(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The Fifth regiment Massachusetts volunteer infantry in its three tours of duty 1861, 1862-'63, 1864"

3 \H 




COLONEL SAMUEL C. LAWRENCE 



THE 

FIFTH REGIMENT 

MASSACHUSETTS 
VOLUNTEER INFANTRY 

IN ITS THREE TOURS OF DUTY 

1861, 1 862-' 63, 1864 



B)' ALFRED S. ROE 

i 

A •veteran of the Ci-vil War 



REGIMENTAL COMMITTEE ON HISTORY 

WILLIAM C. BATES, Chairman GEORGE E. MITCHELL, Secy, and Treas. 

EDWIN F. WYER JAMES H. GRIGGS 

EPHRAIM A. HOWE 



Published by the 

Fifth Regiment Veteran Association 

Boston, Massachusetts 
igii 



t::e i.tv/ york 
PUBLIC LIBRARY I 

ASTOR, LENr>;: 
■ii-0£N FOUNOATIOHS I 



1929 




JUHX B. FllOTHIXGHAM (K) 

IX THE PARADE, APRIL 19, 1911, BOSTON 

WITH UNIFORM AXDIEQUIPMENTS 

OF FIFTY YEARS 'BEFORE 



T/ie Bla7ichard Press 

Worcester, Mass. 



PREFACE. 

Next to his Bible, the average veteran of the Civil War 
prizes the record of his services in behalf of the Union and in 
freeing the slave. Massachusetts, recognizing this very natr 
ural trait, has generously' proclaimed her willingness to assist 
in the publication of histories of the several organizations that 
contributed to the salvation of the nation and therel^y the good 
of humanity, so that already considerably more than one half 
of her regiments have histories more or less complete. When 
the call of President Lincoln came in April, '61, it found the 
Fifth Regiment as anxious to respond as those which were first 
notified; the members of the Fifth accounted themselves true 
minute-men, and the alacrity with which they repaired to Bos- 
ton when the bugle was sounded for them was ample proof of 
their devotion and preparedness; the firing upon Sumter found 
Colonel Lawrence and his men eager for the ordeal. Those dis- 
posed to examine the three rosters of the regiment in its several 
tours of duty will find that very few names appear in each one 
of these lists, hence the obvious fact that, while bearing the 
same regimental name, in reality there were three different 
organizations, though the continuance of officers, both field 
and line, along with a very few enlisted men, together with the 
nominal connection with the mihtary arm of the Common- 
wealth, amply warrants the application of the numeral 5 
to each organization. 

In telling the several stories, care is taken to keep close to the 
regiment; only as much is told of other bodies and events as may 
be necessary to make clear the services of those who called 
themselves " The Fifth." As a rule, the nearer we keep to the 
individual the more entertaining is found the narrative. The 
Roster becomes a series of brief biographies of all those who 
constituted the rank and file of the regiment, thus assuming 
somewhat the form and character of a roll of honor. Probably 
less than a fifth part of all the men belonging can ever see their 
names in these lists, but the same may be a source of satisfac- 
tion to descendants and friends as well as to the general public 
that will ever revert to this period of the nation's life as one 
of its exhibition of true chivalry. 

In senchng forth this record of soldierly hfe, thanks are due 
to very many people who have been exceedingly helpful in 
every stage of its preparation. Much information was gleaned 
from the histories of some of the cities and towns represented 
in the regiment, also from the brief recital of the Fifth's career, 
put forth in 1879 by Frank T. Robinson, and the History of the 
Richardson Light Guard, besides the Report of the Adjutant- 



general for the year 1861. In atldition to these printed sources 
of knowledge, the writer has received great help from the sev- 
eral members of the Publication Committee, the sudden death of 
whose chairman. Comrade Bates, was a serious loss to the work; 
Edwin F. Wyer as a member of the three bodies has been able 
to furnish invaluable aitl through his recollections of men and 
events; George E. ^Mitchell, in securing data from others and in 
narrating his visit to North Carolina, has contributed greatly 
to the success of the history; while E. A. Howe, Esq., through 
his long service as Secretary of the Veteran Association of Co. 
I, has been able to make the vital records of the three compa- 
nies thus designated more complete than any other in the 
book. Also, the same connection rendered it possible for him 
to secure a larger number of subscriptions than are credited to 
any other company, nor should this enumeration close without 
an expression of gratitude to Gen. S. C. Lawrence, the late 
Fred A, Newell (G, 100 days), James C. Melvin, brother of Asa 
Melvin (G, 3 mos.), Fred B. Rice, son of Lieut. Wm. B. Rice 
(E, 100 davs), Geo. E. Marsh (C, 9 mos.), G. H. Sampson (F, 
9 mos.), H. E. Marion (G, 9 mos.), C. W. Bartlett (A, 100 
days), Chas. Brigham, H. W. and Ward M. Otis (all of K, 9 
mos.), John Brown (C, 3 mos.), whose generosity set the pro- 
ject of a history on a solid foundation. The kindness of the 
Twenty-fourth Massachusetts \"eteran Association is appre- 
ciated in the loan of certain North Carolina cuts. While obli- 
gation is felt towards all who helped in any way, this is partic- 
ularly true of those who furnished letters recalling their expe- 
riences in the long ago; thus in the Three Months' Service, 
Lieut. H. P. Wilhams (F), Jos. J. Giles (I) and the friends of 
Lieut. Chas. Bowers and the Bros. E. S. and E. L. Wheeler, all 
of G, contributed freely, while Geo. W. Nason (I) kindly loaned 
many of the cuts that adorn the book. 

Nine Alonths' Service. — Valuable aid was rendered by E. C. 
:Mann and Jos. Sinclair, both of " B "; Geo. E. Marsh of " C "; 
V. Wallberg and Wm. A. Hardy, both of '' D"; Darius Baker, 
A. B. Comey and B. F. Wyman, all of '' E "; H. G. Wesson, war 
letter of C.AL Kimball, the diaries of E. G. Champney and Mil- 
ton Moore, all of " G "; and the extended account of his expe- 
rience furnished the Hudson Enterprise by E. A. Perry (I) . 

One Hundred Daj's' Service. — For letters, data and recol- 
lections, thanks are due C. S. Gierke (A); A. H. Drown, C. W. 
Libby and H. W. Woodburv, all of " D "; J. F. Whiting (E), 
E. A. Clapp (F); Clarence Littlefield, T. V. Sullivan, H. E. 
Marion, all of ''G"; W. W. Wood, J. H. Sawj^er (I); M. J. 
Fcrrin and F. AL Sweetser, both of '' K." 

Alfred S. Roe. 



THREE MONTHS' SERVICE. 
Preliminar}^ 

" The rising of a people is one of the rarest and most mar- 
velous prodigies presented in the annals of humanity." 
These words of Count Agenor de Gasparin in his " Uprising 
of a Great People," published just as the war-clouds were 
bursting, had their full realization when Abraham Lincoln 
sent forth his call for 75,000 troops for the purpose of sup- 
pressing armed rebellion. The demand upon Massachusetts 
for soldiers was met with the utmost enthusiasm, since the 
militia of the Commonwealth for months had been waiting 
anxiously to march towards the theatre of action. Obedient 
to that message from U. S. Senator Henry Wilson, " Send 
on 1,500 men at once," received on the 15th of April, 1861, 
men of the Third, Fourth, Sixth and Eighth regiments came 
pouring into Boston with the utmost speed. Each day marked 
a forward step towards the foe; the 16th saw the ranks com- 
plete, the 17th witnessed their departure, the 18th the con- 
tinued advance, and the 19th the shedding of the first blood 
in Baltimore. It was wdiile their brothers were battling in 
Maryland's Monument City that orders came foi the mem- 
bers of the Fifth Regiment to report in Boston. So ready were 
they to comply that by the next day, the 20th, the organi- 
zation was prepared to depart. The same orders directed 
the assembling of the Third Battalion and of the First Bat- 
tery, so that the eventual numbers from Massachusetts, in 
response to the first call of the President, amounted to more 
than 3,700 men, far in advance of the original demand. Large 
as the number appears, it was only a fraction of the militia 
strength of the Commonwealth. That very efficient branch 
of the pubhc service, under the wise direction of Governor 
Nathaniel P. Banks, Jr., had grown to 15,000 effective men, 
a very -small part, it is true, of the immense aggregate fur- 



8 Fifth Regiment. ]\I. V. M., Three Months. 

nished by the Bay State for the war, less than one tenth, yet 
a considerable force for people devoted to mechanical and 
commercial pursuits to maintain in times of peace. 

That war was imminent, nearly every thoughtful American 
believed; the length of its continuance extended from the 
" sixty days " of Secretary Seward's opinion to the years 
which others assigned to its duration. Earth and air seemed 
to be inflammable, so much so that the merest spark were 
enough to start a conflagration. April 16th, the bark "Man- 
hattan," from Savannah, Georgia, Captain Davis, reached 
her Boston wharf, 573 Commercial Street ; hearing the news. 
Captain Davis hoisted a flag bearing fifteen stars and a 
rattlesnake. It was not long before the emblem was dis- 
covered and the people began to gather, and the cry soon arose, 
" Who put it there?" " I did," said the Captain, who was 
walking the deck, " and I mean to keep it there." As the 
throng continued to increase, the officer retreated below and 
the crew hauled down the obnoxious ensign, fearing that 
the multitude might harm the vessel. No sooner did the flag 
touch the deck than the crowd jumped aboard and in a mo- 
ment tore the " rattlesnake rag " into a hundred pieces. 
That Captain Davis soon learned discretion was evident in 
a letter from him to Governor Andrew, dated April 18, 
wherein he disavowed any disaffection, " in consequence of 
the unfortunate use of a southern flag as a private signal. 
I desire as an earnest of my loyalty to tender my ship as a 
transport to convey men or munitions of war to any port 
within the United States." To this contrite note he affixed 
his name and office, " Francis B. Rice, Master and Owner 
of the Bark 'Manhattan.'" 

The same day in which Bostonians objected to the public 
display of emblematic rattlesnakes, the steaiAer "South Caro- 
lina," that had left Boston for Charleston, April 6th, came 
back unexpectedly. She had put into Norfolk, \a., on account 
of stress of weather, and there learning the condition of pub- 
lic aff"airs, landed her passengers and steamed north* again. 



April, '61. Preliminary. 9 

It was in these fiery times that Major, afterwards Major 
General, Burnside, being in New York city, being asked 
how much time he needed for preparation, repHed instantly, 
" One minute," and the world knows that he led the First 
R. I. V. M. to Washington. " My son," said another New 
Yorker, to his son and namesake, " I would rather give a 
thousand dollars than have you go to Washington soldier- 
ing." The boy replied kindly but decidedly, "Father, if you 
could make it $100,000 it would be of no use, for where the 
Seventh Regiment goes, I go." 

It was a time when men as well as vessels had to show 
their colors, and many who had gained a reputation for 
southern sympathies hastened to set themselves right ^\^th 
the public. George Lunt, associate editor of the Boston 
Courier, certainly not conspicuous for devotion to military 
measures, on the 17th of April found room in his columns 
for a noted poem of his own writing, though not written for 
the occasion. The stanzas were those of " My Country, 
Right or Wrong." Originally uttered by the brave Decatur, 
the poet had made them the burden of his ringing words. 
NotwithstancUng the hardship attending separation, would- 
be soldiers were given fervent " Godspeeds " by their loving 
wives, though one man, rushing in and bidding his helpmeet 
prepare for him his shirts and undergarments, along with a 
lunch, that he might be off at once, was told that she would 
do nothing of the kind, thinking thus to deter his going alto- 
gether. " Well, then, I'll go without them," shouted the 
excited militiaman; and go he did, intentionally or other- 
wise omitting to kiss his loving other half his accustomed 
" goodbye." She was heartbroken, and he was not out of 
sight before she set to work to collect his needed apparel 
and to prepare the best she was capable of making as a peace- 
offering on the following day. Burdened with her load of 
food and clothing, she appeared at the entrance of Faneuil 
Hall and, making known her errand, was soon enfolded in 



10 Fifth Regiment, ^Nl. \ . M., Three Months. 

the embrace of her forgiving spouse and became quite the 
heroine of the hour as lier deeds became known. 

Banks, business firms and inchviduals were constantly 
tendering the loan of money for the pubhc Aveal, and the legis- 
latures of all loyal states made large appropriations that 
their citizen soldiers might go forth adequately equipped. 
So far from there being any shrinking from the duty that 
impending war imposed, there was a friendly rivalry on every 
hand as to who should first reach the recruiting office. The 
uniform and place of the militiaman commanded a premium 
with very few ready to accept the offer. In the single case 
where a captain had declined to order out his company, an 
immediate disbanding was the penalty, the men proceeding 
at once to reorganize and to proffer their services in their 
new cajDacities. Though they were not accepted then, nearly 
or cjuite all soon found their way into the service of their 
country. 

While not included in the summons which had sent their 
fellows forward, the soldiers of the other organizations in the 
Commonwealth were confident that they would soon be 
called for, and in a veritable sense were all of them in a state 
of feverish expectation. Consciously or not, each man seemed 
to have the Latin words, Semper Paratus, graven deep 
upon his mind and he literally slept upon his arms. Nor 
were his promptings vain, for the 19th of April carried from 
the State House General Schouler's order for Colonel Samuel 
C. Lawrence to report with his Fifth Regiment for duty. 
This was the welcome call for which hundreds of ears had 
been listening eagerly. So far as their presence in Boston 
was concerned, the men were ready to march the day follow- 
ing, but were detained till the 21st for a supply of clothing, 
etc. To the authorities, in view of the lack of equipment 
sufficient for all, it seemed best to separate the regiment and 
to send the second section when prepared. The thought was 
to send forward the left wing under Lieutenant-Colonel Dur- 
rell Greene, and Colonel Lawrence with the right would fol- 



April, '61. Preliminary. 11 

low when ready. The young Colonel hastened to head- 
quarters to protest against such division of his command. 
" No provision has been made for so many men at supper, " 
he was told. " My men would prefer to stay together and 
live on crackers and water than be separated," was his 
earnest reply. Taken at his word, he went back to the hall 
and, on reporting his errand, was enthusiastically endorsed 
by the men while the band played, " Hail to the Chief." 
The order for separation was countermanded by the 
Governor. 

All of the ten companies which constituted the Fifth Regi- 
ment in this first service were not originally of that organi- 
zation. To the companies of the Fifth from Concord, Somer- 
ville, Medford and the two from Charlestown were added 
two from Salem, one each from South Reading and Haver- 
hill (all of the Seventh Regiment, M. V. M.), and the single 
company from Boston which Captain Wardwell had raised 
to take the place of the disbanded company in Chelsea. While 
the several companies had numbers sufficient from various 
cities and towns to warrant calling the organizations by such 
town or city name, men came from all parts of eastern Massa- 
chusetts, though principally from Essex, Middlesex and Suf- 
folk counties. While the same spirit actuated all parts of 
the Commonwealth, the scenes in the several localities merit 
their own special descriptions. For convenience, the follow- 
ing tabulation is given, stating regiment, company, locality, 
and commander in every case: 

The Fifth Regiment. 

Company A, Concord, Capt. Prescott. 
Company B, Somerville, Capt. Brastow. 
Company D, Charlestown, Capt. Swan. 
Company E, Medford, Capt. Hutchins. 
Company H, Charlestown, Capt. Boyd. 



12 Fifth Regiment, M. ^^ M., Three Months. 

The Seventh Regiment. 

Company B, Salem, Capt. Peirson. 
Company E, So. Reading, Capt. Locke. 
Company H, Salem, Capt. Danforth. 
Company G, Haverhill, Capt. Messer. 
Companj^ — , Boston, Capt. Wardwell. 

In the merging of the Fifth, Seventh and the newly organ- 
ized company, the new designations of letters mingled the 
respective bodies in a manner entirely regardless of former 
regimental relation. 

COMPANY A. 
(Salem.) 

The first letter of the alphabet fell to that Salem company 
(Co. B of the 7th) long known as the Mechanic Light In- 
fantry. With a single exception, it had been continuously 
organized longer than any other company in the regiment. 
Formed Feb. 26, 1807, it first paraded July 4th of that year, 
under the command of Capt. Perley Putnam, a family name 
well remembered in New England. The gallant officer sur- 
vived until the outbreak of the war, and he was privileged to 
make the address in presenting to the company a beautiful 
silk flag on the day of its departure, the 20th, for Boston. 
Eighty-four years of age, his life linked the War of the Revo- 
lution with that of the Rebellion. As there were more men 
in the company than the regulations allowed, some had to 
drop out, much to their regret. Assembling at their armory 
at 7 a.m. on the 20th, they reported for duty at Faneuil 
Hall at 10 o'clock. 

COMPANY B. 
(South Reading, now Wakefield.) 

Organized October, 1851, the charter of the Richardson 
Light Guard bears date the 2d day of the month and is 



April, '61. Company C. 1^ 

signed by George S. Boutwell, Governor and Commander- 
in-Chief. When the noon-day orders of the 19th of April 
were received, the company was lettered " E " in the Seventh 
Regiment, but here, as often elsewhere, a change of name 
made no difference with the object itself. As early as Jan. 
18, 1861, in response to a letter of inquiry from the Governor 
as to how many were ready to respond to a call to arms, the 
twenty-three men present were unanimous in their answer, 
" Yes." From that date onward, there was a constant look- 
ing forward to the summons, which came at 12.30 of the 19th, 
the day made famous in 1775, Colonel Lawrence directing 
Captain Locke to report with his company in Boston forth- 
with. To the music of ringing bells and the firing of guns, 
the men responded with such alacrity that, at 2.30 o'clock, 
eighty-seven men, rank and file, marched from the armory to 
the Common. With equal zeal and haste, the citizens had 
there prepared a collation, of which the soldiers partook 
hurriedly, and then proceeded to the railroad station for 
addresses and good-byes. The speakers were Edward Mans- 
field, Hon. Lilley Eaton, P. C. Wheeler, the Rev. E. A. 
Eaton and others, prayer being offered by the Rev. D. W. 
Phillips. It was about 4 o'clock when the company boarded 
the cars and was off for Boston, through whose streets, 
escorted by the Maiden Brass Band, and accompanied by 
many South Reading citizens, the men marched to Faneuil 
Hall, spending the night in the drill-hall of the Ancient and 
Honorable Artillery Company. 

COMPANY C. 
(Charlestown.) 

The'i Charlestown Artillery (Co. D of the Fifth until 
this reorganization) was first chartered in 1786, but, suffer- 
ing a lapse, was begun again in 1831, and was known as one 
of the famous military bodies of the State. So near does 
the Bunker Hill City lie to Boston, quite as near then as now, 



14 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 

that whatever is current in one place is equally common in 
the other, so that the going aAvay of earlier regiments had 
given an unusual degree of expectancy to the Charlestown 
" boys." For more than twenty-four hours the company 
had been ready to march on the tap of the drum, and on the 
19th it did cross over the Mystic and take its place with 
others in the Cradle of Liberty. 

COMPANY D. 

(Haverhill.) 

The Haverhill Light Infantry (Co. G of the 7th), gener- 
ally known as the Hale Guards, was organized in 1853, re- 
ceiving its name from the Hon. E. J. M. Hale, a very prom- 
inent business man of the citj'. Orders for the march of 
the company found the men drilling, hence there was little 
wonder that its four score men were in readiness to march 
at once. They were accompanied to the station by a large 
number of citizens and were addressed before going by the 
Rev. R. H. Seeley. One of the most interesting items in 
connection with the leaving of the company was the manner 
in which it was supplied with a flag. In those days every 
company thought it should be thus supplied, forgetting 
that it was the regimental colors on which the companies 
formed and behind which they marched. In those times, 
too, bunting was scarce and starry banners were not so com- 
mon as they have become since the war. In this plight, E. 
K. Davis, a former Guardsman, one of the original company, 
though he had been transferred to a Charlestown company 
(K) and was now infusing his zeal into the hearts of his old 
Haverhill associates, remarked to his sister, Mrs. Daniel 
Buswell, " Nancy, we have no flag and no war clothes to 
wear." This good woman, a patriotic seamstress, replied, 
" You shall have a flag, if I have to make one." The anxious 
yet doubting brother said, " You can't do it, Nancy; you 
haven't time, for it is now Wednesday, and we shall have to 



April, '61. 



Company D. 



15 



start Friday." " I'll find time, if I have to work day and 
night;" and this she did literally, working continuously fifty-six 
hours, with only two hours for sleep in that long interval. It 
was "Stitch, stitch, stitch, " but not in "poverty, hunger 
and dirt," for in her own comfortable home she was not 
repeating the sad lines of Hood, but rather, from ribbons of 
red, white and blue, she was fashioning the stars and stripes 
of her country's flag with her needle, that most delicate of 
weapons, proving it the fit companion of sword and bayonet, 
and herself a Haverhill heroine, unequaled since the days 
of Hannah Dustin. The wonder is that Whittier, with his 




16 Fifth Regiment, M. \'. M., Three Months. 

rare eye and ear for patriotic incident, did not make Nancy 
Buswell and her flag a companion picture to " Dame Bar- 
bara " and her " silken scarf " which she shakes forth with 
such royal will. * 

COMPANY E. 

(Medford.) 

In this single instance the letter for the Medford company^ 
in the new Fifth, coincided wdth that employed in the old 
regiment. It was still Co. E and, as the Lawrence Light 
Guards, carried along with it the name of the Colonel who 
formerly had been its beloved captain. Organized on Oct. 1, 
1854, it had always been a popular corps in the home town. 
Anxiously expectant, they were not surprised ears on which 
fell the words of Daniel W. Lawrence, brother of the Colonel, 
as on the night before the 19th of April he rode over the 
precise route of Paul Revere, eighty-six years before, when 
were heard — 

" A voice in the darkness, a knock at the door, 
And a word that shall echo for evermore." 

The people of Medford apparently appreciated the situa- 
tion, as in great numbers they thronged the centre of the 
town to witness the departure of their sons and brothers. 
The gathering soon took upon itself the form of a meeting 
in the Town Hall, and the Rev. Jarvis A. Ames, a local Meth- 
odist minister, prayed, "and never was a more devout, earnest, 
patriotic and Christian prayer sent up to the throne of God, 
than fell from the lips of that noble man." This company 

*After many j^ears of wandering, having been lost in the hurly-burly 
of war, the flag came back to Mrs. Buswell, and she, realizing the public 
nature of her handiwork, in 1894 gave it into the care and keeping of the 
local Post, G. A. R., in whose Post-hall, its most interesting souvenir, care- 
fully preserved uncler a locked glass case, the priceless emblem receives 
the admiring glances of hundreds of visitors who climb the stairs for this 
express purpose. The devoted maker of the flag, after spending her de- 
clining years in the Home for Aged Women in Haverhill, being about 90 
years of age, passed awaj^ Sept. 19, 1910. 



April, '01. Company F. 17 

was the very first of the Fifth to report on Boston Common 
in the afternoon of the 19th, accompanied by nearly 500 
Medford citizens and led by a brass band. Tne impromptu 
meeting in the Town Hall had resulted in the subscribing of 
more than $5000 for the aid of the bereft families, the Hon. 
Thatcher Magoon giving $500 towards this meritorious cause. 
First-Lieut. John G. Chambers, later Adjutant, and who, 
later still, as Lieut.-Col. of the 23d Mass., was to fall at 
Drewry's Bluff, received many tokens of regard and respect 
from his fellow journalists, among them a sum of money 
and a full equipment, besides a certificate of a $2000 life 
insurance issued upon his life in favor of his wife. Lieut. 
Wm. H. Pattee had a month's extra pay from his employers 
and $80 from others, also a revolver. '' You'll see me back 
when the fighting is over," he said, '' or not at all." 

COMPANY F. 
(Boston.) 

Sometimes called " Wardwell's Tigers," this was the only 
company enlisted purposely for the Fifth, taking the place 
of the Chelsea corps which had been disbanded through the 
disobedience of its captain; also it was said to be the first 
company of volunteers to leave Massachusetts raised after 
April 15. David K. Wardwell, who had been a soldier in 
the Mexican War, received permission from the Governor, 
on the 16th, to raise a company of men. So earnestly did 
he prosecute his task, so brimming full were the people with 
patriotism, in less than two days his object was attained, 
and at the meeting for election of officers Colonel Robert 
Cowdin of the First Regiment presided. " The Boston 
Volunteers " had become a reality. During this period the 
" Hub " w^as receiving a real baptism of Union fervor. Cars, 
cabs and omnibuses were bedecked with flags; the great 
area of the Boston Theatre had become a drill-room for 
would-be soldiers; Hogg, Brown & Taylor offen^l to out- 
2 



18 Fifth Regiment, M. \ . M., Three Months. 

fit clerkr- who would enlist, pay them salaries while away 
and retain their positions for them on their return, an offer 
which thirteen clerks, unnaturalized Nova Scotians, accepted. 
One of Boston's ladies' schools takes a vacation for a week 
and the girls vote to give their entire time to the making of 
garments for the soldiers; Oliver Ditson & Co. offered out- 
fits and retention of situations to their clerks, and when the 
Sixth Regiment went away from the old Boston & Wor- 
cester station, the newsdealer there gave to the soldiers his 
entire stock of papers, and on the 18th the newsmen in the 
Old Colony station did the same thing for the soldiers depart- 
ing thence. Leopold Morse, Dock Square, offered the Gov- 
ernor 200 pairs of pantaloons for the men, and his offer was 
accepted. When the girls employed in a book-bindery learned 
that one of the men laboring with them had enlisted, they 
made up a purse of fifty dollars for his wife. Never had there 
been such sales of war music, though the call for " Dixie " 
disappeared completely. A reader of the Transcript calls 
attention to the following distich from Mrs. Barbauld, the 

poet : 

■' Man is the noblest growth our reahiis supply, 
And souls are ripened in our Northern Sk3\" 

The enlistment story of Co. F, as told by 3d Lieut. 
Horace P. AVilliams: 

On the morning of April loth, 1861, when going into town, 
on the train from Brookline, I read the President's procla- 
mation calling for 75,000 inen, and going to my office, 16 
Congress St., my business that as agent of the " Cow Bay 
Coal (^o." of C. B. and reading my mail, I decided at about 
10 a.m. to go to the State House and see General Schouler. 
I found him in and said, '' General, I see the President has 
called; what can I do? " He said, " Wait a minute; Captain 
Wardwell has gone up to see the Governor." Soon Wardwell 
came in with an order, the first the Governor has given, after 
the call, to raise a Company. General Schouler introduced 
me and said, " Take hold and help him to recruit his Com- 
pany," and handed us a five-year U. S. Army recruiting blank 
and Wardwell and I started down town. I knew of a vacant 



April, '61. Company G. 19 

office on Conjiress S(j., in the rear of my office, and 
I asked yir. Way for the use of it which he granted. 
We then wrote off a hantl bill: " Recruits wanted 
for the war at office in Congress Square," and I took it to 
my friend Button, of the Transcript, and he at once had 
printed 300 copies of it. These Stoddard and I took in our 
arms and walked down and through the crowds in State 
Street, which was a jam of people, and scattered them to the 
people. The Captain had been left in the office, and when 
we got back found he was getting signatures rapidly so that 
by 1 o'clock the roll had 107 names. We organized, elected 
officers, and the Captain took the roll to the State House. 
When lie came back he had orders to dismiss the men and to 
assemble next morning at the hall over the Fitchbuiu R. R. 
depot. 

I declined Ijeing first or second Lt., not being sure if I 
could arrange my business, but I had to give it up and lose 
14 cargoes of coal I had sold to arrive. On the 16th the Cap- 
tain and I drilled these men all day in the school of the com- 
pany and the first and second Lts. attended to raising the 
funds and in ordering a uniform. The 17th the company was 
ordered to march to the State House and he and the Adj. 
General inspected and mustered the men. Andrew made a 
speech and the men were furnished with blankets, haver- 
sacks and canteens and then ordered to match to Faneuil 
Hall and report to Col. Lawrence, as a part of his 5th Regi- 
ment. We reported and were armed with Springfield rifles and a 
good uniform. George Lane, the clothier in Dock Square, 
gave each man a ):)lue flannel shirt; in the pocket of each were 
a ])ocket Testament and pocket handkerchief. 

COMPANY G. 

(Concord.) 

" The Concord Artillery" (Co. A of the old Fifth), organ- 
ized 1804, parading the first time July 4 of that year, was 
the oldest body in the regiment, though there had been a 
change in its drill from artillery to infantry about 1848. The 
name of this corps is connected with the State House in an 
interesting manner. When chartered, it was ordered that 
two small brass field pieces, consecrated to the memory of 



20 KiF'iii Hk(;imkxt, M. \'. M.. Three ^Ionths. 

Major Jolm BuTtrifk and Captain Isaac Davis and thus 
engraved, should l)e ])resented to the (■()ni])any. In 1846 the 
old pair was exchanged for new guns similarly engraved and 
the old ones were placed on exhil)ition in Doric Hall at the 
Capitol. The same spirit which drew the farmers of '75 to 
the " rude l)ridge which arched the flood " compelled their 
grandsons to leave the plough and workshop and swiftly 
form themselves in ranks of war. leaving Concord for 
Boston at noon of the 19th. The town contributed S4500 
for solcHers' families. The three Buttricks in the company 
were said to lie descendants of the famous Major who gave 
the first connnand for Americans to fire on British troops. 

COMPANY H. 

(Salem, i 

" Salem City Guard " (Co. H of the Seventh in the old 
order) was formed Nov. 14. 184(i, and shared with the 
Mechanic Light Infantry the enthusiasm which sent the other 
company out under the command of Captain Peirson. 
April 17th there was a great meeting in the City Hall, over 
which Mayor S. P. Webb presided and in which several thou- 
ands of dollars were subscribed for the care and relief of 
families distressed by enlistments. Spirited addresses were 
made l)>' the Mayor and others. The officers of the City 
(luards were presented with handsome revolvers through the 
agency of Geo. W. Williams of Salem. Leaving their home 
cit}' at 9 a.m. of the 20th, the (iuards were soon mingling 
with their fellows in Faneuil Hall. 

COMPANY L 

I Somerville. ) 

" Somerville Light Infantry"'* (Co. B of the old Fifth) 
was organized, October. 1853, under the commaml of Captain 

*An interest in.s>: fac-t jxTtaiiis to the history of the Li^lit liit'aiitrv, that 
from an unused sum. raised for the care of famihes de])eiident on members 



April, '<i1. 



CoMFAXY I. 



21 



George U. Brastow. In 1851). returning to the couiniand of 
the company, it was his good fortune to be at the h(»a(l of 
the same when the great storm l)egan. Premonitions of the 
outbreak had resulted in the enhstment and retention of men 
who w^ould l)e likely to stick when the moment of trial came. 
The call for the earlier regiments only made these men the 
more anxious for their own summoning which duly came. 
On the 17th of April a meeting was held for the purjiose of 



^,^ MASSACHUSETTS -> 
^INUTE MEN 1861 ^ 




REVERSE 



MASSACHUSETTS MEDAI. 
HONOR -FRONT. 




UNIFORM OF GO'S 
B AND I. 



devising means of ])roperl\- caring for tlie families of the men 
who were aljout to leave, resulting in the raising of nearly 
$5000, of which $700 was placed in the hands of (/ap- 

of the company, ill the full of '63 there Wcis erected in Sonierviile the very 
first Sokhens' Monument in Ma,s.sachusett.s. Intended at first as a memo- 
rial of the Infantrv. its scope was extentled to cover all of (he deceased 
soldiers from Somerville and, until the dedication of the later monument 
in 1009, it was the citv's onlv monumental memorial. 



22 Fii in l^KciiMEXT. M. \'. \l.. Three Months. 

tain Brastow, who with liis company marched into the 
meeting. The remainder was voted to be placed in the 
Lechmere Banl-c, subject to call as needed. On Saturday, 
the 20th, the company was tlrawn up around the flag-staff 
in Union Square, where the flag was saluted and prayer was 
offered by the Rev. Mr. Fairbanks; next the men marched to 
the (Congregational Church in Franklin Square, where each 
man was presented with a Testament Ijy M. H. Sargent, 
who had already subscribed $100 to the general fund. Thence 
escorted by fully 2000 citizens of Somerville, including a 
company of horse, the march was made to Faneuil Hall. Many 
personal tributes were made, as when Sergeant J. C. Watson, 
by the Boston Board of Brokers, was given a fine set of equip- 
ments, including a sword and revolver; Geo. AV. Xason, Jr., 
a Franklin man, still a member of the company, delivery 
clerk for the Fiske & Co.'s Express, was presented with a 
silver-mounted Colts revolver; his position was retained for 
him and his salary was paid to his wife during his absence. 
He was able to turn in S8000 towards the Government loan, 
which, when the war was ended, he received back again with 
interest at 7%. Though he fovmd his position awaiting 
him, he held it only twelve days, for the war spirit was still 
on and he soon enlisted again. Geo. F. Whitcomb was given 
a finely mounted revolver, a bowie-knife, a dressing-case 
and a purse of SoO by his friends. 

COMPANY K. 

(Charlestown.) 

Alphabetically, " The Charlestown City Guards " came 
last in the list. Organized in 1851, it had been Co. H in the 
old P'ifth, but as newly constituted it had the same men and 
officers. There was no doubt as to its being one of the most 
popular military bodies that the city opposite Boston had 
ever known. Trying so near Faneuil Hall there w^as no diffi- 
culty in Captain Boyd's being one of the earh- offic(»rs to re- 



April 19, '61. Faneuil Hall. 23 

port there with a loyal following. Company K's personal 
story is quite as extended as that of any of the corps consti- 
tuting the regiment. Wellington, Goss & Co., Devonshire 
Street, gave to one of their clerks who had volunteered a 
soldier's suit and a complete outfit, guaranteed his salary 
during his absence and his old place, if he returned, while 
his fellow clerks gave him a silver-mounted revolver. To both 
Charlestown companies the Rev. Abbott E. Kittridge of the 
Winthrop Congregational Church gave a pocket Bible for 
every member. Two men in the office of the Boston Journal 
had determined to go with their company, whereupon the 
Journal remarks, '' A. W. Tibbitts and C. F. Richards have 
concluded to exchange the ' shooting-stick ' for the ' shoot- 
ing-iron,' and may God preserve them," to which pious 
prayer the Transcript appends " Amen." Sergt. D. W. Davis 
was presented with a revolver by his fellow boarders at the 
National House. Lieut. Walter Everett and Private B. S. 
Drew were similarly served by clubs to which they belonged, 
and Eben White was given a sum of money and an outfit 
by his employers, March Brothers. History does not record 
the name of the young man, but one of the Guards was al)out 
to be married and, on this account, considered the propriety 
of staying at home, but he got his " right about face!" from 
his inamorata when she emphatically said, " If you do, 
I'll never marry you in the world." It is to be hoped that 
" When the Cruel War was Over," fulfilled vows led to years 
of happiness. Finally, no man of the company went without 
his revolver, for the " fine " or honorary members took care 
that every one was supplied. 

FANEUIL HALL. 

It was a happy fate that had ijreserved " The Cradle of 
Liberty " for the rocking of Liberty's children of a generation, 
far away from that which, in Revolutionary days, was cradled 
here. Never did it seem to ansAver better the purposes for 



24 Fifth lb:<;iMENT, M. \'. M., Three Months. 

\vliich it luul been reserved than when it was crowded with the 
vigorous sons of Massachusetts, impatiently awaiting the hour 
when they were to march hence to do the duties of true sol- 
diers. The 19th of April, which saw the gathering in Boston 
of the several companies henceforth to be welded into a com- 
])act history under the name of the Fifth M. Y. M., already 
was fragrant with the memories of an earlier 19th, just 
eighty -six years l)efore, and even while these untried soldiers 
of the new regiment are assembling, their brothers who 
departed from the same hall, just two days before, are fighting 
and dying in the streets of Baltimore, thus, as it were, burn- 
ing yet deeper into the hearts and minds of men the signifi- 
cance of April's 19th day. Though the hall itself and the 
rooms of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery, on the floor 
above, are at the disposal of the men, there is little or no 
room for drill. Rather is the time taken for the distribution 
of uniforms and other articles of apparel, getting acquainted 
with each other, and in saying " good-bye " to the many 
friends Avho come in great numbers, anxious to see once more 
the loved one whom, it is possible, they may never meet 
again. 

Undoul)tedly there are men here who would Cjuite as well 
have served their country by remaining at home and caring 
for families dependent upon them. One Charlestown soldier, 
in his early twenties, l^ut yet a husband and father, was with 
his company very much against the will of his mother, a vig- 
orous dame who had begun life on the Isle of Erin, she insist- 
ing that it was his duty to stay at home and look after " Kitty 
and the })aby." " Jim," however, did not see his obligation 
in the same light and determined to go the length wdth the 
" boys." Once within the sacred walls of Faneuil Hall, 
cradled there, as it were, he thought himself quite safe from 
maternal interference: not so, however, reasoned that irate 
mother, and ere long tlie young soldier heard a comrade 
shout, " Look out, .Jim! your mother's coming up the stairs." 
What Avas a xalorous militiaman to do under such circum- 



April 21, '61. Departure. 25 

stances? He had never dared disoljey her l)efore and, armed 
and uniformed soldier though he was, he did not wish to begin 
then, yet go he would with his eompanj'. The result was a sur- 
render to his fear of meeting her who had rocked his cradle, 
and a masterly retreat was made through a quickly opened 
window, whence he could reach a water conductor from the 
roof and, sliding down the same, he was able to defy petti- 
coat government until his observing friends signaled that 
the amiable enemy had herself retreated and he could return 
to the hall in safety. In later years he was wont to remark 
that sul)sequent emotions, when under fir(^ at Bidl Run, were 
not so provocative of flight as were his wIhmi h(^ heard that 
his mother was after him in Faneuil Hall. 

The galleries held a goodly array of p(H)ple day and night, 
ever interested in what was doing in the arena below. Sleep 
was quite out of the ciuestion, for, coming together with the 
intention of departing early in the evening of the 20th, it 
was evident that every moment must be devoted to the 
journey impending. Not even the time extended to the 
morning of the 21st sensibly abated the hum of preparation. 
That final night made a lasting impression on those who passed 
through it. The Brigade Band furnished music. Governor 
Andrew was present until a late hour, and his gayly bedecked 
aides were in evidence throughout the entire ordeal. Once, 
at least, there was work in ]:)lenty for those gorgeously equipped 
officers. Muskets and haversacks were given out to the men, 
and as l)lankets and knapsacks had not yet been received, 
they were to be forwarded in boxes. An early breakfast was 
served at 4 o'clock in the morning, an edifying sight to the 
hundreds of people who, from the galleries, Avere determined 
to see their boys off, not infreciuently ])reaking out into cheers 
at some unexpected demonstration on the flooi- below. 

DEPARTURE. 

Daylight was streaming into the windows of the ancient 
edifice as line was formed for departure, the regiment march- 



26 Fifth HK(iiMK\T, ]\I. ^'. M. Three Months. 

ing ill two divisions. The line itself was formed on South 
Market Street and with the 1st Division went the Brigade 
Band, while Hall's accompanied the 2d. Starting at o a.m., 
the line proceeded into State Street, a vast throng of eager 
humanity accompanying, even at this early hour. Thence 
the regiment marched through Court, Tremont, West, Wash- 
ington, Beach, Albany and Oak streets to the Boston & Wor- 
cester freight station. There also was the Boston Light 
Artiller}^ Captain Asa M. Cook, to be fellow excursionists 
southward. There too, seemingly, was a large part of the 
population of Boston, who had either stayed up all night or 
had made a phenomenally early rising record for Sunday 
morning. The train, apparently in two sections, consisted 
of nineteen cars, two occupied by the artillery. There had been 
many changes in the original make-up of the Fifth ; for all sorts 
of reasons, men had been discharged, but for their places there 
were many in waiting, so that the maximum numbers were 
easily maintained, and 805 men were in the array that at 
6.50 on this Sunda}' morning, amidst the strains of 
brass bands and the shouts of thousands of on-lookers, rolled 
out of Boston and took their course westward. After de- 
scribing the departure, the Transcript says this of the Com- 
mander of the Fifth: " Commanded by Colonel Lawrence, an 
experienced officer and a nol)le-hearted man, this regiment 
will shed glory on the Commonwealth whose honor she is 
ready to sustain.'' 

The first stop was at South Franiinghaiii, and early though 
it was, the people were earlier out, open-armed and open- 
handed, with ):)roffers of food and other comforts to all who 
would partake. At Worcester the record was much the 
same, though the night Vjefore the Heart of the Common- 
wealth had witnessed the departure of her own Third Bat- 
talion, under the; command of Major Charles Devens, for Bal- 
timore. Palmer gave the " boys " an ovation, with hot 
coffee, cake and other su])stantials, for, evidently, the men 
were thought to be constantly hungry. Springfield seemed 



April 21, '(11. Departure. 27 

much more like a Fourth of July celebration than a peace- 
ful city in the quiet hour of church attendance. Even a pass- 
ing funeral could not resist the temptation to applaud, and 
thus down through Hartford, Meriden, New Haven, Bridge- 
port, Norwalk to New York the entire way was glorious. 
The Boston Transcript of the 23d had a letter from one of 
the boys in Company B, who thus described his impressions 
of the journey: 

We arrived in Springfield at 1 p.m. on the 21st, in the best 
of spirits. Our journey was a complete ovation. You would 
not have thought it possible that it could be the Sabbath, to 
see the people in the places we passed through, as they 
gathered at the depots, and to hear the roaring of cannon, 
the ringing of bells, the bands of music, the cheering, etc. 
Old men grasped us in their arms as we halted for a brief 
time at the R.R. stations, while their streaming eyes and their 
fervent " God bless you " told of the intensity of their feel- 
ings. At Springfield, the people completely overwhelmed the. 
regiment with acts of kindness. They spread for the men a 
substantial and a bountiful repast and when the troops 
reached Hartford, scenes occurred that will never be erased 
from the memories of those witnessing them. One little 
personal incident I cannot help mentioning. A charming 
young lady asked for my address, tied the tri-colors in my 
l)utton-hole and told me to wear them even unto death if 
need be, which you know I will do. 

Had a certain Concord boy returned from his l)rief leave of 
absence, the train had carried 806 men instead of the number 
recorded. It seems that he had been permitted to visit 
friends ten miles away, thinking that the regiment would 
not get away until Monday. The feehngs of the poor fellow 
can be imagined when he got back and found the hall empty 
and his comrades missing. But he was no deserter, what- 
ever may have been the thought of his officers. Friends 
quickly rallied, raised the money necessary to take him to 
Annapolis, and he started after as rapidly as steam cars could 
take him. Alas, however, for the good intentions of his friends 
and his own as well, for he was arrested as a spy, was tried 



28 Fiirn Hk(;tmk.\t, M. W M., Threk Months. 

and was scntencfHl to be hanged, his story being unlx'Heved. 
However, l)efore the sentence could be executed, confirma- 
tion of his tale was received and he was restored to his com- 
pany and comrades, by no means the coward and poltroon 
that his absence some had thought to indicate. 

NEW YORK. 

While the rece])ti()n of the regiment to New York was 
grand, the edge of popular enthusiasm had been taken off by 
the Sixth on its march down Broadway. Of that memorable 
event, descriptions many and vivid still exist. As the men 
passed by a certain office, the cheering was noticeal)ly loud 
even where every one was seemingly filled wdth acclaim. 
The shouters were exclusively Bay Staters afar from home, 
and they received with averted faces a New Yorker who 
essayed to join them, telling him that he could have no part 
there, since he w^as not a native of Massachusetts. Where- 
upon he exclaimed, "It is true that I am a New York man, 
i)ut I married a Boston lady and made a first rate bargain." 
This let him into the " True Blue "" throng and his shout 
was considered as good as the best. Massachusetts was 
cheered over and over in the Brokers' Board and in all public 
places. The late hour of arrival may have had a lessening 
effect also, though those who had not witnessed the earlier 
reception could have missed nothing in the eager manner of 
these thronging masses. 

The New York Tribune of the 22d had this to say con- 
cerning the arrival and speedy departure of the Fifth: 

The Fifth Massachusetts Infantry arrived in this city last 
night at 8 o'clock, 1000 picked men from Boston and vicinity, 
as fine looking a body of men as can be found. They were 
met at the De])ot by Captain Bryan of the 19th Ward Police 
and escorted down Broadway. The men appeared to be in 
excellent spirits and eager to reach the scene of action. The 
Fifth Averme Hotel was a center of tunmltuous cheering and 
here Captain Speight of the 21st Ward with a platoon of 



April 22. (il. New York. 29 

policemen joined the escort, the prospect being that the 
crowds wouhl be great and, therel)y. the n.iarch niiglit be 
impeded. This was true, each street contributing its quota 
as the force proceeded. Arrangement had been made for 
supper at some of the large hotels, past or near which the 
route was to be, and thus companies filed out of line as they 
reached the Metropolitan, Lefarge, Astor and St. Nicholas. 
At a late hour the regiment marched to Pier No. 4, North 
River, and went aboard the steamers Ariel and DeSoto. 
Massachusetts has, within six days, responded to the Presi- 
dent's proclamation with five full regiments of Infantry, a 
.Battalion of Rifles and a splendid corps of Flying Artillery. 

In these early days of the war, the city of New York had 
not acquired the habit of caring for regiments on their way 
through the Empire City to the seat of hostilities. Later 
such visitors would have gone, quite unheralded, to City 
Hall Barracks and there have partaken of the coarsest of 
soldiers' fare; now they go to the finest hotels on the conti- 
nent and are fed with the best the cuisine affords. While 
halls and corridors may have afforded improvised couches 
for tired men, there are records of guests giving up their rooms 
that these militiamen, on their way to save Washington from 
the foe, might rest in comfort and ciuiet. Some, we are told, 
bivouacked on the sidewalk, and years later one of such 
sleepers told the Astor House clerk that he much preferred 
his bed of the night before to that of 1861. For the first time 
Adjutant Barri made his appearance here, for though he had 
formerly resided in Cambridge, his residence^ in 1861 was 
New York. 

The Boston Artillery had accompanied the P'ifth all the 
way, and in New York the Third Battalion was also joined, 
so together the three bodies made their way to the landing, 
and four companies, under Major Keyes with Major Charles 
Devens's Battalion of Rifles, went on board the Ariel. The 
other six companies with Colonel Lawrence and Cook's 
Light Battery boarded the DeSoto and, at 3 o'clock in the 
morning of the 22d, started for Fortress Monroe. The food 



30 Fifth Rp:(!Iment, ]\I. \. !M.. Three ^Months. 

jiivcu the men on this trip was a most decided contrast to 
that almost thrust upon them on their way down from their 
homes through Massachusetts and Connecticut to New 
York. Then there was more than the}' could eat, now they 
begin to realize some of the privations of a soldier's active 
life. Colonel LawTence wrote back to the authorities in Bos- 
ton that the three days' rations supplied his men were a total 
failure: the corned beef was mouldy, decomposed, and had 
to be thrown awa>'. Thus early began one of the crying evils 
of the war, indeed the chief cause of complaint in all wars. 

Noon of the 23d saw the vessels at Fortress Monroe, then 
very often mentioned in popular speech, and that the regi- 
ment was now within rebel reach was evident when the 
men were enjoined to keep their guns near at hand as the 
steamers went cautiously up the Chesapeake, the eastern 
shores of Virginia and Marjdand being considered, at the 
best, deV^atable territory. As the ships rounded into the 
mouth of the Severn, in the morning of the 24th, and neared 
the docks of Annapolis, every eager soldier noted the presence 
of many great steamers, for the most part filled Avith troops, 
and several national vessels, a warlike showing never seen 
by them before. Here had been planted the U. S. Naval 
Academy while (ieorge Bancroft of Massachusetts was Sec- 
retary of the Navy. l)ut owdng to the nearness of the prospec- 
tive war, to be moved, i. e.,the students and teachers, in May 
to Newport, R. I. The frigate Constitution launched in 
Boston October, 1797, had long been here, serving as a school- 
ship for the " middies " of the Naval Academy, and was 
deemed very much in danger of capture or destruction by 
the rebels. Thirty tons of powder w'ere in her magazine 
and a sailor had been stationed with a slow match to be used 
in case of need, but happily Massachusetts men had rendered 
the ignition of the match unnecessary, since, under orders 
from General Butler, soldiers of the Eighth Regiment boarded 
her and on the 26th were to sail away to safety in New York, 
later to resume, in Newport, her old-time office of training- 



April 24, '61. Annapolis. 31 

ship. Men of the Fifth 5>;ot hardly more tliaii a partinji 
glance at Old Ironsides as they steamed by. 

ANNAPOLIS. 

The men were landed in the afternoon of the 24th, an<l at 
first temporary lodgment was found within the grounds of 
the Academy. Indeed when Gov. Thomas H. Hicks had 
protested against the presence of armed soldiers from other 
states in Maryland at all, the ever ready General Butler assured 
him that there could be no possible objection to the use of 
U. S. territory, which that of the Naval Academy surely was. 
During this halt within the grounds of the Academy, at least 
a portion of the regiment was quartered within a church, pos- 
sibly that in which the cadets worshipped. Two youngsters, 
taking up their beds in the gallerj^ were amused at the variety 
of snores that the church floor afforded. One of the gallery- 
gods conceived the brilliant idea of snoring also, terminating 
each effort with a jirolonged whistle, thus startling a Quincy 
Irishman, down on the floor, who affirmed that there was a 
Banshee in their midst. Direful threats had been made as to 
what would happen if any of the northern men ventured out- 
side of the enclosure, but the General called for a detail of 
printers, with them took possession of a printing establish- 
ment, soon set up and struck off some posters so large that 
the poorest vision could read their terms, and put them up in 
prominent places. The wording was to the effect that if a 
single hair of a soldier's head was injured, he would level 
the city to the ground. Whereupon the gates were thrown 
open and men came and went, quite safe from rebel molesta- 
tion. Rebel sympathizers had torn up a considerable part 
of the railroad track to Annapolis Junction, and the only 
locomotive had been put out of commission, but the men of 
the Eighth Regiment had righted these defects before the Fifth 
was ready for action. 

Our regiment had not gone all this distance to stay in An- 
napolis. The ultimate destination was Washington, and on 



32 Fifth Heciment. ^I. V. M.. Three Months. 

the next day, the 2oth, orders were received that at mid- 
night the start should be made, l)ut the train could accommo- 
date only four companies, the other six under Lieut.-col. 
Greene being obliged to foot it, making thus their first real 
military march. Starting thus early on the 26th, to this 
day it is a question which cUvision fared the worse, for while 
one was nominally riding, it was over a road never any too 
well-equipped, so that the passengers thought themselves in 
danger of being pitched down the embankment at any 
moment.* It also was a case of working one's way, since 
again and again the train was stopped that the track might 
be made safer. It was on this day that the DeSoto passengers 
had cartridges given to them, and it is told that one of the 
men, doubtless a recruit, in his ignorance turned to his comrade 
as he prepared to load his gun, saying, " Which end of this 
thing goes in first?" Those arriving in the Ariel had been 
supplied on shipboard. The Massachusetts Eighth and the 
New York Seventh had been the forlorn hope in this plan of 
getting to Washington; they had already traversed the 
twenty-one miles between Annapolis, the capital of Maryland, 
and the Junction, whence they were to take the main Une of 
the road from Baltimore to Washington. The story of that 
early induction into marching through a hostile country, 
Theodore Winthrop of the New York Seventh, so soon to fall 
at Big Bethel, in an article published in the Atlantic Monthly 
about the time of his death, told in such grai:)hic terms that 
his reputation as a literary man was firmh' fixed, but all of 
this was preliminary to the labors of the Fifth Regiment. 



*Great divcLsity of statement is found as to when tlie regiment left An- 
napolis, and equally wide are the opinions as to when the men arrived at 
the Junction, al.«o in Washington. One of Lieut. Bowers' letters, written 
at the Junction innnediately on ar;iving, states that Co. G started at 8 p.m. 
of tlie 2.5th and leached the Junction at 11 a.m. of the 26th. As it was 
the fiist march of all of the men and extremely exacting, it is best to con- 
clude that there was .some "go as you jilease " marching, and the men got 
there when they arrived, hence the all sorts of hours reportsd. A writer 
of Co. F says, in .so many words, "On Saturday, a.m. (27) a train was 
taken for Washington which reached that citj' about 7 o'clock." 



April 25, '61. Washington. 33 

In what way the idea gained circulation that it was only 
nine miles to the Junction may never be known, hut such was 
the report, and when that distance had been accomplished, 
the men began to think that " lying signboards " were not 
confined to New England. If the expression " nine miles 
to the Junction " was heard once, it was a hundred and more 
times as the men plodded their weary way onward. The 
phrase became a stock expression for all of the coming weeks 
of their service. Whatever the scheduled distance those who 
walked were sure the half had never been told. While men 
enough, on foot and horseback, were seen in the distance, the 
Junction was reached with much less adventure than had 
been expected. As one of the men expressed it, " We lay 
on our arms till the next morning." A letter of those times 
saj'S, " So thoroughly tired were we that nature demanded a 
good rest and I camped on the bare earth beside Major Keyes, 
and was so exhausted that I did not awake until long after 
sunrise and then found one cheek blistered as I was called to 
a ' snatch ' breakfast." From the arrival of the Sixth Regi- 
ment in Washington on the 19th, owing to the suspension of 
trains and the cutting of telegraph wires, the capital was 
entirely cut off from communication with the northern world, 
except as a special messenger broke in on the 24th, until the 
arrival of the Seventh New York at noon of the 25th, at which 
time the Fifth was waiting in Annapolis. Some of the Eighth 
Regiment, which had blazed the way from Annapolis to the 
main line, had not shared the facilities of transportation 
afforded the New Yorkers and were ready to advance with 
their later arrived friends of the Fifth. 



WASHINGTON. 

Beyond the Junction, there were yet twenty-one miles to 
the capital, and though the Sixth and a part of the Eighth 
Massachusetts and the Seventh New York were there, the 
3 



3-i Fifth Regiment, M. A'. ^I., Three ^Months. 

force seemed small compared with what the enemy could 
easily concentrate against it. While feet were blistered from 
the experience of the daj' before, a considerable portion of 
the men started on, encountering similar obstacles to those 
of the 26th, but a long train of empty cars had been making 
its way slowly and cautiously from Washington, very likely 
the same vehicles that had convej^ed the soldiers of the day 
before to the rescue of the isolated city. As quickly as 
possible, the train was .started back again. Chroniclers of 
this progress of the Fifth Regiment vary in their accounts, 
one authority stating that the six companies which marched 
from Annapolis did not reach Washington until about 8 a.m. 
of the 27th. Evidently the careful keeper of a diary was 
absent in those days. Some of the men who rode claim that 
their party reached the capital Friday, the hour varying from 
noon to 2 o'clock p.m. and later; not improbable, since they 
rode the most of the way. The cars are described as open, 
platform vehicles, rickety, and exposed to smoke and cinders. 
Of those marching, one writes, " The dawn of Friday' finds 
the marchers twelve miles on their way, and at 9 a.m. they are 
at the Junction, i. e., some of them; the officers have disap- 
peared and the men are advancing in squads, one of which 
gets in as stated; the rest not arriving until two hours later. 
The record of eleven hours had beaten that of the Seventh N. Y. 
by fourteen hours. At 3 a.m. Saturday, the 27th, a start is 
made towards Washington on foot, but at 6 o'clock they 
board a freight train and ride the remaining distance. Nor 
is it probable that all went even then, since the Official 
Records of the Rebellion make Colonel Corcoran of the 69th 
N. Y. reporting on the 29th, and state that he found near the 
Junction Lieut. K. Stark (H) with a detail of thirty-seven 
men on guard. Whatever the precise hour and manner of 
their arrival, the men were quartered in the U. S. Treasury 
l)uilding, and there thej^ remained until sent across the Poto- 
mac towards the end of May. A double purpose was thus 
accomplished : the Treasury was well guarded and the troops 



April 29. '61. 



AVASHINCiTON. 



35 



were i>roperly housed, though it is chiimed that certain of 
the men contracted here coughs and colds that hung on for 
many a day. The baggage that was to follow the regiment 
did not appear until the 29th of April, on which day also th(^ 
regiment was honored by a visit from the President. 

The routine of work consistetl in patrol and sentry duty, 
not very hard of itself, but liable to become irksome if too 
often repeated. One seventeen years old youth records 
that he had l^een posted several times at an iron door that 
opened towards his station. Never having seen any one go 



..I fa 



op 



1 :m \ 



^imi 








• I I 'Jumf i i i » 



t^ \^'-{' '•«*i'"^'^ T^^ '^^ 









-^Ji 



REGIMENTAL KITCHEN— AN ANCU.K IN TREASURY INCLOSrRE 



through that passage and, being tired and sleepy, he closed 
the door, proceeded to lie down against it and went to sleep. 
Ere long his infraction of regulations was discovered, but 
instead of the outcry such an act might have occasioned, the 
judicious officer had a strong decoction of tea made and 
compelled the lad to drink about a quart of it, effectually 



3() Fifth Kec.imext, AI. \. M., Three ]\Ioxths. 

banishing all tendency to sleej), not only for the rest of the 
night, but for the next forty-eight hours. May 1st, the 
regiment marched to Jackson Square, where it was formally 
mustered into the service of the national Government b}' 
General Irvin McDowell, and also marched in review before 
the President at the White House. Officers recall seeing 
General Scott at a White House reception. It was while 
ciuartered in the Treasury building that the companies were 
relettered, thus acquiring the nomenclature by which they 
must go down through the ages. Of these days, Adam 
Gurowski in his famous Diary says: '' Regiments pour in; 
the Massachusetts men, of course, leading the van, as in the 
days of the tea-party. My admiration for the Yankees is 
justified at every step, as are my scorn, my contempt, etc., etc., 
of the southern chivalrous slaver." Lieut. Bowers (G), 
writing to his son, said: ''I wish j^ou could have been with 
me last night at Mr. Seward's. I should hke to have had you 
shake the strong, honest hand of the President. I did, and 
never did I have a heartier shake. He is all and more than I 
expected. Instead of being so homely (the accounts we have 
had had of his being so), he is one of the finest looking men 
I have met in Washington." 

Everywhere in Washington was apparent the fact that in 
laying out and building the city, no provision had been made 
for war. Though the Capitol had been burned during the 
War of 1812 by the British, the happy Americans had made 
no further attempt at defense, hence the evidence on every 
hand that the paths of peace must become those of possible 
hostilities. As early as the 18th of April, when the unarmed 
Pennsylvanians made their appearance in the city, " a new 
kind of deposit was made in the basement rooms of the Treas- 
ury building, in the shape of several hundred casks of middlings, 
barrels of white beans, sugar, sacks of coffee, etc., to supply the 
troops which were concentrating in Washington. It is not 
often that such commodities have storage in buildings of 
such elegant and costly architecture. In and around the 



May 11. '61. AVashington. 37 

General Post Office and public buildings also were 
stored hundreds of barrels of pork, and other army supplies 
from Baltimore and other points." Later the gorgeous Cap- 
itol itself, or certain portions of it, under the directions of a 
Massachusetts man,* was to be transformed into a monstrous 
bakery for the benefit of the teeming array of soldiers who 
had come to defend the honor of the nation. 

Nor were the provisions given out to these soldiers from 
Massachusetts altogether those described above, for friends 
at home took good care, when the lines of communication 
were again opened, to send to the boys, not exactly in camp, 
l)ut engaged in guarding the Treasury of the United States, 
specimens of what they were wont to enjoy w^hen under the 
ancestral roof. Record is found of the receipt of provisions 
l)y the steamer Cambridge on the 11th of May, sent by 
the marketmen of Boston. What visions of Faneuil Hall 
and Quincy Market their coming must have excited. Then, 
too, when a package of papers from the home village came, 
what eagerness to secure a copy. The larger dailies of New 
York and Philadelphia were not in the running at all with the 
country weekly. There seemed to l)e ample space for lodging, 
as soldiers are wont to rest, since a room sixty feet long and 
twenty wide, for two companies, gave liberal expanse in which 
to turn over; and what more could any one ask? 

It was while campingin the nation's financial storehouse that 
the universal " Passday " came. In those times permits to 
l)e away from quarters were issued on certain colored cards, 
and not with the care and precision of later times when 
experience, as a teacher, had got in its work. Private Pierce 
of ('ompany E, to l)e known through the later years of his 
life as " Farmer " Pierce, with his quick and observing eye 
had discovered where the officers had procured the cards thus 
employed. He at once Ijought enough to serve the company 
and coming back proceeded to pass out every man in said 

*Licut. T. .1. Cate, Co. V, Sixth Mass., Lowell, 



38 Fifth Kegimext, M. \'. ^NI., Three Months. 

coinpam". Naturally, the cry soon arose, '' What has become 
of the men of E?" and it seemed that not one was in sight. 
On their return the passes appeared to be 0. K., but a new- 
system of issuing these privileges ensued at once. The subse- 
(juent efficient member of the Signal Corps escaped un- 
punished for his liberal distribution of " tickets of leave. " 

All of the possible activities of military life were resorted to, 
that the men might not grow homesick through inaction; 
a picture, still extant, with all of the stiffness of a wood-cut, 
portrays the regiment charging up a steep incline of the 
Capitol grounds just to show the men what they might have 
to do under possible circumstances. The drills to which 
the men were subjected, directed as they were by such skillful 
officers as Colonels Lawrence and Greene, were training 
hundreds of them, not so much for immediate service as for 
that of the coming years, when a very large number were to 
reappear in all parts of the country and in all branches of 
military dut}' amply equipped, through this severe regimen, 
to serve as commissioned officers. There were many churches 
in Washington, and the most of the men proved their proper 
rearing by seeking the sanctuaries individually and sometimes 
in squads and companies. Target practice was another 
useful manner of employing the soldier's time, extra effort 
at precision Ix'ing secured by the offering of prizes. 

A letter, written May 19th, gives this comprehensive 
scheme of daily life in camp: " A. M., reveille, 5 o'clock; 
company-drill, G to 7; breakfast, 7; guard mount, 8; surgeon's 
call, 8.15; company drill, 8.30; squad drill, 10 to 11; target- 
practice, 11 to 12 M.; dinner, 1 P. M.: company drill, 2 to 
3; battalion drill, 3.30 to 6; supper, 7, with tattoo at 9 o'clock. 
We are marched over rough, stony and muddy ground, over 
ditches and up steep banks thirty feet high, at double-quick 
time, that we ma,y become accustomed to maneuvering upon 
uneven ground; Friday (17) we marched down Pennsylvania 
Axcnuc. foriucd in line in front of the National Hotel and were 






^yf 








40 



Fifth Regiment, ]\I. ^^ M., Three Months. 



reviewed b}' General Butler, who appeared highly pleased with 
our promptness." • 

While Washington was filling up with soldier}' from all 
parts of the north, the Virginia side of the Potomac was in 
rebel hands. Within plain sight of the Capitol, enemies 
of the nation were disporting themselves at their own will, 
and Alexandria, once a part of the District of Columbia, 
was a hotbed of secession. If there were any loyal people 
there, they had to be exceedinglj' careful not to let their 
feelings be known. From the roof of the Marshall House 
floated a Ijanner of the foe, and had the secessionists possessed 
as much real determination as they constantly asserted, there 
would have been a movement of their soldiery across the Long 




Bridge weeks before the Union forces anticipated any such 
act on their part. How far they might have gone in their 
effort to enter Washington can never be known, though the 
probability is that their advance would have been vigorously 
opposed. In brag and bluster the North was a very poor 
second to the South, whose . press, from Richmond to New 
Orleans, demanded the immediate capture of the Federal 
City. On the part of the North, possibly the most graphic 
repl}^ was the " war-time " envelope bearing in its upper 
left corner the figure of a large dog having unmistakably the 



May 19, '61. Washington. 41 

well-known face of General Scott, his paw upon a large bone, 
labeled Washington, regarding a lean and evidently hungry 
canine, while from his mouth stream the words, " Why 
don't you take it?" 

Of these days, Lieut. WllUams (F) tells the following: 

Co. F drilled each morning on the green back of the White 
House in Company movements and skirmish drill and the 
regiment on the land where the " Smithsonian " building 
is now. From the upper windows in the back of our house 
opposite the National Hotel, we could see the rebel flag 
flying on the Marshall House at Alexandria, and Charles E. 
Fuller, who was waiting for his commission as Captain and 
Quartermaster U. S. A. to be made out, said, " Boys, if you 
will meet me tomorrow night off the upper wharf in Alexan- 
dria I will go down there in the morning and get that flag 
and meet you there after dark." This we agreed to do, and 
after roll-call four of us officers and four of the men of our 
Compan^y took a boat from below^ the long bridge and rowed 
down to the appointed place. Awaiting some time, one of 
the men attempted to change places with another and made 
such a noise as to attract the attention of the Quartermaster 
of the U. S. Ship, Harriet Lane, and we were ordered aboard 
much to our disgust. The Captain kept us until almost 
morning and we had a hard time to get back to quarters 
before roll-call in the morning. Fuller got his flag all right, 
but some one informed Jackson that his flag was down and 
he rushed out of the office, and met Fuller coming down the 
stairs with the flag buttoned up in his coat. Jackson took 
the flag away and also Fuller's pistols and said, " The next 
man that takes down that flag is a dead man;" and that man 
was Col. Ellsworth. 

It was impossible, even if desirable, that active young men 
would always be absolutely within the bounds of decorum, 
military or otherwise. Tradition has it that on one of 
these days of waiting and preparation a party of five men 
from Company B went over Long Bridge. One of the party, 
H. W. Eustis, shot a small hawk on the wing with his pistol; 
obtaining a l)oat the bird was secured. The incident evi- 
dently aroused the curiosity of two reliel ]")ickets who 



42 Fifth Regiment,' M. \'. M.. Three Months. 

were stationed near the Mrginia end of the bridge. One of 
the pickets asked who had fired so excellent a shot, saying 
that it Avas a remarka])le one; whereupon Corporal Sweetser 
replied, pointing to Private Eustis, " That's the man and 
he's the poorest shot in the company." 

Whatever part of a company might he allowed out at night, 
every one was expected in at " taps " or before, all delinquents 
being subject to arrest. However, few soldiers of actual 
service failed, at some time in their career, to " run the guard," 
or at least try to. Three privates came up Pennsylvania Avenue 
under the light of a glorious full moon, not in the least disposed 
to " turn in, " even if it was time for " lights out. " " Let's 
stay out beyond time," says one of the mischievous boys. 
" The guard will let us in when we come back. " All agreeing, 
they set off for a two hours' stroll through parts of the city, 
not on the avenue. When they finally came back, it was 
to find Captain Peirson, Officer of the Da}', making his rounds. 
The guard kindly " put them wise " and thej' ran around to 
the White House side of the building, jum])ed the fence and 
sought to use the rear entrance of the corridor, but the Captain 
was vigilant and their gray uniforms with three rows of Inittons 
were very conspicuous. They were still thirty feet away 
when the Captain called out, asking if they were of the Fifth, 
to which one of the lads promptly replied "Yes." To the 
further order to come in the bo3\s declared their willingness 
if they could lie assured of not being put in the guard-house. 
Of course the officer would make no such promise, so one of 
the soldiers shouting. "Come on, boys," they ran to the 
horse-sheds, filled with the greenest of new steeds, where they 
were in imminent danger of being kicked -into " smithereens," 
the Captain, however, valorously following. Fairly caught, 
the lads gave u]), and two of them were collared and walked 
along towards the building, the third scamp following. On 
the wa>- up the stairs one of the boys in leading suddenly 
dropped out of ihv chitclK's of his captor. The latter made 
sure of the l)ird in hand and (le])osited him in the "under-the- 



44 Fifth Regiment, ]\I. V. ^I., Three Months. 

roof" ji;uard-hous(^ and then sought the others, who had hurried 
to their quarters. One freeing himself of his uniform was too 
much hke his fellows to be identified, while the other, pausing 
to talk to the boy on guard, lost time, so was still in his full 
dress when the Captain tried to waken him from his simulated 
sleep. At this moment someone sang out, " Put out the 
lights," and in the ensuing darkness there was another escape, 
and the culprit, finding a fellow soldier wilHng to let him take 
his place on guard, effectually evaded the pursuing officer. 
Later all three of these mischievous fellows served their 
country' well, all of them wearing shoulder straps, all the 
better officers through their own experience as privates. As 
a guest of the subsequent General Peirson, many years after- 
wards, the leader of the escapade was told by the quondam 
Captain, " You came near having me kicked to death by 
those animals." 

It was of these Treasury-building days that Dr. S. G. Howe, 
the famous philanthropist, wrote to friends at home, bearing 
particularly on Captain Prescott of Co. G, saying, " There 
will be many captains (referring to Massachusetts troops, 
generally) like the one I could name in the Massachusetts 
Fifth, the stalwart man, every inch of whose six feet is of the 
soldier stamp, the captain who eschews hotel dinners and 
takes every meal with his men, eating only what they eat ; 
who is their resolute and rigid commander when on duty, 
l)nt their kind and faithful companion when off duty; who 
lies down with them upon the bare ground or floor and. if 
there be not blankets enough for all, refuses to use one himself; 
who often gets up in the night and draws the blanket over any 
half-covered sleeper and carries water to the feverish and 
thirsty; the man who is like a father as well as a captain of 
his soldiers." Captain Prescott also obtained a deal of 
praise from his men for the successful manner in which he 
reproved a young West Pointer for his profanity when 
drilling these Concord ])oys. The Captain knew the rules 



May 24, '61. Washington. 45 

of propriety and duly told the youngster where his duty lay. 
The lesson was salutary for both officer and men. 

For more than a month Union troops had been assembling 
in Washington, and they had done nothing towards driving 
the rebellious people across the Potomac to a more respectful 
distance. It was becoming apparent that if the Federal 
forces did not cross the stream and fortify the several heights 
on the Virginia side, the enemy would. It is recorded that 
(xeneral Butler had told General Scott that Manassas ought 
to be seized and held, that the capital could be defended 
better from that point than from the near-by ranges of hills 
opposite the city. To this suggestion, however, the aged 
officer turned a deaf ear. As time advanced and the people 
began to wonder why no blow w^as struck, it became necessary 
for something to be done, hence came, on the early morning 
of the 24th of May, the general advance into rebellious 
territory, the intention being to have simultaneous movements 
across the Chain, Aqueduct and Long bridges with a crossing 
of the river by steamer and transport to Alexandria. Between 
four and five o'clock in the morning of the 24th, the Baltimore 
and Mt. Vernon, having on board the New York Fire Zouaves 
(Eleventh N. Y. Infantry), Colonel E. E. Ellsworth, drew 
up at the wharves of Alexandria. 

The tragedy of the Marshall House, where the young 
Colonel of the Fire Zouaves went to his early death at the 
hands of the landlord, J. W. Jackson, it is no part of this 
history to portray save as it serves as a preface to the intro- 
duction of our regiment to Virginia. It was yet early morning 
when the flag was secured from the roof of the hotel and its 
captor met his death, and consternation reigned in all directions, 
though the extent of the misfortune was carefully withheld 
from the men of Colonel Ellsworth's regiment; indeed, they 
were in the main confined to their transport in mid-stream 
lest they, in their grief, might pillage and fire the city through 
revenge. The body of the fallen officer was carried to Wash- 
ington and, at the request of President Lincoln, who had 



46 Fifth Regiment, M. \'. M., Three Months. 

formed a warm attachment for the Colonel, lay in state in 
the East Room of the White House, where immense throngs 
of people gazed upon the features of the deceased. The 
funeral was at noon of the 25th, the first of hundreds of a 
military character to follow in AVashington. 

Several men of the Fifth attended the funeral, including 
Colonel Lawrence, who was present as one of the pall-bearers. 
As the funeral cortege, on its way to the depot, passed the 
Treasury building, there was an opportunity for all not on 
duty to behold the scene. Rumor, ever active, was particu- 
larly so in those days, and the report came that an attack 
from the direction of Alexandria was imminent. Orders are 
said to have come very early from General J. K. F. Mansfield 
for the regiment to be ready to march in " fighting rig " at 
a moment's warning. 

While in the procession accompanying the remains of the 
Alexandria martyr to the station, the President was informed 
by a courier, riding in great haste, of " stirring hostilities " on 
the Virginia side of the Potomac. General Mansfield, com- 
manding the Department of Washington, had been similarly 
informed, and very likely his alarming earlier message to the 
regiment was one of the results. Dense smoke was seen and 
cannonading was heard. The latter proved to be funeral 
minute guns, and the smoke came from not over brisk camp- 
fires. But this solution of indications was not known until 
the command " Fall-in!" resounded through the camp. 
With the utmost enthusiasm the men responded to the orders, 
including several who had been excused from duty by the 
surgeon. All grasped their muskets with alacrity and zeal, 
and in fifteen minutes' time the regiment was moving at a 
double quick to meet the foe. The commander was Major 
Keyes, the Colonel being still detained as a bearer. 

Says a participant: "We double-quicked down Pennsyl- 
vania Avenue, and so on to Long Bridge, which we struck 
with a swing that I shall always remember. We were full 
of enthusiasm, and we hit that old bridge with a cadence step 



\l.\\ 2o. '61 Alexandria. 47 

which we maintained until near the niitklle of its length. We 
were new to such experience, were entirely ignorant of the 
effect of rhythmic motion on suspended structures, but if 
we had not held up about the time we did, there would have 
been a fall of the bridge and a sudden plunge bath for a large 
part of the Fifth Regiment." 

ALEXANDRIA. 

Notwithstanding the haste of the departure from the camp, 
the traditional halt and wait occurred on the bridge, where for 
two long hours men wondered what it was all about. Some 
said the " draw " was up, others just guessed. Though the 
regiment did touch the " sacred soil " of Old Virginny, it 
was not for long, since the orders to countermarch were soon 
heard, and the Long Bridge was recrossed, with the Treasury 
building as the terminus of the trip. Our army in Flanders 
that marched up the hill and then marched down again was 
perfectly imitated by these Bay State boys and, for that 
matter, l)y the sons of other states as well, since the return 
was made by several organizations, those in command appar- 
ently being quite uncertain of their own minds. It was on 
this day, and when the hurried departure was had, that 
General Winfield Scott, that famous relic of the days of more 
than half a century before, yet still in command of the armies, 
was seen by some of these young soldiers whose fathers had 
voted for him in 1852 when he was the Whig candidate for 
the Presidency. They gazed admiringly on his gigantic 
stature and his kindly face, and possibly some of them won- 
dered whether, had he been elected instead of Franklin Pierce, 
the national outlook would have been altered. There were 
disappointed men among those who stacked their guns once 
more within the walls of the Treasury building; they had 
expected a sight of the enemy. 

Still their stay was not so very long, since that very evening 
there came the summons to the ^'irginia shore again, and 



•!m:i^:tM 




HW ^^^^Z] 



May 25, '61. Alexandria. 49 

this time it was to stay. The orders were not so hurried 
nor peremptory as those of mid-day, and under the command 
of Colonel Lawrence the Fifth once more set its front towards 
the foe. One chronicler writes that it was 10.30 in the 
evening that the regiment, obedient to orders, filed out of 
its quarters, occupied for about one month, and with the 
welcome plaudit of " Well done " from General Mansfield, 
the Long Bridge was approached for the third time within 
twelve hours. These novices in military matters were to 
learn most thoroughly, in their ensuing two months of service, 
that " orders " are not always what they seem. 

It was while crossing the bridge this third time that 
ensued a memorable incident in the history of the regiment. 
When the soldiers filed out of the Treasury building and quick- 
ly formed in line, certain Massachusetts men, interested 
observers of their militant fellow citizens, discovered that 
the organization had only the State color, the national ensign 
not having been presented on leaving Boston. These gentle- 
men, the Hon. G. W. McClelland, A. W. Fletcher, Captain 
Perkins and J. Wesley Jones, began a search for " Stars and 
Stripes." Happily their search was shortened by the kindness 
of Mr. J. D. Hammack, who consented to sell to them a new 
cashmere flag of the finest quality which the ladies had made 
for his hotel. Securing a carriage, the benefactors overtook 
the regiment midway of the bridge. Colonel Lawrence, who 
was at the right of the regiment, naturally hastened back to 
find what was occasioning confusion in the line. 

The surprise of the officer may be imagined when the 
committee stepped forward and unfurled to the breezes of 
the Potomac a beautiful banner, which they presented to him 
and through him to the men whom he commanded, the 
presentation being made by Mr. J. W. Jones in these words: — 

Soldiers of Massachusetts! A title rendered illustrious in 
the early struggle for freedom on this continent, and now 
established by your prompt and heroic inauguration of the 

4 



.■)() Fifth Regiment, AI. \ . 'SI., Three ^Months. 

present war for the Union, is the ]:»roudest title an>- eitiz(ni 
of the world can bear. 

Soldiers of Massachus(?tts! With honor you Imve Ijorne 
the beautiful ensign of your native state, even within the 
confines of the enemies of human freedom. Having rendered 
the capital of our beloved country safe, you now march towards 
the (nilf! — ready " to do and to dare " for the true and the 
right, which is your country's cause and that of liberty. And 
we bring you now and here, on this dividing line between 
loyalty and treason, the flag of our common country — the 
flag of the forever United States. 

Soldiers! Thus far your deeds are matters of history, and 
noble acts. But- we come to give expression to the feeling 
of pride which we have as Massachusetts men, at the uni- 
versal praise accorded, by all the citizens of AVashington, for 
your gentlemanly l^earing and noble conduct while quar- 
tered in the capital. Not a single complaint has been made 
by any citizen of Washington, friend or foe, of any uncivil 
act by any Massachusetts volunteer. Bearing this high rep- 
utation, you now advance, not as a concjuering army to 
subjugate^ and enslave, but as the advance guard of the grand 
liberating army of deliverances, bearing the '' Stars " of hope 
to the oppressed lovers of li)3erty in the South and the 
" Stripes " of justice to all their traitorous oppressors. For, 
bear in mind that though ycu will contend with desperate 
villains of the darkest hue, assassins and poisoners, and per- 
jured traitors, there are yet millions of the white race in the 
South who, like good old Daniel, daily, with their hands 
outstretched towards the heavens, and their faces eastward, 
pray God for a sight of your advancing columns as their only 
salvation from a bondage worse than death, an oppression 
more terrible than Siberian convict rule. As soon as these 
no])le men shall dare to speak, your hands will be strengthened 
and your hearts cheered. Go on, then, ye heralds of civiliza- 
tion, establishing in your march the church, the school-house, 
the Bible and the Constitution as the onlj' sure foundation 
of human liberty. In your veins flows the blood which en- 
sanguined the plains of Lexington and Concord, and ren- 
dered immortal the heights of Bunker Hill, and which has 
rebaptized the cause of human liberty in the streets of Balti- 
more. With you, we can trust this glorious flag, assured 
that it will be borne to higher places of honor, and will never 
cease its triumphant march until every secession symbol 



May 2<i, 'Gl. Alexandria. ol 

.shall have been trampled in the dust, and every traitorous en- 
emy shall have been hung in mid-heaven, or be forever exiled 
from the land which he has cursed. Bear this flag on every 
battle-field for liberty, guard it well and long, until it shall 
forever wave " o'er the land of the free " and no home of a 
slare .' 

To this eloquent address the Colonel responded briefly 
though feelingly, receiving the flag from the hands of his 
friends and thanking them both for himself and for the men 
whom he led. The men themselves gave three rousing 
cheers and, with the heartiest of God's blessings for the 
generous donors, there was soon heard again the command 
" Forward!" " The night was perfect; a full moon just 
mounting the eastern sky cast its silver}^ sheen over the 
rippling waters of the majestic Potomac, and sparkled on 
the bayonets of a thousand muskets. Campfires and signal 
lights dotted the hills on lioth sides, making a picture of quiet 
lieauty never to be forgotten." 

For all northern soldiers, the Potomac was the Rubicon, 
and that stream surely was passed when, with their new stan d 
of colors, the men of the Fifth entered Virginia. Reports 
differ as to the distance covered that night, but evidently they 
were near enough to Alexandria to warrant the curious lads 
from Massachusetts to inspect whatever part of the city they 
could reach. The 26th was Sunday, and the regiment, for 
greater convenience in camp, moved back about half a mile, 
filling a gap. General Sandford said, between the Twelfth N. Y. 
and Alexandria, near a muddy stream which the boys on 
bathing bent discovered to be filled with water-snakes, the 
camp receiving the appellation of " Camp Andrew," in honor 
of the Governor of the Commonwealth. Some antiquarian 
of the force discovered that the ground had been occupied in 
Revolutionary <lays by General Washington and that careful 
search revealed traces of his fortifications. As a matter of 
fact, the' distinguished leader saw very little of this particular 
section in those times. His pew in the Alexandria church 



52 Fifth Regiment, M. \'. M.. Three Months. 

the soldiers saw and occupied. It was here that a detach- 
ment of men, left in Washington to look after l)aggage, etc., 
came up and rejoined the regiment. An immediate detail 
was sent into the city for guard duty, and in some way the 
Fifth was represented there as long as it stayed in the vicinit}'. 
It was of this first stop that Lieut. Williams (F) states: " I was 
detailed with a guard to take an advanced post where the 
railroad crossed the road. The next morning early I could 
see a carriage coming down the road with an officer in uniform, 
so I turned out the guard and presented arms to a Major 
General, who proved to be N. P. Banks, Jr., our Ex-Governor. 
When informed that the guard was of the Fifth Massachusetts, 
he said, ' That is good.' On my advising him not to go 
further, he turned back to Washington." 

Work upon the extensive fortifications, in a few months to 
completely surround the District of Columbia, was early 
begun and, on the 28th, details of men wended their way to 
the top of Shuter's Hill to commence the erection of one of 
the most extensive of all the forts that eventually crowned the 
summit of every prominence near the capital. Covering 
several acres of area, commanding the entire vicinity, the 
superintending engineer in its construction was Lieut. Geo W. 
Snyder of the Corps of Engineers, regular army. He had 
been with Major Anderson in the defense of Fort Sumter 
and was brevetted Captain for bravery there. He was No. 
1 in the Class of 1856, West Point, in which General Geo. D. 
Bayard, k. at Fredericksburg, Dec. 14, '62, was No. 11 and 
Fitzhugh Lee, of subseciuent fame, was No. 45, there being 
forty-nine in the class. Lieut. Snyder was brevetted Major for 
gallantry and merit during the Manassas campaign, from whose 
exposures he was furloughed until Nov. 17, '61, when he died in 
Washington at the early age of 28 years. Started so soon 
after the melancholy' ending of Colonel Ellsworth, what more 
natural than that the new defense should bear his name ? 
Working with the Fifth in this unwonted occupation of 
digging, were regular details from the First Michigan, which 



May 29, '61. Alexandria. 53 

was camped nearer Alexandria; Fourth and Fifth Pennsylvania 
and the Eleventh New York, Ellsworth's regiment. It is said 
that men of the 1st Minnesota also shoveled dirt in this impor- 
tant earthwork. The New Yorkers were camped, practically, 
on the hill itself, and the Fire Zouaves ought to have worked 
with a will on the commemorative fort whose trenches and 
embankments, angles and complete outlines are in this 1910 
still in admirable preservation, a magnificent relic of fifty 
years ago. The level area between the fort and the brow of 
the hill looking towards Washington is now used by a golf 
club, and the Free Masons of Alexandria have secured a por- 
tion as the site for another monument to the memory of 
Washington, the corner-stone already being in place. 

A map of the period places the Fifth Massachusetts rela- 
tively near Alexandria, with the camp between the railroad 
and the Chesapeake canal, thus accounting perhaps for the 
sluggishness of the stream which one of the scribes of the regi- 
ment noted. The camp of William Tecumseh Sherman's bat- 
tery was a little south of a direct line from Camp Andrew to 
Shuter's Hill, where were had the daily digging stunts and whence 
in the westward distance could lie plainly seen the steeple of 
Fairfax Seminary, then in the hands of the enemy. Three 
hundred men with three hours' work each day, along with 
similar application on the part of other regiments, told rai)idly 
and the frowning ramparts speedily took form and shape. 
Though, in the main, novices in the use of pick and shovel, 
like Massachusetts men, wherever placed, these adapted 
themselves to the situation and more than earned their limited 
wages. May 27th General Irvin MfcDowell of the regular 
army was put in command of all the Union forces in Virginia, 
and Colonel Charles P. Stone was ordered from Washington 
to Alexandria to succeed Colonel (). B. Wilcox of the First 
Michigan, though Stone was soon relieved by Colonel S. P. 
Heinzelman of the regulars and whom it was the fortune ot 
the Fifth to follow later at Bull Run. On the 29th came 
orders to be readv to move at a moment's warning. 



54 Fifth Regimext, M. \'. M., Three Months. 

Though the call was not immediate, it came on the 3d of 
June, when the regiment moved "d a little ? _%ier to the city 
and planted itself about a quavtl ''of a mi e to the southward 
of the fort on which the men had^i^penued so much strength. 
Reaching this point at 6 o'clock p.m., the new camp was 
dubbed " Massachusetts " for obvious reasons, and this was 
t.hp> "•"" finia home of the men until the march was taken 
-^' to Bull Run. Incessant rains made duty of every 

so t'meh' difficult, and men on guard were subjected 

to nt annoyance over the frequency of alarms. June 

j'' J bil of a hundred men was sent into Alexandria, under 

ti' Mand of Lieutenant Shepard, Co. B, the latter receiv- 

i^ f.'M^pointment of Provost Marshal. For some time, 
a^Uvii>4i/t*iiy was sent each day into the city to act as guards, 
being stationed at street corners to examine passes and main- 
tain a general supervision of the city's well being. Picket 
duty called the men to the outlying country, Falls Church 
beingthe limit in that direction, and here one night the man on 
post had a distinguished visitor in the person of Vice President 
Hannibal Hamlin, the gentleman being anxious to see how a 
rebel looked at short range. 

On one dark, stormy night a private found himself posted 
at the jail steps with no visible communication with other 
posts, but his remonstrance availed him nothing. He had been 
instructed, if attacked, to discharge his gun and run for quar- 
ters. Having, besides his rifle, a five-chambered revolver, the 
sentry made up his mind not to run. The situation was lonely 
enough to the bo}^, the hour past midnight; every bush was 
surely an enemy, until lightning revealed the contrary. Said 
lightning also suddenly changed a seeming man, approaching, 
into an overgrown dog that the sentinel was about to challenge. 
Coaxing the animal to him, he was forcibly retained by the 
sentry's suspenders, temporarily detached for such purpose, 
and with this canine society, the darkness seemed more toler- 
al)le. Between 1 and 2 a. m. came a very smart officer with 
the grand round, who. to the guardsman's challenge, returned 



June 3, '51. Alexandria. 



oo 



the wrong word, evidently to try the knowledge and nerve of 
the boy. 1., 'atter was behind a telegraph pole and 1'" 
^ response was for t'-e offict t to stir a step from his tff» 
X^^ or he would be shoi Ome more a hghtning-flash rev 
ot'^'the soldier with leveled musket ready to fire, wherein 
■^""officer said he would like to approach and give the ti- 
but he was told that if he moved, he did so at his 
there he had to stay until the " relief, " certainly 
case, came around and released him, but the sei' as 

complimented on dress-parade for his faithfulness 

The slave-pen of Price and Birch, made famous *■ 

the entire North through the "Life of Solomon NortU' i.s 

within the points covered by the men of the Fi^ ^e 

most of them carried away with them memories of theid s- 

sions when they first saw the hateful sign. Though they may 
not have seen the sale of human beings from the auction-block, 
they did see where such iniquity was practiced, and they were 
only too glad to act in any way which should enhance the con- 
dition of the black man and therebj^ trouble the slave holder. 
From this place the boys took a colored man, for whom only 
one name had been found up to this time, and that was "John." 
The man became a great favorite with the members of the regi- 
ment, and attaching himself to the person of Captain Brastow 
of Co. I as a body servant he returned to Massachusetts with 
the latter and remained in Somerville until, hearing from his 
wife in the South, he joined her there. In the regiment the 
negro was almost as well known as the Captain. On the 13th 
of June, when on battalion-drill, Colonel Lawrence greatly 
pleased his men by telling them of the engagement at Big 
Bethel, where the Fourth Massachusetts had exhibited distin- 
guished bravery. Three cheers were given with a will and 
then, closed in mass by companies, the regiment charged upon 
an imaginary enemy. 

It was while the Fifth was in Camp Massachusetts that 
Colonel Lawrence and Lieut. -colonel Greene were presented 
with handsome steeds, duly caparisoned for war for their use 



;)6 Fifth He(;iment, M. \'. M., Three Months. 

during the approaching campaign. The New York Express 
thus tells the story: "Elias Howe, Jr., of New York, the sewing 
machine millionaire, presented each field and staff officer of 
the Massachusetts Fifth Regiment a stallion, fully equipped 
for service." Evidently the number was a little in excess of 
the truth, l)ut the latter was good indeed. The inventor of 
that most useful machine, himself a native of Spencer, Mass., 
had not forgotten his native State, and feats of generosity were 
as characteristic of him then as when later himself a member 
(private) of the Seventeenth Connecticut Infantry, he ad- 
vanced monej' to pay off the entire regiment. 

Venus, C'upid and Mars are alike of celestial origin, hence 
it would be impossible for a regiment of men to camp long in 
the Virginia regions without some incident introducing the 
winged god and those at whom his arrows fly. A certain 
maiden from the direction of Leesburg brought milk to the 
camp of the Fifth. She was not exactly handsome, being too 
large and freckled, but she was a woman, and that was enough 
for at least two impressionable youths from the Bay State. 
One of the boys professed to be deeply smitten and was invited 
to call with his friend. She said she had a piano and that she 
could sing and play. The young men went, found the piano, 
the thinnest specimen of its kind they had ever seen, placed 
under the front stairs and altogether lacking in music, but the 
girl thought to the contrary and hammered away, to the dis- 
traction of her callers. Neither of the boys was a very good 
singer, but they essayed to sing " Oh, how could a poor gypsy 
countess like me," going through the motions of laying their 
fortunes at her feet. The discord was terrible, but the maiden 
thought she had made a Yankee conquest sure. How long 
she sighed for her faithless lovers, they never knew. 

Friday, June 14th, brought distinguished visitors to the 
camp in the ]iersons of President Lincoln and his Secretaries 
of War and the Treasur.y, Messrs. Simon Cameron and Salmon 
P. Chase. Of this visit, a letter written the day following has 
this description : 



June 1(5, '(il. Alexandria. 57 

We have had two quite exciting days. Yesterday, Presi- 
dent Lincohi and Secretaries Chase and Cameron honored 
Camp Massachusetts with their presence, and the President 
reviewed the regiment. He expressed himself as higlily grat- 
ified at the splendid appearance and drill of the Fifth, and 
said that Massachusetts might well be proud of it and its 
efficient Commander. And, by the way, in speaking of Colonel 
Lawrence as a drill officer, one of our best colonels in the regu- 
lar army, after witnessing the drill yesterday, d(>clared it 
the most perfect and effective drill he had seen in the volun- 
teer militia, with especial reference to the doul)le-(iuick move- 
ments and the change of column in mass. To-day the Alex- 
andria brigade, with tht- Massachusetts Fifth on the right, 
paraded through the city, greatly to the dismay of the seces- 
sionists at the grand display. Some of the more timid re- 
tired to their homes, and tremblingly averred they never saw 
so many soldiers before. The Fifth was praised at every 
point, and even citizens at heart secessionists smile upon 
the Fifth; for, by their gentlemanly conduct and soldierly 
bearing, they have won respect and are called by them, " The 
Steady Fifth." The l)oys are fully equipped, every man 
having forty rounds of cartridges, and the regiment daily 
expects orders to advance farther into Virginia. The C'olonel 
and his entire command are in fine health and excellent 
spirits, and the people of Massachusetts may rest assured 
that the Fifth will give a good account of itself in the approach- 
ing conflict. 



Writing on the 16th day of June, Lieut. Bowers (G) had 
this to offer concerning events in Camp Massachusetts: 

Yesterday, the brigade paraded for the first time and 
marched through Alexandria. It made a very imposing 
demonstration. The effect upon the few secessionists left 
there was salutary. It was entirely unexpected to them and 
they thought we were on the march to Manassas. Many of 
the women who have ])rotheri-, sons and husbands in the 
southern army were in tears. It was a solemn sight and 
made a deep impression. I send you the latest speech made 
by our orator, Asa Melvin. He ga\-e it last Friday evening, 
and it is as follows: 



58 Fifth KECiiMENT, M. \'. ]\[., Three Months. 

■' Davis it? a traitor, Davis is a thief ! 

Davis steals from Uncle Sam, 
But soon he'll come to grief. 

Abe will go to Da\is' house, 
.\nd if he hasn't fled, 

One of the Concord butcher boys 
^^'ill chop off Davis's head." 

Tills, spoki'ii in Asa's inimitable style, made a'gocxl deal of 
sport . 

June 17thl While the date may awaken some quickening 
thoughts in eveiy Massachusetts man's mind, it means 
almost all the other patriotic days of the year rolled into one 
to the Charlestown born, especially if he happens to be along 
in the impressionable years. Though the regiment had been 
routed out of sleep at 2 o'clock in the morning by a false 
report of the approach of the enemy, the two ('harlestown 
companies were none the less prepared for the celebration on 
which they had lotted, and for which they had made due 
preparations. In a neighbcjring grove they had spreatl a dinner 
and, after a parade, they repaired thither and partook of their 
feast with speeches commemorative of Bunker Hill, having 
as special guests, the field, staff and company officers. The 
next day, the 18th, brought to the South Reading Companj- 
(B) a number of home visitors in the person of Dr. S. O. Rich- 
ardson and his son, S. O., Jr., Captain Geo. O. Carpenter, 
Thomas Emerson, Charles Copeland and John Betume. 
The company greeted the Captain and Dr. Richardson with 
three rousing cheers and the entire party dined with the sol- 
diers, all enjoying certain delicacies not often seen in camp. 
There Avas also, this day, a grand review of troops on the race 
course near the Virginia end of the Long Bridge. Of this 
parade, the Harper's Weekly of July 6th, with accompanying 
double-paged illustration, says, " It was the greatest military 
display ever witnessed in this country. About 8000 troops 
were on the field, the reviewing officer being Simon C'ameron, 
the Secretary of War." Our Fifth Massachusetts was there 
ak)ng with three icgiments from New Jersev, as nianv from 



June 25. '61. Alexandria. 59 

New York and the Fifth Pennsylvania. In the large picture, 
Arlington, the long time home of General Robert E. Lee 
appears in the background. 

A slight touch of real war was had on the 20th when a skir- 
mish arose on the outskirts of the city, in which a young Con- 
federate, a sargeant, was shot, but whose body was not carried 
off by his comrades. Men of Company E brought it in, along 
with five or six men whom they had captured in the brush. 
The sergeant looked like a man not accustomed to work, 
evidently of the better element in the South. Among letters 
found in his pocket was one from his sister, saying that she 
would send to him the rubber cover of her piano to serve him 
for a blanket, a use that the missiles of the Union men had 
prevented. He was well armed, having two nice pistols, one 
of which had never been loaded. Private Beckwith of B, in 
his rummaging around, found a heavy iron hand-cuff used in 
restraining slaves and duly sent it home to South Reading, 
long an object of curiosity to the dwellers there. 

Tuesday, June 25th, at dress-parade Lieut. -colonel Greene, 
Major Keyes and Adjutant Barri, having been promoted to 
positions in the regular army, took leave of the regiment, ex- 
pressing their regret at leaving the men and trusting, into 
whatever peril war might direct them, that they would sus- 
tain their honor and credit. This separation was viewed with 
a deal of regret by the entire regiment, the officers being 
splendidly equipped for their respective places and all of 
them, as will be seen by reference to the roster, to fall u])()n 
the battle-field in later months. It was not strange that a 
numerously signed letter to Senator Henry Wilson was sent 
requesting him to use his influence in retaining these officers 
in the Fifth until its term was over, but it seems that nothing 
came of the effort. To their efficiency, the regiment owed 
much, and all were ready to express hearty appreciation. 

July, the third and final month of the Fifth's first term of 
service, began on Monday and the continuetl drill to wiiich 
the men had been subjected ))ore excellent fruit in a degre(> 



60 Fifth Regiment, M. \ . M., Three Months. 

of proficiency in which the men themselves took particular 
pride. Wednesday, the 3d, the regiment set up in front of the 
(^olonel's quarters a fine flag-pole, that the same might be 
ready for the morrow. This day also marked the camping 
near by of the 1st Minnesota, a regiment which in coming 
years is to win imperishable fame. Its men had a^part, though 
a small one, in the construction of Fort Ellsworth. While the 
celebration of June 17th was, in a manner, restricted to the 
Charlestown companies, there was nothing of a local character 
in the way all hands united in doing honor to the ever glorious 
Fourth. 

There was never a time when the spirit of mischief did 
not assert itself under due provocation. Fun that does 
not annoy someone is hardly sufficient for many, hence the 
commotion that spread through the camp on the night be- 
fore. The officer in whose charge the keeping of the camp 
was could not cover all of the points at once, hence it was 
not long before the sinks and the cook-houses were ablaze. 
Of course, no one knew who the offenders were, but when, 
on the day itself, instead of celebrating with their fellows, 
certain roistering youths were put on police duty to repair 
damages, those who looked on observed that probably few 
mistakes had l)een made in the detail. 

Sunrise beheld the men marching to the flag-staff, where the 
national colors were flung out with enthusiastic cheering. 
For two hours there was band music in front of regimental 
head(|uarters. At noon, after forming line on the parade 
ground, the men marched to the shade of a great tree, formed 
a square, with Colonel Lawrence and staff within. After 
prefiminary remarks l)y the Colonel, all listened to the read- 
ing of the Declaration of Independence by Chaplain De 
('osta, who follow(>d with an appropriate prajer, while every 
one united in the singing of America and the Star Spangled 
Banner. The firing of thirty-four guns called attention to 
the number of states, then in or out of the Union, while an 
admiral)le address bv Colonel Lawrence touched on a varietv 



July 4, '61. x\lexani)ria. 61 

of subjects pertinent to the regiment and the oecasion. His 
remarks drew forth rousing applause from the men, ae(H)m- 
panied by cheers for the Stars and Stripes. 

The next move was to dinner, where the accustomed monot- 
ony was varied by such unusual dishes as roast lamb, green 
peas and other luxuries. The evening was devoted to fire- 
works, the centre-piece in which was a large dead tree with 
thick, dry foliage, which was set on fire, and into the flames, 
folded newspapers, containing packs of fire-crackers, were 
thrown with such other freaks and fancies as unrestrained 
Young America could devise. Again there were refreshments, 
music by the band and three times three for the flag, before 
the men dispersed to their tents, satisfied that the day had 
been properly observed once more. While the " boj's " in 
camp were thus jubilant, others of the Fifth, on duty in Alex- 
andria, were enjoying a lawn-party with Union citizens, who 
were the very soul of hospitality. 

July 4th was noteworthy also from another fact, since on 
this day twenty-seven recruits were mustered in. They were 
mairily from Woburn, members of the company of the Fifth 
that had been disbanded just before the war began, but 
filled with martial ardor they got together fifty men and 
marched to Boston, hoping to form a part of the regiment. 
They were too late and while many went into other organiza- 
tions, these men, the recruits, were finally admitted. Their 
enlistments are set down as early in June, but, owing to war's 
delays, they did not really join till their muster-in as above. 
They were distributed, fifteen to G, ten to I and one each to 
('Ompanies B and F. One of these men, Edwin F. Wyer, 
of I, had been Third Lieutenant of his, the Woburn Company. 
The 5th day brought another visit from Governor Andrew, 
who was assiduous in his care for the soldiers. After a hasty 
examination of the quarters of the men and testing the quality 
of their food, with all of which he i)ronounced himself highly 
pleased, and having been introduced to the line officers, the 
regiment was formed in mass on the parade and C'olonel 



{V2 



l'"ii'iii l\Kt;iMK.N I . M. \. M.. riiKi.i; Mo\iii- 



Lawronco introdui-i-il tlii^ CuntMuor to \\\c uwn. Vlw War ( io\ - 
ornor nf Massachusetts was t'\ cr liapp> in liis i(>inarks to 
soldiers, and ncxcr was lie niort' so llian wlicu, at this time, he 
tohl the ■■ lioys " of the inattM'iial eai'e that the ( "ommou- 
wealth liad tor hei' ehlKh'en and ol her readiness to weh-onie 
tluMU hon\t' asiaie. when their ser\iee was eoiiiplele. and ot' t he 
i>.\et>llent ollieei's he knew the men would make m I he threi' 
vi'ars' reiiinients I lien heinji recruited. The rei;imenl rrcei\ed 
the (.iovernor most heartily and cheei'ed him to (he echo. 
'Phis was only one of the many \isits madi- to \\ ashingloii hy 
(ioveruoi' Andrew, not alone lor tli(> purpose of inter\'iewinji 
the President and s(>ein<i- his soldiers, hut as a sort of respite 
from the incessant cares that beset him when on dut\' in 
Boston. 

It \va> on this same r»th day that the \acancies made l)y 
the dt>i)arture i'li the l.ieut .-colonel. Major and .\djulant 
were tilled by the election oi ('aptain (Jeoriiell. Peirsoji (A), 
scuioi- captain, to the place o{ Lieul.-col. (Ireene. and ('aptain 
John r. Boyd i 1\ ' to the Majority, \acat(Ml hy Majoi' Ki'yes, 
while l,i(ait. John (I. riKUuhers [K) was appointed .Vdjutant. 
The week that was emlinti; witnessed the completion ot l-'ort 
Mllsworth. and thei'chy the resnn>]ition iA more fi-eiiucnt and 
moi-c proloniicd |>ei'iods of drill, whii'h, aftei- all, is tlu> prime 
requisite for jiood soKliers. June 28il, the Indisi-riniinatinji 
jlivinu; of rexolvtMs to the men luue fruit when A\'m. 11. liich- 
ardscni, a Stoneham hoy oi Company l'\ only eiiihtt'cn years 
old, in handling his " shoot ing-iriin " was fatally injured, d\ing 
on th(^ 7th of July, llt^ was the reci]Ment of e\(>ry possible 
kindnes.v on the part of his conu'ades, both ollicers and men. 
but they could not keep him ali\-e, and his ileath was tlu> tirst 
fatality in thi> rejiiment, resultinji in mori' striniiiait lules as 
to the possession of such weapons. That one tonch of nature 
which makes the \\ hole world kin was shown in the takinjj; of 
a collection throughout the retiinuMit, resultin<2; in the raising 
of more than !>!")() to ]rA\ \\\r honu' ii'oiuii e\pens(\s o( the 
dead soldier and t hose of his father, who was with him durinii 



.1 I l,> K. t» I . Al-KX WDHIA. (■»/> 

llic most of till' liirx' ;il'lcr the afcidctit . Tlic Ixjy's cliicl' 
(•(•t:;r<'t vvah that he liad niii away Iroifi lioiiic to cnli.sl. Lieut. 
SIccfjcr of K ^'oiiipany acconipanicd the body to MasHUfliij- 
Kr't,l,H. TIm' tollowiii)! week, Saturday, tlic l.'ith, cuinc ord(;rK 
to pack all personal ha^^iat^e and to place it in Alexandria in 
exfMsctation of Wreaking; camp and a lon^ marcji. Som(; (jne 
liaH writtf'n thai ahoui this lime (/(-neralK MclJowf!!! and 
l-'ranklin ro<le on the grounds, and the ref»;imen1, hein^ formed 
in hollow ,s(|iiare. the dist inniiislicfl officers were introduced hy 
( "olonel Lawrence to the nien. wlniin the ( lenerals HUCccKKJvcly 
adilrehsed, sayinji; that their term of enlistment was a))OUt to 
oxj)ire, that it was for them io decide whether they draw out 
of liiK' and u-u home, (»r sta_\' till the enierj^encx- was over, thus 
winning Riory and victory. To the everlasting credit (;f 
AL'issachuset ts soldiers he it sai<l that, to a mat), tfiey cfiose tfie 
latter course and stayed in the ranks, a marked c(jntraHt to 
(•(•rtain re^iiments from other states which, under tfie same 
cinMirnKtances. withdrew from their |)ositions when actually 
on their way to I'ull \U\\\. l'"orev(;r blessed he the soldier wfio 
marches to the sound of the enemy's {<uns arul never flincfies, 
no matter what the pro\'ocat ion. 

'\'\\c reuiment \\;i- (irdei'ed to lake t lu'ce days' rations and 
III' ready to march at dayhreak. On ( 'olonel Lawrence's 
inlortmnu the < ienerals that there were only one lialf clay's 
ra,l,ions on han<l, he was promised a new supf)ly tliat very 
ni{i;ht. 'I'lioujili llie\ did not arri\e imtil midnight, the array 
of (!ooks was sufficient lo lia\e the food properl\' pref)ared 
for the I line of depart inc. Among th(rs(; wiio thus gave tlie 
night lo cookiiiti were \\ illard T. Kingsh-y, for whom the 
Somervillr' I'ost ol the (1. .\. W. was suf)sequent ly named, 
and Joseph (i. <iiles, also of Somerville. Tlie lOth l»egan 
early and was ;i husy day. 'I'he knapsacks were f)acked and 
left in camp. P>lankets were rolled and suspended from the 
shoulders, 'riiiee days' rations were stored in the haversacks 
and in this liuht marcfiing orrler the advance fK'gan. "On 
loKichmoiid " liad lieen the cry of the newspapers for weeks, 



64 Fifth Regiment. M. \ . M.. rnuEE Months. 

and in a half organized condition the troops were setting out 
on a warhke errand. Luckily for them, the forces they were 
about to assail were in the very same inexperienced state as 
themselves. Both sides were to know a great deal more, a 
year from this time. 

Brigadier-general Irvin McDowell, U. S. A., was in command 
and it is interesting to note the officers who served upon his 
staff, men later to achieve distinction of a high order, as 
James B. Fry, John G. Barnard. A. W. Whipple, H. L. Abbot, 
Geo. C. Strong, Jas. S. Wadsworth and Guy ^^ Henry, three 
of whom, as Major (lenerals, were to perish in battle. The 
five grand divisions were commanded by Brig. -Gen. Daniel 
Tyler (1st), Colonel David Hunter (2d), Colonel Samuel P. 
Heintzelman (3d), Brig. -Gen. Theodore Runyan (4th, this 
was not engaged) and Colonel Dixon S. Miles (5th). The 
three brigades of the '^d Division were commanded in one, 
two and three order by Colonels Wm. B. Franklin, Orlando 
B. Wilcox and Oliver O. Howard, each officer to wear two 
starred shoulder straps ere many months. Associated with 
our Fifth Regiment in the First Brigade were the 11th Massa- 
chusetts and the First Minnesota along with a battery of Light 
Artillery commanded by Captain James B. Rickets, another 
future Major General. The First Michigan and the N. Y. 
Fire Zouaves associated with the Fifth in building Fort 
Ellsworth were in the Second Brigade. Except for a very few 
who had seen active service in the Mexican War every one of 
these soldiers was ignorant of battle sensations. 

BULL RUN. 

The route was over Shuter's Hill and towards Centerville^ 
almost directly westward, halting for the night near Pohick 
church, famous for its associations with Washington, and 
being about seven miles from Mt. Vernon. During this day's 
march, the Fifth, being at the right of Franklin's Brigade and 
that body leading the division, it was the lot of the regiment 



July 17, '61. Bull Run. 65 

to lead the column. Companies D and E were deployed as 
skirmishers. The halt for the night was at 7 o'clock 
and at 8.30 there was an alarm given, followed by the 
bringing in of a prisoner and the killing of his horse; the 
advance was resumed at 7 a. m. of the 17th with Com- 
panies A and K acting as skirmishers. Fifty men from 
the Fifth Regiment and as many from the First Minnesota 
had been detailed at Alexandria as pioneers. Each man 
supplied with an axe, his gun slung across his back by the 
strap, the hundred men march close behind the skirmishers. 
The march was cautious, the pioneers cutting away large trees, 
felled by the enemy to obstruct the roads, in some cases mak- 
ing new ways through the woods. At noon Company C was 
sent forward to relieve Company K. The skirmishers found 
their labors exceedingly difficult as they proceeded through 
swamps and dense woods, the men spreading out at a consider- 
able distance apart on each side of the road. The enemy was 
seen at intervals, but generally out of range; owing to the cir- 
cuitous route taken by the force the people were unaware of 
the advance, but rebel pickets and scouts soon spread the news, 
so that the country was aroused. Everywhere could be seen 
traces of the late presence of the enemy who had fled hastily. 
Some Union people were found who rejoiced at seeing again 
the Stars and Stripes. Rebel camps were found whence the 
enemy had departed so quickly that they had time only to fire 
a parting shot, leaving their outfit and food uneaten. An 
earthwork also was found, but no attempt was made to 
defend it. 

It was 3 p.m. when the troops reached Sangster's Station 
on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, where, it was hoped, 
the enemy, retiring from Fairfax Court House, might be inter- 
cepted, but the retreat had been too rapid for the pursuer, and 
in their flight the rebels had burned two bridges, to make 
their retirement all the more effectual. Evidently they had 
no expectation of returning. Had the Union force been an 
hour earlier the hostile army had been encountered and 
5 



66 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 

possibly the entire array captured. The men were pleased 
at seeing their Colonel riding both days at the head of the 
skirmishere and pioneers, ready for any emergency, evidently 
disposed to share any peril that might be encountered. The 
march had been twelve miles in distance, long enough for men 
quite unused to such exactions, and all were ready for the 
bivouac in a mown field, on the edge of a wood, near the rail- 
road, where they enjoyed the sleep which followed the exhaust- 
ing march of the day. As the tents had been left behind, 
camping meant simply rolling oneself in his blanket and lying 
down to such dreams as sleep might offer. 

At 9.30 a.m. of the 18th, Captain Messer, Co. D, con- 
ducted a scouting party of forty men, passing southward 
towards the Occoquan River and on the south side of the 
railroad. Engaging the enemy's picket at Wolf Run Shoals, 
eight miles from Sangster's, they killed one of the foe and 
captured the picket-roll. The party did not rejoin the regi- 
ment until 9.30 in the evening at Centreville. A little after 
noon of this day, the sound of battle-volleys smote upon the 
ears of these inexperienced men. The fight was at Blackburn's 
Ford, four miles below the site of the greater engagement, 
to follow on the 21st. Beauregard had supposed that the gen- 
eral attack was to be at this point and had ordered his forces 
accordingly, but it was only a feint on the Union part. Here 
the Massachusetts First Regiment had its introduction to 
battle's din and suffered considerably. It was the threshold 
of the Confederacy, barely approached by the invader, over 
which he was to make a mighty effort to step three days 
later. Not until 5 p.m. did the regiment leave its camping- 
place and start for Centreville, having the marching accom- 
paniment of a severe thunder-shower. Four hours later the 
Fifth halted in a grain-field and camped. The sight of the 
camp-fires of 30,000 men was not only a novelty, it was an 
inspiration to these men, mere novices in the art and circum- 
stance of war. 

The 19th brought pretty full accounts of the disaster at 




N0iN3AOa,Ol 



6S Fifth Regiment, M. \. ^l., Three Months. 

Blackburn's the day before; many a man was wondering how 
fared his friends in the First Regiment, and not a few looked 
forAvard to coming events with apprehension, for every one 
knew that a great battle was impending. Owing to the ex- 
treme heat, brush tents were erected by officers and men in 
the effort to ward off some of the sun's rays. The unusual 
record of divine services on a week day is had for 8 o'clock 
p.m. of this day. Also an incident of quite another character 
is recounted to the effect that, early in the morning, a flock 
of about fifty sheep was seen coming out of a neighboring 
grove. Never did the inborn predatory nature of the soldier 
more quickly assert itself. Apparently simultaneously, 
twice as many men as there were sheep started from the manj^ 
regiments in sight and rounded up that flock in far less time 
than it takes to tell the story, and when they were through, 
not a sheep escaped being turned into toothsome mutton, our 
Yankee boys getting their full share. 

Small Virginia villages attained sudden fame in these early 
days of the war. Centreville, half a mile from the camp, was 
a hamlet of a few single-story structures, fated to be more 
talked about during the coming week than it ever had been 
or would be again. Certain of these active, inquisitive men, 
in spite of the heat of July 20th, spied out what there was to 
be seen in the village, visited General McDowell's head- 
quarters and some of the batteries, and then passed on to the 
cross-roads on the Warrenton turnpike, thus reaching the 
outside picket station, whence could be seen the grove near 
which the fight of the 18th took place. An unexploded six- 
pound shell was picked up here, and having been sent back to 
South Reading, was for some time exhibited in the local 
armory, to meet the fate, however, of nearly all such explo- 
sives, thirty years later, Sept. 3, 1891, when the barn of 
James Eustis was burned. At 2.30 p.m. rations for three 
days were distributed and orders given to be ready to march 
at 6 o'clock in the afternoon, subsequently changed to " soon 
after midnight." 



July 21, '61. Bull Run. 69 

It was not strange that men were wakeful during that 
night: visions of home and mother danced before many an 
eye, and the call to " fall in lively " was rather a welcome 
sound than otherwise, and this was heard between one and 
two in the morning. Rations must have been eaten hurriedly, 
for soon after 2 a.m. line was formed and the regiment 
marched a short distance, only to be halted and to remain 
thus till half past four, all owing, it appeared later, to the 
tardiness of the First Division under Tyler. It should be 
stated that the Confederate army lay in detachments behind 
Bull Run at five different fords, along a hne of eight miles. 
The left or northernmost flank was at the stone bridge, where 
the Warrenton turnpike crosses Bull Run, though McDowell 
supposed it to extend to the next ford above. The fight at 
Blackburn's Ford had been at the extreme rebel right, and 
there Beauregard supposed the battle would be resumed. 
Indeed he and Johnston, who had arrived with reinforcements, 
had determined to advance their own forces this Sunday morn- 
ing and to attack Centreville with all possible strength, but 
the signal guns of the Union army told them that their plan 
was forestalled. 

The orders for the day were for Tyler's First Division to 
move on the stone bridge with all of his force, except Richard- 
son's brigade, which was still to menace Beauregard at Black- 
burn's, while the Second and Third Divisions under Hun^r 
and Heintzelman, respectively, were to march northward and, 
crossing Bull Run at Sudley's Ford, fall upon the rear of the 
enemy, who was supposed to be in force beyond the stone 
bridge. Colonel Miles's Fifth Division was to remain in 
reserve at Centreville, while General Runyon's Fourth was 
still farther in the rear, between Centreville and Alexandria. 
Just three months to a day from leaving Faneuil Hall, the 
Fifth was marching into battle. It was soon after passing 
through Centreville that two organizations were passed 
whose time being out, they were determined to go away from 
rather than towards the enemy. Turning deaf ears to the 



70 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 

entreaties of General McDowell, these men, not New Eng- 
landers, marched back towards Washington, leaving their 
comrades to their fate. Technically, these men were within 
the letter of the law, but measured by the standard of brave 
men the world over, they were deserving of severest condem- 
nation. It should be recorded that the Pennsylvania Colonel 
went to the field, serving on the staff of Colonel Franklin. 




OLD STONE HOUSE, 1910. 



Following Tyler and his First Division until over Cub Run, 
1 he Second and Third Divisions turned northward, and after 
a heated march of about ten miles, reached the ford at Sud- 
ley Church. The woods through which a considerable part 
of the march was made lessened somewhat the severity of 
the test, but the scarcity of water occasioned great discom- 
fort. The last mile or two of the advance, on account of the 
noise of battle, had been made at a double quick, a severe 



July 21, '61. Bull Run. 71 

trial at any time, especially so under a broiling sun. There 
was little pause for rest, since to the southward their comrades 
in blue were facing the enemy and in sore need of aid. The 
stream was forded and, after depositing blankets in heaps, 
by organizations where possible, the men in response to the 
command, " Fifth Massachusetts, forward; double quick, 
march!" were off to do and die. For the first time they see 
friend and foe, dead and dying; it is a time to test the stoutest 
soul, whizzing bullet and screaming shell making wild music 
in these unfamiliar ears. Taking their position on the brow 
of a hill, directly in front of the rebel batteries, they are 
ordered to fall flat on their faces, thus permitting the shot of 
the enemy's cannon to pass harmlessly over them. Some one 
beholding the sight says this of the scene: 

I saw the Fifth Massachusetts in their dark uniforms and 
their steady advance under the enemy's fire of shot and shell; 
I noticed them some distance off; they came into the field 
by a flank movement, and then into column, with as much 
coolness as if they had been on an ordinary muster-field. 
They then had to pass over an open field, exposed to the full 
fire of the rebel batteries, but they did not waver in the least. 
They were ordered by Colonel Franklin to take and hold a 
position on the brow of a hill, in front of the enemy's batteries. 
Here I first saw their Colonel (Lawrence) at their head. He 
is tall and slim, with dark hair. He is quite young, not more 
than twenty-five. They took their positions in perfect order 
and fought bravely. 

Another observer says: 

The boys were no ways abashed by this hot reception, but 
took the whole thing very cooly, waiting very patiently to 
" pitch in " again. The firing now was perfectly terrific 
and it seemed at times as if the heavens would burst asunder 
with the concussion. Colonel Lawrence, standing the most 
of the time in the middle of the regiment, used his utmost 
efforts to keep the men calm, in their places, close to the 
ground out of the way of the shot, which went singing their 
peculiar death-song three or four feet above them. Several 
of the men were wounded by the bursting of a shell, and Pri- 



72 Fifth Regiment, M. Y. M., Three Months. 

vate Angier (K) was wounded by a six-pound shot in his 
leg. This rest (lying close to the ground) afforded great relief 
to the men whose mouths were parched with thirst; the 
scarcity of water, the rapid marching and double-quick motion 
having well nigh exhausted them. A field officer rode up 
and inquired, "What regiment of regulars is this?" The men 
answered, " We are not regulars, we are the Fifth Massa- 
chusetts." He rephed, "Is it possible! I thought you 
were regulars, you are in such perfect order under fire." 

In the advance Color-bearer Lawrence (E), while bravely 
waving the flag, was shot dead by a musket ball, shot through 
the breast. Corporal Wallace (D), himself wounded, already 
bearing the State ensign, seized the national flag as it fell 
from Lawrence's hands, and carried both gallantly, until 
Sergeant-major Quincy, grasping the State colors, bore them 
forward with equal gallantr3\ Colonel Lawrence, who had 
so bravely stood where others w^ere lying prone, was wounded 
and when the retreat began was carried to the rear. The 
Colonel's escape with his life he ascribed to his college class- 
mate. Paymaster George F. Hodges {vide Roster). In an 
account of the classmate, prepared for Harvard's memorial 
volume, Colonel Lawrence wrote: 

Just at the close of the battle, I was wounded while near 
the right of the regiment. Hodges came up and ordered the 
men to cwcvy me to the rear. He had me put into an ambu- 
lance, which is the last thing I remember then, for I became 
insensible. Four or five men, I believe, accompanied the 
ambulance a short distance. In the confusion of the general 
retreat the others, supposing me almost dead, and that it 
was impossible for me to survive, all left me ; but not so 
Hodges. He took me out of the ambulance, which the driver 
had left, and bearing me over a fence into a wood, supported 
m.e against a tree. He told me that all had gone, and that I 
should probably soon be taken a prisoner, but that he would 
stay with me and be taken too. I told him to go, for it was 
bad enough for one to be captured. "No," said he, " I shall 
stay, for it is not right to leave you, our Colonel, helpless 
here alone; and besides, I want you to understand, I will 
not desert a classmate." And so he stayed until assistance 



July 21, '61. Bull Run. 73 

came. By Hodges' means, I escaped captivity at that time 
and probably death. He was a noble fellow and no one 
could wish a better friend. 

The Fifth left the field in some confusion, mostly by com- 
panies, but was soon together again, and under the comi:d3ihd 
of Major Boyd, marched by the morning route of Sucfley's 
Ford to the former camping-place in Centreville. L^eut.- 
colonel Peirson had gone to the relief of the wounded Colonel, 
hence the Major in the lead. On reaching their late bivouac, 
regimental line was formed, arms were stacked, a guard was 
set and the men lay down for a night's rest. There surely 
was no indication of a frightened '^ run-away " here. Return- 
ing to the field itself, a few words of general survey are in 
place. Volumes have been written about this engagement. 
This is no place to enlarge upon the same as a whole. A part, 
a small part it is true, was set for the regiment to perform. 
This the men did with infinite credit to themselves and the 
Commonwealth. They marched, they double-quicked, theV 
suffered for lack of food and drink, they forded the streanr, 
they advanced into battle with the steadiness of veterans 
between the batteries of Griffin and Rickett, they chargeM 
the rifle-pits of the enemy, they supported the batterieS; 
exposed to the raking fire of the foe, — in a word, they exe-cuteS 
every order given, and at last, when all hope of success was 
gone, fell back, free from the confusion that has been the 
popular notion of the closing moments everywhere at Bull 
Run. 

In crossing at Sudley's Ford, the regiment must have 
passed down a part of the territory covered by the Second 
Bull Run; the men, either advancing or retreating, must have 
passed near the old stone house, so often mentioned in all 
accounts of the battle, and around the well men on both sides 
mingled in the general mixup after the day was done. It was 
here that a private of Co. K insisted on filling his canteen, 
against the advice of his comrades, and when it was filled he 
lost time in holding it to the lips of a famished foeman, weak 



74 



Fifth Regiment, M. \'. ]\I., Three ^Months. 



and wounded, unable to help himself. While thus engaged 
a rebel appears on the scene and with fierce oaths demands the 
surrender of the Good Samaritan, but the man who has drank 
of the water given by the Union soldier exclaims, " No, 
let him go, he gave me drink;" and the Federal escaped while 
one, at least, of his comrades who would not pause passed 




HEXRY HOUSE IN BATTLE DAYS. 



on to capture and months of prison life. The position of 
Franklin's brigade indicates that our Massachusetts boys 
were well up to the plateau on which Jackson stood. When 
pointing to him, the Florida General, B. E. Bee, himself 
about to die, gave to the Virginian his immortal prenomen, 
" Stonewall," and they could not have been veiy far awaj^ 
when the same '' Stonewall " was wounded. Thej^ must have 
seen the Henry House, and if they did not see the aged Judith 
Henry shot to her death, they were where the death shots 
were falling thick and fast, and they must have shared in the 
mifl-daj' thought that the battle was won and then, when the 



July 21, '61. 



Bull Run. 



75 



mists had cleared away, they too, reahzed that the day was 
lost and retreat the only recourse left. 

There was direful confusion on both sides; a Grant or a 
Jackson, with the experience of a twelvemonth later, would 
have pressed home the advantages of noon and eve to the 
complete undoing of the vanquished side. Fortunately for 
the Union cause, the inexperience of the Northern armj^ was 
matched in full bv that of the South. Non-combatants on 




CUB RUX BRIDGE, 1910. 



both sides did much to add to the distress of those who were 
carrying arms. A single brigade like that of the Vermonters 
in '64 would have swept the field clear of every obstruction, 
but Federal and rebel, whether volunteer or regular, knew 
nothing of actual war; at Bull Run they were learning their 
alphabet of battle. On some parts of the field, the situation 
was indiscribable; what else could be expected? Says John 
G. Nicolay in his "Outbreak of the RebeUion": 

It must be remembered that these were only three months' 
^•olunteers, and besides, as such, the most impulsive and 
independent men in their several communities, whose innate 
promptness of thought and action had brought them to the 



76 Fifth Regiment, ]M. V, M., Three Months. 

forefront of the civil war. Lacking long drill' and discipline, 
they acted upon individual jutlgment and impulse rather 
than as organized bodies merely executing the orders of their 
officers. This explains the remarkable statement of Captain 
Woodbury that at 4 o'clock on the 21st there were 12,000 
volunteers on the battle-field of Bull Run who had entireh' 
lost their regimental organization. They could no longer be 
handled as troops, for the officers and men were not together, 
and it is worthy of remark that this disorganization did not 
arise from defeat or fear. 

Not all, however, of the Fifth fell back to Centreville. 
There were dead and wounded on the fatal field among them 
soldiers who, with loyal hearts and ambitious zeal, had rallied 
to Faneuil Hall and had done all the}' could for the cause thej' 
loved and now had sealed their devotion "s\ath their blood. 
As of Ellsworth who had fallen yet earlier, so of them it might 
be written, " Dead, at the dawning of the Strife, and late, so 
loyal, true and brave!" When all the companies had been 
canvassed and results compared, it was found that nine men 
had been killed, a much larger number were wounded and 
twentj'-three had been taken prisoners. The record is as 
follows : 

Colonel Samuel C. Lawrence, wounded. 

Company A. 

A\'ound('d, ]). P. Moore, J. W. Patten; prisoners, H. T. 
Briggs, S. A. Cate. 

Company B. 

Prisoners, Sergt. G. W. Aborn, Private F. L. Tibbitts; 
wounded and prisoner, J. H. Griggs; wounded, Joe Eustis. 

Company C. 

Wounded, S. M. Clark, G. W. Hobart, F. L. Lane, W. S. 
Oakman, F. W. Pfaff, J. M. Pratt, Lewis Smith, Bernard 
Wotton; wounded and prisoner, Edward Foster. 



Jlly 21, '61. Bull Run. 77 

Company D. 

Killed, Hiram S. Collins; wounded and prisoner, J. A. 
Shaw; wounded. Corporal G. W. Wallace. 

Company E. 

Killed, Sergt. Wm. H. Lawrence; wounded, Privates Wm. 
H. Dane, A. F. Dow, G. E. Peak, E. X. Peirce, E. W. Rams- 
dell, 'M. F. Richards, S. H. Turner; prisoner, J. H. Hoyt. 

Company F. 

Killed, Sergt. C. W. Cassebourne, Privates Thos. Hettler, 
I. M. Low; prisoners, Bernard McSweeney, Stephen O'Hara, 
C. F. Wardwell, E. J. Williams. (The Hon. Alfred Ely in 
his prison record gives one Isaac Lowe, Co. I, Fifth Mass. ) 

Company G. 

Wounded, Rob't Pemberton; prisoners, Sergts. Cyrus Hos- 
mer and Wm. S. Rice, Privates Wm. C. Bates, E. S. Wheeler, 
H. L. Wheeler. 

Company H. 

Killed, G. A. Thompson; wounded, Wm. Farrell, Chas. 
]\IcFarland; prisoners, G. W. Dow. Wm. Shanle5^ 

Company L 

Killed, E. F. Hannaford; wounded, John Adams, G. W. 
Xason, 

Company K. 

Killed, Sumner Fish, never seen after the battle; wounded 
and prisoners, H. A. Angler, C. A. Babcock, S. E. Chandler; 
prisoner, Geo. T. Childs. 

The aggregate losses at Bull Run seem small when compared 
with those at Antietam, Gettysburg and other battles of later 



78 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 

dates, yet they carried consternation and grief into tliousands 
of Northern homes. Though " The Vacant Chair " had not 
been written then, the vacant places awaited the song when 
October 21st, a few months later, had sealed the fate of 




in 

< 

go 

O a , 

r^ e^ ^ 

a in o 

< ^ H 

S s S 

^ s >^ . 

z S si c-t 

S <; w z 

O H H 

00 Z C3 g 

^ < . 5 

-MO 

- M IB 51 

^ O <5 '^ 



z y 



g CO 






Q^ 






a 9 ^ 

S d H G 



rt O 

z . 

a z 



a 



X 

" 5 02 

gSa 
^ a K 

H N H 

H Z 

§ a 
o 



July 16, '61. Bull Run. 79 

Lieut. J. Willie Grout (Fifteenth Mass.). The summaries tell 
us that 481 Union soldiers were killed, 1,011 wounded and 
1,460 were taken prisoners, many of whom were wounded. 
The Confederates lost 387 killed, 1,582 wounded and a few 
prisoners. The result was not what the shriekers of " On to 
Richmond" had expected, and thereafter a distinct lessening, 
among these gentry, of their warlike advice was noticeable. 
Their lesson had been learned, and apparently they had con- 
cluded that men trained to the art of war had better make 
ready for it, hence the entry of McClellan and the months of 
subsequent organization, drill and preparation. 

A Summary of the Bull Run Campaign as Seen 

and Described by Edwin F. Wyer, Co. I, 

Later Adjutant of the Regiment. 

We left Camp Massachusetts about 9 a.m., July 16th, 
bound for Manassas. Proceeded slowly and cautiously, reach- 
ing the vicinity of Pohick Church about sunset and bivouacked 
for the night. A picket-guard under Capt. Hutchins, Co. E^ 
was sent out and they had been gone but a few minutes when 
we heard sharp firing and the Captain's voice giving orders 
excitedly; we fell in hurriedly and sent out support as we 
heard the drums beating the long-roll in the Confederate 
outpost near by, while the regiment stood in the chill night 
air nervously waiting for orders to move forward. The 
innocent cause of the alarm was soon found, when a detail 
from the picket brought in a badly scared native, who had 
been wending his way homeward, all unconscious of the pres- 
sence of Federal troops in that vicinity, until fired upon and 
his horse was killed. He was kept till morning, when he was 
allowed to go home on foot. On our advancing the next 
morning, we came upon the Confederate outpost which had 
been so hurriedly abandoned that the men had left their 
breakfasts cooking on the fires. The second day's march was 
carefully made, beating the bush on both sides of the way, 
searching for masked batteries and concealed rebels, having 
been told that the woods were full of them, but none appeared 
before us. We camped at night at Sangster's Station, near 
a county house on the Orange & Alexandria R.R. The 



80 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 

next morning (18th), we captured our first prisoners, the 
boys bringing in fourteen large moccasin snakes. At this 
stage of the game, foraging was strictlj^ prohibited, officers 
and men being enjoined to respect the person and property 
of the inhabitants. Capt. Brastow (Co. I) had been told 
that one of the natives, who was a prosperous farmer and a 
Union man, living about a mile away, had some fine lambs 
which he would sell dressed for three dollars each. The 
Captain proposed to me that I go and buy one of the animals 
and thus give the boys a lamb stew for dinner, it being under- 
stood that we would remain in camp until afternoon, and 
Old Jack, the relic from Price and Birch's Slave-pen, would 
cook the same to the cjueen's taste. We started, but had 
proceeded only a little way from camp when we saw a squad 
of cavalry approaching in the distance which we suspected 
might be rebels, so we took to the woods and remained hidden 
until the horsemen had passed, when we came back to the road, 
meeting there some of the Fifth Regiment, who had been to 
the very house we were in search of and who told us that 
General McDowell and staff had just gone in the direction 
of the camp, these proving to be our supposed Confederates. 
On reaching the house, the yard was full of stragglers from 
different regiments getting breakfast, and we found that we 
would have to negotiate our purchase with the women-folks, 
as there were no men in sight. TheA^ had not heard the latest 

quotations on spring lamb, so we insisted on seeing Mr. ■ 

himself; after much persuasion, one of the women confided 
to me that the absent party was a Union man and when he 
saw the cavalry, the same that had encountered us, he had 
departed in a hurr}' and was hidden somewhere in a large 
field of tall corn quite a distance from the house. He was 
found and, being assured that we would pay the price agreed 
upon, he promised to bring the lamb to camp. Though we 
hurried back, it was to find that all had packed up and de- 
parted. Doing likewise was the next move for us, but we 
felt that lamb stew for dinner had disappeared also. Happily 
the next morning brought about the sheep episode, already 
narrated, at Centreville, where Old Jack proved himself the 
man for the hour and lamb stew with mutton broth were 
surely had. 

July 20 was devoted to making brush shelters to protect 
us from the scorching Julj^ sun and speculating on the prob- 
able outcome of the morrow, for we knew that our baptism 



July 21, '61. Bull Run. 81 

of fire was impending, and that for the first time we were to 
be pitted against the boasted chivalry of the South. Would 
we stand the test? Of course we would! Could we fail? 
Perish the thought! Hadn't we been given the job of putting 
down the Rebellion? Didn't Secretary Seward assure us 
that the insurrection would be quelled in 60 days? With 
an optimism born of youth and inexperience we started for 
the fight at Bull Run. The earl}^ grey of the morning of 
the 21st of July found us toiling our weary way towards the 
field of glory as we believed. We soon heard the booming 
of cannon that told us that the fight was on. As our division 
had to make a wide detour to get into the rear of the Con- 
federates, there was for us a long, hard march under the broil- 
ing sun. 

As we advanced, the rattle of musketry and the roar of 
artillery grew nearer and still nearer, until we reached the 
field of the first general engagement of the war; we went onto 
the field in column by companies, were halted and ordered 
to lay off our blankets, haversacks and all useless impedi- 
ments. Presumably, after we had beaten the enemy, we 
were to return and resume our laid off habiliments, but to 
many of us the opportunity never offered. While lying on 
the ground, hugging Mother Earth, General Franklin, com- 
manding our brigade, seeing the Fire (Ellsworth's) Zouaves, 
the 11th N.Y., advancing across the field in the distance, 
said, " There goes a gallant regiment, but it ought to be sup- 
ported." Whereupon our Colonel Lawrence spoke up, say- 
ing, " It can have support. General; the Fifth Massachusetts 
will go anywhere you order it." " Move your regiment by 
the right to their support," said Frankhn; but before we 
could connect with the left of the 11th, it was subjected to 
a withering fire from the enemy, massed around the Henry 
house, thus throwing the regiment into disorder; the sunken 
road over which we moved to their support proving a great 
protection to us. It was while going to the support of the 
Fire Zouaves that the most of the casualties in our regiment 
occurred. 

The first intimation that all was not going well with our 
side, came when the two companies of regular cavalry (all 
the cavalry on the field) came tearing down the road where 
we lay, shouting, " Get out of here or the Black Horse Cavalry 
will get you all." We had been detached from our brigade, 
and not an order from General Franklin had reached us since 



82 Fifth Regiment. 'SI. V. ]M., Three Months. 

we left the brigade to support the Zouave?. At this juncture, 
Captain Brastow asked General Burnside, who was on our 
left with his Rhode Island Brigade, if we might form on his 
column and march under his orders, a request that was 
speedily granted, and in that order we came off the field. 
Crossing Sudley's Ford, we retreated by the same road we 
had taken in the morning until we reached Cub Run; there 
at the bridge we discovered that the Confederates had posted 
a batter}^ and were working it with an energy worthy of a 
better cause. 

As the water in Cub Run w^as only about waist deep we 
forded it, and found on the other side 16,000 troops, 
McDowell's reserves, that had not fired a shot nor moved an 
inch, although within esLsy reach of their hard-pressed com- 
rades. Had McDowell thrown in his reserves at the critical 
moment, the first Bull Run fight had been a victory instead 
of a disaster. Reaching our camp, which we had left in the 
morning so full of hope and glorious expectation, the men 
threw themselves upon the ground, a tired, footsore array, 
confident that they deserved a better fate, after marching 
and fighting continuously twenty hours, and there was bit- 
terness in their hearts against the general officers who had so 
ingloriously led them. 

Data and Comments from the Commanding Officers 
as Recorded in the Official Records of the Re- 
bellion, Vol. II, First Series, pp. 384, 385. 

From the report of Colonel Andrew Porter, commanding 
First Brigade, Second Division, and the division after the 
wounding of Colonel David Hunter, describing the attack of 
Burnside's Brigade upon the enemy's right: — 

The head of Heintzelman's column at this moment appeared 
upon the field, and the 11th and 5th Massachusetts regiments 
moved forward to the support of our center, while stafl^ officers 
could be seen galloping rapidly in every direction, endeavoring 
to rally the broken 8th (N.Y.); but this laudable purpose was 
only partially attained, ownng to the inefficiency of some of its 
field officers. General Tyler's Division (1st) was engaged with 
the enemy's right. The 27th (N.Y.) in the edge of the woods, 
in the center, covered by a hill, upon which lay the 11th and 
5th Massachusetts, occasionally delivering a scattering fire. 
The -14th (X.Y.) was moving by the right flank. The pres- 



July 21, '61. 



Bull Run. 



83 



tige of success had thus far attended the efforts of our inex- 
perienced but gallant troops. The lines of the enemy had 
been shifted forcibly nearly a mile to their left and rear. 
The flags of eight regiments, though borne somewhat wearily, 
now pointed towards the hill from which disordered masses 




mm - '"Sfr^^ 

««P.- 'SI House „ c ^ . "^ 



'House „ 



//, 



Hr'^-* 



REBEL 
HEADQUARTERS 



BULL RUN BATTLEFIELD. 



of rebels had been seen hastily retiring. Griffin's and Ricketts' 
batteries were ordered by the commanding general to the top 
of the hill on our right, supporting them with the Fire Zouaves 
and marines, while the 14th (N.Y.) entered the skirt of woods 
on their right to protect the flank, and a column composed of 
the 27th N.Y., 11th and 5th Mass., 1st Minn, and 69th N.Y., 
moved up towards the left flank oi the batteries; but as soon 
as they were in position, and before the flanking support had 
reached theirs, a murderous fire of musketry and rifles, 
opened at pistol range, cut down every cannoneer and a large 
number of the horses. The fire came from some infantry 



84 



Fifth Regiment, M. Y. ]\I., Three Months. 



of the enemy, which had been mistaken for our own forces, 
an officer on the field having stated that it was a regiment 
sent by General Heintzelman to support the batteries. The 
evanescent courage of the Zouaves (Fire) prompted them to 
fire perhaps a hundred shots, when they broke and fled, 
leaving the batteries open to an attack by the enemy's cavalry 
which took place immediately. 

From the report of Colonel Wm. B. Franklin, commanding 
the First Brigade, Third Division, pp. 405, 406: 

The brigade left Centreville at 2.30 a.m. in the following 
order: 1st, Minnesota regiment; 2d, Ricketts' battery; 3d, 
5th ]\Iass. regiment; 4th, 11th Mass. regiment. At Centre- 
ville a delay of more than two Hours took place to enable 
the columns of General Tyler and Colonel Hunter to pass 




BULL RUN BRIDGE. 1910. 



Colonel Heintzelman's. The march then recommenced and 
continued without interruption until the brigade reached 
Bull Run, about 11 o'clock, a.m., after a march of about 12 
miles. 

Colonel Hunter's column had, by this time, become engaged 
with the enemy, and Ricketts' battery was immediateh^ 
ordered to cross the run and to hold itself in readiness for 
action. The Minnesota regiment was ordered to cross to 
support the battery, and was, by a sul)sequent change in 



July 21, '61. Bull Run. 85 

the order, placed in position on the left of the field. The 
5th and 11th Mass. were for a very short time held in reserve 
on the left bank of the run. Ricketts' battery was directed 
to take position in a field towards the extreme right of our 
line, and commenced firing at a battery of the enemy placed 
just beyond the crest of a hill on our left. After firing for 
about twenty minutes at this point, the battery was movetl 
to a point about 1000 feet from the enemy's battery, where 
it was immediately subjected to an incessant fire of musketry, 
at short range, disabling it almost immediately. Here 
Captain Ricketts was severely wounded and First Lieut. D. 
Ramsey was killed. The battery also lost, in the course of 
a few minutes, eleven non-commissioned officers and men 
killed, and fourteen wounded. Many horses were also killed, 
so that the battery was entirely crippled and its remains 
were drawn off the field, all of the guns being left on the field. 
While the battery was in the first position, the 5th and 
11th Mass. regiments were brought to the field and took posi- 
tion just behind the crest of a hill, about the centre of the 
position. Here they were slightly exposed to the fire of the 
enemy's battery on the left, and were consequently thrown 
into some confusion; this was shown by the difficulty of forming 
the 11th Regiment, and by wild firing made by both regi- 
ments. They fired without command, and in one or two 
instances, while formed in column, closed in mass. From this 
point both regiments were ordered to proceed to the vicinity 
of the point where Ricketts' battery was disabled, to try and 
get back the guns. They went there, and, with the help of 
some other regiments on the right, the enemy was driven 
from the guns three times. It was impossible, however, to 
get the men to draw off the guns, and when one or two attempts 
were made, we were driven off by the appearance of the enemy 
in large force with heavy and well-aimed volleys of musketry. 
Colonel Hartranft of the 4th Penn., whose regiment refused 
to march forward that morning, accompanied me to the field 
as aide-de-camp. His services were exceedingly valuable to 
me and he chstinguished himself in his attempts to rally the 
regiments that had been thrown into confusion. 

Bull Run as Described by Lieutenant Williams (F). 

We left camp July 10th, blankets rolled across the shoulders 
and three days' rations, and took the march to Centreville. We 
left the main road to Fairfax and turned off to the left and 



•86 



Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 



took a more southern route, circular route, with flankers out 
and skirmishers ahead. The Rebels were seen at times ahead 
and, surprised, made attempts to obstruct the roads by falling 
trees, etc., but the Minnesota boys with their axes soon cleared 
the way, came across some earthworks, but the enemy had 
left in a hurry, leaving their dinners. We arrived in Centre- 
ville on the 18th. On the 19th we made some brush tents, 
the 20th orders were to prepare three daj^s' rations and be 
ready to move. On the 21st at 1.15 a.m. order to "fall in 
lively," and at 2.30 a.m. the regiment started on the War- 
renton Pike for Bull Run. When we got out on the road it 
looked as if all the Senators and Congressmen had come out 
from Washington in carriages to see us off. We crossed the 
bridge at " Cub Run " and filed off to the right through the 
woods to Sudley's, 10 miles, where we came out on the ridge. 
We could see and hear firing oft' to the left and soon the order 
to doul;)le-quick came, and after piling our blankets near the 
church, started on the double-quick, forded the run and went 
into action on the crest of a hill. The enemv's shot and balls 




PRESENT HENRY HOUSE AND MONUMENT. 



were flying pretty lively, but we formed close order and by 
division commenced firing at them over the crest as they 
retired before us. Soon the order came to file down the New- 
market road and support the ''Fire Zouaves" in their charge. 
In this movement we lost some men and it was then charge 
and counter-charge, and the Rebels were gradually forced to 
the rear until about 3 p.m. it was noticed the Rebels were 
being reinforced l)y a column of the enemj' coming down on 
our left rear which compelled us to fall back to Sudley's 
Hill, Avhere we formed line and remained until dark and then 
took up the line of march to our camp at Centreville. 



July 22, '61. Homeward Bound, 87 

We found when we got to " Cub Run " bridge we could not 
cross, as the enemy's guns controlled it and it was filled with 
broken wagons, and so we had to ford the stream about up 
to our arm pits. Blenker's Brigade was drawn up in line, had 
not been in the fight, and I think the whole battle was sus- 
tained by Col. Heintzelman's and Hunter's Divisions, con- 
sisting of Franklin's, Wilcox's, French's and Burnside's 
Brigades. When we got back to the old camp we had coffee 
and a cracker and lay down to have a rest, but there was no rest 
for us, for at 12 midnight we were ordered to fall in and march 
back to camp at Alexandria, a long march, which we accom- 
plished about 11 o'clock a.m., had coffee and then fell in 
again to march to Washington through the rain and mud. 
Arriving in Washington the men were housed in an old hotel 
and the officers in others. A friend took me to a store and 
fitted me out with new underclothes and pants; my old ones 
were covered with mud, and had some bullet holes, and then 
went to the Willard Hotel for a fine dinner and a good sleep 
in his bed, much needed after 24 hours' constant move. 



HOMEWARD BOUND. 

The stay at Centreville was short, since in about an hour 
came the command to march to Washington. Beginning at 
1.30 a.m. of this day, there had been little if any cessation of 
activity among our soldiers, and if they were weary it was 
only the natural result of continuous effort. The early hours 
of the 22d found them still en route for the Potomac, said to 
be twenty-five miles away. To add to their discomforts, 
the morning brought rain, the usual sequel to a day of battle, 
and through Virginia mud the defeated army plodded on. 
It was 10 o'clock in the forenoon when the Fifth reached its 
old Camp Massachusetts, but even there the wait was short, 
for before noon, came orders to proceed to Washington. 
Gathering up all of their effects that their late experience 
had left, the column, under the command of Major Boyd, 
started for the Capital. Nine miles through mud and rain, 
hungry and drenched to the skin, the destination was reached 



88 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 

at about 4 o'clock p.m. Many of the men had been womided 
the day before and their condition, under the circumstances, 
was specially distressing, though private houses were opened 
for their reception and care. The Government had not 
developed its vast system of hospitals as yet, and but for the 
sympathetic care of the patriotic public, the fate of the wound- 
ed would have been serious indeed. The Fifth Regiment was 
not the only one to reach Washington that afternoon and the 
city was more than full. While the men of the Fifth were 
quartered in a number of buildings, there were soldiers who 
had to bivouac on the sidewalk. 

For the following five days, the soldiers who cared to do so 
had an opportunity to renew some of the experiences of their 
late month's stay in Washington and to compare notes with 
other participants in the fight of the 21st. It was a time of 
getting ready to go home on the part of thousands of three- 
months' men like themselves, whose departure was so seriously 
modifying the plans of those at the head of the armies and the 
Government. On Sunday, the 28th, the first Lord's day 
since the battle, began that most welcome of all events in a 
soldier's life, his going home. At 9 a.m., for the last time in 
Washington, the regiment paraded on Pennsylvania Avenue, 
near Willard's Hotel, Lieut. -colonel Peirson in command, and 
was briefly addressed by Colonel Lawrence, who, though 
suffering from his wound, was determined to see his men 
safely home again. At 10 o'clock the train was boarded at 
the old Baltimore & Ohio station, and Washington was 
left more directly and more happily than it was approached 
three months earlier. In Baltimore there was a delay until 
6.30 p.m. before leaving for Philadelphia, where the Fifth 
arrived at 5.30 in the morning of the 29th. 

Still moving northward, after enjoying a substantial break- 
fast in the City of Brotherly Love, New York was reached at 
4.30 in the afternoon, where the men had a bountiful supph^ of 
provisions at the Park Barracks, a development since the April 
visit, while the officers were entertained at the Astor House. 



July 30, '61. Homeward Bound. 89 

Three hours later, or at 7.30 p.m., by way of the Sound, a 
start was made for New England, reaching Groton, Connect- 
icut, at 6.30, the morning of the 30th. Thence an hour after- 
wards, a train of cars was bearing the regiment towards Boston, 
which was entered. Providence station, at 1.15 p.m., just the 
hour for a public reception, and the "Hub of the Universe " 
was ready and equal to the occasion. Though the Third and 
Fourth regiments had already been received with enthusiasm, 
they were not men tried as by fire, not yet a fortnight away. 
It might be said of Boston at that time that her people were 
Bull Run mad, and here were the very men who had marched 
more than twenty miles beneath a blistering sun, had fought 
a gallant foe, leaving some of their numbers dead upon the 
field and many more wounded or prisoners in the hands of 
the enemy, — why should not the populace gather for a sight 
of the heroes who had come back to them? Not only was the 
Second Battalion at the station to meet the Fifth — every 
citizen who could by any possible means gain a foothold was 
there also. Debarking with difficulty on account of the throng, 
line was formed and, escorted by the Second Battalion, with 
music by Gilmore's matchless band, the march through home 
streets began. At the head of the procession in a carriage 
rode Mayor Wightman and several members of the Governor's 
staff, the route being through Tremont, Court and State 
streets and, returning, through Washington, School and 
Beacon to the Common. No available foot of space lacked 
an occupant, and every beholder had a voice, which he used 
to its limit. Let the reporter for the Boston Journal tell the 
story of what he saw at the time and on the spot: 

People began to flock to the Common at an early hour, and 
on the arrival of the escort, an hour previous to the arrival 
of the regiment, the crowd had become very large. After 
several hours of patient waiting, the commotion in the neigh- 
borhood of the Providence depot plainly indicated the arrival 
of the train, and hundreds bent their steps in that direction. 
Most, however, remained on the Common, supposing, of 
course, that the troops, who had had nothing to eat since 



90 Fifth Regiment, ]\I. V. INI., Three ^Months. 

their departure from New York, Monday- evening, would 
first partake of the collation which had been spread for some 
hours on the Beacon Street mall. The regiment, however, 
proceeded through the streets of the city before arriving on 
the Common. Their approach was a signal for a grand 
rush. Fathers, mothers, brothers, sisters and friends seized 
the hands or clung round the necks of soldiers as they came 
upon the parade ground. The strict order " not to meddle 
with the bo3's on the march " was only partially heeded, and 
the detour of the parade ground was accomplished 
by the troops to the sound of familiar music, with their 
glorious colors still flying, and with numerous accessions to 
their ranks. No sooner had the regiment been formed in 
line with the Charles Street mall, than from all quarters of 
the parade ground rushed throngs of people to greet them. 
The orders to stack arms, etc., were obeyed under great dis- 
advantage, as at this time the ranks were much broken by the 
influx of innumerable friends. Then followed the greetings. 
Colonel Lawrence rode down the parade ground on his splen- 
did horse, receiving the hearty congratulations of his friends 
on all sides. The civic and militar}' authorities present, 
including several United States officers, repaired to the marquee 
at the north end of the ground, where a repast was laid, and 
where many friends had been gathered. In the scenes of 
welcome and heartfelt congratulations the repast was well- 
nigh neglected. 

Many an affecting incident occurred, and many tears of 
welcome were shed within the tent and all along the ranks. 
The troops were conducted to their collation and for a couple 
of hours were allowed the full enjoyment of the meeting. One 
never failed of interest in walking among them. Here a 
hardy young soldier was exhibiting a shattered musket, or a 
few clean bullet-holes in his garments, another was the center 
of an eager crowd which was listening intentlj' to the latest 
authentic account of the Battle of Bull Run, from an '' eye 
witness." Outside the lines, Httle knots of people listened 
to new incidents of the fight, and none enjoyed t^e scene 
better than the returned volunteers. 

To drink from a returned soldier's canteen that had been 
filled often from the puddles of Fairfax and Centreville, was 
the especial delight of many, while trophies of the field were 
liberally dispersed on all sides. In scenes like these, two happy 
hours of the afternoon passed away, and we heard it from 



July 30; '61. Homeward Bound. 91 

the lips of man}' of the regiment that it was a source of special 
delight that their first reception was beneath the green trees 
of Boston Common. 

A special order, issued July 30th, from the headquarters 
of the State Militia, substantially stated what the regiment, 
under the efficient command of Colonel Lawrence, had accom- 
plished, that it had upheld the good name of the Common- 
wealth and that it had now returned to receive the welcome 
and gratitude of the public for its patriotic services. " The 
memories of the men of the Fifth who have fallen in the great 
cause, and whose bodies lie moldering in the soil of Virginia, 
Massachusetts will ever hold in grateful remembrance." 

Once more the line was formed, this time at ten minutes 
past four, when Capt. T. J. C. Amory of the regulars proceeded 
to muster out the regiment from the service of the United 
States. This ceremony took an hour and a half more of the 
afternoon and then the several captains, taking command of 
their respective companies, marched awaj^ with them home- 
ward. Before the final dismissal, Colonel Lawrence briefly 
addressed the regiment that had followed him so faithfully, 
thanking both officers and men for their noble efforts and 
hearty support. He wished them much happiness in their 
homes, and remarked that he had never issued an order that 
was not cheerfully obeyed. There was something akin to 
sadness in many hearts when the Colonel bade them fare- 
well until they should meet again, for though they were look- 
ing towards their homes, they could not forget the common 
dangers through which they had passed and which had united 
them closer, in some cases, than ties of blood. 

All of the foregoing was on Boston Common; to follow 
were the receptions in the respective cities and towns whence 
had marched the companies. Men of mark from all of these 
municipahties were present to accompany the " boys " home 
to Charlestown, Salem, Medford, and all of the places that had 
.-^ent organizations into the fray. There were more eating, 
drinking and hand-shaking in the town halls as fellow citizens 



92 



Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 



crowded up to greet the returning brave and then, last of all, 
came the meeting of nearest and dearest friends around the 
hearthstone and altar of home, closed to the eyes of the world, 
sacred to those most interested. 

Massachusetts was receiving back again those who sur- 
vived the enhstment of three months. The scenes of the 



\ 






\ '• V. 




HOME AGAIX. 



closing days of July and earlj' August were to be repeated on 
many a similar occasion, through more than four long and 
weary years, but very likely enthusiasm never ran higher 
than when these apt pupils in the school of war, the soldiers 
of the Fifth, came home from their brief tour of duty. Had 
they not accomplished every task set for them, had they not 
overstayed their time that they might add lustre to the name 
of the Commonwealth and make clearer still the significance 
of " faithful unto death"? The aptness of these students, 



July 21, '61. Bull Run Prisoners. 93 

in their lessons of the preceding quarter, was subsequently 
proven on hundreds of battlefields where, as officers and en- 
listed men, they exhibited the efficiency of Colonel Lawrence's 
drill and oftentimes, with their life-blood, sealed their devo- 
tion to the cause they loved. All honor to the Fifth Regiment, 
M. V. M., in its Three-months' or Minute-men Service. 

BULL RUN PRISONERS. 

The inexperience of both North and South was in no way 
better illustrated than in the lack of facilities both evidenced 
when the fate of battle threw numbers of the enemy into 
their respective hands. Just how to treat a captive foeman 
seemed a problem to the people of Richmond, and the journals 
of that capital city calmly discussed whether the prisoners 
should not be made to earn their keeping by labor on fortifi- 
cations, on roads and streets, or by way of punishment be sub- 
jected to the ceaseless toil of the treadmill. Records of the 
progress from the battlefield to Richmond are not numer- 
ous, yet we have something of a story from the respective 
volumes of the Hon. Alfred Ely, Member of Congress from 
Rochester, N. Y., who kept a journal of his experience, and 
the history of the 27th N. Y. Infantry, Col. H. W. Slocum, 
by C. B. Fairchild. To a certain extent, the experience of 
the Congressmen, the New York soldiers and those of the 
Fifth was the same. 

Says Mr. Ely: 

I was conducted, in company with about 600 officers and 
men, all prisoners of war, on foot, that evening to Manassas, 
a" distance of about seven miles from where I was arrested, 
over the dustiest road that it was ever my fortune to travel. 
The dust, so dense that it might almost be cut with a knife, 
the weather dry, and no water to be had, my mouth became 
so parched that it seemed impossible for me to move my 
tongue. On the march by the side of the road, a few of the 
soldiers' canteens were filled from dirty pools of water, and 
from one I took a draught which relieved me greatly. We 
reached Manassas about 9 o'clock in the evening. 



94 Fifth Regiment, jM. V. M., Three Months. 

One of the 27th N. Y,, taken at the Stone House, records: 

We were marched that night five miles to Manassas Junc- 
tion, where we remained till 3 o'clock the next day. It 
rained all night, and we had no cover, and nothing of any 
account to eat. We were kept standing in an open space — 
a solid mass of men; and what little food was given us was 
thrown into the pen, and most of it trampled into the mud 
before we could get it. 

Both accounts agree as to the disagreeable features of the 
night, the rain which beat upon them and which, at the same 
time, was adding torture to the retreat of their comrades 
towards Washington. Mr. Ely was conducted to the head- 
quarters of General Beauregard, seeing upon the piazza of the 
house Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederacy, who had 
come out to witness the engagement, fellow members of Con- 
gress as well as Beauregard himself. The quarters assigned 
to the officers were a " miserable old barn," already crowded 
with officers stretched upon the floor, and so numerous that 
there was scarcely room for the new comer to assume a like 
position. All was darkness save for a tin lantern in the 
hands of the guard, and one person could not be distinguished 
from another. There was only the filthy floor to lie upon, 
no blankets under or over, a sorry night to men unused to 
war; still it was not so bad as the condition of the enlisted 
men at that very time, for though just as gently reared, they 
were obliged to spend the pelting storm entirely in the open, 
with mud rather than a floor in or on which to rest. Personal 
incidents of men of the Fifth captured are few, but one sur- 
vivor narrates that, on himself and comrade finding them- 
selves in the hands of the foe, the comrade proffered his gold 
watch to the captors if they might be allowed to go free, and 
was indignanth' turned down. To the men taken in later 
days this appears strange indeed, since then there was a gen- 
eral search of every prisoner, and Avhatever he carried was 
considered spoils of war. The prisoner went to prison and 
his valuable into the pockets of the victor. 



July 23, '61. Bull Run Prisoners. 95 

The men soon understood that Richmond, 130 miles away, 
was their ultimate destination, and through the driving rain 
they were escorted during the day to a train of cars on the 
Virginia Central R. R. The departure, however, was slow, 
since the loading on of many wounded men took a deal of 
time, and it was not till after 4 p.m. that the train was started 
for the rebel capital. An all night's ride brought the slowly 
moving train to Gordonsville, sometime in the forenoon of the 
22d. The delay here was a lengthy one, in which food was 
given out, such as it was, to the hungry occupants of the cars, 
and the people had their fill of seeing the terrible " Yankees." 
Thej^ assembled from all the country-side to satisfy their curi- 
osity; the prisoners were not allowed out of the cars, though 
juvenile peddlers were not averse to entering and proffering 
their " handouts " for pay in the shape of the hated Union 
currency. The progress southward must have been exceed- 
ingly slow, since Mr. Ely's journal indicates and the scribe 
of the 27th plainly states that they did not reach Richmond 
until 8 o'clock in the evening of the 23d of July. 

There had been intimations that the reception of the pris- 
oners in the capital would be a warm one, though Major 
Prados, the officer in charge of the detail, assured his hapless 
charge that his 150 men would be sufficient to prevent any 
harm befalling the captives. The reception was all that had 
been promised; judging from the behavior of the chivalry, 
the Union prisoners had arrived at the head village of a tribe 
of Indians and that the latter were about to compel the Yan- 
kees to run the gauntlet. The mob was armed with clubs, 
bricks and stones, besides being filled with scoffs and curses, 
which they used freely in their accompanying the prisoners 
to the quarters assigned. The building into which the men 
from Bull Run were conducted, the first prison-house of the 
Confederacy, was Harwood's tobacco-factory, situated on 
Main Street, near Twenty-fifth, not so famous as the subse- 
quently notorious " Libby," but certainly conspicuous as the 
first structure devoted to the unhappy office of covering 



96 



P'iFTH Regiment, M. \ . M., Three Months. 



Union prisoners of war. Both Ely and the diarist of the N. Y. 
regiment give daily resumes for the summer and the begin- 
ning of autumn, when, Sept. 21st, a detachment including 
the most of our men of the Fifth was sent to the extreme 
south. In their stay in the Confederate capital, they were 
introduced to Wirz, later to be the best hated man in the 




H-\RWOOD TOBACCO- FACTORY. 



entire rebellious territory, and eventually to be hanged for his 
misdeeds, and Lieut. Todd, a brother of President Lincoln's 
^^■ife, both Wirz and Todd being in immediate charge of the 
prisoners, under the direction of John H. Winder, who here 
began the career which made his name synonymous with 
cruelty and tyranny in the memories of all the helpless men 
in his custody. Mrs. Lincoln's brother was no exception to 
the cruel character of those to whom was committed the care 
of Union prisoners. Says one of the annahsts: 

He is vicious and brutal in his treatment of his prisoners, 
and seldom enters the prison without grossly insulting some 
of the men. He always comes in with a drawn sword in his 
hand, and his voice and manner indicate his desire to com- 
mit some cruel wTong. I have seen him strike a wounded 
prisoner who was lying on the floor, and cut a heavy gash across 
his thigh -with his sword. 



Sept. 28, '61. Bull Run Prisoners. 97 

The Lieutenant was later killed in battle, as were the other 
two brothers of Mrs Lincoln. Some of the characteristics of 
Lieut. Todd were made the theme of one of the poetic effusions 
in "The Stars and Stripes," the outcome of intellectual effort 
when the prisoners had got down to their New Orleans prison- 
house. 

Unlike the Prisoner of Chillon, these of Richmond left 
their place of incarceration without a sigh, for they argued 
any change would be an improvement. Little could they 
foresee the horrors of Belle Isle and Andersonville. Once 
more in the street with clear air and sunshine, they just had 
to give three cheers for the Stars and Stripes, and they were 
not sorry, though it did bring down upon them a "charge 
baj'onet" of the guards. The act was contagious, and men in 
other prisons took up the refrain, to the infinite chagrin of the 
hostile accompaniment. The route southward was through 
Petersburg, Goldsboro, N. C, both names to become famous 
in later j^ears; Sumter, S. C, Kingsville, Orangeburg, and 
Augusta, Ga. Everywhere the prisoners are objects of 
derision and fiercest scorn, a sure- mark of the small advance 
the people had made from barbarism. Next came Atlanta, 
to be known worldwide in a few brief years, thence to Mont- 
gomery, Ala., the first capital of the Confederacy, where 
the people were more civil than they had been elsewhere. 
Thence they ride down the Alabama River on a steamboat 
and under the rebel flag to Mobile, reaching the city on the 
28th of September. Having ridden in box cars, on plank 
seats, Jackson, the capital of Mississippi, is reached the next 
day, twenty-four hours without food. 

It was Sunday, and even the churches were closed, that the 
people might have a chance to see the hated Yankees, the 
latter looking more like real folks than the natives had sup- 
posed. The guards had a fine repast served to them, and what 
was left they generously passed over to their hungry charge. 
New Orleans was reached on the last day of the month. The 
crowd being so great that the guard was afraid to face it, the 
7 



98 Fifth Regiment, yi. V. M., Three Months. 

train was run back several miles and did not return until sev- 
eral hours later. By that time, the populace was so well in 
hand that it was thought proper to debark the train-load, and 
to please the vast crowds, the prisoners were marched over 
and through a large part of the city, thus marking a day of 
triumph in this modern Rome. The end of the march is at 
the doors of the parish prison, through whose portals the tired 
travelers pass, glad for any place in which to lay their weary 
bodies. The authorities in Richmond had thought to divide 
the responsibilities and burden of caring for so many captives 
by sending a part of them to this remote part of the Confed- 
eracy. 

As a solace in their confinement, these men of active minds 
produced, at intervals, a paper called by them "The Stars and 
Stripes," and no doubt added to their strength and endurance 
by so doing. After his return north, Wm. C. Bates, one of 
the prisoners, supervised its publication in Boston, 1862. 
Long out of print, it is now one of the rare bits of Rebellionana. 

PRISONERS OF WAR OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT, 
M. V. M., IN 1861 

By William C. Bates,* Co. G. 

A score of men who left Massachusetts in April, 1861, in 
the ranks of the Fifth Regiment found themselves inside 
the walls of a Richmond prison before the end of July, 1861. 
Here was a part of the large body of Union soldiers captured 

*No person was more prominent in furthering the project of a history 
of the regiment than Comrade Bates. All of the meetings of the Publication 
Committee, of which he was chairman, were held in his office, and Mon- 
day, Oct. 24, he heard the reading of this, the first part of the story. 
Friday, the 3d of November, he was in Boston as usual, and perhaps 
the last letter written bj^ him was sent that day to me. He went 
home to Newton earlier than usual, not feeling well, and the next 
day died, thus realizing the force of that passage in the Prayer-book, 
which he loved so well, "In the midst of life we are in death." ' Always 
the thorough gentleman, it was a decided pleasure to find in a letter wTitten 
home by his Lieutenant, Charles Bowers, these words: "Such a charm- 
ing companion as Bates to join me in pleasant rambles whenever a leisure 
hour comes around."; — A. S. R. 



July 23, '61. Richmond, Va. 99 

at the first Battle of Bull Run, reported " missing " and 
afterwards accounted for as " prisoners," upwards of a thou- 
sand men. Here men were quartered in various militarj^ 
prisons improvised from tobacco warehouses, cotton factories 
and jails at Richmond, later in Charleston, New Orleans, 
Tuscaloosa, Sahsbury, N. C, and Macon, Ga. These men 
were held in confinement until the end of May, 1862, when 
they were paroled at Salisbury, N. C, under the following 
* terms, and delivered to the Federal forces at Washington, N. 
C, May 23 and subsequently. 

The following form of parole was subscribed to by several 
hundred men after ten months' imprisonment: 

We, the undersigned, prisoners of war to the Confederate 
States, swear that, if released, we will not take up arms during 
the existing war against the Confederate States until we are 
regularly exchanged, and that we will not communicate in 
any manner anything that may injure the cause of the Con- 
federate States which may have come to our knowledge, or 
which we may have heard since our capture. 

Signed at Salisbury, N. C, May 22, 1862. 

No continuous record of the prison experience of these 
men has been compiled; glimpses may be had here and there 
in regimental histories, notably in the History of the 27th 
Regiment N. Y. Vols., and in a httle volume published in 
Boston in 1862, " The Stars and Stripes in Rebellion," a 
series of papers written by Federal prisoners (privates) in 
Richmond, New Orleans, and Salisbury, N. C. While the 
prisoners of the Fifth M. V. M., or Minute-men, as they 
happen to be called, do not desire to pose as martyrs, they 
may be excused for desiring that their unique and rather 
unusual experiences of prison life in southern prisons may be- 
come part of the history of a notable military organization. 

The soldier arriving in prison quarters quickly occupies 
himself in learning " how to live." He drops into squads of 
apparently congenial men to receive and divide rations, an- 
swer roll call, and generally make the best of it, talk over 



^fiS63; 



100 



Fifth Regiment, ]\I. \'. AL, Three jXIonths. 



the prospect of release, and act out his nature, optimistic or 
melancholy'. The three months' men of the Fifth Regiment 
probably had as much cause for homesickness as often falls 
to the lot of men. Their companions were by this time 
(the last of July) already near Massachusetts, their enlist- 
ment expired, and soon to be safe inside the open door of 
home, while before the prisoners was the prospect of weary 




WM. C. BATES, 1861. 




WM. C, BATES, 191U. 



months of imprisonment, with himger^ filth and degradation 
surrounding them. At such a time individual character 
asserts itself; the strong sustain the weak, and in a few days 
life becomes more endurable. The authorities make attempts 
at supplying rations and sanitary conveniences; the standard 
of population is the number of men that can lie on the floor 
of the rooms of the tobacco-houses; the hours of meals were 



July 23, '61. 



Richmond, Va. 



101 



fixed according to the resources of the cuisine. In these 
first days even Sergeant Wirz, later so famous, was compara- 
tively amicable at times. Confederate officers talked and 
argued with intelhgent prisoners more or less, but this was 
not conducive to amiable conclusions and was not long con- 
tinued. The Richmond papers advocated putting the Yankee 
prisoners at work on the fortifications, or at the coal mines 
in Virginia, and the United States seemed to have forgotten 
their flagless soldiers. Before two months had passed the 
Confederate Government found the problem of feeding the 
increasing number of prisoners getting beyond its capacity, 
and devised the plan of quartering them on the larger cities of 
the South, sending them in five hundred lots to New Orleans, 
Charleston, Tuscaloosa, Macon, Montgomery and Mobile. 

Members of the Fifth M. V. M. captured at first Battle of 
Bull Run: 



Henry T. Briggs (A) 
^''-Samuel A. Cate (A) 
'■'George B. Aborn (B) 
Jas. H. Griggs (B) 
*Frank L. Tibbetts (B) 
*Edward Foster (C) 
*James S. Shaw (D) 
*J. H. Hoyt (E) 
Isaac M. Low (F) 
''"Bernard McSweeney (F) 
^Stephen O'Hara (F) 
Cyrus F. Wardwell (F) 
*Edward F. Williams (F) 
*Wm. S.Rice (G) 
*Cyrus S. Hosmer (G) 
*Wm. C. Bates (G) 
Edw, S. Wheeler (G) 
*Henry L. Wheeler (G) 
*Geo. W. Dow (H) 
*Wm. Shanley (H) 
Henry A. Angier (K) 



Danvers, Mass. 
E. Somerville. 



Oxford, Me. 



Lowell, Mass. 



Somerville, Mass. 



*Deceased. Vide Roster. 



](V2 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 

^Converse A. Babcock (K) 

*Samuel E. Chandler (K) 

Geo. T. Ghilfls (K) St. Albans, Vt. 

It was a melancholy outlook for the young Massachusetts 
soldiers when they w^ere dispatched to the other end of the 
Confederacy almost at the beginning of the war; the hope 
of release seemed to be indefinitely postponed; the duration 
of the resistance possible to the Confederate States was soon 
to be greatly extended; from a three months' campaign it 
was recognized as a possibility of 3'ears, and the spirits of the 
men fell proportionately. Rolls were made of five hun- 
dred men and these were sent off in two detach- 
ments under Wirz; the first, Sept. 21st, 1861. 
Those of us who had received in youthful years anti- 
slavery teaching recalled the tales of slave gangs taken from 
Virginia to the auction markets of New Orleans. Wirz 
seemed to guard the men with an eye to their market value, 
so escape was rare, and by October 1st the whole number was 
safely delivered to the Provost Marshal of New Orleans, Gen. 
Palfrey, of a Massachusetts family, and by him domiciled in 
the Parish Prison, under contract for food and lodging with 
the sheriff of the city, or so it seemed to us. 

One wing of the prison had been emptied of its civil crimi- 
nals, and the three corridors of cells, with use of the large yard 
with flagged floor and running water (a portion of the day), 
were turned over to the military prisoners. These were the 
quarters of five hundred men (privates) for the next four 
months, when they were removed pending the capture of 
the city by Farragut and its occupation b}^ Butler. 

The cells aknig these corridors were filled with prisoners 
or war, as many as could possibly lie on the floor. One of 
them, J. W. Dickens, of Ohio, wrote for the Stars and Stripes 
the following, a gem of poetry : 

*i)('ccast'd. Vide Ro.sler. 



Oct., '61— Jan., '62. New Orleans, La. 103 

Fragment. 

By J. W. D. 

'Twas midnight, and save the tread 

Of unneeded sentinel, quiet as of the dead 

Reigned. An angel, clothed in robes of mist, 

Looked in upon the slumbering forms, and kissed 

The brows of those whose thought in sleep 

Reverted to the ones (whom may God's presence keep 

From danger or distress) they'd left behind. 

With sympathetic touch she loosed the mind 

Of each; then gathering with nervous hand 

Her train, she passed o'er all the land. 

And with a calm delight bent o'er 

The forms of those, the minds she bore 

Had thought on. Then in her mystic veil folded 

Them, and each thought was in them all remoulded. 

Parish Prison, New Orleans, February, 1861. 

Romance in Rebel Prison, 1861. 

Not many days had passed in the tobacco-factory before 
squads of soldiers began to get acquainted, for mutual asso- 
ciations and encouragement, and mental and moral support. 
Chess, playing cards, checkers, singing clubs, and the making 
of small bone ornaments gave occupation and warded off 
dread melancholy. 

One of our men confided to us that only the previous winter 
he had been a resident of Richmond, and had become engaged 
to an estimable young woman. " The deuce you did," we 
exclaim, " and what are you going to do about it?" " Oh! 
there won't be much to do, I guess. I'll let her know I am 
here, but I don't want to make her any trouble by knowing 
a d — d Yankee prisoner." Harry opened correspondence 
with the young lady and finally made a date, that she should 
join the crowd across the street, and wear a red ribbon at 
her neck and look for him at the second story corner window, 
Sunday afternoon, at three o'clock; care would have to be 
taken that Harry should not come too near the window and 
so invite a shot from the sentry on the street — an occasional 
incident. 



104 Fifth Regiment, :\I. V. M., Three Months. 

• This tragic tryst continued for several weeks, and those 

rough men with gallantry left Harry to his window, and who 

can tell what telepathic currents were left unhindered by 

those unarmored knights? The months passed and Harry 

was ill, but a detail of five hundred prisoners was to be sent to 

New Orleans; a single hand clasp, as closely guarded prisoners 

filed into the box cars making up the Swiss Sergeant's (Wirz) 

train, was all the young couple were vouchsafed until the cruel 

war was over. 

" A soldier of the legion lay dying in Algiers: 
There was lack of woman's nursing, 
There was dearth of woman's tears." 




PARISH PRISON, NEW ORLEANS. 



On arriving at the Parish Prison, October, 1861, the Fed- 
eral soldiers found themselves under conditions quite different 
from those of the prisoners going to Macon, Sahsbury, Tus- 
caloosa, and Charleston, and will show marked difference in 
character, associations and results. Of these five hundred 
men about seventy-five were from New England, twenty- 
four from the Fifth Massachusetts?, about twenty from Ober- 
lin, Ohio (undergraduates of Oberlin College), and all were 



Oct., '61— Jan., '62. New Orleans, La. 105 

of those who enlisted under Lincoln's first call for volunteers. 
The variety of age, nationality, religion, occupation of the 
Union Army was represented, and individual character had 
opportunity to appear with marked effect not only on the 
men, but on the history of the period; soon after settling down 
to the new conditions, rations, quarters, and associating 
fellowship, the Oberlin students arranged Bible study, Sunday 
services and prayer meetings, while the Boston contingent 
organized a Lyceum and Debating Society with weekly meet- 
ings; the first subject debated, Nov. 28, being, " Resolved: 
that the present war will be ended by the spring of 1862." 
Doubtless had the contest depended on the will and wishes 
of these prisoners, the result would have been as they decided. 
One of the products of this latter was a newspaper, " The 
Stars and Stripes." This was written on envelopes and slips 
of paper from old books, and read at the meetings of the 
twenty or thirty members. By a happy thought these papers 
were preserved, and on the return to Boston were printed and 
now can be availed of to throw light upon the character and 
surroundings of these first volunteers of the Union Army, of 
which the three months' men of the Fifth were a part. 

One avocation of the men not unusual to prisoners of all 
sorts, where the existing conditions permit, was the making 
of ornaments, tools, etc., in bone, obtained from the cook or 
butcher, and sold to visitors or guard, or exchanged for bread 
or soup. One member of a Massachusetts company was able 
to sell his silver watch to one of the cook's assistants for 
" half a biscuit a day as long as we stay in this prison"; this 
gave his companions and himself comparative luxury for the 
two months remaining before they were all removed to Salis- 
bury, N. C. Apropos of the bone working, one of the craft 
sent the following to the editor of " The Stars and Stripes " for 
the week: 

Sonnet on Bones. 

I propose to give in homely rhyme 

A few hints to those who are prone 
To spend the few hours of prison-time 

In manufacturing bone. 



106 Fifth Regiivient, M. Y. M., Three Months. 

For though the labor is hard indeed, 
And in mone}- but \-ery small pay, 

Yet it gives us the exercise we need 
To keep disease away. 

And first of all a bone must be got, 

Wliich as bones are weighed, not made, 

Is not an easy task, I wot, 

Where so many are in the trade. 

Here I'll tell you a plan you can try, 
It has Dominique for a voucher, — 

He says that bones can be got on the sly. 
By giving a ring to the butcher. 

Bones that are raw are best, I opine 

(Though some prefer bones that are boiled), 

As the first will easily take a shine, 

For which in vain on the other I've toiled. 

It matters not much which you take, 
If 'tis only heavy, clear and bright, 

And if a thing of value you'd make, 
Your bone must be perfectly white. 

Now, here let me advise, 

That you have saw and knife of your own, 
For at least 'tis very unwise 

To be bothering friends for a loan 

If you borrow my saw, 'tis my hope 

That you'll use it as I myself do. 
Put on plenty of water and soap, 

-\nd carry your band firm and true. 

If any device you would raise 

On the top of the ring that j^ou make, 

The edge of the bone j^ou always 
For the face of the ring must take. 

If the bone is to be reduced much. 

The light-colored stones are the quickest; 

But for gixdng the finishing touch. 

The dark-colored stones are the slickest. 

I'll tell 3^ou where is the best one, — 

Near the barrels on the side ne.xt the tub. 

Where, if any nice work is to be done, 
I give the finishing rub. 

To assist 3'ou in shaping the bone, 

And briefly — I'll only just say, 
That at the point where most weight is put on, 

The bone will wear fastest away. 



Oct., '61— Jan., '62. New Orleans, La. 107 

By experience here I have found 

That in making the hole for the ring, 
A piece of cloth round your knife-handle wound 

Is what your sojer boys call — " a big thing." 

For smoothing them inside and out, 

A properly shaped piece of brick 
Is better, beyond a doubt, 

Than the old-fashioned sand on a stick. 

If hke a very rare gem, 

You'd have them take polish as bright, 
In soap and water just put them, 

And let them lie there over night. 

A piece of thick woolen cloth 

With some brick-dust sprinkled thereon, 
Is the best thing that I know of, 

To put a finish on bone. 

Don't make your rings too stout, 

Beauty for lack of strength will atone — 
Who wishes to carry about 

A great clumsy chunk of a bone? 

If a handsome stiletto you'd make, 

That you'll not be ashamed to carry home, 

The greatest care you should take 
In shaping the finger and thumb. 

Would you get up a book, an anchor, or heart, 

That you may expect to admire, 
Give it the utmost extent of your art. 

No matter how much time 'twill require. 

We know that rings must buy bread. 

But remember the dear ones at home, 
And make up some nice things ahead, 

To carry when the " good time " shall come. 

The " good time " is coming, my friends, 

May it see none but joyful tears; 
Grind bone till captivity ends, 

And away with your doubts and fears. 

[By S. B. Simmons, First Rhode Island Regiment. From 
"Stars and Stripes," Parish Prison, New Orleans, 1861.] 

Among the men there was a good deal of discussion as to 
the justice of our government neglecting to arrange an ex- 
change of prisoners. To help formation of a correct public 



108 



Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 



sentiment the following article appeared in "The Stars and 
Stripes," Dec. 12, 1861 : 




IXTERIOR PARISH PRISON. 



A Word Upon Exchange. 

My. Editor. Sir: Allow me, through the columns of 
your valuable paper, to offer a slight rebuke to a class of in- 
dividuals, of whom I am sorr}^ to say there are quite a number 
amongst us. I denominate them "the growlers," and their 
chief offense consists in their complaining continually of the 
Federal government because it does not gratify the Southern 
Confederacy^ and them by consenting to a regular exchange of 
prisoners. Let me, sir, in as brief a manner as possible, 
endeavor to show them the folly and selfishness of such a 
course. It is acknowledged on all hands that if the Federal 
government agrees to exchange prisoners in the manner usual 
between two nations at war with each other, it will virtually 
acknowledge this so-called Southern Confederacy to have the 
rights of a nation. The course of our government, the 
opinions of the press, and the anxious endeavor of the rebels 
to bring about such an arrangement, are sufficient evidence 
to establish the position I have assumed, without recourse to 
further argument. It will not be denied that the fond hope 
and chief reliance of the leaders of this rebellion was in the 



Oct., '61— Jan., '62. New Okleans, La. 109 

belief that foreign governments would be obliged to recog- 
nize them. The most sanguine of them have been obliged to 
rehnquish all hope of such an event. Would it then be wise 
for our own government to adopt the very course that in 
other nations they have been exerting strenuous efforts to 
prevent? Can we be so selfish as to imagine for one moment 
that it is the duty of our government to sacrifice the welfare 
of twentj' millions of people — and of who can tell how many 
millions yet unborn? — for the sake of returning to civilized 
life two or three thousand men who volunteered their lives, 
if need be, to protect the government they now so unjustly 
censure? I should consider it one of the greatest evils that 
could befall me if for a single moment my fidelity to the 
Federal government should be doubted. Our sufferings are 
as nothing compared with those of our forefathers in their 
struggle to establish what we now support. It is natural 
that men should grow irritable and gloomy, situated as we are, 
and if one does not carefully examine the case, he will be apt 
to find fault with our government; we hope, however, these 
few words will call all back to reason. Depend upon it, our 
government is, and has been, doing all that consistently hes 
in its power to release us. I doubt not it has made honorable 
proposals to our captors for our release, but they have been 
rejected simpl}^ because they do not gratify their pride and 
fulfill their hopes of recognition. If it is possible for our 
government to release us, they will. Let us, then, bear up 
bravely under our trials, until such time as either our victorious 
arms or successful diplomacy may honorably release us. 

Truly yours, 

Contentment. 

No. 4 of •' The Stars and Stripes," or that for Dec. 19th 
leads off with as fine a specimen of irony as could or can be 
found anywhere, remembering the loud boasting of the South 
and the impoverished condition in which the people speedily 
found themselves. 

Singular Facts Established During the Rebellion of 1861. 

Wooden shoes are superior to leather ones; they are more 
phable. Cotton cloth is far warmer than woolen, and more 
endurable. When enough corn is raised in one year to supply 
the people for two years, it is necessary to raise the price two 



110 Fifth Regiment, M. V. ^I., Three Months. 

hundred per cent, higher than when none is grown. Rye 
coffee is much superior to Mocha. All the soldiers in the 
Southern army are "gentlemen" (query — what kind of a 
gentleman is the individual who, for the last two or three 
daj's, has carried out the refuse?). Red, blue, or green pieces 
of pasteboard are superior to coin as a circulating medium. 
In the South, there are any quantity of fine-salt mines, yet 
the people prefer to use coarse. Orange-leaves make much 
better tea than hj^son does. The Southern army is always 
victorious, and yet never fails to fall back when the enemy 
advances; and it is an utter impossibility for them to lose 
more than one man. 

The week just passed (Jan. 15, 1862) is perhaps the one to 
be longest remembered by the prisoners of war in New Orleans, 
unless it be the week which shall witness our departure. The 
government has sent to us a full supply of clothing, with its 
usual liberality. The supply sent is abundant; every man is 
now comfortably clothed, either for remaining here or going 
home. Of the distribution of the clothing we have less reason 
to complain than we expected. Instead of a few dozen shirts 
finding their way to the backs of Confederate soldiers and other 
criminals, it is perhaps surprising that the whole cases of 
coats or pants were not lost (?) on the way from Norfolk to 
New Orleans. Gen. Palfrey,* we say, has done his duty; the 
clothing was given out impartially and expeditiously, with as 
much care as would have been used in our own army. We 
suppose our fellow soldiers in Tuscaloosa have been sim- 
ilarly provided for. 

*Henry William Palfrey, Brigadier-General of Militia and Provost 
Marshal of New Orleans in 1861, was a native of Boston, Feb. S, 1798, 
a brother of John G. Palfrey, the distinguished historian of New Eng- 
land. Their father, John Palfrey, settled in New Orleans in 1810, accom- 
panied by two sons, H. W. and Wm. Taylor, both of them relatives of 
Edward A. Palfrey, We-st Point, 1851, and who was a prominent officer in 
the Confederate service. When the Provost Marshal visited the prison, he 
wa.s recognized by Wm. C. Bates as one of the speakers at the banquet 
served in Faneuil Hall, Boston, July 4th, 1859. When accosted by the 
prisoner the officer was not a little surprised, but he recovered enough 
to remark: "Well, didn't I give them what they deserved?" On the 
occasion named, the poet was William Winter, the orator George Sumner, 
brother of the more famous Senator. He had criticised the then recent 



OcT.,'61— Jan., '62. New Orleans, La. HI 

There is one thing in this connection we have to say. We 
have reason to beheve that a deep-laid plot exists on the part 
of the officers near us, aided by the captain of this prison, to 
induce the men to sell their clothing at a small part of its real 
value. They wish to clothe whole companies in the good 
substantial clothing of Uncle Sam. To accomplish this, the 
criminals are authorized to buy what they can; and the 
guards are put up to trade for shoes, shirts, or anything they 
can barter for. They openly boast that in a month's time 
they will have uniforms enough for an entire company. 
Soldiers of the Army! this must not be. The idea is an insult 
to your honor. See to it that you prove yourselves above 
such cupidity. We know you need only to be warned in time, 
to be saved from such shame. For the honor of our country, 
go out of this prison well clothed in the most honorable gar- 
ments you can wear — those of the United States soldier. 

Parish Prison, N. O., January, 1862. 

A meeting was held in the yard this morning, January 18th, 
to consider the expedience of adopting some measures to 
prevent the selling of clothing to the enemy. Mr. Bates 
called the meeting to order, and on motion, Mr. Stiles of Ohio 
was chosen chairman. The meeting was then addressed by 



decision of the Supreme Court in the Dred Scott case. The toast to 
which General Palfrey was called to speak was, "The Cotton States: 
Producers of the staple we consume and consumers of the manufactures 
we produce, etc." In speaking the General said he was a native of Boston, 
but his fifty years of living in New Orleans would not permit him to sit 
and hear, unchallenged, the defiance hurled against the laws of the country 
and the courts, and more to similar effect. He concluded by offering the 
sentiment, " Boston and New Orleans: Two of the most important cities 
in the Union ; linked together by the strongest ties of patriotic and commer- 
cial interests, may they always be ready, as in the past, to defend the 
principles of our Glorious Union." To recall, so far away from Boston, 
such an incident was pleasant to both prisoner and officer. In many ways 
General Palfrey indicated his friendly feelings for the unfortunate captives. 
He lost his life, Oct. 3, 1866, in the foundering at sea of the steamer 
"Evening Star." For the genealogical facts in the above, I am indebted 
indirectly to Mr. Geo. W. Cable of Northampton and directly to Mr. 
Frank A. Palfrey of New Orleans, son of General Edward A. Palfrey, 
himself the son of Robert J. Palfrey, who was a first cousin of the Provost 
Marshal.- -A. S. R. 



112 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 

Mr. Bates, of Massachusetts; Mr. Dickens, of New York; 
Mr. Hendrickson, of Maine, and Sergt. Bohm, of Ohio, in 
able and patriotic speeches. A committee of five was ap- 
pointed to report to our government any cases of the disposing 
of clothing to the enemy. The committee consists of Wheeler, 
of Mass.; Hendrickson, of Maine; Bohm of Ohio; Edmiston, 
of Pennsylvania, and Dickson, of New York. The meeting 
adjourned sine die. 

[It is interesting to note that nearly- every number of 
"The Stars and Stripes" has an announcement of the regular 
praj^er-meetings and the Bible class, though it was seemingly 
incongruous that they should be held in certain "cells." In 
this connection it is not amiss to note that possibly the prison 
song of war times beginning, 'Tn m}- prison cell I sit," etc., 
may have come from this New Orleans experience, for all the 
world knows that the many thousands of Yankees who were 
held in Richmond, Anderson ville, and Salisburj' knew nothing 
of "cells." What more reasonable than that a copj^ of "Stars 
and Stripes" may have come into the hands of Henry C. Work 
and from his reading there arose the wording of his "Tramp, 
tramp, tramp"? — A. S. R.] 

The Flagless Company of Patriots. 

As noted above there were among the prisoners a number 
of students from Oberlin College who took part in occasional 
prayer-meetings and Bible classes. The prisoners at times 
asked for Sunday services, to which the Provost Marshal 
(Palfrey) consented; quite naturally the Episcopalians sug- 
gested that an Episcopal clergyman come in, and on one 
occasion this request was granted, and the Episcopalians 
were quite happy in having one of their own connection 
conduct the services, but unfortunately, when that portion of 
the ritual came to the prayer for the President, the clergyman 
proceeded according to the form of the Southern Church, 
and in a rotund voice prayed for Jefferson Davis, President 
of the Confederate States of America. The assembled 
audience with one accord rose from their knees and with jeers 



Oct., '61— Jan., '62. New Orleans, La. 113 

and cries of derision started for their cells, whereby the 
service was seriously interrupted. There was not much 
use for apologies to the minister. 

It is probable that the first feeling on being taken a prisoner 
is of sadness at the loss to the country, and all it means, 
rather than of personal disappointment, and yet subsequent 
homesickness is one of the greatest causes of illness and 
despondence, and no doubt a serious increase of mortahty. 
The love of the flag is not an idle sentiment to the imprisoned 
soldier, for henceforth he leads a flagless life. Above him 
floats the flag of the Confederacy, and how he hates that flag! 
It means more to him than it does to the ordinary citizen, 
as it is the flag of his country. On one occasion, Christmas, 
'61, it occurred to some of the prisoners that a celebration 
appropriate to the day and the situation should be held by 
the prisoners. The program of music and recitations was 
provided. The platform entrance to one of the second 
story cells furnished a good rostrum, and at the proper time 
the men would assemble in the court of the prison, and a 
program of recitations and songs proceeded. Finally, towards 
the end of the exercises when the enthusiasm of the audience 
had attained marked success, it came to Childs (Co. K) to 
sing from this elevated position in sight of the audience the 
" Star Spangled Banner." The attention of these flagless 
men was intense, and when he came to the lines " The Star 
Spangled Banner shall yet wave. O'er the land of the free and 
the home of the brave," Childs drew from his breast a little 
silk flag that somebody had preserved, in proportion 8" x 10", 
and waved it before these excited men, then the enthusiasm 
rose to an unrestrained height with shouts and cheers of joy. 
Those who were present can never forget the emotions of 
that exceptional moment. The prisoners were called to 
order by the attendants and sent to their cells for punishment 
for 24 hours, which was a trifle. They had testified to their 
devotion to the flag of their country. 



114 Fifth Regiment, M. \'. M., Three Months. 

(Two prison letters from a Co. G boy.) 

Richmond, Va.. July 30, 1861. 

My dear Mother: 

I was taken prisoner at the battle of Manassas and the next 
day was taken to this place with others. There are five of 
the Concord company here, viz., Sidney Rice, Cyrus, Hosmer, 
Edward Wheeler, — ^ Bates of Boston, and myseF. We are 
treated well and have plenty of everything but liberty; do 
not be uneasy on my account. I will return as soon as pos- 
sible, but when that will be, you know as well as I. 

Yours affectionately, 

H. L. Wheeler. 

We are all well and hearty. 

Salisbury, N. C, April 20th, '62. 

My dear Mother: 

I have not received any letters from you or anj- one at home 
since coming here and I feel quite anxious about 3'ou. Since 
m}'' last letter to you, nothing of interest has happened (to) 
me. We are all well and do not want for anything but liberty, 
that we do not expect at present, but we hope the day of our 
release is not very distant, until then you must do the best 
you can for yourselves at home, and not trouble yourselves 
any at all on my account, as I can take care of myself any- 
where. I have made great plans for the future, if God would 
spare my life until peace is restored to our country, and if He 
sees fit to take it, I hope to meet you in that better world 
above. that we all may meet there as a family is of far 
more importance than another meeting on earth. I have 
never realized the importance of a good and holy life until 
since I became a prisoner. 

From Henry. 

The envelope containing this letter bears the frank of John L. N. Stratton, 
Member of Congress in those daj's from New Jerse}^ Such letters were 
forwarded tlirough tlie kindness of Congressmen, since the prisoners 
themselves had no stamps. — A. S. R. 

In February, '62, the New Orleans prisoners were trans- 
ferred to Salisbury, North Carolina, thus introducing that 
place to the rest of the world, fated to become in following 
years as famous as the Black Hole of Calcutta or the Hellish 
Conciergerie of Paris, though the possibilities of suffering 



February, '62. 



Salisbury, N. C. 



115 



here were not unfolded to these earher prisoners. The start 
from New Orleans was made Feb. 6th and the impression was 
given that it was for an immediate release, but after a nine 
days' trip the men found themselves, one very dark and stormy 
night, alighting at an unknown station, whence, through the 
mud and darkness, they marched some distance on and were 
turned into a large building wholly unlighted, on whose floors, 
however, the weary travelers were glad to throw themselves 




OLD COTTON INIILL, SALLSBURY, N. C 



at once." Morning revealed the quarters to be a large, unused 
cotton-mill in Salisbury, and here the remainder of their stay 
in Rebeldom was to be spent. It was here that the histrionic 
talent of the men was exhibited, and in some inscrutable 
manner they managed to arrange and equip after a fashion a 
stage on which they played dramas, most wonderful to behold. 
How the dress of a woman was ever smuggled into the prison, 
only those implicated can tell, but there it was with a masculine 
occupant, who played his feminine part so well that Confederate 



116 Fifth Regiment, I\I. \. M., Three Months. 

officers drew their swords and rushed towards the performers, 
demanding to know how that woman got there. Though 
the revelation appeased them, the lovelorn prisoners could 
not be satisfied until they had crowded upon the stage and 
with their embraces nearly smothered the Yankee counterfeit 
maiden. It is claimed that Confederate and considerate 
officers assisted in equipping the stage and in securing costumes. 
The only men of the Fifth who participated in the playing 
were Bates of G and Childs of K. As time wore on, men who 
had held up bravely through the Xew Orleans tests, here 
lost their courage and, giving up completely, were the first of 
those whose burial trenches now hold more than 13,000 
unnamed Union lovers wdthin the Salisbury inclosure. 

The day of release from this Old North State prison came 
May 23d, when having signed their parole, they were marched 
out of the pen and to the railroad station, whence by train 
the}' went to Tarboro, where, going aboard an open scow, 
they were towed down the Tar River to Washington, under 
the Confederate flag and the white one of truce, the Union 
forces having already occupied this place, named for the 
Father of his Country. Never had the Union flag seemed 
half so beautiful as when these men saw it floating from the 
masthead of a Federal gunboat, but the cheers they were 
going to give when their Union saviors came alongside, died 
breathless; they were too happy for expression. Very soon 
they found themselves upon a Government transport, beneath 
the Starry Banner and " Homeward Bound." Three days 
of steam and wave brought them to New York, whence little 
time was lost in dpi)arting for the sheltering haven of old 
Massachusetts. 




OFFICERS FIFTH REGIMENT 

VETERAN ASSOCIATION, 

1904-5. 





COLONEL GEORGE H. PEIRSON. 



NINE MONTHS' SERVICE. 
Preliminary. 

Early in July, 1862, President Lincoln issued an order 
calling for 300,000 volunteers to serve for three years, or until 
the end of the war, for the purpose of forming new regiments 
or for filling the ranks of those already in the service. Of this 
great number 15,000 were assigned to Massachusetts. On the 
7th of July, Adjutant-general Schouler issued General Order 
No. 26, apportioning the levy to the cities and towns. The 
response to this order was prompt, enthusiastic and inspiring, 
but its demands had not been fully met before there came from 
the President, August 4th, another call for " Three Hundred 
Thousand More," for nine months, these men to be drafted. 
The demand from Massachusetts in this call was 19,080 men, 
or quite 4000 more than in the previous summons. On what 
basis the apportionment was made, no one ever knew, though 
it was found, on adding the two apportionments, that the 
aggregate, 34,080, bore about the same proportion to the 
600,000 that the free population of the Commonwealth did 
to the similar population of those states in which the majority 
of the people had shown themselves loyal and to be Union 
supporters. 

The thought of a draft, however, was repugnant to the 
feelings of those in authority and equally disagreeable to the 
people at large, they being ready to make the most strenuous 
efforts to raise the required number by volunteering before 
the time for drafting should arrive. Accordingly they early 
sought to know what would be required of the several munici- 
palities, a difficult question to answer because of the fact that 
many towns had far exceeded their quotas and, besides, the 
enrollment of the militia was also in considerable confusion. 
In the solving of the problems thus arising, no more efficient 



120 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

aid was given the Department of the Adjutant-general than 
that rendered by Prof. Charles W. Eliot, of Harvard, 
later to become the famous President of the University. It 
was early determined to call upon the militia regiments for 
further service, as well as to raise a certain number of new 
regiments. To the everlasting credit of Massachusetts, it 
should be recorded that the demands for both calls were met 
without recourse to the distasteful draft, thus far all of her 
soldiery being volunteers. 

Repeatedly Governor Andrew requested from the National 
Government the postponement of the draft, and its infliction 
was finally left to his discretion, and with the above result. 
What efforts were made to fill the quotas and so stave off the 
dread imposition! The Governor requested that all of the 
places of business in the State be closed in the afternoon, 
during the last week in August, and in Boston this request 
culminated in a monster mass meeting on the Common, 
addressed by the city's two most famous orators, Edward 
Everett and Robert C. Winthrop, besides the Governor him- 
self, whose closing words to the immense throng were, telling 
the possible soldiers to go into any one of the regiments then 
in the field or those in formation, " But go somewhere. Go 
now, go together, all of you, and heaven bless you. Save 
and preserve our country, and be with our children forever, 
as God has been with our fathers until now." On Sunday, 
August 10th, he had addressed an audience of 8000 people 
at the Martha's Vineyard camp meeting, who, he was sure, 
were with him in political faith and the emotions of the hour, 
making there what he always considered the best speech of 
his life. It was here that he uttered the famous expression, 
so often quoted, " I know not what record of sin awaits me 
in another world, but this I know, that I was never mean 
enough to despise any man because he was ignorant, or because 
he was poor, — or because he was black." The " Amens " 
and shouts of " Glorj^ " that greeted this sentiment told 
where the hearts of his listeners were. 



August, '62. The Companies. 121 

The year following the return of the Fifth from its three 
months' tour of duty had not been particularly encouraging 
to the Union cause, and the more recent disastrous conclusion 
of the Peninsular campaign had filled many a heart with fore- 
bodings, yet when, on the 14th of August, the call came for 
the regiment to again advance, there was an immediate agree- 
ment to go. A meeting of the commissioned officers of the 
Fifth was held that very day, in Charlestown, and they voted 
unanimously to tender their services for nine months in the 
field. This action was reported by Colonel Peirson to the 
Governor, who at once accepted and ordered the regiment 
to be filled to the maximum. Though the numerical desig- 
nation of the regiments in the first and second service was the 
same, there was really very little identity in the two organi- 
zations. As may be seen in the summary, appended to the 
Roster of the Minute-men, the majority of those who marched 
from Annapolis to Washington and, after camping on the 
sacred soil of Virginia, had displayed their courage and endur- 
ance at Bull Run, were enlisted in scores of the regiments 
of Massachusetts and other states and were in a loyal manner 
proving the efficiency of the drill received in their early cam- 
paign. Of the Field and -Staff, only the Colonel and Lieut.- 
colonel were out in the three months' term, and a reading of 
the roster for the present term reveals comparatively few 
names starred, indicative of former service in the Fifth. 



THE COMPANIES. 

The companies that made up the Fifth Regiment in its 
first term of service seem to have almost entirely disappeared. 
Company B, South Reading or Wakefield, was to reappear 
as " E " of the 50th; Company D, Haverhill, also had a place 
as " G " in the same regiment, its Captain, C. D. Messer, 
being commissioned Colonel, and Captain John W. Locke of 
B, Lieut. -colonel; Company E, the Lawrence Light Guard 



122 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

of Medtord, was to win renown as "C" of the 39th, a three- 
years' regiment; to some extent, B of Somerville revived I, of 
the first term, Company C, Charlestown, reappeared in " D " 
of the same city, while Company H had a considerable nucleus 
from " K " of the Minute-men. The first term Companies, 
A, B, D, F and H, had no representatives in the second service. 
So intense w^as the strain in behalf of soldiering at the front, 
apparently very little attention was given to the citizen sol- 
dier at home. It certainly seems as though, at the best, the 
militia bodies in 1862 were little better than skeleton organi- 
zations, existing for emergencies only. 

These were the opening days of bounty giving. While 
many men were ready to go, there were as many, or more, 
quite content to stay at home. It seemed only reasonable 
that some extra incentive should be offered those who were 
willing to imperil life, aside from the not over-alluring com- 
pensation offered of $13 per month. Though the sums paid 
were far below the great amounts offered in '64 and '65, yet 
the lump sum of $100 in hand had an alluring look to the 
men and boys of those clays and was one source of the draft's 
avoidance. In Marlboro, objecting voters were brought 
to time in a very effective manner, for of course there were 
those who insisted that patriotism alone ought to suffice, 
though nothing moved them. The first proposition was that 
the bounty be $50, and by amendments the sum advanced to 
$100, to which strong objections were made, until E. P. Dart, 
one of the solid men of the town, arose and moved that $25 
be added, and further said, if objection was made, he would 
move another $25. This ended the debate, and volunteers 
from that town received $125 each. 

Wholly new companies were raised to be lettered A, C, E, 
G and K, while recruiting was started immediately to bring 
the older companies up to the standard. The old and new 
organizations as finally mingled were as follows: A (new), 
Charlestown; B (Light Infantry), Somerville; C (new). South 



September, '62. The Companies. 123 

Danvers; D, Charlestown; E (new), Boston, Cape Cod and 
Middlesex Co.; F, Medford (Light Infantry); G, Woburn, 
though new at this time, it secured the same letter as borne 
by the Woburn company, disbanded just as the war began; 
H, Charlestown; I, Marlboro; K (new), Watertown and 
Waltham. From the day of proffering the services of the 
regiment and their acceptance, strenuous efforts were made to 
secure additions to the several companies. Essex, Middlesex 
and Barnstable Counties gave their sons so freely that by the 
10th of September, five companies were in Camp Lander, 
town of Wenham, Essex Co., the camp bearing the name of 
that brave son of Salem, General Frederick W. Lander, who, 
after a brief but brilliant career in the field, died March 2, 
1862, in Virginia. By the 29th of the month the last of the 
ten companies was in the camp. 

Though the departure of companies and regiments no 
longer occasioned the excitement of the first months of the 
war, there were observances whenever a body of men went 
away to camp or the field, but of such exercises, let those in 
Medford, when Company F departed, be a type of similar 
proceedings elsewhere. The offer of a $200 bounty had 
resulted in the speedy recruiting of the company, so that in a 
little more than a month from the call for enlistments the 
quota was full, and 96 men were ready for camp. Meeting in 
the Town Hall, September 22, at 1 o'clock p.m., they proceeded 
thence to the public square, where prayer was offered by the 
Rev. Geo. M. Preston. At 2 o'clock, preceded by the Boston 
Brigade Band, they marched to the Eastern Railroad station, 
escorted by the selectmen, a cavalcade and a procession of 
citizens, under the direction of Thomas S. Harlow, Esq. 
There boarding the train, they rode to Wenham, where, in 
Camp Lander, they enjoyed a bounteous collation furnished 
by the hberality of Medford citizens. Woburn gave her sons 
$100 each, and on the 10th of August, the Woburn Mechanic 
Phalanx, to the number of 96 men, assembled in the armory, 
where they were addressed by the Rev. Dr. R. P. Stebbins, 



124 FiFiH Regiment, M. \'. M., Nine Monthb. 

and were thence escorted to the railroad station by the Pha- 
lanx Associates, reaching Wenham at 4.30 p.m. " The town 
seems dull without them! " 

CAMP LANDER. 

The camp itself was delightfuUj' placed on the shores of 
Wenham Lake, long noted for its beauty, the location being 
about six miles north of Salem and at the left of the railroad 
station. Here on a sandy plain were well-built barracks and 
other buildings for two full regiments, and for a time the Fortj'- 
eighth was a companion regiment with the Fifth. The bunks 
were in tiers of two, each for two occupants; they were Vjare, 
but straw was handy. At first thecanijj was under the command 
of Col. E. F. Stone of Newbur}T)ort. Companies C, E, G, H 
and I were sworn into the service of the United States, Sep- 
tember 16th, by Lieut. James M. Brown, U. S. A. (7th Reg't); 
B, D and K on the 19th, F on the 23d and A on the 29th. 
The season of the 3'ear was ideal for camp life, and there fol- 
lowed the usual routine of drill and guard duty. The number 
of young men assembled in camp precluded an}' possibility 
of dullness, and while there were many stirring episodes, 
perhaps nothing occasioned more excitement, while it lasted, 
than the raiding of the sutler. When the time comes that a 
sutler will not be considered lawful plunder to the average 
enlisted man, there will be no more wars, hence no sutlers nor 
soldiers. Just Avh'at was the particular provocation that 
brought about the raid, history does not relate, but the fact 
remains that the purveyor of alleged camp necessities was in 
verj' short order cleaned out completely of all his belongings. 
Probably a war of words terminated in one of blows, with the 
result that the assets disappeared, the sutler was out the value 
of his goods and no one was punished. 

Though soldiers, the men were not forgetful of politics, 
and a Congressional campaign as well as the annual State 
contest was in full swing in September and, learning that 



Sii" ii'MKi'K. '()-. Cwii- l.wntK. 12a 

C'Iku1i>s Suuuu'r. tlu- taiuous StMi;it\)i\ was to spt'ak in SaltMu 
in ai«l t)l" \\\v canilidacv of tlu> lion. John H. \\\v\ of Lynn, a 
party was made up to \ isit [\\v city, uiuh-i' t lu> ronnnand and 
dirrction o{ l'oij)oial Win. .\1K\\ {{), and altiT \\\v address 
tlu' hoys tlu)uu:ht ni)tlun,ii ol" walkini;; hack six niilos tc> camp. 
.Vn cntcrtainint:; ancccK)tr rt)nu's down to us lluoui;li tlu> 
yt>ars, illustiati\f ot" the talk ahout the draft which nuist 
have Uvrix cuii'cnl in thos(> days. .Vs alrcad\' stated that 
drt'adtMl ordea! iiad ln'cn defeiitMl at the retpu'st of the I u>v- 
tM'uor, hut not e\'en His Mxcelicncy ci)uld prevtMd tlu> drafts 
of wiiul that would lush through the l)ai'iacks when, thiouuh 
earelt\ssness, tlu' dooi's W(>re left open. t)n one sucii occasion, 
those awake were ^r(\atly anuised and tln)se asleep were awak- 
(Mied hy the stentorian \'oic(> of a non-coininissiont>d otiicer of 
('onip.'iny 1 wtu> roared, " Shut the door, ilr;dt's post poiu'il." 
.V letter lu)nie hy a Cape t. \)d hoy is yet extant, ami its 
hoyi.sh fi'ankn(>ss dtMuands ;» peitnantMit plac»> here: 

well, here wt> are in cani|), lliouuh we ;uf hjirdly st-ttled 
m our new inodt> of living as \r\. We stop|)t'd aht)ut thre(> 
hours in Uoston ami left the citx' a little hefore ',i o'clock, 
there hein^; threi> companies in all. The p(>ople cheert'd us us 
we left the depot and as W(> passt>d thri)Uish l-ynn and Salem. 
And h\ I he w,iy, our (MicampiuiMd is {ni W'eidiam) on the 
Mastern H. !{., hut a f(>w miles heyond Salem. There were 
S(>ven companies ()n the uround last niu;ht and two have conu> 
on this morning. \\ C (|)an and my.s(>lf) wfre detailed for 
j^uard duty last ni^ht, having two hours on the watch and four 
olY. \\ {' ouu;ht to ha\t' hccn on the s.inie duty to-day, hut 
hy mistake we were told that we were not ntH'ded ami a m>w 
^iuard was detailed. This morninji; the company was drilled 
in si|uads hetween S and l> o'clock, hul we wvvr extMupted on 
aeccniid of having heen on s^uaid. I'i\)ni It) lo I 1 o'clock, 
the conipanN' di'ill took plac(>, in which w«^ took oui' tiist lessons 
in military tactics. The drill a^;»in takes pkuce hetween the 
hours ol tliree and live. Our meal hours ar»> 7 a.m., \'2.'M) \).u\. 
Hud fy.'M) p.m. Two of the company have hct-n d(>tailed as 
cooks. \V(> have not heen sworn in>'et, hut prohahly will as 
soon as possihie, .and receiv«> our uniforms. We wnv fur- 
nished with two hlanket^ Last ni^ihl, (enipoi:iiil\ , We cannot 



126 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

tell when we shall have a furlough, but probably not before 
next week. I suppose they let perhaps half a dozen go home 
at once. You must excuse the writing, as my desk is only 
a newspaper on my knee. 

Thus for six weeks there was a continuance of drill and 
preparation for active service, not entirely free from the com- 
plaints that soldiers are wont to make. Clothing did not 
come as expected and no day went by without some one 
thinking home a much better place than the camp, but, as a 
rule, the days sped along filled wdth instruction in the essen- 
tials oi military hfe. There was considerable leeway in the 
matter of evenings out and, late in the stay, leave was given 
to a squad, under the direction of a non-commissioned officer, 
to attend a prayer-meeting in the village of Wenham. In the 
midst of the opening prayer, w^ord was brought that a terrible 
railroad accident had taken place, just a little north of the vil- 
lage. The prayer was ended at once, and the men asked to 
report at the scene of calamity immediately. Two full pas- 
senger trains had coHided at almost full speed, wTCcking the 
engines, killing three of the four men on them, telescoping the 
cars and wounding the passengers. The " boys " of the Fifth 
proved themselves very helpful and, by the immediate sum- 
moning of the regimental surgeons, rendered efficient aid. 

Visitors were common in camp ; they came individually and 
in groups; occasionally, it seemed as though some whole village 
turned out. This was the case when on Thursday, September 
25th, at 10.30 in the forenoon, the Woburn Phalanx Associ- 
ates appeared, the pleasure of the visit being common to all 
concerned. They remained to dinner, partaking of the common 
though wholesome fare of the soldiers, but, for the sake of 
variety, they had brought a generous dessert with them, 
enough to go around the entire company. The same day also 
brought a Woburn boy in the shape of John L. Parker of the 
Twenty-second Mass., who had been w^ounded at Gaines' 
Mills and, for a couple of months, had tasted the hospitality 
of Libby Prison, and was just home from a Philadelphia hos- 



October, '62. Camp Lander. 127 

pital. His locomotion by aid of crutch and cane was not 
much hke his wonted agihty. He made a good example of 
what war might do to a man. October 3d brought Colonel 
Peirson and staff, the former assuming command of the regi- 
ment. Tuesday, the 7th, the Mayor of Salem appeared and 
presented the Colonel with a fine steed and trappings. The 
next day, at the expense of the non-commissioned officers 
and privates of Company G, Sergt. Hastings presented Orderly 
Stevens with a sword and sash. The chaplain of the regi- 
ment, Wm. Snow, had been taken from the ranks of Company 
B; Harvard College, 1861; he enhsted from Andover Semi- 
nary. James Walker of Company G was made Color-sergeant. 
In the matter of clothing, possibly more trouble arose over 
the wholly unfit overcoats given out than from any other one 
cause: 

These were of a very poor grade of shoddy, and black in 
color. Not only was the cloth poor in quality, it was so very 
poor it would not hold the coloring put into it. The soldier 
who stood guard in the rain with his overcoat on, soon was all 
of one color — his clothing, his body and all. Mutterings 
both deep and loud were heard throughout the regiment. 
Soon after the orders to prepare to embark came, a conspiracy' 
was entered into by almost every man to get rid of the obnox- 
ious garments, viz. : On our way down State Street in Boston, 
the coats were to be thrown into a heap and left, the boys 
preferring to go to the front without overcoats rather than 
with these. Whether the authorities heard of the scheme 
or not, it is certain that the day before embarking the black 
coats were called in by the Quartermaster and the regiment 
went away without overcoats of any kind, and thus continued 
until some time after reaching Newbern, when garments of 
regular quality and color were issued. 

It might be added that this new distribution did not take 
place until a new series of complaints arose, not only from 
the men themselves, but the folks at home were heard from, 
as witness the following letter written to. the Governor from 
Medford, Nov. 14: " Why don't you see that Drunken Bill 



128 Fifth Rkgiment, M. ^'. M., Nine Months. 

Schouler sends the Fifth Regiment their overcoats?" (Signed) 
" Smith." 

Though the men assembled in the Wenham camp knew it 
not then, this period was one of the most critical in the entire 
war. The South had seceded with the hope and expectation 
of foreign recognition; the North was in constant dread of such 
action. France was ready to recognize the belligerent rights 
of the Confederacy; a large element in England had all along 
been anxious that the Republic should perish; Lord Palmerston 
and Lord John Russell were arranging for a meeting of the 
British Cabinet to act in accord with France, this to be on the 
23d day of October, when Wm. E. Gladstone, another member 
of the Cabinet, so far forestalled that meeting by his speech 
in Newcastle, which was received by the audience with jeers, 
that said meeting was never held, and the recognition, so 
dreaded by America, was averted. In his remarks, the Sec- 
retary of the British Trcnisury said Jefferson Davis " had 
made a nation," and that the independence of the Confed- 
eracy and the consequent dissolution of the American L^nion 
were " as certain as any event yet future and contingent can 
be." How our people fumed at those words, and how man}'- 
times did the eloquent Gladstone, in subsequent years, apolo- 
gize for them! It was in such days that these men enlisted 
and staved off the draft. 



DEPARTURE. 

Certain dates burn themselves deeply into the mind; they 
need no association for vivid recollection, and to men of the 
Fifth, the day of their departure from Wenham is one. For 
them October 22d is a point in the calendar forever fixed. Of 
course the time had been foretold, and the day before had 
been one of many visits and greetings from friends and rela- 
tives. At 8 o'clock in the morning of the 22d, the knapsacks 
were packed and the men were in line ready for the command 



Oct. 22, '62. Departure. 129 

to march. As befitted soldiers of a Christian nation, there was 
prayer by the Chaplain before departure. But when the men 
were ready, the cars were not in sight. Were they ever on 
time? When they did arrive and the men were safely on 
board, it was 11 o'clock. The records of the Fifth disclose 
that twenty men forsook the regiment this day. "Deserted 
at Wenham " is the entrance on the rolls, as reference to the 
Roster will show; seventeen of them were from the Charles- 
town companies, A and D, the other three from K, Waltham 
and Watertown. Apparenth' they were forerunners of that 
great array of bounty-jumpers who during the ensuing two 
years and more were to bring disgrace upon the Union armies. 
They had received their first bounty and now, under new 
names, were ready for the next, and still other enlistments. 
Next in interest to the Annals of London's Xewgate, would 
be the true story of the Northern Bounty-jumper, 1862-'65. 

Boston was reached at 12.30 p.m., and line was formed on 
Canal Street, whence through Hanover, Court, State and Com- 
mercial streets the regiment marched without any attempt 
at hurrah or other demonstration, to Battery Wharf, where 
was lying the steamer "Mississippi," which was to be the con- 
veyance of the Fifth to the theatre of war. Near by also was 
the "Merrimac," another transport vessel, and three regiments 
were awaiting transportation on these boats. The Forty- 
fourth Regiment was to go aboard the ''^Merrimac," and the 
Third Militia was to be divided between the two. As the 
three organizations were recruited to the maximum, and 
there was a great mass of camp equipage, aside from officers' 
horses and other belongings, there was no great excess of room 
on shipboard. Upon the wharf was a vast array of friends 
assembled for the final leave-taking, the seriousness of which 
only those can appreciate who have passed through it. 

The "Mississippi" was under the command of Captain Rod- 
ney Baxter, a Hyannis man, an experienced and competent 
seaman, one who merited and received the respect of all on 
board. The vessel, however, appeared to be somewhat 

9 



130 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

unlucky, or some of her passengers were, which amounted to 
about the same thing. A ery soon after the Fifth had embarked, 
a member of the Third Regiment, in coming on board, fell 
between the ship and the wharf, upon the fender, hurting his 
head badly, and at first it was thought that his leg was broken, 
but it proved otherwise, and on landing he was recovering 
from his injuries. The next misfortune terminated more 
seriously. Claude Grenache, Company I, a French Canadian 
bj' birth, was a professional strong man, and had given exhi- 
bitions in public with traveling companies. He had frequently 
amused his comrades with his feats of strength. It would 
appear that injudicious potations on his way to the wharf 
rendered him unduly lively and unsteady, hence when on 
shipboard he essayed to climb into the rigging and out upon 
a yard to display his agilit}^ and strength, it was not strange 
that he should lose his balance and fall. In striking the deck, 
he nearly killed another man upon whom he fell, losing his 
own life, the first fatality in the regiment and, withal, so 
utterly needless. Nor was this all, for in passing down the 
Narrows, a small schooner was encountered, breaking in half 
the fore yard of the transport and carrying awaj' the smaller 
vessel's masts. 

AT SEA. 

These incidents happened after the steamer had left the 
wharf, in the edge of the evening, hauling into the stream and 
waiting for the "Merrimac." It was about 8 o'clock p.m. when 
the anchor was weighed and the grand start was made. The 
body of the deceased Grenache was on board and it was 
thought best that it should be returned to his late home, 
Marlboro. Accordingly, a collection was taken among 
the men whereby sufhcieilt money was secured to pay the 
transportation, and the "Mississippi" put into Holmes' Hole 
(Vineyard Haven) on the 23d, where the remains were landed, 
accompanied })y Luther H. Far ns worth of Company I, who 



Oct. 23, '62. At Sea. 131 

was to go home with them. He was also directed to find and 
bring back with him a missing member of the same company, 
a feat which he accomphshed, and the wonder is that he had 
not been commissioned to bring back also the twenty men 
who had eloped from Companies A, D and K. While the 
accommodations within the "Mississippi" were not quite so 
pleasing as those of Camp Lander, the records concerning the 
same are far more favorable than might be expected of men 
crowded into limited space, to whom the trip was the verj^ 
first experience of sea traveling. 

One story is told that might have happened on shore as 
well as on ship. A stew for dinner was in progress, whose fate 
proved the truth of the adage that many cooks spoil the broth. 
All unwary the men took their portions, thinking the dish a 
cheerful variant on accustomed prandial menus. As one 
scribe expresses it, " I broke into the stew quite a portion of 
the soft bread, issued on leaving camp, then taking one mouth- 
ful, I went to the side of the vessel and turned the whole dish 
overboard. Many, however, in spite of its saltiness, man- 
aged to eat their entire ration." It seemed that cooks and 
officers, fearing that others had neglected their respective 
duties, without tasting the compound, each had added what 
seemed the proper amount of salt, the result being the equip- 
ping of a first-class salt-boiling vat. The effect upon the men 
may be imagined. The supply of water was none too great 
at the best, the nearest being that coming from the condensed 
exhaust steam, and it was warm and saline. Fifteen hundred 
men were suffering from extreme thirst, and their cry for water 
became so all-pervading that Captain Baxter receded from his 
first determination not to use any of the liquid stored in the 
hold, and stationing his men, had the satisfying draughts 
passed up from below to the anguished soldiers, to whom the 
relief was like that which the miracle brought to Hagar and 
Ishmael of Bible times. 

At Holmes' Hole the Boston pilot was left and, after wait- 
ing until evening for the "Merrimac," another start- was made- 



132 Fifth Regiment. M. A'. ^L, Nine ^Months. 

the morning of the 24th reveahng an open sea, with no sign 
of land, the first unobstructed view that the majority of the 
soldiers had ever had, though the sister transport, "Merrimac," 
was in plain sight some five or six miles ahead. This relative 
position was maintained all day. l^ut when the morning of the 
25th arrived, we were in the lead. During these days the 
weather was delightful and none of the troubles of the Carolina 
coast were evident. Active men suffer when cooped up on 
shipboard and they must do something to unkink their legs, 
so the officers danced to the music of fife and drum, a sort of 
military quickstep, and those who couldn't or wouldn't, were 
fined six cents each, for the benefit of the musicians. One 
active fellow sought exercise by taking a hand at the pumps 
while the crew were washing up the decks. Dancing and sing- 
ing helped wile away the time until 10.30 p.m., when sleepy 
men sought their quarters. As the vessel proceeds southward, 
it becomes desirable to spread an awning over the decks to 
shield all hands from the sun's rays. Cape Hatteras was made 
about the middle of the afternoon, but the steamer continued 
to move forward until midnight, when she was " hove-to " till 
morning, when, ahead of the ''Merrimac," she ran in. and off 
Beaufort Harbor signaled for a pilot. When an eighth of a 
mile from the wharf the steamer ran aground, to the great 
disgust of all concerned, especially of the captain, who accused 
the pilot of being a rebel, in which opinion many of the men 
concurred, and for a time it seemed dangerous for the man, 
but when the excitement was at its highest pitch, there came 
over the waters, from near-by Beaufort, the sound of church- 
going bells. Evidently the fact that the day was Sunday had 
not occurred to many of the men until that moment, but the 
thought of church and worship was sufficient to still angry 
passions and to bring men back to their senses. Meanwhile 
the "Merrimac," more fortunate, was disembarking her men in 
plain sight, a most aggravating spectacle. 

True to the traditions of the coast, it w^as fated that the 
regiment should not land without some taste of the weather 



Oct. 27, '62. 



At Sea. 



133 



said to be characteristic of the vicinity of Hatteras. Saturday 
night it began to rain and at intervals the same fell during 
Sunday; at the same time there was blowing a very cold wind; 
so that first impressions of the "Sunny South" were just a bit 
coolish. It was nearly noon of Monday, October 27th, that 



^ 2hi W -■,,- i^,^ . «s*i^;j Pr Mf Y 




Q C Y. K ^ 



134 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

the landing was finally effected, and the Fifth Regiment set 
foot on North Carolina soil, the place being Morehead City, 
opposite Beaufort, both places being at the mouth of the 
Newport River. The city, so called, was a characteristic 
southern place of only a few houses, but it was the terminus 
of a railroad extending up to Newbern. This was the road 
over which the Forty-fourth Regiment had ridden the day 
before, and on whose open platform cars the Fifth and Third 
Regiments were to proceed to Newbern. One of those thus 
getting his first impressions of the Old North State writes: 
" The country through which we passed — some thirty-six 
miles — seemed almost entirely uninhabited. Occasionally 
we passed the pickets and encampments of our troops, with 
here and there negro huts. The rest of our way was through 
woods, the greater part of which is pitch-pine." 



NEWBERN. 

Newbern, the destination of the regiment, had been in the 
possession of the Union forces since the 14th day of the pre- 
ceding March, when after the battle of Newbern, fought a 
few miles to the southward, and the other side of the Trent 
River, the place with all its belongings fell into the hands of 
Burnside and his men, this being the second blow struck in 
this section by the so-called Burnside Expedition, the first 
having been that at Roanoke Island in the preceding Feb- 
ruary. Distant by rail from Beaufort and Morehead City 
from thirty-six to forty miles, it was the capital of Craven 
County and, before the war, had ranked as the second seaport 
in the State. Near the beginning of the eighteenth century, 
it was founded by a colony of Swiss, under the lead of the 
Baron de Graffenreid, the location being in strong contrast 
with the mountainous country whence they had come, yet 
they gave to the new settlement the name of their own ele- 
vated capital city, hence the words, " New Berne," or as 



Oct. 27, '62. Newbern. 135 

usually given, Newbern. The river Trent formed its southern 
boundary and the Neuse was on the east. 

Had there been an efficient guide on the train which bore 
the regiment from its landing to this place, he might have 
pointed out the scene of the engagement, between the Con- 
federate and Union forces, on that 14th day of March, when, 
for the second time, Burnside and his men were able to send 
a thrill of rejoicing through the loyal North on account of an 
unqualified Federal victory. In the interval, Burnside had 
been ordered to the Army of the Potomac, taking with him 
a considerable part of his original force, leaving in command 
General John G. Foster, an officer in universal esteem among 
his men, but considerably crippled for aggressive work on 
account of the depletion of the army through the withdrawal 
of regiments. Of Massachusetts troops there were already 
at Newbern or in the immediate vicinity, the Seventeenth, 
Twenty-third, Twenty-fourth, Twenty-fifth and Twenty- 
seventh regiments, all three years' bodies, and, of nine months' 
organizations, in addition to the Fifth, there were in the 
department or on their way, the Third and Eighth Militia, 
the Forty-third, Forty-fourth, Forty-fifth, Forty-sixth, and 
Fifty-first Volunteers, the expectation of the Government 
being that these organizations would make good the with- 
drawal of troops in the preceding months. 

However important Newbern may have been to the Union 
cause as a strategic point and base of operation, to these 
men, fresh from trim and snug New England, it had anything 
but an imposing look. Said one careful observer: 

In houses and general appearance, Newbern does not com- 
pare favorably with any place of like size in our part of the 
world. We are encamped just at the edge of the city; the 
Twenty-fifth Massachusetts is but a short distance from us; 
a few rods to the right is Fort Rowan, and on our left is Fort 
Totten. We live in tents (put up for us by the Twenty-third 
Massachusetts) about sixteen feet in diameter (Sibley's), 
nineteen men being in ours, all from the same locality. Each 



136 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

tent has a camp-stove in its centre, which is very convenient 
some of these cold nights. Should we stay here long we shall 
probably go into barracks. Most of the white inhabitants 
have left the city, and with them went the majority of able- 
bodied black men. The whites who remained were obhgedto 
take the oath of allegiance. There are lots of " contrabands " 
around; from sunrise to sunset they are in the camp with 
almost everything in the eating hne: gingerbread, pies, oysters, 
plent}' of cookies, sweet potatoes, fried fish, etc. The}' sell 
a deal of this stuff to the soldiers, because our cooking appli- 
ances have not yet arrived, and the rations we brought with 
us are about all eaten up, with the exception of the hard tack, 
hence their stuff takes pretty well with us. We can get a 
dinner at some of their houses with all we wish to eat and 
drink, for twenty-five or thirty cents. You ought to hear 
them tell about " Massa " running one way and they the other. 
Some say they didn't wait for " ]VIassa " to run and ta'ke them 
with him, they " skedaddled " first. They offer to wash our 
clothes for five cents an article. All of the ground about us is 
very low; on one side is a small c^'press swamp. The days are 
very warm and the nights cool; we are without overcoats 
and, in these cold spells, we are disposed to think even the 
miserable ones we turned in would be better than none. 

Two days were devoted to adjusting themselves to their 
new surroundings. In the interval the guns for the regiment 
had been distributed, the}' having been packed for t ranspor- 
tation, it Iseing thought that they could be carried this way 
better than in the hands of the men. On inspection, the 
soldiers were delighted to find that they were equipped with 
Springfield rifies, then considered the best in the service. On 
the 29th, at dress-parade, orders were read to the effect that 
the regiment would leave camp on the following morning in 
light marching order. A considerable part of the night was 
given to preparing rations and making ready for the next 
step in army life. The movement in which the Fifth is to 
bear its part is known in the story of the war as the 



Oct. 29, '62. Tarboro March. 137 

TARBORO MARCH. 

Whatever the leaders knew, nothing was revealed to the 
enlisted men and the lower commissioned officers. The night 
of October 29th and 30th was as broken as any could be and 
yet the men be supposedly resting in camp. To begin with, 
three days' rations were to be carried. They had not even 
arrived, to say nothing of cooking them. This is the way the 
hours seemed to pass to one incipient soldier: " Of course we 
had very little sleep that night; we would turn in for perhaps 
an hour, when the order would come, ' Turn out and get your 
canteens; ' after waiting a while we got them and went back 
to our tents to be roused, soon after, with ' Turn out to get 
your guns.' After having this essential part of a soldier's 
outfit handed us, we went back only to be called out again, 
' To get your ammunition,' for every man had forty rounds 
before starting. Then it was to turn out and to turn in for 
rations until the night was whittled away." While all the 
soldiers may have had a general idea of the management of a 
musket, the actual ignorance of many was almost pathetic, 
considering how near they were to the use of shooting-irons 
where life and death were involved. Knapsacks, canteens and 
haversacks had obvious uses, the loading end of their muskets 
was recognized, but scores of them halted in sheer amazement 
over the manner of applying a gun-strap. Fortunately there 
was sufficient leaven of experience in each company soon to 
enlighten the entire mass. Regimental line was formed at 
about 4 o'clock a.m., and a start was made for some unknown 
destination soon after. On reaching the wharves at the 
river's bank, the men were embarked on certain gunboats, 
four companies going on the transport-schooner ''Scout." Start- 
ing soon after daylight, all had a fine opportunity to observe 
the obstructions that the Confederates had placed in the 
Neuse to prevent the advance of Burnside's fleet in the pre- 
ceding March. Consisting principally of old sunken vessels, 
enough of them had been cleared away to afford a passage 



138 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

for such craft as had to come and go. Also some of the forti- 
fications erected by the enemy were in sight, including those 
silenced in the battle of March 14. though intervening woods 
obscured the view. 

During the day the report gained circulation that the des- 
tination of the voyage was Washington, N. C, which proved 
to be true. Though on shipboard, at least some of the com- 
panies were drilled in the manual of arms for the first time. 
Duringthis trip, the steward of the "Scout" signalized his acquisi- 
tive faculty by making pies which he offered to the soldiers at 
sixty cents apiece. Though from the so-called pie-belt of the 
country and naturally fond of pastry, one of the boys writes, 
" I wasn't hungry enough to buy at that price." The route 
was down the Neuse to Pamlico Sound, whence in due time 
a turn was made into the Pamlico River, up which the fleet 
proceeded, though it came to anchor some distance below 
Washington, the men finding very good accommodations on 
shipboard. After the grounding of at least one of the vessels, 
the landing was finally effected on the last day of the month, 
and quarters for some of the companies were found in all sorts 
of buildings, not over clean, but even these would be thought 
quite attractive before the week was done. 

Very often in discussing this part of the country, the place 
where the landing was effected is referred to as " Little " 
Washington, but incorrectly, the name of the Father of his 
Countr}' having no modification, the adjective having been 
applied probablj^ to distinguish it from the capital of the 
nation. Situated on the north bank of the Tar River, a few 
miles above its confluence with the larger Pamlico, the place 
is a very interesting southern village, not so large as Newbern, 
yet it was known as a city. This place also had been early 
taken by Burnside's forces, and it had been more or less 
threatened by the enemy nearly all of the intervening time. 
Indeed the march of our regiments on the day of landing was 
obstructed by intervening barricades in the shape of chevaux 
de frise, these being necessary on account of the repeated raids 



Oct. 29, '62. 



Tarboro March. 



139 



of the Confederate cavalry. While there were a number of 
well laid out places, one was particularly so, this being the 
estate of Mr. Jas. R. Grist, who claimed to be a Union man, 
yet his loyalty was thought to be of that selfish kind that 
could be easily turned rebelward if the fortunes of war appeared 
to lean in that direction. In the winter following Fredericks- 
burg, he solicited General Potter, then in command at Wash- 
ington, for the privilege of going with the Confederacy, and he 
betook himself with his family into the heart of rebeldom, his 
mansion being taken for a hospital. Later still, when Vicks- 
burg, Gettysburg and Port Hudson plainly shadowed forth 
the end of Rebellion, he asked the privilege of coming back to 
his own, but he was refused, being told that his residence was 
already serving a very useful purpose. A part of the regiment 
bivouacked on his estate, one observer chronicling the largest 
natural arbor (Arbor vitae) he had ever seen, extending from 




RESIDENCE OF JAMES R. GRIST, 
WASHINGTON, N. C. 



140 Fifth Regiment, ]\I. A'. M., Xine Months. 

the main entrance to the house a number of rods. The inter- 
ested loyalty of the proprietor was revenue-making in a pecu- 
liar manner, in that he was taking in large amounts of Con- 
federate currency at a great discount, and then, through some 
sort of connivance, he was sending the same through the lines 
and buying cotton, paying tor it in the depreciated scrip at 
face value. His purchase he was able to sell at immense 
profits. The house showed marks of the siege in the preced- 
ing spring. 

It was here that the brigade relation of the regiment was 
first defined, it being a part of the Third Brigade, First Divi- 
sion, Department of North Carolina. The regiments associa- 
ted with it were the Third, Twenty-seventh and Forty-sixth 
Massachusetts, along with the Ninth New Jersey, the brigade 
being under the command of Colonel Horace C. Lee of the 
Twenty-seventh, an officer uniformly meriting and receiving 
the highest degree of respect from all of his followers. A 
thorough tactician, there was no time when he failed to 
measure up to the highest standard of an' officer in his posi- 
tion, and the regiment considered itself fortunate to be led by 
him through its entire term of service. Also it was a pleasing 
reflection that the men were associated with so large a number 
of fellow Massachusetts soldiers. There was a halt in Wash- 
ington, all of the 31st of October and November 1st, on account 
of the failure of the force that had gone overland to arrive. 
Under the command of Colonel T. J. C. Amory, commanding 
the First Brigade, portions of the Seventeenth and Twenty- 
third Massachusetts, -^vith cavalry and artillery, accompanied 
by a large wagon train, had left Newbern, early in the morn- 
ing of the 30th, expecting to reach Washington, at the latest, 
by the evening of the 31st. After a day's march. Swift's 
Creek was reached at sundown of the first day, where it was 
found that the enemy had destroyed the bridge. As no effort 
was made to rebuild the bridge until the following day, Wash- 
ington was not gained until dark, Nov. 1st, fully a day late. 

The troops composing the expedition were as follows: 



Nov. 2, '62. Tarboro :\Iarch. 141 

First Brigade, Colonel Amory, portions of the Seventeenth, 
Twenty-third and Twenty-fifth Massachusetts, with four guns 
of the Third N. Y. Artillery; Second Brigade, Colonel Thos. 
G. Stevenson in command, parts of the Twenty-fourth and 
Forty-fourth Massachusetts (entire), Fifth Rhode Island, 
and Tenth Connecticut, with Belger's Battery, Battery F, 
Rhode Island Light Artillery, six guns; Third Brigade, Colonel 
H. C. Lee, parts of the Twenty-seventh Massachusetts, 
Ninth New Jersey, ten companies of the Fifth Massachusetts 
and sixteen guns of the Third N. Y. Artillery, — an aggregate 
of about 5000 men with twenty-six pieces of artillery. The 
grand advance began at daybreak, Sunday, the 2d of No- 
vember, Stevenson's brigade leading. Though the commands 
were to proceed in light marching order, the load of three tlays' 
rations, cooked in Washington, with gun and its belongings, 
haversack, canteen and blanket, one of the boys thought the 
knapsack would not have added very much to the weight of 
the outfit. Although the Fifth was credited with having full 
ranks, there was really a considerable shortage, twenty-five 
men from each company having been left at Newbern and an 
entire company at Washington, for guard and other necessary 
duty. 

The first indications of the presence of the enemy were felt 
at about 9 a.m., when their pickets were driven in, their fire, 
as they retired, wounding two of the cavalry horses. 
With occasional halts of a few minutes each, the march pro- 
ceeded until along in the afternoon, when there was a halt of 
an hour. This being the first day's real marching, its effects 
were quite severe. The next move continued until sundown, 
when artillery and musketry firing were heard, half or three- 
quarters of a mile ahead. Here there was a halt, with momen- 
tary expectations of being ordered forward, but before this 
came, the firing had nearly ceased. When the word was given 
the advance was for only a short distance; the men, some of 
them, by this time, were so tired that they lay down on the 
damp, cold ground and went to sleep at once. The next start 



142 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

carried the regiment to the banks of a wide stream, whose 
waters were fully waist deep. It was Little Creek, the scene 
of the fight. Of this portion of the day's march E. A. Perry 
(I) \\Tites: 

Before many hours, we struck a swamp whose waters 
were the color of strong coffee. (Apparently the borders of 
the creek.) There were two ways of crossing, viz., a foot- 
path along the side of the road, consisting of a series of single 
logs, laid lengthways, their ends being on the tops of stumps, 
these same logs being slightly flattened on one side. Thus 
a single file was possible through the swamp, but more than 
one man fell off as he tried this Blondin act, all accoutred 
with his equipment. The road itself was corduroyed, but the 
logs were all under water; the most of the men preferred the 
middle way. ... It was on this march that we first 
loaded our guns. It would naturally be supposed that every 
one would know which end of the cartridge went in first, but 
there were many who did not, much to the amusement of 
their wiser comrades. 

Darius Baker (E) writes of this same scene: 

The order came that we must ford the stream, and 
we began to get ready for it. We took off our cartridge boxes 
and hung them on our bayonets, and then some of the men 
took off all their clothing except their shirts, others their 
pants only, others their drawers alone, and still others with 
boots and stockings taken off and pants rolled up, were 
standing around. We must have made a laughable appear- 
ance, but we chdn't think so then. We had all prepared our- 
selves, when we found we could cross without getting wet by 
going single file. Then 'twas to put on our clothes again and 
cross the creek. 

As to the engagement itself, it was not a serious one, only a 
slight hold-up of the advance, consisting of the Twenty-fourth 
and Forty-fourth Massachusetts, the enemy having thrown 
up small earthw^orks and having some artillery with them. 
The Confederates here were of the Twenty-sixth North Caro- 
lina, with a section of Moore's battery, the place being known 



Nov. 2, 62. Tarboro March. 143 

as Old Ford, four miles from Williamston. It did not take the 
Massachusetts and New Jersey men with the Marine Artillery 
and the Rhode Island Battery (Belger's) a great while to 
clear them out, and to send them in precipitous retreat to 
Rawles' Mills, from which they were again driven. The 
entire Union loss in the two engagements was three killed and 
thirteen wounded; of the enemy there were reported ten 
killed and twenty-nine wounded. While all this was happen- 
ing up in front, the men away back in the rear had nothing to 
do but wait and listen. Even then some of them could not 
keep awake, and when the enemy gave way and the victorious 
Yankees swept after them with a cheer, the same was taken 
up all along the intervening line, reaching at last Company I 
of the Fifth, awaking one tired sleeper, who sprang to " atten- 
tion " with the shout, " I'll get one shot at the Rebs before 
I die." After a few more halts and repeated changes of posi- 
tion, camp was finally pitched in and around the deserted 
earthworks. The day's march covered eighteen miles, our 
Sabbath day's journey. 

Monday, the 3d, the march was resumed, with the Third 
Brigade in advance, the Fifth holding the left of the line. 
Williamston was entered at noon or thereabout, with not a 
human being, black or white, in sight, though the probabilities 
were that the inhabitants had deserted their homes, not so 
much on account of the approach of the army as through fear 
of a bombardment by the Union fleet, whose five gunboats 
were lying portentously near in the Roanoke River. Five 
thousand hungry men in a deserted town! Here were food and 
drink and here also were the boys who could make way with 
them. Did they?* Let one of them reply: " While here, the 



*An interesting sequel to tliis brief occupation of Williamston appeared 
forty-eight years later, when, in December, 1910, S. S. Pierce Co. of Bos- 
ton, in their " Epicure," printed a picture of a bottle of Guinness Stout, 
with the following story: " The bottle, which is represented by the accom- 
panying illustration, was confiscated by Union troops on Novembers, 1862, 
at Williamston, North Carolina. It fell to the lot of Capt. W. T. Grammer 
of Woburn, Massachusetts. Upon his death, Capt. Edwin F. Wyer was 



144 Fifth Regiment, M. V. AI., Nine Months. 

men foraged everything they could lay hands upon: pigs, fowl, 
sweet potatoes, honey, molasses, apples, etc. It was new 
business for us, but we soon got used to it." In the afternoon 
the advance was resumed, the direction being towards the 
west, and at dark camp was pitched near Hamilton. 

The next morning, that of the 4th, the start was made 
towards Hamilton, though there was delay occasioned by the 
burning of a bridge, which had to be rebuilt, so that the town 
was not reached until afternoon. On the waj^. Rainbow Bluff 
was passed, where the enemy had erected a fort and pierced 
the same for five guns, with a line of earthworks extending 
half a mile into the woods and crossing the Hamilton road. 
But there was no effort made to hold them, the Confederates 
withdrawing on our approach, so that when the Union gun- 
boats steamed up, they found the flag of our Union there 
before them, along with a garrison ready to receive them with 
the loudest of cheers. The bluff", fifty feet high, was on the 
south bank of the Roanoke, and several times had prevented 
the further advance of the gunboats. Hamilton, too, was a 
deserted place, and similar scenes to those of the day before 
took place, " our only cUfficulty being the shortness of our 
stop. The pigs would be skinned and put, warm as they were, 
on the coals; the fowls, ■v\ath a stick run through them, placed 
in the flames. The streets and roads were strewed with furni- 
ture and apparel dropped in the hasty flight of the inhabitants. 
Our camp was pitched about three miles beyond Hamilton." 
Located so that the entire encampment could be seen at a 
glance, the scene was magnificently beautiful. 

made custodian of the relic, and he presented it to the Ancient and Honor- 
able Artillery Company of Boston, and is now seen in its museum. It was 
bottled b}^ Messrs. M. B. Foster & Sons, from whom the S. S. Pierce Co. 
have drawn their supplies of Guinness Stout and Bass ale for half a cen- 
tury." The inscription on the bottle is as follows: " Reminiscence of Wil- 
liamston, the onlj^ bottle left of a lot confiscated by Capt. W. T. Grammer, 
Fifth Massachusetts. Here's pretty good luck." The wonder comes, invol- 
untarily, whether in its present keeping the bottle will survive another 
half century. 



Nov. 5, '62. Tarboro March. 145 

Though the camping-place was a cornfield, the stalks that 
the men wished to lie upon were a quarter of a mile away, but 
the suggestion being made that they would soften the hard 
ground considerably, there was a general rush for the bundles, 
that served an excellent purpose for one night at least. A 
Company I man had not had enough of foraging on his 
way through Hamilton, but must needs try again during this 
night and, discovering a tree with live fruit upon it, viz., half 
a dozen turkeys, he " shook them off " and brought them into 
camp. There, in the ingenious manner that only necessity can 
invent, he had them cooked as a toothsome breakfast for his 
comrades. Here, too, the newly enlisted Yankee boys learned 
the peculiarities of the beautiful yellow persimmon; how 
delicious whenripe,howhorribly puckery when green! Wednes- 
day, the 5th, beheld the line still advancing towards Tar- 
boro, the direction being a little south of west, halting for the 
night about nine or ten miles from the above-named town. 
The march was long and hard and there was a deal of strag- 
gling, some companies having only a small proportion of the 
members at camp-pitching, but all came in finally. By orders, 
there were no fires, and a camp without a fire is dreary enough ; 
besides, the night proved to be dark and stormy, the rain and 
snow filling the depression between the corn rows so that all 
got thoroughly wet. Morning light revealed one of the most 
interesting sights of the entire expedition, for the snow, in 
falling on the rubber blanketed men and the intervening 
ground, had covered all '' with a silence deep and white," 
and the outlook was what a great fold might be, filled with a 
host of elongated sheep. It is safe to say, however, it was not 
the beauty of the scene that impressed Mike Skerry of Com- 
pany E, when he shook the fleecy stuff from his form on rising, 
for he was heard to ejaculate in tones not in the least appre- 
ciative, " And this is the Sunny South, is it; the land of cotton, 
pineapples and oranges? Here we are, knee-deep in the snow. 
Divil a bit have I seen of their Sunny South! By my soul, it's 
Greenland, I beheve it is." 

10 



146 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

THE RETURN. 

The end of the advance was reached, Wednesday, within 
a comparatively short distance of Tarboro. The original object 
of the expedition was the destruction of rebel gunboats, said 
to be building at Hamilton, but the report proved to be incor- 
rect, as investigation showed when the town was occupied. 
However, General Foster had heard that a force of 3000 Con- 
federates was encamped near Tarboro, and to capture them was 
the reason for the trip beyond Hamilton. We were so near the 
tar-named place that the sound of trains could be distinctly 
heard during the night, supposedh^ bringing reinforcements to 
the aid of the enemy. It was at this time that General Foster 
called a council of his field officers, and the question of advance 
or retreat was considered. The lateness of the season, the pros- 
pects of a severe storm and the apparent certainty of rebel 
reinforcements induced a vote, with only three dissenting, that 
the advance had gone far enough. So far as the reinforce- 
ments were concerned, it appeared later from captured rebels 
that the railroad commotion was incident to the effort of Con- 
federates to get away rather than to approach. So, then, 
Thursday, the 6th, saw the countermarch, and the beginning 
of the return. Once more the Third Brigade was in the rear, 
and a hard place some of the boys in the Fifth found it to be. 
Let one of them tell his own story: 

The rain of the day made the roads very bad. It was 
the only day I did not keep up with the company. The last 
eight miles were marched without a halt, and at verj^ quick 
time. I made up my mind that I could get along easier by 
halting occasionally, and did so, coming in some distance in 
the rear and, for that matter, nearly half the regiment strag- 
gled. We made fourteen miles during the day, and when we 
got to Hamilton we missed the houses, that were burned 
when we were going the other way, though we managed to 
find shelter. During the night it grew colder and snow fell 
before morning, keeping it up at intervals throughout the 
day. Some of the men managed to get on the gunboats here, 
so that our company fell off considerably. 



Nov. 7, '62 The Return. 147 

It was on this leaving Hamilton, on the return, that occurred 
an incident characteristic of the time and men. There were 
very strict orders against foraging, yet officers, like justice, 
were sometimes blind. One of them tells the story that on the 
march he saw a heifer in a field by the roadside, and soon after 
one of the enlisted men of his company came up and wanted to 
borrow his knife, he being known to carry a long-bladed one. 
" What do you want it for?" was a natural question for him 
to ask, but the reply was not exactly enlightening, " Oh, 
nothing much, but I'll not hurt it." The man got the knife 
and disappeared; the officer, fearing the fate of Lot's wife 
never looked back. Soon there came the sound of a musket, 
and still no looking about by the careful lieutenant; but long 
before the camp was reached his knife was returned and with 
it a fine piece of beef, and no ciuestions were asked. That 
officer could have testified conscientiously that on that day 
he had seen no case of foraging. 

There were men who, with indomitable pluck and will, 
found food and comfort even in deserted Williamston, and 
the use they made of sweet potatoes and fresh pork indicated 
anything rather than discouragement. When a darkey was 
given a dime for his kindness in lending his iron kettle, he 
exclaimed with joy and gladness, " Golly, dat's silber! Rats 
can't clean dat up." Fridaj' , the 7th, the retreat was continued 
to Williamston, where there was a longer halt than usual for 
recuperation. The shiretown of Martin County, its jail was 
burned during the retreat, but the court house was occupied 
by the troops. Born rummagers, these inquisitive Yankee 
boys sadly deranged the orderly accumulation of deeds for 
far more than a century, and how they did wish they could 
send some of the curios home to Massachusetts. One boy did 
send a bill of sale of a negro and an old deed. Whipping-post 
and stocks were also unaccustomed sights to the invaders. 
Both jail and whipping-post went up in flames this day, the 
soldiers thinking their mission ended, the former having been 
the place of torture to many a Union man. The 8th of Novem- 



148 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Xine Months. 

ber was a veritable day of rest and the boys made the most of 
it. In one compan}^, the story is told that the tallest man in 
its ranks brought in a hive of bees and, securing the honey, 
now and then one of the insects that made it appeared. This 
tall man in taking a bite of the sweetness of the honeycomb, 
did not observe the business end of a bee as he rolled the 
sweet morsel in his mouth, but the bee got in his work and the 
sight the poor man's swollen cheek presented, only those who 
saw could properly picture. No lesson nor retribution could 
destroy the soldier's liking for honey. 

Having rested Saturday, the retreat was continued the 
next day, or Sunday, the 9th. As the lines were forming the 
Chaplain of the Twenty-seventh Massachusetts rode along 
the ranks of his regiment, saying, " Boys, this is the Sabbath, 
and as we can't have other religious exercises, let all of us join 
in singing the Doxology." It was started at once, and like 
wild-fire the sound sped down the lines, and in a moment five 
thousand men, with uncovered heads, were singing " Praise 
God from whom all blessings flow, " a magnificent tribute to 
their birth and rearing. The march of this day was to the 
vicinity of Plymouth, within four miles, it was said. The 
route was along the south bank of the Roanoke. Monday, 
the 10th, brought the expedition to Plymouth, and a chance 
to travel in another manner. An enterprising place, as North 
Carolina villages went, the chief fame of this southern Ply- 
mouth was to come two years later, when the place was cap- 
tured by a large rebel force under General R. F. Hoke, and 
very large numbers of Union prisoners were taken, including 
several hundred from the Second Massachusetts Heavy 
Artillery. In the engagement the enemj^ was assisted by the 
rebel ram, "Albemarle," constructed on the Roanoke, at 
Edward's Ferry, fortj' miles above Rainbow Bluff, visited 
in the recent raid. This craft was to win greater fame, in 
subsequent months, through her being rendered helpless by 
the ramming of the U. S. S. "Sassacus," under Lieut. Commander 
F. A. Roe, and her subsequent destruction by the affixing of 



Nov. 11, '62. The Return. 149 

a torpedo, as she lay at her Plymouth wharf, bj^ Lieut. W. B. 
Gushing. 

It was just before reaching the village, at the encampment 
of the preceding night, that there was given a good illustra- 
tion of " forbearance ceasing to be a virtue." Many of the 
officers had sought shelter in the house belonging to a fine 
plantation. The women members of the household were 
implacable rebels, and were incessant in their nagging of all 
the officers. At first Colonel Peirson had given orders that 
the belongings of the place, whether sentient or insentient, 
should be unmolested. For a considerable time he endured 
the vituperations of the women, till at last he could endure 
their tongue-lashing no longer, and sent to the regiment, 
ordering that two of the smartest men from each company 
should be sent to him. On their arrival he simply remarked 
to the twenty men that they might help themselves to what- 
ever feathered creatures they might find. Whether the per- 
mission stilled the offensive tongues of the women it is not 
known, but the members of the companies record high feast- 
ing on that particular night. 

Tuesday, the 11th, the men were embarked on gunboats 
preparatory to a ride back to Newbern. Rations were dis- 
tributed before going on shipboard, and some of the companies 
were disgusted enough at finding their supply' of hard-tack 
just a mass of mould, on account of the drippings from leaky 
barrels of corned beef. Luckily the ships' stores were able to 
make up for the loss, though the substitute rations proved 
to be animated, sometimes the case, but the men shut their 
eyes and kept on eating. On the way down the river, and 
through Albemarle Sound, the boats passed by Roanoke 
Island, the scene of Burnside's victory in the preceding Feb- 
ruary, and naturally all eyes were alert to get a glimpse of the 
locality whose capture had given the loyal North so much 
comfort and encouragement. The gunboats were getting 
back to Newbern from Wednesday evening to Thursday 
morning, the men having been away just two weeks, in the 



150 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

language of one observer, " Having captured 200 horses and 
mules, a month's supplies for our forces and having developed 
considerable Union sentiment in this part of the Old North 
State. Besides, these Yankees had learned what " piney 
woods " meant, and one ■s\atty fellow remarked that the sec- 
tion would be a good one for musicians, since they would 
always be sure of the " pitch." 

NEWBERN. 

It has been stated already that certain portions of the 
many regiments which were in the Tarboro Expedition had 
been left at Newbern as a defense against possible attack. 
One of the men thus left behind remarks in his notes that at 
first he thought himself particularh^ unfortunate, but when he 
saw his comrades on their return, weary, muddy, lame and 
sick, he concluded he had had a pretty good time. As he 
recounts his story, " The very night after the troops left us, 
the enemy drove in our pickets, who were guarding the city 
along the Trent road. There was no mj^th this time, for the 
rebs were there for sure. Our officer in command, Lieut. E, 
N. Pierce, was equal to the occasion for getting us into line; 
he spoke in an eloquent manner, telling us that we had no 
means of knowing what might happen during the night, but 
he enjoined upon us the necessity of standing firm and of 
acquitting ourselves like men. The night was very dark, 
heavy clouds overhung the camp, vivid flashes of lightning 
added to the interest or excitement, while orderlies riding at 
great speed made us think there was trouble ahead sure. 
But the enemy came no farther than the picket line, and 
while we returned to our quarters, we were enjoined not to 
take off our equipments nor to lay aside our guns. In the 
meantime, the wind began to rise and driving the halliards of 
a tent-cap against the canvas with a heavy thud, awoke an 
excited soldier, who sprang up shouting, ' The rebels are on 
us!' This was enough to stir up the occupants of other tents, 



Nov. 15, '62. Newbern. 151 

who repeated the shout, and soon the whole camp was aroused 
and the long roll sounded again." November 5th, as spoils 
from the enemy, 150 horses were brought into camp. The next 
day twenty-five disabled men came back from the regiment. 
One man remarked that he had ransacked the camp for some- 
thing to read, but without success, had re-read all of his let- 
ters and would give his day's rations for a Boston paper. First 
frost came November 9th. On the 11th the pickets were 
driven in again, and the long roll was sounded, picket firing 
continuing during the night. In the morning, troops were 
sent out to reestabhsh the line. Evidently the enemy thought 
the absence of so many troops on the Tarboro trip was a good 
time to stir up Newbern, but before a really effectual assault 
could be arranged, the absent regiments began to return and 
the " Johnnies " thought they would wait awhile. 

On Saturday, the 15th, L. H. Farnsworth (I), who had gone 
home from Holmes' Hole with the body of Grenache, returned 
bringing with him the deserter mentioned in that connection. 
In camp life there is many a tempest in a teapot, and one 
company was thrown into a tumult because of the unwilling- 
ness of the cooks to wash the dishes, the captain finally ruHng 
that each man must pay 25 cents per month as his share of 
the compensation, due the aforesaid cooks for the extra labor. 
Tent company or associates were frequently the result of 
locaUty sameness, or kindred tastes and habits. There were 
such associations where there were the reading of the Bible 
and prayer each night. From such a tent, the records say 
that there came an editor, a Boston grammar-school master, 
a high-school teacher, a lawyer and a minister. Most of the 
men thought themselves fortunate that they were sheltered 
in Sibley tents, rather than in barracks made of green lumber, 
as some of the latter were. After awhile the greater number 
of the tents were raised up and floored and, with a sheet-iron 
stove in the middle of the tent, they had no trouble in keep- 
ing warm. Unfortunately the pipe furnished by the quarter- 
master did not reach the top of the tent, so, unless the occu- 



152 Fifth Regiivlent, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

pants clubbed together and bought additional lengths, the 
smoke took its own time in escaping from the inclosed space. 
A source of great annoyance to the men was the presence 
of many rats, that seemed to thrive on the unsanitary ways 
of housekeeping that obtained. They grew quite unconcerned 
over the presence of human beings, and the latter sometimes 
had their slumbers disturbed by the rodents running across 
their faces. Much to the comfort and satisfaction of the men, 
the long-delayed overcoats arrived and were distributed, some 
say, the 18th of November, whereupon the soldiers felt that they 
were really " Boys in Blue." That the regimental band played 
at dress-parade on the 18th is evidence that it was in existence 
then, and its playing secured admiring mention by the chroni- 
clers. A young man who had enlisted as a student, evidently 
continued his studies in camp, since on the 24th he records his 
finishing of Ceesar's Commentaries. Also on this day, obe- 
dient to orders. Second Lieutenants A. J. Holbrook (E) and 
E. N. Pierce (F), with Privates R. T. Chamberlain (B), Wm. 
Coleman (D), C. W. Richardson (G) and L. H. Farnsworth 
(I), were detailed for service in the Signal Corps. " Over the 
River for Brigade Drill " means that the several regiments 
had to go through the city and cross the Trent to reach the 
place of instruction. Writing home on the 25th, a young 
man informs the good folks there as follows : 

Our camp duties are nearly the same that the}' were at 
Camp Lander, except that they occujDy more of our time and 
are more strict. At 6 a.m. reveille is sounded, when we turn 
out for roll-call. After that, by the time we get our blanket 
shaken and hands and faces washed, fires made and street 
swept, it is 7 o'clock, the time for breakfast. It takes the 
greater part of an hour to have the same served out and 
eaten and dishes washed. From 8 o'clock to 10 we generally 
have the time to ourselves, to clean guns, mend clothes and 
write letters. Company drills are from 10 o'clock till 12, 
Dinner follows, and at 1.30 or 2 o'clock we fall in for regi- 
mental or brigade drill, as the same may be, then drilling 
until 4 p.m. Dress-parade takes place al 4.30, and supper 



Nov. 28, '62. Newbern. 153 

comes at 5.30. At 8 retreat is sounded, and at 8.30 lights are 
out at the sound of taps. On the 19th we were inspected 
and commended by General Foster. Second Lieutenant Hol- 
brook (E) has been appointed to the Signal Corps. Our new 
overcoats are a great improvement on the old ones. The 
latter were charged to us at the rate of $1.87 apiece, and 
General Foster says we can sell them to the darkeys at $1.50 
each, so our few days' wear cost us 37 cents apiece. Yester- 
day I had a pass and went into the city to get some things 
for Thanksgiving dinner, viz.: a peck of Indian-meal, 30 
cent?; three quarts of molasses at 20 cents a quart. We 
thought the company would draw fresh meat rations to-day, 
so that we could get suet for an Indian pudding, and we had 
even engaged to have it baked by one of the negro women, 
but we got salt fish instead, hence had to give up the pud- 
ding. The officers of the Charlestown City Guard have bought 
fowl, as chickens and turkeys, for their men, and are going 
to have a regular Thanksgiving dinner. 

Friday, Nov. 28. There was a meeting held last Sunday, 
the first one ,-ince leaving Camp Lander, and in the evening 
there was a prayer-meeting. We have had a chapter in the 
Bible read every night since we came into camp, each one tak- 
ing turns. Yesterday was Thanksgiving and we had the 
entire day to ourselves. Half of each company had passes in 
the forenoon, the other half in the afternoon. Our dinner 
was of beef-steak and a stirred pudding and, under the cir- 
cumstances, was very good. In the afternoon there was a 
burlesque dress-parade in which there was no end of fun. 
Many officers, looking on, saw and heard themselves trav- 
estied in no uncertain manner, each little peculiarity getting 
its proper hit. 

Another writer describing the fanciful affair of the after- 
noon says: 

Our regiment had an evening dress-parade, none but 
privates were allowed to participate, and they selected a 
full complement of officers from the ranks. Each soldier 
dressed as he pleased. Some were clothed in white, some 
in red and variegated colors; others had heavy gray beards 
and wigs, made from the moss which grows so plentifully 
in the cypress swamps; shirts and drawers outside; caps and 
coats wrong side out and wrong side up, in every conceivable 



154 Fifth Regiment M. V. M., Nine Months. 

manner, making a novel and picturesque, if not elegant, 
appearance. Each member of the band played a tune of his 
own choice, creating a bedlam of discords indescribable. 

From other sources it appears that the Thanksgiving Proc- 
lamation of Governor Andrew was read, and Chaplain Snow 
conducted rehgious services. There was no uniformity in 
dinner menus, each company being a law unto itself, oyster 
stew and plum pudding filling the bill in one, while chicken 
stew and whiskey punch were the notable viands of another. 
Perhaps no one company fared better on this day than the 
Woburn Phalanx (G), whose good luck was thus mentioned in 
the diary of a member: "Seventy-six chickens were brought 
to the Phalanx for Thanksgiving," and on the day itself he 
wrote: " Company G had baked beans for breakfast, boiled 
chicken for dinner and doughnuts for supper." In the retro- 
spect, one or two reflections concerning this last entry are 
allowable. Those seventy-six chickens must have been very 
small, the men enormous eaters, or such an allowance of fowl 
ought to have afforded Thanksgiving suggestions for the 
remainder of the week. 

To the good, honest soldier no pleasure of his camp life was 
greater than that of receiving letters from home. No matter 
how engrossing the duties of his every-day life might be, there 
was ever time to think about home and to wonder when the 
folks there were going to write. When the mail came in, 
whatever the hour of day or night, he was ready to receive 
and read; witness the following, written Monday, Dec. 1: 
" A mail arrived at midnight; all turned out at one o'clock to 
receive letters from home; candles were lighted and all who 
had received letters were soon engaged in absorbing the con- 
tents of the precious missives." Another, commenting on his 
failure to hear from home for nearly a month, thinks that the 
messages must have gone astray. He is evidently a thought- 
ful young man, since he has criticism for Fernando Wood and 
Erastus Brooks of New York, and a word of rejoicing over the 



December, '62. Newbern. 155 

election to Congress of Alexander H. Rice, the subsequent 
Governor of the Commonwealth. He comments thus on pass- 
ing events : 

Last Sunday (Nov. 30) eleven of us went into the city 
to church. It is a Presbyterian edifice, but is now used by 
the soldiers. The building was well filled, principally by 
soldiers of the Seventeenth Massachusetts, whose Chaplain 
preached from the 136th Psalm, not a very appropriate ser- 
mon for a soldier audience. The organ, however, was there 
and the singing was splendid. Later we went to a colored 
church, where the people seemed to be earnest and deeply 
engaged. They sing old-fashioned tunes, whose words the 
minister lines for them. . . . Last night (Dec. 1) 
Daniel McGilhcuddy (F) of Medford died, he being the third 
to pass on since w^e left Massachusetts; the other two were 
Grenache (I) from a fall on shipboard and Timothy Shehan 
(A), of Charlestown, Nov. 22. Court-martials have been 
common since Thanksgiving; one private for forging a pass 
was sentenced to w( ar his knapsack, packed, on all drills for 
a week, and not to receive a pass for a month; another for 
getting drunk on Thanksgiving Day had the same knapsack 
sentence and is debarred from passes for three months. We 
haven't had much cold weather yet, though the nights have 
been rather chilly. Today (Dec. 2) 7 drilled without a vest 
and was plenty waim. The steamer ''Mississippi" ha'^ just 
brought two more Massachusetts regiments, the Eighth and 
the Fifty-first, they having come up from Morehead City, 
Nov. 30. 

The earlier days of December abounded in stormy weather; 
one man writes, " Confining us to our tents, where we live in 
the sand like swine." Evidently he and his party had not 
put flooring into their " Sibley," Another, writing on the 
5th, says, " It rained today, so that we drilled only a short 
time." He makes this interesting entry concerning guard- 
duty, " When the guard comes off duty, it fires at a target, 
which is a full sized man marked on a board, and the best 
three shots are excused from duty when their turn comes 
around again. Of course, I wasn't one of the lucky ones. 
For several days past, we have drilled l)v brigade in loading 



156 Fifth Regiment, M. V. ]\I., Xine Months. 

and firing blank cartridges. It looks as though we were get- 
ting ready for action. The paymaster has arrived and there 
is prospect of our receiving our first two months' pay. It is 
nearly three months since we were mustered in, still I don't 
think we have much occasion to find fault. The boys are 
receiving boxes from home and it seems good to see old Massa- 
chusetts ' grub ' once more." 

December 6th brought an immense mail, it being stated 
that 10,000 letters and papers were distributed to the Fifth 
Regiment alone. What a host of friends the boys had in that 
far-away homeland. In a single tent there were received 
thirty-six letters and thirty-nine papers one day and twenty- 
five letters the next. With such literary occupations, reading 
and writing, where did the time for other work come in? 
When the folks at home write stating that from letters received, 
they would not suppose that the Tarboro trip was a very try- 
ing one, the honest volunteer says, " I had no idea of writing 
about ' awfully hard marching,' ' blistered feet,' ' nothing to 
eat,' and so on. I didn't expect to have a very easy time 
when I enhsted and thus far I have seen no more hardships 
than I expected, and I have not yet been sorry that I entered 
Uncle Sam's famih' of boys. Perhaps when we encounter 
greater hardships, I shall have occasion to change my mind." 

The night before the 7th of December it was cold enough to 
freeze the water in the near-by swamp to the thickness of 
three-eighths of an inch. Evidently the good folks way up 
in that northland are preparing many tokens of their loving 
care and boxing them for their representatives in Dixie, for 
all records teem with recitals of boxes received or boxes ex- 
pected. In these winterish days, there were thoughts of Bible 
studj^, and it is recorded that a class of fifty members, in three 
sections, was organized, and the first meetings were scheduled 
for the 7th, this being Sunday, but the advent of a mail of 
papers interrupted, nor was there anj^ other religious service, 
the raw weather preventing. That some of the regiment were 
careful of appearances is shown when a boy writes home for 



December, '62. Goldsboro Expedition. 157 

yarn with which to mend his socks, saying that he had become 
a great hand in washing and mending, though he did not 
always wash on Monday, and his ironing was done on the 
8th day of the week. 

GOLDSBORO EXPEDITION. 

Probably all members of the Fifth Regiment will agree that 
there was no more important event in the record of their nine- 
months' service than the December raid which they, with 
several thousands of others, made into the interior of North 
Carolina. While the Burnside Expedition had accomplished 
much for the Union cause and had enheartened Lincoln and 
the people immeasurably, yet the taking away of many of the 
troops to the Army of the Potomac and elsewhere, the with- 
drawal of Burnside himself, however excellent his successor. 
General Foster, might be, all had conspired to prevent the 
realization of plans that had been in the mind when the Union 
forces entered the Carolina waters in the preceding February. 
There had been times when to hold what had been taken was 
esteemed the best those left in charge could be expected to do. 
It was to compensate for these same withdrawn regiments 
that our Massachusetts men, of the short term, had been sent, 
and they were about to have a chance to show how well they 
could act. 

General Burnside, on the 7th of November, had been 
appointed by the President as the successor of General 
George B. McClellan in the command of the Army of the 
Potomac. In these early December clays his great force of 
men was gathered on and about the Heights of Falmouth, 
opposite Fredericksburg, Va., with the waters of the Rappa- 
hannock flowing between. That he might meet the least 
opposition possible in his contemplated attack on the Virginia 
city, behind whose buildings and battlements the hosts of 
Lee were encamped, it was ordered that there should be a 
simultaneous attack all along the lines, thus preventing any 



158 



Fifth Regiment, M. Y. M., Nine Months. 




December, '62. Goldsboro Expedition. 159 

sending of relief to the Confederates when the attack should 
begin. That Burnside in this connection should remember 
his faithful followers on the Carolina shores was the most 
natural thing in the world, and when his armies were essay- 
ing the terrible crossing of the Rappahannock, the soldiers 
in the Old North State under Foster were to move on to Golds- 
boro. Another simultaneous movement was to have been an 
attack on Weldon by General John J. Peck in command at 
Norfolk, but the detaching of General Henry W. Wessells 
and his Brigade to Newbern and General Foster left Peck in 
such condition that attacking was quite out of the question. 
To take care of his post was the most that could be expected 
of him. 

Goldsboro, the county seat of Waj'iie County, is one of 
the important cities of the North State and in war-times had 
considerable prominence as a station on the Wilmington & 
Weldon R. R., the principal line between Richmond and the 
extreme South. Could the railroad be taken and held or seri- 
ously injured, a severe blow thereby would be inflicted upon 
the Confederacy, another reason for these winter activities. 
Situated on the Neuse, it was one of the larger places of the 
State, and at certain times was reached by vessels, though 
as a rule Whitehall was considered the head of navigation on 
that stream. The force assigned to the expedition consisted 
of the brigades of Lee, Stevenson, Amory and Wessells, with 
the artillery brigade under Major Kennedy, having in all 
about fifty guns of varying calibre. 

Lee's brigade was made up of the Third, Fifth, Twenty-fifth, 
Twenty-seventh and Forty-sixth Massachusetts Regiments. 

Stevenson's had the Eighth, Twenty-fourth, Forty-fourth 
Massachusetts, Fifth Rhode Island and Tenth Connecticut 
Regiments. 

Amory's comprised the Seventeenth, Twenty-third, Forty- 
third, Forty-fifth and Fifty-first Regiments. 

Wessells', the lately arrived from Norfolk, had the Eighty- 
fifth, Ninety-second, Ninety-sixth New York, Eighty-fifth, 



IGO Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

One Hundred and First and One Hundred Third Pennsylvania 
Regiments. It should be stated that the Eighth Massachu- 
setts did not accompany the expedition, but remained in New- 
bern as garrison. In all, it was estimated that about 12,000 
men were on the march. 

Major General of Volunteers John G. Foster, chief in 
command, was a New Hampshire man by birth, 1824, and 
a West Pointer, 1846; served in the Mexican War, was 
wounded, and was brevetted for gallantry; was assistant 
professor of engineering at West Point, 1854-'58, and as an 
instructor taught many of the young officers now opposed 
to him, among them the Colonel, H. K. Burgwyn, Twenty- 
sixth North Carolina, one of the regiments opposed, to the 
Federals in their Tarboro trip, one of those making a stand 
at Rawles' Mills. The Confederates in their account of the 
affair laid considerable stress on the pupil's having outwitted 
his teacher. Foster was one of Burnside's brigade command- 
ers, and when the superior officer was ordered to the Army 
of the Potomac, Foster succeeded him in North Carolina. 
He had been one of Major Anderson's men in Fort Sumter. 
The greater part of his subsequent service was had in this 
department. He died at Nashua, N. H., September 2, 1874. 

Brevet Brigadier-general Horace C. Lee, Colonel of the 
Twenty-seventh Massachusetts, at this time commanding the 
brigade, was born in Springfield, January 31, 1822, and received 
his education there. At the age of twenty, he assisted in the 
formation of the Springfield Light Guards, and was Fourth 
Lieutenant at the expiration of their charter. He subse- 
quently held high rank in the militia, having been Colonel 
of the Twelfth Regiment, and was a Brigadier-general when 
he resigned his commission. Largely instrumental in the 
raising of the regiment, he saw all of the earlier service of the 
same in the Burnside Expedition, and on the retirement of 
Burnside became a brigade commander. He was actively 
employed in North Carolina until the spring of 1864, when, 
with others, his regiment was ordered to the Virginia service, 



December, '62. Goldsboro Expedition. 161 

where he was taken prisoner at Drewry's Bluff. He was mus- 
tered out with his regiment September 27, 1864. After the war 
he was several years in the Custom House, Boston, and later 
was Postmaster of Springfield for twelve years, dying June 
22, 1884. 

Brigadier-general Thomas G. Stevenson was the first Colo- 
nel of the Twenty-fourth Massachusetts. Born in Boston, he 
was twenty-five years old when the war began, and was 
Major in command of the Fourth Battalion, Fort Warren, 
during the earlier months of the war; promoted for gallantry 
on the field, he was called to Virginia by his old leader, Burn- 
side, and, in command of the First Division of the Ninth Army 
Corps, was killed at Spottsylvania, May 10, 1864. A beauti- 
ful bas-relief, erected by his comrades and friends, fills a space 
at the south entrance of the Hall of Flags, State House, Boston. 

Brevet Brigadier-general Thomas J. C. Amory, also Bos- 
ton born, was graduated from West Point, 1851, and was a 
captain in the Seventh Infantry when the war began. In 1861 
he served as mustering oflficer, thus assisting in the organi- 
zation of many regiments. On the organizing of the Seven- 
teenth, he was commissioned Colonel, and accompanied the 
same to North Carolina. In the autumn of 1864, Newbern 
suffered from a scourge of yellow fever, and among other 
victims was the wife of the Colonel. Returning from her 
funeral, he was himself stricken with the dread disease and 
died on the 6th of October. 

Brigadier-general Henry W. Wessells was a native of 
Litchfield, Conn., February 20, 1809; West Point, 1833; served in 
early wars with the Southern Indians; in the Mexican war, 
where he was wounded and brevetted for bravery; he organ- 
ized the Eighth Kansas, and with his regiment was under 
General Sykes at Yorktown; was wounded at Fair Oaks. 
From Virginia, as already seen, he was transferred to North 
Carolina, and in April, '64, being in command, he was obliged 
to surrender Plymouth to the enemy, after a defense of four 
days. He was retired January 1, 1871, from the regular army 

11 



162 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

after fortA^-two years of faithful service. He died in Dover, 
Delaware, January 13, 1889, 

December 10th orders were issued to the effect that rations 
should be prepared and baggage packed with expectation of 
marching within thirty-six hours. Of course, no one had the 
least idea of his destination. The soldier's duty is to obey 
orders, not to reason why. The food was made ready, knap- 
sacks were packed with whatever the owners did not deem 
imperatively necessary on the march and, with other camp 
equipage, were stored on transports, leaving only the tents 
standing. As the brigade was to close the rear as usual and 
the Fifth was to act as a wagon-guard, the start for these men 
was not as early as that of those who led off. Though the 
regimental line was formed at 7 a.m. (12th) and the brigade 
soon after, there were so many halts and interruptions, sun- 
down saw them still within sight of their standing camp, the 
same being scarcely more than a mile away. A dense fog in 
the morning obscured everything. The route was along the 
Trent road, and though the march was kept up until nearly 
4 o'clock in the morning, scarcely more than seven or eight 
miles were traversed. Much of the distance was marked by 
the destruction of fence-rails, these being the standard arti- 
cles of use in all campfires, whether for heat, light or coffee- 
boihng. All along the roads were tall pitch-pines from whose 
wounded sides had flowed the pitch for the making of tar, 
rosin and turpentine. There being great quantities of the 
pitch, dried and adhering to the sides of the trees, it was an 
easy matter to ignite it, and a splendid spectacle of fire accom- 
panied much of the march. 

Late as was the halt, even it was not of long duration, for 
after four hours' rest, the command was again '' Forward," 
and a rapid pace was maintained until 10.30 a.m., when there 
was a halt of three hours. This stop, however, was not one 
of real rest, rather was it a j^eriod of constant expectation, 
being called into line frequently, only to find that the start 



Dec. 13, '62. Goldsboro Expedition. 163 

was a false one. The trouble arose largely from the trees 
that the enemy had felled across the roads, thus rendering 
them impassable until the barriers had been cut away. It 
is probable that the presence of so many obstructions on this 
road towards Kinston, convinced General Foster of the pro- 
priety of changing his contemplated route for one farther to 
the left, so that he might evade the preparations of the Con- 
federates. Friday, camp was pitched soon after midnight. 
Saturday, the 13th, a slow start was made at 6.30, and just 
before noon a deep stream was crossed by means of a log 
bridge, near which the Fifty-first Massachusetts had been 
left as guard. Here we saw our first rebel prisoners. A 
squad, under the command of a lieutenant, had been sur- 
prised and brought in by our cavalry in the advance. They 
were a sorry looking lot, dressed in butternut homespun, 
wearing headgear of all sorts and conditions. They were 
first-class soldiers, though, brave, resolute and reliable, as we 
soon had occasion to know. 

The corduroy roads over which much of the route lay, soon 
began to suffer from the heavy baggage wagons and cannon 
rumbling across the logs, and many of the latter broke 
through, thus precipitating the vehicles into the underlying 
mud. Through such means a train was stalled during the 
afternoon of Friday and all hands had to turn in to help the 
same along. Though this was effected at the expense of much 
loud talk and profanity, especially on the part of the team- 
sters, the delay was long and vexatious. The story is told, 
though with how much truth it would be difficult to tell, that 
the driver of one of the stalled teams, in the midst of his wild 
raging, was approached by an over-zealous chaplain with the 
words, " My dear man, do you know what Jesus died for?" 

" T' 'ell with your conundrums; help me get these d d 

mules out of this mudhole," was the answer the 

chaplain got. Darkness came on during the efforts at extri- 
cation, and the weird effect of the torches, lighted to help on 
the work, gave impressions of Inferno that few of these 



164 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

youthful soldiers had ever had. At last all of the wagons, 
save one, were drawn through, and this, in a fit of despera- 
tion, was unloaded. Among the contents was a barrel of 
sugar of excellent quality. Though government goods, those 
defenders of the flag thought themselves the nearest con- 
sumers, and they went for that barrel in a most determined 
manner, very soon emptying it of its very last grain of the 
tasty stuff, but he was a lucky and most strenuous man who 
succeeded in getting more than one dip in the barrel. After 
the exit from the swamp, camp was pitched in a pleasant 
grove near a little church, known as Woodington,* though 
there was no other house in sight and there were not more 
than half a dozen within the radius of a mile. Confiscated 
sugar helped out the evening repast of hard-tack and coffee. 

KINSTON. 

The battle of Kinston was fought Sunday, the 14th day 
of December, just sixty-three years after the death of Wash- 
ington, as some of the well-posted soldiers recalled. The 
Lord's day always did seem to get its full share of fighting 
in all wars, and never a larger one than in that of the Rebel- 
lion. The Fifth Regiment had all of the noise and excite- 
ment of a nearby fight, with but little of its danger. Says 
one of the lads who made notes in passing: 

The two right companies, H and E, were detailed in the 
morning to support a battery of artillery and some cavalry 
which were sent around by a road that turned off to the right, 
but finally joined the road which the main body of our troops 
followed, probably to prevent the rebels from retreating that 
way. We marched quickly around to the support of the 
artillery, which was already engaged with the enemy, number- 
ing several hundred men, who had destroyed the bridge some 



*T\venty-six years later, Geo. E. Mitchell, Company B, journeying over 
the route of long ago, found the church just as it was, save for a coat of 
paint. Scratching away the paint, he found his initials just as he cut them 
when he was a Yankee boy in Dixie. 



Dec. 14, '62. Kinston. 165 

three rods long, over a small branch of the Neuse, called 
Southwest Creek, and, having throAvn up an earthwork, had 
planted two pieces of artillery. We left our overcoats and 
blankets in the woods to be read}" for action, and the first 
platoon of " H " was sent forward as skirmishers; the rest of 
us were posted a short distance from the road, to be in support- 
ing distance of the artillery. We lay there for some time, 
expecting the order to move forward every minute, but the 
Rebs, after firing awhile, probably hearing the noise of the 
battle in their rear and not knowing our numbers, being 
afraid that they might be cut off, skedaddled, leaving us to 
rebuild the bridge, which we did not finish until four o'clock. 
We then started on again, with the second platoon of H as 
skirmishers, but had advanced only half a mile when we 
heard that Kinston had been taken. The skirmishers were 
called in and we pushed on rapidly, reaching the river in time 
to cross it soon after dark, and encamped for the night in the 
town, the rest of the regiment remaining on the other side of 
the stream with the baggage. Our squad of cavalry succeeded 
in capturing six or eight of the rebels after our long stop in 
repairing the bridge. These Rebs are about the hardest look- 
ing lot of men I ever saw — ragged, dirty, the military looks 
of some consisting in cap only; others have uniforms of home- 
spun, others with perhaps a part of a suit, and still another 
with an old hood for a cap. Some said they had received no 
pay since last March; some haversacks contained only corn- 
meal bread and pork. I should judge that they fare pretty 
hard. I saw some of our dead and wounded and, in talking 
with one of the One Hundred Third Pennsylvania boys the 
day after the fight, he showed me where he had been wounded 
the day before, in the fleshy part of the leg above the knee, 
the bullet still remaining there. He didn't pay much atten- 
tion to it, limping along as if it were not of much consequence. 
I think our loss must have been about the same as that of 
the enemy. In one place we found g, hog, killed and dressed, 
ready to be cut up, and in another a box filled with pies, cakes, 
biscuit, sweet potatoes, etc., apparently to be sent to some 
soldier in the rebel army. Instead it helped fill certain Yankee 
stomachs. Kinston seemed to me to, be a place of more thrift 
and business, and had a more Yankee-like look than any place 
I have seen in the State. 

How nearly related people North and South were, was well 
illustrated by an incident of this occupation. The wife of a 



166 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

Dr. Miller was a Woburn woman, nee Jameson. She had 
been visiting in her native town and had improved the oppor- 
tunity to return to her North Carolina home on the steamer 
"Mississippi" when that vessel bore the Fifth Regiment south- 
ward. Though professing to be loyal in her sentiments, it 
later appeared that her trunk was filled with quinine for the 
aid and comfort of the enemy. Acting Lieut. Wyer of Co. E 
thought the chance for a call too good to be omitted, and so 
sought out and had a visit with this former fellow townswoman 
who, in her Kinston home, was realizing what civil war meant. 
Burning cotton and other articles filled the air with smoke, 
hence the interview between the soldier, the Doctor and the 
latter's wife was not exactly conventional. 

Evidently these two supporting companies of the Fifth 
came nearer the fray than any other part of the regiment, 
the major portion being still in the rear guarding the baggage 
train. Many of the men improved the opportunity to make 
up the loss of sleep for the preceding days and nights, the 
noise of the firing in front affording only a pleasant lullaby. 
As to the battle itself, while our regiment had only distant 
connection, it should be said that it was a brisk engagement, 
considering the numbers, and added somewhat to the laurels 
of General Foster, though its details were not exactly what 
he had intended. While the Forty-fifth among the Massachu- 
setts nine-months' troops was hotly engaged, and lost sixteen 
men, the other regiments from the Bay State heard and saw 
more of the fight than they actually had a part in. The 
brunt of the struggle seemed to fall on the Tenth Connecticut, 
and General John L. Otis, then Lieut. -colonel of the Tenth, 
tells this interesting story of the battle as he and his men saw it : 

Kinston was on the further side of the Neuse, on eleva- 
ted ground and about half a mile from the bridge. Between 
us and the bridge, and less than half a mile from it, was a 
dense, heavily wooded swamp, passable, as was supposed, 
only by a narrow road cut through it. No attempt was made 
to pass this swamp b}' the road, for it was enfiladed by the 



Dec. 14, '62. 



KiNSTON. 



167 




168 Fifth Regiment, ^l. V. M., Nine Months. 

enemy's artillery, on the opposite side of the river. The 
swamp itself was fully exposed to the fire of the same guns. 
Close up to this swamp, on the opposite side, the rebels held 
a good position, fairly well protected by a knoll covered with 
scrub-oak. They had also garrisoned an old church on their 
left. In this position the}- had a small brigade of infantry 
commanded by Colonel Mallett of North Carolina. On the 
other side of the river they had four guns so located that 
they could sweep the bridge, and not more than twenty feet 
from it. Below the bridge they had six or seven heavier guns, 
all entrenched and properly supported. Wessells' lirigade had 
the advance. Two of his r.egiments were ordered to penetrate 
the swamp on the right of the road, the other four on the left. 
The Forty-fifth ]\Iassachusetts of Amory's brigade was 
ordered to support on the right and the Twenty-third Massa- 
chusetts on the left. The remainder of Amory's brigade was 
held in reserve in the rear of the Twenty-third. Our artillery 
was in position about 200 yards in the rear, supported by 
Lee's brigade in "close column by divisions" on the right of 
the road. Stevenson's brigade was in marching column 
three-fourths of a mile in the rear. Despite heavy firing of 
musketry and artillery for more than three hours, the enemy 
still held his position behind the swamp and drove back the 
seven regiments sent against him. Up to this time, no one 
of the Burnside regiments had taken any active part, but now 
the Tenth Connecticut of Stevenson's brigade, Lieut. -col. 
Robert Leggett commanding, was ordered to the front. As 
it passed Lee's brigade, the Twenty-fifth and Twenty-seventh 
Massachusetts, Avith whose men those of the Tenth were on 
the best of terms, cheered loudly and offered lots of advice 
and promised to help if needed. The Tenth formed on the 
right of the road, in the rear of the three regiments that had 
been engaged already. General Foster, in person, had ordered 
the regiment to pass the swamp, to find the enemy and give 

an account of him The regiment passed 

through the swamp as rapidly as possible, exposed to the 
artillery of the enemy, and deafened by the firing from the 
Union guns near at hand. The Tenth passed over the men 
of Wessells' brigade as it lay in line of battle, meeting no 
opposition until it reached the top of the scrub-oak knoll, 
where it encountered the concentrated fire of the whole rebel 
force. It was a hurricane of lead. While officers and men 
went down by the dozens, the regiment did not flinch, return- 



Dec. 15, '62. Kinston. 169 

ing the fire vigorously for ten minutes when, the enemy show- 
ing signs of confusion, the Tenth clashed foiward, giving the 
rebels the naked bayonet. The rout was complete and the 
Confederates made for the bridge in wild confusion, soon 
covering it with a bewildering array of men in gray. Seeing 
that the men, on crossing the bridge, were forming behind 
breastworks on the other side, the Tenth halted and poured 
a deadly fire directly into the struggling mass on the bridge. 
This had the effect of forcing those, still remaining on this 
side, to throw away their muskets and to take refuge under 
the river's bank. The enemy had fired the bridge, it being 
smeared with turpentine, in his crossing, but this was extin- 
guished by the formation of a bucket brigade, using the 
artillery buckets of the batteries. Meantime the fire of our 
artillery on the entrenchments opposite was so strong that 
the rebels withdrew, those still on this side of the river sur- 
rendering. Notwithstanding the putting out of the fire, there 
was enough left to discharge one of the thrown-away muskets, 
thereb}^ killing Colonel Chas. 0. Gray of the Ninety-sixth 

New York, who had ridden up to see the retreat 

Two or three regiments were allowed to cross the 
river and to take possession of Kinston, the place being filled 
with smoke, arising from burning cotton and corn, the same 
ignited by the enemy in his retiring. The bridge having been 
repaired the entire army crossed, and passing through the 
town camped in the fields beyond. In the morning, instead 
of pursuing the foe, the army recrossed the river and burned 
the bridge, to preserve which so much pains had been taken 
the day before. 

In the Kinston telegraph office General Foster found news 
of the disaster at Fredericksburg, and that unlimited re-enforce- 
ments could and would be sent to the relief of the Confederates, 
a condition that it was well for our General to understand, 
and a knowledge of it was full compensation for the derange- 
ment of his original plans, which were to permit the rebels to 
burn the bridge in retiring, thus confining them to the northern 
side of the stream, while the Union troops would proceed 
directly towards Goldsboro. The morning of Monday, the 
15th, beheld the army again on the march, and there was all 
the more reason for activity, since the fact that Lee was send- 



170 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M,, Nine Months. 

ing help would require the utmost speed to accomplish the 
purposes of the expedition. The march was a long and 
tedious one; the brigade (Wessells'), which was in advance on 
the 14th, was now in the rear, and Lee's brigade moved up a 
number. Owing to narrow roads and their crowded condition, 
it was not the easiest of tasks for our regiment and its associates 
to get to their place. However, the longest day has its end, 
and that of the 15th came after a weary tramp of 15 miles 
along the right or south bank of the Neuse. The camp was 
on a widely extended plain, so wdnd-swept that it was with 
difficulty that the men could keep their blankets over them- 
selves. The days of these marches were like those of middle 
autumn in New England, wdiile the nights certainly missed the 
sun. 

WHITEHALL. 

Tuesday, the 16th, was to bring another battle name into 
note, though the " boys " didn't know it as they plugged 
steadily forward, but once more the part of the Fifth in the 
affair is best told in the following frank manner by a private, 
writing to his sister: 

Before noon, the heavy report ahead, soon followed by 
others, indicated that the "ball" was once more opened. The 
reports increased in number and rapidity, mingled with the 
sharp crack of musketry, showing that quite a brisk engage- 
ment was taking place ahead, and that there was some pros- 
pect of our taking another lesson in warfare. The ambulances 
soon began to return, bringing the wounded, and I think this 
of all sights would be apt to give a sickening sensation to a 
soldier going on the battlefield for the first time. But that, 
like every other feeling, would wear off after a while. The 
scene of the battle was at a place called Whitehall, where it 
seems the rebels had quite a large force, and where it was 
reported some rebel gunboats were being built. Our first 
brigade only, I think, was engaged. Of the rebel force, I can 
form no adequate idea. Before the engagement was over our 
brigade received orders to go to the front. Accordingly we 
passed along the road on the side of a hill overlooking the 
whole affair, and therefore we had a fine opportunity of 



Dec. 16, '62. 



Whitehall. 



171 




172 Fifth Regiment, i\I. \. M., Nine ^Months. 

observing the disposition of our forces. As we jDassed in the 
rear of the batteries, the bullets whizzed over our heads quite 
briskly. One of the men in our company, Thomas Eldridge, 
was wounded in the leg by one of them, the ball first going 
through the overcoat and blouse of the man standing next to 
him. Three others in the regiment were wounded here. This 
was really the first time we were under fire. Soon after we 
had passed, the firing ceased and we learned that the rebels 
had been whipped. 

So much for Whitehall as the unsophisticated boy saw and 
heard it. Once more let us turn to the story as told by 
General Otis of the Tenth Connecticut: 

When our brigade was about four miles from the place, 
a heavy fire of artillery was opened and kept up continuously. 
We pushed forward rapidly and were soon met by General 
Foster's orderly, Schroeder, with orders for us to hasten for- 
ward, as we were needed at the front. We lost no time in 
getting there, but when we arrived, we wondered what all of 
the hurry was about. An unbridged and unfordable river was 
between us and the enemy. They lined the l^anks with infan- 
try, well protected by large trees, in whose branches many 
sharpshooters were concealed. Over thirty pieces of artillery 
were thundering at them from our side, to which their single 
battery was replying with spirit. Of course the advantage 
was with them, since they were protected, while our troops 
fought in the open field. Our superiority in artillery was not, 
under the circumstances, of the slightest advantage to us. 
With the exception of the Twenty-fifth, the Massachusetts 
boys had little to do at Kinston, but some of them were in for 
it here. When we arrived on the field, the Ninth New Jersey 
and the Seventeenth Massachusetts of Amory's brigade, and 
100 men from the Twenty-fifth Massachusetts, Lee's brigade, 
were deployed along the river's bank, returning the fire of the 
enemy opposite. The remainder of Lee's brigade was drawn 
up in support of the artillery. The Twenty-fourth, Forty- 
fourth and other regiments were moving to different positions, 
which they reached w^ithout serious loss, but the Twenty- 
third Massachusetts, Colonel Chambers, advanced deliber- 
ately in line of battle across an open field to the river bank, 
under a galling fire, which they continued to return with great 
coolness until they had expended their ammunition, and lost 
sixty-two in killed and wounded. Their conduct was mag- 



Dec. 16, '62. Whitehall. 173 

nificent, but it yielded them no trophies. An impassable river 
separated them from the enemy, and neither arms, colors nor 
prisoners could be captured. The Forty-fourth lost twenty- 
two killed and wounded, the Twenty-fifth had several 
wounded, and some loss fell on Amory's brigade, but the 
great loss of the day fell on the Twenty-third. 

General Otis's regiment, the Tenth Connecticut, was ordered 
so far to the left that they found no enemy opposite, but 
with characteristic Yankee industry, anxious for something 
to do, four of their pioneers swam the river, its waters being 
ice cold, having their axes strapped upon their backs, and 
commenced felling trees into the stream. Others were doing 
the same thing on our side of the river, and a large detail was 
sent to pull do^n a house near by to secure timbers for the 
equipping of a bridge, which would have been evolved in short 
order had not General Stevenson ridden up and told them 
they were a bit previous, since General Foster did not wish 
to cross the river there, hence history is silent concerning the 
well-planned bridge which never was built. Another incident 
of Whitehall is told by E. A. Perry of " I ": " On the bank 
of the river, opposite to our position, were two partially con- 
structed ironclads. To destroy them was one of the objects 
of the expedition. A delay was made to do this. A daring 
private, named Butler, but of what regiment I do not know, 
plunged into the stream and swam to the burning bridge, and 
securing a torch, attempted to fire the vessels. Immediately 
he became the target for rebel sharpshooters, and was driven 
off without accomplishing his object. Again as he swam back, 
he was shot at by the enemy, but he escaped unharmed. The 
gunboats were battered into ruins by our artillery." 

(The soldier was Henry Butler, Co. C, Third New York 
Cavalry.) 

After this episode by the riverside, the march proceeded for 
several miles, ending at sunset, when there came the well- 
earned bivouac, where after cooking coffee and fresh pork or 
whatever kind of meat the soldier may have foraged, and 



174 Fifth Regiment, M. ^^ M., Nine Months. 

baking the potatoes which some frugal North Carohnian had 
stored up for the winter, each man wrapped the drapery 
of his couch (in this case just a woolen blanket) about him 
and lay down to dreams pleasant or otherwise. 

Certain it was that each one was tired enough to enjoy the 
chance. The night passed all too quickty for these weary 
mortals and, seemingh^ very soon, came the reveille, a call 
to action again. Breakfast eaten, at 8. a.m. the command 
" Forward" was heard along the lines, and Foster's army 
advanced still further into Rebeldom. It was noon or there- 
about when artillery firing was heard ahead. Again a regiment- 
al scribe is quoted, he telling what came under his observation: 

GOLDSBORO. 

It seems that our advance came out of the woods onto a 
small hill, whence a few rebels were seen across the clearing, 
but a few shots from our battery sent them "flying" into the 
woods. This, as we afterwards learned, was our destination, 
our purpose being to destroy the railroad bridge which here 
spans the Neuse, and also to break up the telegraph commu- 
nication, Goldsboro being an important point on the Wilming- 
ton & Weldon R. R. I send you [his sister] enclosed a rough 
plan of the scene of the fight, thinking it may aid you in under- 
standing the disposition of the forces. Our regiment first 
entered the woods on the left of the road, with the Twenty- 
fifth Massachusetts nearly opposite the house, the other troops 
being posted in the field, facing towards the figure "3" where 
the rebels were first seen. After firing awhile, our infantry 
and artillery supporting them, were advanced towards the 
railroad, about where you see the figure "5," our regiment 
being formed in the rear of Morrison's (N. Y.) Battery, which 
was stationed where the number "2" is seen, probably intended 
to prevent any flank movement of the enemy. We were 
almost out of range, though the shot occasionally struck near 
us. One shell struck on the railroad track, close to General 
Lee. He came down by our regiment laughing, and saying, 
"It was coming pretty close." The rebels, however, were soon 
driven away, and the bridge having been set fire to and the 
telegraph wire cut. the troops went to work and tore up the 



Dec. 17, '62. 



GOLDSBORO. 



175 




176 Fifth Regiment, M. ^'. M., Nine Months. 

railroad track in the quickest if not the most scientific style. 
Whole sections of the track, sleepers still attached, were 
tipped up and thrown down the embankment, so twisted 
and warped as to be of no further use to the enemy; the 
latter condition being effected by piling up the sleepers and 
whatever other woody material that could be found, and 
after laving the rails above, setting fire to the combustible 
stuff. 

All this being done, we were told by General Foster that 
our object was attained, and that we were to return at once 
to Newbern, our brigade bringing up the rear, and we began 
to move off at once. All of the regiments except our own 
had started, and the last battery had limbered up and was 
just about taking its position ahead of us, when the rebels, 
numbering, I should think, one regiment, came out of the woods 
cheering, and bearing what appeared to be a flag of truce. 
Some of our cavalry went down towards them, but were 
fired into. The point where they came out was near the 
number "4." Our battery was run back and took its position 
(it is marked on the diagram) and our regiment formed in its 
rear for support, the Third being placed a little to the rear 
and right of us. The enemy came across the track and 
advanced where you see the word '' rebel " with quite a 
good front, seeming about to charge on the battery, evidently 
thinking that most of our troops had gone back, as a small 
hill hid them from sight. The battery immediately opened on 
them, and, advancing as they were with the Stars and Bars 
in their midst (which, by the way, was the first rebel flag I 
had seen), it had a fine chance to fire at them. The first shots 
must have told terribly in their ranks. We could see great 
gaps made by the grape and canister as they were hurled 
among them at short range. After the first few shots they 
began to waver, and the battery keeping up its fire, their 
colors having been shot to the ground, they Vjroke, and fled to 
the cover of the woods as fast as possible. 

Just before this another battery (Belger's Rhode Island) 
had got into position behind the Third Regiment, and both 
regiments had lain down to allow the firing over us. The 
artillery continued firing, while the rebels remained in sight, 
and as it was ordered to fire low, the balls could be seen to 
strike the sand and skip along. Meanwhile two or three other 
rebel regiments of infantry had come around on our left with 
the intention of outflanking us, Init they were promptly met 



Dec. 17, '62. Goldsboro. 177 

by the Twenty-fifth, Twenty-seventh and Forty-sixth Massa- 
chusetts of our brigade, which was the only Union brigade in 
the fight. They were posted near the figure "6." 

The rebel troops which had been repulsed on our right, 
having reformed, I suppose, came along that point of woods 
marked "7," with the intention of firing down upon us from the 
trees, but they were seen, and the Third Massachusetts, 
being nearer, and more nearly facing the woods, was ordered 
to fire into them, and for a few minutes the bullets whizzed 
over us pretty lively. Nearly all the time we were lying on 
the ground, the grape and shells from the enemy had been 
dropping over and around us and several in the regiment had 
been wounded, though none of them were from our company. 
By this time it was nearly dark and the "Rebs," finding they 
could accomplish nothing, retreated, no doubt thinking they 
had caught a Tartar. 

I forgot to mention that as we first formed behind the 
battery we had orders to fix bayonets, and if they had advanced 
farther we should have had a chance to charge. The rebels 
having been driven away, we had started to overtake the 
other brigades before halting for the night. The little stream, 
marked "8," when we came to the field did not come to the top 
of our boots, but our troops had destroyed the saw-mill just 
above, and thereby let the water down, so that when we came 
to it on our return, it was running a swift stream, waist-deep. 
We thought it rather cold, but there was no alternative to 
wading it, and so in we went, the Twenty-seventh covering 
the rear and the Fifth was next ahead. We marched slowly 
until we reached our camping ground of the night before, 
where we halted. The woods along the way were one contin- 
ual fire, made by the troops in advance of us, and before we 
got to camp our clothes were nearly dry. The troops we had 
fought, we heard, were from South Carolina, and had just 
arrived in the cars, a train of which was approaching when 
the bridge was set fire to. Undoubtedly, had we been a day 
later, the fighting had been harder. 

Another private of the Fifth narrates that as General Foster 
and staff galloped swiftly to the front, the Fifth was ordered 
forward at double-quick to take its place on the left of the 
battle-hne. Crossing a small stream, called " Sleepy Creek,'' 
with high banks, but only a few inches of water, line was formed 
in the woods. While waiting there, one of the boys in Co. 
12 



178 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

" I " caused a general laugh, for, when all were expecting a 
rain of shot and shell, this fellow was seen climbing one of the 
tallest of the pine trees near the line. The major, catching 
sight of this, ordered him down. Though he obeyed, it was 
with an injured air, exclaiming, " I want to see the rebels," 
a wish which was soon gratified. Soon after the Third 
Massachusetts was detached from the line to assist in tearing 
up the railroad tracks, so that our regiment came out of the 
woods and was formed on the open, almost at right angles to 
its former position. At this moment Lieut. -colonel Boyd 
came down the track and ordered Co. D to march forward to 
defend the men who were tearing up the track. The rest, of 
the regiment had nothing to do but patiently wait. It was 
not a very long time, seemingly, but the track was torn up 
for a mile, the l)ridge across the Neuse destroyed, and with 
cheers for the success of the expedition, we were turning our 
faces homeward, the other regiments having already left the 
field. We were about to recross Sleepy Creek, leaving the 
battery (Riggs') still in position on the hill, when our ears 
were greeted with the rebel yell. Coming to our ears for the 
first time, it was a great surprise, being more of a screech than 
an honest yell or cheer. The waiting in line, unable to return 
the shots, was more trying than active engagement. One of 
the men exclaiming, " I'm hit," dropped his gun and made 
for the rear, but very soon returned, saying, " Well, boys, I 
guess I'm not much hurt after all." A grape shot had touched 
his arm, grazing his sleeve and leaving a scorched trail. The 
soldier survived this peril to die of yellow fever, the following 
summer. As an illustration of the faithful soldier who sought 
his place, even in the front, was furnished when his comrades 
heard the remark, " Boys, I am glad that I've found you at 
last." It was the company cook who, encumbered with 
camp-pots, kettles, etc., had sought his fellows until, finding 
them, he dropped in among them as though a battlefield were 
a place of refuge. The day, a mid-winter one, was cold, and 
a certain corporal felt the lack of warmth so much that he 



Dec. 17, '62. Goldsboro. 179 

went back to a rail-fence which was burning, this in spite of 
the commands of his lieutenant, ostensibly to get warm. He 
didn't stop at the fence, but went further. The act was never 
forgotten and months afterwards in the silence of the night, 

a voice might be heard crying, "Corporal A ! Corporal 

A !" When the corporal had been roused and had replied, 

the query would come, " Got warm yet? " 

For a clear description of the entire field, recourse is once 
more had to the story as told by General Otis of the Tenth 
Connecticut : 

Lee's brigade had the advance, with the Twenty-fifth 
Massachusetts as skirmishers. About noon they struck the 
rebel skirmish line and drove it back on the main body at the 
Wilmington & Weldon Railroad bridge, over the Neuse 
River, near Goldsboro. To destroy this bridge and thus pre- 
vent railroad communication between Lee's army and the 
south part of the Confederacy, in case of Lee's defeat at Fred- 
ericksburg, was the prime object of the expedition. The 
enemy's force on our side of the river consisted of a brigade 
of infantry and a battery under General Clingman. As the 
enemy was forced back, the Third, Twenty-fifth and Twenty- 
seventh Massachusetts took a commanding position on the 
right, where they were joined by the Ninth New Jersey and 
the Seventeenth Massachusetts, with the Fifth and Forty- 
sixth on the left. Wessells' troops were beginning to arrive, 
so the line pushed forward and drove Clingman's force back 
towards the bridge in confusion. His efforts to rally his men 
were futile, the most of them crowding over the bridge in dis- 
order, while some of them concealed themselves along the 
bank, which w^as covered with trees and underbrush on our 
side. Across the river they had stationed Starr's Battery, 
so as to enfilade the bridge and command quite a stretch of 
the railroad over which our troops must pass to capture and 
burn the bridge. This battery was supported by a brigade 
of infantry, while two other regiments, with Robertson's 
South Carolina brigade, were stationed so as to cover the 
approaches to the bridge and the river bank. Evans's brigade 
arrived from Whitehall in time to assist them. Adjutant 
Mann of the Seventeenth Massachusetts and several others 
attempted to approach the bridge, but all were killed or 
wounded, and the chances for burning it seemed desperate. 



180 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

The necessity for burning it had passed with Burnside's 
defeat, but it was determined that our expedition should be 
a complete success, so nearly our entire strength of artillery 
was placed in a commanding position and opened on the 
enemj^ Under the cover of its fire, Lieut. Graham of the 
Tw^enty-third New York Battery and Private Wm. Semons 
of Co. E, Ninth New Jersey, succeeded in reaching and setting 
fire to the bridge. This seemed to drive the enemy wild. 
Regardless of the thirty or forty pieces of artillery raining 
shot and shell upon them, they enfiladed the road with a fire 
that it was impossible to pass through, so Graham and Se- 
mons threw themselves from the abutments into the bushes 
and succeeded in making their w^ay back in safety. 
We then had orders to move back on the road 
to Newbern, but we had not marched more than two miles 
when a furious artillery fire broke out in our rear. The 
Tenth halted, and soon an orderly came riding at topmost 
speed and looking very much frightened, with an order for 
us to return. We countermarched, and at double-quick were 
soon back with the rear guard, but too late to be of any ser- 
vice to them. Lee's brigade, with Morrison's, Belger's and 
Riggs' batteries, had been left as a rear guard, occup.ying the 
slope of a hill not far from the railroad, but were making 
preparations to withdraw. Morrison's Battery, supported 
by the Third, Fifth and Forty-sixth Massachusetts, was still 
in position; the other batteries were preparing to retire, the 
Twenty-fifth was on the way to the rear and the Twenty- 
seventh making coffee, when suddenly the well-known rebel 
yell filled the air, followed by the roar and crash of rebel 
artillery and three doul)le lines of infantry under Evans were 
seen charging up the slope to capture Morrison's guns. Lee's 
three regiments in line pressed up to support Morrison, whose 
guns were already cutting gaps in the rebel lines. The Twenty- 
seventh dropped their coffee cups, and taking their muskets, 
closed promptly up on the left. Belger, who would put his 
guns nearer to the enemy than any Vjattery commander I 
ever saw. swung his pieces into position to enfilade the enemy's 
lines as they advanced, and Pickett of the Twenty-fifth with- 
out waiting for orders countermarched at double-quick to 
support him. General Glingman had crossed over from Golds- 
boro unobserved, by a county bridge, which by a strange 
oversight had been left standing, at the head of two heavy 
brigades of infantry and two batteries, and had made this 



Dec. 17, '62. 



GOLDSBORO. 



181 




182 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine ^Months. 

serious attack before his presence on this side the river was 
known, but the steady fire of five Massachusetts regiments, 
together with the execution by the artillery, soon sent the 
Confederates hurrying back, leaving their dead and wounded 
in great numbers strewing the ground over which they had 
advanced. 

While the foregoing was happening to Evans and his men, 
Clingman himself had led two regiments and a battery to 
turn our flank, but Evans having been cUsposed of, Lee turned 
Belger's and Riggs' batteries against them, and Clingman too 
was driven back in disorder, this ending all overt acts on 
the part of the Confederates. The behavior of the rear guard 
under Lee was magnificent, and it received credit, indirectly, 
from Clingman himself, who said in his report: "We were 
swept b}' heavy batteries, supported by masses of infantry. 
Our forces advanced courageously, but were cut down by 
a fire of grape and canister not possible to withstand. But 
for this loss thus sustained, we should have had the satisfac- 
tion of knowing that, with a vastly inferior force, we had 
driven the enemy from a strong position and obliged their 
whole army to retreat, almost without any loss to us." This 
was eciuivalent to saying that if our rear guard had offered 
no resistance, he would have won a victory. As it was, 
Lee's brigade routed him completely with considerably less 
force than he brought into action. On our side, it was the 
best managed engagement of the campaign. In it the enemy 
were taught the difference between charging a strong position 
and waiting in such a position to be charged. Acting on the 
offensive, we almost alwaj's had to attack well selected and 
strongly fortified positions. By some the enemj^'s loss was 
put as high as 800, by others as low as 500; it was undoubt- 
edly higher than the lower figure. Lee's loss was small, not 
exceeding twenty-five killed and wounded. 

Returning to the story of the day as told by survivors of the 
Fifth, it appears that the popular notion then that the cutting 
of the dam, thus raising the waters of Sleepy Creek, was an 
act of the enemy, was entirely wrong, the same having been 
done b}' order of General Foster, to hinder any pursuit that 
the Confederates might institute. Whatever the cause, all 
agree that the waters were cold and the imperative bath far 
from agreeable. " We plunged in, carrying guns, haversacks, 



Dec. 18, '62. The Return. 183 

cartridge-boxes, etc., high over our heads. The comfort of 
crossing was not enhanced by the occasional charging through 
o^r hne of a log or rail; the current was so swift that we were 
borne down stream some distance. I had hardly stepped into 
the water when I felt my bayonet clutched by some one behind. 
He had a strong grip, whoever he was, and he kept his hold 
till the further bank was gained. He proved to be the Lieu- 
tenant in command of the company next to ours, and he was 
gentleman enough to express his thanks for the service thus 
rendered. He was so light in weight that he declared he 
could not have got across without my help. It was a lucky 
thing for us that the regiments ahead of us had set fire to the 
trees, so that we marched through a double line of illuminations 
till we reached the site of last night's camp." 

Geo. E. Mitchell of " B " was said to be the shortest man 
in the regiment; if those of average stature had a hard time 
in crossing, how much more difficult must it have been for 
him? He said, himself, that he walked on tip-toes with his 
chin up, utterly careless as to gun and cartridges, and so went 
through to find his Lieutenant Harrington, moving up and 
down the bank of the creek, shouting, " Has anyone seen 
Mitchell?" The thoroughly saturated bodily presence of 
the future Mayor of Chelsea was a grateful revelation to the 
anxious officer. 

THE RETURN. 

Fully a week away from Newbern, rations were growing 
scan", and "almost supperless to bed" was the fate of the 
majority of these tired soldiers. The baggage train was far 
ahead ince Lee's brigade was again in the rear, and a long 
way too. It was necessary to live on the country, but what 
could we expect after the thousands equally hungry had 
foraged before us? However plenty sweet potatoe > may 
have been to the head of the column, there were very few left 
fo us. A few cattl: were found and killed, but he most of 
them had been found by the ear'ier marchers. The meat 



184 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

ration of about two cubi • inches per man, that night, was far 
from satisfying. However, it required more than one day's 
fast to quench the ardor of the men who had heard and se^ 
so much that day. Thursday, the 18th, revealed the exceed- 
ing leanness of the commissary's cupboard; that of the tradi- 
tional Mother Hubbard could scarcely have been more bare. 
Whatever the officer's disposition, he had absolutely nothing 
for his men. Some of them were ready to breakfast from the 
raw turnips in a nearby field, but to such food there was an 
early limit. Since there was nothing to cook and eat, if they 
halted, it seemed best to all to forge ahead as rapidly as 
possible, and this they did, with just a httle coffee and now 
and then a sweet potato, which had to be shared wd'h hungry 
neighbors. 

In the edge of evening, there came a little relief when a 
cache of more than a thousand bushels of sweet potatoes was found 
and utilized. Sharp eyes had discovered what those of the 
morn had overlooked. One thoughtful writer comments on 
the suffering this inroad must have induced among the dwellers 
along the route : " In our need, we must have left many a house- 
hold with nothing of their winter's supply of bacon and sweet 
potatoes. Upon what they were to live during the weeks of 
the winter we asked not. They were our enemies and we 
were hungry. Such is war, essentiality selfish and barbarous." 
General Otis commented that probably there was not left 
alive a chicken nor an unburned fence-rail between Newbern 
and Goldsboro, within half a mile of the line of march. As 
the distance was about seventy miles, there must have been 
a widespread region of desolation. The distance marched 
this day some of the men give as twenty-five miles, the same 
ending about midnight, and not so very far from Kinston. 
Just below the latter place hard-tack rations w^ere secured from 
the gunboats, and these lasted until reaching Newbern. In 
exchange the boats took aboard the wounded and disabled 
from the fights and marching. 



Dec. 19-21, '62. The Return. 185 

Whether war be excusable or not, there is not the least 
doubt as to the transcendent beauty of a camp-scene at 
night. Many of the weary travelers on this day and night 
were late in reaching their bivouac, and more than one recorded 
his impressions of the sight as he came near where he was to 
pass the rest of the night. Says one of these scribes, " It 
was past midnight when we neared the camping place of the 
whole army, it occupying a large clearing on a hill; long lines 
of soldiers extended at right angles to the line of march. Wood 
was plenty and every squad had built a fire, so that almost 
innumerable fires gleamed in parallels; for some unknown 
reason the nearest fires seemed to burn with an intense white 
light. The next had a slight tinge of color, this deepening 
in each successive line until the last, which were of a pro- 
nounced red. It was the most magnificent pyrotechnic display 
that I ever saw. Men weary, footsore, dirty, ragged and 
hungry, dragged themselves to the top of the hill, whence this 
sight was seen, and forgetful of their troubles, dropped their 
musket butts to the ground, exclaiming, " Oh, how beautiful!" 

Friday, the 19th, the return was begun again, this time 
taking the route that Foster swerved from in his advance, 
that he might evade the preparations for a warm reception 
made by the enemy. His wisdom was apparent in every 
step of the way, for had the direct road been taken it could 
have been gone over only with great loss. The wit of the 
General in thus setting at naught the careful work of the 
rebels was a matter of frequent comment. Night found 
the Fifth within ten or twelve miles of Newbern, which city 
was reached Sunday, the 21st, about noon, though there were 
arrivals before this and afterwards; but whether earlier or 
later, all were glad to get back, Newbern being much like 
home as compared with what they had been through. One 
of the unlooked-for results of the expedition was the bringing 
V)ack with the soldiers of a large number of ex-slaves, who, 
putting their entire possessions in a bundle, larger or smaller, 
as the case might be, added themselves to the column, and to 



186 Fifth Regiment, M. \'. M., Nine Months. 

the number of 500 or more came into Newbern with the army. 
Very many of them soon afterwards were helped to the North, 
and a very hirjie part of the permanent colored population of 
^Massachusetts reached this " promised land " by way of 
Newbern. It was also commented that seemingly each family 
was followed by at least one dog. 

NEWBERN. 

Ten days' absence from the established camp was long 
enough to give to every man an ardent wish to find 
out what the mail and express had brought to him, 
for the constant marching had put them beyond the reach of 
such conveniences. Says one of the favored concerning 
what he found. " You can't imagine how good those doughnuts, 
that cake, the butter and preserves tasted. The mittens are 
all right. A lot of boxes came to-day, just in time for Christ- 
mas." The records of the regiment give the following list 
of casualties: at Whitehall, W. W. Anderson (B), painful 
contusion just below the left knee, spent ball; Peter Conlin 
(D), t)all in the knee: Wm. Eldridge (E), seriously, ball 
lodged in the thigh: at (loldsboro, G. AV. Burroughs (B), 
contusion on left hip, from grape-shot; CI. AV. Barnes (B), 
contusion in leg; W. A. Hardy (D), contusion in back; David 
O. Williams (D), flesh wound in head; H. J. Babcock (I), 
contusion in leg. As a result of the expedition, all regiments 
partici])ating were permitted to have inscribed on their l)anners 
the words, Kinston, Whitehall and Goldsboro, the three 
engagements in which they had borne a part. Also, through 
the recommendations of General Foster, commissions as 
Brigadier-general were issued to several officers who had 
distinguished themselves, among them Colonel Thomas G. 
Stevenson of the Twenty-fourth Massachusetts, clearly most 
worthy, but that to Colonel Lee, who had so gallantly led 
our brigade, was denied on the statement that not more than 
one such commission at a time should go to a single state. 



Dec. 21, '62. Newbern. 187 

The period we are about entering proved to be one of 
exceeding quiet, especially in the old North State. Burn- 
side's forces on the banks of the Rappahannock, across from 
Fredericksburg, are recovering from the shock of their terrible 
engagements. In the west, Rosecrans with his army is 
working along towards the dread culmination of Stone River 
or Murfreesboro, on the very last of the month, and Sherman 
is beginning the operations against Vicksburg. In the records 
of these final days of December, only a single mention is made 
of any point in the Department of the Gulf, and no appearance 
of North Carolina is found until January 17th, a skirmish at 
Pollocksville, in which the Third New York Cavalry figured. 
Indeed, so even ran the course of events in this department, 
the statistical accounts make only four mentions of North 
Carolina from this time onward for the next four months. 
The very carefully kept order book of Adjutant Eustis has 
only the record of individual details, the providing for courts- 
martial and the petty operations incident to garrison life. 

This state of affairs was one for which the soldiers themselves 
were in no way responsible. They were present for duty, and 
after they had recovered from the fatigue of the latest expedi- 
tion, would have been glad to start again for some part of the 
Confederacy where they might strike a blow for the Union. 
Just what the purpose of the Government was in this prolonged 
period of inaction, never has been told, possibly never will be. 
At this time, almost half a century after the days involved, 
inasmuch as many of the three years' regiments were with- 
drawn for service in South Carolina, and all of the short-term 
troops were retained in the North State, it would seem that 
the authorities at Washington were contenting themselves 
with the holding of what had already been gained, thus 
employing a certain portion of the Confederates as an offset 
while new operations were begun elsewhere. Evidently the 
time for moving on Wilmington had not as yet arrived. 
Under the watchful care and guidance of General Foster, it was 
almost sure that no misfortune would befall this portion of the 



188 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

seat of war; meanwhile something was doing towards inspir- 
ing a Union sentiment among the native North Carohnians. 

Unless a man is of a very active, nervous temperament, he 
is likely to adapt himself to almost any condition where his 
physical wants are all supplied and the work is not too hard, 
provided that his pay is going on and in the not very remote 
distance he sees the probability of his return to his home and 
normal occupations. For some time this seemed to be the 
situation in which the Fifth was placed. Camp Peirson was 
as comfortably pitched as any such aggregate could be, 
barring the presence of some malarial laden swamps. The 
city of Newbern was near at hand, and passes could be had 
at frequent intervals, so that soldiering in North Carolina 
was not the hardest task in the world. Postal facilities were 
good, and the express companies were constantly bringing 
to these far-away sons and brothers no end of good things 
from home. There is hardly a letter or diary extant that 
does not mention the arrival of receptaclesfilled with "goodies" 
for the " Boys in Blue," so remote from the realms of " moth- 
er's cooking." Again during this period, there is a lacking 
of entries in the records that the soldiers were wont to make 
in their individual journals Seemingly one day was very 
much like another, and what was the use of entering the 
monotonous round of " Got up, ate, drilled, did fatigue duty 
and went to bed"? 

Of this particular portion of the regiment's stay in the 
department, Private E. A. Perry (I) has the following interest- 
ing entry: 

In our Newbern camp, we remained [until the 13th day 
of March. Several expeditions were made by small parties 
into the surrounding country. Generally only a single brigade 
took part in these. The casualties were small and the results 
unimportant. These little raids kept the troops in warlike 
trim and the enemy in a delightful state of uncertainty. 
To the private soldier, and for that matter to the officers, 
except those in the counsels of those high in command, many 
matters are a puzzle. For instance, during these months of 



Dec. 22, '62. Newbern. 189 

idleness, two brigades came into the department from Vir- 
ginia; important movements seemed to be planned, but what 
they were we never learned. Rumors WTre numerous, but as 
is often the case, they had very little foundation in fact. But 
even rumors served their purpose. They gave us something 
to talk about. Our speculations often ran in curious channels. 
This, however, was better than nothing to talk about. Cer- 
tain it is that had we gone to all, or even one-half, of the places 
suggested by Dame Rumor^ we should have seen service 
enough for half a dozen regiments. 

While a long way from home the Massachusetts soldiers 
in Newbern, so numerous were they, and coming from such 
divergent sections of the Commonwealth, had it been possible 
to meet in a general assembly, could have told something 
about every one of the three hundred and thirty-nine cities 
and towns of the State. While a visit to the different regi- 
ments would not produce the localities whence those visited 
came from, it could and did bring up visions of favorite 
portions of the homeland, hence the many passes issued for 
the boys of this and that organization to go over to see some 
old friend or acquaintance in other regiments. The homes 
of the several companies of the Fifth represented a considerable 
part of Essex, Middlesex and Suffolk Counties with a bit of 
Barnstable; the Third surely accounted for every township 
in Bristol County. If any part of Essex was lacking in the 
Fifth, it was more than supplied by the Eighth; the Seven- 
teenth held more men from Essex, Middlesex and Suffolk; 
the Twenty-third touched Essex, Suffolk, Bristol, Plymouth 
and Norfolk; the Twenty-fourth had members from two 
hundred and nineteen different cities and towns of the State;, 
the Twenty-fifth and the Fifty-first were almost exclusively 
from Worcester County; the Twenty-seventh and the Forty- 
sixth were raised in the four western counties, Franklin, 
Hampshire, Hampden and Berkshire; the Forty-third, Forty- 
fourth and Forty-fifth went from Boston, with some coloring 
from Norfolk and Middlesex. In this way mention has been 
made of every county in the Commonwealth except Nantucket. 



190 Fifth Regiment, M. X. M., Nine Months. 

and Dukes, and they were found in the Twenty-fourth and 
others of the foregoing enumeration. There was no intention 
of thus assembhng the Bay State in miniature, through her 
sons in the Old North State, but it was an interesting coin- 
cidence. 

While these concluding days of 1862 contained the holidays 
known and recognized the Christian world over, and while 
at home younger patriots are hanging their stockings for the 
kind inspection of Santa Claus, the boys in the fields appear 
to make little if any mention of them. Just a single diary of 
the period in question makes entries for the individual, but 
very likely they would apply equally well to others. Thus 
for the 22d (Monday) the writer says: " Fixed up as well as 
we could and received our knapsacks." It will be remembered 
that these were stored when the expedition was prepared for. 
The scribes for other regiments remark on the application of 
court-plaster and mutton-tallow to blistered feet, the exchange 
of socks, the clean shirts and other matters of attire altered, 
washed or changed on account of the ten days of constant 
marching and fighting. The 24th has this characteristic 
entry: " Received a box from mother; everything spoiled 
except some butternuts and cake. Johnny treated all of us 
to a whiskey' punch." We may be sure it was not " Johnny 
Reb " who was thus generous, while the saved contents of 
the box assured at least one soldier an extra morsel for his 
Christmas dinner. Christmas, the day of all Ihe year most 
loved by Christian mankind in general, has only this short 
sentence: '' Went clown town and plaj'ed billiards with John, 
Joe and Oscar." Evidently those boys were not in the least 
sentimental. Sunday, the 26th, brought the regular inspec- 
tion, and as the writer was not feeling well and went to the 
hospital, his remarks cease to be of general interest. 

1863. 

So far as records go, the first day of the New Year was not 
an exciting one in Newbern, and there were few, if any, of the 



Jan. 5-9, '63. Newbern. 191 

conventionalities prevalent nearer home, though every man 
wished his comrades a Happy New Year, and all formed, if 
they did not express, the wish that they might be at home 
for the opening of the next year. The regimental band gave 
the headquarters a serenade in the evening. This 1st day 
of January was also notable as the date on which the freedom 
of all slaves in rebellious territory was proclaimed, in accord- 
ance with the famous war-measure of the preceding September, 
by the President. Some of the colored people knew of their 
good fortune, while others were as ignorant as ever. The 
next three days seem to have been devoted to getting out 
material from the neighboring woods for the flooring of the 
tents. Monday, the 5th, the regiments crossed the river for 
a brigade-drill. Early in this month, the Twenty-seventh 
Massachusetts was united at Washington, and Company A 
of the Fifth, which had been in the latter place since the 
Tarboro expedition, was ordered back to Newbern, arriving 
there on the 8th of the month, thus bringing all of the compa- 
nies together. Our diarist enters for the 8th of January: 
" Signed the pay-roll and expected to be paid, but it was 
deferred till tomorrow." Thursday, the 9th, brought the 
first pay-day the boys had seen and apparently the soldiers 
made, for the most part, excellent use of wdiat they got; the 
pay was to Nov. 1st. Says one, " I received $28; I sent 

S25 home and I paid the dollar I owed him." Another, 

evidently from Ashland, says, " The twenty-eight Ashland 
boys sent $528 home." Need we wonder that the men who 
thus remembered the faraway home won the cause for which 
they fought? In his Crimean Episode, Bayard Taylor said: 

" The bravest are the tenderest, 
The loving are the daring." 

Though so many of the men were thoughtful and provident, 
and it is stated that out of their two months' pay, the men of 
Co. B sent $1600 to their Massachusetts homes, there were 
many who cared only for the passing moment, and wasted 
much of their pay in some form of alcohol, and brought 



192 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

trouble upon themselves thereby. The 10th of January 
marked four months from the time of the companies' repairing 
to the Wenham camp. January 11th has interesting observa- 
tions, on the condition of the colored people, one of whom, 
Pompey Stanlej^, had been a slave of the grandfather of Gov- 
enor Stanley ; his second master was a Taylor, whose daughter 
had given him his liberty and a sum of money besides, this 
some ten years before, a very small oasis on the desert of 
slavery. The other instance was that of an enlisted man 
undertaking to teach a freedman to spell, the latter having 
learned his letters while still a slave. It did not take men 
from the Bay State a great while to enter into the spirit of 
President Lincoln's Proclamation. Monday, Jan. 12th, 
came the burial of Sergt. B. S. Houghton of Co. K, who had 
died on the 9th. There were the muffled drum and the 
reversed arms to the grave, and the quickstep for the return, 
for the march of life is ever onward, and constant mourning 
is hardly possible. 

While infrequent mention is made in these records of the 
name of Colonel Peirson, the 13th of January finds a certain 
private stating that he with others had been reported for 
neglect of duty. The plain truth was he had skipped drill 
that he might read a book he had just borrowed, and the 
Colonel gave the boys a deserved talking to, dismissing them 
without further punishment. Was it strange that the young 
man wrote, " The Colonel is well liked, " or that he then re- 
solved to be more strict with himself? The same daj^ brought 
brigade inspection, with the band in evidence, the same 
serenading the Colonel, later, at his quarters, and in the 
evening the musicians went into the city, accompanied by 
the Colonel, Staff and Captains and played for the edification 
of Colonel H. C. Lee (Acting Brigadier) and General John G. 
Foster. It was on the 17th of January that a philosophical 
correspondent of the home paper wrote thus: " It is the general 
impression that this war is a farce, and that the difficulty will 
never be settled by fighting, should it continue for years." 



Jan. 21, '63. Newbern. 193 

On just what food this scribal Dogberry had recently fed, 
that he should thus cry ^'peccavi" in the face of the enemy, 
there is no way of knowing now, Ijut it is certain that he could 
not have been familiar with Lowell's splendid advice under 
such circumstances, " Be sure you know before you prophesy." 
The Newbern Progress, then printed l)y men from the several 
regiments present, had its representatives from the Fifth, 
among them John R. Nickles, Co. G; Charles H. Gordon, Co. 
H; John H. Potter, and Wm. H. Brazier, Co. B. Tuesday, 
Jan. 20th, there came an echo from the Goldsboro trip, when 
three members of one of the companies, having been court- 
martialed for skulking under fire, were publicly disgraced by 
having their names read at dress-parade, and punishment was 
indicated to the effect that they must stand on barrels a 
certain number of hours in the company street. On the same 
day began the details of men to assist in caring for the blacks 
who were constantly coming into the lines. Privates C. W. 
Hill and Wm. T. Wood of " I " and B. T. Hutchinson (C) 
were directed to report to the Rev. Mr. Means, then the 
superintendent of the freedmen. 

On the 21st, Maj. General Foster with engineers was ob- 
served in front of the camp, and ol)servations were evidently 
being made for some purpose, just what the men could only 
guess. The next day (22nd) work was begun on a series of 
earthworks around the camp, the portion not already protected 
by swamps. At the outset only ten men were detailed from 
each company; later the number was increased, and finally, 
so urgent was the matter, work continued even Sundays. 
One man writes of these works: " The ditch is twenty feet 
wide and the height of the embankment is eighteen feet from 
the bottom of the ditch." Before the works were completed 
two cannon were received to be used in defence, their history 
being of unusual interest. It was understood that they were 
captured from the Union army at Bull Run, and when Burnside 
and his men invaded North Carolina the guns came back to 
their own. Later, having been sent to Washington on the 

13 



194 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 




Jan. 23, '63. Newbern. 195 

Tar, in one of the many assaults on that devoted city, the 
rebels got them again. Once more in the battle of Kinston, 
like shuttles they were cast into Union hands, and now were 
to be turned against the gray. They had been terribly 
misused by the foe, the railroad iron and other disreputable 
missiles employed by them having grooved the guns in a 
manner very far from regular. 

One of the many scribes with whom the Fifth abounded, 
writing of this period, says: " Probably a new detail will be 
made every day, so that doubtless I shall have a chance to 
use the shovel and pick. The Twenty-fifth, encamped next 
to us, is also digging rifle-pits. The troops going on the 
expedition are embarking as rapidly as possible for Beaufort." 
Reference in the foregoing is made to the shifting of the 
Twenty-fourth and otherveteran regiments to South Carolina, 
where, eventually, they were to bear a part in the campaign 
against Fort Wagner. On the 23d, a boy who was not obhged 
to take a hand in fortifying says he volunteered to dig. '' I 
dug there all day, part of the time throwing dirt at each other." 
Was there ever anything more boy-like written than that? 
When did a boy, wherever placed, fail to make a frolic of his 
task if there was the least opportunity? " ' General ' Foster 
and Prince came along towards night and said we had done 
well; a drink of whiskey at noon." The query naturally 
rises as to whether the volunteering had any alcoholic provoca- 
tion. It was in this period that a volunteer moralized on the 
difference between northern and southern soldiers, stating 
that whenever he went outside of the lines and called on some 
of the natives, it was to find only the feminine portion of the 
household at home, the masculine having long before gone 
into the rebel army, and while the Union boys were complain- 
ing if they did not get at least a letter a week, these poor people 
had not heard a word from their dear ones from the very 
beginning. For this condition there were two reasons, either 
one sufficient, viz. : first, the mail facilities were of the poorest 
kind possible, and secondly, neither those at home nor those 



196 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

at the front, in the majority of cases, could read or write a 
word. No wonder that the long interval of separation was 
one continuous blank. It was on this same 23d that a lad 
thought it of sufficient moment to state that in their drill, that 
day, Adjutant Eustis and Surgeon Ingalls drilled in the ranks 
as privates. Doubtless the excellent officers thought it 
desirable to have more exercise than their positions gave them. 

Not even regular guard and fatigue duty, drill and digging 
in the trenches could exhaust all of the energies of these 
Massachusetts boys, so they must needs organize a baseball 
club, a thing they had never done before in the month of 
January, and company rivalry naturally ran high. The nine 
from Company I beat that of Company C to the tune of fifty 
to twenty-nine. It goes without saying that this was in the 
days of old-fashioned ball, when large scores were not unusual, 
and a phenomenally small one by no means argued a superior 
game. During these later days of Januarj^, work continued 
on the fortifications, the same gradually extending around the 
western and northwestern part of the camp, the breastworks 
requiring logs for their facings, and these were furnished by 
the pioneer corps and others from the neighboring woods. 
January 28th the schooner "H. B. Frye" arrived, having on 
board a considerable number of boxes from home, and on the 
next day the grand distribution took place, no less than 304 
boxes and barrels finding lodgment among these soldier boys, 
seventy-five of them going to the Woburn Phalanx alone. 
Writes one of the lucky Woburnites: " Our company has more 
boxes than any other one. There are fifteen or sixteen in this 
tent alone; the sutler and the negro women will have little 
business now, and even the cook-house is not of much account. 
Our tent looks like a small grocery." 

The 30th brought a little variety in that the nearly complet- 
ed intrenchments were used as a part of mimic attack and 
repulse. At battalion drill, the men fired over the ramparts; 
the Twenty-fifth did likewise from their rifle-pits on the left 
of the Fifth. The Twentv-fifth and the Fortv-sixth made a 



Feb. 5, '63. Newbern. 197 

charge, while still another brigade at the extreme left by the 
woods was firing vigorouslj'. The last day of the month 
affords nothing of general importance, but this rhapsody from 
a youth of Company G, standing on the bombproof of Fort 
Totten, makes a good closing: " The numerous encampments, 
the thousands of soldiers, the bright winding of the river in 
the distance, the steeples of Newbern rising out of the trees, 
the band playing in the court below, form an interesting sight." 

February began on Sunday and many of the men went into 
the city to service, some of the pulpits being occupied by army 
chaplains. Writing on the 3d of the month one of the soldiers 
ascribed the excellent health of the regiment to the fact that 
they were living in tents, while other organizations, housed in 
barracks, were suffering from many ailments. Again Colonel 
Peirson comes in for praise because of his election of tents 
rather than barracks for the Fifth. In a letter, written the 
5th, may be read: " Our intrenchments are nearly finished. 
The ditch and embankment are completed and part of the 
embrasures for the guns are cut. I don't know but my 
writing several times about fortifying the place may have 
caused you anxiety for fear the enemy was going to attack us 
here. I think that General Foster is so fortifying the place 
that it will be next to impossible for the rebels to take it, should 
they be driven out of Virginia, or if they should make a raid, 
learning that General Foster had gone on an expedition. I 
don't believe the enemy will dare to make an attack, there 
being more than twenty regiments left here yet. I see by 
the papers that the Democrats are getting troublesome — -the 
traitors; deserting the Government in this emergency! They 
deserve punishment more than half of the rebels, who don't 
know what they are fighting for." 

The funeral of Edwin F. Whitney, Co. H, was held on the 
parade-ground, the 5th of February, he having died of fever 
the 3d inst. The regiment, without arms, formed in a square 
upon the field, with the flag-covered coffin in the center, 



198 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

the Chaplain reading the burial service. It was understood 
that Captain Drew of the company defrayed the expenses of 
returning the body to Massachusetts. 

A young man who visits Fort Totten, named for General 
Joseph G. Totten, Chief of Engineers, and one of the oldest 
officers in the army, gives this description of what he saw: " It 
is a large earthwork, mounting twelve guns, some of them 64 
pounds calibre. It is surrounded by a ditch from twenty to 
thirty feet in width and ten in depth. Besides the large guns, 
it has smaller brass pieces placed in position to rake the ditch. 
It is now garrisoned by two companies of New York artillery 
and two companies of the Eighth Massachusetts." February 
8th was Sunday and a writer offers this concerning services: 

" The Rev. Chaplain A. L.Stone, Forty-fifth Massachusetts, 
preached. The church was plain and small, and crowded to 
its limit with soldiers. There were a few ladies, officers with 
glittering shoulder-straps, colonels, majors, captains, lieu- 
tenants, etc., and ten single stars of a brigadier-general. 
The Forty-fifth with guns and equipments and colors filled 
the aisles. The singing by four soldiers was very good and 
the sermon was about Esau and Jacob." 

It is recorded that on the 13th, members of Company B 
were all presented with caps by the mother of Charles B. 
Hollander, one of the comrades himself. Just what kind of 
cap it was is not stated, whether for night or day use. 
Weather and camp-life are clearly described in the following 
selection from a letter, written in these days : "The weather has 
been very warm lately, about what we have in June at home. 
I drew another blanket the other day, as the nights are quite 
cold, and we may have more of them, the negroes saying that 
the coldest weather comes in March. We do not want for 
company nights, since mice have battalion drill, judging by 
their numbers. Soon after the lights are out, they begin to 
scamper around over our knapsacks and us. Sometimes, 
when almost asleep, a mouse will run over my face, this happen- 



Feb. 15-22, '63. Newbern. 199 

ing quite frequently too. I .suppose you at home would 
think them quite too neighborly for comfort, but we don't 
mind them much. Quite a number of the boj^s are making 
rings, picture cases and even little baskets from the bones 
that come with the fresh beef, some of them being quite pretty. 
I haven't tried my hand at them yet. Judging from what 
some of the — th's men write home, that particular regiment 
has seen more hardship, has done more, and in fact is the lest 
regiment in Newbern. I am glad we don't have so much 
blowing, nor write such soft letters as are published from that 
bod}^ of men. While I suppose there are few, if any, men in 
the Fifth spoihng for a fight, I haven't any fears ao to the men's 
doing their duty." 

Sunday, the 15th, one man says he tried to attend church, 
l:)ut the edifice was so crowded he could not get in. Another 
records that he heard the sermon by the Rev. Dr. Lothrop 
(doubtless the Reverend Samuel K. of Boston). Both men 
later witnessed the dress-parade of the Forty-fifth, Colonel 
Codman commanding; one says: " Very good," the other, 
" I was disappointed; don't think they do as well as the Old 
Fifth." In the evening of the 19th, the band came out and 
furnished music on the parade-grounds for the men to dance 
l)y, agreeable ahke to those who danced and those who only 
looked on. Saturday, the 21st, brought marching orders 
for Company G; the men were to pack immediately to depart 
for Hatteras Inlet. Lively times followed in this part of the 
camp, every man being pleased at the thought of a change. 
The same day, orders were received by Compan}' D to make 
ready to go to Elizabeth City, N.-C. The next day, the 22d, 
in a drizzUng rain, the companies left their camp, the regiment 
being drawn up to receive them and to cheer the departing 
comrades who, accompanied by the band, marched by. 
Leaving Camp Peirson about 9 a.m. the route was through the 
city to the wharves, passing the quarters of Colonel Lee, 
commanding the brigade, Co. G going aboard the propeller 
"North Star" at lOo'clock, which conveyed the company to the 



200 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

gunboat "Lancet," out in the stream. As the men steamed 
away they gave three cheers for Colonel Peirson, Adjutant 
Eustis and the l)and. The gunljoat mounted two 32-pound 
guns. Going down to the mouth of the Neuse, the "Lancet" 
dropped anchor for the night. During the day in Newbern, 
100 guns were fired in honor of Washington's birthday. 

The birthday of the Father of his Country having come on 
Sunday, the following Monday was given to the soldiers as a 
holiday, a day which they could do pretty much as they liked, 
within reasonable bounds. The most noteworthy feature 
of the day, so far as these Massachusetts boys were concerned, 
was a ball given by the Forty-fourth Regiment. It was hon- 
ored by the presence of General Wessells and Colonel H. C.Lee, 
each accompanied by his staff. Those attending claimed 
that the rooms were too crowded for dancing. There were 
no ladies present, though some of the boys dressed up as 
members of the gentler sex, but all pronounced it a grand 
success. The 25th was long memorable in regimental annals 
as the day of the Great Review, when all of the troops at 
Newbern, except those on guard, were assembled on the south 
side of the Trent, and in the proudest manner possible passed 
in review before General Foster, commanding the department. 
The band accompanied the Fifth, though in going through the 
city it played for the brigade. Our regiment was in the 
Second Brigade, First Division, General L N. Palmer in 
command, the parade l)eing the finest display of its kind that 
the men had ever seen, and the most of them thought that 
their Colonel, or " Uncle George," as some affectionately 
referred to him, was proud of his follow^ers. In some way 
the boys acquired the news that their brigade was the best in 
Newbern, and that the Fifth was the second best in the brigade, 
only the Twentj'-fifth, a three years' regiment, excelling it. 

Company G was left on the "Lancet," at anchor in the mouth 
of the Neuse, late in the night of the 22d-23d. On the latter 
day the vessel proceeded on its way to Hatteras Bar, reaching 
that sandy waste at 10.30 a.m., landing by means of an old 



Feb. 24, '63. Newbern. 201 

wreck, and made their way to certain ruined barracks near 
Fort Clarke, and tried to make themselves as comfortable as 
the circumstances would permit. The next day, 24th, a 
squad of nineteen men, under command of Sergt. Hastings, 
started off on a march of sixteen or eighteen miles to Hatteras 
Light, where they were to remain as guardians. Their 
quarters, all under cover, were thought to be very fine indeed. 
The same day that Co. G started for Hatteras, Company D 
of Charlestown took ship for Elizabeth City, quite an import- 
ant place for North CaroHna, located at the head of Pasquot- 
ank Bay, near the mouth of the stream that flows out of the 
Great Dismal Swamp. This company also was to remain 
away from the regiment until the start for home. The special 
orders thus detailing these companies are numbered seventy- 
four and seventy-five. That regarding Company G is in 
effect as stated, with the additional fact that ten days' rations 
were to be taken, and that all camp equipage, save tents, was 
to be carried also. The same wording was used for Company 
D, except that only three clays' rations were to be taken, and 
the company went as an escort for General I. N. Palmer. 
The statement, moreover, is made that the company will 
probably remain at Elizal^eth. 

Variety is not one of the strong points in garrison life, even 
though the enemy may be near the picket line, an enemy, 
however, that is quite well satisfied if he manages to keep the 
men on duty wakeful and vigilant. Naturally regimental 
discipline and style, so to speak, increase with the absence of 
active campaigning, all officers seeming to think that drill and 
polishing of brasses the chief end of a soldier's life. Men 
employed in a clerical capacity at headquarters were excused 
from the regular duties of camp life, hence, needing exercise, 
supplied themselves with Indian clubs for use in creating an 
appetite and in keeping up their physique. Colonel Peirson, 
happening along one day, and finding them swinging the clubs 
vigorously, suggested that if it was exercise they were needing, 
perhaps they had better take in brigade drill. He retired. 



202 Fifth Regiment, M. \'. M., Nine Months. 

laughing, on being told that such a course would result in as 
much work for him as for the men themselves. On the 6th, 
the regiment gets a notion of activity in the reception of orders 
to prepare three days' cooked rations at once, usually a pre- 
monition of something doing. Orders had already been re- 
ceived to be prepared to march at an hour's notice. On the 
5th and 6th, troops were leaving along the Neuse road, among 
them the brigade of General Spinola, indeed a period of 
action seemed impending. 

Short trips into neighboring counties were made by some 
of the regiments. On the 7th some of the troops returned, 
and at 9 o'clock in the evening, orders were received to be 
read}^ to march before morning. On the 8th one man said 
he could not attend church on account of the imminence of 
danger, while another records that he did attend, and makes 
out quite a story of how affairs were managed in a colored 
organization. " On our way back, we went into a colored 
church, where the people were exhorted to come up and 
become members of the church, there to tell how they had 
come out of darkness into light, or in other words, to relate 
their experience. When the man was before the audience, 
the minister would ask if any one knew his history and could 
testify as to the individual's character, and if all were willing 
to accept him as a brother; if so he was taken by the hand and 
thus was made a member." Possibly some of the activity among 
the men was incident to the advancing season, since peach 
trees are in bloom and dandelions have been picked. 

March 10th, Spinola's troops returned and some patriotic 
men in the regiment had prepared in the neighboring forest 
a new flag-staff, which was drawn into the camp preparatory 
to a raising on the coming 14th, the anniversary of the capture 
of Newbern the year before. The next day matters had 
quieted down so much that orders were read at dress-parade 
stating that the necessity of keeping three days' cooked rations 
on hand no longer existed, and companies could act accord- 
ingly. That the new flag-staff might be in place for the 



March 14, '63. Newbern. 203 

celebration on the 14th, the raising was attempted on the 13th, 
and progressed all right until, by the unlucky breaking of a 
rope, the timber came crashing to the earth, nearly braining 
a man of Company H, who saw his danger, but was too badly 
scared to move. However, the miss that is said to be as 
good as a mile saved him. At 5 p.m. orders came to the 
regiment to be ready to march within an hour: 

At 6 we were on the way, taking the road by Fort 
Totten, and advancing rapidly till 9 o'clock, when we halted 
just inside the picket station. Men on guard walked their 
beats rapidly without overcoats just to keep warm, so cold 
was the night. We could see the gleam of the enemy's camp- 
fires, but we were not allowed to build any, lest we should 
reveal our presence and so invoke the fire of the rebels. Early 
next morning (14th) we advanced to feel the rebel position 
and to find, if possible, his number and position. Skirmishers 
were already deployed, and the significant crack, crack, 
crack of their rifles could be heard as the Fifth advanced to 
form in line of battle behind them. At this instant the morn- 
ing gun at Fort Totten was heard, and to our surprise, this 
was followed by a brisk cannonade. At first it was thought 
that the men in camp had begun their celebration of Newbern 
Day early, but the irregular continuance soon drove out that 
notion. While we were puzzling ourselves over the matter, 
an orderly rode up on foaming steed with orders for us to 
return to Newbern without delay. We countermarched at 
once, and made for the city. Colonel Peirson was not one to 
indicate his feelings by the expression of his face, but it was 
noticed, as he rode by at the head of the regiment, that he 
carried a more solemn look than usual. With the orderly 
had come the rumor that we might have to cut our way 
through a large body of rebels in order to reach Newbern. 
However, there was no molestation, and the regiment was 
back in camp before 10 a.m. Some of the men took their 
time after reaching the shelter of the guns and came in later. 

The following graphic account of this episode of garrison 
life is from the pen and recollections of Acting Lieut. E. F. 
Wyer of Company E: 



204 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

After dress-parade, while some were eating supper, we 
were surprised by the drums beating to the colors on the 
parade-ground, and the order " fall in " given by the officers. 
The enemy in force, with artillery and infantry, said to be a 
part of the corps of D. H. Hill, had come to retake Newbern, 
just one year from the date of its capture by the Federals. 
Two companies of the Twenty-fifth Massachusetts were on 
picket at Deep Gully, six miles out, and, being unable to 
check the advance of the Confederates, had sent a hurried 
order for support. The Fifth, in extra light marching order, 
without stopping to take overcoats, blankets or haversacks, 
with only muskets and ammunition, made record time, cover- 
ing the most of the distance at double-quick. Forming line 
in rear of the pickets, we were ordered to make no noise or 
light any fires, but to keep awake and alert for the attack of 
the enemy, which might come at any moment. Thus we 
stood, each man b}' himself, or huddled in groups of a dozen 
or more, for the warmth of each other's bodies, waiting for 
the onslaught or the coming of the day. How we longed for 
the overcoats and blankets which we had left in the camp! 
About 4 o'clock, just in the gray of early dawn, we heard a 
furious cannonading in our rear. Some said, " Oh! They are 
firing a salute in honor of the capture of Newbern, just a year 
ago today." I was skeptical about its being a salute, having 
noticed that the discharges were irregular, that they appeared 
to come from guns of different calibre, the reports indicating 
that they were from 6, 12, 24, and 100-pound pieces, not a cus- 
tomary procedure when firing national salutes. Just at this 
time. Colonel Peirson passed along, in rear of the line, and one 
of Company E men asked him if it was not a strange kind of 
a salute they were firing. " I should think it was. It's my 
opinion that we are attacked there." Colonel Peirson was 
instinctively and intuitively a soldier of rare good judgment 
and keen perception. It was not long before his opinion as 
to the condition of affairs at Newbern was confirmed by the 
arrival of one of General Foster's aides, he having ridden 
furiously out with orders for the Fifth to return with all 
possible speed, as the enemy had attacked the city. Fort 
Peirson was without a garrison and its guns without men to 
work them. Then followed another race to get back behind 
the breastworks of the fort, which was an earthwork of our 
own building, under the direction of General Foster, situated 
midwav between Forts Rowan and Totten. It mounted four 



March 14, '63. Newbern. 205 

12-pound and two 24-pound brass smooth-bore cannon, a 
battery of English guns which the sons of North CaroUna, resi- 
dent abroad, had purchased and presented to the State, having 
been first used and captured by our forces at the taking of 
Newbern. We got back to camp about 10 o'clock, where 
very stringent orders were received from General Foster 
forbidding any officer or enlisted man to go outside the camp 
for any reason whatever, or to permit any one to enter, also 
to hold the fort at all hazards; should the fire of the enemy 
ignite any building or tent, to let the same burn, and in no 
case, for any reason, allow a man away from the works. 
Things looked pretty serious to these boys as they came from 
their all night's tour of duty without food, drink or sleep. 

There must have been some reason for all of the hurly-burly, 
and the explanation is that, apparently, the enemy thought 
he would take a hand in observing the anniversary of New- 
bern's capture, and would forestall the exercises that some of 
the regiments had prepared so carefully. Across the Neuse, 
possibly half a mile above the city, some two months before, 
at the reciuest of General Wessells, a small earthwork had been 
thrown up, and here the Ninety-second New York, under the 
command of Lieut. -colonel Anderson, was stationed as a 
garrison. The regiment had no artillery, but its place was 
supposedly made good by the near presence of a gunboat. 
At this particular time, the ' ' Hunchback, ' ' a double-ender ferry- 
boat, mounting a cannon (100 pounds) at either end, was pres- 
ent. Early in the morning, when the firing after Totten's signal 
had begun, the Confederates, under General Pettigrew, 
appeared before the fort of the Ninety-second and demanded 
its surrender. Commander Anderson declared that, unless 
ordered to do so, he would do nothing of the sort, meanwhile 
sending back to General Foster for directions. It is said that 
his reply to the Confederate was, '' I'll surrender when you 
take me, and not before." It has ever been a matter of 
discussion and wonder as to why the enemy did not advance 
to the assault at once, their numbers being far in excess of 
those of the Federals. 



206 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

The rebels finally opened on the fort wdth grape, and upon 
the gunboat with shell and solid shot. The Union soldiers 
behind their earthworks awaited the assault, which they 
supposed would surely come. Little damage was done except 
to tear into shreds the tents of the soldiers. After awhile 
the gunboats got ready to bear a part in the melee, and then 
affairs grew livelier still. The withdrawal of the Confederates 
speedily followed. The foe had brought some big guns with 
them, with the evident intention of bombarding the city from 
the north side of the Neuse. One of their large guns had 
been dismounted and burst by, it was said, the explosion of 
a 100-pound Parrott shell from the "Hunchback." In several 
places about the field excavations might be seen large enough 
to hold an ox-cart, made by the explosion of these great 
missiles. It was not strange that the rebels suddenly thought 
of some former engagements and decamped. 

The principal local effect of the attack and repulse was the 
enforced deferring of the celebration, so long expected and 
prepared for. Aside from the night's outing the Fifth's 
participation in the fray was one of listening principally. On 
the 16th, the Forty-fourth Massachusetts took transport 
(Escort) for Washington, N. C, and rumors are abroad 
that the Fifth will go to Plymouth. With the 17th came the 
deferred games of the Twenty-fifth Regiment, invitations 
having been extended to all other bodies in Newbern, especially 
those from Massachusetts. There was a large delegation of 
onlookers, while the contestants themselves tried to climb a 
greased pole, to catch a greased pig, to race in sacks, and to 
perform the many other stunts that from time immemorial 
have been sources of diversion on the 4th of July and other 
" days we celebrate." It was well for the Twenty-fifth that 
the men laughed when they did, for the very next day they 
were ordered away to Plymouth. It would seem that the 
advance of spring was stirring up both sides in this war 
between brothers. Historian D. Waldo Denny of the 



March 24, '63. Newbern. 207 

Twenty-fifth wrote most glowingly of the kindness of the 
band of the Fifth, which escorted the departing men to the 
wharf. 

The departure of the Forty-fourth Regiment to Washington, 
and that of the Twenty-fifth and Forty-sixth to Plymouth, 
left the Fifth as the sole representative of the brigade in 
Newbern. If possible, matters were more quiet than ever, 
only the regular rounds of police duty and drill to keep up an 
appetite. During these days, however, efforts were put 
forth on the part of Northern people, supplemented by the 
army, to educate the negro, or rather to break the shell of 
ignorance in which for generations he had been encased. One 
of the boys wrote this on the 24th: " Went into an old church, 
now used for a schoolhouse, and found about one hundred 
and twenty-five negroes, old and young, learning to read. 
Chaplain Stone, Forty-fifth Massachusetts, and wife are 
the chief teachers, and they have others to assist them. I 
stayed about half an hour and was very much pleased. It 
was a rare sight to see men from thirty-five to forty years old 
in the same class with children of six or eight years, the latter 
rarely having a whole suit of clothes." This was the begin- 
ning of the efforts to redeem the enslaved population intellect- 
ually, and the same work is still in progress, after almost fifty 
years, and there is so much to be done. While affairs are so 
quiet in Newbern, quite the contrary was the situation in 
Washington on the Tar, whither the Forty-fourth had gone 
on the 16th. In the vicinity of the latter place, the Confed- 
erates, under General D. H. Hill,* had assembled to the num- 
ber of about 14,000 men. Very likely some of them were the 
very ones who woke up the troops at Newbern on the 13th 
and 14th. Luckily General Foster was present with his 1200 



*Likemany other distinguished Confederates, Lieut.-general Daniel Harvey 
Hill was of Pennsylvania antecedents, though he was born in South Carolina, 
1821, and w\as graduated from West Point, 1842, No. 28 in a class of fifty-six 
members, in which there were future IJnion officers : Rosecrans, Sykes, 
Doubleday, Pope and Newton, while Confederates appeared in Gus. V. 
Smith, Van Dorn, McLaws and Longstreet. Though conspicuous in the 



208 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

men in the beleaguered city, and when the trouble began on the 
30th, continuing till the 18th of April, he was able to so dispose 
his forces as to render the attacks of the enemy unsuccessful, 
and to necessitate the withdrawal of the latter. 



HATTER AS. 

Company G, during the month of March, continued its 
somewhat monotonous tour of duty on Hatteras. Whatever 
excitement came to the men there was from the ocean, to the 
eastward, rather than from any proximity of the rebels. The 
expedition of General Butler late in 1861, followed by that of 
Burnside in '62, had pretty effectually ended the hostile 
appearance along this peculiar part, not of terra firma, but 
of shifting sands thrown up by the sea. Forts Clarke and 
Hatteras are garrisoned l)y the company, and detachments 
are disposed in varj^ing numbers at other points, including 
the Light, several miles to the northward. On the 2d day of 
March, Champney of " G " makes the following interesting 
entry concerning the Light and its surroundings: 

This afternoon I walked out to the extreme point of Cape 
Hatteras, where the breakers roll and toss in wild turmoil and 
confusion. Just before sunset, I went up into the lighthouse 
with the two keepers to see the lamp lit. It is quite fatiguing 
to ascend the steps to the lantern, from which there is a fine 
view. To the southwest we could look away down to Hatte- 
ras Inlet. The island is spread out like a map before us, with 
all its flat, swampy surface. At this point it seems wide and 
woody. To the north, the narrow strip of sand reaches as far 
as the vision extends, with calm waters of the Sound on one 



Mexican War, coming home a Brevet Majoi, he was for the most part a 
teacher until the war began, the same finding him superintendent of a 
mihtary school in Charlotte, X C, though he had been six years in ^^'ashing- 
ton College, \'a., at whose head Lee died after the strife. He was the 
original Colonel of the First North Carolina Infantry, and ranked as one of 
the first of the rebel leaders. After the struggle was over, he returned to 
teaching in Arkansas and Georgia. 



April 1, '63. Washington. 209 

side and those of the swelHng ocean on the other. The sunset 
was splendid: gorgeous crimson and golden clouds! The 
lantern is an elaborate and expensive piece of workmanship. 
It is a revolving light with a copper-silver-plate reflector. The 
glass is very thick and of the finest quality. The revolving 
cylinder is moved by clockwork. The light itself is a triple 
Argand burner. As the sun was setting, the refraction of its 
rays in the glass was beautiful. 

On the 5th these isolated men were favored with a visit 
from Major Worcester and Act. First Lieut. Wyer, who had 
come down from Newbern on a visit. They remained with 
the detachment to chnner. Much to the disappointment of 
the men, so comfortably placed at the Light, all save a cor- 
poral and three privates had to go down to Fort Clarke on 
the 28th, where they became a part of the routine at that 
point. Capt. Jas. E. Ashcroft, Company C, Third New York 
Cavalry, commands the post. 



WASHINGTON. 

April 1st brought the usual amount of All Fools' pranks, 
even though the sound of cannonading towards the north 
indicated the siege in progress at Washington, and there were 
standing orders to be ready to " fall in " at the utmost speed 
on the beating of the '' long roll." The second day, Thursday, 
" Fast Day at home," as many a boy remarked to his fellow, 
had a short drill in the morning and the remainder of the time 
was given as a hohday, a recognition of Massachusetts that 
all appreciated. The evening of the 3d brought orders to be 
ready to start in light marching order at 6 o'clock the 
next morning. Reveille sounded at 4.30 on the 4th, and 
at 6 o'clock, according to orders, the Fifth was on its way 
through the city and across the Trent to embark 
on the steam transport " Northerner." This was an 
old lake steamer that had seen its best days. The 
14 



210 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

Hundred and First Pennsylvania also was borne on this not 
over-large vessel, so that room was at a premium from the 
very start. There was a large quantity of fixed shell on board, 
and there were from twelve to fifteen hundred men carried, 
so that close quarters were in constant evidence. The boys 
remarked that boxes of shells did not make exactly soft 
couches, and so like sardines were the men packed, if one 
wished to turn over he had to get up and turn around to 
effect his purpose. Not only were the decks thus thronged, 
but the same rule prevailed through the entire ])oat. State- 
rooms were opened to the men, but what must have been the 
state in rooms where three men were in each berth and three 
more were on the floor? Leaving Newbern about noon, the 
" Northerner " steamed down the Neuse and into Pamlico 
Sound, anchoring at 9 o'clock in the evening. 

Getting under way at G a.m. of Sunday, the 5th, the steamer 
proceeded up the Sound and river towards Washington, stop- 
ping at noon or before, where fourteen other gunboats and 
transports were lying. Shells were thrown at intervals into 
the enemy's works on the shore, Imt to no great apparent 
purpose, until later in the day the gunboat " Hunchback " 
came along from Newbern and threw some 100-pound shells into 
the camps of the enemy, resulting in a three hours' bombard- 
ment by the latter's artillery. During the afternoon a flag of 
truce appeared on the east shore of the river and a boat was 
directed thither, and returning, brought back two men who 
wished to be taken off, claiming to he Union men. These 
men stated that there was a large force of the enemy, some 
3000 men with three batteries, on the right bank of the river, 
three miles above where we were lying. As there was some 
firing in the evening, the sight of flaming shells was one to be 
remembered. Evidently the purpose of landing for reinforc- 
ing or assault was abandoned, since, at 11 o'clock in the fore- 
noon of the 6th, the prow of the '* Northerner " was turned 
down the stream, and with a schooner in tow the city of New- 
bern was sought again. Being a slow steamer, the vessel 



April 7, '63. Washington. 211 

anchored late in the evening some miles short of her destina- 
tion, and not till 9 a.m. of the 7th was the old camp at Fort 
Peirson reached. 

To the men cooped up within the narrow quarters of the 
steamer the excursion from Newbern and return was quite 
unintelligible, but when the whole story was told later, reasons 
appeared. It will be remembered that, after the menacing 
of Newbern on the 14th of March, General D. H. Hill moved 
his forces to the northward and laid siege to Washington, the 
place whence the Tarboro trip started. The Union force 
there was small, consisting principally of eight companies 
each of the Twenty-seventh and Forty-fourth Massachusetts 
regiments, with certain North Carolina Union troops with 
two batteries of artillery. The aggregate strength on the 
morning of March 30th was 1139 men present for duty. To 
help out this small force in manning the extended fortifica- 
tions every able-bodied negro was ordered into the works. Of 
the Confederates, there were seventeen regiments of infantry, 
three of cavalry and forty pieces of artillery. By their good 
fortune they had been able to con.struct fortifications around 
and opposite the city, and their men were so disposed as to 
threaten the city from the north as well. On the 31st the 
surrender of the place was demanded, to which the reply was, 
" If you want Washington, come and take it." The rebels 
were greatly surprised at finding that General Foster was 
present in person, they supposing him to be in Newbern. 
Notwithstanding the complete investment, as the enemy 
considered it, the blockade was run on that very day under 
a very heavy fire to the fleet below. 

April 1st the cannonading against the city was terrific. 
Without detailing the events of the siege it may be stated 
that it was a case of give and take, to the complete satisfac- 
tion of both sides, i: e., equal bravery was displayed and equal 
advantage was taken of every opportunity presented by the 
adversaries. ' To throw reinforcements into the beleaguered 
ci'ty'or to effect the raising of the siege in some manner was 



212 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

the reason for the sending of the regiments from Newbern. 
General Henry Prince,to whom had been assigned the command 
of operations in raivsing the blockade, and so relieving Wash- 
ington, in his report, dated April 13th, giving a general state- 
ment of the situation, has this to state pertinent to our regiment : 

The " Northerner " arrived with the following troops on 
board: the One Hundred First Pennsylvania, Colonel Morris, 
350 strong; the Fifth Massachusetts, Colonel Peirson, 500 
strong; making the whole number here — 2500 men. In 
the afternoon the " Hunchback," Captain McCann, arrived, 
having been detained by boisterous weather. The "Hunch- 
back," '' Southfield." and "Whitehead" made a combined 
attack on the battery at 6 p.m. The battery replied with but 
three shots, which passed near the '' Hunchback." 

Later, the General states, he began to prepare the steamer 
" Emilie" by way of interposing bales and boxes of clothing 
to protect the boiler as she attempted to run up to the city. 
In the morning of the 5th, he received dispatches from Gen- 
eral Foster directing him, "if he found it too risky to land and 
take the batteries," to content himself with sending through 
two regiments with a plentiful supply of ammunition, then 
leaving the gunboats to take care of the Confederates' bat" 
teries, " to return at once to Newbern and, taking every man 
that can possibly be spared (five regiments are enough for the 
safety of Newbern), march across the country from Fort 
Anderson to Washington. I am quite certain that you will 
meet only ten regiments on the way, and them you can over- 
come. The road from Fort Anderson to Swift's Creek is bad, 
but the rest is good." At 10 o'clock in the evening comes 
another order from General Foster, thus: " If you cannot 
send the two regiments through without delaying the main 
demonstration and attack from Newbern, send only one, or 
leave it to be sent, and push the other matter. It is my belief 
that the battery on Hill's Point will be abandoned on the 
approach of our forces at the cross-roads, three and a half 
miles from here on the road to Newbern." 



April 7, '63. Spinola's Trip. 213 

After consultation with his. officers, General Prince decided 
that it was " too risky " to send the " Emihe " through, and 
ordered the One Hundred Fifty-eighth Pennsylvania, Lieut.- 
col. Troxel, to embark on schooners to be towed up to the 
city by steamers. So far as the report of General Prince is 
concerned, we are at liberty to suppose that this plan was 
carried out, but reference to the story of "Pemisylvania in the 
War " reveals the interesting fact that Captain McCann also 
thought it " too risky " to send the vessels forward to what 
he denominated " inevitable destruction," so the One Hun- 
dred Fifty-eighth went back to Newbern, to participate in 
the overland venture of the subsequent days. The General 
states that he sent through in an open boat all the six-pounder 
and three-inch guns' ammunition which arrived in the "North- 
erner." With the foregoing explanation the narrative begins 
again at Newbern. 



SPINOLA'S TRIP. 

Though regular camp-duties had begun on the return, they 
were not to continue long, since in the evening of the 7th came 
orders to prepare four daj's' rations and to be ready to march 
in the morning. That morning (the 8th) began at 1.30, when 
the long roll was beat and the men fell into line. The start, 
however, was not immediate, for coffee was served and an 
early breakfast followed, after which, still very early, the 
regiment proceeded to the wharves, whence going aboard 
flatboats, they were towed across the Neuse to Fort Anderson, 
where, in the middle of March, the rebels had undertaken to 
capture the Ninety-second New York and bombard Newbern. 
Here ensued a long wait while the other regiments were cross- 
ing, in which time the boys had a chance to inspect the scene 
of attack and successful resistance. It was afternoon by the 
time the line of march was taken for Washington. According 
to the report of General I. N. Palmer, then in command at 



214 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

Newbern, the troops in the expedition comprised the Fifth, 
Seventeenth and Forty-third Massachusetts, together with 
certain other regiments of the Eighteenth Corps (the regi- 
ments are not named) with a considerable numl^er of batteries. 
The expedition was under the command of General F. B. 
Spinola, a New York politician and political soldier, commonly 
known by the men as General " By Jesus " and General 
" Dickey," the latter name referring to his enormously tall 
collars, the former to his favorite swear words. His pecu- 
liarities of dress and language followed him through life, 
which he departed, not so very many 3-ears ago, having been 
for several years a conspicuous figure in Congress. After the 
failure of this rehef trip, the men, by transposing the first 
letter of his name to another place in the first syllable, were 
able to give him a still more significant nick-name. Though 
General Palmer's very inadequate report does not mention 
them, it should be stated that the troops on the march also 
included the Third and Eighth Massachusetts and the Fifth 
Rhode Island. 

General Spinola summarizes the expedition, led by himself, 
to the effect that he started at 3 p.m. of the 8th and arrived 
at "Little Swift Creek" at 8 o'clock in the evening, hisadvance 
guards meeting the enemy's pickets about seven miles from 
Fort Anderson. The pickets retreated without returning 
fire, and a half hour later, their alarm guns were heard. He 
learns that the enemy's force consists in 5000 infantry and 
1000 cavalry, strongly placed at Walter RufT's farm, on the 
road leading to Blount's Creek. He also hears that the enemy 
is strongly placed near Swift Creek Bridge, that there are 
other forces on the road leading to Kinston, and he presumes 
that the rebels are in force at the cross-roads near Washing- 
ton. If he proceeds he is afraid that he will be attacked in the 
rear by the rebels at Ruff's farm, that he may be harassed 
by the Confederates on the Kinston road and if, failing to 
drive the enemy from the cross-roads near Washington, he 
should be compelled to retreat, he could do so only at great 



April 9, '63. Spinola's Trip. 215 

sacrifice, if at all. He learns that the Confederates about 
Washington number 22,000, and he believes the only way to 
relieve the besieged is by way of Hill's Point, whence our 
regiment had just returned. He further adds that his men 
are building a bridge across the creek. Writing again the 
next night at 11.30 o'clock, he describes the trip of fifteen 
miles to the head of Blount's Creek. He had intended cross- 
ing the creek, but he found the situation too difficult for him 
and the forces with him. He enumerates the strength of the 
enemy, the character of the defenses — in a word, he thinks 
the works ''impregnable." The attack by the Seventeenth 
and the Forty-third Massachusetts with Belger's Battery is 
flatteringly mentioned, but evidently thinking the venture 
quite " too risky," he announces his intention of returning 
to Newborn on the following day, — another case of marching 
up the hill and then marching down again. How the trip 
seemed to the men and boys of the Fifth appears from their 
letters and notes. 

One veracious chronicler says there are fourteen regiments 
of infantry and some cavalry, besides sixteen pieces of artillery, 
but all of the regiments are very far from being full, an aggre- 
gate of men possibly from six to seven thousand. The roads 
are at times sandy, occasionally wet and muddy, but much 
better than those encountered on the Goldsboro trip. The 
Fifth was near the middle of the column and the day was very 
warm. After a march of perhaps ten miles, camp is pitched 
at about 9 o'clock in the evening. The 9th saw the line under 
way at an early hour, much of the route lying through a 
cypress swamp, made passable by means of cypress corduroy 
roads, the swamps having, now and then, island clearings 
with the shanty homes of " poor whites." The afternoon was 
well advanced when, after fifteen miles' marching without 
food and few halts, Blount's Creek was reached. It was here 
that ensued the sharp engagement wherein, on our side, the 
Seventeenth and Forty-third Massachusetts and Belger's 
Battery had a part. The trouble had begun with an attack 



216 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

by a mountain howitzer in the hands of a detachment from 
the Third New York Cavalry, commanded by Lieut. Burke. 
The cavalrj^ was a part of Colonel Amory's Brigade. Owing 
to the position of the ground it was impossible to develop a 
large force against the enemy, hence only the above two regi- 
ments were engaged. 

Though we succeeded in silencing the enemy's battery, 
j-et we Avere unable to drive them from their position, as our 
infantry and artillery fire was without effect upon them, owing 
to the nature of their earthwork and the position of our guns. 
It was equally impossible to enfilade their works or to cross 
or ford the creek at any other point and, as stated before, the 
bridge being destroyed, we were unable to charge the enemy 
or to build the bridge under their heavy musketr}^ fire. Seeing 
that it was impossible to cross the creek, I was obliged to 
return, and did so at 5 o'clock this afternoon, without being 
molested in any way by the enemy. (From Spinola's letter 
of the 9th, written " near New Hope School House.") 

In justice to General Spinola, it should be stated that he 
was leading the expedition, not at his own behest, but under 
orders from General Palmer. We have seen that General 
Prince came back from Washington, directed to lead a party 
overland to the relief of the invested city. The General, on 
arrival, was attacked with something similar to later " nervous 
prostration," and declared himself unwilling and unable to 
lead. All this appears in Spinola's letter to General Palmer, 
found in " The Records of the Rebellion," Series I, Vol. 
XVIII, pp. 247-252. Though Prince was a graduate of the 
Militarj^ Academy, his long service in the pay division 
seems to have unfitted him for fighting. Whatever his lack of 
success, Spinola at least was willing to make a trial. In his 
enumeration of troops he names a large number of regiments 
from New York and Pennsylvania, with artillery, reaching 
an aggregate of 6465 men. 

One of the observers describes the attack as made by Bel- 
ger's Battery: " Very soon the boom of heavy guns told us 



April U, '63. Newbern. 217 

we were in for it again. Belger had opened with his cannon, 
and the rebel battery was replying, throwing big shells almost 
down to our position. We could hear them as they crashed 
through the trees. Belger's horse was killed and himself 
wounded by the fragment of a shell. As he was carried through 
our lines he recognized one of the men of the Fifth, saying to 
him in passing, 'Cholera medicine won't help this.' " It was 
a great surprise to the rank and file when the command 
" About-face " was heard, and they began to retrace their 
steps, at the worst thinking it only a movement for change 
of place, with the attack deferred to the next day. At this 
late day, it is impossible to repress a word as to what any one 
of a dozen officers of note would have done under similar 
circumstances. What would have been the course of Foster 
himself had he been with the column instead of being hemmed 
in at Washington? However, the retrograde pace was a swift 
one, double-quick some of the way. So hard was the retreat, 
notwithstanding the supposed dangers of straggling, many 
fell out and took their chances of catching up. Through the 
dust of the roads in places, and the smoke of burning trees, 
the rapid pace of the column brought it back to its starting 
place of the morning in four hours, and after crossing the 
creek the tired soldiers encamped. It was somewhat late in 
the morning of the 10th that the movement camp ward was 
re-begun, Lee's brigade in the rear reaching the banks of the 
Neuse in the afternoon, and was expecting to pass the night 
on the north side, but soon after dark there came orders for 
it to return to Fort Peirson, which it was able to do at about 
11 o'clock at night. 

NEWBERN. 

Evidently the return has not been to a place of continued 
ease 'and rest, since the 11th of April brings orders to prepare 
three days' rations again^ and another march looms up before 



218 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 




April 16, '63. Newbern. 219 

the weary men, whose flesh and bones are still aching from 
the last. How badly used up some of the men are, appears 
in the fact that thirty, or fully one-half of one company, 
responded to the surgeon's call. Though the Chaplain 
preached, he was not awed by the number of his listeners, so 
many of the boys thinking more of preparing for inspection, 
as sure on Sundays as are death and taxes in civil life, and in 
trying to gain some recuperation from recent exactions. 
Happily the rest period was permitted to continue for a brief 
time, the most noteworthy event of these days being the 
unfurhng of the flag in the afternoon of the 16th. The 
regiment occupied three sides of a square, inclosing the staff, 
with visitors, band and singers filling the fourth side. Prayer 
was offered by the Chaplain, a hymn was sung by the choir, 
the Chaplain gave a short address and then Colonel Peirson 
stepped forward and pulled the rope that released the flag, 
which found just wind enough to float it gently, while the 
choir sang '' The Star Spangled Banner " and the band 
accompanied. The Adjutant proposed three cheers for the 
flag, and after more music by the band and choir, the regi- 
ment was dismissed. A poem written by Private H. S. Everett 
of Company H was read by Lieutenant Everett of the same 
company. Colonel Lee, commanding the brigade, was present 
with his staff. 

Private Everett's Poem. 

Fling to the breeze that brave old Flag, 

Long has it prostrate lain; 
Against rebellion's vain contempt, 

We will its cause maintain. 

No star erased, no stripe obscured, 

Complete in every part; 
Today we raise that banner fair, 

So dear to every heart. 

"And we, the sons of sires that fought 

For this same flag of yore. 
Shall we prove recreant to their trust, 

Their sacrifice ignore? 



220 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

No! rathei' let us emulate 

Their virtues and their fame; 

Prefer to die, than purchase life 
Without eternal shame. 

Triumphant let this banner float. 
To cheer our drooping hearts, 

Till glorious Union binds in one, 
Our Country's severed parts. 



During these daj's the siege of Washington continues, but 
the end is approaching. The Fifth Rhode Island, and the 
story should be told to its everlasting credit, chagrined at the 
disastrous ending of the two efforts to relieve the defenders 
of that city, had volunteered to risk the passage of the enemy's 
batteries. The regiment had just returned wdth the others 
from the march to Blount's Creek, but the men had voted 
a willingness to undertake the trip by water. The " Escort " 
was at the wharf, so, muddy as they were, they went on board 
the steamer, and throwing themselves down upon the decks, 
entered on one of the pluckiest incidents of the entire war.* 
Seventeen hours brought them to the fleet of gunboats, five 
miles below the battery at Hill's Point, where there was a 
delay to make ready for running the blockade. The Rhode 
Islanders were anxious to go ahead at once, but experience 
had taught the officers of the boat the advantage of prepara- 
tion. With the engine and boiler protected by bales of all 
sorts, under the protection of the fire from the gunboats, at 
10 o'clock in the evening of the 13th, Monday, the " Escort " 
steamed forward and through a storm of fiery missiles reached 
the landing in Washington at a little before midnight. With 
the steamer at the wharf, the chance to reach Newbern was 
embraced by General Foster, and at 5.30 in the morning of 



*It is said that when the proposition to attempt the relief of Washing- 
ton was made to the regiment, only one man opposed it, yet when the boat 
was reached this man was the first aboartl. The Colonel ordered him off, 
saying that he would have no one along who had not volunteered. "It's all 
right. Colonel," replied the man, "I meant to go all the time, but I didn't 
want the vote to be too damned unanimous." 



April 15, '63. Newbern. 221 

the 15th the vessel again ran the fierce gauntlet of the rebel 
batteries, looking like a veritable sieve when she finally left 
the Confederates behind her, having been hit by eighteen 
shot and shell, and her upper decks were fairly riddled by 
bullets. Her faithful pilot, Mr. Padrick,* lost his life near 
Rodman's Point. Given the usual running time, the " Escort" 
must have reached Newbern on the 16th, and sounds of prep- 
aration for another overland expedition were heard at once. 
From General Foster's diary of the siege as given in his report, 
'' Record of the Rebellion," Series I, Vol. XVIII, p. 215, the 
following is taken : 

April 15th, at daylight, the " Escort " started and ran 
the batteries She was fired at 100 times by the Rodman and 
Hill's Point batteries and struck forty times, but with no 
material injury. The pilot, Padrick, a brave and skillful man, 
was killed by a rifle shot. At 6 a.m. all the batteries opened 
and continued a heavy firing for an hour. 

Acting Lieut. E. F. Wyer, Company E, writes of that 
passage of the batteries: " The pilot-house was the target for 
the Confederates' fire, since if they could kill the pilot, which 
they did, the boat would be grounded and in their hands. 
But there was a colored man in the crew who, it was said, 
knew the channel, Init was so frightened he did not wish to go 
into the wheel-house. General Foster ordered him to take the 
wheel, and standing beside him, pistol in hand, told the negro 
that if he ran the steamer aground, he would blow his brains 
out." On the authority of Geo. E. Mitchell, Company B, it 
is stated that Samuel Knowlton, Company A of the Twenty- 
third, a scout in the immediate employ of General Foster, 



* General Foster in giving an account of Padrick's death to one of the 
Newbern officers said, "I had heard that Padrick was disloyal and that he 
would arrange to have me captured. Just before we neared Hill's Point, 
I went into the pilot-house and revolver in hand stood by his side, deter- 
mined to shoot him at the first sign of trf^achery. As we were passing the 
last obstruction, Padrick had just said to me, ' I reckon we are all right 
now, ' when he was shot. He exclaimed, ' I'm killed, General, but by 
God, I'll get you through!' I couldn't help it; I cried like a baby." 



222 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

when the Spinola Expedition reached Blount's Creek, did not 
return, but made his way through to Washington and was in 
the wheel-house with Foster after the shooting of Pilot Pad- 
rick. 

WASHINGTON. 

Friday, April 17th, came near being pay-day; Major Jame- 
son was on the grounds and the men almost saw their precious 
earnings, when there came the stern announcement to be 
ready to march in an hour. Military commands admit of 
no parlejdng, they must be obeyed at once, and the pay will 
keep. By means of the steamer " Allison," the regiment is 
transferred to the northern side of the Neuse once more and 
camps within sight of the river. The road from Newbern to 
Washington is becoming a thoroughfare. It was opened by 
Burnside's men in the spring of '62, and it would seem that 
an average of a trip a month had been made in the interven- 
ing year. Some went through; at least one did not. Perhaps 
had communication between the two cities been of the quickest 
and best. General Foster would not have started on this par- 
ticular expedition, since, when these men are starting on 
another march, the Confederates are retiring from their 
intrenchments around Washington, a fact to be withheld from 
the Federals until they reach the fortifications themselves. 
The start towards Washington was made at 8 a.m. on the 
18tli and the march was pretty steady all day, reaching 
Blount's Creek, the terminus of the recent expedition, at 
about sundown. While all accounts agree as to the difficul- 
ties of the route, estimates as to distance traveled range from 
twenty-five to thirty miles. Near the camping-place is a 
grain and saw-mill with large quantities of lumber. An inspec- 
tion of the fortifications erected by the enemy, and which 
General Spinola concluded not to attack, convinced the 
observers that there would have been the liveliest kind of a 
fight had General Foster's orders been executed. 



April 20, '63. Washington. 223 

The withdrawal of the Confederates reHeved our forces of 
the necessity of trying to drive them out, but they had not 
gone so far that they could not impede our advance on the 
19th. Their rear guard of cavalry would halt, face about 
and apparently prej^are to charge upon us, causing our nearest 
troops to stop and form line to receive them; then they would 
be off again, leaving the Union force to advance once more. 
While interesting and exciting, the same was not conducive 
to a rapid forward movement. One observer comments on 
improved conditions in the country through which they are 
passing, there also being plentiful indications of the recent 
presence of the enemy. Towards night, line of battle was 
formed in front of Fort Hill, l)ut investigation showed that 
the rebels had departed. During the day a Confederate major 
and several men were captured, along with a Confederate 
flag. So completely had this section been denuded of pro- 
visions, our own haversacks in some cases furnished food for 
the famished natives, who could not understand how we 
should be so well supplied while the rebels were lacking. 
Camp was pitched scarcely more than two or three miles 
from Washington. Though the distance passed over was not 
more than thirteen or fourteen miles, the march had been an 
exciting and wearisome one. 

Early in the morning of the 20th, the regiment was splash- 
ing through the mud of a swamp, not a rare thing in this part 
of the country, on our way to a bridge which spans the Tar 
River and by means of which we crossed and marched into 
the long-besieged city. We passed right through Washington 
and camped in a cornfield on the further side. Finding near by 
a storehouse filled with lumber, we proceeded to appropriate 
and to build a small city of our own, Vjut ere we could use the 
same to any great extent, we were ordered back into the city 
itself, where we were assigned quarters, E and H finding 
theirs in a large edifice, containing a theatre and a Masonic 
Hall, H being initiated into Masonry, while E acted its 
role in the theatre. A, I and K were in an unoccupied 



224 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

building known as Farmer's Hotel; Company B was on picket 
along the Greenville road. In reference to this successful 
effort to reach Washington, General Foster in his report to 
General H. W. Halleck, then General-in-Chief, says that as 
an accompaniment to the movement he had sent General 
Prince on a march with something of a force towards Kinston, 
and Spinola, with the latter's brigade, was ordered to take 
the direct road to Washington, by way of Swift Creek, while 
he (Foster) and his force took the route already stated. " The 
movement toward Kinston with this latter movement, to- 
gether with the enemy's information of the accession of strength 
by Heckman's brigade, and the fact that, after fourteen days 
of close siege of Washington, General Hill had failed to obtain 
a single advantage, or to advance one step nearer his object, 
in all probability caused him to retreat." Another version of 
the withdrawal is that the plans were forming for the annual 
spring campaign of the Army of the Potomac, and Chancel- 
lorsville is less than two weeks away. While the test, under 
that name, could not be known to either Hill or Lee, yet expe- 
rience taught them that a union rather than a dispersing of 
forces was then desirable. At any rate the siege was raised, 
and the much-afflicted Washington was again wholly in Union 
hands. 

An incident of the entrance of the overland troops, specially 
interesting to the Fifth, was the discovery among the citizens 
of a former Woburn man, long resident in the place. As soon 
as it became evident that all prospects of success on the part 
of the rebels had vanished, the people began to proclaim their 
undying devotion to the flag, among them a man by the name 
of Fowle, for generations an honored patronymic in Woburn. 
It appears that the lumber-mill and storehouse where the 
men of the Fifth had made themselves comfortable were the 
property of this individual. An elderly man, he appeared at 
the mill, early in the morning, saying that he was Massachu- 
setts born, son of William Fowle of Woburn, who had been a 
soldier in the Revolution, that he was proud of his lineage and 



April 21, '63. Washington. 225 

of the Old Bay State, which he had left some thirty-five years 
before, to establish a home in North Carolina, where he had 
secured a competence. The war, however, had proved his 
undoing, his thirty-five slaves had left him, his most intelligent 
and trusted house-servant even then was serving General Fos- 
ter, for all of which, and much more, he claimed protection 
for his family and property, forgetting to say that the members 
of his family were uncompromising in their hostility to the 
Union Government, and that his son was then serving as 
Adjutant-general on the staff of General Zebulon Vance. 
Though the Woburn Phalanx (G) was at Hatteras, its first 
Orderly-sergeant, E. F. Wyer, then Acting Lieutenant in Com- 
pany E, was on hand, and was interested in this revelation 
of a fellow townsman. 

Active Yankee boys spent a considerable part of the 21st 
in thoroughly inspecting the scenes made famous in the pre- 
ceding days, and in scraping acquaintance with the natives, 
old and young. One young man comments on the innate 
rebellion evident in some of the youngsters, and one name he 
immortalizes in the amber of his notes, saying that George 
Evans Crabtree is the smartest of them all. The day was 
pleasant and the visitors made the most of it. One of the 
interesting finds of the explorers was the following message 
posted on a tree: 

Yankees — We leave you, not because we can't take Wash- 
ington, but because it is not worth the taking. Besides, the 
man who lives here must be amphibious. We leave you a few 
bursted guns, a few stray solid shot, and a man and a brother, 
rescued from the waves to which he was consigned in a fray 
with his equals. We compliment the plucky little garrison 
of the town, and also salute the pilot of the " Escort." Yours,, 
Company K, Thirty-second North Carolina S. T. 

The words " man and brother " referred to the body of a 
brave negro who jumped into the water and shoved off a 
grounded boat, thus saving the lives of several of our men. 

15 



226 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

The incident was incorporated, years later, by Anna Dickin- 
son in " What Answer?" she making the hero exclaim as he 
leaped overboard, " Somebody's got to die to get out of dis," 
and he was the man. Early in the morning of the 22d, the 
Fifth and the Seventeenth went on board the thoroughly 
ventilated " Escort, " the Forty-fourth taking the." Thomas 
Collyer," and at nightfall the men were again in their old 
Newbern camping-place. 

NEWBERN. 

Thursday, the 23d, brought the completion of the event 
just begun on the 17th, and the four months' pay that Major 
Jameson left with the regiment gladdened not alone the 
immediate recipients, but hundreds of homes in the distant 
homeland. Still the soldiers retained enough to make, as one 
of them says, " the sutler the most popular man in the camp." 
There followed several days of regular drill and garrison duty, 
into which all had to enter immechately on reaching camp. 



CORE CREEK. 

Thus time passed until late in the evening of the 26th, 
when orders came to be ready to march at daylight the 
following morning. The 27th dawned, but the start was not 
made till 9 o'clock, and the regiment was not clear of New- 
bern till pretty near night. Of course few, if any, knew the 
object or the destination of the trip, but their surprise as well 
as their pleasure was great on being embarked on platform 
cars along with the Twenty-seventh Massachusetts, and two 
companies of the Forty-sixth, and all steaming westward 
towards Kinston. Of course other troops w^ere enlisted in 
the same enterprise, as the brigade of General Amory, the 
Fifty-eighth Pennsylvania, a section of Riggs' Battery 



April 28-30, '63. Core Creek. 227 

and a company of the Third New York Cavalry. Leaving 
the cars at Batchelder's Creek, we had a straightaway march 
of ten or twelve miles in the rain, carrying three days' rations 
and 100 rounds of ammunition, reaching Core Creek at mid- 
night. Other parts of the force advanced by other routes so 
as to give an exaggerated appearance of strength. There was 
a heavy rainfall during the forenoon of the 28th, and men 
made themselves as comfortable as possible beneath the 
shelter of their rubber blankets. In the afternoon the engage- 
ment of Wise Forks or Dover Cross Roads was fought, in 
which nearly all of the expedition bore a part except the Fifth, 
it apparently being held in reserve. Of the 29th one writes: 
" Lay still in the camp all the forenoon. Two cavalrymen 
were shot by the guerrillas not a great distance from camp. 
It created a deal of excitement. An alarm towards night 
proved groundless." April 30th began with a detail of Com- 
panies E and H for picket duty, but the order was soon 
countermanded that they might accompany the regiment 
on a reconnoissance along the river road. In his report Colo- 
nel Peirson mentions cautious skirmishing with rebel pickets, 
until near the works which commanded the railroad and the 
Dover road, about ten miles from camp. "' After reconnoiter- 
ing about one and one-half hours and drawing their fire, I 
found the enemy in strong force. I then retired agreeably 
to my instructions." The immediate cause of this otherwise 
peculiar episode was said to have been an effort to keep the 
enemy busy while our engineers were making surveys for 
a topographical map of the locality. This version is borne 
out in a letter from General I. N. Palmer to Colonel Peirson, 
the former not being accustomed to throw many bouquets 
towards the Bay State. In addition to complimenting the 
Colonel and his command for their services in the reconnois- 
sance, he takes occasion to say: ''The General commanding 
the division desires to compliment Sergeant Charles Brigham 



228 Fifth Regiment, ]M. V. M., Nine Months. 

of Company K, Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., for the well exe- 
cuted topographical sketch which accompanied your report 
of the 3d inst." 

May day found the regiment in the vicinity of Core Creek, 
and the day itself was not " uncomfortably " warm, though 
more so than it is wont to be in Massachusetts. Whatever 
the object of the expedition, the end of it had arrived, for 
after marching about three miles across to the railroad, cars 
were taken for Newbern, though some of the soldiers had 
grown to denominating it as " home," having been there so 
long. They even remark on the disagreeableness of such 
freciuent departures. 

HATTERAS. 

During the month of April, Company G was still at Hat- 
teras, having no part in the varieties of the regimental life 
at Newbern and the surrounding country, though the men 
there are learning more about the sea and its moods than they 
had ever dreamed. When the wind blew hard, as it was 
inclined to do the greater part of the time, the sand " blows 
into all the cracks and crevices, fills the bunks, gets into our 
victuals, blinds our eyes and torments us in every possible 
manner." The wind and waves at times would force the 
waters over the bar, cutting new channels and seemingly 
endangering the very quarters of the men, yet the same 
chronicler writes of the men dancing when the waves were 
almost upon them. " Sand and fine sand! The air is filled 
with it! Everything covered! Eyes, ears, nose, mouth filled! 
Awful! Terrible! Cold! It seems as though this was the 
worst place in the world. " April 8th a squad from the com- 
pany with an equal number of Buffaloes (native and loyal 
North Carolinians) went aboard the tug " James Murray," 
having with them a 12 pound cannon, and went over theSound 
to Juniper Bay, on a sort of reconnoissance, and for the pur- 



Feb.-April, '63. Plymouth. 229 

pose of bringing off certain loyal families. The locality was 
known as Poplar Ridge and the excursion, though enjoyable 
to those taking part, was quite devoid of incident, all parties 
returning on the 10th. April 26th, Captain Grammer went 
to Newbern and returned on the 30th. Of the deeds and 
travels of the other companies, nominally at Newbern, these 
men at Hatteras had only rumors. 



PLYMOUTH. 

When Company G was sent away to Hatteras, a special 
order was also issued to the effect that Company D, Captain 
Howard, would proceed to Elizabeth City as escort to Gen- 
eral I. N. Palmer. From those who made up the party which 
left Newbern on the 22d of February, steamer " Escort," it 
appears that there was a stop at Roanoke Island, where 
General Palmer inspected the post, and thence proceeded 
directly to Plymouth, relieving Company I of the Third 
Massachusetts, which was sent to Elizabeth City. Possibly 
the latter fact may account for the disparity between the 
order and its execution. There was a quartette of excellent 
singers on board the steamer, and they serenaded General 
Palmer the first evening while steaming up Pamlico Sound. 
On reaching Plymouth, quarters were found for the company 
at the Custom House, and these were retained throughout 
the stay. The garrison, in addition to the company, included 
two companies of the Twenty-seventh, G, Capt. R. R. Swift 
and H, Capt. C. D. Sandford; a section of the Twenty-fourth 
New York Battery, Capt. A. Lester Cady, commanded by 
a lieutenant; some troops composed of native North Caro- 
linians, all under the command of Major W. G. Bartholomew 
of the Twenty-seventh. Besides, there were in the river 
(Roanoke) several gunboats, commanded by Capt. C. H. 
Flusser, who was to lose his life a few months later very near 



230 Fifth Regiment, M. V. ]\I., Nine Months. 

here in the famous ram " All)emarh> " encounter. When the 
seven companies of the Twentj'-fifth appeared in JNIarch, 
Major Bartholomew was superseded by Colonel Josiah 
Picket of the latter reoiment. Of the native soldiers, the new 
comers did not entertain the hiji;lu>st opinion, one saying that 
only one enlisted man could read, and he drew the rations 
simply on account of the foregoing fact. Lieut. C. P. Whittle 
of the company became Acting Assistant Quartermaster of 
the post, and Private W. A. Hardy his Acting Assistant 
Quartermaster Sergeant. 

Aside from issuing rations to the soldiers, the same were 
given out to the " contrabands " who, from 200 to 300 strong, 
thronged the place. When they became too numerous, they 
were passed along to Roanoke Island. Moreover, once a 
month there Avas a visitation of from 75 to 100 poor whites 
who came from all the coimtry round. " They beggared Fal- 
staff's famous recruits, carrying away their rations in the arms 
of old coats, pant-legs, etc. As payment, we received the 
pleasing knowledge that their men-folks were in the rebel 
army, trying to kill us, while we fed the starving families. 
How merciful was Uncle Sam!" During the stay of Company 
D, it went on several expeditions, two of which were con- 
ducted by " D " alone. The first was made in row-boats to 
Edenton, on Albemarle Sound, near the mouth of Chowan 
River, to destroy certain saltworks of great value to the 
enemy. The object was attained without resistance. Another 
trip, under Captain Howard, was into the neighboring region 
for the purpose of capturing a seine, which being set in the 
Roanoke and operated by a Plymouth citizen, furnished fresh 
fish for the troops. Another raid was made up the Roanoke, 
two gunboats with one of the Twenty-seventh's com])anies, 
and " D " all proceeding about six miles al)ove Pl^ymouth, 
where the enemy had begun to throw up earthworks. After 
shelling the place the troops and crews landed and captured 
some tobacco, live pigs and poultry. 



May 21, '63. Gum Swamp. 231 

As a general headquarters for the Union fleet in the Albe- 
marle and Pamlico Sounds, Plymouth was an important sta- 
tion, and was threatened repeatedly, a considerable force of 
the Confederates being encamped within a few miles of the 
place. Without the assistance of tlie ncigliborly gunboats 
the post could not have })een held, as was plainly shown the 
following year, when so many Union soldiers were captured in 
a vain attempt to hold it. The rebels were specially in evi- 
dence during the siege of Washington. March 20th came the 
Twenty-fifth and Forty-sixth regiments, and extensive forti- 
fications were laid out under the direction of (.'aptain F. U. 
Farquhar, Chief Engineer of the Eighteenth Army Corps. 
New troops coming into Plymouth, under General H. W. 
Wessells, the force already on duty was relieved, and embark- 
ing May 3d, found itself again in Newbern the next day, Com- 
pany D ready for all subseciuent service. (The preceding 
account is prepared from data furnished by First Sergt. V. 
Wallberg and Private W. A. Hardy.) 



GUM SWAMP. 

Until the 21st of May there was nothing in camp-life except 
the routine of drill, guard duty and inspections. Careful 
scribes find nothing more entertaining than the fact that a 
certain field officer does not excel in directing battalion drill, 
and that Colonel Peirson finally has to take his men in hand 
to 'obviate some evident defects. No fault is ever found with 
him. On the 16th, there were inspection and review by (jen- 
eral Palmer and staff, always essential to the physical and 
moral well being of military })odies. Wednesday, the 20th, 
brought the ominous orders for the preparation of three days' 
rations, so that all were aware that another movement was 
contemplated. General Foster, in his report to General 
Halleck, says that the troops of the enemy being constantly 



232 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

drained from this department into Virginia, and that frequent 
depredations had been made by the rebels from Kinston way, 
he determined to make a demonstration towards the latter 
place and if possible capture the picket-regiment of the 
enemy. Col. J. Richter Jones (Fifty-eighth Pennsylvania), 
commanding the outpost, was directed to attempt to surround 
the Confederates at Gum Swamp and, if successful in captur- 
ing them, to make a demonstration as if in force, but to make 
sure of an avenue of retreat. He was reinforced by four regi- 
ments, four pieces of artillery and three companies of cavalry. 
The immediate part of the Fifth is told by one of the men 
to the effect that we left Newbern about 7 o'clock a.m. and 
went by rail some fifteen miles, where we waited for the 
Twenty-fifth and the Forty-sixth to be brought up, thence 
we crossed over to the camping place of three weeks before 
on Core Creek. 

The story of the affair, as gathered from the report of 
Colonel Peirson, is to the effect that Col. H. C. Lee, being 
at home on furlough, the command of the brigade devolved 
on him, viz., Colonel Peirson. It was decided to send two 
regiments by an unfrequented and circuitous path to the 
enemy's rear, while the main column moved up and engaged 
the enemy's attention and prevented his escape in front. 
Both columns were to arrive at the enemy's intrenchment 
as near daybreak as possible on the morning of the 22d, and 
thus make a joint attack front and rear. Accordingly, at 
dusk of the 21st, Colonel Jones moved at the head of his 
column, consisting of the Fifty-eighth Pennsylvania and the 
Twenty-seventh Massachusetts, which he subsequently joined 
at the depot, and stealthily proceeded, under cover of the night 
and by direction of a faithful guide, to gain the enemy's rear. 
For thirteen hours the men of this devoted combination strug- 
gled through the mazes of that almost impenetrable swamp, 
emerging at 9 a.m. of the 22d, as expected, behind the rebel 
works. While moving steadily forward, the column came 
near capturing General Matthew W. Ransom (later and for 



May 22, '63. Gum Swamp. 233 

many years U. S. Senator from North Carolina) , who was in 
command of the post. Luckily for him he saw the Union 
force in time to shout, " The Yankees! The Yankees!" and 
putting spurs to his horse galloped towards Kinston. The 
engagement was short, fierce and decisive. According to the 
programme. Colonel Peirson and his force advanced, and had 
been for a number of hours in front skirmishing and waiting 
the promised coilperation of Jones' men in the rear. 

Resuming the report of Colonel Peirson, we have his 
word : 

About half past nine or ten rapid firing was heard in rear 
of the enemy. Judging that Colonel Jones had succeeded in 
reaching the desired position, I moved the Twenty-fifth 
Massachusetts on the right and the Fifth on the left, and 
ordered them to be prepared, if necessary, to charge the 
intrenchments. The Forty-sixth was ordered to support the 
Twenty-fifth, advancing further towards the front. Colonel 
Pickett, commanding the Twenty-fifth, prudently threw for- 
ward skirmishers to ascertain if the works were abandoned. 
The skirmishers reporting that the enemy had left their first 
line, I ordered forward the regiments rapidly to gather up the 
fruits of the victory. On entering the works, we met detach- 
ments of the Twenty-seventh and Fifty-eighth bringing in 
prisoners, many of whom they had captured in brilliantly 
charging them. Detached squads were sent into the swamps 
to hunt out and capture those of the enemy who were there 
concealed. Nearly 200 prisoners were taken out of a force 
from 600 to 700. The escape of so many was owing to the 
fact that the Twenty-seventh and the Fifty-eighth did not 
exactly join, and more than half of the rebels got through the 
open place. As soon as possible, the cavalry was ordered 
forward in pursuit, but the Confederates had too great a 
start. 

It was not long before the enemy was sufficiently reinforced 
from Kinston to enable him to return the attack, to which our 
artillery replied in kind. At 10 o'clock p.m. the Union troops 
recrossed Core Creek and encamped for the night, undisturbed 
by the enemy. On the 23d, Colonel Jones with the Fifty- 



234 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

eighth Pennsylvania, the artillery and cavalry, moved down 
the Dover road to Batchelder's Creek without molestation 
from the enemy. Lee's brigade under Colonel Peirson took 
the cross-road leading to the railroad, distant some three 
miles. Information being received that the rebels were com- 
ing in sufficient force to dispute the passage, it was determined 
to avoid them, since a victory then could bring no advanta- 
geous results. It was determined to bear off to the left and 
thus reach the railroad by a shorter route through the woods 
and swamp. Unfortunately the depths and extent of that 
swamp no one in the party knew. Some say that mortal man 
never went through it before, and many are equally positive 
that no man in his senses will ever thread its mazes again. In 
the annals of regiments that plunged into the slough, that 
warm day in May, the passage has a prominent place as the 
'' Gum Swamp " incident. 

One of the Fifth thus tells the story of that fearful ordeal: 

The swamp was one typical of North Carolina. The mud 
was knee-deep (in places waist-deep), the brambles thick and 
thorny, the water coffee-colored, alive with creeping things, 
the air heavy with moisture and foul odors. Through it the 
men fought their way, stumbling and falling, marching some- 
times when asleep from weariness, and all this -within sound 
of the whistle of the locomotive attached to the train waiting 
to carry the men back to NeAvbern. At last the shore was 
found and the exhausted men crawled out to the railroad 
track and the train. Men could hardly go through a worse 
experience and live. So far as garments were concerned, eyes 
seldom looked upon a sorrier sight than they presented when 
they reached their camp. The color and texture of their 
garments could hardly be told, because of the mud upon them. 
The clothes themselves were torn into tatters by the briers of 
the swamp. They were the blackest lot of white men that 
were ever seen. ^lany a man left in that swamp his health, 
and has never recovered it. Some sank under their distresses 
and were helped out by their stronger comrades. 



May 23, '63. Gum Swamp. 235 

Captain D. Waldo Denny, historian of the Twenty-fifth, 
presents the scene most graphically, calling his sketch, " In 
the Pocosin " : 

It was four miles of mud and slush, knee-deep — four 
miles of thick underbrush, of tangled wild-wood, of brambles, 
of thorny copses, of water courses and stagnant pools alive 
with creeping things, and crawling things — of snakes that 
hissed and adders that forced their villainous tongues into 
sight, if not into legs. Through this terrible place we cut and 
slashed our way, slowly, tediously, grievously. The sun, as 
if to make our effort more unendurable, poured down its 
liurning rays, and not a l^reath of air came through the thick 
foliage to our relief. Exhausted from fatigue and burning 
with heat, the men called for water — "give me water." They 
scooped up the thick mud water in their tin dishes, water 
black with the poisonous roots and the slime of the swampy 
pools, and covering the dish with a dirty towel or a long- 
carried pocket handkerchief — anything that could be utilized 
as a strainer, sucked the black water into the stomach. Oh, 
the horrid taste, as if drinking pulverized snakes and lizards; 
and oh, how it griped, and served like an emetic or purgative 
upon those who imbibed the noxious compound. Not even 
the hellish draught compounded by the witches in "Macbeth" 
could have been more repulsive than this which some men 
essayed to drink in the Dover swamp. 

As trophies of the expedition. Colonel Peirson reported 165 
prisoners, 28 horses, 10 mules with wagons, ambulances, 
harnesses, saddles, 11,000 rounds of ammunition, a 12-pound 
howitzer with limber. Not all the troops returned with 
Lee's brigade. Two companies remained at the bridge over 
Batchelder's Creek, where they were attacked in the after- 
noon by the enemy, but they held their position until the 
arrival of Captain Tifft (Forty-sixth) and a section of Riggs' 
Battery, which was on its way to Newbern. In this engage- 
ment, Sergt. A. S. Bryant of Company A (Forty-sixth) so 
distinguished himself as to win a medal of honor. The cool- 
ness and rapid firing of Capt. Lewis A. Tifft so impressed the 
enemy with a belief in the size of his detachment that he was 



236 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nixe Months. 

able to hold back the rebels until the arrival of Colonel Jones 
of the Fifty-eighth Pennsylvania, and Companies D and I of 
his regiment. Colonel Jones ordered the rebuilding of the 
bridge while he and his companies advanced ^p the road. 
He had been informed that the Confederates were present in 
force, but he gave no attention to the knowledge. With his 
orderly he had advanced a short distance across the bridge 
when his breast was pierced by a bullet, fired by a sharp- 
shooter concealed behind the chimney of a house some rods 
away. The death of this officer, brave to imprudence, was 
deeply mourned by all the troops. The enemy made no 
further attack at this point. 



NEWBERN. 

That washing up and trying to look decent again formed 
a large part of the soldiers' time after the " Gum Swamp " 
experience, goes without saying. The men were tired, hungry 
and thereby appreciative of the well-earned rest that the 
return to camp afforded, but Death, the great destroyer, rested 
not, and the 24th called out the entire regiment, or that portion 
still in Newbern, for the funeral of Corporal Benjamin G. 
Blanchard, Jr. (Company H), who died only the day before. 
Comment is made on the amount of illness in the regiments, 
there l)eing more cases of sickness than at any former time. 
Notwithstanchng recent exactions, there was still work for 
the Fifth to do, and on Monday, the 25th, came orders to 
break camp on the morrow, and l^e ready to take transports 
for Wilkinson's Point, there to build a fort. Apparently 
the orders did not apply to Companies E and B, they remain- 
ing for camp and picket duty. Thus six companies, under 
command of Major Worcester, embarked on the gunboat 
" Allison " at 9.30 a.m. of the 26th, and with three cheers for 
Colonel Peirson, steamed some twenty miles down the Neuse 
to the point named, and having anchored at 1 o'clock p.m., soon 



May 27, '63. Newbern. 237 

after effected a landing under cover of four gunboats. The 
camp was pitched on a narrow sand-bluff, close to the river, 
the bluff being so narrow as to afford scant room for the tents, 
the river bordering on one side, a swamp on the other. At 
this point the Neuse is quite two and a half miles wide, more 
properly a sound than a river, the water too salt for drinking. 
The point was a fishing station, and though this was not the 
season for fishing with seines, the boys equipped themselves 
with the latter and undertook to supply the camp with 
piscatorial food, their success, however, being only indifferent. 
The 27th the men went into the woods and cut out a number 
of logs for use in raising up their tents, but before any consider- 
able advance was made in establishing the camp, orders came 
for a return to Newbern, so at 5 p.m. of the 28th the men 
went aboard ship again and at 10 o'clock were back in their 
old quarters. 

To those who had remained, there was work, and in the 
evening of the 27th the pleasant duty of assisting General 
Foster observe his 39th birthday. Music was furnished by 
the band of the Fifth, the same having remained in camp, and 
the Forty-fourth Regiment turned out largely. The gardens 
of the General's house were hung with lanterns and various 
regimental colors helped adorn the house itself. The prisoners 
captured in the affair of the 22d were not all sent away at 
once, hence there was a chance for curious Yankees to get 
acquainted, chances that some of them embraced. They 
found the Confederates of a better stamp than those taken, 
on the Goldsboro tramp, that they were from the elevated 
regions of northwestern North Carolina, and that they 
effected to dislike the coast dwellers very much, calling them 
" sand-lappers." Though their garments were made of cotton, 
butternut in color, they were better than those of former rebel 
wear. Inquiry naturally rises as to the trip of the regiment 
down the river and its almost immediate return. No author- 
itative reason is found, but surmise answers that General 
I. N. Palmer, in command during the temporary absence of 



238 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

General Foster, and cherishing a pique against the Massachu- 
setts men, undertook to make them uncomfortable under the 
pretext of erecting a fort at Wilkinson's Point. On the return 
of General Foster, he quickly countermanded the action of 
Palmer, hence the return of the Fifth, and the band that 
plaj^ed the men back to camp was glad to see them. 

Reenlistment is freely discussed, and a new regiment, to 
be known as the Second Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, to 
be commanded by Major Jones Frankle of the Seventeenth 
Massachusetts, is projected. There was evident need of 
troops to care for and man the defenses which the men already 
in the field had been constructing. The officers, originally 
commissioned, were taken from the Bay State organizations 
already in the service. Considerable effort was made to 
enthuse the men of the Fifth in the proposition, but with not 
the best of success. It was about this time also that the men 
on detail were called in, a fact which made the boys think that 
" going-home " was in sight. Friday, the 29th, General 
Foster addressed the men on the subject of enlisting in the 
new regiment, saying he wanted one hundred and fifty men 
from the Fifth, that every one enlisting should have a thirty 
days' furlough home and a ])ounty of $150 besides, his pay 
to continue all of the time. On the 30th, one hundred men 
were detailed to work on intrenchments to be dug from Fort 
Rowan to the Neuse, and orders were issued for five companies 
to go out to Deep Gully for picket duty. As enumerated in 
the special order, sent out by Adjutant Eustis, the companies 
thus designated were H, E, B, K and I. Captain Drew of H, 
being the senior officer, was in command of the detail. 

Deep Gully is a chasm extending several miles to the north 
from the Trent River, having a narrow but deep stream of 
water, there being a ford about half a mile south of the bridge. 
A substantial earthwork had been thrown up near the bridge, 
and the Twenty-fifth Massachusetts was on duty here when 
the episode of March 13th took place. Though the orders 
called for a 4 o'clock departure, it was after 6 of the 31st before 



May, '63. Hatteras. 239 

the start was made and the reserve picket station was reached 
at 9.30 a.m. some seven miles out. Here were found four 
companies of the Third Massachusetts that had come out 
for the same duty. After some delay it was decided that the 
Fifth would remain, and proper details were made for picket. 
Accordingly, those detailed proceeded to the scene of real 
outpost duty, the same being along the eastern edge of the 
gully, thus making the line at right angles to the Trent River. 
One of the boys thus placed records this of his labor and obser- 
vations: " We saw no sign of any enemy. I fancy there is 
no considerable force of rebels this side of Kinston, except a 
few guerrillas. The picket reserve station is two miles 
nearer Newbern, and there we have first-rate water. Black 
mulberries and plums are quite plenty and there are some 
blackberries. The camp is on an old plantation, and the fruit 
that we get is from some of the old trees left standing. We 
have built houses of logs and branches, and things seem quite 
convenient and comfortable. We appreciate the absence of 
restraint so prevalent in the Newbern camp." 



HATTERAS. 

Company G in its May days at Hatteras has not the same 
sort of activity that attends the major part of the regiment, 
but men are kept busy, as when they are sent to Roanoke 
Island to cut wood, patrolling various parts of the great sand- 
bar, keeping guard at the lighthouse and at other points of 
the Hatteras sand waste. Among these Woburn men is one 
of artistic abilities as well as poetic, as is evident in his diary 
entrances, when on the 3d of May he writes: "Splendid 
night, full moon which lighted the whole beach and made a 
radiant pathway across the ocean." Hundreds of observers 
see just such sights, while only one remarks them. May 5th 
one of the men writes: "One intelligent black man rowed 
me ashore, his back being well covered with a coat formerly 



240 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

worn b}^ the Rev. Dr. Stebbins of Woburn. He is called 
after his benefactor and wears the reverend garment wdth 
becoming dignity." Alay 6th the "Dudley Buck" arrived 
from Newbern, bringing Colonel Peirson, Adjutant Eustis 
and Captain Crafts, who were received by the company, 
drawn up in line, which also greeted them with three cheers. 
The alleged loyal North Carolinians, w^hom the soldiers 
denominate "buffaloes," do not stand very high in the minds 
of the men from Massachusetts. Seemingly they are more 
observant of calls for rations than for work of any kind. The 
Colonel, Adjutant and Captain Crafts went away on the 11th. 
Sea-bathing is not the least of the pleasures afforded at Hatter- 
as, and firing the great guns is excellent practice, some very 
good work being done in this direction. ]\lay 19th Captain 
Grammer succeeded to the command of the post on the 
departure of Captain Ashcroft (Third New York Cavalry). 
In the way of visitors, the most notable, during the month, 
came on the 23d in the persons of General Foster and staff, 
accompanied by General E. E. Potter, of some note in connec- 
tion with Washington on the Tar; C. B. Wilder, superintend- 
ent of contrabands; Capt. James H. Strong, etc. "General Fos- 
ter was very pleasant and looked the same as ever, white hat 
and white pants." A salute was fired in his honor and he inspect- 
ed the guard, seeming to think that things were better than 
when he visited before. There was an exhibition of target 
practice, and one shot the General pronounced a "lovely" one. 
Their stay was brief, the departure coming the same day. 



DEEP GULLY. 

Excepting the Hatteras detail and the companies in camp, 
the early part of June finds the Fifth on picket, and as a rale 
there is more poetry as well as incident in service away from 
the stiff regimen of camp life with its interminable routine. 



June 6, '63. Deep Gully. 241 

all of the latter necessarj^ for the best results, at the same 
time never agreeable to the soldier himself. In Newbern 
active efforts were made to secure recruits for the Second 
Heav}'-, especially by Captain Newton of "I," who was to 
accept a similar position in the new regiment. The names 
of the nine men are borne on the rolls as having been dis- 
charged, June 6th, that they might re-enlist in the Heavy 
Artillery. ]Many more enlisted at a later date. The Forty- 
fourth Regiment, whose muster-in preceded that of the 
Fifth by a few days, took cars for Morehead City on the 5th 
and thence was carried by steamer to Massachusetts. The 
period of picket duty extended to the 10th, with no special 
incident or variation. One of those who did not leave the 
camp for this tour of duty writes of his going out to visit his 
fellows, on the very Ijorder of Union limits, and finding them 
very comfortably placed and enjoying themselves. He 
sampled the mulberries there abounding and, by an unexpected 
fall from a tree, learned that limljs of the mullx'rry tree are 
exceedingly brittle. 

The visitor also was told of a realization, by one of the boys, 
that " a miss is as good as a mile," for a corporal, as was his 
wont and duty, going down to the edge of the Trent to discover 
whether a certain rebel sharpshooter was attending to his 
part of the hostilities, was suddenly and convincingly informed. 
He had glanced across the water and had about-faced to return, 
when a bullet from a hidden foeman took off the visor of his 
cap as closely as possible without breaking the skin of his 
forehead. While the '' miss " was sufficient, he was sure that 
the rebel was on deck and duty. Had he deferred his turning 
the briefest instant, the shot would have penetrated his fore- 
head and another would have been added to the death roll. 
Sunday, the 7th, the major, surgeon, adjutant and other 
officers as well as enlisted men were visitors at the picket 
station, and the next day was marked by the presence of 
16 



242 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

Colonel Peirson, accompanied by officers and men. The 9th 
brought wagons to carry back the heavier portions of the 
baggage, though the men had the privilege of another day 
on the borders, since the soldiers to relieve them were some- 
what slow in their appearance. 



NEWBERN. 

The way back to Newbern was taken early in the morning 
of the 10th, and the pace was slow, so much so that some of 
the men grew impatient, and going ahead, had a right to claim 
that it was the regiment 'that straggled. Former quarters 
were reached about the middle of the afternoon. Thence 
onward to the 22d, whatever the nominal occupation of the 
men, the principal thought was the return home, which was 
surely near at hand. To be sure, there was the regular round 
of camp duty along with that of extras, as cutting wood, work- 
ing in the city, and warding off homesickness, which had begun 
to attack the men, or some of them, in an almost virulent 
manner. Guns and equipments had to be put in the best 
condition possible, and then, lest they might forget, there 
was a resumption of the drills that late activities had super- 
seded. On the 16th and 17th details were made for labor 
on the intrenchments, so near did the day of departure follow 
these reminders of former and regular work. Somehow, 
the idea had been widespread that the regiment would leave 
on the 18th, but that day came and went and Newbern was 
still in sight. The steamer " Guide," which had taken the 
Forty-fourth home, had been detained somewhat by heavy 
fogs, and this maj^ have occasioned some delay. However, 
on the 21st came the long-expected and eagerly-awaited 
Regimental Order No. 37, to the effect that all would be in 
readiness to depart on the morrow. 



June 22, '63. Going Home. 243 

GOING HOME. 

" Oh, the day it came at last," has been sung o'er and o'er 
by thousands of voices, not alone by those who waited the 
breaking of prison bonds, but everywhere the world over, 
men of all ages have thought them, if they did not chant them, 
for " I'm going home " is one of the happiest combinations 
that the language affords, and hundreds of men, on the morn- 
ing of the 22d, had them in mind and on the lip as they packed 
their knapsacks for the last time, and turned their backs on 
scenes that had grown familiar through many months of 
off-and-on occupancy. The Third Regiment had gone home 
on the 11th, and the remaining nine months' troops were to 
follow on the 24th. It was well known that great events were 
impending up in northern Virginia and Maryland, and in 
reporting at Fortress Monroe, there was the possibility of 
being ordered thither, as some of those going on the 24th were. 
But no bridge can be crossed until reached, so these home- 
ward-turning men gave as little thought as possible to what 
might follow, and made all preparations for a speedy sight of 
Massachusetts. The manner of the Fifth's getting away 
from Newbern is appreciatively described by Historian Denny 
of the 25th: 

June 22d, the Fifth Massachusetts, Colonel Peirson, left 
Newbern, homeward bound, reaching Boston harbor on the 
26th of that month. The regiment was brigaded with the 
Twenty-fifth during its service, and its camp was adjacent to 
Camp Oliver, so that a very friendly feeling existed between the 
officers and men of the two battalions. The Twenty-fifth 
(also the Forty-sixth), wishing to express appreciation of the 
gallant services rendered by the Fifth on all occasions, turned 
out with full ranks, and escorted their comrades to the wharf, 
and there exchanged parting salutations. Colonel H. C. Lee, 
commanding brigade, found an opportunity to make a neat 
little speech to the officers and men of the Fifth, and among 
other good things said: "You may perhaps think you have 
done more than your share of labor, having engaged in more 
expeditions, endured longer marches, and performed more 



244 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

arduous service than any other nine months' regiment, or even 
the three j^ears' troops, in the same period of time. But you 
should remember the Scripture passage, that Svhom the 
Lord loveth he chasteneth/ and accept the toils and hard- 
ships you have borne as a proof of the good opinion of your 
commanding General, who calls most frequently into service 
those regiments in which he has the most confidence." 

This most delightful " send-off " took place in one of the 
open places of the city, where the regiment was drawn up in 
a hollow square, and thence it marched to the wharf where 
Companies D, I and K, under command of Lieut. -col. Boyd, 
went on board the " Convoj^ " with instructions to stop at 
Hatteras, there to take on board Company G, so long sta- 
tioned on that barren waste. The remaining companies. A, 
B, C, E, F and H, proceeded by railroad to Morehead City, 
and at 10 a.m. boarded the steamer " Guide," so frequently 
mentioned in all affairs pertaining to North Carolina in war- 
times, the steamer starting soon afterwards. As the " Con- 
voy " is to pick up Company G, it will be well to anticipate 
that call and find out how June has been passing on the bar. 
General Prince visited the post June 7th and inspected both 
forts and the barracks. He is described as a " short, stout 
man with a black beard." Flies annoy the boys by day and 
fleas make weary the night. "General Wild* arrived this 
morning (June 14th) for the purpose of enlisting contrabands. 
He is a tall, slim man with a reddish beard. He has lost his 
left arm and the empty sleeve dangles at his side. The 
darkeys are very ready to become soldiers and they have 
been enlisting all day." The General succeeded in getting 
about 150 men from the colored people on the bar, leaving only 



* General E. A. Wild was a Brookline (Mass.) man, who as a physician 
had seen service in the Crimean War; had been a captain in the First 
Massachusetts Infantry ; had assisted in the organization of Massachusetts 
troops, and as Colonel of the Thirty-fifth had lost his left arm at South 
Mountain; commissioned Brigadier General April 24, '63, was exceed- 
ingly prominent in all phases of the negro service until the pnd of the war. 
He died at Medellin, U. 8. of Colombia, Aug. 28, 1891. 



June 21, '63. Going Home. 245 

the old and decrepit. To the men cooped up on this sand 
desert, time seemed even longer than it did to their comrades 
at Newbern. They had heard that they were to be carried 
home in the " Convoy," and that vessel's name was on every 
lip, seemingly, during all the waking hours. She would 
surely come the next day and then the next. Frequent bets 
were made as to her arrival. Where there was no imperative 
duty, men spent the most of their time trying to be the first 
to announce the coming of the transport. Towards the end 
of the stay, Captain Grammer went to Newbern, and on his 
return, the 21st, he announced that " tomorrow the 'Convoy' 
will surely arrive." The men seemed beside themselves with 
joy, " laughing, shouting, and acting like men possessed." 
At last the steamer appeared and at 5 p.m., honored by a 
salute of four guns from the fort, Company G went on board 
the " Convoy " and was off for home. Passing through 
the inlet heavy waves were encountered, the same prevailing 
until past the Cape; so near to the same did the vessel go, the 
men could distinguish the quarters occupied in the preceding 
March. " After getting around the Cape, the water was much 
smoother and the rising moon made the night dehghtful." 
Though of different rates of speed, the two transports were 
supposed to be companions on the homeward trip. The " Con- 
voy " first reported at Fortress Monroe and Lieut.-col. Boyd 
went ashore to state the situation. Some one narrates that 
General John A. Dix, the commandant, must have been in 
an ill temper, for when the officer asked the General's orders 
for the left wing of the Fifth, the latter replied that he had no 
use for half regiments. Taking this as his orders to proceed 
northward, the Colonel saluted and retired. Anchor was 
weighed and the " Convoy " started out to sea again, meet- 
ing on the way out the " Guide " and the officers were told 
to turn about and steam for Boston. (One of the " Guide's " 
companies states that the vessel reported at Fortress Monroe, 
just the same, and was ordered to Massachusetts.) During 



246 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

the 24th, while moving through an open sea, that old acquaint- 
ance of the Neuse and Newbern, the steamer " Escort," was 
met on her way southward. It was a pleasant though a final 
meeting. Towards night the " Convoy " held up to enable 
the " Guide " to approach, she having been far astern all day. 
The 25th reveals the coast of Massachusetts, with the " Guide" 
leading, since her captain is familiar with the points along the 
shore, and all observers proclaim the view a great improve- 
ment on that of the old North State. It was late afternoon as 
the vessels neared Boston. In passing Fort Warren the fort 
fired a salute and the garrison band played " Home, Sweet 
Home," and never did the melody fall on more appreciative 
ears. Anchor was dropped near the foot of Battery Wharf 
and the night was passed on ship-board, not without many 
visitors in boats coming out to speak the word of welcome. 

It was 8 o'clock in the morning of the 26th when the 
landing was made, and the soldiers again set foot 
upon the territory of their, for the most part, 
native State, and they would gladly have started 
for their respective homes by the shortest route, but 
a reception was awaiting them. Three companies. A, D, 
and H, were from Charlestown, and that city wished to 
receive her sons and their comrades in fitting manner. Let- 
ters had been written to Colonel Peirson some weeks before 
intimating the purpose of the citizens, and the subject was 
submitted to the other officers and by them to the men. 
While gratitude was expressed for the kindness of the inten- 
tions, the men expressed a wish to get home as early as pos- 
sible, instead of halting for a parade. Unluckily, this deci- 
sion did not reach Charlestown, and when a committee came 
aboard to arrange details and to announce the preparations 
already made, it seemed ungrateful to decline such hospital- 
ity, so, with a few exceptions, all agreed to march and be 
entertained. There was a wait of two hours on the wharf 
before starting; the day was extremely hot and knapsacks 



June 26, '63. Going Home. 247 

with equipage were exceedingly heavy, since many of the 
soldiers had stocked up with relics for the pleasure of the 
folks at home. 

Finally the start was made, the regiment marching up 
State Street by platoons, amid the cheers of an immense throng 
of people, and thence through Court, Sudbury and Haver- 
hill Streets, over the river to Charlestown. The escort was 
long and imposing, including the National Lancers, Captain 
Slade, with Standish's Band; City Government of Charles- 
town in carriages; National Guard, Captain Stevens, with 
Boston Brigade Band; Charlestown Reserve, Captain Norton; 
Fire Department of Charlestown, with Hall's, Gilmore's and 
the Germania Bands; with civic societies, Hamilton Institute, 
St. Mary's Relief, Father Mathew Total Abstinence and St. 
Francis de Sales Association; cavalcade of 150 horsemen; 
Somerville Light Infantry, Captain Brastow; Somerville Hook 
and Ladder Co., with Chelsea Band; cavalcade of seventy- 
five horsemen, all under the direction of Chief Marshal 
Haynes. While crossing Warren Bridge a salute was fired 
by guns on the Charlestown wharves. It had been under- 
stood that the parade should be a brief one, but the chance 
to show a regiment just home from the front did not come 
every day, hence the route was unduly prolonged, much to 
the disgust of both officers and men. At least one captain, 
Grammer of G, refused to march farther, and with his men 
fell out of line just before the collation was served in Win- 
throp Square, almost under the shadow of the Monument, 
At the tables, set for 1400 people, prayer was offered by the 
Rev. James B. Miles, and congratulatory remarks were 
addressed to Colonel Peirson and his command bj^ Mayor 
Phineas J. Stone, extending the hospitahties of the city, to 
all of which the Colonel responded briefly yet heartily. The 
buildings were profusely decorated with flags, bunting and 
mottoes. Windows and balconies were filled with ladies, who 
showered bouquets of flowers upon the soldiers. It would 
seem that not all of the companies remained to the feast, for 



248 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

it is recorded that " E " also fell out dinnerless. The Woburn 
company found a special train to carry it home, and on arrival 
in town there was a march over Academy Hill to the Common, 
where remarks were made by Mr. Cummings, Rev. Dr. Steb- 
bins, C. C. Woodman and Capt. Grammer; then the company 
repaired to Lyceum Hall, where a bountiful spread awaited 
the men, though not all remained to partake, preferring to 
hasten at once to that dearest of all spots in the world — 
Home. A similar reception was accorded Company I in Marl- 
boro on Saturday, and the crowds cheered to the echo the 
exhibition of drill afforded by the soldiers. Somerville greeted 
her company with equal fervor, and Medford was not a whit 
behind in doing honor to her Company E, the same beirig 
escorted to the town line from Charlestown, where it was met 
by the officials and a large part of the people of Medford, and 
with them was marched to the Town Hall, where, after an elo- 
quent welcome from General S. C. Lawrence, colonel during 
the regiment's first term, and a reply by Captain Currier, all 
partook of an elaborate collation prepared by the ladies. All 
were permitted to go home and remain there until the follow- 
ing Wednesday, July 2d, when they gathered at their old 
camping place. Lake Wenham, for muster-out. 

It is interesting to note that, as the ceremony of leaving 
the service was in progress on the peaceful shores of the lake, 
one of the world's greatest battles — Gettysl^urg — was in its 
second terrible day, and the high tide of rebellion was yet to 
break on the slope of Cemetery Ridge, while at Vicksburg 
and Port Hudson were impending surrenders which should 
permit the waters of the Mississippi to flow unvexed to the 
sea. But of all this these men, after their campaign of nearly 
a year, are as yet blissfully ignorant. They have served their 
country in accordance with the terms of their enlistments, 
and now, having turned over to the proper authorities their 
guns, knapsacks, haversacks, in a word all with which the 
Government had equipped them, they were ready to be 
resolved once more into the great mass of the people whence 



The Regimental Band. 249 

some months before they had emerged. Their discharge 
papers l)ore the name of Robert B. McKibbin, first lieuten- 
ant, Fourth Infantry, U. S. A. While enlisting for nine months 
the service of the men, in most cases, exceeded ten months, so 
there could be no charge of failure to render full time, and with 
a consciousness of having done their entire duty, of having 
fought a good fight, of having kept the faith, the members of 
the Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., in its second tour of duty, 
hastened away from the camp to their respective homes, there 
to take up the vocational threads raveled by their temporary 
employment in the episode of war. 



THE REGIMENTAL BAND. 

By Henry Grant Weston, " One of 'Em." 

While encamped at Wenham, I was discovered in the ranks 
of Company G by Benj. Wyman of Company E and invited 
to take my instrument to Newbern, as a band was to be 
onganized on arriving there. As at first organized, it included 
Henry K. Holder (C), leader, and Webster Brooks (E), Geo. 
A. McCurdy (E), John K. Meader (H), Ezra Morse (E), 
Josiah W. Parker (C), Augustus Perkins (E), Charles H. 
Prentiss (F), Samuel Rinn (G), Joseph Sinclair (B), Henry 
G. Weston (G), Francis E. Whitcomb (B), Lucius L. Woolley 
(F), James G. Wormwood (K), Benj. F. Wyman (E). 

Under the leadership of Comrade Holder, we made fair 
progress, although our stock of music was very limited. 
Rehearsals were continuous for several weeks, and how proud 
all of us were when the officers decided that we played well 
enough to appear at guard-mount and dress-parade. What 
member of the band does not remember the " flag raising," 
after the ninety-foot pole had 1)een erected near the Colonel's 
quarters. The regiment had been assembled and " Old Glory " 



250 



Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 



run to the peak, ready to be broken forth when the band 
should have played " The Star Spangled Banner." The 
leader was of a nervous temperament, sometimes lost his head, 
and when the command was given, and the flag was flung to 
the breeze, the band played " Hail Columbia," much to the 
disgust of our worthy Adjutant, who was master of ceremonies. 
For a few moments, there was a distinct halo of bright blue 




joe SINCLAIR S DOG. 



around Eustis's head. Who does not recall Joe Sinclair's 
dog that acted as drum major, and no human could have 
filled the position -with greater dignity. 

During the winter, the officers secured as bandmaster Mr. 
Joseph W. Kennedy, who had been at the head of the Brigade 
Band of Boston, as well as leader of the band of the Twelfth 



The Regimental Band. 251 

Massachusetts. Coming to us with a generous supply of new 
music, we improved rapidly under his instructions, and the 
" McClellan Quick Step " soon became our masterpiece. We 
were delighted when told that we were to serenade General 
Foster, and I, for one, can never forget that night. We arrived 
at his headquarters about 9 o'clock, lighted our lanterns 
and proceeded with the concert. After a time we were invited 
into the dining-room for refreshments. On entering the room, 
we found the table laden with crackers, cheese and sardines; 
in the centre of the table was a ten-quart pail, filled with a 
liquid, steaming hot and provided with plenty of tin dippers. 
I was from the country, a hayseed of the first magnitude, 
had never heard of " hot whiskey punch." Seeing the lemons 
in the liquid, I asked what it was. Joe Parker said, " Hot 
lemonade! Have some, Henry!" So filhng a pint dipper, I 
soon disposed of it, and then helped myself to a genteel 
sufficiency of the edibles. By the time the repast was finished 
I was becoming quite "voluminous." Before leaving the room, 
I was induced to take a second drink, being told it would do 
me good, since the night was cold and chilly. 

Before leaving headquarters, I forgot my instrument, in 
place of which I had a lighted lantern in each hand. Passing 
through Pollock Street, I had never seen the elm trees so thick. 
They seemed like soldiers on parade. About that time, I was 
too numerous to mention. I could have met, without a 
quaver, the whole rebel army that night, thus ending the war 
there and then. What a narrow escape it was; there would 
have been no Pickett's charge at Gettysburg; no Grant at 
Appomattox! But I saw no rebels that night. I did not even 
see my captain, who was officer of the day, as I passed in at 
the guard tent, going directly to my quarters. 

The following morning, one member of the band was absent 
at guard-mount. During the forenoon, I became conscious 
that some one was trying to waken me. Opening my eyes 
as best I could, I beheld my captain, who said he thought I 



252 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

must have had quite a time last night. I rephed that I was 
not quite sure what I did have. I had heard of a man's 
having a swelled head, and for once I was it. I was excused 
from dut>' until my head had reached its usual size, and I may- 
add that, from that day to this (1910), I have had no deahngs 
with " hot lemonade." 

Everybody remembers the trip home, especially the concert 
given as we sailed into Boston harljor. All went well until 
we played " Home, Sweet Home," when the big dog of 
Company F joined in the chorus. The tones he uttered were 
not heavenly, yet were they unearthly. It was a self-evident 
fact that the dog preferred to remain at the seat of war. What 
a reception we received when we landed. We did our very 
best that day, and many were the compliments we received 
from Boston musicians who listened to us. Bandmaster 
Kennedy remarked many times in later years that that day 
was one long to be remembered. This I can say after an 
experience of forty-two years in the best bands and orchestras 
in this country, that the members of the regiment have every 
reason to be satisfied with the music furnished by the little 
band of sixteen men. 



Subsequent to his service in the band of the Fifth, Weston 
held a like position in the band of the Second Brigade, First 
Division, Second Army Corps, and was finally transferred to 
the Sixteenth Company, Second Battalion, V. R. C, and was 
stationed at Lincoln General Hospital, Washington, D. C, 
to the close of the war. 

By way of explanation, it should be added that an order 
of the War Department, late in the summer of 1862, had 
decreed the discharge of all regimental bands, and that was 
how Leader Kennedy became available for the enlisted band 
of the Fifth. His salary and expenses were borne by a tax 
levied on the officers, and whatever other expense the band 
incurred was met in the same manner. The men belonging 



July 14, '63. Draft Riot. 253 

to the band and to the regiment at the same time, discharged 
their respective duties in their companies as well as those of 
band membership. 

Joe Sinclair callt'd his dog Fido, but the " boys " all called 
him " Major " because of the graceful manner in which he 
discharged the duties of Drum Major. Of imported Scotch- 
terrier stock, he came into Sinclair's possession two weeks 
before the latter enlisted. Dog and master went to Prospect 
Hill and they were there two weeks; and on the march to Bos- 
ton, on the way to Camp Wenham, Fido was lost, but he found 
his way back to his Cambridge home before midnight, the most 
tired canine in the city. When Sinclair went back to Wenham 
from a brief furlough home, Fido went with him and accom- 
panied him and the regiment to North Carolina. He was a 
good forager, and many were the chickens that he caught 
and brought to his hungry master. He knew his place ahead 
of the band, countermarched, and always kept his distance. 
Fond of the water and a good swimmer, he gave the boys no 
end of fun. When the vessel bringing the regiment home 
reached the harbor, Mrs. Sinclair went out in a boat to greet 
her husband, and he unchaining the dog, till then attached to 
his friend, placed the animal at the rail, whence, seeing his 
mistress, he leaped into the water and swam to the side of the 
small boat, was taken in and no persuasion could coax him 
back. He survived his return from the front seventeen years. 

DRAFT RIOT. 

The Fifth Regiment had hardly more than reached home 
when necessity brought on the infliction which the enlistments 
of the midsummer of 1862 had averted, viz., the draft. The 
" may " of the former year had now become " must, " and 
the volunteers reached Massachusetts to find widespread 
discontent regarding compulsory service in the army. Men 
had been drafted, and those who did not respond otherwise, 
had to be personally notified. It was in the afternoon of 



254 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

July 14th that two assistant provost-marshals were serving 
notices on men who had been drafted, and who lived in rather 
disreputable quarters at the north end of Boston, when they 
were suddenly- assaulted by a woman whose husband was 
among the conscripts. The cries of this infuriated woman, 
as if by a preconcerted signal, drew an immense throng, 
principally of women, so large that it completely choked the 
narrow streets in the vicinity of the Boston Gas Light Com- 
pany's works. The officers fled for their lives and the local 
patrolmen who came to their rescue were beaten almost to 
death. At this very time the terrible Draft Riot of New 
York city was in progress, whereby troops were ordered up 
from the very seat of war. Fortunately Boston was able 
to dispose of her own troubles, and the returned militia with 
the local police were sufficient for the emergency. 

The whole north end of the city was in a state of revolt. 
Men had taken the places of women in the mob, and there 
were indications of organization among these people with 
special reference to the resistance of conscription, the outbreak 
b}^ the women being uxexpected and precipitous. The call of 
the Governor for the assembling of the miUtia was on the 14th, 
and the response was immediate, and great credit attaches 
to the nine months' regiments because of their readiness to 
serve in this trying moment. Of the Fifth, Companies A, B, 
D, F and H were represented more or less. There was a 
single company of the Sixth; the Forty-fourth and the Forty- 
fifth are included as regiments and all did willingly whatever 
duty was assigned them. But the brunt of the work came 
on the Eleventh Battery, Capt. E. J. Jones, which from its 
Cooper Street Armory, in the evening of the 15th, fired a 
single charge of canister into the mob that beset its quarters, 
threatening their destruction. That one shot was enough, 
though the extent of carnage wrought thereby will never be 
known. There were no burial returns and the lawless masses, 
convinced that a hand of iron was wielding the long unsheathed 
sword, borne on the escutcheon of the Commonwealth, melted 



The Newbern Monument. 255 

away. While the volunteers continued their tour of duty 
some days, there was no further overt act against the peace 
and order of the city. 

The particular duty assigned to those of the Fifth who 
responded to the call was performed in Watertown, where 
they kept special vigils over all roads leading to the arsenal, 
work that was more responsible than might at first appear, 
since the arms stored there would be the immediate quest of 
a mob, should one be aroused. At least one member of the 
regiment, Mitchell of (B), Somerville, performed his task by 
proxy, for, sick in bed at the time, his brother donned the 
uniform, carried George E.'s gun and walked the beat, just 
as though he were a veteran. 

Adjutant General Schouler, in his General Order No. 20, 
dated August 3d, 1863, by the direction of the Governor, 
extended the thanks of the Commonwealth to the several 
organizations (enumerating them) for their discharge of the 
" delicate and arduous duties assigned them." Though the 
service was not fraught with serious labors, long marches 
nor heavy fighting, yet the citizen soldiery once more proved 
the value of its existence, and through them Massachusetts 
was again put and kept in the ranks of the well disposed. 

THE NEWBERN MONUMENT. 

In keeping with the custom begun at Gettysburg of erect- 
ing monuments to the memory of Massachusetts dead in the 
national cemeteries, the Legislature of 1907 passed a re- 
solve providing for such a memorial in Newbern. This re- 
solve was approved by the Governor March 22d of that year. 
The sum thus appropriated was $5000, to which was added 
a further sum of $4000 by a resolve, approved March 23d, 
1908. The plan to thus honor Massachusetts dead in North 
Carolina had its inception in the mind of Jos. E. Shaw, chief 
of the District Police of the Commonwealth. A veteran of the 
Seventeenth Volunteer Infantry, who had served in this de- 



256 Fifth Regiment, 'SI. V. M., Nine Months. 




NEWBERN MONUMENT. 



The Newbern Monument. 257 

partment, when visiting North CaroUna in the early fall of 
1906 he went through the home of the Union dead in Newbern. 
Here the thought took shape in his mind and on his return 
to the Bay State he took up the matter in earnest. 

Among those to whom he introduced the subject were Gen- 
eral Jones Frankle, late Colonel of the Second Heavy Artil- 
lery, and Major Charles B. Amory of the Twenty-fourth In- 
fantry, a brother of General T. J. C. Amory who had died in 
Newbern during the war. The project met immediate favor, 
resulting as already stated. Comrade Shaw, the originator of 
the plan, died the April after the passage of the resolve, hence 
his name does not appear among those to whom was committed 
the execution of the legislation. A design for the monument, 
submitted by Comrade Melzar H. Mosman of Chicopee, and 
a veteran of the Forty-sixth Massachusetts Infantry, was ac- 
cepted by the Commission appointed by the Governor. The 
monument as completed has a base seven feet square, a second 
base five feet square and a die three feet six inches square ; the 
whole, six feet high, made of hammered granite. The base and 
die are suitably inscribed; the bronze tablet bears the words, 
" The Commonwealth of Massachusetts Erects this Monu- 
ment in Grateful Memory of her Soldiers and Sailors who Died 
in the Department of North Carolina, 1861-1865." 

Above the die is a bronze female figure clad in classic cos- 
tume, her head crowned with a wreath of laurel, representing 
Peace. Her left arm rests on a pedestal and supports a shield 
on which is inscribed, " After Loyal Conflict, Union and 
Peace." The total height of the monument is thirteen feet. 
The formal dedication of the same came on the 11th of No- 
vember, 1908, for which purpose a large delegation had gone 
down from Massachusetts. Each one of the seven regiments 
that served in the department had two official representa- 
tives, appointed by the Governor, those from the Fifth being 
Lieutenant Edwin F. Wyer (E) and Private George E. Mitch- 
ell (B), besides Dr. Horace E. Marion (G), Horace W. and 
Ward M. Otis, both of K, George E. Marsh (C), George W. 
17 



258 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

Nason (I of the three months' service) and Henry G. Weston 
(G), who carried the colors for the official party. 

Owing to illness. Governor Curtis Guild, Jr., was unable to 
accompany the party, his place being taken by President 
William D. Chappie of the Senate. In addition to those named 
above, there was a very large representation from Massa- 
chusetts of both sexes, who improved the opportunity to 
visit scenes so long noted in history-, and so far did the city of 
Xewbern enter into the spirit of the day that all business was 
suspended and there was a general outpouring of city and 
country to witness the ceremonies, which were very impressive. 
In the ranks which were formed to proceed to the cemetery, 
there marched a number of men who had fought under the 
Stars and Bars, yet were ready now to salute the Flag of the 
Free as heartily as those who had never done otherwise. School 
children surrounded the monument, and hard by was a com- 
pany of North Carolina National Guard, clad in khaki uni- 
forms. Among the songs sung by the children were " The 
Star Spangled Banner " and " The Blue and the Gray." 
General Frankle as chairman of the general committee called 
the assembly to order and introduced Chaplain Edward H. 
Hall, D.D. (Forty-fourth), who offered prayer; then Sculptor 
Mosman arose and formally turned over to Chairman Frankle 
the product of his genius and skill. At this moment the 
strings confining the flags enclosing the monument were 
loosed by Miss Alice Alden Sprague, daughter of General A. B. 
R. Sprague (Fifty-first and Second Heavj* Artillery), assisted 
by Mrs. Laura A. Dugan, daughter of General T. J. C. Amory 
(Seventeenth), and Mrs. J. L. Hartsfield, the daughter of a 
Confederate veteran, and the flags falling away revealed the 
memorial in all its beauty. A letter from Governor Guild was 
read bj^ General Frankle, after which President Chappie of the 
State Senate spoke in place of the Governor. Sergeant Reeves, 
the officer in charge of the cemetery, accepted the monument 
thus intrusted to his care and keeping. The orator of the day 
was .Judge A. A. Putnam, a lieutenant in war-time of the Sec- 



Old Scenes Revisited. 259 

ond Heavy Artillery, and his address was replete with the elo- 
quence for which he was noted. It is worthy of notice that 
Mrs. Dugan, who assisted in the unveiling, was born in New- 
bern and was a babe in arms when her parents died of small- 
pox. At first she was in charge of Colonel Frankle, until she 
could be sent north to her Boston grandparents, with whom 
she abode until, formally adopted by her uncle, Major Chas. 
B. Amory of the Twenty-fourth, she became a resident of New 
Orleans, where she eventually married. Nothing could have 
been more cordial than the reception accorded the northern 
people who visited Newbern on their commemorative errand. 
There were receptions of the most enthusiastic character, in 
which Confederates and Federals joined most heartily, and 
as a token of the appreciation of the northern visitors, they 
sent back from Boston to the Daughters of the Confederacy 
in Newbern, a magnificent punch-bowl, with the hope and ex- 
pectation that the same would still further contribute to the 
good fellowship established by the events attending the dedi- 
cation of the Union monument. 

OLD SCENES REVISITED. 

By George E. Mitchell, Co. B. 

Our first business on reaching Goldsboro was to secure trans- 
portation to the battle-field. The gentlemanly livery-stable 
keeper and the curious ones who gathered round, taking in the 
situation and knowing us to be " Yanks," proved to be old 
Confederate soldiers who had sturdily resisted our coming in 



*To revisit an old battle-field is, as a rule, one of the greatest pleasures 
possible to the veteran. The writer of this interesting sketch, together 
with comrades of the same company, viz., Charles E. Davis, James H. 
Dillaway, Henry E. Gilson and George W. Maynard, left Boston, February 
loth, 1889, for a trip to the North Carolina territory, connected with the 
nine months' service of the Fifth, M. V. M. Their route was via Stonington 
and the Sound to New York, thence by rail to Baltimore, wheie a steamer 
was taken to Portsmouth, Va., where Sunday, the 17th, was spent, reach- 
ing Goldsboro, by way of Weldon, Monday morning. Thereafter Mr. 
Mitchell tells his own story, the same having be?n printed in the Somerville 
Journal, March 30, 1889.— A. S. R. 



260 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

1862. They now cordially greeted us and with a hearty grip 
of the hand made the honest statement, " Boys, the war is 
over and we are right glad to see you." We were earnestly en- 
treated to stay and accept their hospitalities, but time would 
not permit. We secured a three-seated carriage and a pair of 
horses for our ride, and a single carriage for our baggage and 
quartermaster's stores, and with the writer for driver, respond- 
ing to the word, " Forward," we left for the Goldsboro battle- 
field, about three miles away. 

We go by the river road and soon cross the old county 
bridge, coming in sight of the Wilmington & Weldon Rail- 
road, where it crosses the river and over which is the covered 
bridge which was burned by the Union troops December 17, 
1862. Before crossing we see the railroad; we see the ruins of 
heavy breastworks and two forts that the rebels had erected 
and maintained. They were built after the battle, and had 
we tried again during the war to visit Goldsboro, no doubt 
we should have received a warm reception. But to return to 
my story. The county road now crosses the railroad and runs 
through the centre of the old battle-field. Desiring to view the 
field from the same direction as that taken in '62, we drove to 
the rear and to the mill which, so many old boj's will remember, 
was ])urned the day of the fight. The mill-dam being de- 
stroyed, near the close of that fateful day, the escaping waters 
almost cut off our escape from the field. 

Here we took as guide J. A. Moore, son of the proprietor 
of the mill in battle days, and who, a lad of thirteen years 
then, at least heard the fight from his home. Under his lead 
we passed over the field, by the ruins of the old cotton-gin, on 
and over the brook, up the hill, and here we got the same view 
of the field that we had in '62. We stand on the ridge where 
then we supported Belger's Rhode Island Battery. Here it 
was that, raked by rebel grape and canister, we lay upon the 
ground until the guns of the enemy were silenced by those of 
Belger and whence, also, we saw later the triple charge of the 
rebels on our lines, resulting so disastrously to them. Here we 



Old Scenes Revisited. 261 

picked up minie-balls as mementoes of the long ago day. 

After dinner we started for Whitehall through the pine 
woods and through swamps and by the camp ground which 
we occupied the night after our retreat from Goldsboro. 
After riding a while we walked the old road again and rehearsed 
the times of old. What memories were ours as we marched 
over General Foster's route! We found the roads just as soft 
and sandy, the swamps as deep as of yore, and 1862 seemed but 
yesterday. We made the pine woods ring with the melody of 
old war songs, and many a veteran Confederate planter stood 
still by his plow and regarded us with astonishment as he 
heard the war-time melodies of the Yankee soldiers. Though 
he recognized them he none the less greeted us most heartily, 
evidentl}^ pleased at meeting Massachusetts men once more. 
We reached the village of Whitehall at sunset. Though the 
village was destroyed by the Federals in '62, it has been 
rebuilt since and looks to-day substantially as it did on that 
bright December day when Foster drove the rebels out and 
burned the Confederate gunboat then building by the river's 
side. On account of the discovery of a number of medicinal 
springs on the outskirts of the village, it is now known as 
Seven Springs, and a large hotel has been erected near for the 
accommodation of northern people who come here for 
remedial purposes. 

Our arrival was soon heralded through the hamlet and we 
became the centre of attraction. There being no hotel here, 
Corporal Davis suggested that we secure the little town hall 
as barracks, but the good people of the village would not have 
it thus and we were freely offered the best the town afforded. 
Quartered upon Postmaster Simmons we found him the most 
genial of hosts, so anxious to do his best for us that he drove 
three miles to a plantation to secure the services of a noted 
colored cook to prepare our food. She served us admirably, 
and during our stay the old Confeds seemed to think nothing 
too good for us. Nearly every one in the village called on us, 
the most prominent in the number being Colonel George H. 



262 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

Whitfield, the proprietor of the medicinal springs, and a large 
planter besides. He served in the Quartermaster's department 
during the war, and his house, standing on the outskirts of the 
town, was used by our forces as a hospital. Visiting the 
house, we found Yankee blood-stains on the floors and here 
many of our boys breathed their last. Here it was that Gilson, 
with his old time propensity for foraging, found in an adjoining 
building a bayonet that Colonel Whitfield had recently 
plowed up near the spot where men of the Forty-fourth 
Massachusetts were killed. Comrade Maynard secured an ex- 
ploded Union shell which until recently had been buried in a 
tree. Though the tree had been cut down and piled up for 
burning, the shell was not discovered until the blaze exploded it, 
after having been imbedded more than a quarter of a century. 
Colonel Whitfield and the villagers explained the positions 
of the rebel sharpshooters who annoyed us so much during the 
battle and he paid us off in full of all demands with Confederate 
scrip. The next day w^e proceeded to Kinston, whence we sent 
our transportation-train back to Goldsboro and took fresh 
horses for the trip over the Kinston field. We went out to 
Woodington Church, where the Fifth lay during the fight, in 
charge of the baggage-train. How vividly came back to us, all 
the escapades and adventures of that day in the early sixties, 
not excluding apple-j ack, this being the home of that penetrat- 
ing beverage and the far-famed scuppernong wine. The night 
was spent in Kinston and the next day we took the train for 
Newbern, passing by the rebel fort at Mosely Creek, the scene 
of the engagement May 23, 1863, w^ien we captured it; thence 
through the Gum Swamp, where we were nearly if not com- 
pletely " swamped " in our retreat; thence along to Core and 
Batchelder's Creek, both names having a decidedly familiar 
sound to our ears. We stand on the platform of the car as the 
colored brakeman, who was here in war-times, points out places 
of interest to old soldiers of the Eighteenth Corps. Here is 
the covered bridge where we passed so many days and nights 



Old Scenes Revisited. 263 

on picket; passing by Fort Rowan, the train begins to slacken 
speed and soon the trainman shouts, " Newbern! " 

It is the veritable old town with seemingly very few changes; 
its streets and houses have altered very little ; the line of breast- 
works and the forts are well preserved. The old Gaston 
house looks as imposing as ever; Masonic Hall (General Fos- 
ter's headquarters), many buildings used as hospitals then, 
and other points of interest are just the same to-day. With 
our baggage " toted " by boys of considerable color, we hasten 
to Hotel " Albert," whence we radiate in search of old-time 
scenes. Camp Peirson is sought first of all, but it seems to 
have suffered more than other fortifications, there being only 
some parts of the embankments remaining, while the camp 
and parade ground are thickly covered by the small houses 
of colored people. Still, there are some reminders of old times, 
for here is the cedar tree that stood at the end of the line offi- 
cers' tents, now in the back yard of a negro shanty. Here is 
the swamp which once divided our camp from that of the 
Twenty-fifth Massachusetts and there on the left is the one 
which held off Fort Rowan. Here was the long row of cook- 
houses, and we almost hear the welcome call, " Fall-in, Com- 
pany B, for your hardtack." Here, in fancy, we hear and see 
Captain Parker, Lieutenants Bailey and Harrington, as well as 
the manly presence of our beloved Colonel Peirson and the 
old comrades of the Somerville Light Infantry. 

Leaving the old camp with regret, we stroll over to Forts 
Rowan and Totten, both well preserved, though trees are grow- 
ing in the ditches. The view, however, from the ramparts 
reminds us of long ago. Inside the forts are growing early gar- 
den vegetables, the ventures of large planters who here start 
for northern markets such growths as are usually begun under 
glass. Where we cut away th? trees for unimpeded artillery 
sweep, now flourish fine truck-farms, one of the city's chief 
industries being the raising of early vegetables for the North. 
Next we engage the services of " Limber " Lewis and his team 
of mules for a drive out to Deep Gully. " Limber " is a colored 



264 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

gentleman who feels very proud of his war record. Veterans of 
the Fifth and the Twenty-fifth will remember him as the wag- 
oner who hauled quartermaster's stores to our respective 
camps. We pass out by Fort Totten, out over the old clearing 
into the woods, on bj' Camp Palmer, the abode of the famous 
Third New York Cavalry, by Rock Run (the inner picket 
line) and then to Deep Gully. Time has dealt gently with 
the breastworks here, the birds, snakes and hogs are as plenty 
to-day as then, and save the constant outlook for Johnnie 
Rebs up the road, Deep Gully is just as we left it. 

It was late at night when we got back to Newbern; the 
roads were very bad (whoever saw them otherwise here?), and 
" Limber's " mules were well nigh jaded out when we reached 
camp. Our driver was full of war reminiscence and we sang 
war-time songs as we journeyed cityward. On the morrow, 
strolling out to Fort Rowan and standing thereon, we looked 
across the river to Fort Anderson, recalling the events of that 
14th of March, '63, when the rebs undertook to recapture New- 
bern; also the many weary marches whose beginning was the 
crossing of the Neuse right here. Thence we visit the National 
Cemetery where lie so many Union dead, 3500 men, who lost 
their lives in North Carolina that the nation might continue 
undivided. We had expected to cross the river on leaving 
Newbern and thus to go over some of the trips made that 
way when we were younger, but owing to high water the roads 
were deemed impassable. Hence we left the city at nightfall 
by rail, and in the midst of a heavy snow-fall rode to Kinston, 
where we remained over night. The next day we rode to 
Goldsboro, whence by way of Rocky Mount we proceeded to 
Tarboro, now a bus}^ manufacturing town. Owing to the in- 
vestment of northern capital here in cotton mills, the prospects 
of the place are very bright. Our advance in this case was 
easier than that which we made under General Foster in 
November, '62. 

Boarding a steamer here, we steam fifty miles down the 
Tar River to " Little " Washington, the trip being made espe- 



Old Scenes Revisited. 265 

cially pleasant through the courtesy of the captain, an old Con- 
federate, who points out objects of interest as we float along. 
As we near Washington, we pass through mementoes of the 
siege in the shape of double piHng chained together in the 
river. Our landing is near the point we touched on our first 
trip here, the last of October, '62. Again our explorations 
reveal very little alteration; the Grist place with its remark- 
able approaches seems unchanged. Calling there we are met 
by a daughter of the elder Grist, she being only a little girl 
when we were here in '62. She made us welcome and invited 
us to go over the house, view the premises, and make ourselves 
perfectly at home. In Washington, too, we found genial old 
Dr. Gallagher, who, as soon as he learned that Union soldiers 
had arrived in town, sent his compliments and requested us 
to call at our earliest convenience and partake of his hospital- 
ity. H ? will be remembered as the doctor who stayed through 
the Federal occupation, though his sympathies were with the 
Confederacy and his sons were in the rebel army. 

One of Dr. Gallagher's sons is now a physician in the vil- 
lage, and through his kindly efforts we were able to make the 
trip to Blount's Creek by steamer. As the roads were so bad, 
we chartered a steam-tug and with the jolly doctor as a com- 
panion and guide, we sailed down the river past Hill's Point, 
where was located the battery that gave the '' Escort " such 
fiery receptions when she ran the blockade; the old earthwork 
is unchanged. Entering Blount's Creek we wind our way 
through its many devious turns, under overhanging trees, 
and at last reach the saw-mill and find ourselves just where we 
were when the attack was made in April, '63. The earth- 
works stand well preserved, and we feel that to complete the 
picture of long ago only the music of Belger's Battery is lack- 
ing. We stay as long as possible, but respond to the tug's 
whistle that we may get out of the creek by daylight. 

In Washington we go over the fortifications, none of which 
have been removed, and in one of the forts we find Washing- 
ton's Confederate monument. The next morning we leave the 



266 



Fifth Regiment, M. \'. M., Nine Months. 



place with its friends and pass put by the Grist estate and to 
Belle vue cross-roads, where Compaii}^ B was first posted on 
picket when we started away from Washington in '62 on our 
way towards Rawle's ]\Iills. It was here that we had our 
first, not dress, but rather our undress parade when we made 
ready to cross that wide and deep mill-stream. We re-enter 
Williamston and spend the night; the villagers, though former 
Confederates, are the soul of hospitality and cheerfully take 
us to spots that we recall. Though we had purposed going 
hence to Plymouth, we were del:)arred by the floods, so by rail 
we went to Weldon, and from that point we made our way 
northward and homeward. 




- ^'■^■"7.((zy/y^/,^/y'iv'//, 



^/^a. 



'^ 






Old Scenes Revisited. 



267 




268 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 




MAJOR WILLIAM T. GRAMMER. 



THE ONE HUNDRED DAYS' SERVICE. 
Preliminary. 

The coming of General Grant out of the West Uke another 
Lochinvar, in the spring of '64, had wrought many changes in 
the surroundings of Washington, the capital city. It was early 
seen, in the very dawning of the strife, that the capital must 
be held at all hazards. Under the direction of skillful engineers 
men in blue had labored diligently, if not always willingly, until 
immense fortifications to the number of sixty-eight batteries 
and forts crowned every hill and knoll and guarded every 
approach to Washington on both sides of the Potomac. Fort 
Ellsworth, one of the largest of the defenses, the Fifth had 
helped build in '61 ; the perimeter of the space inclosed by these 
works was more than thirty-seven miles; that of the forts them- 
selves, thirteen; there were twenty miles of rifle-pits and three 
block-houses, besides ninety-three unarmed batteries for field- 
guns having 401 emplacements. The forts themselves had 
1120 emplacements with 807 guns and 93 mortars actually in 
position. There were thirty-two miles of military roads besides 
the existing streets and avenues of the District by which com- 
munication could be had from point to point. To man these 
earthworks, so formidable and so necessary, there were many 
regiments of Heavy Artillery enlisted especially from the East- 
ern and Middle States. They were well drilled in the use of 
heavy and light guns, as well as being proficient in all parts of 
infantry drill and tactics. 

When Grant was gathering his mighty hosts for the death- 
grapple with Rebellion, he saw these magnificently arrayed men 
within the defenses, and recognizing their value to the battle- 
line, so soon to be flung against the army of Lee, he ordered 
every regiment to the front. Leaving their artillery, heavy and 
light, behind them and shouldering their muskets, these 40,000 
fresh soldiers marched out to the reinforcement of the Army of 



270 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

the Potomac, just bestirring itself from its winter at Brandy 
Station and already looking at the waters of the Rapidan, 
beyond which lay the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, 
Petersburg and Appomattox. It was a motley company into 
whose keeping the carefully built and ecjuipped forts were en- 
trusted. The new General-in-Chief knew little and apparently 
cared less about the dangers to which this procedure exposed 
the President, his advisers and the National Government. The 
perilous situation became evident in the following July, when 
Jubal Early and his following knocked fiercely at die gates of 
the capital guarded by Fort Stevens. The nine hours' halt at 
the Monocacy, July 9th, where Lew Wallace and his less than 
a single division of the Sixth Corps, with a few Maryland Home 
Guards and others, had held the rebels until the remaining 
wearers of the Greek Cross could reach Washington from City 
Point, just saved the city. So near did the capital come to 
falling a prey to the enemy! Fear and consternation seized the 
dwellers within the District of Columbia, and how earnestly 
they sighed for the disciplined soldiers who had constructed 
and once manned these frowning l;)attlements. It was in such 
times as these when the Army of the Potomac was enfolding 
Peters})urg within its terrible eml)race and endeavoring so to 
hold the attention and strength of Lee, that there might be no 
more detaching of troops for assailing the capital that the 100 
Days' ]\Ien were summoned from Massachusetts and elsewhere. 
The beginning of Grant's campaign, early in 1864, strained 
the resources of the Government as they had not been tested 
before. The straits in which the authorities found themselves 
were realized by some of the war governors who proffered ready 
aid thus: " On the 21st day of April, 1864, Governors Brough 
(Ohio), Morton (Indiana), Yates (Illinois), Stone (Iowa) and 
Lewis (Wisconsin) made an offer to the President to the follow- 
ing effect: that these states should furnish in the aggregate 
85,000 troops for 100 days, Ohio to send 30,000: Indiana and Illi- 
nois, 20,000 each: Iowa, 10,000, and Wisconsin, 5,000. The 
whole number was to be furnished within twenty days; thej^ 



Preliminary. 271 

were to be armed, equipped and transported as other troops, 
but no bounty was to be paid nor was any credit to be given on 
any draft. After full conference between the President and 
General Grant, the President accepted the offer arid inside of four 
weeks Ohio organized and placed in the field 35,646 officers 
and men, largely exceeding the stipulated quota. The other 
states contributed with proportionate alacrity. These troops 
did important service in the campaign; they supplied garrisons 
and held posts for which experienced troops would be required 
and the latter were relieved so as to join the armies in the 
field." (Secretary Stanton, Rebellion Records, Series III, 
Vol. IV, p. 534.) 

The terms for which these men were mustered would ter- 
minate in mid-summer, moreover the enlistments of thousands 
of three-years' troops were up at al)Out the same time, hence 
all the more need of immediate reinforcement. To this end, 
early in July, Governor Andrew wrote to the War Department 
offering volunteers from Massachusetts for the term of 100 
days, with the single restriction that they should be exempt 
from draft during that period. To this letter the reply of Pro- 
vost Marshal-general Jas. B. Fry bears date, July 5, '64, and 
is to the efTect that the Secretary of War accepts the offer on 
the terms named, and requests the sending on of 4000 infantry 
at the earliest practicable moment. Apparently the Governor 
was in Washington at the time, since in the same letter he is 
requested to call at General Fry's office at 10 a.m. the follow- 
ing day. His own letter to Adjutant-general Schouler and to 
his private clerk. Colonel Browne, is also dated the 5th, and 
therein he states that Secretary Stanton desires 5000 1 00-day s' 
volunteers from Massachusetts to garrison fortifications in 
Washington. " Get our fort companies to volunteer immedi- 
ately for 100 days if possible, and begin new companies addi- 
tional. Issue an order and set the work going vigorously. Let 
all my staff make every effort." 



272 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 



COMPANIES. 

No other positive evidence of the manner of ordering out 
the mihtia for active service than the foregoing can be found, 
excepting the President's call, July 18, 1864, for 500,000 men. 
Possibly there were orders from the State House and prelimi- 
nary meetings of the several companies, but if so, the records 
are not accessible. However, it appears that companies from 
Chariest own, Somerville, Woburn, Peabody and Hudson that 
had been in the nine-months' service responded to a call, and 
others from Boston, Marlboro and Stoneham also appeared. 
The companies, places and captains were as follows: — 

Company A, Boston, Captain George H. Homer, 
Company B, Somerville, Captain John N. Coffin, 
Company C, So. Dan vers (Peabody), Captain Geo. F. Barnes, 
Company D, Charlestown, Captain George H. Marden, Jr., 
Company E, Marlboro, Captain David L. Brown, 
Company F, Boston, Captain Philip J. Cootey, 
Company G, Woburn, Captain Charles S. Converse, 
Company H, Charlestown, Captain Daniel W. Davis, 
Company I, Marlboro (Hudson), Captain Andrew A. Powers, 
Company K, Stoneham, Captain Francis M. Sweetser. 

Practically all of the field officers and a considerable part 
of the line had seen service in recent campaigns, while in the 
rank and file were men who had served faithfully in former 
years. At the same time, examination of the roster will show 
that the majority of the men were very j^oung, many of them 
below the draft age, though they may have given their ages 
as eighteen, an exhibition of lapse from truth that the recording 
angel, we hope, overlooked. The alleged danger of Washington, 
the reputation of the regiment, acquired in its two former 
terms of service, rendered the filling of the old and the enlisting 
of the new companies a very easy task, and the reporting at 
the Readville rendezvous began at once. There the men 



Companies. 273 

found little more time than to receive uniforms, arms and 
equipments before they were ordered away. Colonel George 
H. Peirson, who had so efficiently led the Fifth in the North 
Carolina campaign, was still at the head of the regiment, 
supported by W. E. C. Worcester as Heutenant-colonel, 
Wm. T. Grammer major, and Edwin F. Wyer adjutant. 

There were some items of enlistments that deserve more 
than passing mention; thus while Company A was from 
South Boston, it had a squad of seven or eight boys from 
Cape Cod who had come to Boston on soldiering bent. For 
fully two weeks they had hung around the citj^ with hojies of 
getting in somewhere. The South Boston compan^^ was their 
chance, for Captain Homer was in a hurr}' to raise his requisite 
numljer. The Captain sent the Cape Codders to Readville. 
The most of the boys were undersized, so it was lucky for 
them and history that they reached the place after dark. 
They were told to be ready for muster that evening. Not 
wishing to leave any chance for being rejected, the lads made 
haste to increase their respective bulks by recourse to the hay 
bedding that was furnished the barracks, and judicious 
stuffing rounded out their boyish forms in good shape. Recjui- 
site stature was attained by stuffing the toes of their boots 
with hay, thus uplifting their heels a couple of inches; in this 
way the eye of the mustering officer was deceived and the 
most of the boys passed muster. The Charlestown companies, 
D and H, reported on July 13th and 14th respectively. A 
veteran of the former company says, " We started in citizen's 
garb, each man with a box or bundle under his arm, some with 
bunches on their hips, all of us as jolly as we could be." It is 
stated that in Companies E and I there were a dozen men 
from Stow descended from soldiers of the Revolution, in which 
struggle the good old town had a company of seventy-seven 
men. 

Those companies and men that arrived in time were put 
through all the drill possible before the time of leaving, but 
with some it was just come and go, and there is no long story 
18 



274 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., Oxe Hundred Days. 

of hilarious life at Camp Meigs, named after Major-general 
Montgomery J. Meigs, Quartermaster-general of the army. 
The Boston Transcript, commenting on the general appearance 
of the regiment, said: " Although many of the members are 
quite young, it is doubtful if a more soldierly, enthusiastic 
or finer looking company has left Boston since the war began." 
The impending draft was arousing apprehensions in the 
minds of man}', and the funny man of the day imputes the 
following refrain to one of the nearly" " scared-to-death " 
fellows: 

'■ Another draft! ah, woe is me, pray tell me how I can 
Escape the call, and how it chanced that I was born a man? 
I know I am not fit to serve, I don't think war is right; 
For I'm a coward and poltroon, and I don't want to fight." 



DEPARTURE. 

The dates of muster-in range from the 16th of July to the 
2Sth, on which day the regiment departed for the south, 
leaving in so great a hurrj' that certain men absent on leave, 
with no expectation of such hurried departure, were left behind, 
and they had to reach their organization bj' their own wits, 
no one desiring the reputation of a deserter. Colonel Peirson 
himself barelj^ reached Readville in time to depart with his 
men, they being in the very act of embarking on the train. 
There had been little time to prepare cooked rations before 
starting, and as there was no chance to make coffee on the 
cars, the commissary outlook was far from alluring to some. 
One informant says his company had hardtack and corned 
beef. The cars upon which the regiment was loaded were 
open platform, Avith temporary seats arranged, and being 
crowded at that, the ride to Providence might have been 
more enjoyable than it really was. There a boat was taken 
for New York city, and the trip down the Sound lacked manj^ 
features of a holiday excursion, though fun and dancing on 
its main deck were in constant evidence. On reaching its 



Departure. 



275 



destination fern^boats were taken for South Amboy, N. J. 

On leaving New York, the morning of the 29th, rations of 
hardtack and bologna sausage were given out; the former 
proved all right, but the latter was so aged that the most of it 
was thrown overboard to the fishes. From South Amboy, 
cars were taken to Camden, the train going in two sections, 
about ten minutes apart. Frequent stops were made through 
the State, and enthusiastic receptions were accorded the 
Massachusetts boj^s, with liberal supplies of food. Camden 
was reached at 4 p.m., and the Delaware was crossed by ferry, 
whence the regiment marched to the places where generous 



r-\ 




Philadelphia, throughout the war, extended lavish hospitality. 
Whether the same was dispensed at the Cooper Shop or the 
Volunteer Refreshment Saloon, it was all the same, and always 
absolutely free. That veteran who ever dined here must have 
lost his memory if his heart does not glow with pleasure at 
the thought of what the City of Brotherly Love did for him 
and his comrades as they, on their way to the front or home- 
ward bound, tasted what the name of Pennsylvania's chief 
city means. 



276 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

The march through Philadelphia was accompanied by 
enthusiastic cheering and the waving of flags, the populace, 
apparently, never tiring of seeing the vast numbers of volun- 
teers who, first and last, made the streets of the famed cit)' a 
small part of their route towards the south. At the Baltimore 
station, the regiment found itself confronted with a train of 
cattle-cars for its conveyance to the Monumental City, and 
six companies did thus ride southward, while the remaining 
four were comfortably seated in regular passenger coaches. 
The morning of Saturday, the 30th, revealed Maryland's 
metropolis, and breakfast was secured at the Soldiers' Rest, 
the quahty of the same being in marked contrast to the supper 
in Philadelphia. However, healthy men do not starve when 
supplied with a sufficient amount of hardtack, corned beef 
and coffee. All along, the soldiers had supposed that Washing- 
ton and its forts were their ultimate destination. Some 
members of the regiment had hurried thither three years 
before and they had grown to think they might have a chance 
to save the capital again. 

BALTIMORE. 

However, it appeared that Baltimore had need of these 
men from the Bay State, and here they were retained. Though 
all of the rebel brag, bluster and bravado of 1861 had disap- 
peared and the city was on its good behavior, there was need 
of a numerous assemblage of " Boys in Blue," so here the Fifth 
was halted. It was about 11 a.m. when the line was reformed 
and the march begun which ended at Mankin's Woods, a 
point possibly five miles outside of the city proper. The day 
was extremely hot, and this trip through and out of Baltimore 
was made when the sun was highest and hottest. The result 
can be foreseen readily: there were sun-strokes and a demoral- 
ization not unexpected, considering the inexperience of the 
men. Some officers, considerate of their charge, had secured 



Baltimore. 277 

transportation for the baggage of their men, but this did not 
apply to many who had to carry all their luggage with them, 
and they suffered accordingly. Some men thus early learned 
that it was easier to carry the essentials of a march rolled up 
in their blankets rather than retain their knapsacks, throwing 
the latter away, though at the very best the march was 
exceedingly trying. 

Mankin's Woods proved to be the abode of the regiment 
for several weeks, and cUligent effort was made to produce 
uniform action among the men, to very many of whom a gun 
was an entirely unknow^n weapon and, until the present, they 
had learned only the simplest rudiments of drill. It was the 
boast of the State that unexampled activity had been shown 
in reaching the south, yet there were those toiling under a 
Maryland August sun who questioned at least one word in 
the general statement current at the time, viz., that Massa- 
chusetts had raised, armed, equipped, drilled and sent to the 
field 5000 men in twenty-five days, thanks to the efficient 
manner in which Governor Andrew kept the militia. Too 
much emphasis had been put on the word " drilled." As a 
matter of fact a large number of these " Boys in Blue " had 
been boys in school up to the close of the same, early in July, 
and parental consent had been secured to enable them to be 
the soldiers that Colonel Peirson and his officers were making. 

" Mankin's Woods was an ideal spot for a military camp: 
high and dry ground, heavily wooded, with springs of good 
water and a stream near by for bathing." Apparently 
the conditions, so finely set forth, exist to-day and no doubt 
account for the fact that the famous Johns Hopkins Hospital 
is situated near the site of the Fifth's first camp. Says one 
eloquent observer: " Surely our lines had fallen in pleasant 
places, and we hugged to ourselves the delusive thought that 
we had a goodly heritage." However delightful the surround- 
ings, there was no delay for recuperation, since on the next 
day, July 31, there was a grand review of all the troops en- 
camped in the vicinity, an early introduction to the Third 



278 Fifth Regiment. M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

Separate Brigade, Brigadier-general Henrj^ H. Lockwood, 
one of the many brigades making up the Eighth Army Corps, 
commanded at this time by Major-general Lew Wallace. 
The day proved to be exceedingly hot, 103'' F. in the shade, 
so said, and as a result heat prostrations were numerous. 
Men right out of offices, stores and workshops were far from 
being acclimated, and they wilted easily. Company G 
suffered particularly, Surgeon Treadwell pronouncing some 
of the cases the worst he had ever seen. Another serious 
feature was the fact that he was entirely lacking in hospital 
supplies and was unable to get from the Baltimore dispensarj^ 
the brandy for which he had made a requisition. On appealing 
to the officers, he found one who acknowledged having a 
bottle which he said had been given to him by a friend in 
Readville, and this he would gladly contribute. The surgeon 
was profuse in his thanks, and said he would surely make good 
the loan when his demand on the local source of supplies was 
recognized. The officer long since made up his mind that the 
requisition was never honored, for the debt remains unpaid 
until this day. 

Throughout the loyal portions of the country, August 4, 
Thursday, was observed as a day of fasting and prayer by 
Proclamation of the President, to the end that " God in His 
infinite goodness might soften the hearts, enlighten the minds 
and quicken the consciences of those in rebellion, that they 
may lay down their arms and speedilj' return to their allegiance 
to the United States, that they may not be utterly destroyed, 
that the effusion of blood may be stayed, and that unity and 
fraternity may be restored, and peace established throughout 
our borders." While folks at home could repair to churches 
for worship, to soldiers in the field, the weapons to secure the 
objects prayed for, there was not so much variation in daily 
duties. 

Exactness in dates does not seem to be a characteristic of 
these days, rather do we find " about this time " of frequent 
recurrence. However, it is probable that the beautiful view 



Baltimore. 279 

of Baltimore and the salubrious air of Mankin's Woods were 
enjoyed for nearly or quite two weeks when there came an 
order directing Colonel Peirson to report with his command 
to Gen. W. W. Morris at Fort McHenry. Somehow the idea 
again became prevalent that Washington was the real destina- 
tion of the Fifth, and rather than put the regiment to the 
fatigue of the long march, the kind and careful Colonel, on 
reaching the city, sent his Adjutant ahead to report to the 
General and ascertain if he had any further commands. 
Though the start from the camp had been made late in the 
afternoon, mid-August weather w^as not likely to be very cool, 
and the men, under their heavy burdens of outfit and camp 
equipage, suffered not a little, so that straggling became 
common before the end of the march. 

Adjutant Wyer obeyed the order of the Colonel and rode 
forward to the fort, and being ushered into the presence of 
General Morris, after saluting, said, " Colonel Peirson of the 
Fifth Massachusetts Infantry presents his compliments and 
desires to know if you wish him to report in person with his 
command, or have you other directions for him? " To this 
statement, the General, who was a fine representative of the 
old school of officers, replied, " Tell your Colonel to report 
at once with his command." As the Adjutant turned to 
depart, the General resumed, " Leftenant, what sort of a 
regiment is yours? " The " Leftenant " was not slow in replying: 
" Like all Massachusetts regiments, a good one." " What 
part of the State was it recruited from? " Ans., " Boston 
and vicinity." " Are there, among the officers, any liberally 
educated men? " Ans., " Yes, one captain and one first 
lieutenant." " Have you any good clarks among the enlisted 
men? " Ans., " Yes, many of them." " Have you any good 
artisans among the enlisted men, such as joiners, plasterers, 
brick-layers, whiteners, decorators? " Ans., " Yes, lots of 
them." " Tell your Colonel to report as soon as he arrives." 

It would seem that these Yankees were just the folks the 
General had been looking for, since they would be able to do 



280 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

a variety of things of which he thought himself in need. The 
garrison of the fort had consisted of four companies of regular 
artillery with the 192d (100 days) Pennsylvania, the latter to 
be relieved by the Fifth and to go at once to Ohio for duty at 
Bolton Station, opposite the mouth of the Great Kanawha 
River of West Virginia. One informant says that first night 
in the fort Avas signalized by a severe storm of rain, lightning 
and all the accompaniments of that time of the year. There 
was an abundance of water and no tents were up. When 
later the barracks in which the new comers were to be lodged 
were inspected, they were found to be in a condition quite out 
of keeping with the Massachusetts standard, having already 
more than a quota of inhabitants, not men in blue uniforms, 
but real, many-footed graybacks, as bloodthirsty as such 
parasites are wont to be. Permission to camp outside the 
fort was sought and obtained, and under shelter-tents on 
sloping ground, along the southwesterly side of the fort, 
between it and the Patapsco River, the men found shelter and 
better accommodations than the over-populous fort afforded. 
When the regiment from the Keystone State was to depart. 
Colonel Peirson was anxious that its exit should be made with 
all due military formalities and honors. Hence he had passed 
around word that the Fifth would be drawn up in line and that 
the extreme of precision and attention should be exhibited. 
The surprise, not to say disgust, of the Colonel can better be 
imagined than described when he and his regiment beheld the 
departing troops file by without the slightest acknowledgment 
of the courtesies extended. Of course the lapse was owing to 
lack of training, not to intentional impoliteness. 



Fort McHenry. 281 



FORT MCHENRY. 



Fort McHenry, where our regiment was for a time encamped, 
and in or near which some part of the Fifth remained during 
its entire service, was fragrant with history, and one of the 
members of Company D who lay down in the darkness of the 
arrival night, unknowing as to his whereabouts, rubbed his 
eyes with astonishment in the morning at the familiar 
appearance of his surroundings, until it dawned upon him that 
his sight beheld in verity what he some years before had seen 
pictured in Gleason's Pictorial as the interior of Fort McHenry 
of Baltimore. His boyish hand had copied the representation; 
so vivid had been the impression and so exact his memory, 
he recognized the place and objects at once. The fort was the 
result of an act of the Maryland Legislature in 1793, giving 
to the Federal Government the privilege of erecting a fortifica- 
tion on Whetstone Point, to which was afterwards given the 
name of Washington's Secretary of War, James McHenry, 
who, an ardent patriot of that State, had accompanied 
Washington when the latter journeyed to Cambridge in 1775 
to take command of the American Army. He died in 1816, 
three years after Francis Scott Key had immortalized the 
fortress by his " Star Spangled Banner," written while the 
British fleet, in which he was held a prisoner, was bombarding 
the fort. 

The commandant of '' McHenry," General Wm. Walton 
Morris, born in Ballston Spa., N. Y., 1801, was a West Pointer, 
1820, and had had a part in nearly everything, in a military 
way, that the country had known from that time to the begin- 
ning of the War of the Rebellion. He had fought Indians in 
Florida, had served on the Canadian frontier in 1839, won 
distinction and promotion in the Mexican War, assisted in 
quelling disturbances in Kansas, and the Rebellion found him 
a Colonel in command at Fort McHenry, whose guns it was 
his privilege to train on the rebellious Baltimoreans on the 



282 Fifth Eegiment, Al.A'.AI., One Hundred Days. 




Fort McHenry. 283 

19th of April of that year, when they were offering the reverse 
of hospitahties to the Massachusetts Sixth, thus preventing a 
continuance of their riotous behavior. His refusal to honor 
the writ issued by a Maryland judge demanding the person 
of a soldier belonging to his garrison, on the ground that the 
beginning of hostilities had suspended the habeas corpus act, 
secured for him the admiration of all loyal people. He was 
old-fashioned in his manners, pronunciation and straight- 
forwardness, and the men of the Fifth respected him fully. 
He had already been brevetted a brigadier, and later was 
similarly honored with a brevet major-general's rank in the 
U. S. Army. He died in Baltimore, December 11, 1865. 

As far as the regiment was concerned in this term of duty, 
it never got nearer Washington than Baltimore, nor Avere the 
services of the Fifth rendered as an entire organization. 
There were too manj^ points in and about the city to be looked 
after to warrant the continued presence of the whole body at 
any one place for any length of time. While Baltimore had 
become, outwardly, very calm and apparently resigned, there 
was a feeling in Federal circles that the closer and keener the 
watch over the city and her citizens, the better it would be for 
the country. There were men and women engaged in business 
who were constantly under espionage, and sometimes they 
were detected in their efforts to give aid and comfort to the 
enemy. The raid of Jubal Early in the preceding July with 
the accompanying cavalry progress of Harry W. Gilmor, the 
burning of railroad bridges, the capture of Union officers and 
other successes had inflamed the hearts of rebel sympathizers 
almost to the point of open declaration of their sentiments* 
All the time they were sending through the lines expressions 
of their devotion to the secession cause, and if a rebel officer 
blossomed out in a new uniform of gray, the probabilities 
were that it came, either made up or in the cloth, from Balti- 
more. 

Again the system of recruiting then in progress, the returning 
of paroled or exchanged prisoners to their regiments, required 



284 Fifth Regiment, 2yI.^'.AI., One Hundred Days. 

some central point of distribution. The high bounties offered 
had given an incentive to desertion and re-enlistment, thus 
giving rise to what became known as " bounty-jumping," 
and the service was afflicted with accessions, when they could 
be delivered to their respective destinations, of a large number 
of undesirable men whom a considerable force had to watch 
constantly. Just such a centre of distribution Baltimore had 
become, and to accomplish the proper rendering of recruits, 
prisoners and soldiers at the end of furloughs to their places 
was to absorb the time and services of the men of the Fifth 
for the greater part of their enlistment. Then, too, there 
were in this 1864 many Confederates, captured in the Potomac 
campaign and in that whirlwind advance of Sheridan in the 
Valley of the Shenandoah, who had to be delivered at the 
points devoted to their retention. All this time Fort McHenry 
had been the place of confinement of many citizens of Balti- 
more, to Avhom the fortification became a veritable Bastile, 
a name which the rebelliously inclined were wont to apply 
frequently. Under the battlements of the fort was found 
place for the confinement of rebel prisoners, whose safe 
keeping was also largely in the hands of the Fifth. There was 
an abundance of incident and variety in the duties to which 
the regiment was assigned, and at no time during its nominal 
presence in Baltimore was there any danger of tedium through 
lack of occupation. 

The removal of the Fifth to Fort AIcHenrj- brought about 
new brigade relations, the regiment being now in the Second 
Separate Brigade, under the command of Gen. W. W. Morris. 
It was not a very great arraj', since, aside from the Fifth, 
there were only two companies or batteries, H and K, of the 
Second U. S. Artillery. In October the name of the Ninety- 
first N. Y. Infantry appears, but even then it could not have 
been contemporary wTth the Massachusetts men a great while, 
since the latter returned home the first of November. Possibly 
the New Yorkers succeeded the Fifth. Pleased as the men 
were to find themselves assigned to the historic Fort McHenry, 



Fort McHenry. 285 

it was not for all of them to remain there long, since there were 
other fortifications to be garrisoned, so the regiment was 
apportioned out among Forts Federal Hill, Marshall and 
Carroll, leaving a portion of the men in McHenry. The 
first-named fort was the result of General Butler's occupation 
in May, '61, and the wisdom of his action was shown many 
times during the subsequent years. Placed at the terminus 
of Fell's Point, rising fully thirty feet above McHenry, it 
commanded that as well as the city itself. Laid out under the 
direction of Major Henry Brewerton of the U. S. Topographical 
Engineers and built by one of the New York Zouave (Duryea's 
Fifth) regiments, the defenses inclosed the entire crown of the 
hill. It was so arranged that the angles of the bastions, by 
means of its guns, could rake every street leading thereto. 
Fort Marshall was a strong earthwork, occupying space east 
of Patterson Park, near the centre of the city. Fort Carroll 
was built on low-lying land some eight miles down the bay and 
was notoriously unhealthful, so much so that in subsequent 
years it was roofed over and abandoned. Wherever placed, 
the duties of the men were substantially the same, viz., guard 
and escort work. 

Wherever the members of the regiment may have been 
during their Baltimore stay, it would seem that some part of 
them were at Fort McHenry all of the time. Among the 
several communications outlining the services of the Fifth 
an agreement appears as to several points, such as the presence 
of rebel prisoners and the holding of certain distinguished men 
in the inner fort, though as to the latter there is a manifest 
difference when attempts are made to name them. As a 
tarrying-place for people of alleged treasonable tendencies, 
McHenry disputed honors with the Old Capitol of Washington, 
and Forts Lafayette and Warren of New York and Boston 
respectively. Among the most distinguished who were held 
here for a while were Mayor George Wm. Brown and his Chief 
of Police, George P. Kane, of Baltimore; Harry W. Gilmor, 
also a Baltimorean, afterAvards gaining the rank of Colonel in 



286 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

the Confederate service, who as a spy was held from Septemljer, 
'62, to February, '63, and in the year 1864 he was particularly 
annoying to the Union cause, along with the raid of Early into 
Maryland. The Official Records of the Rebellion print the 
names of many who were held at the fort, but no mention is 
made of a certain quadruped that, it is claimed, was also a 
prisoner for a time. The famous trotting horse, " Flora 
Temple," long the property of Hiram Woodruff, had been 
sold in 1858 for $8000 to William McDonald, a wealthy 
citizen of Baltimore, who in 1861 had the poor judgment to 
evince rebel sympathies, and, as a consequence, his then 
fleetest steed in the world Avas confiscated in August, or an 
effort was made in this direction, and she was led off to the fort. 
It is also claimed that her owner accompanied her to the prison, 
and divided the stall with his celebrated possession. Later 
the property of Mr. A. Welsh of Philadelphia, she died De- 
cember 21, 1877, at the great age, for a horse, of more than 
thirty-two years. 

Clarence Littlefield of Company G asserts that August 14th 
three companies under Colonel Peirson, with Adjutant E. F. 
Wyer, were ordered to Fort Marshall; three more, under 
Lieutenant-colonel Worcester, went to Federal Hill; a still 
smaller detachment was sent down the bay to Fort Carroll, 
leaving, nominally, four companies at McHenry.* These with 
the two companies of regulars had to do the work, proper for 
twice that number. " The old brick storehouses are sur- 
rounded by a stockade and are filled with Confederate prison- 
ers, conscripts and substitutes." This day, the 14th, eight 
men were detailed from each company, making thirty-two 



*Frank T. Robinson, in his History of the Regiment (Boston, 1S79), 
says that Compaiues B, E and H were ordered under Colonel Peirson to 
Fo;t Marshall; Lieutenant Fowler of Company F with twenty men was at 
Fo t <^arroll; Corporal Webster of Companj- H with seven men was at the 
Lazerette Magazine; the same source of distribution assigns A, C, D, F, I 
an 1 K to Fort Federal Hill under Lieutenant-colonel Worcester, while G, 
ur,d.^r Major Grammer, was retained at McHenry. However this may 
have been at the first separation, the incidents following indicate many 
other redistributions. The loss of the regimental order books renders 
closer data impossible. 



Fort McHenry. 287 

in all, as a guard for a ])arty of 115 iH-isoners, bounty-jumpers, 
stragglers and conscripts to Alexandria. " We arrived there 
without losing a man and returned to the fort in safety." 
Confederate prisoners had to l)e taken to Point Lookout, 
the tip-end of Maryland at the mouth of the Potomac; these 
men acted as guards in getting them there. In one such trip 
the escort was surprised to find the regiment, guarding the 
enclosure, to be the Fifth Massachusetts Cavalry (colored), 
and one of that body said he had found his old master among 
the prisoners, an interesting turning of the tables. The 
acquisitive faculty is early and easily developed in the soldier, 
and when this escort found on the dock many barrels of onions 
and sweet potatoes in the great abundance of provisions 
there piled up for the use of those without as well as those 
within the stockade, cupidity was so far excited that when 
the boys went l^ack to Baltimore, a considerable quantity of 
the vegetables went with them, and the appetizing odor of 
onions about camp indicated that the suppUes were at once 
turned over to the cook. While no record of their reception 
was made, the men were none the less grateful for the chance 
to improve their health and spirits. 

It will be remembered that General Morris inquired 
earnestly as to artisans in the Fifth when the regiment reported 
for service. He soon found employment for men of nearly all 
trades represented. The old fort needed them badly, and 
soon the sound of the builder was heard as the carpenters and 
masons all but made over the chapel, barracks and other parts 
of the fort. A baker was found for the bake-house, a butcher 
for the commissary department, and M. T. Allen (G), whose 
stature placed him at the extreme left of the company, was 
detailed as an orderly for the General. Two masons, Wm. S. 
York and Humphrey Chadbourn, also of " G," for their first 
job were sent to the chapel, where they were to mix a bed of 
mortar, at which they demurred, claiming not to know how. 
When the situation was reported to General Morris, the latter 
sent for Captain Converse to find out why such men were 



288 Fifth Regiment, MA'.M., One Hundred Days. 

sent as masons. The Captain comprehended the condition 
at once, and was able to make it clear to the officer that at 
home they were master-masons and not hod-carriers. The 
choleric old General saw the point immediately and subsequent 
orders l^rought the additional workmen needed. 

The first task, assigned to carpenters, E. M. Coffin, Geo. 
W. Kimball, James H. Knowlton and E. H. Lawrence, of " G," 
was the enlargement of a gallows, originally constructed for 
one culprit, so that it might be used for four at one time. 
August 17th, after due trial, four men were condemned as 
spies and sentenced to be hanged on the 29th. As the senior 
officer in command, the execution of the sentence devolved 
upon Major Grammer, a duty by no means coveted by him. 
It was near midnight, before the fatal day, when the Major 
was aroused from his sleep by the guard, who announced the 
arrival of Orderly Allen with a document from General Morris 
announcing the reprieve of the condemned men, and an order 
committing them to the penitentiary at Albany, N. Y., for 
the remainder of the war, an order soon after carried into 
effect. In 1875, when the Centennial of the Battle of Bunker 
Hill, June 17, was celebrated in Charlestown and the Fifth 
Regiment of Maryland became the guests of the Fifth Regi- 
ment, M. \. M., a member of the former body sought out the 
then Colonel CJrammer and introduced himself as one of the 
quartette that just escaped death at his command. On the 
21st of August the hearts of the Wo1)urn men were gladdened 
Ijy a visit from Samuel Grammer, a Ijrother of the Major, 
Charles W. Converse, son of the Captain, and George Conn, 
all from Woburn and all bringing news from home. 

Nor were diversions wanting at Fort McHenry. Nothing 
escapes the wideawake Yankee; he soon learned how to catch 
crabs, and he practiced much of his spare time. It took two 
to make the catching successful, thus: one man tied a string 
to a piece of salt pork and lowered it into the Patapsco River, 
his partner standing by with a scoop-net. \evy soon the 
claw-armed crustaceans had the pork in their clutches, each 



Fort McHenry. 289 

one hanging on with all his might. It is then that fisherman 
No. 1 carefully pulls up his string and No. 2 as gently pushes 
under the net, and, as the crabs let go on leaving the water, 
they drop into the trap, to be transferred thence to the boiling 
pot, where they speedily become most toothsome morsels. 
By judicious exchange with M. J. Flanagin (H), head cook 
for the officers, the latter got a taste of the Patapsco luxury, 
while the fishermen had soft bread with their catch. This 
amusement, however diverting, came to an abrupt end one 
morning by the discovery of the body of a member of the 
Ninety-first N. Y. floating in the water a short distance from 
shore. He had been drowned while trying to swim around 
the wall enclosing the grounds and extending into the river. 
That he was a bounty-jumper appeared in the $400 in bright, 
fresh greenbacks contained in his pockets. The unclad 
portions of his body had been badly mutilated by the crabs, 
and the fishermen all at once lost their appetites for shell-fish, 
thus proving themselves far more fastidious in taste than 
Barham's " Lady " (Ingoldsby Legends), whose " Knight " 
had been drowned in a favorite eel-pond and whose garments, 
covering his body, half eaten by eels, disclosed scores of the 
good woman's favorite food. Nothing loth, she had the 
squirming, snake-like fishes prepared for her supper and, 
when the meal was over and she was folding her napkin, she 
said to the valet: 

■' Eels a many I've ate; but any so good ne'er tasted before! — 
They're fish, too, of which I'm remarkably fond, — 
Go — pop Sir Thomas again in the pond — 

Poor dear! He'll catch us some more! " 

A certain lieutenant was officer of the guard, in which 
capacity he had some words with an enlisted man who pro- 
tested that it was only the uniform and buttons that saved 
him, the officer, from a good " licking." The Charlestown 
wearer of shoulder-straps did not forget that he was from 
Bunker-Hill-town and, remarking that such little things as 
buttons and straps need not stand in the way, just doffed the 
outfit and, inviting the fellow to the space outside the gate, 
19 



290 Fifth Regiment, jM.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

in much less time than it takes to tell it, had changed the face of 
the boaster so that his best friend would not have recognized him. 

Who was he? Several writers agree as to there having been 
a prisoner of state within the innermost part of Fort McHenry, 
but they do not agree as to who he was, their opinions being 
as variant as are the names given the famous " Man in the 
Iron Mask." They claim that he was kept there through the 
entire war. They agree that he was confined in a room on the 
ground floor and that his door was open in warm weather. 
The sentinel who stood on this post often received fruit and 
other courtesies from the distinguished prisoner, he seeming 
to have rich and influential friends in the city, who drove out 
in their carriages, bringing fruit and other delicacies. In the 
morning and afternoon, at stated periods, he would be per- 
mitted to be out of his room a few minutes, when he would 
pace up and down the prescribed space as rapidly as possible 
to keep up his vigor and strength. His snowy white hair 
well set off his refined face. The strong and massive gates 
to the inner fort were closed and fastened every night. 

In their trips to the many places where recruits and others 
were consigned, the men of the Fifth had a good opportunity 
to study southern geography' and to meet some of the famous 
men of the day. One man writes: " We left Baltimore on the 
sidewheel steamer ' Georgiana ' and steamed down the Chesa- 
peake to Fortress Monroe, where we landed with our detail 
and there embarked on another boat, passing our fleet of 
gunboats anchored in Hampton Roads, getting a good view 
of the wrecks of the ' Cumberland ' and ' Congress/ made so 
by the Rebel ram Merrimac; finally reaching the grand Union 
base of supplies. City Point, on James River. The sight of so 
many soldiers, the sound of artillery firing on Petersburg, 
and the general hustle and hurry quite impressed us young 
men so recently from home. We saw General Grant, smoking 
in his tent, surrounded by a number of his officers. We 
brought back with us many sick and wounded soldiers from 
the front." 



Fort McHenry. 291 

September 10th, Horace Pearsons (G) died in the McHenry 
Hospital of typhoid fever, this being the second death in the 
regiment, Lemuel Gott, Jr. (I) having died in Baltimore, 
August 29, the result of sunstroke. At the expensb of his 
comrades, the body of Pearsons was embalmed and sent home 
for burial. A comrade of Pearsons says that in his dehrium 
he fancied that he could reach home by swimming under 
water, and one day he saw his chance when the nurse was in 
another part of the ward and, slipping out, he ran to the water's 
edge and plunged in. His absence was soon discovered and, 
being followed, he was caught just as he entered the stream 
and was returned to his cot to die in the old-fashioned way. 
This same 10th of September was the date of a false alarm, 
when shots from the direction of the Confederate prisons were 
followed by what was thought the long roll, the men rushing 
hurriedly into line. Fortunately the alarm proved to be a 
false one and quiet once more reigned. August had its day 
of fasting; September followed with one of thanksgiving for 
the signal victories of Sherman in Georgia, and those of 
Farragut and Canby in Mobile, Alabama. Sunday, the 11th, 
was the day set apart for observance in Baltimore, and all 
who could be spared from duty attended divine service. 

The 22d of the month witnessed the military execution of 
Geo. W. McDonald, a deserter from the Third Maryland 
Cavalry, who had added to his offense through resisting and 
shooting the arresting officer. He was said to be a fine speci- 
men of physical manhood, thirty-eight years old, six feet 
and three inches tall; from Illinois originally, he was in Texas 
at the breaking out of the war and there enlisted in the Texas 
Rangers. Captured in battle, he had taken the oath of alle- 
giance, but evidently he was always an adventurer, very likely a 
bounty-jumper. Twelve hundred soldiers and a hundred 
civilians were present; the former, under command of Major 
Grammer, formed on three sides of a hollow square in front of 
the gallows. The firing party, consisting of six men from the 
regulars and as many more from the Ninety-first N. Y., 



292 Fifth Regiivient, M.V.INI., One Hundred Days. 

marched slowly on the field to the strains of the Dead March 
in Saul as played bj^ the muffled drums, halting by the side 
of an open grave, where, also, was the coffin soon to contain 
the mortal remains of the soldier. After the reading of the 
findings of the court-martial, August 17th, by the Provost 
Marshal and some remarks by the prisoner, he was made 
to kneel by the side of the coffin, having been bound and 
blindfolded. At the word of command the squad fired and the 
deserter fell forward, his body pierced by five bullets. 




Bombardment of Fori M'Jicnry. Baltimore igi*. 
A Contejn/iorarj/ ^rint. 



To go back a few days in this record, it should be stated 
that the 13th of September was not forgotten by the men 
who found themselves in the historic fort, since that day was 
the fiftieth anniversary of the bombardment of McHenry 
by the British fleet under Vice-admiral Sir Alexander Coch- 
rane. Francis Scott Key, a ]\Iarylander, was a prisoner on 
board one of the enemy's vessels and saw the entire display of 
fireworks; the Britons firing, it is said, from 1500 to 1800 
shells, only 400 of which fell within the works, the garrison 
losing only four men killed and twenty wounded. The most 



Fort McHenry. 293 

aggravating feature of the attack, to the men within the fort, 
was their inability to reach the fleet bj- any missiles their guns 
would throw. They simplj^ had to stand and take what the 
enemy sent, but the flag flew through the entire bombardment. 

Another incident of these days of early fall is recorded by 
Captain Homer of Company A, at the time Assistant Provost- 
Marshal, serving on the staff of General Wallace. A stock 
company from the Boston Museum was playing '' The Heir 
at Law " at the Holliday Street Theatre. The Captain and 
his wife, both ardent theatre-goers, were present, pleased with 
the idea of seeing and hearing such favorite Boston artists as 
William AVarren, Josephine Lawton and Emily Mustaj^er. 
Of course the city was under martial law, with a provost- 
guard at every theatre. Somewhere in the play occur the 
words, " Thank God I am not an American." The actor 
who recited this passage, himself an Englishman, for the 
evident "purpose of exciting sympathy in the audience and 
gaining the applause always so dear to the Thespian's ear, 
exclaimed, " Thank God I am not a Yankee." Immediately 
the whole house rose, waved handkerchiefs and hurrahed. 
Mrs. Homer, turning to her husband, said, " This man is 
not giving his line as he should; don't you recall it? " 
With blood at fever -heat, the Captain went behind the cur- 
tain, had the actor taken to the guard-house, and the affair 
was reported to General Wallace the next morning. The 
Captain's ready action made subsequent variations of lines 
for the sake of rebel applause less popular. 

An unusually desperate lot of men was started from Fort 
McHenry under Fifth Regiment convoy. There was more 
than the usual proportion of blacklegs among the motley crew 
that started from Baltimore, many of them clearly determined 
that they would not report to whatever point they may have 
been assigned. One managed to get away before leaving 
Baltimore. On reaching Washington the party was sent to 
the " Soldiers' Relief " for the night, to be marched to 
Alexandria the next day. Just as '' taps " were sounded and 



294 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 




O 
< r 1 

f § 

t^ o 

^^ 

t< 

^ o 
o 



Fort Federal Hill. 295 

lights were extinguished, a rush was made for one of the 
doors. " We were in a large, square room, one of several 
under the same roof, with two doors on the exposed sides; 
most of the men were asleep on the floor under their blankets. 
I had been watching a half dozen or more playing a game of 
poker near the door towards which the rush was made. Two 
men got through the door and climbed the fence in the rear 
of the barracks. The near-by guard cried, ' Halt!' and fired. 
We learned the next day that one of the men escaped and the 
other, terribly wounded, was taken to the hospital, where, 
it was rumored, he ched." The commotion aroused the 
reserve guard, who came hurriedly in and investigation 
disclosed the interesting fact that preparations had been 
made by many of the men to make a general attempt to 
escape; its culmination, however, was frustrated by the 
untimely effort of these men, who apparently were afraid fhe 
break would not be made. 

FORT FEDERAL HILL. 

The duties of the companies stationed here were not unlike 
those assigned to the men remaining in Fort McHenry, though 
its proximity to the railroad made it more convenient as a 
point of distribution of recruits constantly arriving from 
points north, east and west. The Virginia side of the Potomac 
had its Camp Distribution, opposite Washington, and the 
camp in Baltimore was of a similar nature, though possibly a 
less number of men were halted here, and finally sent on to 
the many regiments of the Potomac Army. As a Company D 
man writes: " Every week large numbers of recruits and 
convalescents arrived at this post from Hart's Island, N. Y. 
Harbor; Elmira, Western N. Y.; GallipoHs, Ohio, and other 
points. The guards who had accompanied them thus far were 
relieved and sent back to their respective stations. After a 
large number had been gathered, the officers in charge would 
read the names of the men who were to go to the front, there 



29G Fifth Regiment, AI.WM., One Hundred Days. 

to join their several regiments and batteries. When ready, 
these men were accompanied to the trains, under the guard of 
members of the Fifth and, still under their direction, the party 
would be taken to City Point, Washington, Harper's Ferry 
and other places. 

The National Tribune (Washington, D. C), February 23, 
1911, has the following purporting to come from L. S. Griswold, 
Chatham, N. Y. : 

Some 100 daj^s' men from Massachusetts were doing 
garrison duty in Fort Federal Hill, Baltimore, during the 
month of September, 1864. Along with a party of convales- 
cents and recruits, I was put in the barracks to remain over 
night. The moon was shining very bright, when I heard the 
sentinel sing out, " Halt!" and looking out I saw a man running 
towards the parapet. He did not stop at the word, but sprang 
upon the breastwork. The sentin(4, Avho was running towards 
him, fired, but missed. The fellow sprang over the pickets and 
the sentinel after him. Soon came the call, " Corporal of the 
Guard, Post 26," and soon came the corporal and the guard. 
I heard him ask, " Where is the sentinel of this post? " The 
answer came from the outside of the fort, " Here I am; I've 
got a jumper. Put a man on my post and come out through 
the gate." The morning revealed the "jumper" with 
bayonet thrust through his leg, and thus not much of a jumper 
of ail}' sort. As those of the Fifth were the only Massachusetts 
men in the fort, the punctual sentinel must have been one of 
the " Yanks." ' 

Post 24 at Federal Hill was a favorite with those doing 
guard duty, since residing near were people of Union senti- 
ments who always brought out a good dinner to the sentinel 
at that hour. A reason for this unusual procedure was given 
in the statement that, at the beginning of the war, the head of 
this house was arrested by the disloyal authorities and kept in 
confinement until the arrival of General Butler, who reversed 
things in Baltimore, and our Union man came out and his 
rebel persecutors went in. Gratitude for this act of the 
distinguished officer prompted the conspicuous generosity of 
the patrons of Post 24. There were other posts not so agree- 



Fort Federal Hill. 297 

able, especially those where wharf-rats abounded, and so 
numerous were they, it was not an infrequent act for a sentinel 
to bayonet one or more of the preying rodents. 

Comrade Libby of Companj^ D writes: " One afternoon 
when doing duty, under the open window of one of the bar- 
racks, holding a large number of new arrivals, I observed one 
of the latter rolling up bankbills as he would a card and 
dropping them into his canteen. I said to him, ' Johnny, drop 
some of them out to me.' He replied, ' I have fifteen hundred 
dollars here, and Fll give you half if you will give me a chance 
to get away to-night.' My next was, 'Oh no, Johnny, I don't 
care to spend the rest of the war at the Rip Raps with a ball 
and chain on.' " In 1864 bounty-jumping was at its height, 
and out of every squad arriving for the front, a considerable 
part was ready to depart if opportunity offered. Private 
Libby writes again: " Just on the brink of the hill, facing the 
harbor, were the camp-sinks back of the barracks, and guards 
were always posted there. One night when at supper, we were 
startled by the report of a musket, indicating an attempt to 
escape. One of the ' jumpers,' dashing by the guard, had 
plunged down the hill, only to receive the ball through his hat. 
That, however, did not stop him, but the police of the city 
were specially vigilant on account of the reward of $60 per 
capture, so it was not long before the would-be runaway was 
returned. He remarked that he thought he would not take 
any more chances of that sort; the front itself could not be 
more dangerous." 

Target-shooting was practiced on the back side of this 
same hill Saturday mornings, preparatory to cleaning up guns 
and equipments for Sunday inspections, and on one such 
occasion, some citizens came hurrying in, saying that bullets 
were passing through their houses. To do this and reach 
houses half a mile away and far over the edge of the hill, the 
culprits must have intentionally elevated their pieces far 
above the targets; but the spirit of deviltry often prompts 
men and boys, especially the latter, to do unaccountable 



298 Fifth Regiment, M.^^^I.. One Hundred Days. 

things. At Fort McHenry, where soldiers went down to the 
water's edge to discharge their guns, men were knoAvn to take 
dehberate aim at fishing-boats, perhaps a mile off, and the 
way anchor was tripped and the speed with which small creeks 
were sought indicated that bullets were reaching them. 

It is written that, September 24th, a salute of 100 guns was 
fired in honor of the great victory won by Sheridan at Winches- 
ter. It was one of the not over enjoj'able duties of the soldier 
to go through certain stores in search of contraband goods, 
that is, articles presumal)ly held for the purpose of trying to 
pass them through the lines. At one time a detachment was 
sent down into the city to, ciuell a riot on Eastern Avenue, one 
of the worst streets in Baltimore, or any other city for that 
matter, at that time, and again men of the Fifth were directed 
to take the stacked guns and colors of a three-years' Pennsyl- 
vania regiment which had mutinied; this being done by a 100 
days' organization made the medicine all the more bitter. One 
long-term soldier, somewhat under the influence of fire-water, 
announced his ability to whip any 100 days' man that ever 
lived. Whereupon one of the Fifth boys remarked that he was 
willing to give the braggart a chance. In the moving picture 
that ensued the long-termer got all that was coming to him, 
but he was not a little consoled when he learned that his victor 
had served three years before going into the Fifth, a bit of 
knowledge which drew from the vanquished the sad statement, 
" I thought something was the matter with him." 

John F. Whiting of '' E " enters the following in his account 
of experiences: " I was sent to Washington with three negroes, 
chained together. We rode to Washington, but there I was 
told that the walking was good to Alexandria, where I had been 
ordered to deliver my charge. On getting back to the Soldiers' 
Rest I was told to report with a squad of five men to the 
office of the Provost Marshal, and there I was ordered to pro- 
ceed under the lead of a guide to Ford's Theatre, where we 
arrested a well-dressed man wearing a tall silk hat, whom on 
our return we delivered at Fort McHenry. Who he was, I 



Fort Federal Hill. 299 

Solliicrs' fifsf, 
eUAROS AND PATWOiS: ./, 



(jj ^ u^a/iW/^ 




Coin)navHinff (petachment. 
APPROVED: 



row 4 9<i.*w»«. Pn«im A £(Vi«tK'>, W*.h.B?o», »,C. 



never knew. I have preserved, all of these years, the pass given 
me when in the capital." It was not all work at the fort; the 
boys had their fun-drill, guard-duty and escort notwithstand- 
ing. If they could not get passes, they slid down the incline 
which they had tunneled through the hill to Pratt Street; as 
they could not climb back they had to take their chances on 
their safe return. A beer-saloon and billiard-room, kept by a 
Dutchman, was a favorite gathering place also on Pratt Street. 
For favors rendered the bounty-jumpers, some of the men were 
liberally rewarded, though their memories were sometimes 
poor in the matter of returning change, and even the major part 
of the errand, viz., the canteen of whiskey, did not always reach 
its proper destination. One of the fort tasks was to fill red- 
flannel bags with powder for cannon cartridges, using a copper 
scoop and wearing on their feet wash-leather moccasins. 
After so much care against explosions it may be imagined the 
greetings that men received who came within range smoking 
a cigar or pipe. 



300 Fifth Regiment, M.\'.]\I., One Hundred Days. 



FORT MARSHALL. 

Having a central location on the eastern boundary of Patter- 
son Park, this fortification played an important part in main- 
taining order in the city and in reducing the rebellious spirit of 
some of the fire-eaters to a state of outward compliance 
with, the rulings of the National Government. Here were 
the Colonel and Adjutant, and thus here were the head- 
quarters cf the regiment, during nearly all of its term, very 
widely distributed. From this point also were sent recruits 
and others to their several destinations, and there was 
very little time for ease or play, in spite of the general impres- 
sion that the short-termers had an altogether easj' time. It 
was while thus garrisoning Fort IVIarshall that Colonel Peirson 
received an order from General IMorris to the effect that he 
should detail one of his most reliable officers and one private to 
conduct and deliver to the Provost Marshal at Washington a 
Confederate officer. " Send none but the most trusty and 
dependable men." Whereupon the Colonel, turning to Adju- 
tant Wj-er, remarked, " You must detail yourself, Adjutant." 
Of this duty, the Adjutant writes: 

The officer was Major Johnston of the — Virginia Cavalry, 
who at the breaking out of the war was j ust begimiing the prac- 
tice of law in Baltimore; his strong southern sympathies 
prompted him to give up his profession and to enter the Con- 
federate service, where he won promotion and the reputation 
of being one of the most fearless, aggressive and resourceful 
leaders in the cavalry of northern Virginia . He was a man of 
commanding presence, more than six feet in height, fine figure, 
having a haughty military bearing, the latter being consider- 
ably emphasized by his new Confederate uniform which his 
admirers in Baltimore had just presented him. When the tow- 
ering form of the IMajor thus arrayed and resplendent with em- 
broidery, gold lace and the insignia of his rank was turned over 
to the detail, the responsibility was felt to be great, especially 
with the injunction, " AVatch him," added, since this was the 
second time he had been captured. He had already escaped 
from the Old Capitol Prison of Washington once, and would 



Fort Marshall. 



301 







f^ 



^r ■ -?■ 



-i#. 







^i ^ 






..SI ~. 







302 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

hesitate at nothing to secure his Hberty. There was neither 
sleep to my eyes nor slumber to my eyelids until we received a 
receipt for his safe delivery to the Provost Marshal of Washing- 
ton. While waiting in the station for the Baltimore train, my 
attention was roused at the vigorous applause given an officer 
who was passing through the crowd. On asking who the officer 
was, I was told that he was General Sheridan, then returning 
to his Shenandoah \^alle3' force. Neither he nor I knew that 
the next day was to usher in the battle of Cedar Creek and 
Sheridan's Ride, " From Winchester, twenty miles away." 

It was in these Fort Marshall days that Adjutant Wyer per- 
suaded his fellow townsman, Major Grammer, to ride out with 
him to see the famous stables of William McDonald, the owner 
of the still more famous Flora Temple, during her long career 
on the race-track, easily the queen thereof. The Major was 
not particularly " horsey," but the Adjutant had seen the 
trotter on the track and doted on all kinds of ec}uines. The 
day's inspection made a deep impression on both men, though 
the Major did not enthuse over the gaunt figure of the bob- 
tailed trotter. He did, however, wax eloquent over the fine 
points of the running nags, and to the day of his death it was a 
favorite diversion of his friends to get him to tell of that visit. 
The staljles themselves were a veritaVjle revelation to a steady- 
going New Englander, with their colored jockeys and a dozen 
or more of the fastest steeds in America. While the Adjutant 
loved to describe the characteristics of Flora, his superior 
officer failed to recognize them, but did warm up as he recalled 
the fleet runners and, having a tolerably florid vocabulary, 
could and did tell the story of the visit in a way to interest all 
listeners. 

Perhaps no service of the regiment was more fruitful of good 
than that rendered in October, when it assisted in steadying 
the hands and heads of Maryland voters who then voted on 
th? question of ratifying the new constitution of the State. For 
nearly three months a convention had been considering the 
question and had finally reported a measure which, among 
other features, included the abolition of slaverv and the dis- 



Guarding the Polls. 303 

franchisement of all those who had borne arms against the gov- 
ernment or had in any way aided the Rebellion; all partic- 
ipants also in the election were compelled to take the oath of 
allegiance. To see that all classes of people were allowed equal 
privileges at the polls, that only eligible voters should partici- 
pate, and that the oath was duly administered, required the 
presence in certain parts of armed men, hence the sending of a 
large part of the Fifth in detachments to many polling-places, 
the names of only a few of them being remembered. The fol- 
lowing interesting statement is made by one of the officers who 
directed a party into the dreary section known as the "Eastern 
Shore":— 

GUARDING THE POLLS. 

One night at about 8 o'clock, just before Maryland was to 
vote on her new constitution, the companies at Fort McHenry 
were ordered to board a transport, taking their commissary 
stores in bulk, and within an hour the order was complied with. 
The departure was made under sealed orders, no one knowing 
the destination : — 

About midnight the orders were opened and the Eastern 
Shore was found to be our goal and the guarding of election 
booths our duty. The first company to land was commanded 
by a staff officer, who was to proceed to the town of Trappe in 
Talbot Count}' and report to the supervisor of elections. Not 
having a very clear idea of the distance to Trappe, nor of the 
means of forwarding the baggage of the party, there being only 
one house in sight and that a quarter of a mile away, he decided 
to get his bearings, if possible, at the place named and also to 
secure a mule as a burden-bearer. The mansion in question 
was a fine specimen of colonial days, standing some 300 yards 
l)ack from the road, with slave-quarters in the rear, also large 
and commodious stables and out-houses, evidently the home 
of some agricultural aristocrat and slave-owner. 

Opposite the house the company halted and the commander 
proceeded to interview the occupants. A vigorous tattoo by 
means of the old-fashioned brass knocker soon brought to the 
door a man of about fifty years, who, at first sight, would be 



304 Fifth REcniENX, MA'.M., One Hundred Days. 

classed as an educated, well-bred gentleman. But the war 
apparently had engendered in him a bitter animosity against 
the government and its supporters, for when the purpose of 
the call was made known, viz., the use of a mule-team and 
driver to take the supplies from the landing to Trappe, for 
which services he should be paid, he replied, glancing towards 
the road where the company could be seen, " I see you have the 
power to take anything you want;" and with fire in his eye and 
venom in his heart, he launched into a tirade of abuse, calling 
us " Lincoln hirelings," who had come to coerce and intimidate 
honest voters at the elections. Without avail the officer told 
him that he was in error. ''We have been sent clown here, at the 
request of the civil authorities* of the State of Marjdand, to 
assist them in conducting a lawful and orderly election, where 
every voter can cast his ballot as he chooses and have it count- 
ed as cast." Without further delay, the officer broke 
away from the southern fire-eater, went to the stables, ordered 
one of the colored men to hitch up a team, get the luggage at 
the landing, and to follow the company to Trappe, some five 
miles distant. 

It was Sunday morning early when we reached the sleepy 
little town; few people were astir at that hour, and the Sabbath 
st.llness was unbroken save for the barking of dogs and the 
crowing of cocks. No people were in sight, except fifteen or 
twenty men collected around a corner grocery, and they met 
us with a stony stare, gazing with stoical indift'erence as we ad- 
vanced towards them. Thej^ had no glad hand for us. Halt- 
ing his command, the officer proceeded to fire a few questions 
at them as follows: " Can any one of you gentlemen tell me 



* In the Autobiography of General Wallace, he states that in the month 
of March, '64, accompanied by his staff, he called on Governor A. W. Brad- 
ford in Annapolis, to ascertain what the latter's attitude would be toward 
the sending of armed protection to certain parts of JSlarj'land in response 
to earnest requests for the same from Union ])cople, especiallj' in the coun- 
ties bordering on the Chesapeake. In response to the General's query, the 
Governor said, " JNIail all petitions of this kind to me and I will return them 
to you with my official request that you send troops as prayed. The matter 
is entirely within mj* province, and I thank you for recognizing the fact. 
1 onh' want to make sure that the papers you forward to me are in good 
faith." The election, April 6th, was for members of the Constitutional 
Convention, whose sittings led to the submission, in October, of the pro- 
posed new constitution on which the State voted as stated. The General 
adds: " Upon jjctitions, referred to the Governor, troops were sent (April 
6) to ever}' doubtful precinct in the .State, but always upon his written re- 
quest." It is fair to suppose the sending of the military in October was 
under precisely the same order and understanding. 



Guarding the Polls. 305 

where I can find Mr. , supervisor of elections? " No one 

replied. Again an effort is made: " Can you tell me where 

Mr. is to be found? " naming another Supervisor. No 

better luck this time than before. Just to change the subject, 
he next inquired if any one could direct him to a vacant build- 
ing where he could quarter his men. Again not a word from 
any one of them. After all this vain questioning, the men were 
ordered to cap their pieces, whereupon the citizens began to 
sneak away in different directions, all but one, who followed the 
company as it moved up the street in search of quarters. Com- 
ing alongside the commander, he remarked that Union men 
had to be careful about what they said in the hearing of that 
gang, that he was a Union man and would assist all he could. 

It was the opinion of our new found friend that, as there was 
no service in the Methodist Church, this Sunday, the men 
might be quartered in the vestry. He went to see the sexton 
and to get the key. It was a great find, the men enjoying the 
clean and comfortable quarters, though a little remote from 
the " Hustings," as the polling-places were called. Our morn- 
ing's experience had served to impress upon our minds that we 
were in the enemy's country, consequently it was easy to keep 
the men within the guard-lines, which were at once establishecl, 
over which no soldier was allowed to go nor citizen to enter. If 
food or drink were offered them they were to decline with 
thanks; in a word, " to beware of the Greeks, though bearing 
gifts." As the commander had to go in quest of the nearest Su- 
pervisor of Elections, some five miles away, the camp was left 
in charge of the First Sergeant, and right here is where the 
Union man of the morning proved himself invalual)le, for he 
furnished transportation and piloted the way. 

Reporting for orders to a civilian was a new experience to 
this somewhat punctilious officer, but orders were orders with 
him. He found the Supervisor to be a sturdy, resolute Scotch- 
man, a strict constructionist of the law, who would stand for 
no evasion or violation of it, and he seemed pleased to find 
that he was to be supported by Federal bayonets. Having just 
returned from church and it being about meal-time, the officer 
and his guide were invited to stay and share his " frugal meal," 
an invitation that was not declined, for the enforced fast of 
twenty-four hours was getting in its work. No urging was nec- 
essary on the part of the host to secure full justice to the boun- 
tiful spread, and meanwhile the officer was getting points as to 
the part he would have to play at the " Hustings." While 
20 



306 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

Talbot County would, probably, give a substantial majority 
ior the constitution, there were many hot sj'-mpathizers with 
the Confederacy, and to avoid giving unnecessary provocation, 
it was decided to be best to keep the men within their quarters, 
ready to respond at a moment's warning, should they be needed 
to quell any disturbance. 

Returning to camp, we waited for something to happen to 
relieve the monotony of our confinement. In the hurried leav- 
ing of Baltimore, no provision had been made to subsist the 
officer. To remain three days in camp without provisions was 
not to be thought of; fortunately, near the camp an old colored 
auntie held sway over a small calkin which seemed to be scant- 
ily furnished with, cooking utensils and quite barren of sup- 
plies, but this seemed the only chance, so approaching the pab- 
in. Auntie was asked if she could cook. "Yes, shua; I's a good 
cook, I is. I dun cooked fo' quality fo'ks in Baltimo'." She 
was engaged as chef, and she made good. We were called out 
but once, and that the last day for voting; some turbulent souls, 
assisted by ardent spirits, created a disturbance and a hurry-up 
call was responded to by a squad of men. The sight of Boys in 
Blue coming tow^ards them at a double-quick had a sobering 
effect, and most of the offenders silently stole away. But we 
took one prisoner, marched him to camp, where he was de- 
tained until the session of the court convened in the vestry 
which served as detention quarters and court-room. The trial- 
justice came to court w'ith his law" books under his arm; after 
due consultation of his volumes he found the statute that he 
thought applied to the case and then i^roceeded to try the cul- 
prit. After hearing the evidence, he ordered the fellow to keep 
the peace and to recognize in the sum of $50, a travesty on the 
judiciary of the State of Maryland. 

After the polls were closed and the ballots counted, we w^ere 
relieved from further service by the civil authorities. The re- 
straints of the camp were relaxed and the men allowed to min- 
gle with the villagers and to enjoy the hospitality of the loyal 
citizens. We had about an entire day to wait for the coming of 
the Ijoat to the five miles distant landing, where finally we were 
taken on board along with other detachments that had been 
performing like services in other portions of the Eastern Shore. 

The result of the election was very close, there being an ag- 
gregate vote of 60,000, with the scant majority of 375 for the 
loyal or Union side. Like the famous cut which did for Mercu- 
tio, though not so deep as a well, nor so wide as a church door, 



Guarding the Polls. 307 

it served. Very likely any other well-officered regiment would 
have done as well, still men of the Fifth Massachusetts are 
entitled to the pleasant reflection that their presence in various 
places along the Eastern Shore made a difference of more than 
375 votes, not to mention the rejection of ballots proffered by 
those who would not take the oath to the number of nearly one 
hundred, and that they really helped keep " Maryland, My 
Maryland," in the straight and narrow way. Incidentally, the 
victory, though close, had its influence in the following No- 
vember, when Lincoln was re-elected. 

The experience of other detachments did not differ essen- 
tially from that already given, but mention should be made 
of Company G's representation, some thirty in number, that, 
under Captain Converse and Lieutenant Fuller, in heavy 
marching orders, with four days' rations of hardtack, salt pork 
and coffee, embarked at Fort McHenry's wharf on a small 
steamer bound for Greensboro, also on the Eastern Shore. En- 
tering the Choptank River, at half tide, the steamer had not 
gone far before grounding on a sandbar, where boat and burden 
had to remain until the next tide. Cooking facilities on ship- 
board were not first class, consisting of one small sheet-iron 
stove, so that raw-pork sandwiches became virtues of neces- 
sity, though not to any one's liking. Arriving at Potter's Land- 
ing, the head of navigation. Lieutenant Fuller with ten men 
marched in one direction, while Captain Converse with the 
remainder set forth for Greensboro, ten miles away, where, on 
arrival, we were assigned quarters in the village church. 
Though tired and dirty, immediately after guard mounting, 
the two sheet-iron stoves, by which the edifice was heated, 
were utilized, and a more palatable manner of serving our ra- 
tions than that of the steamboat was possible. 

The next day, the 11th, being that before the election, after 
a good night's sleep, using the pews of the church for bunks, 
the men not on guard were permitted to ramble around the 
town and to learn the ways thereof; some of them, such as the 
disposal of apple-jack and peach brandy, proved to be quite too 



308 Fifth Regoient, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

strenuous for new beginners. As the day wore on, considerable 
loud talk was generated, but nothing .serious occurred. Elec- 
tion morning the command was formed in light marching 
order, rifles were loaded, cartridge-boxes were filled and the 
men marched to the polling-place, in this instance the public 



•'^^ 




GENERAL LEW WALLACE IN WAR TIMES. 



tavern, around which guards were posted and a double line was 
drawn up to a window, within which sat Captain Converse with 
the election supervisors. Through this line of soldiers, the 
voters, one by one, passed to the window and deposited their 
ballots. Comments on this manner of voting were numerous, 
often profane, and seldom complimentary to the soldiers or the 
U. S. Government. At the same time the peaceably inclined 
were much pleased with the result, and with only two or. 



Guarding the Polls. 309 

three disturbances the election passed off quietly. After the 
supervision was over, in light order, our baggage being drawn 
to the dock by a mule, we made the return trip in two hours 
and a half, making the acquaintance, on the way, of the 
persimmon, a fruit the finest in the world when ripened by 
frost, but otherwise of puckering tendencies so strong that the 
men were hardly able to get their mouths in shape to appreci- 
ate the possibilities of a field of sweet potatoes found near the 
landing. Lieutenant Fuller and his party were late, not get- 
ting in until near midnight, but the time was passed in roasting 
potatoes, gathering and cooking oysters, which abounded on 
the shore, and in watching the heel-and-toe performances of 
certain pickaninnies who danced to the music of an aged 
darkey, the darkness partially dispelled by a bonfire kindled 
from peach-crates, the property of a rebel sympathizer. Owing 
to the crookedness of the river, the boat did not start on the 
return trip until morning. 

A detachment from Company D sailed up the Pokomoke 
River to Snow Hill, Worcester County. Of the river, a writer 
comments: " It is like a succession of letter S's. You sail an 
hour up one side, then turn and sail back again, and all the real 
advance made in the whole interval is about 200 feet. So we 
zigzagged all the way to the head of navigation. Seemingly 
we could have jumped ashore anywhere, yet had we done so we 
should have been lost, inevitably, in the tall eel-grass." At 
Snow Hill the detachment was subdivided into smaller groups 
and sent out to several places, one of them going to " Nut- 
ter's," that being the name of the polling-place. " Mr. Nutter 
himself was a Union man, but we were not allowed to converse 
with the voters nor to take anything from them; they came 
mostly on horseback, with a rifle, carbine or shotgun slung 
over the shoulder. They were dressed largely in butternut 
homespun, wore long hair and whiskers, and as a whole were 
as unkempt a lot of voters as were ever seen. Our own weapons, 
loaded and capped, were stacked, ourselves standing at atten- 
tion behind the stacks. There was no enthusiasm in the voting, 



310 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

but (letermination was noticeable. The men slept in Nutter's 
barn, and his servants brought us baked sweet potatoes, hot 
coffee, johnnj'-cake and other items in plenty, besides con- 
gratulating us on our behavior and good looks. Many of the 
voters dressed and looked like rebels, which they unquestion- 
ably were, and it was said that they would shoot on very little 
provocation. They came sullenly, voted gravely, and then 
silentl}^ stole from our sight. 

" The voting ended, then came the return, a fifteen miles' 
march in the night, the first five miles of which were passed 
over with the utmost speed, so anxious were we to meet another 
squad also on its return, so that we might compare notes and 
talk over the situation. Perhaps it should not be mentioned, 
but there were those whose steps were rendered very unsteady 
by potations of genuine apple-jack; when the effects of the 
latter had worn off, the regular route step was resumed and the 
men strode on through the darkness. Daylight brought new 
possibilities, for as we were marching back, I using my gun as 
a crutch, because of a blistered foot, there being no tompion in 
my weapon, I discovered in easy range a native razor-back 
hog. In an instant I had capped my gun, taken aim and fired. 
I spun around like a top as the gun went off, the latter kicking 
violently on account of the five inches of sand that had been 
forced down the muzzle as I had limped along. The split in the 
barrel was seven inches long, the pig escaped with whole skin, 
and I had a lame right shoulder for the remainder of my ser- 
vice. I carried the ruined weapon aboard the boat and if I only 
could meet the man whose good gun stood behind the water 
cask, I would apologize for the exchange that I made. Similar 
incidents might be related of those who went to Berlin, Big and 
Little Bog, and still other places, where all accomplished the 
work set for them to do." 

We may read in the Official Records of the RebeUion (Series 
I, Vol. XLIII, Part 2, p. 430) that on the 17th day of October, 
three companies (B, C and H) reported for duty to the First 
Separate Brigade, General E. B. Tyler, and were stationed 



Guarding the Polls. 311 

at Monocacy Junction. " Though fully armed and equipped, 
they have very little ammunition, no shelter-tents, cooking 
utensils, company-books nor records. The men are exposed 
to all of the inclemencies of the weather, and it is almost impos- 
sible for the officers to make correct reports of the numerical 
strength of their companies. They have since been supplied 
with ammunition and will be supplied with tents as soon as 
possible." At Monocacy the 9th of July preceding had been 
fought an important battle between the forces of Jubal Early, 
commanding the rebels, and those of General Lew Wallace, 
and though nominally a Union defeat, it really saved the city 
of Washington from capture. Almost from the beginning of 
the war, the locality had been debatable ground, and it had 
been marched over and camped upon, alternately, by the 
opposing armies till desolation was a prominent feature of 
the landscape. Just tJiree miles northwest was the famed 
Frederick City, the home of Barbara Frietchie, and the scene 
of Whittier's noted poem. " The clustered spires of Fred- 
erick stand " in plain view from the camp of the companies 
of the Fifth on this brief tour of duty, and between the Junc- 
tion and Frederick is the grave of Francis Scott Key, who 
wrote the " Star Spangled Banner." Unfortunately no sur- 
vivor of this part of the work of the regiment has furnished 
data for consideration, so it must be stated in general terms 
that the men did guard duty and helped to render this part 
of the State safer for Union people and less desirable for 
their enemies. The order relieving the three companies from 
duty and their return to Baltimore bears date, Noveml)er 1, at 
which time all of the separated parts of the Fifth were coming 
together for the journey homeward. 

October 19th is memorable as the day on which Sheridan 
annihilated the army of Ju))al Early at Cedar Creek, and a few 
days later wounded men from that scene of carnage, along with 
hundreds of prisoners, began to appear in Baltimore, thus call- 
ing into service the energies of the Fifth as prisoners were es- 
corted to Point Lookout and other places, and in assisting the 



312 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

Medical Department in its care of the helpless from the jfight. 
On the 26th, members of the Woburn company were pleased at 
receiving visits from A. Ellis and Horace Tidd, directly from 
home, besides Lieut. Charles K. Conn, Company K, 39th Mas- 
sachusetts, who, as a wounded and paroled prisoner, came into 
the camp. As early as October 27th, in a letter to Assistant 
Adjutant-general E. D. Townsend, General Lew Wallace calls 
attention to the approaching end of the term for which the 
Fifth had enlisted and the necessity of supplying troops for 
their places, asking if they shall be retained until other regi- 
ments can be found. " Shall I keep them over time? " is the 
query that he propounds. Fortunately others were secured in 
time to allow the Massachusetts men to depart in season for 
their promised muster-out. Orders dated November 1st and 
4th are found calling for the assembhng of the regiment, which 
was accomplished so that it was ready for departure Saturday, 
the 5th of November. From the separation of the companies 
in August at Fort McHenry until the reassembling at Federal 
Hill, there had been no time when a regimental dress-parade 
was possible, a condition quite destructive of real esprit de corps. 

HOMEWARD BOUND. 

Though not so long away from home as were the three years' 
men, yet no true lover of native place and residence ever found 
himself home-returning without feelings of exaltation, so when 
the separated companies had met once more and they were 
ready to turn their backs on Baltimore, they were smiling faces 
that looked towards the Philadelphia station. It was evening 
when the right wing, with Colonel and staff, embarked and 
rolled away northward; the left wing with Lieutenant-colonel 
Worcester following one hour later. Had the trains possessed 
the right of way, as would have been the case had the regi- 
ment, in an emergency, been headed the other direction, the 
ride to New York would have been a matter of only a few 
hours; as it was, it lasted more than twenty-four. To be sure, 



Homeward Bound. 313 

the cars were not originally intended for passengers, being 
freight-cars, seated, and the trip was uneventful until reach- 
ing Havre-de-Grace, where the train was side-tracked until 
after midnight. The weather was cold, the cars not heated, 
hence to keep warm, men had to resort to self-devised ways, 
the principal one being the building of bonfires, using for 
fuel fence-rails and cornstalks. At the same time there was a 
growing hunger, as there were scant rations for a protracted 
ride. 

Morning, however, revealed Philadelphia, and again the hos- 
pitalities of the Volunteer Refreshment Saloon were tried, and 
wonderfully satisfactory they proved. Intervening years have 
not erased the impression of sufficiency that the food served 
there made on hungry men. Some of the eaters contrasted 
their last meal at Federal Hill, consisting chiefly of hardtack 
and half-baked beans, with the abundance of perfectly cooked 
and served viands offered by the generous Philadelphians. 
Sunday was absorbed in slowly starting, bumping and stopping 
through the entire length of New Jersey, the right wing reach- 
ing Jersey City at 8 o'clock in the evening. Then there was a 
long wait of three hours for the left wing and the officers' horses 
to arrive. The terminal point appeared to be in the Tender- 
loin district of the city, a fact that did not add to the dis- 
cipline and morale of the men. Never again would those in 
charge, had they the opportunity, halt a regiment near the 
parts where red lights glow. 

Crossing over to New York, the hour was too late for water- 
transit homeward, even if such had been projected, hence there 
was nothing left except to march up Broadway to the 27th 
Street Station. Nor was it a scene of delight, since the matter 
of military draft was quite too vivid in the minds of the people 
who crowded the streets and who, evidently, thought the regi- 
ment one arriving to assist in directing further demands for 
service. The tune played by bands, had there been any, would 
not have been, " See the Conquering Hero Comes," quite the 
reverse of the reception accorded the Fifth when in April, '61, 



314 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

it marched through the city on its way southward. " It was 
apparent ])y the jeers and epithets hurled at us that the draft 
was unpopular, hence our progress was not accompanied by 
a continuous ovation." 

It was nearly midnight when the depot was reached, where 
it was learned that no transportation had been provided, and 
there was nothing to do but wait until morning. Such officers 
and men as had money found lodgment in nearby hotels and 
boarding-houses, while impecunious ones had the privileges of 
the floor, seats or sidewalk or, last of all, the ground. Rations, 
it will be seen, were irregular, and a breakfastless start did not 
serve to make the noontime hunger in New Haven any less; 
and if some of the regiment did take and eat without, in every 
case, rendering a strict account, perhaps the exigency may be a 
partial excuse. Those who had a part in the banquet claim 
that very little that was edible was left in the restaurant. True 
to the halting manner characteristic of the entire journey home- 
ward, Boston was not reached until nearly midnight of Monday, 
but late as it was, representatives of Charlestown were in wait- 
ing to receive the men belonging there and to escort them 
across the river to City Hall. The march was under the direc- 
tion of Chief Marshal John B.Norton, with the sweet strains of 
a brass band to let the people know that the " boys " were 
home again. 

Citizens were out in force, all ready to ,see and hear their 
friends just from Baltimore, and to assist in serving the bounti- 
ful collation, at the Prescott House, whether a late supper or 
an early breakfast has never been determined. His Honor 
Mayor P. J. Stone was there and made a warm welcoming 
speech, and then, at 2 o'clock a.m., the soldiers wended their 
way homeward for just a few winks of sleep, before going to the 
polls to help elect Abraham Lincoln for his second term. There 
was still another assembling of the regiment necessary for the 
muster-out, the same coming on the 16th of November. Nor 
was this final meeting unaccompanied with certain disagree- 
able features. On account of real or fancied wrongs, some of 



Return of the Flags. 315 

the enlisted men took it upon themselves, in the absence of the 
commissioned officers, who were riding in a car by themselves, 
to seriously mar and deface the cars, to the extent that they 
resembled a cyclone wrecked settlement when Readville was 
reached. Under the significant title, " Vandalism," the public 
press of the day discussed the matter at length, and it is said 
that the railroad authorities promptly placed an injunction on 
the pay the men were to receive, so that a final settlement was 
not effected till some weeks later, in the meantime the commis- 
sioned officers having settled the bills for damage. 

Thus ended the third and final term of War-of-the-Rebellion 
service of the Fifth Regiment. Though not called upon to face 
the enemy on the field of battle, it had, nevertheless, done with 
credit to itself whatever duty had been presented, and had sen- 
sibly added to the already interesting history of one of the old- 
est militia organizations in the Commonwealth. Several of the 
officers and men were to continue their connection with the reg- 
iment on its peace footing and to attain enviable prominence 
therein. The story of the services of the regiment in its three 
tours of active duty is presented as a portion of the proof, if 
any were needed, of the value of the militia as a weapon for 
the public defense. 

RETURN OF THE FLAGS. 

Once more another gathering of a portion of the regiment 
came when the numerous organizations of Massachusetts 
assembled in Boston to turn over the flags borne by them to the 
permanent keeping of the Commonwealth. The day was De- 
cember 22d, Forefathers' Day, and never before nor since have 
so many military bodies been formally represented at the State 
House. Major General Darius N. Couch was in command, 
with General E. W. Hinks as Chief of Staff. The parade was 
imposing and the speeches eloquent. Three hundred men of 
the Fifth Regiment, led by Colonel Peirson, are reported to 
have been in line, a number at least one half larger than that 



316 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

presented by any other organization. The two flags borne by 
the regiment were received by Governor Andrew and by him 
were turned over to the custody of the State. At first grouped 
with the many other stands of colors, the}' looked out on Doric 
Hall, but in the changes incident to the extension of the State 
House, they have found final harborage in the Hall of Flags, 
and there let us hope they may continue to be viewed and 
revered by generations yet to come. 

VETERAN ORGANIZATION. 

That the old times might be kept vividh' in mind, and that 
the old battles might be renewed, at least once a year, the sur- 
vivors of the Fifth early effected an organization and annually 
come together at some point more or less convenient to those 
who attend. Naturally these meetings have been held in the 
eastern part of the Commonwealth. That of 1909, when the 
preparation of this history- was settled upon, was held in Ash- 
land, the next in Reading, and that of 1911, marking fifty 
years after the beginning of the strife, is to be observed in Ha- 
verhill, whose Hale Guards was Company D in the three months' 
service. These reunions have ever been scenes of the utmost 
good fellowship, and while all of them have been filled to the 
brim with bright discussions and pleasant memories, perhaps 
no one had ha])pier features than that which, in honor of the 
Cape Cod meml)ers of the regiment, gathered at " The Nobs- 
cussett," Dennis, June 24, 1896. It was the thirty-fifth re- 
union, and nothing that the Cape people could do was too 
good for the " boys," not so old then as they are now\ The 
route was from Boston to Yarmouth, seventy-five miles by 
rail, thence a free barge ride to the hotel. Of course every one 
had to remain over night, but with such elal^orate camping 
facilities and with an unexcelled commissary, the veterans 
recked not of time nor place, and when the time of separation 
came they marveled not at the affection that the native of the 
Cape ever cherishes for the place of his birth. 



Regimental Roster. 317 

REGIMENTAL ROSTER. 

Three Months' Service. 

No matter what the record of the regiment, for some of its 
members the Roster will ever hold the tirst place, for here 
they find, in alphabetical array, the names of their comrades 
with whom they once stood side by side. The brief history ac- 
corded each individual assures him a place on the scroll of 
fame and he knows that oblivion can never hide him, nor the 
story of the effort he made to pi'eserve the Union and to free 
the flag" of its deepest f.tain — slavery. The prime source of 
data presented in the several rosters of the Fifth Regiment 
is the revised rolls, carefully preserved at the State House, 
along with the published Record of the Massachusetts Volun- 
teers, prepared hj Adjutant General William Schouler. Ad- 
ditional facts as to civil life and occupations have come from 
surviving- comrades. 

To save time and space, abbreviations are used as follows: 

A. A. G.=Assistant Adjutant General; b.=born; bur.= 
buried; bvt.=brevet ; batt.=battalion ; Capt.=Captain ; Co.= 
Company ; Col.=Colonel ; com.=^commission or committee ; 
Corp.=--Corporal ; d.=died or dead; D. of C.=date of com- 
mission ; des.=deserted ; dis.=discharged ; disa.=disability ; 
err.=enlisted; ex. of s.=expii'ation of service; F. & S.^Field 
and Statf; G. 0.=General Order; H. Arty.=Heavy Artil- 
lery ; Infty.=Infantry ; k.=killed ; lat. add.:=latest address ; 
Lt. or Lieut.=Lieutenant ; M.=married; M. I.=mustered in; 
M. 0.=mustered out; mos.=months; mus.=musieian ; M. V. 
M.=Mass. Vol. Militia; N. F. R.=no further record; N. G.= 
National Guard ; 0. W. D.=Order, War Department ; prora.= 
promoted; prin. mus.=principal musician; rep.=reported ; 
res.^resigned; re-en.=re-enlisted ; S. S.=sharpshooter ; Sergt. 
=sergeant; trans.^transferred ; S. IT.^Soldiers' Home; V. 
R. C.=Veteran Reserve Corps; wd.=:wounded; W. D.=War 
Department; S.=single. 

In giving- facts concerning- each name, the same order ob- 
tains throughout the roster; the family name of the soldier 
comes first, followed by his Christian appellation ; in a few 



318 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 




GENERAL SAMUEL C. LAWRENCE. 
IN LATER LIFE. 



Field and Staff. 319 

instances, place and time of birth are oiven, but, as a rule, 
age. whether married or single, occupation, when enlisted 
and residence follow in order; incidents in the army life of 
the soldier come next, continuing with date of leaving the 
service for any reason, and concluding with data as to life 
subsequent to discharge. In the three-months' service, as the 
several companies, unless otherwise stated, were all mustered 
in on the same days, the fact is not restated in the list. In 
the three-months' service, whether married or single is seldom 
given. The a])i)lication of the system is seen in the following 
illustrations : 

Armstrong, James, 28, Salem; dis. June 8, '61, disa. ; later 
Corp., Co. B. 17th Mass.; d. June 2, 1909, Salem. 
Printed in full the above record would read : 
Armstrong, James, at the age of 28 years, enlisted from Sa- 
lem; was enlisted and mustered in with his company and 
discharged for disability; that he later enlisted as a cor- 
poral in Company B, of the 17th Regiment of Mass., and 
died June 2, 1909, in Salem. 

Field and Staff. 

(Unless otherwise stated, all otficers and men were mustered into 
the United States service Mav 1, 1861, and mustered out July 31, 
1861.) 

*Served in the 9 months' term. f Served in the 100 days' term. 

COLONEL. 

Samuel Crocker Lawrence, 28; Medford; D. of C, July 
23, 1860 ; wd. Bull Run July 21, '61 ; commissioned Briga- 
dier General, M. V. M., June 10, '62, by Gov. John A. 
Andrew; resigned Aug. 20, '64; in 1869 elected to the 
command of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery; 
though prominent in the councils of state and national 
politics, he steadfastly declined all official positions, ex> 
cept that of Presidential Elector in 1876, and the merited 
honor of being the first INIayor of JMedford; he has served 
with honor and distinction as director in financial and 
charitable institutions, also in various railroad cor- 
porations, notably in the Eastern, Maine Central 
and Boston & Maine; he has long taken great 



320 Fifth Regiment, ]\I. \'. ]\I., Three Months. 

interest in Free ]\Iasonry, in whose ranks he has 
held the highest offices, being- for many years one 
of the most active in the Supreme Council of the Scot- 
tish Eite and for fourteen years was the Deputy for 
Massachusetts; largely through his agency a charitable 
fund has been established in every body with which he 
has been connected; three times he was elected Grand 
^Master of the ^Masonic Order in Massachusetts, and his 
efforts contributed largely to the final payment of the 
debt on the iMasonic Temple in Boston ; his library bear- 
ing on ^Fasonic topics is one of the most extensive in the 
couutry : perhaps one of the greatest honors of his en- 
tire life is the fact that the Grand Army Post of Med- 
ford bears his name, since prophets are not always hon- 
ored in their own city. Of English lineage, traced from 
Robert Lawrence, Lancashire, who was knighted by 
Richard Cteur de Lion, 1191, in the Crusades as ''Sir 
Robert of Ashton Hall," his descendant in the twenty- 
fourth generation, our Colonel, was born in Medford, 
Nov. 22, 1832, the son of Daniel and Elizabeth (Crocker) 
Lawrence. His preparatory work being done in Med- 
ford, he was gTaduated with honors from Harvard Uni- 
versity in 1855. The same year entering the militia, 
his progress was steadily upward, reaching a colonelcy, 
as above. Before the war he was offered a commission 
in the regular army, which he declined. 

lieutenant-colonels. 

fames Durell Greene, Cambridge; D. of C, July 23, 
18G0; dis. June 26, '61, for commission as Lieut. -colonel, 
17th U. S. Infantry; D. of C, May 14, '61; 
commanded regiment at Fort Preble, Portland, Me., 
until June, '63 ; joined Army of the Potomac and was 
engaged at Gettysburg; Colonel, 6th U. S. Infantry, Sept. 
20, '63; commanding regiment, Charleston Harbor, S. C. ; 
bvt. Brig. General V. S. Army, ]\Iarch 13, '65 ; resigned 
June 25, '67. Subsecpient to his resigTiation. Colonel 
Greene visited Europe and, when in England, was strick- 
en with paralysis, from whose effects he never fully re- 
covered. Never marrjdng, his later years were spent 
in Ypsilanti, Michigan, where he died March 21, 1902, 



Field and Staff. 321 

his body receiving burial in the family lot, Mt, Auburn 
(Cambridge) Cemetery. He was born in Lynn May 12, 
1828, and was graduated from Harvard in 1849, with a 
strono- bent for military affairs, so that he early joined 
the Cam])ridse City Guards, to whose captaincy he was 
soon advanced. Before the war, he was in command 
of the 4tli Eegiment, M. V. M. His own preferences 
would have taken him to West Point rather than Har- 
vard, but his mother objected on account of her brother 
having died while a cadet at the Military Academy. 
Having invented a lu-eeeh-loading gun, he was engaged in 
filling a 10,000 stand of arms order for the Prussian Gov- 
ernment when the war l)egan. 
*t George H. Pierson, promoted from Captain, Co. A, July 5, 
'61 ; M. 0. with regiment ; vide nine months, and 100 
days' service. 

MAJORS. 

Hamlin Wales Keyes, b. Connecticut; 28, Boston; D. of C, 
Aug. 27, 1860; dis. June 25, '61, for Com. as Captain, 
14th U. S. Infantry ; D. of C, May 14, '61 ; bvt. Major, 
Maj^ 5, '64, for gallant and meritorious conduct at the 
Wilderness; d. June 18, '64, from wounds rec'd May 12, 
Spottsylvania. 

*John T. Boyd, prom, from Captain, Co. K, July 5, '61 ; 
M. 0. with regiment ; vide nine months service. 

ADJUTANTS. 

Thomas Oliver Barri, b. Connecticut; 35, Cambridge; D, of 
C, June 5, 1856; dis. July 8, '61, for Com. as Captain. 
11th U. S. Infantry ; D. of C, May 14, '61 : k. Gettysburg, 
July 2, '63; bvt. Major for gallant and meritorious C(>n- 
duct at Gettysburg. 

John G. Chambers, appointed Adjutant, July 8, '61, from 
1st Lieut., Co. E ; M. 0. with regiment ; First Lieut., 23d 
Mass. Infty., Oct. 5, '61; Major, Mar. 15, '62; Lieut. -col., 
Nov. 26, '62 ; d. July 13, '64, from wds. rec'd at Drewry 's 
Bluff, Va. ; General Lawrence said of him, "He was a 
born soldier, and those details of the military art which 
many learn only by painful application seemed to come 
to him by inspiration." 
21 



322 Fifth Rpxumext, M. \. ]\I., Three Months. 

QUARTERMASTER. 

Joseph E. Billings, 40. Boston; D. of C, Ang. 15, '60; .\[. 0. 
with regiment. 

SURGEON. 

Samuel H. Hurd, 30, Charlestown ; D. of C, Aug. 13, '61 ; i\I. 
0. with regiment. 

ASSISTANT SURGEONS. 

Henrj^ H. Mitchell, 22, East Bridgewater; detached. July 1, 
'61, to 11th X. Y. Infty. (Col. Elmer Ellsworth's Fire 
Zouaves) ; JM. 0., July 31, '61; 1st Lieut., Assistant Sur- 
geon, 39th INIass., Aug. 25, '62 ; dis., Nov. 1, '63, for prom. 
as ]\Iajor. Surgeon 36th V. S. Colored Infty.; res. July 
15, '64. 

William W. Keene. 24. Philadelphia ; appointed July 1, '61 ; 
M. I. July 11. '(il ; ^I. O. with regiment. 

CHAPLAIN. 

Benj. F. DeCosta, 29, Charlestown; D. of C, April 17, '61; 
M. 0. with regiment ; Chaplain, 18tli Mass. Infty., Dec. 
6, '61 ; res. disa., Aug. 4, '62. 

PAYMASTER. 

George F. Hodges. 24. Roxburv; I), of C, May 8, '61; :^^. 0. 
with regiment : First Lieut, and Adjutant, 18th Mass. 
Infty., Aug. 20. '61; d. Hall's Hill, Va., Jan. 31. '62, of 
disease (typhoid fever) contracted in the service; h. Jan. 
12, 1837, "Providence, E. L; Harvard College, 1855; 
Harvard Law School. I860: en. private, Co. K, April 20, 
1861 ; detailed at regimental headquarters until com- 
missioned. 

SERGEAXT-MA.TOR. 

Henry A. Quincy. 44. Charlestown; M. 0. with regiment. 



Company A. 323 



QUARTERMASTER-SERGEANT. 



Samuel C. Hunt, appointed from Co. K, June 28, '61 ; M. 0. 
Aug. 1, '61 ; vide letter W. D. Nov. 16, '95. 



HOSPITAL-STEWARD, 



Nathan D. Parker, 29, Reading; jM. 0. with regiment; later 
Hospital-steward, 9th I\Ias.s. Infty, ; M, 0. disa. Dec. 18, 
'62. 



DRUM-MAJOR, 



Charles Foster, 84, Charlestown ; IM. 0. with regiment; en. 
Feb. 4, '64, from Waltham as Mus., Co. E, 59th Mass. 
Infty., becoming Principal Mus. (F. & S.), March 4, 
'65 ; trans, with same rank, June 1, '65, to 57th Mass, ; 
M, 0. July 30, '65, ex. of s. ; d. Charlestown. 



FIFE-MAJOR. 

Freeman Field, 44, Charlestown ; M. 0. with regiment ; 
enlisted as Principal Musician, 32d Mass. Infty., Dec. 1, 
'61; dis. Oct. 6, '62, 0. W. D. ; enlisted as Principal 
Musician, April 22, '63, Co. C, 1st Battalion Heavy 
Arty. ; M. 0. Oct. 20, '65, ex. of s. ; d. before 1886. 

Company A. 

(Mechanic Light Tnfantiy, Co. B, 7th Regt., M. V. M., Salem. Unless 
otherwise stated, all enlisted April 1(5. '61.) 



CAPTAINS. 

George H. Pierson, 45, 8alem ; D. of C, Jan. 17. 1857 ; prom. 

Lieut. -colonel, July 5, '61. 
Edward II. Staten from 1st Lieut. July 6th, '61 ; M. 0. with 

regiment ; Captain, Co. B, 7th Inftv., M. V. M., July 1, 

'62— Dee. 81, '62; Captain, 6th Inftv., M. V. M., 100 

days, July 15, '64--Oct. 27. '64. 



324 Fifth Regiment, ]\I. ^'. M., Three ^Months. 



FIRST LIEUTENANTS. 

Edward H. Staten, 29, Salem; prom. Captain, July 6, '61. 
Lewis E. Wentworth, from 2d Lieut.. July 6, '61 ; M. 0. with 

regiment; Captain, 2d Co.. S. S., with 22d Regt. ; res. 

Julv 16, '62 ; again Captain, same company, Aug. 20, 

'62- disa. May 18, '63. 

SECOND LIEUTENANTS. 

Lewis E. Wentworth, 38, Salem; prom. 1st Lieut, July 6, 

'61. 
Charles D. Stiles, from 1st Sergt., July 6, '61: M. 0. with 

regiment : First Lieut., 2d Co., S. S., with 22d Regt. ; res. 

Aug. 4, '62 ; d. Oct. 8, 1908, Boston. 

SERGEANTS. 

Charles D. Stiles (1st), 25, Salem: prom. 2d Lieut., Julv 6, 

'61. 
James H. Estes (1st), 32, So. Danvers ; from Sergt., July 

6, '61 : 1910. Salem. 
Benj. K. Brown. 28, Salem ; later wagoner, 2d Unattached 

Co. (L), 3d Mass. Car., Oct. 21, '61— Dee. 27, '64. 
David N. Jeffrey, 28, So. Danvers; later Sergt., 2d Co., 

S. S., with 22d Regt., Sept 18, '61— Oct. 17, '64. 
Albert J. Lowd. 21 (painter), Salem; from Corp., July 6, 

'61 : b. Salem ; 15 vears Asst. Treas. and Collector, 

Salem; Adjt., Post 34, G. A. R.; Past Grand, I. 0. 0. F. ; 

Past Chief Patriarch and Scribe, Salem Encampment ; d. 

Jan. 4, 1904, Salem. 

CORPORALS. 

Albert J. Lowd, 21, Salem: prom. Sergt., July 6, '61. 
John W. Hart, 21, So. Danvers ; en. Feb. 28. '62, 1st Mass. IL 

Arty.; re-en. Feb. 28, '64; 1st Sergt.. Feb. 29, '64; dis. 

June 21. '65, disa. 
James H. Sleeper, 32, Danvers : later Sergt. : Co. K, 8th Regt. ; 

9 mos. service; d. Topsfield. 
Joseph M. Parsons, 21, Salem; later 2d Lieut., Co. B, 7th 

Regt., M. V. M. ; 6 mos. service ; 1st Lieut., Co. A, 1st 

Batt. H. Arty., Jan. 30, '63; 1st Lieut, 3d H. Arty., 

Nov. 24, '63 ; Captain, May 28, '64 ; M. 0. Sept. 18, '65 ; 

1910, Salem. 
John F. Clark, 28, Salem; from private, July 6, '61. 



Company A. 325 

PRIVATES. 

Adams, Charles P., 23, Salem; later 1st Co., S. S., "\vith 15th 

Infty. ; d. June 26, 1893, Salem. 
Allen, Charles W., 20, Danvers; later 1st Sergt., Co. K, 8th 

Regt. ; 9 mos. service ; lat. add. Philadelphia, Penn. 
Bailey, Edwin, 25, Danvers ; later 1st Lieut., Co. K, Sth 

Regt. ; 9 mos, service; 1910, Haverhill. 
Briggs, Henry T., 21, Danvers; prisoner. Bull Run, July 21, 

'61; M. 0., June 24, '62, with party released prisoners; 

later Co. H, 3d H. Arty. ; d. Feb. 16, 1910, Danvers. 
Burrows, Wm. A., 28, Danvers. 
Burton, Jacob, 25, Danvers. 
Buxton, George B., 18, Salem ; dis. July 12, '61, disa. ; d. 1905, 

Everett. 
Buxton, George F., 22, Salem; later Salem Cadets, 1862; 

also Q. M. Sergt., Co. B, 2d H. Arty.; 1910, Everett. 
Buxton, Samuel H., 24, So. Danvers; 1910, Peabody. 
Gate, Samuel H., 20, Salem; prisoner. Bull Run, July 21, '61; 

M. 0. with party released prisoners, June 24, '62. 
Chipman, Charles G., 21, Salem ; later 1st Sergt., Co. B, 24th 

Mass. ; 2d Lieut., 54th Mass., May 31, '63 ; 1st Lieut., Jan. 

20, '64; Captain, Dec. 16, '64; M. 0. Aug. 20, '65; d. 

Green Bay, Wis., Jan. 25, 1887. 
demons, Wm. H., 20, Salem; later 2d Co., S. S., with 22d 

Regt. ; 1910, Salem. 
Crane, Albert J. 25, Danvers; later 2d Co., S. S., wth 22d 

Regt. 
Crosby, Lyman D., 23, Danvers. 
Crowell, George M., 29, Danversport ; later Sergt., Co. B, 7th 

M. V. M., 6 mos. service, 1862 ; later 2d Lieut., Co. I, 6th 

M. V. M., 100 days service, 1864 ; 1910, Danvers. 
Daniels, John B., 30, Salem; later Co. E, 48th Mass. Infty. 
Davenport, David, 20, Salem. 
Davidson. Henry, Jr., 19, Salem; later served 4 years in 4th 

Battery; d. Dec, 1904, Salem. 
Davis, Charles W., 21, Salem. 
Dodge, Charles W., 23, Salem. 

Dominick, Joseph, 21, Salem; later Co. H, 29th Mass. 
Dowst, Joshua W.. 24, Salem; later 1st Unattached Co. 

(Read's Co.), 3d Mass. Cav. ; also Sergt, Co. I, 6th M. 

V. M., 100 days service, 1864. 



326 Fifth Regiment, ]\I. V. M., Three ^Months. 

Drown, AVilliam P., 23, Salem. 

Ford, John F., 24, Salem; later Sergt., Co. E, 48th Mass. 

Infty. 
Fuller, George H., 25, Danvers ; later Co. B, 2d H. Arty. 
Gardner, Abel. 24, Salem ; later 2d Co., S. S., with 22d Re^. ; 

also Corp., Co. B, 1st Batt. H. Arty. 
Gardner, Charles AV., 18. Salem ; Salem Cadets, 1862 ; U. S. 

XaAy. July 15, '63— Aug. 15, '64; 1910, Somerville. 
Gardner,' William H.. 21, Salem; 1910. Salem. 
Giles, Charles H., 18, Salem : later Co. I, 6th M. V. M., 100 

days. 1864 ; 1910, Danvers. 
Gilman. John T., 19, Danvers; 1910, Lynn. 
Glidden, Joseph H., 20, Salem; later 1st Sergt.. Co. B, 7th 

M. Y. M.. 6 mos., 1862; also 1st Lieut.. Co. I, 6th M. V. 

M., 100 days, 1864 : d. Sept. 5, 1892. Salem. 
Gwinn, Charles H.. 25. Salem: later Corp. Co. B. 7th M. V. 

M.. 6 mos., 1862 : also Sergt. Co. I. 6th :\I. V. M., 100 days, 

1864. 
Hildreth, Elbridge H., 32, So. Danvers; later wagoner, Co. C, 

23d Mass. : d. S. H., Togus, Me. 
Hill, James, 20, Danvers; later 1st Sergt., Co. C, 33d Mass. 
Howard, John H., 19, Danvers ; later Corp., Co. B, 7th M. V. 

M., 6 mos., 1862; 1910, Peabodv; 1). Jaekson, Me., Jan. 

4, 1842. 
Hurd, William H., 30, Salem; later 2d Lieut., Co. B, 50th 

Mass. 
Kehew. John H., 26, Salem; Co. B, 24th :\Iass. 
Leavitt. Israel P., 28, Salem; dis. June 8. '61, disa. ; later 

Corp., Co. B. 17th Mass. ; d. June 2, 1909, Salem. 
Leonard, James, 21, Salem; later Sergt, Co. B, 7th M, V. M., 

6 mos., 1862; also 1st Sergt., Co. A, 3d H. Arty.; ]910, 

Boston. 
Libby, Henry, 23, Salem; later Sergt., Co. B, 7th M. V. M., 

6 mos., i862 ; 1910, Salem. 
Lufkin, William, 25, Danvers. 
]\Iansfield, John R., 40, Salem; orderly to Lt.-eol. Pierson; 

later Co. B. 7th M. V. M., 6 mos., 1862 ; also wagoner Co, 

A, 1st Batt. Arty.; d. Oct. 4, 1908, Salem. 
Maxfield, James, Jr., 23, Salem. . 
Meleher, Levi L., 27. Salem ; later Co. B, 7th M. V. M., 6 mos., 

1862 ; also 2d Co., S. S., with 22d ISIass. ; 1910, Salem. 



Company A. 327 

Moore, Denison P., 21, So. Danvers; wd. hip. Bull Eun; d. 

1903, Peabody. 
Morse, George W., 22, Salem; later Co. B, 7th M. V. M., 6 

mos., 1862. 
Moser, John IJ., 18, Salem; later Co. D, 22d Mass.; d. Dan- 
vers. 
Moses, James, 21, Beverly; later Co. A, 23d Mass.; also Co. 

G, 40th Mgss. ; d. Beverly. 
Monlton. Henry W., 20, So. Danvers ; later 1st. Lieut., Co. K, 

35th Mass., also 1st Lient. and Adjt., Co. A, 3i)th Mass. 
Munroe, Stephen N., 27, Salem. 
Mnnsey, Joseph C, 19, Danvers; later Sergt., Co. H, 14th N. 

H. Vols. 
Nimblet, Benj. F., 29, Salem; later Corp., Co. B, 23d Mass. 
North, James D., 21, Danvers; later Co. D, 62d Mass. 
Osborne, John H., 18, Salem; 1910, Detroit, Mich. 
Osborne, Laban S., 20. Salem; later Co. A. 1st H. Arty, 
Palmer, William H., 20, Salem. 
Patten, James W., 18, Salem; wd. elbow. Bull Run. 
Peabody, William M., 19, Salem; later 4th Battery; d. Salem. 
Perry, Henry W., 40. Salem. 
Phippen, Charles H., 22, Salem ; later Sergt., Co. B, 7th M. V. 

M., 6 mos., 1862; also Co. A, 1st H. Arty.; 1910, Salem. 
Poor, James. Jr., 29, So. Danvers; later Co. C, 1st H. Arty. 
Ponsland, John H., 20, Salem; later Corp., Co. A. 1st Batt. H. 

Arty. ; 1910, Amesbnry. 
Pratt, Calvin L., 19, Salem; later 4th Battery. 
Pratt, Lewis R., 21, Salem; later Sergt., Co. L. 2d H. Arty.; 

d. July 5, 1899, Salem. 
Ricker, Chas. W.. 18 ; Danvers. 
Rix, Asa W. S., 18, Danvers; 1910, Saratoga, N. Y. 
Semons, Francis A., 23, Salem; later Co. B, 7th M. V. M., 6 

mos., 1862; also Co. E, 2d H. Arty.; d. Dee. 16, 1899, 

Chelsea. 
Sloper, Henry, 29, Danvers ; later Corp., Co. B, 7th M. V. M., 

6 mos., 1862 ; also Co. E, 2d H. Arty. 
Sloper, William A., 23, Salem. 
Smith, Henry J., 22, Salem. 
Smith, Robert, 20, Danvers; later Sergt., 2d Co., S. S., with 

22d :\Iass. 
Stiles. William W., 27, So. Danvers; d. Wellesley. 



328 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M,, Three Months. 




J. H. Howard 



Geo. 



F. Buxton 
Co. A. 



A. W. S. Rix 



Svinoiids, Nathaniel A., 26, Salem ; later Corp., Co. I, 6th M. 

V. :\f., 100 days, 1864. 
Tufts, Rufiis W., 20, Salem. 
Warren, Edward J., 27, Salem: 1910, Salem. 
Webber, Mendall S., 23, Danvers ; 1910, Salem. 
Weeks, William H., 22, Salem; d. (typhoid feyer) Sept. 3, 

1861, Salem; bnr. by Company, under arms.. 
West, George, 27, Salem; later Co. B. 7th M. V. M.. 6 mos., 

1862. 
Wheeler, Samuel B., 23, Salem ; Co. A, 1st Batt. H. Arty. 
Williams, Charles A., 20, Salem; later Serg-t.. Co. I, 6th M. V. 

M.. 100 days, 1864; d. June 13, 1898, Peabody. 
Wilson, James, 29. Topsfield : later 2d Lieut.. Co. D, 48th 

Mass. ; d. Noy. 18, 1902, Topsfield. 

Company B. 



(Richardson Light Guard, Co. E, 7th Regt., M. V. M., South Reading 
now Wakefield. Unless otherwise stated, all enlisted April 16, '61.) 



Company B. 329 



CAPTAINS. 

John W. Locke, 30, So. Reading; D. of C, April 17, '61; M. 
0. with regiment; Lieut. -colonel, 50th Mass., Nov. 11, '62 
—Aug. 24, '63; d. Wakefield, Aug. 24, 1892. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

Charles H. Shepard, 33, So. Reading; D. of C, April 30, '61; 
M. 0. with regiment; 2d Lieut., 1st H. Arty.. March 19, 
'62; 1st Lieut., Jan. 16, '63; dis. Nov. 18, '64, disa. ; d. 
April 23, 1902, Wakefield; had served in the Mexican 
War. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT. 

James D. Draper, 29, So. Reading; D. of C, April 30, '61; 
M. 0. with regiment; 2d Lieut., Co. E, 50th Mass.; also 
served as Corp. in Co. E, 1st Batt., H. Arty. ; 1910, Hope- 
dale. 

SERGEANTS. 

George W. Townsend (1st), 33, So. Reading; later served as 

Corp. in Co. E. 24th Mass.; also as Sergt., Co. C, 59th 

Mass.; 1910, Wakefield. 
Jason H. Knight, 22, So. Reading; later served as 1st Sergt., 

Co. E, 50th Mass. ; also as 1st Lieut., Co. E, 8th M. V. M., 

100 days, 1864. 
Benj. F. Barnard, 36, So. Reading; later served as 2d and 1st 

Lieut., Co. K, 23d Mass.; res. Aug. 19, '63; also 1st 

Lieut, and regimental Quartermaster, 59th Mass. ; 1910, 

Wakefield. 
George W. Aborn, 26, So. Reading; prisoner. Bull Run, July 

21, '61; exchanged and M. 0., June 1, '64; d. July 26, 

1890, Wakefield. 

CORPORALS. 

William E. Ransom, 27, So. Reading. 

James W. Sweetser, 32. So. Reading; served as Sergt., Co. E, 

8th Mass., M. V. M., 100 days. 1864. 
George H. Greene, 26, So. Reading ; served as Sergt., Co. E, 

50th Mass. ; d. at sea, Jan. 10, 1863. 
James A. Burditt, 24. So. Reading; served as Sergt., Co. E, 

50th Mass. ; also as 2d Lieut., Co. E, 8th Mass., M. V. M., 

100 days. 1864. 



330 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 

MUSICIANS. 

Alvin Drake, Jr., 31. So. Reading; later served in band, 19th 

Mass. ; d. 1910. Melrose. 
William V. Vaux. 24, So. Reading-; later served in Co. A as 

Musician, 1st Batt., H. Arty. ; d. 1900, Chelsea. 



PRIVATES. 

Abbott, Oramel G., 27, Reading; later 2d Lieut., Co. D, 50th 

^lass. ; d. Milford, Conn. 
Adams. Oliver S., 19, Readino- ; later in Cos. B and C. 1st R. 

I. Cav. ; 1910, Lynn. 
Anderson, Charles E.. 20. So. Reading; later Sergt., Co. K, 

22d Mass. ; also V. R. C. ; d. Dec., 1904, Haverhill. 
Anderson, James H., 23, So. Reading; later Co. K, 24th Mass. 
Barker, Samuel S.. 22, Andover ; later 1st Co. S. S., with 16th 

:\Iass. 
Batchelder, George W., 22, IMelrose; later Sergt., Co. K, 22d 

Mass. ; also 1st Sergt. 32d Mass. 
Beckwith, Robert S., 21, So. Reading; later 1st Sergt., Co. G, 

20th Mass. ; 2d Lieut., July 7, '62 ; d. Dec. 31, '62, from 

wds. rec'd at Fredericksburg. 
Bixby. Hiram, 20, So. Reading. 
Burditt, George A., 18, So. Reading. 
Coney, John S., 37, Reading; later 1st Lieut., Co. D, 50th 

Mass.; d. 1902, Worcester. 
Cook, Jonathan, Jr., 28, Reading; later Co. H, 24th Mass.; d. 

Dec. 5, '64, Annapolis, 'Sid. 
Dix. Joseph 0., 51. So. Reading; later Co. E, 50tli Mass. 
Eaton, Alvin A., 18, Reading. 
Eustis, Henry W., 26, So. Reading; en. U. S. Signal Corps, 

April 29, '64 ; Wiscasset, Me. 
Eustis, Joseph S., 27, So. Reading; later Corp., Co. E, 50th 

Mass. ; Avd. hand. Bull Run ; d. 1909, Fayette, Iowa. 
Fairbanks, James M., 20, So. Reading; later Co. G. 24th 

Mass.; 1910, Wakefield; d. Feb. 24. 1911. 
Fletcher. Charles X.. 22. Reading. 
Foster, Davis, 27, So. Reading: later 1st Sergt, Co. H, 24th 

jNIass. ; prom. 2c] and 1st Lieut., Captain; Bvt.-major, 

March 13. '65. 



Company B. 



331 



Griggs, James H., 23, Reading; wcl. and prisoner. Bull Run, 
July 21, '61; M. 0. June 1, '62; later Sergt, Co. D, 33d 
Mass.; en. Jan. 18, '64, 37th U. S. Col. Troops; Com. 
Sergt., Feb. 1, '64; 2d Lieut., Oct. 27, '65; b. 1838, Ded- 
ham ; 1910, Somerville. 




Charles T. Harrington (B). Geo. T. Childs (K). 

IN LATER YEARS. 



Harrington, Charles T., 23, So. Reading; later Co. E, 50th 

Mass. ; d. Oct., 1905, Wakefield. 
Hart, John F., 18, So. Reading; later Co. H, 24th Mass.; also 

Co. A, 1st H. Arty. 
Hartwell, Albert A., 20, Reading; later Co. E, 1st Batt. H. 

Arty.; 1910, Woburn. 
Hayden, Frank W., 26, So. Reading; later Sergt., Co. E, 1st 

Mass. Cav. ; also 1st Lieut., Co. D, 1st Batt. Cav. ; d. Dec. 

18, 1908, Wakefield. 



332 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 

Hayden, Wm. H., Jr., 32, So. Reading; later Sergt., Co. B, 

1st Batt. H. Arty. 
Hayward, Alex M., 20, Reading ; later Sergt. and 1st Sergt., 

Co. C, 24th Mass. ; prom. 2d and 1st Lieut. ; res. as Cap- 
tain, May 15, '65; P. 0. Foreign Dept., Boston; d. May, 

1897. 
Hosmer, Orran S., 31, Woburn; also found as Oliver; d. 

Feb. 19, S. H., Chelsea. 
Hoyt, Henry D., 28, So. Reading. 

Kidder, George H., Jr., 24, So. Reading ; later Co. E, 1st Cav. 
Lord, Byron, 20, So. Reading; later served in 11th Battery, 
Lord, George H., 19, So. Reading; 1910, Philadelphia, Penn. 
McGee, Edward, 20, So. Reading; en. June 20, '61; M. L 

July 4, '61 ; served in Co. C, 24th Mass. ; also in Co. E, 

192d Penn. ; also in the Navy. 
McKay, Gordon, 19, Melrose; later 2d Lieut., 22d Mass. 
McKay, Thomas M., 25, So. Reading; later Sergt., Co. G, 

20th Mass.; prom. 2d and 1st Lieut, and Captain; as- 
sassinated in camp, near Culpeper, Va., Oct. 6, 1863. 
McKenzie, John, 24, Boston; b. Prince Edward Isle, 1838; 

came to Boston, 1858 ; learned patriotism from Dr. E. 

N. Kirk, Ashburton Place; 1910, Roxbury. 
Morrill, James M., 24, So. Reading; later Corp., Co. E, 50th 

Mass.; also 1st Sergt., Co. E, 8th M. V. M., 100 days, 

1864; 3910, Boston. 
Moses, George, 20, So. Reading; later Co. E, 50th Mass.; 

also U. S. Signal Corps. 
Nichols, George W., 21, Reading; later Sergt. and 1st Sergt., 

Co. H, 24th Mass.; prom. 2d and 1st Lieut, and Captain; 

d. Nov., 1903. 
Parker, Nathan D., 29, Reading; prom. Hospital Steward, 

May 1, '61. 
Parker, William D., 35. Reading; later Co. H, 24th Mass.; 

d. Nov. 30, 1906, Wakefield. 
Parsons, Benj. W., 24, Lynnfield ; dis. June 3. '61, disa. ; 

later Sergt., Co. L, 3d Cav. ; prom. 2d Lieut. ; dis. July 

15, '64, disa. 
Peterson, Leonard, 20, Reading. 

Pratt, Edwin, 23, So. Reading; later Co. E, 1st Batt. Arty, 
Rahr, Christian E., 21, Reading ; later as Rohr in Co. F, 32d 

Mass. ; trans, to V. H. C, ; 1910. Custom House, Boston, 



Company B. 333 

Rayiier, John, 37, So. Reading; d. 1891, AVakefield. 

Rayner, Ozias, 33, So. Reading; later Sergt., 21:th Mass.; 

" had served in the Mexican War; d. Mar. 28, 1900. 
Robinson, Charles H., 21, Reading; later Sergt., Co. G, 20th 

:\Ias.s. 
Ronndy, John D., 21, Reading; later Sergt., Co. E, 20th 

iMass., also given as DeRonda. 
Sherman, William H., 30, Reading; later Co. C, 6th M. V. M., 

9 mos. 1862 ; d. Feb. 16, 1901, Reading. 
Smith, Thomas, 23, Stoneham. 
Stephens. John R., 22, Stoneham. 
Sweetser, Oliver S., 28, So. Reading. 
Sweetser, Thomas, 27, So. Reading; later Sergt., Co. E, 50th 

Mass. 
Thompson, Charles, 25, So. Reading. 
Thompson, John F., 25, S. Reading; later Corp., Co. K, 

4th H. Arty.; 1910, Medford. 
Tibbetts, Charles H., 24, Reading; dis. June 3, '61, disa. 
Tibbetts, Frank L., 20, Reading; prisoner, Bull Run, July 

21, '61 ; ex. and M. 0. June 1, '61 ; 1910, West Epping, 

N. H. 
Twiss, Adoniram J., 29, So. Reading. 
Tyler, Wm. N., 26, So. Reading; later Corp., Co. E, 50th 

Mass. ; also Sergt., Co. E, also Sergt. -major, 8th M. V. 

I\I., 100 davs, 1864; b. Dec. 7, 1834, Andover; 1910, 

Wakefield. 
Walker, William H., 23, So. Reading; later 2d and 1st Lieut. 

and Captain, 20th Mass. ; res. April 26, '64. 
Wardwell, Henry F., 18, Reading ; later Co. D, 33d Mass. ; d. 

Feb. 16, '64. 
Warren, Horace M., 20, So. Reading; later 1st Lieut., 50th 

Mass. ; also 1st Lieut, and Adjt., 59th Mass. ; Maj., Aug. 

4, '64; d. of wds. rec'd at Weldon R. R., Aug. 19, '64. 
Weston, Robert H., 23, Reading; later Corp., Co. A, 20th 

Mass.; d. Jan. 13, '63. 
Wiley, Joseph E., 23, So. Reading; later Co. L, 1st H. Arty.; 

d. May 11, 1899, Wakefield. 
Wiley, William, 25, So. Reading; later Sergt., Co. A, 17th 

Mass. 
Wilkins, Edward L., 25, So. Reading; later Sergt., Co. K, 

4th H. Arty. 



334 Fifth Regiment, M. \. M., Three Months. 

Wyman, William, 19. :\Ielrose ; later Co. C, 24th Mass.; d. 
Feb. 23, 1903. 

Company C. 

(Charlestown Artillery, Co. D [before the war], 5th Eegt., M. V. 
M. Unless otherwise stated, all enlisted April 16, '61. 
*Served in 9 months' term, t Served in 100 davs' term. 



C^VPTAIN. 

William R. Swan, 34, Chelsea; D. of C, June 13, I860; M. 
0. with regiment ; 1910, Chelsea. 



FIRST lieutenant. 

Phineas H. Tibbetts, 38, Charlestown; D. of C, June 13, 
1860; M. 0. with regiment. 



second lieutenant. 

John W. Rose, 26, vSo. Boston; D. of C, June 13, I860; M. 
0. with regiment ; 1910, Boston. 



third lieutenant. 

Hannibal D. Norton, 22, Chelsea; D. of C, June 13, 1860 
M. 0. with regiment; Captain, 32d I\[ass. ; later V. R. C. 
Bvt.-major March 13. '65; b No\ . 9, 1838, Addison, Me. 
boyhood spent in Boston; 1866, Asst. Inspct. Genl., 
Dept. Carolinas; later, till 1869, Commander West. 
Dist., N. C. 

FOURTH LIEUTENANT. 

* + George II. ?klarden, 21, Charlestown; D. of C, June 13, 
I860 ; ^I. 0. witb regiment ; vide Co. D, 9 mos. service, 
also 100 days. 



Company C. 335 

sergeants. 

*Thomas F. Howard (1st), 28, Cliarlestown ; vide Co. D, 9 

mos. ; later Corp., Co. K, 4th Cav. 
Charles AV. Strout, 28, So. Dedham. 
James H. Rose, 23, So. Boston. 
*tCharles P. Whittle, 21, Charlestown ; vide Co. D, 9 mos., 

also 100 days. 

CORPORALS. 

Samuel E. Holbrook, Jr., 25, Charlestown. 

Henry W. Copps, 21, Boston; later Sergt., Co. E, 47th Mass. 

Joseph J. Bell, 21, Boston. 

*Valentine Walberg, 19, Somerville; vide Co. I, 9 mos. 

MUSICIAN. 

George Oakley, 20, Charlestown ; later served in band of the 
19th Mass. ; also as Mus., 1st Batt., H. Arty., and as 
private, Co. B, 43d Mass. 

PRIVATES. 

*Ash, William G., 24, Charlestown ; vide Co. D, 9 mos. 
Blood Hiram, 28, Charlestown. 

*Branch, Hiram R., 30, Charlestown ; vide Co. D, 9 mos. 
*Chamberlain, John H., 27, Charlestown; vide Co. D, 9 mos. 
Chase, Charles L., 26. Charlestown; later in 10th Battery. 
*tChell, George, 33, Charlestown; vide Co. D, 9 mos., also 100 

days. 
Cheslyn, Richard W., 21, Charlestown ; later Co. D, 1st Mass. 

Cav. ; d. June 17, '63, Aldie, Va. 
Clark, John W., 18," Charlestown. 
Clark, Stephen M., 22, So. Boston; wd. Bull Run; later as 

Charles Rogers in Co. D, 12th Mass. 
Cobleigh, Charles C, 19, Townsend ; later Co. L, 1st Cav. and 

Co. L, 4th Cav.; d. Feb. 5, 1909, Brighton. 
Colburn, Charles F.. 23, Charlestown ; later 1st Sergt., Co. H, 

29th Mass.; 1910, Charlestown. 



336 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 

Connor, Thomas, 24, Boston. 

Craig, Thomas F.. 25, Boston ; later Sergt., Co. E, 22d Mass. 

Cross, George W., 20, Charlestown ; later Co. I, 32d Mass. ; b. 

Aug. 6, 1840, Sebec. Me. ; morocco dresser at enlistment ; 

later engineer, member Post 10, G. A. R. ; d. Dec. 27, 

1906, AA^orcester. 
Davis, Charles L., 24, Charlestown. 
Davis, George AV., 23, Charlestown. 
Davis. George AA". G., 19, Charlestown ; later Co. G, 22d 

Mass.; d. Nov. 6, 1902, S. H., Chelsea. 
^Dean, John, 20, So. Boston; later served in the U. S. Navy; 

vide Co. A, 100 days. 
Dickey, Neal S., 21, Deering, N. H. ; later Sergt., Co. D, 3d 

Cavalry. 
Doyle, AViliiam J., 21, Charlestown; later Corp., Co. I, 32d 

Mass. 
^Dwight, Joseph F., 36, Charlestown ; vide Co. D. 100 days. 
Fales, Lowell E., 25, AValpole. 
Fitzpatrick, Thomas B. N., 22, So. Boston; later 37th U. S. 

Colored Troops, originally the 3d North Carolina. 
Foster, Edward, 30, Charlestown; wd. head, and prisoner, 

Bull Run, July 21, '61; dis. June 24, '62; later Co. E, 

59th Mass.; trans, to Co. E, 57th; d. April 17, 1897, 

Boston. 
Fox, Edward, 21. Charlestown. 
French, AViliiam C, 19, Northampton. 
*Gabriel, AViliiam E., 42, Saugus ; vide Co. D, 9 mos. 
Gammons, Charles A., 19. Charlestown. 
Gifford, Albert D., 27, Stockholm, N. Y. ; later Co. H, 50th 

Mass. 
+ Gossom, Elijah D.. 24, Charlestown; later Co. K, 16th Alass. ; 

vide Co. D, 100 days; also Co. A, 2d Cav. 
Grant, Melville C, 20, Chelsea ; d. 1894, Aledford. 
Hatton, James, 24, Charlestown ; later Sergt., Co. C, 28th 

Mass. ; 1910, Charlestown. 
Haves, AViliiam, 28. AValtham ; later Co. AI, 1st Cav.; d. Dec. 

' 27, '63, Hilton Head, S. C. 
Herman, Conrad, Jr., 23, Boston ; later Co. K. 1st Alass. Infty. 
Hobart, George AV., 23, Boston ; wd. Bull Run ; later Co. C, 

1st Cav. 
Jones, Alelville D., 19, Plaistow, N. H. ; later Corp., 6th M. 

V. M., 9 mos., 1862; 1894-6, Alderman, Somerville; Rep. 

Legislature, 1897-8; d. June 22, 1910. 



Company C. 337 

Kilborn, Albert. 20. Salisbury, N. H. 

*tKilhani, George W., 23, Charlestown; vide Co. D, 9 mos., 

also 100 days. 
+Lake, Alpheus A., 22. Charlestown; later 8th Battery, 6 

mos., 1862; vide Co. D, 100 days. 
Lane, Frank W., 25, Charlestown ; wd. Bull Run ; d. 

Waltham. 
Leslie, Albert S., 24, Wobnrn ; later 1st Sergt., Co. K, 39th 

Mass. 
Lincoln, Joshua AV., 24, Charlestown ; d. April 4, 1903, East- 
ham. 
Lord, Charles L., 31, Charlestown ; later Corp., 3d Battery. 
McClond, John, 28, Charlestown. 
tMcIntire, John C, 22, Boston ; later Corp., Co. E, 22d Mass. ; 

vide Co. D, 100 days. 
tMiller, Engene J.. 19, Boston ; vide Co. D, 100 days. 
Morrison, Daniel P., 24, Cambridge. 
Nichols, Charles H., 23, Saiisbnry, N. H. 
Norton, George, 24, Boston ; later U. S. Navy ; 1910, Salem. 
Oakman. Winslow S., 27, Charlestown ; wd. Bull Rnn ; later 

1st Sergt., Co. I, 32d Mass. ; also Sergt., Co. H, 2d H. 

Arty.; 1910, S. H., Togns, Me. 
Peeler, Albert, 19, Charlestown; later Sergt., Co. G, 1st 

Cav. ; 1910, State House, Boston. 
Penney, Charles H., 30, So. Boston. 
*Perham, Albin B.. 34, No. Belgrade, Maine ; vide Co. D, 9 

mos. 
Pfaff, Francis W., 22, Boston ; w^d. ankle. Bull Run ; later as 

Wm. F. Sellinger, Co. K, 2d Cav. ; 1910, Taunton. 
Pratt, John ^l. P.. 23, Charlestown ; wd. abdomen, Bull Run. 
Quinn, Alaurice M., 21, Townsend; later Co. B, 1st Cav. 
Reed. Freeman H., 22, Charlestown. 

Richardson, Alvah, 22, Townsend; later Co. B, 26th Mass. 
Robertson, John, 35, So. Boston ; later Sergt., Co. F, 28th 

Mass. 
Rowe. Charles A., 27, So. Boston. 
Selvey, William, 32, So. Boston; later Corp., Co. E, 61st 

]\Iass. 
Smith, Lewis, 20, Charlestown ; wd. knee, Bull Run. 
Stone, Horace P., Jr., 27, Woburn; dis. June 2, '61, disa. 
Sullivan, Humphrey, Jr., 27, Charlestown ; later 1st Lieut., 

Co. A, 28th Mass. 

22 



338 Fifth Regiivient, M. \. M., Three Months. 

Wade, James P., 27, Chelsea; later Sergt., Co. C, 32d Mass.; 

prom. Serg-t. -major, 2d and 1st Lieut. 
White, William H., 38, Charlestown ; later Corp., Co. I, 32d 

Mass.. trans. V. R. C. 
Willan, Thomas, 24, Charlestown ; later Cos. L and A, 1st H. 

Arty. 
Worthen, Harvey R., 26, So. Boston ; later Co. I, 32d Mass. 
Wotton. Bernard, 28, Boston ; \vd. Bull Run ; returned to 
. Eng-land to resume his position as Lieutenant in Royal 

Xavy. 
Yendley, Joseph B.. 22, Boston. 
Zoller. George H.. 21, Charlestown ; later Co. C, 1st Cav. 

Company D. 

(Haverhill Liorht Infantry [Hale Guards], Co. G, 7th Regt., M. V. 
M. Unless otherwise stated, all enlisted April 16, '61.) 

CiVPTAIN. 

Carlos P. Messer, 27. Haverhill ; D. of C, Nov. 2, 1859 ; M. 
0. with regiment; later Colonel, 50th Mass.; d. Los 
Angeles, Cal., Feb. 13, 1907. 



FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

George J. Dean, 32, Haverhill; D. of C, April 4, I860; M. 
0. with regiment; d. Oct. 22, 1902, Haverhill. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT. 

Daniel F. Smith, 38, Haverhill; D. of C, April 4, I860; M. 
0. with regiment. 



THIRD LIEUTENANT. 

Charles H. P. Palmer, 35, Haverhill; D. of C, June 25, 1860; 
M. 0. ^\^th regiment; d. Haverhill. 



Company D. 339 

fourth lieutenant. 

Thomas T. Salter, 29, Haverhill ; M. 0. with regiment ; 1st 
Lieut., Co. H, 22d Mass.; k. Gaines' Mills, June 27, '62. 



SERGEANTS. 

John J. Thompson (1st), 25, Haverhill; later Captain, Co. 

H, 22d Mass. 
George W. Edwards, 40, Haverhill; later Captain, Co. G, 

50th Mass. ; also Co. B, 1st Batt. Cav. 
James M. Palmer, 40, Haverhill ; d. before 1892. 
John F. Mills, 22, Bradford; later 1st Sergt., Co. H, 17th 

Mass.; 1910, Bradford. 



CORPORALS. 

William Salter, 21, Haverhill ; later Sergt., Co. H, 22d Mass. 
George W, Wallace, 21, Haverhill; later 1st Lieut., Co. G, 

50th Mass. 
Van Buren Hoyt, 30, Haverhill. 
Daniel J. Haynes, 30, Haverhill; later 1st Sergt., Co. H, 22d 

Mass. ; prom. 2d Lieut. ; d. Oct. 20, '62. 



MUSICIANS. 

John E. Mills, 45, Bradford; later Co. D, 17th Mass.; d. 

May 11, 1899, Bradford. 
Leonard Sawyer, Jr.. 25, Haverhill ; later Prin. Mus., 17th 

Mass. 
Orlando S. Wright, 29, Haverhill ; later Co. G, 17th Mass. 

PRIVATES. 

Bickford, Ebenezer B., 33, Haverhill; d. Jan. 24, 1905, Read- 
ing. 

Bowen, Charles, 21, Haverhill; later Co. D, 1st Cav. 

Bromley, Lyman P., 22, Haverhill; Ljiter Co. G, 17th Mass.; 
also 1st Sergt., Co. G, 4th Cav. ; d. March 14, '64. 



340 Fifth Regiment, ]\I. V. M., Three ]\Ionths. 

Bromlev. Orrin B.. 19. Haveihni. 

Burnham. Charles, 20, Haverhill ; later Co. M. 1st H. Arty. 

Buswell, George P., 21, Alton Bay. N. H. ; later Co. B, 12th N. 

H. ; d. Feb. 27, 1896. Haverhill. 
Caswell. Joseph A., 24. Haverhill. 
Chandler, Samuel A., 25. Bridgewater ; later Sergt., Co. I. 

1st Cav. ; also Co. I. 4th Cav. 
Colbv, John, Jr., 20. Haverhill; dis. June 2. '61. disa. 
Coles, Thomas J., 30. Haverhill. 
Collins, Enos, 27, ]\rethnen ; later Co. C, 6th :\1. V. I\r.. 100 

davs, 1864. 
Collins. Hiram S., 26, Haverhill : k. Bull Run, July 21, '61. 
Cook. William P.. 27. Haverhill ; dis. June 2. '61, disa. ; later 

Co. L. 4th H. Arty. 
Davis. Stephen H.. 22, Haverhill ; later Co. I, 15th Maine ; d. 

Boston. 
Dawson, Prank, 20, Haverhill ; later Sergt., Co. H, 22d Mass. ; 

trans. 1st U. S. Cav. 
Dodge, George S., 23, Boxford ; later Co. F, Corp., 35th 

Mass. ; 1910, Bradford. 
Dodge, Orrison J., 23, Haverhill ; later 1st Sergt., Co. K, 22d 

Mass.; k. Malvern Hill, Va., July 1, '62. 
Edwards. Nathaniel M.. 23, Haverhill; later Co. G, 1st N. Y. 

Engineers; b. July 5, 1837, Haverhill; Union College (N. 

Y.), C. E., 1859;^ 1866, Appleton, Wis., Civil and Hy- 
draulic Engineer; d. July 20, 1908. 
Ellison, Horace, 19, Exeter, X. H. ; later U. S. Navy. 
Emerson, Edward H., 20, Haverhill; later Sergt., Co. D, 17th 

Mass. ; d. Nov. 17, '63. Sandown, N. H. 
Fogg, George P., 32, Haverhill; later Corp., Co. H, 22d 

Mass.; also Co. D. 1st Cav.; 1910, Danville, N. H. 
Foster, George B., 32, Haverhill ; later U. S. Navy ; d. before 

1892. 
Fowler, Samuel W.. 27. Haverhill; later Corp., Co. H, 22d 

Mass.; d. Oct. 20, 1893, S. H., Chelsea. 
Frost, James, 22, Haverhill. 
Gould. Albert H., 20, Haverhill. 
Gould, Royal D., 24, Haverhill; later Sergt., Co. G, 50th 

Mass.; also Farrier, Co. B, 1st Batt. Cav.; 1910, Cam- 
bridge. 



Company D. 341 

Greenleaf, Matthew N., 27, Exeter, N. H. ; later 1st Sergt., 

2d and 1st Lieut., Captain, 6th N. H. Infty. ; severely 

wounded, July 30, '64, mine explosion, Petersburg, Va. 
Gushee, Franklin A., 18, Haverhill ; later Sergt., 6th Battery. 
Hatch, Joshua, Jr., 27, Haverhill; later 1st Sergt., Co. G-, 

50th Mass. 
Hersum, Greenleaf, 19, Haverhill. 
Holmes, Varnum E., 22, Haverhill; later Co. L, 1st Cav. ; 

trans., Co. L, 4th Cav. 
Jackson, Hiram H., 21, Haverhill. 
Judge, Charles W., 23, Haverhill; later 1st Sergt., Co. I, 17th 

Mass. ; also Sergt., Co. B, 1st Batt. Cav. 
Kaler, Cornelius, 21, Bradford ; later Sergt., Co. D, 1st Cav. ; 

also 1st Lieut, and Captain, Co. M, 5th Cav. 
Kief, Thomas, 19, Haverhill ; later Corp. and Sergt., 1st Cav. ; 

re-en., trans, to 4th Cav., and prom. 2d and 1st Lieut. 
Kiernan, Frank T., 19, Haverhill ; dis. June 2, '61, disa. ; later 

Sergt., Co. H, 4th Cav. 
Knowles, Charles K., 23, Haverhill; later Co. H, 22d Mass.; 

prom. 2d Lieut. ; d. July 11, '63, from wds. reed, at 

Gettysburg. 
Livingston, Murray V., 20, Haverhill ; later bugler, Co. D, 1st 

Cav. ; 1910, Boston. 
Meserve, Ebenezer, 28, Haverhill ; later Co. B, 1st Batt. Cav. 
Mills, Charles E., 18, Bradford ; later Co. D, 17th Mass. 
Mills, William W., 20, Bradford; later Co. I, 1st H. Arty.; 

d. May 11, 1910, Haverhill. 
Murch, Charles, 23, Haverhill. 
Noyes, Ariel S., 32, Haverhill; later Sergt., Co. D, 17th 

Mass.; d. Nov. 10, 1907, Amesbury. 
Osgood, Joseph H., 32, Haverhill; later Co. D, 17th Mass.; 

also Co. D, 1st Cav. 
Parmalee, Henry H., 24, Haverhill; later Sergt., Co. M, 1st 

H. Arty. ; d. from wds., 1864. 
Pecker, John B., 21, Haverhill; later Co. D, 17th Mass.; 

also Co. B, 62d Mass. 
Philbrook, David T., 23, Haverhill ; later Sergt., Co. H, 22d 

Mass.; k. June 27, '62, Gaines' Mills, Va. 
Phillips, Leonard W., 22, Bradford; later 1st Sergt., Co. D, 

17th Mass. ; d. Oct. 5, '64, rebel prison. 



342 Fifth Regiment, M. V. ]M., Three ^Months. 

Eay, Albert F., 19, Haverhill; later Sergt., Co. D, 1st Cav. ; 

prom. Sergt. -major, 2d and 1st Lieiit. ; trans, to Co. H, 

4tli Cav., and prom. Captain ; 1910, Haverhill. 
Richards, Fitz J., 19, Haverhill; later Corp., Co. H, 22d 

Mass. ; also Co. M, 4th H. Arty. 
Rogers, Tristum G., 32, Bradford. 
Shaw, James A., 36, Haverhill; wd. hip, and prisoner, Bull 

Run. July 21, '61 ; paroled and M. 0. Mav 27, '62 ; later 

Co. G, 35th Mass. 
Shute, Alonzo M., 30, Haverhill; later 2d and 1st Lieut., Co. 

H, 22d Mass. 
Smith, Henry J., 23, Haverhill. 
Smith, Nahum F., 21, Haverhill. 
Stanley, Harrison, 40, Haverhill. 
Steele, William H.. 18, Haverhill; later Sergt., 2d and 1st 

Lieut., Co. H, 22d Mass. 
Stimpson, John F., 25, Haverhill; later Sergt., Co. G, 17th 

Mass. 
Stowe, Andrew F., 23, Haverhill ; later 2d Lieut., Co. G, 50th 

Mass. 
Taylor, Henry, 33, Haverhill. 
Tuttle, Hiram 0., 24, Effingham, N. H. ; later Corp., Co. L, 

1st N. H. H. Arty. 
Watkins, Charles S., 18, Groveland; later Sergt., Co. B, 25th 

Mass. ; k. June 3, '64, Cold Harbor, Va. 
Webber, Wellington B., 19, Groveland; later 7th Battery. 
Wyman. George P., 21, Haverhill. 

Company E. 

(Lawrence Light Guard, Co. E, 5th Eegt., M. V. M., Medford. Un- 
less otherwise stated, all enlisted April 16, '61.) 

* Served 9 months' term, t Served in 100 days' term. 

CAPTAIN. 

John Hutchins, 40, Medford; D. of C. Aug. 8, 1859; M. 0. 
with regiment ; later Captain, Co. C, 39th Mass. ; com. 
Lieut.-colonel, June 7, '65, not mustered; d. Oct. 12, 
1905, Medford. 



Company E. 343 

first lieutenant. 

John Gray Chambers, 34, Medford; D. of C, Aug. 8, 1859; 
app. Adjt., July 8, '61 ; M. O. with regiment ; a printer 
by trade, he was city collector for the Boston Courier 
in '61 ; served through the Mexican War. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT. 

Perry Coleman, 26, Medford; D. of C, Feb. 12, '61; M. 0. 
with regiment ; later 1st Lieut., Co. C, 39th Mass. 

THIRD LIEUTENANT. 

William H. Pattee, 28, Cambridge; M. 0. with regiment; 
1910, Arlington. 

SEROEANTS- 

Isaac F. R. Hosea (1st), 28, Medford; later 2d Lieut., Co. 

C, 39tli Mass. ; prom. 1st Lieut., not mustered ; d. April 

16, 1893, Medford. 
Samuel M. Stevens, 27, INIedford ; later 1st Sergt., Co. C, 

39th Mass. ; k. May 10, '64, Laurel Hill, Va. 
James A. Bailey, 24, Cambridge; 1910, Arlington. 
William H. Lawrence, 26, Cambridge ; k. while bearing the 

colors. Bull Run, July 21, '64; he fell, pierced by two 

balls. 

CORPORALS. 

Sanford Booker, 26, Medford. 

William J. Crooker, 28, Medford; wd. July 21, '61, Bull 

Run. 
Benjamin Moore, 22, Medford. 
Luther F. Brooks, 28, Medford ; d. Dec. 20, 1899, Boston. 

MUSICIAN, 

Richard Pitt, en. and M. I., Alexandria, Va., July 4, '61 ; M. 
0. with regiment; d. Aug. 13, 1895, S. H., Chelsea. 



344 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 

PRIVATES. ^ 

Alden, AVilliani F.. 27. :\[edf()rd ; later Corp- Co. C, 39th 

Mass.: 1910. Cambridge. 
Aldridge, William H. H., 20, Boston; later Co. E, 3d Cav. : 

Co. F, 59tli Mass.; trans. Com. Sergt., F. & S., 57tli 

Mass. 
Austin, Ebenezer V., 24, Randolph ; later Corp., Co. H, 23d 

Mass. 
Barri, Martin V. B., 22, Cambridge. 
Benham, Daniel, 26, Medford ; dis. June 29, '61 disa. ; later 

Corp., 1st Batt. ; trans. 9th Battery. 
Bisbee, Horatio, Jr., 21. Medford; later Lieut.-eolonel and 

Colonel, 9th Maine Infty. ; 1910, Jacksonville, Fla. 
Bishop, John, 24. ]\Iedford. 
Booker, George D.. 21. Medford; later Corp.. Co. C, 39th 

Mass. ; trans. Y. R. C. ; d. Medford. 
Braden, Angus, 28, Medford; later as Braydon, Co. I, 20th 

Mass.; d. March 3. '63. 
Bragdon. Stephen M., 24. Kingston, X. H. 
*Burbank, William H.. 23, Medford; vide F. & S., 9 mos. ; 

later 1st Lieut., Co. I, 58th IMass. ; d. June 11, '64, White 

House Landing, Ya. 
Carr, John P., 21. Medford; later Co. I. 20th Mass. 
Carr, Royal S.. 23, Medford ; later Sergt., Co. C, 39th Mass. ; 

1910, Winchester. 
Cheney, Daniel S., 25, Medford; later 1st Battery; k. June 

30, '62, Charles City Cross Roads, Ya. 
Clapp, Meletiah 0., 21, Medford; later Corp., Co. C, 39th 

Mass. ; trans, to U. S. Navy. 
Currier, Sidney, 20, Medford; later Sergt., 3d H. Arty. 
Curtis, Frank J., 20, Medford ; later Co. C, 39th Mass. ; d. 

Feb. 26, '63, Richmond, Ya. 
Gushing, Henry H. D.. 20, INIedford ; later Sergt., Co. G, 39th 

Mass. ; 1910. Medford. 
Gushing, Pyam, Jr., 21, Medford; d. before 1886. 
Dane, William H., 24, Medford ; wd. Bull Run ; d. Feb. 20, 

1895, Medford. 
Davis, Joseph, 20, JMedford ; later Hospital-steward, 30th 

Mass. ; prom. 2d and 1st Lieut., Adjt. 
Davis, William L., 38, Medford; Inter Co. A, 17th Mass. 



Company E. 345 

Dede, Herman, 26, Medford. 

Dow, Albert F., 27, Medford; wd., Bull Run; later Sergt., 

Co. C, 39th ]\Iass. 
Duckrell, Wm. J., 35, Chelsea; later Co. E, 40th Mass.; 2d 

Lieut., 61st Mass.; d. July 29, 1894, Alexandria, Vd. 
Eames, John H., 26, Medford; later 1st Sergt. and 2d Lieut., 

Co. C, 39th Mass. ; b. Dec. 16, 1834; came home from the 

war broken in health, and for several months totally 

blind; recovering his health, from 1870 to 1886 was 

postmaster of Medford; later removed to Marshfield 

Hills; 1910, Marshfield. 
Emerson, William B. F., 24, Cambridge. 
Fletcher, Joel M., 25, Medford; later Corp., Co. C, 39th 

Mass.; d. Aug. 25, '64. 
Fletcher, Stephen W., 23, Medford; later Corp., Co. C, 39th 

Mass.; trans. V. R. C. 
Fowler, Stephen D., 28, Chelsea ; later 1st Sergt., Co. C, 35th 

Mass. 
*Ginu, James F., 20, Medford ; vide F, 9 mos. 
Hadley, Charles R., 22, Medford; 
*Haskell, Alfred, 30, Medford ; vide F, 9 mos. 
Hawkins, Henry M., 21, Boston ; later Co. C, 1st H. Arty. ; 

b. Dover, N. H., Oct. 20, 1840; save for army service 

was in Boston Fire Dept. from Sept. 1, '61, to Feb. 16, 

1906, when he retired at his own request. 
Ilolman, Herbert A., 20, Medford; later Paymaster's clerk, 

AVashington, D. C. ; d. Boston. 
Hoyt, John H., 18, Medford; prisoner, Bull Run; ex. and M. 

0. May 29, '62. 
Ireland, Henry A., 21, Medford; later Sergt., Co. C, 39th 

Mass. ; prom. 2d Lieut. ; 1910, Medford. 
Jacobs, Henry B., 18, INIedford ; later 8th Battery, 6 mos., 

1862. 
+Keene, Lewis H., 26, Medford ; vide Co. A, 100 days. 
Kuhn, Charles H., 28, Boston. 
Lawrence, Lemuel P., 26, Boston ; later 8th Battery, 6 mos., 

1862. 
Lewis, Augustus B., 20, Medford ; later Co. K, 17th Mass. 
Lord, Lewis 0., 19, Medford. 
Loring, Freeman A., 23, Medford ; d. Medford. 
Manning, James, 30, Boston. 



346 Fifth Regiivient, ]M. V. M., Three Months. 

Mills, Palemou C, 26, Watertown ; later 1st Sergt., Co. B, 

33d Mass. ; prom. 2d and 1st Lieut. 
Morrison, Isaac T., 40, Medford; later Sergt., Co. C, 39tli 

Mass. ; d. Feb. 23, '65, Salisbury, N. C. 
Palmer, Edward J., 30, Roxbury. 
Peak, George E., 24, Medford ; wd. Bull Run. 
Pearson, Jonas M., 20, Newton. 
*Pierce, Elisha Nye, 30, Medford; wd. July 21, '61, Bull 

Run ; vide Co. F, 9 mos. 
Prouty, William N., 18, Medford. 
Ramsdell, Emery W., 31, Medford ; wd. Bull Run ; later 

Corp., Co. C^ 39th Mass. ; 1910, Medford. 
Reed, Henry F., 42, Medford; en. and M. I. May 21, '61; 

later 1st Sergt., Co. D, 1st Cav. 
Richards, Mandeville F., 22, Medford; wd. Bull Run; k. at 

a fire, Nov. 4, '61, Medford. 
Richardson, Caleb" T., 28, Medford. 
Robinson, Edwin H., 23, Dedham. 
*Russell, Charles, 26, Medford ; vide Co. F, 9 mos. 
Russell, Hubbard, Jr., 19, Maiden ; later Co. A, 44th Mass. ; 

d. June 18, 1908, Maiden. 
Sawyer, George, 21, Medford; later Co. C, 13th Mass. 
Sherman, Gilbert B., 22, Medford ; later 8th Battery, 6 mos. 

1862; also Co. I, 18th, and Co. K, 32d Mass. 
Smith, Jones L., 25, Woburn ; later Jst Soxg Co. K, I9th 

Mass. 
Smith, Joseph, 25, Medford; later Co A, 1st Cav. 
Taylor, James H., 19, Medford; 1' ''Co. H, 23d Mass. 
Teel, George E., 18, Medford; di. . .!unr P, 'oi, disa. ; 1910, 

Falmouth. 
Thorpe, Alfred M., 28, Cambridge. 
Tufts, Augustus, 45, Medford; later Co. B, 1st Cav. 
Tupper, George F., 24, Chelsea. 
Turner, James H. R., 24, Medford. 
Turner, Samuel H., 23, Medford; en. and M. I. May 21, '61; 

wd. Bull Run; later Sergt., Co. C, 39th Mass.; d. March 

24, 1907. 
Usher, James F., 22, Medford; dis. May 13, '61, disa.; d. 

Boston. 



Company F. 347 

Company F. 

(Wardwell Tigers, Boston; raised specially for the 5th, though some- 
what affiliated with the 1st Eegt., M. V. M. Unless otherwise stated, 
all enlisted April 19, '61.) 

CAPTAIN. 

David K. Wardwell, 36, Boston ; D. of C, April 18, '61 ; M. 
0. with regiment; later Captain, Co. B, 22d Mass.; also 
Major and Lieut.-eolonel, 38tli Mass. ; b. 1823, Washing- 
ton, D. C. ; 1846, Sergt., Co. F, 1st M. V. Infty., Mexican 
War, attached to staff of Gen'l Franklin Pierce; d. 
Aug. 16, 1908, Tombstone, Arizona. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

Jacob Henry Sleeper, 22, Boston ; D. of C, April 18, '61 ; 
M. 0. with regiment; later 1st Lieut., 1st Battery; also 
Captain, 10th Battery ; Brvt.-major, Dec. 2, '64. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT. 

eorge G. Stoddard, 25, Brookline; D. of C, April 18, '61; 
. M. 0. Av.irr "regiment. 

1.'"'^ LIEUTENANT. 

Horace P. Williams,, Z^ Brookline; D. of C, April 18, '61; 
M. O. with regiment; later Captain, 22d Mass.; also 
commissioned Major, 56th Mass., not mustered. 

FOURTH LIEUTENANT. 

Horatio N. Hubbard; D. of C, April 18, '61; M. 0. with 
regiment ; by Higginson he is made 1st Lieut., 31st 
Mass., but no record of the same is carried on the regi- 
mental roll. 



348 Fifth Regiment, jM. V. M., Three jMonths. 

SERGEANTS. 

Frederick K. Field (1st). 25, Xorthfield ; later 1st Lieut, and 
Captain, Co. B, 22d ]\lass. ; also Captain, 128th U. S. 
Colored Troops. 

James W. R. Hill, 34, Boston. 

Calvin S. Mixter, 29, Boston; appointed Sergt.. from Corp., 
June 2, '61 ; later Corp., Co. B, 22d Mass. ; also 1st 
Lieut., 37th U. S. Colored Troops; 1910, Maiden. 

Dominicus J. Wardwell, 23, Stoneham; dis. June 2, '61, disa. 

Charles W. Cassebourne, 28, Boston; k. Bull Run, July 21, '61. 

CORPORALS. 

Samuel Richards, 27, Stoneham. 

SoJomon Low, 34, Boston. 

Samuel W. Tuck, 30, Boston ; appointed June 2, '61 ; later 
1st Sergt., 2d and 1st Lieut., Co. B, 22d Mass. ; d. Man- 
chester. 

Stephen Brendal, 34, Boston ; appointed June 10, '61 ; later 
Co. M, 3d Cav. ; trans, to V. R. C. 

MUSICIANS. 

William S. Bean, 29, Stoneham. 

James H. Xewell. 29, Lowell ; later Co. E, 39th Mass. ; d. Jan. 
4, 1903, Jamaica Plain. 

PRIVATES. 

Beal, James A., 26, Stoneham ; later Co. B. 22d Mass. ; also 
Co. B, 24th Mass. 

Brady, John G., 28, Lowell; later Co. G, 19th Mass. 

Coleman, Lewis E. J., 28, Boston ; dis. June 8, '61, disa. ; 
later Co. K, 19th Mass. 

Connolly, Hugh. 18, Stoneham. 

Cook, John, 18, Boston. 

Courtney, Daniel J., 18, Boston ; later member of non-com- 
missioned staff, 36th U. S. Colored Troops, formerly 2d 
N. C. Regiment; d. Jan. 11, 1905, Boston. 



Company F. 349 

Crowley. Daniel, 20, Boston; later Mus., Co. E, 39th Mass. 
Danforth, Joseph C, 19, Boston; later Corp., Co. D, 30th 

Mass. 
Dodge, Charles S., 19, Boston ; later Co. C, 32d Mass. 
Dodge, John S., 21, Boston ; later as Charles E. Leslie, Co. F, 

20th Mass. 
Emerson, Albert 0., 18, Stoneham; later Co. B, 22d Mass.; 

trans, to Co. L, 32d Mass. 
Ferguson. David, 33, Boston; later 1st Sergt., Co. K, 22d 

Mass. 
Fitzpatrick, Daniel, 18, Boston ; later Co. B, 1st Cav. 
Foley, Patrick W., 27, Stoneham. 
Ford, Henry W., 22, Boston ; later Co. E, 11th Mass. 
Forest. Closes, 20, Stoneham. 
Gaitley, Patrick, 19, Stoneham. 

Gile, Phinando N., 20, Boston ; dis. Jnne 2. '61, disa. 
Gorham, Charles E., 19, Boston; later 1st Sergt., Co. E. 22d 

Mass. 
Hanham, William C, 19, Boston ; later Co. A, 30th :\lass. 
Harvey, James A., 19, Boston; later 9tli Battery. 
Hatch,' EdAvard K, 27, Boston; later Co. E, 4th'?klaine. 
Healev, Patrick G., 20, Boston. 
Hettler, Thomas, 20, Boston; en. June 20, '61 ; M. I. Julv 4, 

•61 ; k. Bull Run, July 21, '61. 
Hill, Joseph C, 24, Boston ; later Corp., Co. E, 22d Mass. 
Hoyt, David W., 19, Amesbury; later Sergt., Co. B, 22d 

]\rass. ; also Sergt., Co. E, 1st Batt. H. Arty. 
Lamos, Charles T., 18. Boston ; later Sergt., Co. K, 22d Mas=!. 
Leighton, Xehemiah, 18, Boston ; later 11th Battery, 9 mos., 

1862. 
Low, Isaac ISl., 32, Boston ; prisoner. Bull Run ; ]\I. 0. June 

18, '62 ; Schouler says k.. Bull Run ; S. H. rolls carry him 

as Isaac Lord in Co. H, 2d Cav. 
May, William 0., 25, Boston ; later Co. D, 48th Mass. 
Mcbavilt, William, 19. Boston; later as AVm. M., Sergt., Co. 

K, 39th Mass. 
McMahon, ]\Iichael, 19, Boston ; no record of ]\I. 0. in Boston 

or Washington. 
McSweenev, Bernard, 19, Cambridge; prisoner at Bull Run; 

M. 0. June 24, '62. 
Mooney, James, 23, Haverhill. 



350 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 

Morris, George 0.. 18, Boston ; later Co. K, 22d. Mass. ; trans. 
Y. R. C. 

Morse, George E., 20, Boston ; later Sergt., Co. G, 19th Mass. 

Nichols, Robert F., 25, Boston. 

O'Hara, Stephen. 20, Stoneham; pris.. Bull Run; dis. Dee. 11, 
'61 ; later Corp., Co. C, 50th Mass. 

Reed, James H., 19, Charlestown ; later Co. I, 30th Mass. ; also 
4th Unattached Company, 90 days, 1864. 

Richardson, William H., 18, Stoneham ; d. July 7, '61, from 
accidental discharge of pistol held by himself, June 23, 
'61, Alexandria, Va. 

Riley, Hugh F., 18, Boston. 

Roby, George W., 30, Lowell ; later 1st Sergt. and 1st Lieut,, 
Co. B, 22d Mass. 

Ryan, William P., 20, Boston ; later Co. I, 9th Mass. 

Schneider, Jacob, 18, Roxbury ; later Co. C, 20th Mass. ; k. 
Sept. 17, '62, Antietam, Md. 

Smith, Sanford A., 18, Stoneham ; dis. June 8, '61 ; disa. ; 
later V. R. C. 

Snow, Henry, 21, Boston. 

Spinney, Robert M.. 22, Boston; later Sergt., Co. K, 13th N. 
H. ; also 2d and 1st Lieut, and Bvt. -captain, U. S. Col- 
ored Troops; 1910, Medford. 

Stetson, Joseph, 18, Boston ; later Co. B, 22d Mass. 

Stewart, Charles W., 20, Boston ; dis. June 8, '61, disa. 
'Sullivan, Bartholomew, 31, Boston; sentenced by court mar- 
tial to jail until Aug. 1, '61, and to forfeit all pay; dis- 
honorably discharged Aug. 1, '61. 

Taylor. Owen, 21, Marlboro ; later Co. E, 28th Mass. 

Wallace, Henrv D., 20, Stoneham; later Sergt., do. K, Sth 
M. V. M.,^9 mos., 1862. 

Wardwell, Cvrus T., 18, Stoneham; pris., Bull Run; M. 0. 
June 24,' '62; 1910, Oxford, Me. 

Warren, Joseph G., 21, Charlestown; later Sergt., Co. I, 32d 
Mass.; trans. V. R. C. ; 1910, Somerville. 

Warren, Thomas A., 23, Boston; later 1st Sergt., 2d and 1st 
Lieut., Co. F, 30th Mass. 

White, Wallace B., 23, Boston; dis. June 2, '61, disa. 

Wiggin, Isaac H., 20, Boston. 

Wifcutt, Wm. C, 28, Stoneham ; deserted ; N. F. R. in the 
Sth ; later Co. E, 39th, and Co. K, 59th Mass., from both 
of which he deserted. 



Company G. 351 

Williams, Edward J.. 18, Roxbury; pris., Bull Run; M. 0. 

Jan. 11, '62; later Co. A, 1st Batt. H. Arty. 
Wilson, John, 26, Boston; no record of M. 0. 
Wilson, William H., 18, Boston. 
Yeager, Charles II., 20, Boston. 

Company G. 

(Concord Artillery, Co. A [before the war], 5th Eegt., M. V. M. 
Unless otherwise stated, all enlisted April 19, '61.) 

*Served in 9 months' term. tServed in 100 days' term. 

CAPTAIN. 

George L. Prescott, 31, Concord; D. of C, April 30, '61; M. 
O. with regiment; later Captain, Co. B, 32d Mass.; 
prom. Lieut. -colonel and Colonel ; d. June 19, '64, from 
wds. rec'd the day before in front of Petersburg; Bvt. 
Brig-general. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

Joseph Derby, Jr., 40, Concord; U. of C, April 30, '61 ; M. 0. 
with regiment ; 1910, Concord. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT. 

Humphrey H. Buttrick. 35, Concord; D. of C, April 30, '61; 
later 1st Lieut., Co. G, 47th Mass.; also 1st Lieut, and 
Captain, 59th Mass. ; d. July 20, 1893, Concord. 



THIRD LIEUTENANT. 

Charles Bowers, 46, Concord ; D. of C, April 30, '61 ; later 
1st Sergt., 1st Lieut, and Captain, Co. G, 32d Mass. 



SERGEANTS. 

William S. Rice (Lst), 28, Concord; pris.. Bull Run; M. 0. 
June 18, '62. 



352 Fifth Regiaient, ^I. V. ^l., Three Months. 

George F. Hall, 25, Concord; later 2d Lieut., Co. G, 47th 

3Ia.ss.; d. Nov. 29, 1909, Concord. 
Cvriis Hosmer, 26, Concord; pris.. Bull Eun; ^I. 0. June 

24, '62. 
George W. Laiiriat, 21, Concord : appointed from Corp., 

June 22. '61 ; later 1st Sergt., Co. G, 32d Mass. ; 2d and 

1st Lieut., Captain; Brvt.-niajor, April 9, '65; b. 1839; 

d. April 26. 1S91, Concord. 



CORPORALS. 

Stephen H. Remolds, 26, Concord; later Sergt., 1st Battery; 

1910, Hyde Park. 
Francis M. Gregory, 24, Concord ; later 1st Sergt., Co. G, 

47th Mass. 
George Buttrick, 24, Concord ; later Corp., Co. G, 47th 

Mass. ; also Capt., 75th U. S. Colored Troops. 
Samuel S. Wood, 26, Concord ; appointed June 22, '61. 



PRIVATES. 

Ball, George H., 26, Concord; later Co. G, 47th Mass. 

Ball. Warren B., 31, Concord; later Corp., Co. G, 47th Mass. 

Bates, William C, b. Hanover, May 25, 1838; 22, Boston; 
pris.. Bull Run ; M. 0. June 24, '62. Leaving Hanover 
Academy at 16, his subseciuent education was self-ac- 
quired ; resuming the activities of life, he entered busi- 
ness, was for some time in the City Council of Newton ; 
1910, insurance. Boston, with residence, Newton ; life 
member Boston's Y. ^l. C. U., of Newton's Post, G. A. 
R., and of several other educational, historical, social 
and scientific clubs; d. Nov. 4, 1910, Newton. 

Bowers. William. 21, Concord: printer. S. ; later Co. K, 
44th Mass. 

Brackett, Edward J., 19, AYaltham ; later Corp., Co. D. 35th 
:\Ia8s. 

Brown, Azro D.. 24, Concord; later Sergt., Co. B, 40th Mass. 

Brown, John, 2d, 24, Concord ; later Sergt., Co. G, 47th 
:\]ass. ; 1910, Concord. 

Brown. William A., 22, Concord; later Co. B. 40th Mass. 



Company G. 353 

Buttriek, Francis, 34, Concord ; later Co. B, 32d Mass. ; 

d. July 28, '63, from wds. rec'd at Gettysburg 
Carter, James W., 19, Concord; later Sergt., Co. 0, 17th 

j\Iass. ; 1910, Concord. 
Clapp, William M., 26, Concord; 1910, Keene, N. IT. 
Clark, Richard R., 32, Concord; later Co. C, 59th Mass.; 

d. June 17, '64, Annapolis, jNId. 
tCormick, Peter, Jr., 19, Woburu ; en. June 16, M. I. July 

4, '61 ; vide Co. G, 100 days. 
Dalton, Jeremiah, Jr., 19, Braintree ; later Co. C, 22d Mass. ; 

k. June 27, '62, Gaines' Mills, Va. 
Dean, Joseph G.. 41, Concord; later Co. K, 39th Mass. 
Deering, Eugene ]M., 18, Lincoln; later Corp., Co. I, 30th 

Mass.; also Co. D, 8th M. V. M., 100 days, 1864; dis. to 

re-en. as Corp., Co. C, 30th Mass. ; d. Lincoln. 
Doyle, Thomas, 22, Concord; later Co. D, 1st Cav. 
Farmer, Henry, 26, Concord. 

Farrar, Levi B., 20, Concord; later Co. C, 47th Mass.. 
Fitzpatrick, Francis F., 21, Boston. 
Garty, James, 38, Concord. 
Goodwin, James W., 1*9, Woburn ; en. June 16, '61, M. I. 

July 4, '61; later Corp., 6th Battery; also Co. D, 11th 

:\Iass. ; d. of wds. July 18, '63, Baltimore, Md. 
Gray, AVilliam B., 18, Acton ; later Co. E, 24th Mass. ; also 

1st Lieut., 1st U. S. Colored Troops. 
Hatch, David G., 21, Waltham; later Co. H, 16th Mass.; k. 

July 2, '63, Gettysburg. 
Heald, Timothy F., 31, Concord ; insane in hospital, Alex- 
andria, Va., at M. 0. ; later Co. H, 1st Mass. 
Hooper, Thomas M., 28, Woburn; en. June 16, '61, M. I. 

July 4, '61. 
Hovey, Mason M., 23, Woburn; en. June 16, '61, M. I. July 

4, '61. 
Jeffards, Jonathan F., 23, Woburn ; en. June 16, '61, M. I. 

July 4, '61; later Co. G, 1st H. Arty. 
Johnson, Albert N., 19, Concord ; dis. June 8, '61, disa. 
Johnson, Charles A., 21, Waltham. 

Johnson, Henry, 30, Concord; later Corp., Co. G, 47th Mass. 
Leathe, Josiah, Jr., 19, Woburn; en. June 16, M. I. July 4, 

'61; later Co. F, 32d Mass. 
23 



354 Fifth Regiment, ]\I. V. M., Three Months. 

Livingston, Benjamin T., 34, Woburu; en. June IG, ]\I. I. 
July 4, '61; later Sergt., Co. C, 45th Mass.; b. New 
Boston, N. H.; d. :\rarch 3, 1902, S. H.. Chelsea; bur. 
Mt. Vernon. X. 11. 




John Brown (G). 
Asa Melvin (G). 



Jos. M. Par.sons (A). 
Lieut. Jos. Derby (G). 



Loring, Benjamin J., Jr., 18, Weymouth ; later 1st Sergt., 
1st Batt., H. Arty.; b. Weymouth. April 27. 1842; prom- 
inent in Free ]\Iasonry, Red ^len, G. A. R. ; carpenter 
and builder, Braintree ; 1910, Boston. 

Lyons, John E.. 21, Limenburg; later Co. H, 23d Mass.; 1910, 
Luneuliurg. 



Company G. 355 

Maxfield, John :Sl.. 26, Woburn ; en. June 16, M. I. July 4,* 

'61. 
Melvin, Asa, 26, Concord; later Co. K, 1st H. Arty.; k. June 

16, '64, Petersburg, Va. 
Messer, George E., 25, Concord; d. Jan. 17, 1909, Concord. 
Mulliken, Charles F., 2:3, Concord; en. June 16, M. I. July 

4, '61; later Corp., Co. E, 22d Mass.; k. July 1, '62, 

Malvern Hill. 
Nealey, Charles, 30, Concord. 
*Osborne, Ira J.. 20, Ashby ; later U. S. Signal Corps ; vide 

Co. K, 9 nios. 
Pemberton, Roliert, 27, Woburn ; en. June 16, M. I. July 4, 

'61; wd. shoulder. Bull Run; later Sergt., Co. B, 32d 

Mass. ; d. "Woburn. 
Phelps, Edward F., 28, Concord ; later Co. G, 47th Mass. ; d. 

Nov. 29, 1908, Concord. 
Puffer, Charles, 37, Concord ; later Co. E, 26th Mass. 
Puffer, John S., 23, Concord ; later Co. E, 26th Mass. ; trans. 

V. R. C. ; d. Nov. 28, 1898, Concord. 
Reynolds, Edward W., 23, Concord; 1910, Concord. 
Robbins, Elbridge, Jr., 26, Concord ; 1910, Acton. 
Robbins, Joseph N., 26, Acton; later Corp., Co. E, 6th M. V. 

M., 9 mos., 1862. 
Rogers, John S., 24, Woburn ; en. June 16, M. I. July 4, '61. 
Sampson, Lewis T., 32, Concord. 
Sherman, George E., 21, Lincoln; later Sergt., Co. M, 1st 

Cav. ; trans, to Co. M, 4th Cav. ; 1910, Lincoln. 
Smith, John W., 23, Woburn ; en. June 16, M. I. July 4, '61. 
Souther, George G., 22, Quincy ; later Co. C, 24th Mass. 
Stevenson, Thomas G., 18, C&rlisle ; dis. June 8, '61, disa. ; 

later Co. C, 16th Mass. 
Taylor, Warren F., 23, Woburn; en. June 16, M. I. July 4, 

'61 ; later Corp., Co. B, 32d Mass. ; 1910, Woburn. 
Tidd, John E., 21, Woburn; en. June 16, M. L July 4, '61; 

later 1st Sergt., Co. B, 32d Mass. ; prom. 2d, 1st Lieut. 

and Captain ; d. Dec. 3, 1906, Woburn. 
Ware, George, 22, Boston ; dis. June 29, '61, disa. 
Warland, Thomas F., 31, Woburn. 
Watts, Horatio C, 34, Concord ; Sergt. till June 26, '61, when 

at his ow^n request he was reduced to the ranks ; d. 

March 29, 1899, Hopkinton. 



356 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 

Webb, Edward F.. 35, Weymouth ; later 1st Sergt., Co. E, 

26tli Mass. 
Wellington, Lowell, Jr., 25, Waltham; 1910, Waltham. 
AMieeler, Caleb H., 18, Concord; later Sergt., Co. G, 47th 

Mass.; d. Sept. 4, 1900, Concord. 
Wheeler, Edward S., 18, Concord; pris.. Bull Run, July 21, 

'61; M. 0. June 18, '62; later Corp., Co. E, 47th Mass.; 

b. June 17, 1844, Concord; 1903, Lowell. 
Wheeler, Henry L., 34, Concord ; pris., Bull Run ; M. 0. June 

18, '62; later Sergt., Co. G, 47th Mass. 
Wheeler, Joseph, 22, Lincoln. 
Whitney, George T., 23, Harvard. 
Whittier, Wm. P., 25, Saubornton, X. H. ; later Co. D, 1st 

Cav. 
AVinn, Joseph E., 20, Concord ; later Corp., Co. G, 47th Mass. 
Wright, Eugene, 36, Concord. 
Wyman, Joseph S., 34, Wobum ; en. June 16, M. I. July 4, 

'61; later 2d Lieut.. Co. B, 32d Mass.; prom. 1st Lieut. 

and Captain ; d. Woburn. 



Company H. 

(Salem City Guards, Co. H, 7th Regt., M. V. M. Unless other- 
wise stated, all enlisted April 19, '61.) 



C.VPTAIN. 

Henry F. Danforth, 24, Salem; D. of C, March 15, '61; M. 
0. with regiment ; later Captain, 40th Mass. ; lat. add., 

388 Tremont St., Boston. 



FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

Kirk Stark, 27, So. Danvers ; D. of C, March 15, '61; M. 0. 
with regiment ; later Sergt., Co. K, 24th ]\Iass. 



SECOND LIEUTENANT. 

William F. Sumner, 40, So. Danvers ; D. of C, March 15, 
'61; M. 0. with regiment; 1910, Peabody. 



Company H. 357 



THIRD LIEUTENANT. 



George H. Wiley, 22, So. Danvers ; D. of C, Mar. 15, '61 ; 
M. 0. with regiment ; later 2(1 Lieut., 35th Mass. ; trans. 
Co. A, 39th Mass.; d. May 19, 1910, Boston. 



FOURTH LIEUTENANT. 

John E. Stone, 24, So. Danvers ; D. of C, March 15, '61 ; M. 
0. with regiment. 

SERGEANTS. 

George S. Peach (1st), 22, Salem; later Sergt., Co. B, 24th 

Mass. 
Benj. F. Pickering, 37, Salem; later Corp., Co. B, 7th M. V. 

M., 6 mos., 1862; also Sergt., 6th M. V. M., 100 days, 

1864; d. 1903, Salem. 
John Pollock, 37, Salem ; appointed July 1, '61 ; later 2d 

Lieut., Co. D, 40th ]\Iass. ; prom. 1st Lieut., Capt., Major 

and Lieut.-colonel ; 1910, Salem. 
Joseph B. Nay, 19, Salem ; appointed July 1, '61. 



CORPORALS. 

John A. Sumner, 20, So. Danvers; 1910, Peabodv. 

William Toby, 21, Salem. 

Peter A. Ramsdell, 24, Salem; appointed Julv 1, '61; later 

Co. H, 3d H. Artv. 
Elbridge H. Guilford, 19, Salem; appointed Julv 3, '61; 

later as "Gilford;" Sergt., Co. C, 24th Mass.; 1910, 

Danvers. 

MUSICIAN. 

Joseph Anthony, 21, Salem; later Co. H, 1st Batt., 11th U. 
S. Infty., as "Jos. H.;" d. July 11, 1895, S. H.. Chelsea. 



PRIVATES. 

Beckford, William F., 23, Danvers; later Co. D, 1st H. Arty.; 
lat. add., Beverly. 



358 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 

Brown, George A., 25, Salem; later Corp., Co. H, 19th 

Mass. ; (1. Dee. 16, '62, from wds., Fredericksburg, Va. 
Bulger, James, 20, Salem; later Sergt., Co. D, 40tli Mass. 
Burg, William R., 27, Salem; later Co. B, 22d Mass. 
Chase, Charles W., 20, Danvers ; later Co. D, 40th Mass. 
Clark, Edward A., 32, Salem ; later Co. H, 29th Mass. 
Clark, Sylvester, 20, Salem ; later Co. D, 24th Mass. ; k. 

Sept. 6, '62, Wasliington, N. C. 
Dow, George W., 30, Salem; pris., Bull Run, July 21, '61; 

M. 0. June 24, '62. 
Eaton, Alpheus, 21, Salem. 

Edwards, John L., 26, Salem; later 4th Battery. 
Estes, John G., 23, So. Danvers; later Co. B, 23d Mass. 
Farrell, William, 21, Salem; wd.. Bull Run; later Co. F, 

1st Cav. 
Ferguson, Samuel A., 21, Salem; later Co. D, 1st H. Arty. 
Gilford, David A., 36, Danvers ; later Corp., Co. C, 24th 

Mass.; trans., V. R. C. 
Gilford, William F., 21, So. Danvers; d. Sept. — , 1861, Dan- 
vers. 
Grover, James, Jr., 20, Salem; dis. June 29, '61, disa. 
Hackett, Harrison, 21, Salem; later Co. F, 3d H. Arty. 
Hart, George 0., 21, So. Danvers; later Co. D, 1st H. Arty. 
Hibbard, Curtis A., 24, Salem; later 2d Lieut., Co. G, 9th 

Vermont Infty. 
Hines, John M., 21, Danvers ; later Co. D, 1st H. Arty. ; d. 

before 1893. 
Hoyt, John A., 28, Salem ; later Corp., 4th Battery; d, 

1894, Wenham. 
Jones, Samuel, 24, Gloucester. 

Kehew, Francis A., 25, Salem; later Sergt., Co. B, 24th Mass. 
Kehew, George, 19, Salem; later Co. B, 24th Mass. 
Kelley, Edward, 26, Danvers; later Sergt., Co. H, 1st Cav. 
Kelley, James W., 28, So. Danvers ; later Co. A, 23d Mass. ; 

k. May 16, '64, Drewry's Bluff, Va. 
Kelley, Thomas B., 19, So. Danvers; later Co. A, 23d Mass. 
Kimball, William L., 28, Salem ; later Co. H, 1st Cav. ; also 

Co. A, 3d H. Arty. 
Leach, Harris, 24, Salem; later Co. A, 30th Mass. 
Lee, John W., 19, Danvers; dis. May 22, '61, disa.; later 

Co. D, 1st H. Arty. ; also Co. H, '3d H. Arty. ; trans. U. 

S. Navy; d. March 10, 1894, Peabody. 



Company H. 359 

umehau, Dennis, 19, Salem; later Corp., Co. H, 1st Cav. 

Lowe, James W., 19, Danvers. 

Marshall, Charles G., 20, So. Danvers ; dis. May 31, '61, disa. ; 

later Co. D, 1st H. Arty. 
McDuffie, Hugh, 26, Salem; Sergt, till July 1, '61, when 

at his own request he was reduced to the ranks; later 

Co. H, 1st Cav. 
McFarland, Charles, 23, Salem ; wd.. Bull Kun ; later U. 

S. Navy. 
Merrill, Henry 0., 20, So. Danvers. 
Millett, Benjamin H., 21, So. Danvers ; later Corp., 24th 

Mass.; 1910, Salem. 
Murphy, Thomas G., 24, So. Danvers; later Sergt., Co. D, 

40th Mass. 
Parker, Oliver, 20, So. Danvers; later Co. B, 17th Mass.; d. 

Oct. 3, '64, Newbern, N. C. 
Parsons, Cyrus, 41, Salem; later 2d Lieut., Co. B, 7th M. 

V. M., 6 mos., 1862. 
Peach, William, Jr., 22, Salem; Sergt. till June 3, '61, when 

at his own request he was reduced to the ranks ; later 

Co. D, 40th Mass. 
Perkins, Joseph N., 30, Salem. 

Pierce, David H., 21, So. Danvers; later Co. E, 2d H. Arty. 
Quinn, John. 24, Salem ; later Co. H, 1st Cav. 
Richardson, Henry H., 20, Danvers; later Co. A, 23d Mass. 
Richardson, William H., 22, Danvers ; later Co. A, 23d 

Mass. ; d. 1903, Danvers. 
Riggs, Edgar M., '24, Danvers; later 1st Sergt., Co. F, 35th 

Mass. ; prom. 2d Lieut. 
Shanlev, William, 19, Salem ; pris., Bull Run ; dis. June 18, 

'62; later Co. H, 3d H. Artv. 
Teague, William H., 23, Salem; later Co. C, 1st Batt., H. 

Arty. 
Thompson, George A., 20, Salem; k.. Bull Run, July 21, '61. 
Thompson, John N., 30, Danvers; later Co. B, 19th Mass.; 

d. Sept. 17, '62, Ft. Ellsworth, Va. 
Trask, Henry, 19, Salem. 
Very, Herbert AV., 22, So. Danvers; later Corp., Co. A, 23d 

Mass.; d. March 10, 1903, Worcester. 
Webster, George, 23, So. Danvers. 
White, Henry F., 21, Salem. 
White, Thomas, 22, Salem. 



360 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 

Wiley. Samuel, 19, So. Daiivers; later Sergt., Co. A, 39th 

Mass. 
Williams, Samuel W., 30, So. Danvers ; later 1st Co., S. S., 

with 15th jNIass. 
Williams, William D.. 21, Salem; later 4th Battery. 
Wilson, Jacob H.. 25, Salem; later 1st Sergt., Co. D, 40th 

Mass. ; prom. 2d Lieut. 

Company I. 

(Somerville Light Infantry, Co. B [before the war], 5th Regt., M. 
V. M. Unless otherwise stated, all enlisted April 19, '61.) 
*Served in 9 months' term. tServed in 100 davs' term. 



CAPTAIN. 

George 0. Brastow, 49, Somerville ; R. R. agent, M. ; D. of 
C, July 29, 1859; M. 0. with regiment; later Major 
and Paymaster, U. S. Volunteers ; b. Sept. 8, 1811, 
Wrentham ; twice ]\layor, Somerville ; in both branches 
of Legislature, Pres.'of Senate, 1868-69; d. Nov. 20, 
1878, Somerville. 



FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

William E. Robinson, 28, Somerville; merchant, M. ; D. of 
C, Feb. 25, 1856; M. 0. with regiment; dead. 



SECOND LIEUTENANT. 

Frederick R. Kinsley, 31, Somerville; brick-maker, S. ; D. of 
C, April 20. '61 ; M. 0. with regiment ; later Captain, 
Co. E, 39th ]Mass. ; though prom. IMajor and Colonel, he 
was not mustered; 1910, Cheever, N. H. 



SERGEANTS. 

^Walter C. Bailey (1st), 26, Somerville; engraver, S. ; vide 
Co. B, 9 mos. 



Company I. 361 

*John Harrington, 28, Sonierville ; mechanic, S. ; vide Co. 
B, 9 mos. 

William R. Corlew, 21, Sonierville; clerk, S. ; later 2d Lieut., 
Co. H, 29th Mass. ; 1910, Sonierville. 

John C. Watson, 22, Sonierville ; broker, S. ; 1910, 68 Devon- 
shire St., Boston. 

CORPORALS. 

*Henry H. Robinson, 21, Sonierville; gentleman, S. ; vide 

Co. B, 9 nios. 
*James E. Paul, 30, Sonierville ; builder, S. ; vide Co. B, 

9 mos.; d. May 11,1896. 
Isaac Barker, Jr., 36, Somerville ; clerk, S. ; d. Mar. 25, 

1898, San Francisco, Cal., ffi. 74-5-2. 
*Williani T. Eustis, 3d, 26, Boston ; merchant, S. ; prisoner, 

July 21, '61, Bull Run; paroled June, '62; vide F. & S., 

9 mos. 

MUSICIAN. 

Sidney S. Whiting, 50, Boston ; machinist, M. ; later Co. K, 
22d Mass. 

PRIVATES. 

Adams, Albion, 35, Sonierville ; grocer, M. ; d. 1890, Rox- 

bury. 
Adams, John, 25, Somerville ; carpenter, S. ; wd., Bull Run ; 

later Sergt., Co. F, 28th Maine; d. 1906, Boston. 
Andrews, George H., 19, Charlestown ; milkman, S. ; later 8th 

Battery, 6 mos., 1862. 
Andrews, John B., 25, Charlestown; painter, S. 
Andrews, Joseph H., 25, Charlestown ; painter, S. ; lat. add., 

Charlestown. 
AtAvood, Hawes, 25, Boston ; none, S. 
Bennett, Edwin C, 21, Somerville; clerk, S. ; later 2d Lieut., 

Co. G, 22d Mass. ; prom. 1st Lieut, and Captain ; Bvt.- 

major and Lieut.-colonel; 12 years Asst. Postmaster, St. 

Louis, Mo.; d. Feb. 27, 1904," Somerville, ss. 64-0-24. 



362 Fifth Regiment, M. \. M., Three Months. 

Binney, Plenry M., 30, Somerville ; clerk, M. ; wd., Bull Run ; 

later 2d Lieut., Co. D, 10th Maine; prom. 1st Lieut.; also 

Co. B, 28tli Mass. ; prom. 1st Lieut, and Captain ; b. 

Feb. 24, 1835, Cambridge ; accountant and penman ; 

1881-2, Somerville Common Council ; d. Nov. 13, 1907, ae. 

76 years. 
Bird, Warren A., 23, Somerville ; clerk, S. ; b. Cambridge, 

Oct. 14, 1837 ; business, Natick ; 1883-5, Selectman ; 

1876-77, Legislature ; d. Sept. 9, 1907, Waverley Hospital. 
Bonner, Charles D., 18, Somerville ; clerk, S. 
Brackett, Edward, 23, Somerville; student, S. 
Brown, William P., clerk ; 20, Woburn ; en. June 13, M. I. 

July 4, '61; later Co. K, 39th; b. Durham, Novia Scotia, 

Aug. 20, 1840; grocer before and after the war; 1872- 

1890, manufacturing ; clerk. State Board of Health. 
Buckingham, Lynde W., 21, Somerville; Q. M. Sergt. till 

June 28, when at his own recjuest he was reduced to the 

ranks ; wd. leg, Bull Run. 
Carr, William M., 21, Chelsea; rope-maker, M. ; later Corp., 

Co. E, 39th Mass. 
Caswell, Albert, 24, Somerville; carpenter, S. ; d. Somerville, 

April 12, 1894, fe. 58-7-4. 
Crosby, Elkanah, 23, Somerville ; milkman, S. ; later Sergt., 

Co. E, 39th Mass.; 1910, Somerville. 
Davis, John E., 19, Somerville ; brick-maker, S. ; later Sergt., 

Co. E, 24th Mass. 
Eaton, William B., 21, Boston ; waiter, S. ; d. April 13, 1895, 

Sullivan, Me., c^. 50-3. 
Emery, Edward C. T., 21, Boston ; printer, S. ; later Co. A, 

30th Mass. ; trans, to 3d La. Native Guard. 
Eustis, Humphrey E., 19, Boston ; grocer, S. 
Garland, Benjamin F., 27, Cambridge ; carpenter, S. 
Gibson, William T., 20, Cambridge; painter, S. ; d. Jan. 14, 

1904, Cambridge, fe. 64-5. 
Giles, John Frank, 21, Cambridge ; printer, S. ; later Co. L, 

and Sergt.-major, 1st H. Arty. ; b. Jan. 30, 1840, Somer- 
ville ; 1910, So. Sandwich. 
Giles, Joseph J., 19, Somerville; painter, S. ; later 1st Lieut., 

Co. E, 39th Mass.; b. Mar. 24, 1842, Somerville; 1891- 

92, Legislature; real estate and insurance, Somerville. 
*Glynn, Thomas, 40, Woburn; en. June 13, M. I. July 4, 
" '61 ; later Co. B, 11th Mass. ; vide Co. G, 9 mos. 



Company I. 363 

Grandy, Henry E., 31, Boston ; merchant, M. ; d. Feb. 13, 
1908, Boston, jp. 78-3-28. 

Hale, Joseph, Jr., 22, mariner, S. ; Somerville ; later private, 
Corp.. Sergt.. and 1st Sergt., 1st and 2d Batt., 11th U. S. 
Infty. ; 2d and 1st Lieut., 3d U. S. Infty. ; regimental Ad- 
jutant, 1872: Captain, 1885: d. March 15, 1899, from 
fever contracted in Santiago campaign. 

Hammond, Henry G., 20, Somerville; driver, S. ; later Corp., 
3d Battery. * 

Hannaford. EdAvard F., 26, Somerville; harness-maker, S. ; 
k., Bull Run, Va., July 21, '61. 

Harris, George F., 24, Somerville; gentleman, M. ; later Co. 
D. 6th M. V. M., 100 days, 1864. 

Hodgdon. John K.. 26, Somerville : builder, S. ; d. Juh* 29, 
1896, Chelsea, as. 60-3. 

Hodgkins, George A. S., 21, Charlestown ; painter, S. 

Hodsdon, Alfred, 27, Cambridge : mason, S. ; later Co. A, 
30th Mass. ; also Captain and Major, 3d La. Vols. 

Hopkins, James R., 25, Somer^'ille ; carver, S. ; 1910, Central 
Fire Station, SomerA-ille. 

Howe, Pliney R., 26, Somerville ; carpenter, S. ; later 2d 
Lieut., 26th Mass. 

Hyde, Richard J.. 19, Somerville; none, S. ; later Co. E, 39th 
Mass.; d. Aug. 10, '64, Andersonville, Ga. 

Jenkins, Horatio, Jr., 23, Chelsea ; gentleman, S. ; later 1st 
Lieut., Co. G, 40th Mass. ; prom. Captain, also Major and 
Lieut.-colonel, not mustered in last two ; Lieut.-colonel, 
4th Cav. : ^xd.. High Bridge, Ya. : Colonel, 4th Cav. and 
Bvt. Brig.-general, U. S. Vols.. March 13. '65 ; b. Mar. 
23. 1838. Boston; studied in Tale and Harvard Law 
School : lawyer. Alexandria, Minn. ; d. Jan. 13, 1908. 

*Johnson, Joseph, 42, Woburn; en. June 13, M. I. July 4, 
^61: vide Co. G, 9 mos.; d. Dec. 10, 1898. 

Kilburn, Charles, 21, Lunenburg: teacher, S. ; later Co. H, 
23d Mass. : teacher and civil engineer : helped survey 
for Fort Ellsworth : Adjt., S. H., Green Island, Neb., '70 
to '76: lawyer till death, Feb. 8, 1895, Juniata, Neb. 

Kinsley, Willard C, 25, Somerville; later 2d Lieut.. 39th 
Mass.; prom. 1st Lieut, and Captain; d. April 21, '65, of 
wds. rec'd at Gravelly Run, Va., Mar. 31, '65. 

Moonev. Charles A., 34, Boston: painter, M.; later Co. K. 
99lh X. Y. 



364 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Three Months. 



Moore, Wm. Frank, 25, Somerville; gentleman, S. ; d. Wash- 
ington, D. C, July 31, '61. 
Nason, George "W., Jr., 27, Franklin; expressman, M. ; wd., 
and a prisoner at Bull Run, but escaped during the night 
and rejoined regiment; later Co. E, 23d Mass.; elected 
by the company chief engineer Newbern Fire Depart- 
ment, with the title of Colonel; from 1865, for nine 
years, was postmaster of Newbern ; next for five years, 
as a business man, helped develop the old North State; 
in these days, 1872 and '76, was a delegate at Republi- 
can national conventions; returning to Mass., he dealt 
largely in real estate in Boston; b. Jan. 11, 
1834, Franklin; for more than fifty years a 
Free Mason, he belongs to DeMolay Comman- 
dery. Knights Templars ; devoted to the Grand 
Army from the beginning, he commanded the 
first post in North Carolina and now belongs to the 
Franklin Post ; in veteran and G. A. R. circles, no one 
is more prominent than he, nearly always attending the 
national encamiDments ; to no one is the publication of 
the history of the " Minute Men of Massachusetts " so 

largely due as to 
him; 1910, Water 
Department, City 
Hall, Boston. 
Nelson N. Fletcher, 18, 
Somerville; ' moroc- 
co-dresser, S. ; later 
Corp., Co. H, 23d 
Mass.; pris., Drew- 
ry's Bluff, Va.; d. 
June 11, '65, Rich- 
mond. 
Oliver, Judson W., 29, 
Somerville; sawyer, 
M.; later Sergt., 
Co. E, 39th Mass.; 
b. June 18, 1832, 
Maiden ; 36 years in 
Police Deptartment, 
Somerville; died 
April 7, 1908. 




Judson W. Oliver (I). 



Company I. 365 

Pjiine, Joseph W., 18, Somerville ; clerk, S. ; later 1st Licr.t., 

Co. E, 4:M Mass. ; also Captain, Co. L, 2d H. Arty. ; Bvt.- 

inajor; d. Nov. 16, 1905, Chariest own, se. 63-6-1. 
Parker. Joseph A.. Jr., — ,Wobnrn; en. June 13, M. I. July 4, 

'61 ; d. Woburn. 
Parker, Joseph II., — ,Woburn ; en. June 13, M. I. July 4, '61 ; 

1901, Woburn. 
Parker, Warren F., — ,W^ol)urn ; en. June 13, M. I. July 4, '61. 
Persons, Oscar, 22, Woburn ; silversmith, S. ; later 1st Sergt., 

Co. K, 39th IMass. ; i>roni. 2d Lieut. ; newspaperman, for 

20 years connected with Hudson Enterprise ; d. June 

26, 1901, Hudson, a^. 62-9-18. 
Powers, Charles H., 19, Somerville ; artist, S. 
Quinby, Charles C, 29, Somerville ; barkeeper, S. ; later 

Corp., Co. C, 1st Cav. 
*Rogers, Oliver W., 20, Woburn ; en. June 13, M. I. July 4, 

'61 ; vide Co. G, 9 mos. 
*Schillinger, Benj. F., 25, Charlestown ; painter, ]M. ; vide Co. 

H, 9 mos. 
Shattuck, Lucius IP, 21, Marlboro; student, S. ; later Hosp.- 

steward, U. S. Vols. 
Shaw, William E., 22, Portland, Me. ; gentleman, S. ; d. July 

9, 1908, Moire, N. Y. 
Simonds, Nathan A., 24, Somerville ; expressman, M. ; dis. 

May 21, '61, disa. ; b. Ashland, Nov. 13, 1837; Boston 

police force. June 27, 1830; d. May 6, 1900, Senior Ser- 
geant of the force. 
Sweeney, Charles H., 21. Somerville; clerk, S. ; en. and M. 

I. May 15, '61 ; later Sergt., Co. K, 6th M. V. M., 9 mos., 

1862; 1910, Concord June. 
Van de Sande, John, 27, Somerville ; silversmith, S. 
Walker, Edward M., 25, Somerville ; clerk, S. 
*Wallace, Kinsley, 31, Somerville; teamster, M. ; vide Co. B, 

9 mos. 
Watson, William W., 31, Somerville; carpenter, M. ; later Co. 

A, 30th Mass. ; also 1st Sergt., Co. H, 8th M. V. M., 9 

mos., 1862. 
Wescott, Eugene, 27, Wo])urn ; en. June 13, M. I. July 4, 

'61; 1910, So. Framingham. 
Whitcomb, George F., 23, Somerville ; clerk, S. ; later 1st 

Lieut., Co. A, 30th Mass. ; prom. Captain, and k. Oct. 

19, '64, Cedar Creek, Va. 



3(i6 Fifth Regiment, \l. V. ]\I.. Three Months. 

*tWyer, Edwin F., 24, Wobiirn ; en. June 13, M. I. July 
4, '61 ; vide Co. E, 9 mos., and G, 100 days. 

Wyman, Luther F., 24, AVoburn; en. June 13, M. I. July 
4, '61 ; later 2d Lieut., Co. K, 39tli Mass. ; prom. 1st 
Lieut.; May 8, '65, Captain, 2d U. S. Infty. 

Young, Joseph, 23, Somerville ; painter, S. ; 1910, 51 Ox- 
ford St., Somerville. 

Company K. 
captains. 

(Charlestown City Guard, Co. H [before the war], .5th Eegt., M. V. M. 
Uuless otherwise stated, all enlisted April 19, '61.) 

*Served in 9 months' term, t Served in 100 days' term. 

*John T. Boyd, 34, Charlestown; D. of C, Aug. 2, 1858; 

prom. Major, July 5, '61. 
John B. Norton, from 1st Lieut., July 7, '61 ; I\I. 0. with 

regiment; later Captain, 34th Mass.; trans. Aug. 22, 

'62, to 36th Mass. ; prom. Lieut. -colonel. 



first lieutenants. 

John B. Norton, 38, Charlestown ; prom. Captain. 
*Ca]eb Drew, from 2d Lieut., Juh' 7, '61; ^l. 0. with 
regiment; vide Co. H. 9 mos. 



second lieutenants. 

Caleb Drew, 32, Charlestown ; prom. 1st Lieut. 
* Walter Everett, from 3d Lieut., July 8, '61; :\I. 0. with 
regiment ; vide Co. H, 9 mos. 



THIRD lieutenant. 

AYalter Everett, 27, Charlestown ; prom. 2d Lieut. 



Company K. 367 

sergeants. 

Albert Prescott (1st), 31, Charlostown; later ; Captain, 

Co. B, 36th ]\Iass. ; also Captain, Co. I, 57th Mass. ; 

l^roni. ]Major; k. at the Crater, Petersburg, July 30, 

'64; b. Feb. 19, 1830, Charlestown. 
*+Daniel AVelister Davis, 34. Charlestown; vide Co. H, 9 

mos., and 100 days. 
Samuel A. Wright, 25, Charlestown. 
George A. Bird, 33. Charlestown. 

CORPORALS. 

*William AV. Davis, 37, Charlestown ; vide Co. H, 9 mos. 
*Enoch J. Clark, 36, Charlestown; vide F. & S., 9 mos. 
Joseph Boj^d, 27, Charlestown; bro. of Capt. 
George F. Braekett, 23, Charlestown; later Pavmastor's 
steward; also Co. D, Capt., 79th U. S. C. T. 

MUSICIAN. 

J. Newton Breed, 23, Charlestown ; had served as private 
till June 10, '61; later as ''John N. ;" served four 
years in Co. I, 32d Mass.; May 8, 1894, lost sight of 
both eyes, premature blast, Iredell Co. (N. C), Granite 
Quarry; d. April 24, 1907, Somerville. 

PRIVATES. 

Abbott, Charles H., 23, Cambridge ; later Co. I, 3d Cav. ; also 

Battery B, 5th U. S. Arty. ; b. "Wilbraham ; d. June 

22, 1910, Boston. 
Ames, AVilliam S., 21, Charlestown; later Sergt., Co. B. 

36th Mass. 
*Angier, Henry A., 23, Charlestown ; wd. and pris., Bull 

Run ; dis. June 24, '62 ; vide Co. B, 9 mos. 
Babcock, Converse A., 22, Charlestown ; pris.. Bull Run ; 

dis. June 24, '62. 
fBailey, Andi-ew J., 20, Charlestown ; vide Co. H, 100 days. 



368 Fifth Regiment, M. V. ]\1., Three Months. 

Bailey, Charles H., 27, Charlestown ; Volunteer Corp. on 
the colors; b. Dedham, Sept. 9, 1835; in 1st class, Somer- 
ville H. S.; d. March, 1881. 

*Beddoe, Thomas, 44, Charlestown ; vide Co. II, 9 mos. 

Bent, William H., 21, CharlestoAvn. 

Blunt, George, 20, Charlestown; later 1st Sergt., 2d Cav.; 
prom. 1st Lieut. 

Boyd, William, 23, Charlestown; later Co. C, 1st Cav.; d. Feb. 

10, 1901, Melrose. 

Brown, Albert F. (Frank A.); 1st vol. from Everett; 22, 

Maiden ; later Sergt., Co. H, 47th Mass. ; b. Sept. 3, 1838 ; 

helped organize ^Minute Men organization, its Adjutant 

7 years; d. ^larch 17, 1903, Everett. 
Brown, John H., 28, Charlestown; later Sergt., Co. B, 36th 

Mass. ; also Captain, 12tli Ky. Vol. Infty. 
Brown. Warren S., 27, Charlestown ; later Sergt., Co. A, 

30th ]Mass. ; d. June 20, 1907, Charlestown. 
Burekes, Thomas J., 28, Charlestown. 
Butters, Frank Y., 24, Lexington ; 1910, Lexington. 
Butts, Joseph W., 19, Charlestown; 1910, Charlestown. 
*Carr, John C, Charlestowai ; vide Co. H, 9 mos. 
Chandler, Samuel E., 23, Lexington ; wd. and pris., Bull Run ; 

dis. Jan. 20, '62; later Sergt., Co. F, 12th Mass.; 1st 

Lieut, and Adjutant. 7th ]Mo. Cav. ; d. Cambridge, Mass., 

Feb. 22, 1881. 
Childs, George T., 19, Charlestown; pris.. Bull Run; dis. June 

24, '62; b. CharlestoAvn, Sept. 7. '42; Commander Post 

11, G. A. R.; 1873, removed to St. Albans, Vt. ; Sec. to 
Pres., Cent. Vt. R. R., till 1892; '92-99 editor St. Albans 
Daily ^lessenger; Presidential elector and messenger, 
1884; Chief-of -staff. Gov. Farnham, 1878; Judge Advo- 
cate Genl, 1880- '82; Le.dslature (Representative), 1896; 
Commander Post 60, and Dept. Vt. G. A. R., each one 
term ; 1910, P. M., St. Albans, Vt. 

^Churchill, James K, 24, Charlestown ; vide Co. H, 100 days. 
Clark, Joseph H., 24, Charlestown ; later Co. C, 1st Cav. ^ 
Clark, Joseph H., 2d, 31, Charlestown. 
Cook, Jacob B.. 19. Charlestown; later Co. D, 2d and 1st 

Lieut., 5th Cav. 
Davis, Benjamin, 27, Charlestown; later Sergt., Co. B, 22d 

:\Iass. ; prom. 1st Lieut, and Captain; k. May 10, '64, 

Si)()ttsylvania. 



Company K. 369 

Davis, Edward K., 41, Charlestown ; dis. June 25, '61, disa. ; 
later Co. H, 19th Mass.; b. June 10, 1819, Haverhill; 
was a policeman in Charlestown at enlistment ; his sis- 
ter, Nancy Busw^ell, made the famous flag w^hich Co. D 
bore to the fray ; d. June 4, 1903, Maiden. 

Davis, Marcus M., 19, Charlestown; later Corp., Co. B, 22d 
!Mass. ; proin. 2d and 1st Lieut, and Captain. 

Davis, Obed R., 23, Charlestown ; later Co. B, 36th Mass. ; 
d. of wds. May 12, '64, Spottsylvania. 

*Dearborn, Daniel H., 22, Charlestown; vide Co. H, 9 mos. 

Devereaux, George N., 20, Charlestown; later 10th Battery; 
d. of w^ds. Aug. 24, '64, Reams Station. 

Dow, James A., 33, Charlestow^i ; later Co. B, 36th Mass. 

Drew% Bartlett S., 25, Charlestown. 

Ferrier, William A., 25, Charlestown. 

Fish, Sumner, 21, Charlestown; rep. missing since Bull Run; 
probably killed. 

*Floyd, David 0., 23, Charlestown ; vide Co. F, 9 mos. ; later 
U. S. Signal Corps. 

Frothingham, Frank E., 23. Charlestown; later 2d Lieut., 
33d ]\lass. ; trans, and prom. 1st Lieut, and Captain, 3d 
Cav. 

Frothingham, John B., 22, Charlestown ; en. and M. I. May 

15, '61 ; in N. Y. state en. Dec. 3, 1869, Co. D, 23d Regt., 
N. G. ; rose from private to Bvt.-colonel ; retired as 
Bvt. Brig.-gen., 1900; 1910, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Harding, "Wilbur F., 40, Charlestow^n ; dis. June 2, '61, disa. 
Higgins, Henry W., 27, Charlestown. 
*Hilton, Amos S., 32, Charlestown; vide Co. H, 9 m,os. 
Holmes, Peter M., 21, Charlestown; en. and M. I. May 15, 

'61 ; later as P. Marion Holmes, 2d L^eut., 34th Mass. ; 

trans, and prom. 1st Lieut., 36th Mass. ; k. Nov. 16, '63, 

Campbell's Station, Tenn. 
Hunt, Samuel C, Jr., 28, Charlestown ; en. and M. I. May 30, 

'61; app. Q. M. Sergt., June 28, '61. 
Kehoe, George H., 24, Cambridge. 
Lane, Charles D. W., 28, Charlestown; 1910, Maiden. 
Loring, John H., 21, Charlestown ; later 2d Battery ; b. Oct. 

16, 1839, No. Yarmouth, Me. ; prison guard, Charles- 
town and Concord, 1874, till his retirement, 1907 ; d. 
July 23, 1910, Concord; b. Sleepy Hollow Cemetery. 

*Melvin, William AV., 26, Lexington; vide Co. H, 9 mos. 

24 



370 Fifth Regoiext, M. \. AI., Three Months. 




C. D. W. Lane (K). 
Chas. H. Bailey (K). Jas. K. Churchill (K). 



Merrill, Alfred K., 19, Cliarlestown ; later 1st Sergt., 13th 

Battery. 
*Moiilton, Joseph, Jr., 23, Charlestown ; en. and :\r. I. May 

15, '61 ; vide Co. H, 9 mos. 
Newhall, Richard H., 19, Charlestown ; later 8th Battery, 6 

mos., 1862 ; also U. S. Navy. 
Nichols, George. 21, CharlestoAvn ; later Sergt.. Co. A, 1st 

Cav. 
Niles, Thomas, 20, Charlestown. 
Palmer, Lloyd G., 22, Charlestown ; dis. June 2, '61, disa. 



Summaries. 371 

Patten, George AY., 20, Charlestown ; later Corp., Co. B, 36th 
Mass. 

Perkins, Charles H., 21, Charlestown. 

Quigley, Joseph, 22, Charlestown. 

*Ramsay, Royal, 21, Lexington; vide Co. H, 9 mos. 

Raymond, Charles H., 21, Charlestown ; later Sergt., Co. B, 
36th Mass. ; trans. V. R. C. ; Past Commander, Post 11, 
G. A. R.; 1910, Charlestown. 

Richards, Charles F., 20, Boston; later 1st Lieut., Co. K, 33d 
Mass.; also 1st Sergt., Co. A, 4th Cav. ; trans, and prom. 
2d and 1st Lieut., 21st U. S. C T. 

Shepard, Lewis J., 20, Boston; later Co. D, 1st Cav. 

Simpson, James W., 34, Charlestown ; later 1st Sergt., 36th 
Mass. 

Thayer, Ignatius E., 21, Charlestown. 

Thompson, George W., 21, Boston. 

Tibbets, Albion W., 25, Boston. 

White, Eben, 27, Newton; en. Oct. 15, '61, Co. B, U. S. En- 
gineer Batt. ; dis. for Com. in 7th U. S. Col. Infty. ; 
murdered at Benedict, ]\Id., Oct. 20, '64. while re- 
cruiting. 

Summaries. 

Of the 823 men who constituted the rank and file in the 
three months' service of the Fifth Regiment, only seven 
officers and enlisted men served in the subsequent two terms 
of the regiment; 44 were found in the 1st and 2d terms; 
17 in the 1st and 3d, this latter number of course including 
the seven who were found in all three terms. Reference 
to the several companies will verify the above statement. 

Of the total 823 officers and men, 221 did not serve a 
second time in any organization, thus leaving 602 soldiers 
who did again assume the uniform, practically three-fourths 
of the aggregate. Of this number, a large portion became 
commissioned officers, the rank attained being as follows : 

Brigadier-general, 2; Colonel, 5; Lieut.-colonel, 10; Major, 
13; Captain, 40; First Lieutenant, 50; Second Lieutenant, 
36. 

A still larger number became non-commissioned officers, 
thus : 

First sergeants, bO\ sergeants, 108; corporals, 70 hos- 
pital-stewards, 4; principal musicians, 7, 




MAJOR WM. E. C. WORCESTER. 



Field and Staff. 373 

REGIMENTAL ROSTER. 

Nine Months' Service. 

Field and Staff. 

(All M. 1. Oct. 8, 1862; M. O. July 2, 1?63.) 
*Servecl in 3 nionths' term, t Served in 100 clays' term. || Helped 
suppress draft riots, Boston. 

COLONEL. 

*tGeorge H. Peirson, 46, M. ; blacksmith, Salem; D. of C, 
June 26, '62 ; ^E. 0. with regiment ; vide F. & S., 3 mos. ; 
also 100 days, 1864. 

LIEUT. -COLONEL. 

*||John T. Boyd, 36, ]M. ; sail-maker, Charlestown; D. of C, 
June 26, '62 ; I\I. 0. with regiment ; vide F. & S., 3 mos., 
1861. 

MAJOR. 

t William E. C. Worcester, 36, M. ; clerk, Marlboro ; D. of C, 
Aug. 28, '62; vide F. & S., 100 days, 1864. 

AD.JUTANT. 

*||William T. Eustis, 3d, 27, S. ; hardware merchant, Charles- 
town; D. of C, July 30, '62; M. 0. with regiment; vide 
Co. I, 3 mos., 1861 ;' b. Aug. 19, 1837, Rumford, Me. ; boy- 
hood spent in Boston ; Asst. Provost Mar.shal, Alexan- 
dria, '61 ; in X. C. twice offered position as Major on 
Gen'l Foster's staff; hardware merchants of Boston gave 
him horse and equipments ; in civil life represented Bos- 
ton Lead Co. in Me., N. H., and Vt. ; in politics, a Pro- 
hibitionist, has been candidate for mayor of Portland, 
Federal Congress and Governor of Maine; 1910, So. 
Paris, Me. 



374 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 



QUARTERMASTER. 

Georg-e A. Norton, b. Maine; 24, S. ; clerk, Boston; D. of C, 
July 23. '62 ; M. 0. with reofiment ; later Captain, Assist- 
ant Quartermaster, U. S. A^ols. ; d. March 14, 1908, Mor- 
gan Hill, near Oakland, Cal. 



SURGEON. 

William Ingalls, 45, ]\I. ; surgeon, Winchester ; D. of C, Sept. 
20, '62 ; j\I. 0. with regiment ; later Surgeon, 59th Mciss. ; 
d. Dec. 1, 1903, Roxhury. 



ASSISTANT SURGEON. 

Dixi C. Hoyt, 29. M. ; surgeon, Milford ; D. of C, Oct. 1, '62; 
j\r. 0. with regiment ; later Asst. Surg., 2d H. Arty. 



CHAPLAIN. 

Wm. Franklin Snow, 23, S. ; clergyman, Somerville ; D. of C, 
Oct. 7, '62 ; M. O. with regiment. 



SERGEANT-MA.IOR. 

James M. Shute, 23, S. ; clerk, Somerville ; in charge of sick, 
Beaufort, N. C, after June 22, '63 ■ M. 0. July 11, '63. 



QUARTERMASTER-SERGEANT. 

*||William II. Burbank, 24, S. ; clerk. Medf ord ; vide Co. E, 
3 mos., 1861 ; later Co. I, 58th Mass. 



COMMISSARY-SERGEANT. 

*||Enoch J. Clark, 36, M. ; painter, Charlestown; vide Co. K, 
3 mos., 1861 ; d. Charlestown. 



Company A. 375 

HOSPITAL-STEWARD. 

John M. Foster, 36, ]\I. ; shoe-dealer, Salem. 
Company A. 

(Unless otherwise stated, all M. I. Sept. 29, 1862; M. O. July 
2, 1863.) 

t Served in 100 days' term. [| Helped siipjiress draft riots, Boston. 

CAP'J'AIN. 

1 1 James F. Green, 29, S. ; grocer, Charlestown ; D. of C, Sept. 
25, '62; M. 0. with regiment. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

IJJohn MeGrath, 24, S. ; painter, Charlestown; M. 0. with 
regiment. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT. 

||James W. Dillon, 29, M. ; marble-worker, Charlestown; M. 
0. with regiment. 

SERGEANTS. 

Garrett H. Roach (1st), 27, M. ; teamster, Charlestown. 
Michael Kelley, 32, M. ; mason, Charlestown ; later U. S. 
Navy. 

Matthew' Welch, 27, M. ; plnmber, Charlestown; d. 1902, 
Charlestown. 

llMichael F. O'Neil 24, S. ; mason, Charlestown; later Q. M. 
Sergt., 4th Battery, as Wm. Hastings; d. 1896, Charles- 
town . 

||Edward ]\IcElroy, 24, S. ; caulker, Charlestown; appointed 
from Corp. Nov. 1, '62. 

CORPORALS. 

||Daniel J. Snllivan, 27, ]\I. ; morocco-dresser, Charlestown. 
HJeremiah J. Ryan, 34, ]\I. ; mason, Charlestown. 



376 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

HMiehael A. Xeag-le. 24. S. ; upholsterer, Charlestowii. 
||Thomas Hiuchev, 23. S. ; carpenter, Charlestowii; later U. 

S. Navy. 
George Hamilton. 21. S. ; seaman. Charlestown; app. Corp. 

Oct. 8, '62. 
]Miehael Greene, 21, S. ; g'roeer, Charlestown; app. Corp. Nov. 

1, '62. 
William Shannon. 26, ^I. : canlker. Charlestown ; clis. Jan. 9, 

'63. disa. 




THE LOC()M<JTI\E WHICH DREW THE FIFTH FROM 
MOREHEAD CITY TO NEWBERN. 



MUSICIANS. 

Charles Kimball. 17, S. ; elerk. Charlestown. 

Eugene F. Viles, 15, S. ; , Charlestown; later ]\Ins., 

Co. D, 30th IMass. 

WAGONER. 



iJames Reynolds. 23, S. ; teamster, Charlestown; 1910, 
Charlestown. 

PRIVATES. 

|Aldrieh, Benjamin F., 34. S. ; r-ai'i^enter. Charlestown. 



Company A. 377 

Anderson, Daniel, ]st, 27, S. ; caulker, Charlestown. 
Anderson, Daniel, 2d. 21, S. ; teamster, Charlestown. 
Baker, William J., 27, — ; mariiier, Charlestown; des. 

Oct. 22, '62, Boston. 
Bonner, John, 21, — ; barber, Charlestown; des. Oct. 22. 

'62, Boston. 
llBoyle, jMiehael, 21, S. ; teamster, Charlestown; 1910, Boston. 
Breen, Walter, 26, S. ; morocco-dresser, Charlestown. 
||Brennan, Michael, 28, M. ; laborer, Charlestown. 
Brown, John, 30, — ; rigger, Charlestown; des. Oct. 22, 

'62, Boston. 
Cadogan, Daniel, 21, S. ; carver, CharlestoAvn ; dis. Jan. 30, 

'63, disa., Newbern. 
1 1 Carey, Thomas, 21, S. ; farmer, Charlestown; later Co. K, 

4th Cav., as Thomas "J.;" d. before 1887. 
Carroll, John, 21, S. ; farmer, Charlestown. 
Carroll, William, 26, M. ; farmer, Charlestown. 
Cassidv, Philip. 21, S. ; teamster, Charlestown; en. Ang. 22, 

'62 ; N. F. R. 
Chase, Edward K., 44, jM. ; teamster, IMelrose. 
1 1 Clark, Joseph J., 28, — ; teamster, Charlestown; later 

Co. M, 4th Cav.; d. May, 1897, Charlestown. 
Conway, Thomas A., 22, ]\1. ; morocco-dresser, Charlestown; 

later Co. B, 11th Mass. 
Coyle, Peter, 24, S. ; grocer, Charlestown. 
Croghan, John, 28, M. ; currier, Charlestown; dis. June 6, 

'63, to re-en., Co. D, 2d H. Arty. 
llDalton, Michael, 28, M. ; currier, Boston; d. Nov. 6, 1902, 

Somerville. 
Davis, Matthew H., 21, ; laborer, Charlestown; des. 

Oct. 22, '62, Boston. 
IJDempsey, John H., 21, S. ; morocco-dresser, Charlestown. 
IJDesmond, Peter, 28, ]M. ; baker, Charlestown. 
Devine, John B., 21, S. ; rope-maker, Charlestown ; dis. Oct. 

25, '62, writ of habeas corpus. 
||Devlin, Thomas, 21, S. ; laborer, Charlestown. 
IJDonallen, Dennison, 38, iM. ; seaman, Charlestown. 
IJDonegan, Jeremiah, 42, M. ; laborer, Charlestown. 
IJDonegan, Timothy, 36, 8.; morocco-dresser, Charlestown. 
||Donohoe, ^liehael, 28, M. ; stone-cutter, Charlestown. 
llDowds, John, 25, M. ; baker, Charlestown. 



378 Fifth Regiment, ]\I. V. M., Nine ]\Ionths. 

Dunbar, John, 21, ; laborer, Charlestown; des. Oct. 

22, '62. Boston. 
Early, Patrick. 25. : painter. Boston; des. Oct. 22, '62, 

Boston. 

Flvnn, John, 27, ; laborer, Charlestown. 

Foley, ]\Iichael, 21, S. ; laborer. Charlestown. 
Gagen, Charles, 33, ]\I. ; clerk, Boston. 
Gallagher, John, 22. S. ; mason, Charlestown ; dis. Jan. 12, 

'63, disa. 
j [Griffin, ]\Iar-iin, 43, ]\I. ; laborer. Charlestown. 
|Hall. Thomas, 23, S. ; cooper, Charlestown. 
llHanley, AVilliam, 23, S. ; enrrier, Charlestown. 
Harding, Charles H.. 21, ; laborer, Charlestown; des. 

Oct. 22, '62, Boston. 
||Higg-ins, Thomas. 21. S. ; npholsterer, Charlestown. 
■^Hooper, Geo. Edward, 21, S. ; laborer, Charlestown ; vide 

Co. K, 100 days, '64; later Co. L, 3d Cav. 
Hunter, Patrick Henry, 21, S.; npholsterer, Charlestown; dis. 

Jan. 14, '63, Newbern, disa. 
||Keffe, William, 32, S. ; morocco-dresser. Charlestown. 
Kenefick, Patrick, 30 — ; , Charlestown; des. Oct 22, 

'62, Boston. 
Kenney, John, 27, S. ; farmer. Charlestown ; dis. Jan. 6, '63, 

to" re-en., Co. A, 2d H. Artv. ; d. Oct. 11. '64, Newbern, 

X. C. 
Leonard, William A., 26, ]M. ; rigger, Charlestown; dis. ]\Iareh 

3, '63, disa., Newbern ; d. liefore 1890. 
IlLong, John. 21. S. ; e-nrrier, Charlestown. 
i\Iahoney, James, 28, S. ; shoemaker, Charlestown. 
llMahoney, Sylvester G.. 21, S. ; canlker, Charlestown. 
IMarshall. James. 45, ]\I. ; farmer, ]\Ialden. 
||]\IcCarty, Daniel. 44. M. ; laborer, Charlestown. 
ipIcClond, James. 26, M.-, canlker. Charlestown. 
IMcClond, Peter. 33. ]\1. ; cabinet-maker, Charlestown. 

||]\lcDonald, Lawrence, 32, ; laborer, Charlestown. 

||:\lcGrath, Patrick, 29, ]\I. ; laborer, Charlestown; later U. S. 

Navy. 
||Morley, Alexander, 30, 31.; morocco-dresser, Charlestown. 
Morris, John, 21. S. ; laborer, CharlestoAvn ; des. Oct. 22, '62, 

Boston. 
||>\Inlreany. Patrick. 25, S. ; laborer, Charlestown. 



Company B. 379 

||Mulrooney, AVilliam, 30, ; laborer, Charlestown; later 

Co. C, 56tli Mass. 
||Murphy, Michael, 21. S. ; rope-maker, Charlestown. 
Murray, John, 21, S. ; machinist, Charlestown; des. Oct. 22, 

'62, Boston. 
O'Neil, Thomas, 22. S. ; mason, Charlestown. 
|Plnnket, James F., 23, S. ; morocco-dresser, Charlestown. 
iRiley, Matthew T., 23, S. ; carver. Charlestown. 
Ryan, Thomas. 21, ; . Charlestown ; des. Oct. 22, 

'62, Boston. 
Shaw, Albert, 33, M. ; cigar-maker, Charlestown. 
Sheehan, John, 41, S. ; laborer, Charlestown ; dis. April 24, 

'63, disa., NcAvbern. 
Sheehan, Timothy, 27, S. ; laborer, Charlestown ; d. Nov. 26, 

'62, Newbern. 
Shopland, Frank, 22, ; laborer, Charlestown ; des. Oct. 

22, '62. Boston. 
I [Sweeney, John, 42, ]\I. ; laborer, Charlestown. 
ll'W^elsh, John, 21, S. ; laborer, Charlestown. 
i|Welsh, Patrick, 21, S. ; laborer, Charlestown. 
Wiggfins, James, 27, S. ; laborer, Charlestown ; dis. June 6, 

'63, to re-en., Co. B, 2d H. Arty. 

Company B. 

(Unless otherwise stated, all M. I. Sept. 19, 1862; M. O. July 
2, 1863.) 

*Served in 3 months' term, t Served in 100 days' term. || Helped 
suppress draft riots, Boston. 



CAPTAIN. 

[[Benjamin F. Parker, 31, S. ; merchant. Somerville; D. of C, 
Sept. 5, '62 ; M. 0. with regiment ; d. Feb. 4, 1895, Bos- 
ton. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

*[[Walter C. Bailey, b. 1835; 28, S. ; engineer, Somerville; D. 
of C, Sept. 5, '62 ; vide Co. T. 3 mos., 1861 ; for many 
years engraver, Boston; 1910, Somerville. 



380 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 




G. W. Burroughs (B). 



W. C. Bailey (B). 
SECOND lieutenant. 



Jos. Sinclair (B). 



*|lJohn Harriug'ton, 28, ]\I. ; merchant, Somerville ; D. of C, 
May 80, '62; vide Co. I, 3 mos., 1861. 

sergeants. 

Echvard W. Denny (1st), 25, S. ; manufacturer, Somerville ; 

app. April 15, '63, from Sergt. ; later Co. I, 2d H. Arty. 
*||James E. Panl. 32. S. : builder. Somerville; vide Co. I, 3 

mos., 1861; d. May 11, 181)6, Somerville, a\ 66-3-25. 
*||Wallaee Kinsley, 32, iM. ; teamster, Somerville; vide Co. I, 

3 mos., 1861. 
fCharles T. Robinson (Color Sergt.), 26, M. ; locksmith, 

Somerville J vide Co. B, 100 days, '64; 1st Lieut. 
*||Henry A. Angier, 24, S. ; expressman, Somerville; app. 

April 15, '63; vide Co. K, 3 mos., 1861; b. April 30, 1839; 

in service one of the oldest members of Fire Dept. ; d. 

Julv IT, 1!)06. Somerville. 



CORPORALS. 

jEbenezer C. ^lann, Jr.. 22, ^1. ; clerk, Somerville; 1910, Lan- 
caster. 



Company B. 381 

Charles E. Davis, 24, M. ; clerk, Somerville ; d. Jan. 19, 1909, 

Somerville. 
||Granville W. Daniels, 19, S. ; clerk, Somerville; vide Co. B, 

]00 days, '64, 2d Lieut.; 1910, Chelsea. 
Nathaniel Dennett, 33, M. ; britannia-maker, Somerville; d. 

Feb. 21, 1900, Somerville. 
Edwin Turner, 33, M. ; shipwright, Somerville; 1910, Dan- 

vers. 
CjTus B. Rowe, 34, S. ; carpenter, Somerville ; app. April 15, 

'63. 
Willard L. Hawes, 19, S. ; stair-builder, Somerville; app. 

April 15, '63; later Co. F, 6th Mass., 100 days, 1864; d. 

Mar. 8, 1908, Wakefield. 
William Franklin Snow, 23, S. ; student, Some'rville ; prom. 

Chaplain, Oct. 3, '62 ; vide F. & S. 
Thomas R. Watson, 18, S. ; clerk, Somerville; sick in hospital, 

Beaufort, N. C, at M. 0. ; 1910, Passaic, N. J. 

MUSICIANS. 

II James* H. Flagg, 20, S. ; clerk, Somerville; later Co. E, 4th 
H. Arty., as Henry J. ; 1910, S. H., Togus, Me. 

f Frank Wallberg, 15, S. ; student, Somerville ; vide Co. B, 100 
days, '64. 

WAGONER. 

*Henry H. Robinson, 2d, 24, S. ; teamster, Somerville ; vide 
Co. I, 3 mos., 1861. 

PRIVATES. 

Abbott, Nathaniel T., 20, S. ; carpenter, Somerville ; 1910, 
So. Framingham. 

Adams, Melvin, 20, M. ; clerk, Somerville; 1910, Boston. 

||Aiken, William A., 21, S. ; clerk, Somerville; lat. add. Bos- 
ton. 

Allen, Lewis A., 19, S. ; clerk, Somerville. 

Anderson, Wm. W., 34, M. ; teamster, Somerville; wd. White- 
hall, N. C, Dec. 10, '62 ; detailed at Brant Island, light- 
boat, Mar. 26, '63 ; pris. June 4, '63, while ashore with 
mate of boat; later 11th Battery; d. Nov. 15, '64, Wash- 
ington, N. C. 



382 Fifth Regiment, j\I. V. INI., Nine Months. 

||Anthony, Joseph, 32, :\I. : wheehvright, Somerville; d. Pen- 
dleton, Oregon. 
IjArnold, Joseph, 44, M. ; slater, Somerville; later Corp., Co. 
Austin, Joseph A., 22, ; , Somerville; d. July 7, 

1906, Lexington. 
Ayers. William, 32, S. ; umbrella-maker, Somerville. 
Barnes, George W., 20, S.; mechanic, Somerville; wd. Golds- 

boro; d. 1893, Litchfield, N. H. 
IJBarr, Thomas A., 28, M. ; clerk, Somerville. 
Beers, Eomanus E., 21, M. ; baker, Somerville; d. Nov., 1907, 

Everett. 
Braekett, Charles K., 24, S.; baker, Somerville; lat. add., 

New Bedford. 
Brintnall, Samuel R., 42, IM. ; paper-hanger, Somerville ; d. 

Aug. 15, 1904, Charlestown. 
Bruce, Calvin A., 28, M. ; waiter, Somerville. 
Burroughs, George W., 18, S.: clerk, Somerville; wd. Golds- 

boro: vide Co. B, 100 days; 1910, Fort Worth, Texas. 
Butler, Alonzo, 26, M. ; peddler, Somerville ; later Co. L, 2d 

H. Arty., as Alonzo A. 
Cashin, John, 36, M. ; currier, Somerville. 
Chamberlain, Russell T., 22. M. ; clerk, Somerville; detached 

to SigTial Corps, Nov. 24, '62, Newbern; M. 0. with regi- 
ment ; 1910, Somerville. 
Clausen, John, 26, S. ; clerk, Somerville; des. Sept. 27, '62, 

Wenham. 
Cobb, Frederick R., 21, S. ; attendant, Somerville ; 1910, 

Northampton. 
Cunningham. James. 20, S. : clerk. Somerville; des. Oct. 10, 

'62, Wenham. 
||Cushing, Frederic, 18, S. ; locksmith, Somerville; later Co. 

K, 58th Mass.; 1910, Somerville. 
Daniels, Ferdinand D., 18, S. ; printer. Somerville ; d. Nov. 1, 

1904, Somerville. 
fl+Dickson, William E.. 18, S. ; milkman, Somerville; vide 

Co. B, 100 days. 2d Lieut. 
IJDillaway. James H., 22, M. ; provision-dealer, Somerville; 

1910, Williamstown. 
Dusseault, Adolphus, 20, M. ; carver, Somerville ; d. Feb. 16, 

1902, Boston. 
[[Elliott, William, 25. M. : baker. Somerville; d. Feb. 9, 1902, 

Scituate. 



Company B. 



383 




E. F. Mann (B). 



H. A. Gilson (B). 
(In Later Years) 



H. A. Gilson (B). 
(In War Times) 



Emmott, James, 23, S. ; engraver, Somerville; 1910, Hingham. 

Gilson, Henry E., 15. S. ; stndent. Somerville ; d. 189-4, Somer- 
ville; b. Cambridge, June 10, 1817; later May 4, '64, 6th 
Unattached Co., 3 ms. ; the youngest man in the regiment, 
he enlisted as drummer- boy, but on account of his six- 
foot stature exchanged his drum for a gun. 

Glidden, Alviu F., 18, S. ; teamster, Somerville ; later 1st Un- 
attached Co., 90 days, 1864; 1910, S. H., Chelsea. 

Greenwood, Moses F., 34, M. ; boot-treer, Somerville ; d. Dec. 
18, 1895, Marlborough. 

Haley, Peter B., 22, S. ; teamster, Somerville ; d. April 19, 
1904, Cambridge. 

Hallahan, Daniel, 20, S. ; grocer, Somerville; d. before 1886. 

Hanson, Joseph, 41, M. ; farmer, Somerville ; dis. March 28, 
'63, clisa., Newbern. 

||Hartwell, Daniel A., 35. M. ; stable-keeper, Somerville. 

Havlin, Michael, 22, S. ; iron-molder, Somerville ; later Marine 
Corps. 

Hayes, Patrick, 21, S. ; glass-worker ; Somerville. 

Hinckley. George W., 23, S. ; waiter. Somerville : d. before 
1890. 



384 



Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 




Thos. R. Watson (B). Geo. E. Mitchell (B). 

Holland. Charles H., 21, S. ; attendant, Somerville ; 1910, 

New York city, 
j {Hollander, Charles B., 18. S. ; clerk, Somerville. 
Hubbard. Edwin A.. 18. S. ; clerk, Somerville. 
Huston, Wells W., I'i ]\I. ; milkman, Somerville ; d. Nov. 21, 

1895, Boston. 
Jewett, James H., 43, ■\I. ; merchant, Somerville. 
Kimball. George A.. 21. S. ; clerk, Somerville; 1910, North- 
ampton. 
Leavitt. John W.. 18, S. : clerk, Somerville; 1910. Dover, 

N. H. 
Lee, Nicholas, 31, M. ; blacksmith, Somerville ; dis. Jan. 14, 

'63, disa. 
Levitt, John C, 18, S. ; calico-printer, Somerville. 
Lincoln, George E., 20. S. ; grocer, Somerville. 
||Locke, AVilliam E., 20, S. ; clerk, Somerville. 
Loveless, Eli W., 31, M. ; wheelwright, Somerville. 
IJManning. "William, 28, M. ; plasterer, Somerville; d. July 14, 

1905, Maiden. 
i\Iaynard, George W., IS, S. ; accountant, Somerville ; 1910, 

Somerville. 



Company B. 385 

Mills, John A., 37, M. ; carpenter, Somerville. 

Minneaugh, Michael, 22, S. ; glass-blower, Somerville. 

Mitchell, George E., 19, S. ; accountant, Somerville ; b. May 
8, 1844, Cambridge ; schools of Cambridge and Somer- 
ville ; 1870, wholesale dealer in butter, cheese and eggs, 
Faneuil Hall ]\Iarket, Boston ; 1872, senior member, Mit- 
chell, Dexter & Co., commission merchants; in sub- 
stantially the same business to date; 1878-'79, member 
Common Council, Chelsea; 1880- '81, Alderman, in '81, 
Pres. ; 1887- '88, Mayor of Chelsea; for several preceding 
years was chairman Republican City Committee; has 
been chairman School Committee, of trustees of Public 
Library; twenty-five years on Board of Water Commis- 
sioners, last five as chairman; is chairman standing 
committee, First Universalist Church; in Free Masonry 
is a member of Star of Bethlehem Lodge, Shekinah 
Chapter, and Palestine Commandery; was Treasurer of 
the Massachusetts Maj'Ors' Club; for many years he has 
been Secretary of the Fifth Regiment Veteran Associa- 
tion, also Pres. of Co. B Association; belongs to Post 
113, G. A. R., and to Command No. 1, U. V. U.; 1910, 
Mitchell, Duffy & Co., 5 Blackstone St., Boston. 

Moulton, Henry M., 18, S. ; milkman, Somerville ; West 
Burke, Vt.' 

Nedtlinger, Edward, 28, S. ; clerk, Somerville; des. Sept. 27, 
'62, Wenham. 

Parsons, Benjamin B., 32, M. ; carpenter, Somerville ; d. June 
15, 1895. No. Anson, Me. 

yPattee, George E., 21, S.; painter, Somerville; d. Dec. 23, 
1907, Charlestown. 

Paul, Albert H., 25, S. ; carpenter, Somerville. 

Poor, John A.. 20, M. ; merchant, Somerville; Corp. till April 
15, '63, when he res. warrant ; 1910, Wellfleet. 

Potter, John H., 26, M. ; printer, Somerville. 

Pressey, Charles A., 18, S.; fruit-dealer, Somerville. 

llRing, Gardner W., 18, S. ; grocer, Somerville. 

Il+Roberts, John W., 23. S. ; roller-maker, Somerville; vide Co. 
H, 100 days, '64. 

*Robinson, Henry H., 21, S. ; locksmith, Somerville; at first 
was 1st Sergt. ; vide Co. I, 3 mos., '61; 1910, Brookline. 

Shattuck, Edward L., 22, S, ; attendant, Somerville; dis. Oct. 
8, '62, disa., Wenham. 
25 



386 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 




H. M. Moulton (Bj. John A. Poor (B). G. E. . Mitchell (B). 

||Sinclair, Joseph, 28. jNI. ; carpenter, Somerville ; 1910, Cam- 
bridge. 
Stout. Edward, 28, S. ; painter, Somerville; des. Oct. 5, '62, 

Wenham. 
Sturtevant, Georiie F., 21, S. ; teamster, Somerville: d. 1894, 

Bradford, III 
||Thayer, Samuel J. F., 20, S. ; architect, Somerville; d. 1894, 

Boston. 
Thompson, Francis H., 31. M.; salesman, Somerville. 
Tompkins, Samuel G., 18, S. ; cler^t:, Somerville; d. June 22, 

'63, Newbern. 
Whitcomb, Francis E.. 22, S. ; milkman. Somerville; d. Dec. 

16, 1899, Waverley. 
White. Joseph A.. 3-4,» ; carpenter, Somerville; d. Oct. 

10, 1904, Somerville. 
Willett, George A., 30, M. ; brakeman, Somerville. 
Williams, Albert, 37, M. ; provision-dealer, Somerville. 
Winslow. Edward E., 31, M. ; laborer, Somerville; d. Julv 30, 

1907, S. 11., Chelsea. 
yWoodwell, Charles H., 34, S. ; printer, Somerville. 
Younie, John, 45, M. ; shoemaker, Somerville; d. June 1, 

1902, Boston. 



Company C. 387 

Company C. 

(Unless otherwise stated, all M. I. Sept. 19, 1862; M. 0. July 2, 
1863.) 

t Served iu 100 days' term. 

CAPTAIN. 

Robert S. Daniels, Jr., 32, M. ; merchant, So. Danvers ; D. of 
C, Aug. 28, '62; d. Dec. 6, 1908, Peabody. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

tGeorge F. Barnes, 27, S. ; teacher. So. Danvers ; D. of C, 
Aug. 28, '62; vide Co. C. 100 days, 1864. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT. 

t William L. Thompson, 27, S. ; teacher, So. Danvers; D. of 
C, Aug. 28, '62; vide Co. C, 100 days, 1864. 

SERGEANTS. 

John W. Stevens (1st), 29, I\I. ; currier. So. Danvers; M. 0. 

with regiment ; d. Chicago. 
fBenj. F. Southwick, 27, S. ; morocco-dresser, So. Danvers; 

vide Co. C, 100 days, '64. 
^Lewis A. Manning, 24, S. ; butcher, So. Danvers; vide Co. 

C, 100 days, '64. 
^George H. Little, 21, S. ; farmer. So. Danvers; vide Co. C, 

100 days, '64. 
Charles H. Kimball, 26, M. ; engineer, So. Danvers ; dis. April 

24, '63, disa., Newbern. 

CORPORALS. 

Joseph S. Nutter. 29, M. ; butter-peddler, So. Danvers; d. 
Sept. 13, 1902, Salem. 



388 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

Thomas W. Biixtoii, 24. M.; moroceo-dresser, So. Danvers; d. 
March 17, 1908, Maiden. 

Horace S. Page, 21, S. ; farmer. So. Danvers. 

William F. Pingree, 34. M. ; carpenter, So. Danvers ; d. 
March 2, 1900, Peabody. 

James Perkins, 44, M. ; millwright, So. Danvers. 

+ Joseph N. Bnrbeck, 28, S. ; tallow-chandler. So. Danvers; 
vide Co. C, 100 days, '64. 

Perez L. Winchester, 21, S. ; teamster, So. Danvers. 

Nicholas M. Quint, 24, S. ; teamster, So. Danvers ; b. Eaton, 
N. H., July 18, 1838 ; after army life, contractor and 
dealer in real estate ; in Peabody, assessor, water com- 
missioner, snpt. of water- works ; prominent in all local 
affairs; Representative in General Court, 1894 and '95; 
d. Oct. 31, 1906. 



musicians. 

Henry R. Holder, 27, M. ; shoemaker, Berlin. 
^Charles A. Svmoncls, 16, S. ; farmer, Middletoii; vide Co. C, 
100 days, '64; later Co. E, 1st Batt. Cav. 



WAGONER. 

Albert Carleton, 30, M. ; currier. So. Danvers ; dis. April 1, 
'63, disa., Newbern. 



privates. 

Arnold, Frank T., 28, S. ; clerk, So. Danvers; d. 1909, Pea- 
body. 

Barnard, John W.. 22, S. ; So. Danvers, stone-cutter. 

Batchelder, George H., 30, M. ; farmer, So. Danvers ; d. June, 
1909, Saugus. 

^Beckett, William C. 18, S. ; farmer. So. Danvers ; vide Co. 
C, 100 days, 1864. 

Bodge, Amos P., 24, M. ; potter. So. Danvers. 

Bodge, Jacob G.. 26, M. ; milkman. So. Danvers; d. March 23, 
1906, Peabodv. 



Company C. 389 

Boynton, John W., 19, S. ; seaman, So. Danvers, ; later 5th 

Battery ; d. of wds. May 12, '64, Spottsylvania. 
Biishby, Joseph, Jr., 21, S. ; farmer, So. Danvers; 1910, Dan- 
vers. 
Buxton, George W., 29, M. ; shoemaker, So. Danvers ; 1910, 

Beverly. 
+Carr, Charles E., 18, S. ; morocco-dresser, So. Danvers ; vide 

Co. C, 100 days, 1864 ; 1910, Peabody. 
Colby, Charles, 28, M. ; farmer. So. Danvers ; later Co. G, 2d 

H. Arty. 
Curtis, William P., 24, S. ; ice-man, So. Danvers ; later Co. E, 

1st Cav. 
Dodge, John C, 26, S. ; shoe-cutter, So. Danvers. 
Evans, Grin B., 21, S. ; farmer. So. Danvers; 1910, Peabody. 
Farnliam, Andrew N., 21, S. ; milkman, So. Danvers. 
Foster, John M., 36, M. ; shoemaker, Salem ; prom. Hosp^tail- 

steward, Oct. 8, '62, F. & S. ; d. March 7, 1909, Salem. 
Galeucia, Perley, 21, M. ; soldier. So. Danvers ; had served 

in Co. B, 17th Mass.; later Co. E, 1st Cav.; -1910, 

Peabody. 
tGaleucia, Samson B., 19, S. ; stone-cutter, So. Danvers; vide 

Co. C, 100 days, 1864. 
Gilbert, James, 28, 31. ; teamster, So. Danvers. 
Goodridge, George H., 18, S. ; mason, So. Danvers; d. Nov. 

18, 1904, Revere. 
Graves, John, Jr., 30, ]M. ; stone-cutter. So. Danvers ; d. March 

24, 1903, Peabody. 
Hadley, Horace L., 25, S. ; attorney, Salem ; 1910, Washing- 
ton Court House, Ohio. 
Ham, Henry E., 26, S. ; farmer, So. Danvers; 1910, Salem. 
Harrington, William H. 18, S. ; seaman, Salem. 
Hart, Samuel P., 27, M. ; tanner. So; Danvers ; d. April 26, 

1906, Peabody. 
tHildreth, William H., 18, S. ; tallow-chandler. So. Danvers; 

vide Co. C, 100 days, 1864; 1910, Quincy. 
Hutchinson, Benj. F., 26, S. ; farmer, So. Danvers; d. 1890, 

Peabody. 
Hutchinson, Charles K., 34, S. ; farmer. So. Danvers ; d. 

April 13, 1898, Peabody* 
Ingalls, Amos, 34, S. ; shoemaker, So. Danvers; d. April 

29, 1887, Peabody. 



390 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

Jacobs, George F., 19, S. ; tanner, So. Danvers ; U. S. Navy, 
July 26, '64. 

t Johnson, Frank E., 18, S. ; shoemaker, Salem; vide Co. C, 
100 days, 1864. 

Jones, George W., 21, S. ; box-maker, So. Danvers; 1910, 
Pea body. 

Kimball. Charles E., 20, S. : box-maker, Ashland; 1910, Ash- 
land. 

Kimball, Hiram A., 24, S. ; farmer. So. Danvers; 1910, Pea- 
body. 

Low, George H., 20, S. ; moroeco-dresser, Salem; 1910, Pea- 
body. 

Lnnt, AVilliam J., 33, M. ; grocer, Salem; 1910, Maiden. 

Maekintire, Charles, 25, S. ; morocco-dresser. So. Danvers ; 
d. Danvers. 

McKay, Edward W., 18. S. ; So. Danvers; student; 1910, 
Portis, Kansas. 

Manning, Charles L., 18, S. ; stndent, So. Danvers ; d. Jan. 
31, 1905, S. H., Chelsea. 

Marden, John W., 34, I\I. ; shoemaker. So. Danvers ; dis. Jan. 

13, '62. disa., Newbern. 

Marsh, Georue E., 26, S. ; farmer. So. Danvers; 1910, Lvnn. 
tMoore, Benj. N., 21. S. ; clerk, So. Danvers; vide Co. C, 

100 days, '64, Corp. 
Moore, George W., 32, S.; shoemaker, So. Danvers; dis. 

April 28, '63, disa., Newbern. 
Nevers, Charles AV., 18, S. ; farmer. So. Danvers ; later Corp., 

13th Unattached Company, 1864; 1910, Lowell. 
Osborn. Amos, 3d, 22. S. ; farmer. So. Danvers. 
Osgood, Joseph H., 22, S. ; chemist. So. Danvers ; d. ]\Iay 18, 

1904, Peabody. 
Peasley, Austin J., 20, S. ; farmer. So. Danvers ; later 29th 

Unattached Companv, H. Artv., '64; d. Jan. 19, 1908, 

S. H., Chelsea. 
Peasley, Thomas AY.. 24, S. ; farmer. So. Danvers; d. Dec. 

14, 3 908, Peabody. 

Perkins, Albert IL, 20, S. ; shoe-cntter, So. Danvers. 
Perkins, William H., 18, S. ; teamster. So. Danvers; later 

Co. L, 1st Cav. 
Pemberton, Frank A., 18, S. ; clerk. So. Danvers ; d. 1900, 

Peabody. 
Plummer, Enoch F., 27, :\I. ; shoemaker. So. Danvers. 



Company C. 



391 




Wm. H. Hildreth (C). 
Geo. E. Marsh (C). 



C. W. Nevers (C). 

D. A. Small (C). 



Poor, George H., 18, S. ; shoe-cutter. So. Danver.s; d. 1894, 

Peabody. 
Ray, Thomas A., shoemaker, So. Danvers. 
Rhodes, Alphonso P., 18, S. ; student, So. Danvers. 
Rhodes, Joseph, 4:3, M. ; currier, So. Danvers; later Co. L, 4th 

Cav. ; 1897, Peabody. 
tRose, Frederick J., 32, M. ; tailor, Marlboro; as "John F." 

had served in Co. I, 13th Mass. ; vide Co. I, 100 days, 

1864; Corp. 



392 Fifth Regiivient, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

Rust, Elbridoe, 32, S. : tanner, So. Danvers ; d. Feb. 11, 

1895, Pe^abody. 

Sanborn, John F.. 25, M. : baker. So. Danvers; d. Feb. 7, 

1906, Salem. 
Searl, George, 34, M. ; painter. So. Danvers; d. Nov. 23, 1902, 

Peabody. 
Small, Daniel A.. 21, S. ; farmer, So. Danvers; 1910, Woburn. 
Soutlnvick, Lewis B., 19, S. ; morocco-dresser. So. Danvers; 

1910, Peabody. 
Soutlnvick, "Wm. H., 36. S. ; seaman. So. Danvers; dis. June 

18, '63, disa., Newbern. 
Stone, Frederick T., 18, S. ; farmer, So. Danvers; later Co. 

K, 2d H. Arty.; d. April 30, 1896, Lynn. 
Sumner, John A. P., 21, M. : morocco-dresser, So. Danvers; 

1910, Peabody. 
tSwett, Joseph H.. 18, S. : farmer. So. Danvers ; vide Co. C, 

100 days, '61, Corp. 
Sj^monds, Benj. R.. 18, S. ; milkman. So. Danvers; later 1st 

Lieut., Co. H, 59th Mass. 
+ Teel, George C, 18, S. ; hostler, So. Danvers; vide Co. C, 

100 days, 1864. 
ToAvne, Charles A., 20, S. ; clerk, So. Danvers ; dis. Feb. 9, 

'63, disa., Boston ; did not leave Mass. 
Trask, Charles, 33, — : farmer. So. Danvers; d. June 12, 

1896, Peabody. 

Tufts, Albert, 20, S. ; wool-puller. So. Danvers; 1910, Pea- 
body. 

Upton, George A., 20, S. ; clerk, So. Danvers; dis. Feb. 2, 
'63, disa., Boston ; did not leave Mass. ; 1910, Magnolia. 

Walkup, James E., 28, M. : bootmaker. Ashland ; d. Jan. 12, 
1903, Ashland. 

Warner, Lorenzo D., 42, M. ; currier, So. Danvers. 

+ Waterman, James L., 18, S. ; farmer. So. Danvers ; vide Co. 
C, 100 days, '64, Corp. 

Webster, Caleb A., 23, M. ; farmer. So. Danvers; d. June 

29, '63, So. Danvers. 

Wliidden, Albert XL, 19. S. ; painter. So. Danvers ; d. Mav 

30, 1910, Peabody. 

Wiggin, Andrew J., 39, M. ; teamster. So. Danvers; 1910, 

Peabody. 
Winchester, Benj. J., 23, S. ; morocco-dresser. So. Danvers; 

d. Jan. 21. 1907, Peabodv. 



Company D. 393 

Company D. 

(Unless otherwise stated, all M. I. Sept. 16, 1862; M. O. July 2, 
1863.) 

*Served in 3 months' term. tServed in 100 days' term. ||Helped 
suppress draft riots, Boston. 

CiVPTAIN. 

*||Thomas F. Howard, 29, I\I. ; glass-cutter, Charlestown ; D. 
of C, Aug. 9, '62; M. 0. with regiment; vide Co. C, 3 
mos., 1861 ; later Corp., Co. K, 4th Cav. ; 1910, Chelsea. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

*j|tGeorge H. Marden, Jr., 23, M. ; painter, Charlestown ; vide 
Co. C, 3 mos.. '61, and Co. D, 100 days, '64. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT. 

*||tCharles P. Whittle, 22, M. ; polisher, Charlestown; vide 
Co. C, 3 mos., '61, and Co. D, 100 days, '64. 

SERGEANTS. 

*||Valentine Wallburg (1st), 20, M. ; gunsmith, Charlestown; 
vide Co. C, 3 mos., 1861; b. Dec. 12, 1841, Boston; ma- 
chinist and gimmaker; from '76 to "78 instructor 
vise-work, M. I. T. ; since 1883 foreman Gas & Light 
Cos., Boston and Lynn, and Genl. Electric Co., Sche- 
nectady, N. Y.; 1910, Lynn. 

*| 1 1 George W. Kilham, 24, S. ; stone-cutter, Charlestown; 
vide Co. C, 3 mos., '61, also Co. D, 100 days, '64, 2d 
Lieut. 

*!JtGeorge Chell, 34, S. ; hackman, Charlestown; vide Co. C, 
3 mos., '61, also Co. D, 100 days, '64. 

IJtJohn E. Marden, 21, S. ; painter, Ch(irlestown ; vide Co. D, 
100 days, 1864. 

llfEdward G. Fox, 22, S. ; cabinet-maker. Charlestown; app. 
from Corp. Feb. 1, '63 ; vide Co. D, 100 days, 1864. 



394 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

George W. Whittle, 38, M. ; jxtlisher, Charlostown ; dis. Feb. 
5. '63, disa., Newbern. 



CORPORALS. 

*||William CI. Asli, 26, S. ; tinsmith, Charlestowii; vide Co. 

C, 3 mos., 1861. 
*||Albi()n B. Perham. 35, ^1. ; carpenter, Charlestown; vide 

Co. C, 3 mos., 1861. 
*||Jos.eph F. Dwight, 38, S. ; carriage-painter, Charlestown; 

vide Co. C, 3 mos., 1861. 
George H. MeLeod, 25, M. ; chall^er, Charlestown ; dis. Feb. 

3, '63, disa., Newbern. 
Samuel R. Marple, 20, S. ; miller, Charlestown. 
Joseph A. Crawford, 22, M. ; en. Sept. 30, '62; M. I. Oct. 

1, '62; app. Corp. Jan. 1, '63. 
IJEdwin Farmiloe, 32, ]M. : cabinet-maker, Charlestown; en. 

and I\I. I. Sept. 22, '62 ; app. Corp. Jan. 20, '63. 
II t Alexander E. Hews, 22, S. ; founder, Charlestown; app. 

Corp. Jan. 1, '63; vide Co. D, 100 days, '64. 
||Charles H. Arnold, 30, M. ; artist, Charlestown; app. Corp. 

Feb. 1, '63. 

musicians. 

Albert B. Whittle, 18, S. ; clerk. Charlestown. 
||Albert Nelson, 17, S. ; clerk, Charlestown. 



PRIVATES. 

jjtAbbott, Albert C, 23, S. ; machinist, Charlestown; vide 

Co. D, 100 days, 1864. 
||Abrams, Charles B., 26, ^I. ; apothecarv, Charlestown; en. 

and I\r. I. Oct. 9, '62. 
iJAhern, Michael, 18, S. ; teamster, Charlestown; en. and M. 

I. Oct. 14, '62 ; d. Feb. 25; 1896, S. H., Chelsea. 
||Alden, John C, 23, M. ; carpenter, Charlestown; dis. Feb. 

5, '63, disa., Newbern ; d. July 13, 1906, Boston. 
Ayers, John H., 23, M. ; stamper, CharlestoAvn ; later 14th 

Batterv. 



Company D. 395 

I [Bailey, Henry C, 21, S. ; sail-maker, Charlestown. ' 

Bailey, William, 38, M. ; brass-moiilder, Charlestown. 
Battiste, John B., 30, S. ; painter, Charlestown ; d. 1903, 

Charlestown. 
Bibrim, Joseph, 24, S. ; sail-maker, Charlestown. 
Boynton, William F., 28, M. ; painter. Charlestown; later 

'Co. E, 39th Mass. ; d. Aug. 29, 1892, Somerville. 
Brackett, Isaac W., 28, M. ; machinist, Charlestown. 
*| [Branch, Hiram K., 32, M. ; teamster, Charlestown; vide 

Co. C, 3 mos.., 1861. 
lltCarney, Charles J., 18, S. ; photographer, Charlestown; 

vide Co. D, 100 days, 1864. 
llfCassidy, Philip E., 24, S.;'. joiner, Charlestown; vide Co. 

D, 100 days, 1864. 
*||Chamberlain, John H., 29, M. ; fireman, Charlestown; vide 

Co. C, 3 mos., 1861. 
||Clough, William. 18, S. ; machinist, Charlestown; later Co. 

D, 2d H. Arty. 
Coleman, William, 29, JM. ; clerk, Charlestown. 
iJCollins. Daniel, 20, S. ; tinsmith, Charlestown. 
Conlin, Peter, 18, S. ; painter, Charlestown ; dis. April — , 

'63, while on furlough in ]\Iass., on account of wounds 

rec'd at Whitehall, Dec. 16. '62; later May 9, '63, U. S. 

Navy; d. July 10, 1903, S. H., Chelsea. 
IJDelaney, Daniel, 18, S. ; tin-stamper, Charlestown. 
Delano, Frank E., 22, S. ; teamster, Charlestown. 
Dickson, Walter E., 31, M. ; grocer, Charlestown. 
||Doyle, Michael B., 23, S. ; rope-maker, Charlestown; dis. 

March 23, '63, disa., Newbern. 
||Doyle, William, 23, S. ; rope-maker, Charlestown; en. and 

M. I. Sept. 27, '62. 
lltDurgin, John J., 23, S. ; painter. Charlestown; vide Co. D, 

100 days, 1864. 
IJtEsler, George H., 27, S. ; carriage-painter, Charlestown; 

vide Co. C, 100 days, 1864. 
||Evans, King S., 22, S. ; teamster, Charlestown; d. 1900, 

Maiden. 
Ewing, Robert T., 32, M. ; machinist, Charlestown. 
*Gabriel, William E., 43, M. ; teamster, Saugus ; vide Co. C, 

3 mos., 1861. 
Green, Thomas B., 29, M. ; teamster, Charlestown; en. and 

M. I. Oct. 7, '62 ; dis. March 23, '63, disa., Newbern. 



396 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

Ham. Frederic, 20, S. ; grocer, Charlestown. 

Hardy, William A., 25, ]\I. ; brass-founder, Charlestown ; wd. 

Goldsboro: 1910, Fitchburg. 
lltHichborn, Henry, 21, S. ; student, Charlestown; vide Co. 

H, 100 days, 1864. 
||Hitchings, Lawson, 23, S. ; morocco-dresser, Charlestown; 

later Co. A, 3d Cav. 
Jaekman, William, 44, M. ; shoemaker, Charlestown; en. and 

M. I. Oct. 14, '62 ; des. Oct. 23, '62, Wenham. 
Johnson, Lewis E.. 21, S. ; teamster, Charlestown; en. and 

M. I. Sept. 22, '62. 
Jones, Charles, 24, S. ; laborer, Charlestown ; dis. June 6, 

'63, Newbern, to re-en. Co. C, 2d H. Arty. 
I [King, Joseph F., 19, M. ; painter, Charlestown. 
Laightou, Thomas, 34, M. ; carpenter, Charlestown ; later 

14th Battery. 
Leach, Charles E., 31, M. ; carriage-painter, Charlestown; M. 

I. as Charles E. Bowers. 
IJLewis, Charles E., 21, S. ; seaman, Charlestown; en. and M. 

I. Oct. 6, '62 ; later Co. B, 61st Mass. ; 1.910, Charlestown. 
Lynch, John, 23, M. ; potter, Charlestown. 

Maguire, Thomas, 24, S. ; laborer, Charlestown ; en. and 
M. I. Sept. 22, '62. 
||Marden, Charles, 17, S. ; rigger, CharlestoAvn ; later Co. D, 

2d H. Arty. 
McElroy, Edward, 20, S. ; laborer, Charlestown. 
McFarland, William, 18, S. ; painter, Charlestown. 
tMcLeod, John, 30. M. ; rope-maker, Charlestown; vide Co. 
D, 100 days, 1864. 
llMoulton, Frank B., 22, S. ; teamster, Charlestown; 

later Co. C, 1st Cav. 
Murray, William F., 19, S. ; tinsmith, Charlestown. 
||Niles, James, 26, S. ; watchman, Charlestown. 
O'Brien, John. 20, S. ; laborer, Charlestown; en. and M. I.. 

Oct. 11, '62; des. Oct. 23, '62. 
llO'Neil, Thomas. 24, S. ; laborer, Charlestown; en. and M. I. 

Oct. 11, '62. 
tPalmer, Samuel, Jr., 27, S. ; founder, Charlestown; dis. Nov. 

II, '62, disa. ; vide Co. H, 100 days, 1864. 
Parker, Charles, 19, S. ; cook, Boston. 

Perley, Elbridge G., 28, M. ; sign-painter. Chelsea; had served 
in Co. H, 1st I\Iass. 



Company E. 397 

Pierce, David H., 22, S. ; morocco-dresser, Charlestown ; en. 

and M. I. Sept. 30, '62. 
lltPoor, James W., 23, S. ; chair-maker, Charlestown; vide 

Co. D, 100 days, 1864. 
llfRandall, John C, 17, S. ; confectioner, Charlestown; vide 

Co. D, 100 days, 1864. 
llfRichardson, George H., 21, S. ; potter, Charlestown; vide 

Co. H, 100 days, 1864. 
||Robbins, Samuel W., 31, M. ; mason, Charlestown. 
Rogers, Matthew H., 22, S. ; cooper, Charlestown ; later U. 

S. Navy. 
||Sendall, Henry J., 28, M. ; painter, Charlestown. 
Smith, Charles, 21, S. ; teamster, Charlestown ; en. and M. I. 

Oct. 9, '62; des. Oct. 23, '62, Wenham. 
Sweeney, James, 22, S. ; painter, Charlestown ; en. and M. I. 

Oct. 11, '63; des. Oct. 23, '62, Wenham. 
Tannatt, George S., 39, M. ; teamster, Charlestown. 
Thompson, Isaac, 35, M. ; teamster, Charlestown ; d. Dec. 17, 

1896, West Brookfield. 
Trumbull, John B., 30, M.; laborer. Charlestown. 
lUptou, Samuel, 32, j\I. ; c^arpenter, Charlesto^\^l. 
IWalden, William H., 22, S. ; teamster, Charlestown. 
1 1 Ward, John, 24, M. ; sail-maker, Charlestown; vide Co. D, 

100 days, 1864. 
||Williams, David 0., 28, M. ; laborer, Charlestown; en. and 

M. I. Oct. 7, '62; wd. Goldsboro; later unassigned 

recruit, 1st Batt., H. Artv. 
*Williams, Thomas, en. Sept. 16, '62, Charlestown ; N. F. R., 

except his former service in Co. C, 3 mos., 1861. 
!|Winters, Richard M., 21, S. ; morocco-dresser, Charlestown; 

en. and M. I. Oct. 14, '62. 

Company E. 

(Unless otherwise stated, all M. I. Sept. 16, 1862; M. 0. July 
2, 1863.) 

^Served in 3 months' term. tServed in 100 days' term. 

C^VPTAIN. 

John Kent, 33. S. ; merchant, Boston; D. of C. Sept. 3, '62; 
M. 0, with regiment; d. Oct. 29, 1908, Boston. 



398 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

FIRST lieutenant. 

George Myriek, 28, S. ; merchant, Boston ; D. of C. Sept. 3, 
'62 ; Aid on staff of Col. H. C. Lee, commanding 
brigade, Dec. 7, '62; M. 0. with regiment. 

SECOND lieutenant, 

Andrew J. Holbrook, 29, ]\I. ; bookkeeper, Cambridge ; D. 
of C, Sept. 3, '62; detached as 2d Lieut., Signal Corps, 
Nov. 24, '62; res. Aug. 19, '64; d. Jan. 2, 1910, Mat- 
tai)an. 

sergeants. 

*tEdwin F. Wver (1st), 29, S. ; clerk, Wobiirn ; vide Co. I, 

3 mos.; also Co. G, 100 days, 1864. 
Isaac Myriek, Jr., 30, S. ; editor, Yarmouth ; d. Dec. 13, 

1900, Jamaica Plain. 

George A. Dearing, 43, M. ; teacher, Cambridge. 

Jairus Lincoln, Jr., 31, M. ; teacher, Yarmouth ; d. 1894. 

Lewis n. Kingsbury, 33, M. ; tailor, Ashland. 

CORPORALS. 

Zoeth Snow, Jr., 35, :\r. ; bhicksmith, Brewster; d. Sept. 26, 

1901, Brewster. 

Daniel Wing, 21. S. ; teacher. So. Yarmouth; 1910, Mavnard, 

111. 
Horatio Howes, 43, M. ; mariner, Dennis: d. 1894, Dennis. 

1898, Ashland. 
Henry Perkins, 36, S. ; boot-maker, Ashland ; d. Nov. 23, 

1898, Ashhand. 
Edmund ^Matthews, 32, ]\I. ; carpenter, Dennis; d. Jan. 27, 

1902, Dennis. 

Frank A. Wall, 22, M.; carpenter, Ashland; app. Corp., 

March 15, '63; d. May 18, 1899, Charlestown. 
Joseph D. Bragdon, 35, ]M. ; painter, Cambridge ; app. March 

28, '63; later 11th Battery; d. 1900, Boston. 
Alfred C. Finney, 21, S. ; baker, Hyannis; d. March 13, '63, 

Academy Genl. Hospital, Newbern ; congestive chill. 
George E. Hopkins, 34, M. ; car])enter, Barnstable ; dis. May 

28, '63, disa., Newbern. 



Company E. 



399 



MUSICIANS. 



Robert Wallace Allen, 14, S. ; farmer's boy, Essex; des. Mar. 

18, '63 ; en. first in Co. A, -ISth ]\Iass., and was trans, to 

Co. E, of the 5th, October, '62. 
Edwin H. Lincoln, 14, S. ; student, Yarmouth. 



PRIVATES. 



Ackers, John L. P., 26, M. ; painter, Cambridge; 18 years 

Q. M., Post 30, G. A. R. ; d. Oct. 25, 1910, Cambridge. 
Baker. Charles P., 36, ]M. ; saddler, Yarmouth. 




Darius Baker (E). 



Albert B. Comey (E). 



Webster Brooks (E) 



Baker, Darius, 18, S. ; clerk, Yarmouth; b. Jan. 18, 1845, So. 
Yarmouth ; grad. Wesleyan University, 1870 ; teaching 
and studying law till 1875; began practice of law in 
Newport, R. I. ; successively judge of probate, trial 
justice and judge of Superior Court ; 1910, Newport. 

Baker, George 11., 26, S. ; farmer, Yarmouth; 1910, So. Yar- 
mouth. 

Baker, Sylvester F.. 26, S. ; harness-maker, Dennis; 1910, 
"West Dennis- 



400 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

Baker, Watson, 35, M. ; mariner, Yarmouth. 

Baker, Washington I., 19, S. ; mariner, Yarmouth. 

Barrett, James, 18, S. ; laborer, Cambridge. 

tBrooks, AVebster, 21, S. ; tinsmith, Ashland; vide Co. G, 100 

days. 
Chamberlain, George S., 21, M. ; shoe-eutter, Ashland. 
Chase, Edwin, 24, M. ; mariner, Yarmouth ; d. Julj^ 2, 1902, 

Yarmouth. 
Chase, Lawrence, 18, S. ; printer, Hyannis ; later Co. F, 8d 

H. Arty. 
Chickering, Francis H., 40, M. ; bootmaker, Ashland; 1910, 

Ashland. 
Coleman, Isaac N., 25, M. ; mariner, Barnstable. 
Comey, Albert B., 30, M. ; miller, Ashland ; 1910, So. Fram- 

ingham. 
Considine, John, 21, S. ; farmer, Dennis; 1910, Brewster. 
Crosby, James F., 27, M. ; mariner, Brewster ; d. April, 1903, 

Brewster. 
Davis. S. Augustus, 22, S. ; bootmaker, Ashland; later as 

Aug'ustus J., Co. E, 2d Cav. ; for many years kept news- 
stand, Ashland; 1910, Ashland. 
Eldridge, Ebenezer, 37, M. ; brick-maker, Barnstable ; later 

Co. A, 58th Mass. ; k. May 12, '64, Spottsylvania. 
Eldridge, Thomas R., 27, M. ; butcher, Barnstable ; wd. Dec. 

16, '62, Whitehall; dis. April 1, '63, disa. 
Ellis, Frederick N., 18, S. ; mariner, Yarmouth. 
Ellis, George A.. 19, S. ; engineer, Ashland. 
Ellis, Warren H., 20, S. ; mariner, Yarmouth. 
Fairbanks, Levi, 22, S. ; engineer. Ashland; d. Sept. 9, 1897, 

Ashland. 
Finney, Charles E., 20, M. ; baker, Barnstable; d. May 13, 

1908. JMedford. 
Fisher, George S., 33, M. ; leather-cutter, Ashland; d. Jan. 30, 

1906, Ashland. 
Foss, Joseph, 38, M. ; engineer, Cambridge. 
Frail, Henry M., 21, S. ; farmer, Ashland. 
Gowell, John M., 25, M. ; carpenter, Ashland. 
Gray, Edmund H., 21, S. ; farmer, Yarmouth ; left sick at 

Yarmouth and never joined for duty. 
Greenleaf, John W., 35, M. ; farmer, Dennis ; d. 1900, Dennis. 
GreeuAvood, ]\Iarcena M., 18, S. ; farmer, Ashland. 



Company E. 



401 




F. Thacher (E). 



B. F. Wyman (E). 



A. A. Kingsley (E). 



Plall, George G., 23, S. ; shoemaker, Natick; later Co M, 

2d H. Arty., and F, 17th Mass. 
Hall, Hiram H., 20, S. ; farmer, Dennis. 
Hall. Jeremiah G., 25, M. ; stone-cutter, Dennis. 
IHall, Joseph AV., 19, S. ; farmer, Dennis; vide Co. G, 100 

days, 186-1. 
fHall, Lnther, 19, S. ; clerk, Dennis; vide Co. G, 100 davs, 

1 864. 
Harriman, Henry G., 25, S. ; shoemaker, Ashland-; d. June 13, 

'63, Newbern. 
Hartshorn, Joseph W., 21, S. ; bootmaker, Ashland ; later Co. 

D, 2d Cav. 
Howes, Edwin, 35, M. ; trader, Dennis; dis. May 28, '63, 

disa. ; d. Jan. 12, 1893, Dennis. 
Howes, Henry F., 21, S. ; shoemaker, Dennis ; 1910, Dennis. 
Ivers, Robert A., 18, S. : clerk, Cambridge; later Hosp.-stew., 

U. S. A.; 1910, S. H., Togus, Me. 
Jenkins, Ellis, 17, S. : clerk, Cambridge ; later 16th Battery. 
Jones, Eliphalet J., 20, M. ; bootmaker, Ashland. 
Jones, Enoch C, 44, M. ; bootmaker, Brewster. 
Jones, James B., 18. S. ; farmer, Barnstable. 
Kingsley, Albert A., 19, S. ; hostler, Barnstable; later Co. L, 

2d H. Arty.; 1910, Dighton. 

26 



402 Fifth Regiment, M. X. M., Nine Months. 

Lil)l)ey. Allen, 28, S. ; machinist. Cambridge. 
]\IcAuaney, Thomas, 29, ^I. : boot-fitter, Cambridge. 
MeCarta, Elom S., 31, 31.; mariner, Yarmouth. 
^leCiirdy, George A., 33. JS. ; tinsmith, Cambridge. 
jMansir, John, 44, S. ; carpenter, Barnstable; d. Aug. 7, 1900, 

Yarmouth. 
Marchand, Allen. 23, ~SL ; mariner, Barnstable. 
Morse, Ezra, 27. ]\[. ; trader, Ashland; b. Jan. 3, 
1835, Ashland : Aveut to California, 1857 ; coal 
and lumber dealer, Ashland ; deputy sheriff, 
Middlesex Co., three years; wool purchaser, Texas; 
charter member, Post 18, G. A. R., Past Commander and 
present Adjutant ; 1910, Ashland. 
t]\Ioulton. Elbridge. 22. S. ; shoemaker. Ashland: vide Co. G, 

100 days. 
Myriek, Joseph A., 19, S. ; farmer. Brewster. 
Ockington, Joseph P., 18, S. ; bootmaker, Asliland ; later 19th 

Unattached Company. 
Oler, Herman, 30, M. ; farmer, Hyannis. 
Paine, Benjamin F., 18, S. ; farmer, Brewster. 
Parker, John A., 24, S. ; shoemaker, Ashland ; d. March 10, 

1907, Worcester. 
Payne, E. Dexter, 22, M. ; trader, Yarmouth; d. 1908, Yar- 
mouth. 
Perkins, Augustus, 29, S. ; shoemaker, Ashland ; had been in 
band, 11th :\Iass. ; later served in band, 1st Brig., 2d Div., 
2d Army Corps. 
Perry, Russell, 40, M. ; polisher, Cambridge ; d. Jan. 4, 1891, 

S. II., Chelsea, a?. 74 years. 
Pollard, Charles C, 27. I\I. ; clerk, Ashland ; later Corp., Co. 

K, 4th H. Arty. 
Richardson, George W., 24, S. ; shoemaker, Cambridge. 
Riley, William J., 24, S. ; gilder. Cambridge ; 1910, Maiden. 
Rourke, James E., 22, ]\I. ; nail-maker, Cambridge ; 1910, 

Roxbury. 
Seoboria. Peter G., 27, M. ; brass-founder. Cambridge ; 1910, 

Oldham, N. H. 
Seabury, Josiah W., 18, S. ; farmer. Brewster; 1910, Paw- 
tucket, R. I. 
Sharp, William. 19, S. ; teamster, Hyannis ; d. Boston. 
Skerry, ^Michael, 18, S. ; laborer, Lynn; later U. S. Navy. 



Company F. 403 

Sloeum, Smith P., 28, i\I. ; mariner. Barnstable. 

Smalley, Peter B., 34, M. ; carpenter, Dennis. 

Snow, David. 18, S. ; clerk, Yarmonth ; 1930, Brockton. 

Spooner, Stephen, 18, S. ; farmer, Ashland; later Co. B, 2d 
Cav. 

Stiles, Arthur AV., 19. S. ; mariner, Ashland; later Co. D, 2d 
Cav. 

Stokoe, Robert H., 23, i\I. ; clerk, Cambridge. 

Thacher, Franklin, 20, S. ; clerk, Yarmonth ; 1910, Yarmouth. 

Wenzell, Dana M., 18, S. ; hostler, Ashland ; for many years 
a teamster and still resident in Ashland, 1910. 

Wheeler, William H., 18, S. ; farmer, Ashland; later Co. H, 
2d Cav. 

Wilkinson, William, 40, M. ; tinsmith, Cambridge ; d. Nov. 8, 
1899, Mattapan. 

Wyman, Benjamin F., 23, M. ; farmer, Lancaster; b. May 25, 
1839, Lancaster; though, since 1883, salesman for 
Leatheroid Mfg. Co., Kennebunk, Me., his home is still 
on the farm, held by himself and direct ancestors, 186 
years, six generations ; many years deacon Cong, 
church, as were father and grandfather before him; 
Pres. Francis Wyman Ass. of America ; was instrumen- 
tal in formation of regimental band ; has been Vice-pres. 
and Pres. Veteran Ass. of the regiment. 

Company F. 

(Unless otherwise stated, all M. I. Sept. ^3, 1862; M. O. July 2, 

1863.) 

*Served in 8 months' term. tServed in 100 days' term. 11 Helped 
siii)press draft riots, Boston. 

CAPTAIN. 

t||Charles Currier, 33, M. ; trader. Medford; D. of C, Sept. 
15, '62; M. 0. with regiment; vide F. & S., 100 days, 
1864. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

*Alfred Haskell, 31, S. ; shipwright, Medford ; D. of C, Sept. 
15, '62 ; M. 0. with regiment ; vide Co. E^ 3 mos., 1861 ; 
b. April 14, 1831, Medford; prominent in Free Masonry, 
G. A. R., police force; d. May 10, 1906, Medford. 



404 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 




Darius Baker (E). 
E. F. Wyer (E). 



B. F. Wyman (E). 
Chas. Currier (F). 



Company F. 405 

second lieutenant. 

*Elisha N. Peirce, 23, S. ; farmer, Medford ; D. of C, Sept. 15, 
'62; detached for service in the U. S. Signal Corps, Nov. 
24, '62; M. 0. Jan. 2, '64; vide 3 mos.., 1861; b. West 
Medford, Aug. 21, 1839 ; life devoted to floriculture ; d. 
Oct. 30, 1904, Waltham. 

SERGEANTS. 

James F. Ginn (1st). 21. S. ; grocer, Medford; d. April 12, 

1905, Charlestown. 
[[George W. Williamson, 34, M. ; ship-joiner, Medford; d. 

April 15, 1896, Charlestown. 
*David 0. Russell, 24, S. ; clerk, Medford; vide 3 mos., '61; 

later in Signal Corps. 
[[Francis A. Lander, 43, M. ; ship-joiner, Medford; d. Nov. 

13, 1908, Cambridge. 
Charles Russell, 27, ]\I. ; attorney, Medford. 

CORPORALS. 

George M. Teel, 22, S. ; clerk, Medford. 

Lvman W. Lee, 25, S. ; teacher, Medford; later 1st Sergt., 

Co. M, 2d H. Arty. 
Everett Newhall. 32, M. ; house-carpenter, Medford. 
Edwin C. Burbank, 19, S. ; clerk, I\Iedford. 
Josiah W. Parker, 42, M. ; carpenter. ]\Iedford. 
George U. Kimball, 37, M. ; butcher, Medford ; later baud, 

U. S. A. 
Augustus G. Baxter, 28, iM. ; upholsterer, Medford ; d. April 

9, 1909, Wakefield. 
[[Silas A. Wild. 44, ^l. ; auctioneer, IMedford. 

MUSICIANS. 

t|[Charles H. Prentiss, 20. S. ; clerk, Medford; vide Co. H, 

100 days, 1864. 
[[Lucius L. Wolley, 22, S. ; watchmaker, Medford. 

WAGONER. 

Charles C. Pierce, 21, S. ; farmer, Medford. 



406 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nixe Months. 

PRIVATES. 

Adams, Joseph D., 19, S. ; farmer, Medford. 
||Adams, Samuel, 42, M. ; dentist, Medford. 
Bagley, Alonzo J., 23, S. ; seaman, Medford. 
Barker, Wm. H. S., 24, M. ; ship-carpenter, Medford. 
Black, Lewis, 23, S. ; cigar-maker, Medford. 
Bragdon, George W., 29, ]\I. ; house-carpenter, Medford. 
Bresnahan, Jeremiah, 26, i\I. ; mason, Medford ; dis. March 

13. '63, "Washington, D. C, insanity. 
IJBrown, Hiram, 35, M. ; painter, Medford; d. Sept. 30, 1890, 

S. H., Chelsea, ge. 63 years. 
Burbank. William H., 24, S. ; clerk, Medford; prom. Q. M. 

Sergt., Oct. 8, '62, F. & S. 
Butters. Andrew, 28, ]\I. ; laborer, Medford ; dead. 
Clark, Gorham B.. 19, S. ; farmer, INledford. 
llCurrell, Elbridge G., 44, 31.; grocer, Medford; d. 1896, 

Charlestown. 
Currell, Elbridge G.. Jr.. 24, S. ; laborer, Medford. 
Curtin, Andrew, 27, widower; boot-former, Medford. 
||Curtin, Francis, 25. S. ; laborer. Medford; later Co. A, 28th 

Mass.; d. of wds. July 1. '64. 
Darling, Theodore, 22, ]\I. ; shoemaker, Medford. 
Davis. Samuel. 25, M. ; farmer, jNIedford. 
Denham, David A., 25, ]M. ; carpenter, ^Medford ; later Sergt., 

Co. B, 61st Mass. 
Dwyer. Thomas, 18, S. ; laborer, Medford. 
Farley, Thomas, 21, S. ; laborer, Medford. 
Fett. Jacob, 29. M. ; stone-cutter. Medford; d. July 30, 1903, 

Roxbury. 
Garner, James, 21, S. ; moulder, Boston; later 14th Battery; 

found dead on R. R. track, Lynn. March 18, 1891; in- 
mate S. H., Chelsea ; real name McGleish. 
llGee, Nathaniel, 28, M. ; porter, Medford. 
Gilson. William, 38, S. ; stone-cutter, INIedford. 
Gould, Thomas, 24, ]M. ; farmer, Medford. 
IJGray, Arthur W., 18, S. ; errand-bov, Medford; later Co. 

D, 42d Mass.; 100 days, 1864. 
Harding, Stephen, 37, M. ; laborer, ]\Iedford ; d. June 17. '63, 

Newbern. 
Harding. William. 41, 31.: laborer, IMedford. 
||Hartshorn. Hollis, 41, 31.; currier, 3[edford 



Company F. 407 

(|Hayford, Setli, 31, M. ; farmer, Medford. 

Hendarkin, Timothy, 42, M.; laborer, ^ledford; des. Oct. 
6, '62, Wenham*. 

Hervey, Frank, 24, S. ; clerk, Medford; 1910, Medford. 

Hines, Ira. 21. S. ; seaman. Medford ; dis. June 6, '63, to re-en. 
Co. C, 2d H. Arty. 

llHooker, David S., Jr., 18, S. ; blacksmith, Medford; d. Oct. 
17, 1904. S. H., Chelsea. 

Howard, James. 28, M. ; baker, ]\Iedford. 

NHowe, Humphrey B., 44, M. ; teacher, Medford. 

||James, John, 21, S. ; painter, Medford; 1896, ^Medford. 

Jones, William E., 26, M. ; carpenter, Medford. 

Keene, Atwell C, 22, S. ; blacksmith, IMedford ; dis. June 6, 
'63, to re-en. Co. C, 2d H. Arty. 

Kimball, Isaiah W., 22, S. ; butcher, Medford. 

||Lawrence, William, 44. widower; carpenter, JMedford; d. 
1896. 

Litchfield, Joseph V., 40, M. ; carpenter, IMedford; d. Jan. 2, 
1899, Charlestown. 

I [Locke, James D., 24, S. ; mason, Medford; 1910, Charles- 
town. 

Looney, Timothy, 32, M. ; carpenter, Medford ; des. Oct. 12, 
'63, Wenham. 

Lord, Stephen, 28, S. ; stone-cutter, Medford. 

McAlear, James, 33, M. ; painter, Medford. 

IMcGillicuddy, Daniel, 34. M. ; laborer, Medford ; d. Dec. 1, 
'62, Newbern. 

McGillicuddy, James, 35, M. ; cloth-finisher, Medford. 

IMcKinney, Andrew, 36, ]\I. ; harness-maker, IMedford ; d. be- 
fore 1890. 

Mason, Edwin H., 26, S. ; farmer. Medford. 

Matthews, Ebenezer B., 45. M. ; shoemaker, Medford. 

llMeans, George W., 35, M.; carpenter, Medford; 1910, Med- 
ford. 

||Miller. George W., 26. jM. ; ship-joiner, Medford. 

Miller. William, 28, S. ; confectioner, IMedford ; des. Oct. 12, 
'62, AVenham. 

O'Brien, Michael, 35, M. ; laborer, Medford. 

llO'Connell, Michael, 44, M. ; sawyer, Medford; later Co. I, 
2d H. Arty.; d. Sept. 20, '63, Andersonville. Ga. 

Oliver, Samuel F., 30, M. ; gas-fitter, Medford; b. Lowell; 
d. April 6, 1904, S. H., Togus, Me. 



408 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

Page, Ephraim C. 34, S. : teamster, Medford ; d. 1896, Med- 
ford. 
Peak, Horatiiis X., Jr., 18, S. ; clerk, Medford. 
Powers, James :M., 30. S. ; painter, Medford : later Co. C, 
17th :\rass. ; d. Aug. 17, '64, Audersonville. 




Geo. H. Sampson (F). 
Henry Stock (F). 



Frank Hervey (Fj. 
Lewis Black (F). 



Powell, Jolin F., 23, S. ; stuc-eo-worker. Medford. 
llReed, Alvin R., 20, S. ; clerk, Medford. 

Rich. Stillman, 44, M. ; milkman. :\redford ; later Corp., Co. 
E, 3d H. Artv. 



Company G. 409 

Riley, Michael, 38, M. ; laborer, Medford ; en. and M. I. Oct. 

1, '62. 
Sampson, George H.. 22, S. ; clerk, Medford; 1910, N. Y. city. 
ySanborn, John H., 43, M. ; shoemaker, Medford. 
Savers, James, 22, M. ; seaman, ]\Iedford ; N. P. R. 
Smith, Frank B., 19, S. ; seaman, Medford; later U. S. Navy 

and 1st Battery, trans, to 9th Battery. 
||Stephens, Alfred, 42, M. ; painter, Medford; b. England, 

1820; many years policeman; d. Nov., 1903, Medford. 
yStimpson, Alden M., 38, M. ; carpenter, Medford. 
Stock, Henry, 27, S. ; druggist, Medford. 
Tay, Francis J., 43, M. ; tailor, Medford ; later U. S. Signal 

Corps. 
ToAvle, James, 21, S. ; currier, ]Medford. 
Towle, Sidney M., 25, M. ; farmer, Medford. 
Tyler, Daniel, 35, M. ; painter. Medford ; des. Oct. 6, '62, 

Wenham. 
Walker, Jndson, 18, S. ; laborer, ]\Iedford. 
1 1 Wheeler, Wm. N., 27, S. ; seaman, Medford; en. Navy, Aug., 

'61; later Co. M,2dH. Arty., trans, to Co. D, 17tii Mass. 
White, John M., 27, S. ; teamster, Medford. 
Willis, Calvin W., 27, S. ; teamster, Medford; later Co. C, 

17th Mass. ; d. July 17, '64, rebel prison. 
Wood, Dexter T., 34, M. ; painter, Medford. 

Company G. 

(Unless otherwise stated, all M. I. Sept. 16, 1862; M. O. .July 
2, 1863.) 

*Served in 3 months' term. j-Served in 100 days' term. 



CAE>TAIN. 

t William T. Grammer, 40, jM. ; shoe manufacturer, Woburn ; 
D. of C, Aug. 27, '62; M. 0. with regiment; vide 
F. & S., 100 days, 1864. 



FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

tCharles S. Converse, 40, M. ; expressman, Woburn; D. of C. 
Aug. 27, '62; vide Co. G, 100 days, 1864. 



410 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT. 

William A. Colgate, 40, M. ; japaniier, Woburn ; ]\I. 0. with 
retriment. 

SERGEANTS. 

John P. Stevens (1st), 24, ]\I. ; merchant, Woburn. 
Horace X. Hastings. 33, M. ; printer, Woburn ; later 1st 

Sergt., Co. B. 11th Mass. ; d. Jan. 18, 1904, Lynn. 
James AValker. 37, ]\[. ; currier, Woburn ; d. April 28, 1904, 

Woburn. 
*Thomas Glvnn, 45, M. ; currier, AVoburn ; vide Co. I. 3 mos., 

'61 ; later Co. B, 11th Mass. 
*01iver W. Rogers, 21, S. ; student. Woburn; vide Co. I, 3 

mos., 1861 ; d. Nov. 8, 1907, Taunton. 

CORPORALS. 

tSamuel R. Dolliver, 38, M. ; policeman, Woburn; vide Co. 

G, 100 days, 1864. 
fThomas T. Ferguson, 28, Al. ; wheelwright, Woburn- vide 

Co. G, 100 days, 1864. 
Josiah Browm, 45, M. ; shoemaker, Woburn. 
George K. Home 23, S. ; iron-moulder, Woburn ; had served 

in Co. C, 13th Mass. ; later was in Navy. 
fEphraim W. Hadlev, 40, AI. ; shoemaker, Woburn ; vide Co. 

G, 100 days, 1864. 
tSamuel E. Wyman, 27, S. ; shoemaker, Woburn; vide Co. G, 

100 days, 1864. 
*Joseph Johnson, 43, M. ; currier, Woburn ; vide Co. I, 3 mos., 

1861; d. Dec. 11, 1898, Woburn, ve. 79-5-18. 
fThomas J. Flail, 26, S. ; currier, Woburn ; vide Co. G, 100 

days, 1864. 

MUSICIANS. 

fThomas V. Sullivan. 31, Al. ; gas fitter, Woburn; vide Co. G, 

100 days, 1864. 
Samuel Rinn, 29, S. ; shoemaker, Woburn ; later band, 3d 

Brig., 3d Div., 24th Army Corps; 1910, Cambridge. 



Company G. 411 

WAGONER. 

John B. Davis, -12, M. ; teamster, Woburn. 

PRIVATES. 

Ames, Jacob, 39, M. ; shoemaker ; later Corp., 59th Mass. ; d. 
Feb., 1897, Woburn. 

Bancroft, George, 18, S. ; butcher, Woburn ; later Co. E, 16tli 
]\Iass. ; 1910, ha-wrence. 

Bh^isdell, Irving C, 18, S. ; student, AVoburu; 1910, physi- 
cian, Wilmore, Penn. 

Bowers, Charles R., 48, M. ; shoemaker, Woburn. 

Buckman, Bowen, 2d, 42, ]\I. ; shoemaker, Woburn. 

fBulfinch, Edward, 20, S. ; currier, Woburn ; vide Co. D, 100 
days, 1864. 

Bulfinch, Henry, 40, M. ; clerk, Woburn; later Sergt., Co. E, 
1st Batt., 11. Arty. ; d. 1903, Woburn. 

Burns, John, 31. M. ; currier, Wobum. 

Buxton, ^Marshall F., 25, S. ; expressman, Woburn ; d. Jan. 
15, 1901, S. H., Chelsea. 

Carroll. Charles E.. 27, M. ; shoemaker, Woburn. 

Carroll, Jerome, 18, S. ; clerk, Woburn. 

tChampney, Edwin C, 19, S. ; artist, Woburn; vide Co. G, 
100 days, 1864. 

Colegate, Wm. C. C, 20, S. ; currier, Woburn; d. 1898, Wo- 
burn. 

tCottle, Edmund C, 19, S.; currier, Woburn; vide Co. G, 100 
days, 1864. 

Oockett, Charles L., 18, S. ; clerk, Boston. 

Cummings, Francis, 23, S. ; currier, Woburn. 

Cummings, AVm. H., 22, S. ; carpenter, Woburn ; d. 1900, Wo- 
burn. 

Danforth, Daniel W., 45, M. ; shoemaker, Woburn. 

tDean, Henry W., 30, M. ; shoemaker, Woburn; vide Co. G, 
100 days, 1864. 

Dearborn, George W., 24, M. ; baker, Woburn; 1910, Water- 
town. 

Flagg, Charles, 43, M. ; shoemaker, Woburn. 

fFlagg, George A., 21, S. ; farmer, Woburn; vide Co. G, 100 
days, 1864. 



412 Fifth Regiment. M. V. M., Nine Months. 




C. M. Kimball (G). 



C. M. Kimball (G). 
(In Later Life). 



T. T. Ferguson (G). 



Fletcher, Bernard, 28, :\r. ; japanner, Wobiirn ; 1910, Stone- 
ham. 

Foss, Charles H., 38. ^l. ; shoemaker. Woburn ; later Co. G, 
59th Mass. 

tFrench, Samuel R., 29. :\r. ; tailor, Woburn ; vide Co. G, 100 
days. 1864; d. Sept. 28, 1907, Woburn. 

tFiiller, Charles E., 26, S. : expressman, Wobnrn ; vide Co. G, 
100 days, 1864. 

Gleason, Albert, Jr.. 18, S. ; currier. AVobnrn. 

Hall, Abiather, 37, M. ; shoemaker, Wobnrn ; d. Boston. 

Hart, Henry T., 25, M. ; clerk, Wobnrn. 

Hill, Charles, 40, M. ; shoemaker, Belmont. 

Hopkins, Leonard F., 26. M. ; .shoemaker, Wobnrn. 

Jameson, AndrcAv, 44, ~SL ; stone mason, Wobnrn. 

Johnson, John H., 21, M. ; cnrrier. Wobnrn; later 29th Unat- 
tached Co., H. Arty. 



Company G. 413 

Jones, Luther F., 24, S. ; shoemaker, AVobiini; d. Dec. 6, 1899, 

Stoneham. 
fKelley, George A., 19, S. ; currier, Wobnrn ; vide Co. G, 100 

days, 1864. 
Kendall, William T.. 30, M. ; shoemaker, Wobiiru ; later Co. 

H, 59th Mass.; 1910, Woburn. 
Kilborne, Walter A., 36, M. ; shoemaker, Woburn. 
Kimball, Charles M., 21, S. ; carpenter, Woburn; 1910, West 

Newton. 
tKimball, George W., 35, M. ; carpenter, Woburn; vide Co. 

G, 100 days,, 1864. 
tKnowlton, James. H., 30, M. ; carpenter, Woburn; vide Co. 

G, 100 days, 1864. 
tKnox, Joseph J., 22, M. ; carpenter, Woburn ; vide Co. G, 

100 days, 1864. 
Lamon, George W., 19, S. ; cabinet-maker, Woburn. 
fLawrence, Eber H., 24, S. ; carpenter, Woburn ; vide Co. G, 

100 days, 1864. 
LeBaron, John S., 20, S. ; machinist, Wobum; later Co. B, 

11th Mass.; d. March 8, 1901, Woburn. 
LeBaron, Joseph F. S., 26, M.; currier, Woburn; 1910, Ar- 
lington. 
Linnell, Joseph, 26, S. ; currier, Woburn ; 1910, Woburn. 
Little, James, 33, M. ; currier, Woburn; d. Woburn. 
Lord, Henry T., 32, M. ; laborer, Woburn ; later Co. H, 59th 

Mass,. 
Lovejoy, Albert B., 31, M. ; currier, Woburn ; d. Oct. 12, 1896, 

Maiden. 
tMarion, Horace E., 19, S. ; student, Burlington; vide Co. G, 

100 days, 1864. 
Martin, Thomas, 40, ]\L ; tanner, Woburn. 
IMoore, Milton, 21, S. ; currier, AVoburn ; 1910, Woburn. 
Murdock, Alexander, 31, M. ; tailor, Woburn ; later Sergt., 

Co. B, 11th Mass. ; 1910, Woburn. 
Murphy, Michael K., 25, M. ; currier, Woburn. 
Nickles, John R., Jr., 20, S. ; printer, Stoneham ; later U. S. 

Signal Corps; d. Aug. 28, 1892. 
Page, Alvin, 28, M. ; carpenter, Woburn. 
fParker, Charles. 21, S. ; farmer, Woburn; vide Co. G, 100 

days, 1864. 
Parker, George, 24, S. ; farmer Woburn ; d. 1901, Woburn. 
Patten, Weston S., 23, S. ; teamster, Burlington. 



414 Fifth Regiment. M. V. M., Nine Months. 




H. F. Howes (E). 



H. E. Marion (G) 
(In Latei Years). 



Richards, John M., 34, M. ; seaman, Charlestown. 
Richardson, Calvin W., 23, S. ; clerk, Wolnirn. 
Richardson, Clark, 32, ]\I. ; currier, Woburn. 
Richardson, Johnson, 41, M. ; farmer, Woburn. 
tSeeley, Montressor, 24, S. ; clerk, Woburn; vide Co. G, 100 

days, 1864. 
Spear, William H., 33, M. : clerk. AVoburn ; 1910, Townsend. 
Spencer, Ebenezer R., 34, ^I. ; currier, Woburn ; later Co. G, 

24th Mass. 
Slai)]es, Fort, 24. S. ; carpenter, Burlington; 1910, Woburn. 
Starkweather, Josiah F., 34, M. ; paper-hanger. Woburn ; 

later Corp., Co. B, 11th ^Mass. ; d. before 1890. 
Stevens. Orin W., 32, M. ; shoemaker. Woburn ; d. Feb. 10, 

1896, Woburn. 
Stevens, Oscar F., 23, S. ; shoemaker, Groveland ; later Corp., 

Co. B, 4th 11. Arty. 
Stowers, Thomas P.. 23. 31. : shoemaker, Woburn ; d. April 

29. 1907, Wo])urn. 



Company G. 



415 




H. E. Marion (G). 



Fort Staples (G). 



H. G. Weston (G). 



Tabor, Newell Z., 29, M. ; japanner, Woburn ; later Co. K. 

39th Mass., and trans, as Corp, to Co. D, 32d ; d. Dec. 

23, 1900, Woburn. 
Tay, John B., Jr., 23, S. ; currier, Woburn ; 1910, Arlington. 
tTaylor, Dennis. 34, M. ; shoemaker, Woburn; vide Co .G, 100 

days., 1864. 
Tenney, Warren E., 21, S. ; barber, Woburn. 
tWade, Martin V., 26, S. ; shoemaker, Woburn ; vide Co. G, 

100 days, 1864. 
fWalker, James H., 29, M. ; currier, Woburn ; vide Co. G, 100 

days. 1864. 
Weston, Henry G., 18, S. ; artist, Woburn ; has served in band 

19th Mass. ; later was in band regular army and in V. R. 

C, also was in Navy from Sept. 11, '65, to April 2, '66 ; 

for many years messenger at State House, Boston. 
Winn. Abel T., 25, S. ; student, Woburn. 
tWinn, Otis K., 18, S. ; currier, Woburn: vide Co. G, 100 

davs. 1864. 



416 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

Wood, Charles T., 39, M. ; shoemaker, Woburn ; later Co. B, 

11th Mass. 
Wyman. John. 45, M. ; shoemaker, Wobiirn. 



Company H. 

(Unless otherwise stated, all M. I. Sept. 16, 1862; M. O. July 
2, 1863.) 

*Servecl in 3 months' term. j-Served in 100 days' term. ||Helped 
suppress draft riots, Boston. 



CAPTAIN. 

*||Caleb Drew, 33, M. ; ice dealer, Charlestown ; D. of C, Aug. 
19, '62; M. 0. "with regiment; vide Co. K, 3 mos., 
1861. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

*| [Walter Everett, 28, S. ; salesman, Charlestown; D. of C, 
Aug. 19, '62; M. 0. with regiment; vide Co. K, 3 mos., 
1864; d. Newark, N. J. 



SECOND LIEUTENANT. 

*||tDaniel Webster Davis, 35. S. ; salesman, Charlestown; 
D. of C, Aug. 19, '62; vide Co. K, 3 mos., '62; also 
Co. 11, 100 days, 1864. 



SERGEANTS. 

||John I\r. Call (1st), 27, M. ; produce dealer, Charlestown; 

d. 1894, Boston. 
Edward F. Everett, 22, S. ; clerk, Charlestown; dis. June 

6, '63, to re-en., Co. C. 2d H. Arty. 
*||Joseph Moulton. 25, S. ; clerk, Charlestown; vide Co. K, 

3 mos., 1861; 1910, Winchester. 
II t William Spaulding, 23, S. ; teamster, Charlestown; vide 

Co. H, 100 da.vs, 1864; 1910, Lexington. 
*||Amos S. Hilton, 35, M. ; teamster, Charlestown; vide Co. 

K, 3 mos., 1861; d. Oct. 17, 1903, Chelmsford. 



Company H. 417 

corporals. 

*John C. CaiT, 27, S. ; carpenter, Charlestown ; vide Co. K, 

8 mos.., 1861. 
lltThomas R. Roulston, 22, M. ; carpenter, Charlestown- vide 

Co. H, 100 days, 1864. 
||Charles H. Allen, 29, M. ; carpenter, Charlestown. 
Benj. G. Blanchard, Jr., 26, M. ; spar-maker, Charlestown; 

d. May 23, '63, Newborn. 
Horatio N. Doyle, 29, M. ; produce dealer, Charlestown. 
George Prescott, 31, M. ; teacher, Charlestown ; d. Dec. 23, 

1907, Charlestown. 
lltWm. D. F. Miller, 24, M. ,^ spar-maker, Charlestown; vide 

Co. H, 100 days, 1864. 
||Edward L. LeTerre, 18, S. ; clerk, Charlestown; app. Nov. 

1, '62. 

MUSICIANS. 

||Joseph H. Knox, 21, S. ; milkman, Charlestown; later U. 

S. Navy ; 1910, Charlestown. 
Joseph F. ^lason, 20, S. ; milkman, Charlestown: left at 

home sick, never joined regiment; dis. July 6, '63, 

without pay or emoluments. 

WAGONER. 

Joseph Daniels, 19, S. ; carpenter, Charlestown; d. before 

1888. 

PRIVATES. 

Akins, John, Jr., 21, S. ; upholsterer, Charlestown. 

Allen, Frank E., 23, M. ; clerk, Charlestown. 
Archer, Edwin W., 25, S. ; carpenter, Charlestown. 
t Archer, William H., 20, S. ; rope maker, Charlestown ; 
vide Co. H, 100 days, 1864; d. Jan. 28, 1900, Charles- 
town. 

I [Barrett, John, Jr., 29, M. ; painter, Charlestown. 

IJtBarstow, Edward F., 34, M. ; carpenter, Charlestown ; vide 
Co. 11, 100 days, 1864. 

*||Beddoe, Thomas, 44, M. ; painter, Charlestown; vide Co. 
K, 3 mos., 1861; d. Dee. 17, 1899, Charlestown. 



418 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M.. Xixe Months. 

Bibrim, AVilliain F.. 27, S. ; sailinnkor. Charlestown. 
Brazier. "William II.. '36, ^1.: printer, Charlestown; d. Nov. 

6, 1899, Somerville. 
[|Brvaut, John, 18, S. ; clerk, Cliarlestown ; later U. S. Navy 

'as Jolm M. ; d. Sept. 10, 1907, Boston. 
[|Biitts, William D.. 23, S. ; machinist, Charlestown; later U. 

S. Navy. 
Claridge, Frederick, 36, ]M. ; rope maker, Charlestown. 
tColbert. Lawreuce E., 21, S. ; rope maker, Charlestown; 

vide Co. H, 100 days, 1864. 
lltColson, Charles A.. 18, S. ; clerk, Charlestown; vide Co. 

H, 100 days, 1864. 
Conn, Henry, 44, M. ; carpenter, Charlestown. 
llCross. John. 20. S. ; clerk, Charlestown. 
*|]Davis, William W.. 39, S. ; gun-carriaefe maker, Charles- 
town; vide Co. K. 3 mos.,^1861: d. March, 1890, S. H., 

Togns, Me. 
*JiDearboru, Daniel H., 23, M. ; sailmaker, Charlestown; app. 

Corp., Nov. 1, '62 ; vide Co. K, 3 mos., 1861 ; 1910. 

Charlestown. 
IJEdgerlv. Lvmau W., 22, S. ; clerk. Charlestown; d. April 

2, 1910,' Melrose, 
pmerson, Howard B., 19, S. ; clerk. Charlestown; d. 1899, 

Boston. 
pverett, Horace S., 22, S. ; apothecary. Charlestown ; 1910, 

physician, Boston. 
Fowler. Hervey P., 18. S. ; clerk, Charlestown; later 11th 

Battery. 
Gary, Edwin F., 22, S. ; clerk. Charlestown. 
Gay, John P. 23, S. ; coachman. Cambridge. 
Gordon. Charles H., 22. S. ; printer, Charlestown. 

Goss. James F., 23. ]\I. ; clerk. Charlestown. 
IJHarding, Alvin W.. 20, S. ; enrrier, Lexington. 
tHarding, Frederick H.. 18, S. : enrrier, Lexington; vide 

Co. H, 100 days, 1864. 
HHardy, Henry C. ; 33. ^I. : machinist, Charlestown. 
I Harrincrton. Arthnr, 22, S. ; bookkeeper. Charlestown. 
Hildreth. John P.. 16, S. ; clerk, Charlestown. 
Hildreth. Henben. 20. S. ; bookkeeper. Charlestown; 1910, 

Medford. 
Holmes, Warren A., 19, S. ; milkman. Charlestown: 1910, 

Charlestown. 



Company H. 419 

[|Huntington, Herbert W., 19, S. ; clerk, Charlestown; 1910, 

Charlestown. 
Ingalls, James, 34, M. ; painter, Charlestown ; S. H., Togus, 

Me. 
||James, George, 18, S. ; milkman, Charlestown; later Co. 

B, 4th Cav. 
llfKenah, 19, S. ; rope maker, Charlestown; vide Co. H, 100 

days. 1864. 
Leman, Frederick W., 15, S. ; clerk, Charlestown; 1910, 

Soraerville. 
Lincoln, Charles E., 22, S. ; bookkeeper, Charlestown. 
Mallon, Andrew J., 23, M. ; clerk, Charlestown. 
Mann, Charles H., 26, S. ; painter, Charlestown. 
Mason, Theodore L., 24, M., painter, Charlestown. 
McAuslan, William H., 23, S. ; milkman, Charlestown. 
JMeader, John K., 35, ^M. ; merchant, Charlestown ; 1910, 

Reading. 
*Melvin, William W., 28, S. ; butcher, Lexington ; vide Co. 

K, 3 mos., 1861. 
Miskelley, Edward H., 23, M. ; carpenter, Charlestown. 
Miskelley, James W., 22, S. ; carpenter, Charlestown; 1910, 

Revere. 
f|Morrill, George E., 25, M. ; carpenter, Charlestown ; d. Oct. 

23, 1898, Dorchester. 
([Morse, James A., 24, S. ; upholsterer, Charlestown. 
[[tMullett, Thomas W., 19, S. ; clerk, Charlestown; vide 

Co. H, 100 days, 1864. 
([Nash, William H., 34, M. ; boat builder, Charlestown. 
Newcorab, Edward, 23, S. ; plumber, Charlestown ; dis. June 

1, '63, Beaufort, N. C, disa. ; d. 1908, Charlestown. 
Parker, Daniel, 21, S. ; baker, Charlestown; d. before 1886. 
lltParshley, Alonzo, 22, S. ; carpenter, Charlestown; vide 

Co. H, 100 days, 1864. 
Parshley, Sylvester, 20, S. ; carpenter, Charlestown. 
([Pease, Albion P., b. Parsonsfield, Me.; 18, S. ; clerk, 

Charlestown; helped organize the Dept. Missouri G. A. 

R., and was its first Asst. Adjt. -general ; present Com- 
mander E. W. Kinsley Post. 113, Boston ; Secretary 

Employers' Association, 1910, Boston. 
||Plaisted, George 0., 24, S. ; teamster, Charlestown; later 

16th Batterv. 



420 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

(|PomeroY, Thomas J., 28, M. ; fireman, Charlestown. 

I [Poor, Edwin H., 20, S. ; clerlv, Charlestown; later 4th Un- 

attached Company, 90 days, 1864; d. Jnne 21, 1906, 

Boston. 
Prescott, Melvin, 24, M. ; clerk, Charlestown. 
*||Ramsey, Royal, 36, M. ; morocco-dresser, Charlestown; 

vide Co. K, 3 mos., 1861. 
||Raymond, Joel, Jr., 39, M. ; mason. Charlestown. 
||Reed, Thomas B., 21, S. ; clerk, Charlestown. 
||Rice, Augustus R., 22. S. ; blacksmith. Charlestown; 1910, 

Melrose. 
||Robertson, Charles M., 39, M. ; carpenter, Charlestown. 
jJRobinson, Frank T., 18, S. ; clerk, Charlestown; d. June 3, 

1898, Roxbury. 
iJRoulstone, Edwin A.. 25, M. ; clerk. Charlestown. 
*||Schillinger, Beuj. F., 25, M.; painter, Charlestown; vide 

Co. I, 3 mos., 1861 ; d. April 28, 1893, Arlington. 

I I Schwartz, James L., 19, S. ; sail-maker, Charlestown; later 

10th Battery. 
Il+Seavey, Albert, 22, S.; clerk, Charlestown; vide Co. D, 

100 days, '64; later Paymaster's clerk. Navy. 
Stevens, Edward C, 22, S. ; clerk, Roxbury. 
Stiles, Samuel D., 23, S. ; milkman, Charlestown. 
||Stoodley, Joseph E., 23, S. ; machinist, Charlestown. 
IJSumner, Stephen, 19, S. ; painter, Melrose; d. June, 1910, 

Mattapan. 
||Titus, Daniel F., 19, S. ; plasterer, Charlestown; later 

4th Unattached Company, 90 days, '64, also Sergt., Co. 

M, 3d Cav. ; d. Charlestown. 
||Varrell, John H., 21, S. ; clerk, Charlestown. 
llfWebster, George H., 18, S. ; clerk, Charlestown; vide Co. 

H, 100 days, 1864. 
Whitney, Edwin F.. 19. S. ; machinist, Charlestown; d. Feb. 

3, '63, Newbern. 
Whiting, Henry L., 29, M. ; machinist, Charlestown. 
llWhittemore, Theodosius J., 23, S.; ship-joiner, Charlestown. 
llWiley, Samuel A., 28, S. ; mason, Charlestown. 
1 1 Williams, Samuel Jr., 29, S. ; mason, Charlestown; 1910, 

Charlestown. 



Company I. 421 

Company I. 

(Unless otherwise stated, all M. I. Sept. 16, 1862; M. O. July 2, 
1863.) 
tServed in 100 days' term. 

CAPTAIN. 

Charles B. Newton, 27, M. ; shoemaker, Bolton; D. of C, Sept. 
4, '62; M. 0. with regiment; later Capt., Co. C, 2d H. 
Arty. ; b. Bolton ; d. Oct. 19, 1893, Quincy, -x. 55-10-3. 



FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

f Andrew A. Powers, 31, M. ; shoemaker, Bolton; D. of C, 
Sept. 4, '62; M. 0. with regiment; vide Co. I, 100 days, 
'64; d. May 8, 1873. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT. 

fWilliam S. Frost, 34, I\r. ; mason, Marlboro; D. of C, Sept. 
4, '62; M. 0. with regiment; vide Co. I, 100 days, '64; d. 
July 13, 1907. 

SERGEANTS. 

Thomas W. Hazel (1st), 21, — ; , Marlboro; dis. April 

1, '63, disa.; d. March 24, 1873. 

Wm. D. Taylor (1st), 33, M. ; shoemalver, Marlboro; app. 
April 13, '63; later Corp., Co. C, 2d H. Arty; 1910, 373 
Summer St., Lynn.- 

Samuel L. Holt, 26, M. ; engineer, Marlboro; later officer in 
Navy; d. Feb. 12. 1905, Boston, a?. 68-5-7. 

George Balcom, 30, M.; shoemaker, Marlboro; b. Jan. 23, 
1832; Cambridge schools; 1850, Marlboro; Fire Dept. 
27 years, foreman Torrent No. 1, 9 years; Board of En- 
gineers 7 years, Im^o as chief; Representative, Legislature, 
1898-1900; charter member, Marlboro Lodge, K. of P., 
40 years a worker; has ])een Pres. Co. I Vet. Ass. and 
Commander John A. Rawlins Post, G. A. R. 



422 Fifth Regiiment, ]M. V. M., Nine Months. 

Augustus S. Trowbridge, 18, S. ; shoemaker. Bolton ; app. 

from Corp. Jan. 1, '63; later Corp., 16th Battery; 1910, 

So. Framingham. 
Henry H. Perry, 18, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; app. from 

Coi-p. April 13, '63 ; later Co. K, 57th Mass. ; d. of wds. 

April 9, '65. 

CORPORALS. 

fLevi 0. Cunningham, 23, S. ; butcher, Marlboro ; vide Co. I, 

100 days. '64. 
Henry A. Woodbury, 28, M.; mason, Bolton; d. Dec. 30, '65. 
f John H. Sawyer, 26, S. ; farmer, Bolton ; ^dde Co. I, 100 

days, '64. 
fAmorv S. Haynes, 22, S. ; manufacturer, Bolton ; vide Co. 

I, "lOO days, '64. 
William Alley, 47, M. : tailor. Marlboro; d. Feb. 5. 1895, 

j\Iarlboro. se. 79-11-21. 
Francis Babcock, 30, S. ; carpenter, Berlin; 1910, West Berlin. 
Wm. H. Larrabee, 30, M. ; shoemaker, Bolton ; app. Jan. 

1. '63; d. Aug. 19, 1888. 
tFrank Bean, 17, S. ; student, Marlboro; app. April 13, '63; 

vide Co. I. 100 days, '64. 

MUSICIANS. 

Lewis T. Howe, 18, S. ; shoemaker, Berlin ; later 16th Bat- 
tery ; b. Berlin, 1844 ; d. June 12, 1894, Hudson, £e. 50-6 ; 
Pres. Vet. Ass. Co. I at death. 

fWillard G. Bruce, 23, S. ; shoemaker, Berlin ; vide Co. I, 
100 days, '64. 

WAGONER. 

Micah B. Priest, 45, M.; carpenter, Marlboro; d. Dec. 2, 1888. 

PRIVATES. 

Adams, Charles 28, M. ; cari^enter, Marlboro ; later Co. F, 

1st Batt., H. Arty. ; 1910, :\Iarlboro. 
lAndrews, Henrv K. W. 21. S. : farmer, Marlboro; had 

served in Co'. D, 30th ^^lass. ; vide Co. I, 100 days, '64. 



Company I. 



423 




#«^ 





Chas. A. Wood (I, 100 days). 
George Balcom (I). 



E. B. Babcock (I). 
Jos. W. Barnes (I). 



Babcock, Edmund B. 22, S. : farmer, Berlin ; later Sergt. Co. 

C, 4th Cavalry ; b. 1840 of Quaker parentage ; d. Feb. 8, 

1900, Worcester, oe. 59-5-11. 
Babcock, Harrison T. 21, S.; shoemaker, Berlin; wd. Colds- 

boro; 1910, Berlin. 
fBabcock, AVm. T. 21, S. ; farmer, Berlin; vide Co. I. 100 

days, '64. 
Barker, Justin D. 34, M. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; b. Nelson, 

N. H.; d. Oct. 29, 1895, Marlboro, ffi. 57-5. 



424 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

Barnes, Joseph W. 23, S.; student, Marlboro; later Co. K, 
57th Mass.; d. Jan. 23, 1911, S. H., Chelsea. 

Bennett, Freeman W. 19, S. ; shoemaker, Bolton; 1910, 
Clinton. 

fBerry, John C. 18, S. ; carpenter, Marlboro ; ^-ide Co. I, 100 
days, '64. 

Blaii. John 18, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro; on Adjt. Gen.'s I^e- 
port "Blair"; real name John B. Gironard; 1910, Marl- 
boro. 




E. A. Brown (I). 



A. S. Haynes (I). 
IN LATER YEARS 



E. A. Perry (I). 



Blake, Charles E. 28, ]\I. ; shoemaker. Marlboro ; en. and M. 
I. Oct. 9, '62; later Co. I, 2d H. Artv.; d. Dee. 19, 1872. 

Bliss, Charles H. 21, M. ; shoemaker, Berlin; 1901, Worces- 
ter; d. Oct. 30, 1903, Worcester, a^. 62-2-14. 

fBond, Edmund E. 19, S. : farmer, ^Marlboro : vide Co. I, 
100 days. "64. 

Bourdreau, Ensibee 18, S. ; shoemaker. ^larlboro ; en. and M. 
I. Oct. 9, '62; lat. add., Brockton. 

Brewer, Theo. M. 38, S.; farmer, Marlboro: d. April 19, 1868. 

fBrown, Edward A. 23, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; vide Co. 
E, 100 days, '64. 

Bnllard, James ^I. 24. S. ; shoemaker, Berlin ; b. Berlin ; d. 
April 29, 1893, Worcester, se. 55 years. 



Company I. 



425 




William W. Wood (I). 
William T. Babcock (I). 



J. B. Girouard (I). 
F. W.Bennett (I). 



Burgess, John F. 21, S. ; shoemaker, Bolton; d. March 4, 
1904, Hudson, se. 62-7-24. 

Chase, Benjamin, 40, M. ; shoemaker, Marlboro; d. Sept. 26, '88. 

Claflin, James P. 28, M. ; teacher, Marlboro ; b. 1834, Hopkin- 
ton; at enlistment was principal High School, some of 
his pupils going with him ; after the war was general 
manager N. Y. Life Ins. Co., State of Me.; later was 
trans, to Illinois with residence in Chicago; d. Oct., 1891 



426 Fifth Regiment, :\I. V. M., Nine Months. 

Corser, George A. 18, S. ; farmer, Bolton ; dis. June 6, '63, to 

re-en. Co. C, 2d H. Arty. ; d. Oct. 22, '64, Newbern. 
fCrosbv. Ariel 34, ]\L : shoemaker, Marlboro; vide Co. I, 100 

days. '64. 
Dispeau. James F. 22, M. ; shoemaker, Bolton ; d. April 7, 

1908, Brockton, se. 67-1-13. 
Diunas, Peter 23, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro; d. Soldiers' 

Home, Togns, Me., Jan. 11, 1901, £e. 65 years. 
Ellis, George 18, S. ; farmer, Berlin; 1910, Leominster. 
fFarnsworth, Luther H. 33. ]\L ; shoemaker, Marlboro; vide 

Co. I, 100 days, '64. 
Flynn, Jeremiah 21, S. ; cotton-spinner. INIarlboro; dis. June 

6, '63 to re-en., Co. F, 2d H. Arty. ; d. Jan. 31, 1908, 

Shirley, te. 64 years. 
Fogg, George 22, M.; shoemaker, Marlboro; d. Aug. 17, 1908, 

Boston. 
Gibbs, L^mian 44, widower ; butcher, Bolton ; b. Leominster ; 

d. ]\iay 24, 1893, Worcester, se. 74 years. 
Gibbs, William, 39, M.; hotel-keeper, *Bolton; d. July 21, 

1900, Soldiers' Home, Chelsea, a?. 78-1-4. 
Girouard, J. B.; vide John Blau. 
Grenache, Claude 32, M. ; blacksmith, Marlboro; b. Montcalm, 

Canada East, 1830; k. Oct. 23, '62, by falling from yard- 
arm, steamer Mississippi; vide p. 130. 
Hartford. Erastus G. 32, widower; shoemaker, Marlboro; b. 

Dover. X. H., 1832; d. April 13, 1895, Boston, se. 63 

years, 
f Hastings. Augustus L. 20, S. : farmer, Berlin ; vide Co. I, 

100 days, '64; b. Clinton: a K. R. engineer, he was 

fatally injured by falling from his engine at Sterling 

June, dying at the Clinton Hospital, Jan. 21, 1891, 

c^. 48-3-15. 
fHastings. Edward ^L 21, S. : shoemaker. Marlboro : vide Co. 

E, 100 davs, '64. 
Hill. Charles W. 28. I\I. : teacher, Marlboro ; b. West Medwav, 

June 5, 1834; d. Nov. 13, 1896, Boston, a?. 62-5-5; when 

en., prin. Washington St. Granunar School, Marlboro; at 

death master Bowditch School. Jamaica Plain. 
Holt, Stephen A. 21, S. : shoemaker, ^Marlboro; 1910, Hudson. 
Howe, Ephraim D. 20. S. ; student. Marlboro; b. ]\Tarlboro; 

for many years secretary VeteraD Association, Co. I; 

1910. lawyer, Gardner. 



Company I. 



427 




E. A. Perry (I)i 
J. W. Barnes, (I). 



Chas. Adams (I) . 
E. D. Howe (I). 



Howe, George W. 28, S. ; shoemaker, Berlin ; d. before 1887. 
Howe, Wallace 31, — ; shoemaker, Marlboro; 1910, Southboro. 
Hurlburt, James D. 29, S. ; carpenter, Berlin; d. Dec. 25, 1887; 

at his death was Treas., town of Bolton. 
Jillson, James 18, S- ; shoemaker, Bolton; later 16th Battery; 

d. June 4, 1887.: 
Jordan, James W. l8, S. ; farmer, Marlboro; 1910, No. Al 

Berwick Place, Boston. 
Jourdan, John 29, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro; 1910, Soldiers' 

Home, Togns, Me. 



428 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 

Kurtz. Charles 31, M. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; later Co. A, 

56th Mass.; 1910, Marlboro. 
Lancy, Samuel O. 20, ]\I. ; shoemaker. Marlboro; d. April 23, 

1899, Soldiers' Home, Chelsea, se. 56-5-12; bur. Hudson. 
Loftus, Martin J. 19, S. ; painter, Marlboro; d. before 1887. 
Lowell, Frank H. 18, S. ; shoemaker, ]\Iarlboro ; later Corp. 

Co. K, 57tb Mass.; 1910, Oakland, Cal. 
Mclntire, John 18. S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; later Co. F, 2d 

H. Arty.; d. Ausr. 14, 1909, S. H., Chelsea. 
Merrill, John A. 34, M. ; shoemaker, Berlin; 1910, Berlin. 
Murphv, Richard 19, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro; dis. June 6. 

'63, to re-en. Co. B, 2d H. Arty. 
Ne^\d:on, Francis M. 20, S. ; farmer, Bolton; later Sergt. Co. 

C, 4th Cavalry; d. July 26, 1899. 
Nourse, Andrew L. 20, S. ; farmer, Bolton; Representative, 

Legislature, 1892 ; 1910, farmer, Bolton. 
Nourse, Joseph B. 18, S. ; shoemaker, Southboro : later Co. G, 

4th Cavalry; 1910, Medway. 
O'Brien, John 20, S. ; painter, Marlboro; later Sergt. Co. D, 

4th Cav. ; d. before 1887. 
Paige, Frank W. 18, S. ; shoemaker, Berlin; dis. March 28, 

'63, disa. ; later Co. D, 6th V. R. C. ; dis. June 30, '65, 

because of gun-shot wound; d. Jan. 12, 1901, Foxboro, 

a?. 57-10-20. 
Pedrick, Joseph W. 18, S. ; shoemaker, ]\Iarlboro ; later Corp. 

16th Battery; 1910. Milford. 
Perry, Edward A. 20, S. ; student, Marlboro ; d. Dec. 15, 1907, 

Cooperstown, N. Y'. ; prominent in Masonry, he had 

preached in Fort Plain, N. Y., and for 13V2 years was 

Universalist pastor in Cooperstown. 
Pierce, William D. 23, :\r. ; shoemaker, Bolton; 1910, Hudson. 
fPriest. C4eorge 0. 18, S. ; shoemaker. ^Marlboro; vide Co. E, 

100 days, '64; 1910, Metuchen, N. J. 
Priest, Oilman 43, M. ; farmer, Marlboro ; b. IMarlboro ; d. 

Sept. 7, 1895, Hudson, a\ 82-0-13, farmer. 
Sawyer, Rufus C. 31, M. ; shoemaker, Berlin; d. Oct. 4, 1903, 

se. 70-11-25 ; Pres. of Co. I Vet. Ass. at death. 
Smith. Augustus E. 18, S. ; shoemaker, ]^Iarlboro; later Co. 

M, 2d H. Arty. ; 1910, Moira, Franklin Co., N. Y. 
Smith, George W. 19, S. ; shoemaker, Clinton ; left at home 

sick, did not report to the regiment, did not leave the 

State; later Co. M, 2d H. Arty.; d. July 12, 1887. 



Company I. 



429 




Chas, H. Bliss (I). 



R. C. Sawyer (I). 



Smith, Stephen 23, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro; 1910, Stone- 
ham. 

fSpoerell. George 33, M. ; tailor, Marlboro; vide Co. I, 100 
days, '64. 

Starkey, Charles D. 24, M. ; shoemaker, Berlin; d. May 26, 
'63, Newbern. 

fStratton, Isaac C. 18, S. ; shoemaker, Bolton; vide Co. I, 100 
days, '64 ; later 16th Battery. 

Temple, George L. 19, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro; 1891, Fay- 
ville; d. Oct. 24, 1905. 

Temple, Henrv M. 18. S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro; d. be- 
fore 1887. 

Temple, Marshall H. 42, M.; shoemaker, Marlboro. 

fWhitcomb, David B. 24, M. ; shoemaker, Berlin ; res. Sergt. 's 
warrant Jan. 1, '63; vide Co. I, 100 days. '64. 

White, Charles H. 27, M. ; farmer, Bolton; d. Nov. 10, 1903, 
Bolton, ae. 68 years. 



430 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 




Wm. W. Wood (I). 



Jas. W. Jordan (I). 



E. D. Howe (I). 



White, Nathaniel H. 20, S.; farmer, Marlboro; 30 Otis St., 

Medford. 
Wood, Henry 24, M. ; farmer, Bolton; d. Oct. 4, 1904, Bol- 
ton. 66-3-16. 
fWood, William W. 23, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; vide Co. 

I, 100 days, '64. 
f Woodbury, Alfred I. 28, M. ; news-agent, Boston; en. and 

M. I. Oct. 9, '62 ; \dde Co. I, 100 days, '64. 
Works, George L. 19, S. ; shoemaker, Southboro ; later Co. 

E, 4th H. Arty. ; 1910, So. Framingham. 
Wright, Aaron W. 18, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro; b. Holden; 

d. Sept. 29, 1896, Worcester, ae. 54 years. 
fWright, Albert A. 24, S. ; shoemaker, Westford; vide Co. 1, 

100 days, '64. 
fWright, Charles E. 35, M. ; shoemaker, Marlboro; vide Co. 

I, 100 days, '64. 
fWright. Edward E. 20, S. ; teacher, Westford: ^dde Co. I, 

100 days, '64. 



Company K. 431 

Company K. 

(Unless otherwise stated, all M. I. Sept. 19, 1862; M. O. July 2, 
1863.) 
*Served in o months' term. tServed in 100 days' term. 

CAPTAIN. 

Joseph Crafts, 43, M. ; accountant, Watertown; D. of C, Aug. 
28, '62 ; M. 0. \\dth regiment. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

Florence E. Crowley, 28, widower; harness-maker, Waltham; 
D. of C, Aug. 28, '62 ; M. 0. with regiment. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT. 

*Ira Joseph Osborne. 21, S. ; carpenter, Watertown ; D. of C, 
Aug. 28, '62; vide Co. I, 3 mos., 1861; later U. S. Sig-nal 
Corps. 

SERGEANTS. 

John H. Carter (1st), 24, S. ; machinist, Watertown; later 
Captain Co. E, 4th Cavalry. 

William F. Baldwin, 26, M. ; tin-worker, Watertown ; later 
Co. A, 62d Mass. 

John N. Whelon, 30, M. ; painter, Waltham; d. March 20, 
1907, Waltham. 

Bainbridge, S. Houghton, 28, S. ; farmer, Waltham ; d. June 
9, '63, Newbern. 

Otis A. Whitcomb, 21, S. ; farmer, Waltham. 

Charles Brigham, 21, S. ; architect, Watertown ; from Corp. 
Feb. 1, '63; designer of the State House Extension, Bos- 
ton; 1910. Watertown. 

CORPOR.VLS. 

William F. Fiske, 26, S. ; shoemaker, Waltham ; dis. Jan. 14, 

'65, disa. 
James G. Wormwood, 36, M. ; laborer, Waltham ; d. 1901. 

Wakefield. 



432 Fifth Regiment, ^I. V. M., Nine Months. 

Jacob C. Boyce, 32, M. ; teamster, Watertown. 

Charles Adams, 21, S. ; carpenter, Watertown ; later Co. F, 
1st Batt. H. Arty.; b. Watertown; carpenter and builder, 
Worcester, till 1889, then Assistant Snpt. Buildings till 
1905 ; 1910, Worcester, State Inspector. 

Selden H. Rosebrook, 25, S. ; farmer, Watertown. 

Joseph S. Perkins, 21, S. : painter, W^altham. 

Zenas Winslow, 27. S. ; watchman, W^altham. 

James A. Ellis, 18, S. ; farmer. Watertown ; app. Feb. 1, '63 
later F. & S., 1st Cav., d. 1896. 

Horace W. Otis, 21, S. ; clerk, Watertown; app. Feb. 1, '63 
later Q. M., Sergt. Co. L, 1st Cavalry; wd. Ashland, Va. 
May 11, '64, neck, shoulder and forearm; dis. July, '65 
disa.: has been Assessor and Selectman, Trustee of Li- 
brary; is now Trustee Savings Bank, Director National 
Bank and on Investment Com. Co-operative Bank; since 
1866 of firm Otis Brothers, Watertown. 



3IUSICIANS . 

Thomas ^Miller, 18, S. ; watchmaker. Waltham. 
f James Dunn, 16. S. ; servant. Watertown : vide Co. B, 100 
days, '64 ; later Co. E, 1st Batt. Cavalry. 



W\\£;ONER. 

Lyman H. Chase, 26, — ; farmer, Essex; later Co. H, 3d H. 
Arty. 

privates. 

Arnold, Ambrose 18, S. ; laborer. Waltham. 

Bent, Judson L. 26, S. ; student, Watertown; later acid., San 

Diego, Cal. 
Blanchard, James H. 27, j\I. ; lather, Waltham. 
Burns, Patrick, 21. S. ; laborer, Watertown; missing in Golds- 

boro Expedition, Dec. 18, '62; rejoined regiment June 

26. '63, at Boston from Parole Camp, Annapolis, Md. 
Carsons, Elbridge C. 20, S. ; farmer, Waltham ; d. March 9, 

1905, Waltham. 
Carsons, Francis D. 18, S. ; farmer, Waltham, 



Company K. 433 

Collins, Joliii 18, S. ; laborer, Waltham. 

Crowley, AVilliam 35, M. ; farmer, Waltham ; later Co. C. 2d 

Cavalry. 
Curtis. Jolin D. 35, M; laborer, Waltham; May 28, 1900, 

Waltham. 
Daley, John 33. M.; laborer, Waltham; d. Nov. 21, 1892, S. 

H., Chelsea, a^. 60 years. 
Dardiss, Thomas 18, S. ; laborer, Waltham ; later Co. L, 1st 

Cavalry. 
Derby, Amos L. 43, M. : laborer, Watertown. 
Dexter, George A. 20, S. ; baggage-master, Watertown; d. 

March 27, 1910, Brookline. 
Dowire, Andrew 18, S. ; laborer, Watertown ; later Corp. Co. 

L, 1st Cavalry ; also found as DaWyre. 
Fisher, Charles R. 43, M. ; shoemaker, Waltham. 
Foster, Charles 22, S. ; saddler, Watertown. 
Garritv, Patrick 21, S. ; laborer, Boston. 
Gillespie, John E. 18, S. ; farmer, Waltham; later Co. G, 2d 

H. Arty. ; also Co. I, 56th INTass. ; k. June 23, 1864, 

Petersburg. 
Gleason, Daniel W. 37, S. ; laborer, Wayland. 
Grant, Samuel 24, M. ; laborer, Waltham. 
Harrington, George E. 20, S. ; clerk, Watertown. 
Hills, Charles F. 18, S. ; laborer, Watertown. 
Hilton, Charles C. 18, S. ; machinist, AVatertown. 
Home, George W. Jr. 18, S. ; carpenter, Watertown. 
Howard, Frederick A. 44, widower; laborer, Watertown; des. 

Oct. 2, '62, Wenham. 
Howe, Charles A. 22, S. ; farmer, Waltham ; d. Nov. 19, 1903, 

Bolton, 
f Howes, Micajah C. 18, S. ; clerk, Watertown; vide Co. C, 

100 days, 1864. 
Ireland. Edward C. 23, ^I. ; bookbinder, Watertown ; later 

11th Battery. 
Jones, William 18, S. ; farmer, Watertown ; later 11th Bat- 
tery; 1910, Waltham. 
Joyce, Patrick 39, M. ; laborer, Waltham; later Co. H, 56th 

]\Iass. 
Kennedy, James 44, ]\I. ; stone-mason, Watertown ; later Co. 

H, 2d H. Arty. 
Lindley, Austin W. 18, S. ; clerk, Watertown, 
28 



434 Fifth Regiment, M. V. M., Nine Months. 




A. S. Haynes (I). 



Otis Brothers (K). 



Chas. Adams (K). 



Lyman, Joseph D. 20, S. ; laborer, AVatertown ; 1910, East 
Livermore, Me. 

MeBride, Michael 37, M. ; laborer, Waltham; dis. Jan. 30, 
'63, Newbern, disa. 

fiMcCabe, James F. 21, S. : machinist, Waltham ; vide Co. D, 
100 days. 1864. 

McNamara, Joseph D. 19, S. ; laborer, Newton; des. Oct. 22, 
'62, Wenham. 

Mullalley, John 22, M. ; confectioner, Waltham. 

Nelson, Samnel 41, S. ; mason, Waltham. 

Nichols, George C. 22, S. ; farmer, Waltham. 

tOber, Oliver M. 18, S.; laborer, Watertown; vide Co. B, 100 
days. 1864. 

Ober, Peter A. 21, S. ; laborer, Watertown. 

Otis, Ward M. 19, S. ; clerk, Watertown; b. Leominster, Apr. 
6, 1843; descended from John Otis, Hingham, 163."); since 
1866 with Bro. H. W. in "Otis Brothers" firm; member 
Sons of Kevolution, Masons, Phillips Congregational 
Church; President No. Falraonth Water Suppl}^ Asso. ; 
Clerk Watertown Savings Bank more than twenty-five 
vears; member and past officer G. A. R. Post; Selectman, 
i875-'76. 

Parsoixs, William H. 42, M. ; shoemaker, Waltham, 



Company K. 435 

Penderghast, Thomas 18, S. ; laborer, Watertown. 

fPond, John A. 18, S. ; laborer, Watertown; vide Co. B, 100 
days, '64; later Co. E, 1st Batt. Cavalry. 

Priest, Charles H. 20, S. ; mechanic, Watertown. 

Priest, Francis H. 23, S. ; painter, Waltham; d. Dee. 22, 
'62, Newbern, from exhaustion from long march, the 
Goldsboro Expedition. 

Rand, Nahum 45, M. ; carpenter, Waltham; later Co. G, 2d 
H. Arty. ; d. Aug. 13, '64, Andersonville. 

Rhoades, George L. 21, S. ; clerk, Watertown ; des. Oct. 22, 
'62, Wenham. 

Richardson, Edward F. 23, S. ; laborer, Watertown ; later Co, 
D, 4th Cavalry; d. April 9, 1906, S. H., Chelsea. 

Russell, Jeremiah Jr., 18, S. ; farmer, Watertown ; dis. Jan. 
14, '63, Newbern, disa. ; 1910, Watertown. 

Sanger, Charles E. 18, S. ; carpenter, Watertown. 

Shute, James G. 38, M. ; naturalist, Woburn; though a car- 
penter by trade, always preferred nature studies ; d. Feb. 
17, 1908, Jamaica Plain. 

Sibley, Mark N. 21, S. ; laborer, Watertown ; d. Oct. 2, 1907, 
Boston. 

Smith, Thomas G. 18, S.; butcher. Waltham; later 14th 
Battery. 

Staekpole, Edwin A. 21, S. ; blacksmith, Watertown. 

Stanley, John S. 27, S. ; butcher, Watertown; 1910, Wil- 
mington, Vt. 

Stanton, Jacob C. Jr., 28, S. ; clerk, Winchester. 

Sullivan, Dennis 18, S. ; laborer, Waltham. 

Toole, Patrick 19, S. ; farmer, Watertown. 

Tyghe, Joseph 18, S. ; laborer, Watertown ; 1910, Watertown. 

Wilson, Daniel H. 18, S. ; teamster, Watertown. 

Wilson, James 27, S. ; student, Watertown ; d. 1902, Topsfield. 



436 Fifth Regiment. ]\I.V.M., One Hundred Days. 




Field. AND Staff. 437 

REGIMENTAL ROSTER. 
One Hundred Days' Service. 

FffiLD AND Staff, 

(Unless otherwise stated, all were M. I. July 28, 1864; M. O. Nov. 
16, 1864.) 
fServed in 3 months' term. *Served in 1) months' term. 

COLONEL. 

t*George H. Peirson, 48, M. ; blacksmith, Salem; vide F. & 
S., 3 mos., also 9 mos. ; b. June 16, 1816, Salem ; 1834, 
joined Salem Light Infantry; duly promoted in order 
to the command of the 5th Regt., being its third Com- 
mander; Brigadier General, '66-76, then retired from the 
militia after 42 years' continuous service; 1867, first 
Commander Phil. Sheridan Post, G. A. R. (Salem) ; 
1868, Sen. Vice Commander Grand Army, Dept. Mass.; 
Commander Ancient and Honorable Artillery (Boston), 
1870-71; 1867-68, Mass. Legislature; appointed Postmas- 
ter of Salem, 1869, holding the position till his death, 
March 2, 1881. 

lieutenant -COLONEL. 

*Wm. E. C. Worcester, 38, M.; clerk, Marlboro; vide F. & S., 
9 mos. ; b. Feb. 24, 1826, Damariscotta, Me. ; schooldays 
spent in Charlestown ; 1849, removed to Feltonville, now 
Hudson ; except for the war and some time spent in Marl- 
boro, this was his residence until his death ; he was a 
painter by trade, but at enlistment was supt. of a shoe 
factory in Marlboro; a member of Reno Post, G. A. R., 
and prominent in Masonic circles; appointed Postmaster 
in 1884, he held the oface till his death, Nov. 4, 1895. 



438 Fifth Regimext, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

MAJOR. 

*Wm. T. Grammer, 42, M. ; shoe-manufacturer, Woburn ; vide 
Co. G, 9 mos. ; b. 1822, Boston ; school j'ears spent in 
Woburn; 3840, joined Woburn Mechanics' Phalanx; reg- 
ularly promoted and remained in the militia almost con- 
stantly until his final M. 0. Jan. 4, 1868, retiring from 
the Colonelcy of the Fifth, having succeeded General 
Peirson as the fourth Commander of the regiment; high- 
ly esteemed by his felloAv citizens, he was sent four terms 
to the Legislature, and for six years was a member of the 
Board of Land and Harbor Commissioners; d. Dec. 18, 
1908, Woburn. 

ADJUTANT. 

t*Ed^Aan F. Wyer, 31, S. ; clerk, Woburn ; D. of C, Aug. 24, 
64; vide Co. I, 3 mos., also Co. E, 9 mos.; b. 1832, Cam- 
bridge; schooldays spent in Woburn; in x\labama two 
years before the war; from 1855 to 1872 a member of 
the militia, retiring as Captain: twice Commander Post 
33, G. A. R.., thrice. Post 161; 1891-92, State Senator; 
18 years Pres. Republican City Com. ; until appointed 
Postmaster of Woburn was a dealer in harness and 
saddlery goods; has been Treas., Sec. and Pres. of the 
Regimental Veteran Association; 1910. Postmaster, 
Woburn. 

QUARTERMASTER . 

*Charles Currier, 37, M. ; trader, IMedford; vide Co. F, 9 
mos. ; d. March 12, 1902, :\redford. 



SURGEON. 

Joshua B. Treadwell, 23, — ; physician, Boston; Harvard 
Medical School, 1862; d. May 5, 1885; in a medical 
capacity had served, F. & S., in the 45th Mass. ; later saw 
service in a similar manner with the 62d and the 54 Mass. 



Company A. 439 



ASSISTANT SURGEON. 

George H. Jones, 22, — ; physician, Boston; Harvard Medi- 
cal School, 1864; 1910, No. 4 Bulfinch St., Boston. 



SERGEANT-MAJOR. 

William H. Hurd, 24, M. ; clerk, Stoneham ; had served as 
Corp. in Co. C, 50th Mass. ; d. Minneapolis, Minn. 

QUABTMIMASTER-SERGEANT. 

Daniel W. Lawrence, 33, M.; , Medford; a brother of 

General S. C. Lawrence, Colonel in the three months' 
service, he had been the Colonel's messenger to notify the 
difiPerent companies of the call of the (Tovernment, so he 
rode, on the night of the 18th, as did Panl Revere, just 
86 years before, on a similar errand and over much the 
same route; 1910, Medford. 



COMMISSARY-SERGEANT. 

*Thomas F. Ferguson, 30, M. ; wheelwright, Woburn ; vide Co. 
G, 9 mos.; was in turn constable, policeman and deputy 
sheriff; for more than 25 years was U. S. Stockkeeper 
and Gauger; 1910, Somerville. 

HOSPITAL-STEWARD. 

M. Augustus Fuller, 26, — ; , Boston. 

Company A. 

(Unless otherwise stated,, all enlisted July 13, M. I. July 23, M. 
O. Nov. 16, 1864.) 

tServed in 3 months' term. 

CAPTAIN. 

George H. Homer, 22, M. ; merchant, Boston ; D. of C, July 
15, '64; M. O. with regiment; b. So. Boston, March 19, 
1842, of long American ancestrv; dealer in real estate; 
1910, Roslindale. 



440 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 



FIRST LIEUTENANT. 



Charles I. Craibe, Jr., 27, S. ; mereliant, Boston ; D. of C, 
July 15; M. 0. with regiment; had served asSergt., Co. 
A, 4.3d Mass.; M. 0. with regiment; lat. add. Station A, 
Boston; d. S. H., Togus, Me. 



SECOND LIEUTENANT. 



Edward P. Jackson, 24, S. ; student, Boston ; D. of C, July 
23, '64; had served as Corp., Co. D, 45th Mass.; M. 0. 
with regiment: d. Oct. 12, 1905. 



SERGEANTS. 

William Lutted (1st), 23, — : gas-fitter, Boston. 

John C. Singer, 24, — : wood-turner, Boston; had served as 

Corp., Co. A, 1st Mass. 
AugiTst Roy, 23, — : painter, Boston: d. 1909, Princeton. 
John E. Walsh. 22, — : stone-cutter, Boston; had served in 

Co. A, 43d Mass. 
Da^-id A. Xason. 20. S. : teamster, Boston ; had served in Co. 

E, 13th Mass. 

CORPORALS. 

George H. Troup, 30, S. ; salesman, Boston : had served in 

Co. B, 43d Mass. 
George X. Cragin, 21. — : clerk, Boston; had served in Co. A, 

44th I\Ia.ss\ 
Lemuel B. S. Dwellev, 20. S. ; teamster, Boston; had served 

in Co. C, 42d I^Iass. ; d. July 24, 1901, S. H^ Chelsea. 
Frederick Crowell, 32, ]\I. ; brass-finisher, Boston. 
Charles Spear. 35, INI. : ship-joiner, Boston. 
Alexander Peterson. 22, S. ; machinist, Boston. 
Joseph W. Phinney, 19, S. ; painter. Sandwich. 
Charles E. Jackson. 20, S. ; painter, Boston. 



MUSICIANS. 

Lyman R. Whitcomb. 24, — ; painter, Boston. 
Charles I\r. .Melville, 18, — ; clerk, Boston. 



Company A. 



441 




John Baumeister (A;. 



E. A. Clapp (F). 
J. R. Johnston (I). 



C. T. Robinson (B). 



PRIVATES. 



Atkinson, Frank E. 18, S. ; clerk, Boston; had served as Mus. 
Co. A, 43d Mass.; later Co. C, 62d Mass.; d. Nov. 10, 
1896, Chelsea. 

Barnard, Bertram W. 18, — ; machinist, Boston; 1910, 
Grand Rapids, Michigan. 

Bartlett, Charles W. 19, S. ; farmer, Boston ; b. Aug. 12, 1845, 
Boston; Dartmouth College, 1869; Albany Law School, 
1871; Democratic candidate for Governor, 1905; 1910, 
lawyer, Boston. 

Baumeister, John 18, S, ; cabinet-maker, Boston; finished time 
as apprentice; 1865 joined Dorchester Fire Dept., con- 
tinuing in the same after annexation to Boston; Aug. 30 
prom. Lieut., and Nov. 26, 1909, at his own recjuest was 
retired and his name M^as place on pension roll, Boston 
Fire Dept.; 1910, Boston. 

Burns, William 21, — ; shoemaker, Boston. 



442 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

Calif, William S. 24. — ; gas-fitter, Boston. 

Callahan. James F. 18, — : barber, Boston. 

Chipman, Sands K. 18, S. ; farmer, Sandwich. 

Churchill, Ezra R. 18, S. ; farmer, Bridgewater. 

Gierke. Charles S. 18, S. ; glass-maker. Sandwich ; later 92d 

X. Y. Infty.; b. Falmouth Jan. 10, 1846; Commander 

Post 2, G. A. R., 1895 ; Jos. Warren Lodge, Masons ; Rep. 

Legislature, 1898; wholesale cigar and tobacco, 1910, 

Boston. 
Colton, Daniel J. 20, S. ; clerk, Boston ; later 5th Batteiy. 
Conway, Timothy 20, S. ; farmer, Roxbury. 
Cracldin, Jolm F. 31, S. : plasterer, Roxbury. 
Crook, Charles 19, S. ; machinist, Roxburs\ 
Cutter, James R. 23. — : painter. AYinchendon; had served 

Co. E, 33d :\Ia.ss. 
t Dean, John 23, S.; instrument-maker, Cambridge; vide Co. 

C, 3 mos., 1861 ; also U. S. Navy. 
Deegan. Philip 18, — : machinist. Boston. 
Doherty, Peter 18, S. : currier, Roxbury. 
Ernest, Anet 21, S. ; shoemaker, Boston ; dis. Sept. 19, '64, 

to re-en. Co. B. 39th :\rass. 
Fernald, Horace 20, S. : painter. Roxbury. 
Fitzgerald, John 19. S. ; telega^aph-operator. Boston. 
Flynn, John J. 19, S. ; farmer, Roxbuiy. 
French, Ben.jamin F. 18, S. ; teamster, Boston. 
Frizzell, James 18, S. : plumber, Boston; dis. Sept. 19, 

'64, to re-en. Co. B, 39th Ma.ss. 
Gately, John 19. S. ; machinist. Roxbury. 
Good^^^n, Ben.iamin 23, S. : pattern-maker. Boston. 
Goodwin, Charles A. 20, S. ; farmer, Boston. 
Grant, John 19, S. : printer, Boston. 
Griffin, Frank 18, S. : farmer, ]\Iethuen. 
Gurrv, John 24, S. : lather, Roxbury ; had served Co. E, 

24th :\Iass. 
Harold. Bernard E. 18, S. ; farmer, Lowell. 
Howe, Frederick 18, S. ; teamster, Roxbury. 
Howes, Alvin C. 18. S. : teamster, Sandwich. 
fKeene, Lewis H. 29, :\r. : clerk, Boston: vide Co. E, 3 

mos., 1861. 
Killduff, William J. 20, S. : i)lumber. Roxbury; later Co. L 

61st .Mass. 
Lamb, Pxlward C. 19. S. ; hatter. Boston. 



Company A. 443 

Lang, Alfred T. 23, S. ; engineer, Boston. 

Ledwith, Bernard 18, S. ; blacksmith, Roxbury; later Co. B, 

62d Mass. 
Leonard, Wendell 22, S. ; mariner, Boston ; left sick at Read- 

ville; N. F. R. 
Lincoln, George W. 21, — ; macliinist, Athol; had served 

Co. E, 53d Mass. 
Love. Walter W. 18, S. ; carpenter. Phoenix, R. I. 
Macon, Michael 18, S. ; cotton-spinner, Boston. 
Mason, William 19, S. ; varnisher, Boston. 
McGilpin, John 18, S. ; farmer, Providence, R. I. 
Mclntyre, 18, S. ; clerk, Boston. 
McKeon, Frank 20, S. ; machinist, Boston. 
McNamara, Frank 19, S. ; spinner, Lowell. 
Mundy, Thomas B. 24, — ; photographer, Boston. 
Norton, John 18, S. ; boiler-maker, Lowell ; d. before 1893. 
Otis, James 19, S. ; farmer, New York. 
Phinney, Prince A. 19, S. ; farmer, Sandwich ; dis. Sept. 19, 

'64, to re-en. Co. D, 25th Mass. 
Pike, William F. 18. S. ; salesman, Boston ; later Co. H, 61st 

Mass.; d. Aug. 28, 1902, S. H., Chelsea. 
Plympton, William P. 23, — ; weaver, Southbridge ; dis. Sept. 

19, '64. to re-en. Co. B, 39th Mass. ; had served Co. A, 

45th Mass. ; 1910, insurance, Southbridge. 
Robinson, Edwin 18, S. ; book-binder, Boston ; 1910, Boston. 
Roe, AValter W. 18, S. ; student, Brooklyn, N. Y. ; real name 

Wm. Tryon; vide L. W. D., Jan. 10, 1906; 1910, Lima, 

Peru . 
Schromm, John 22, — ; teamster, Roxbury. 
Sheehan, Cornelius H. 20, S. ; plumber, Boston. 
Stevens, Charles E. 18, S. ; clerk, Boston ; dis. Sept. 19, '64, 

to re-en. Co. B, 39th Mass. 
Stevens, George 24, — ; painter, Lowell. 
Sullivan, Daniel S. 19, S. ; sawyer, Boston. 
Sullivan, Patrick 18, S. ; apprentice, Boston. 
Swallow, Thomas J. 18, S. ; student, Boston ; 1910, S. H., 

Chelsea. 
Tenney, George L. 22, — ; laborer, Orange; later Co. C, 1st 

Batt. Cavalry^ 
Thompson, James E. 18, S. ; printer. New York; later Co. M, 

2d Cavalry. 
Tibbetts, George W. 18, S. ; farmer, Kensington, N. H. 



444 Fifth Regimen^, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

Tucker, George A, 24, — ; teamster, Roxbury. 

Turner, William J. 18, S. : wlieehvrioht. ^ Boston ; 1910, 

Spring-field. 
Tyree, John C. 18, S. ; farmer, Boston; dis. Sept. 19, '64, to 

re-en. Co. B, 39tli Mass. 
"Williams, Henry 20, S. ; porter, Salem ; dis. Sept. 19, '64, to 

re-en. Co. B, 39th INIass. 
Wright. Joseph R. 20, S. ; clerk. Livermore, ]Me. 

Company B. 

(Unless otherwise stated, all enlisted July 15, M. I. July 25, M. O. 
Nov. 16, 1864.) 

*Served in 9 mouths' term. 

CAPTAIN. 

John N. Coffin, 38, M. ; expressman, Somerville ; D. of C, July 
21, '64 ; absent sick, Fort IMarshall, at M. 0. ; had served 
8th Battery, 6 mos., 1862; d. 1902, WatertOAvn. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

^Charles T. Robinson, 28. i\r. : locksmith, Somerville ; D. of C, 
July 21, '64 ; vide Co. B, 9 mos., 1862-3 : 1910, Reading. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT. 

'■^Granville W. Daniels, 21, S. : clerk, Somerville ; D. of C, 
July 21, '64 ; ^dde Co. B, 9 mos. 1862-3. 

SERGEANTS. 

*George W. Burroughs (1st). 19, S. : clerk. Somerville; vide 

Co. B, 9 mos., 1862-3. 
*William E. Dickson, 21, — ; milkman, Somerville; vide Co. 

B, 9 mos. 1862-3. 
Charles E. Hobbs, 24. — ; druggist, Somerville. 
Philip 0. Woodbury, 24, — ; broker, Somerville; 1910, Boston. 
Wallace M. Wotton, 22, — ; engineer, Boston. 



Company B. 



445 




p. O. Woodbury. 

F. W. Johnson. 



t'o. B. 
Geo. W. Burroug 



F. G. Williams. 
Chas. E. Hobbs. 



CORPORALS. 

Edward H. Aiken, 18, S. ; clerk, Sonierville; lat. add. Cam- 
bridge. 

Jabez P. Dill, 23, ■ — ; clerk, Somerville. 

George H. Hale, 19, S. ; baker, Somerville. 

Frederick W. Johnson, 28, — ; farmer, Somerville; d. July 
9, 1894, Somerville. 

John N. McjMaster, 27, — ; clerk, Watertown. 

*01iver M. Ober, 19, S. ; laborer, Watertown ; vide Co. K, 9 
mos., 1862-3; 1910; Elgin, HI. 

Amos Pettingill, 18, S. ; engineer, Cambridge. 

Frank G. Williams, 28, — ; hardware, Somerville; 1910.. 
Somerville. 



446 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

musicians. 

Edward S. Hopkins, 19, S. ; glass-worker, Cambridge. 
Frank "Walbnrg, 19, S. ; glass-engineer, Somerville ; d. June 
19. 1910, Somerville. 

privates. 

Allen, Samuel J. 22, — ; clerk, Boston; lat. add. Cambridge. 

Bailey, Alvin R. 18, S. ; bookkeeper, Somerville ; b. Charles- 
town; lived Somerville; Pres. Sth Regt. Association, 
1907-8; Treas. since 1904; Adjt. and Commander Post 
11, G. A. R. ; has held staff positions both State and 
national ; member of Sons of American Revolution and 
many clubs; Secretary of Franklin Mining Co. and other 
organizations. 

Bartlett, Henry A. 19, S. ; farmer. East Windsor, Conn. 

Blanchard, Augustus B. 22, — ; machinist, Charlestown. 

Bradley. James R. 24, — ; shoemaker, Stoueham. 

Brennan. James E. 19, S. ; laborer, Watertown; d. Oct. 16, 
1900, Cambridge. 

Buclnuan, William T. 18, S. ; teamster, Somerville; later Co. 
I\r, 3d Cavalry. 

Calef, Horatio S. 21, S. ; machinist, Cambridge; had served 
Co. H, 50th Mass. 

Carter, Henry F. 18, S. ; clerk, Somer^dlle. 

Cochrane. Edmund W. 18, S. ; machinist, Northfield, Vt. 

Crown, William S. 18, S. ; clerk, Charlestown. 

Curran, 21, S. ; machinist, Providence, R. I. 

Davenport, Charles H. 24, — ; cabinet-maker, Cambridge. 

Davis, James, 19, S. ; turner, Charlestown. 

Dennis, John, 20. S. ; Cambridge; 1910, Allston. 

Draper, George L. 21, — ; clerk, Boston. 

*Dunn, James, 19, — ; laborer, Watertown; vide Co. K, 9 
mos., 1862-.3; later Co. E, 1st Batt. Cavalry; d. Marlboro. 

Ellis, James W. 18, S. ; clerk. Cambridge. 

Flanders, Charles E. 20, S. : glass-worker. Cambridge; 1910, 
Boston. 

Freeman, Charles H. 18, S. ; machinist, Norton. 

Freeman, S. Frank, 18, S. ; clerk, Norton. 



Company B. 447 

Furfey, Patrick, 25, M. ; cabinet-maker, Cambridge ; had 
served in Co. A, 11th Mass., also in the Nav:y'; having de- 
serted from the 11th, his service in the 5th was not rec- 
ognized as legal; later in 6th Battery. 

Goodrich. Herbert D. 18, S. ; farmer, Fitchburg. 

Goodwin, Walter H. 18, S. ; upholsterer, Cambridge. 

Hall, Samuel S. 25, — ; clerk, A¥orcester. 

Hart, Edward, 27, S. ; shoemaker, Stoneham. 

Hatch, John W. 20, S. ; laborer, Somerville. 

Heath, Timothy H. 20, S. ; machinist, Nortlifield. Vt. 

Hodson, Henry 18, — ; marble-cutter, Somerville. 

Holman, Alvin 18, S. ; farmer, Fitchburg. 

Hopkins, Lewis P. 18, S. ; britannia-worker, Cambridge ; 1910, 
Worcester. 

Hurd, Luther 22, — ; clerk, Boston. 

Ireland. James L. 18, S. ; shoemaker, Watertown; 1910, Win- 
chester. 

James, Frank A. 18, S. ; milkman, Somerville ; dis. Sept. 19, 
'64, to re-en. Co. D, 25th Mass. 

Knapp, Samuel 18, S. ; clerk, Cambridge ; d. Jan. 1907, 
Somerville. 

Lewis, George F. 18, S. ; seaman, Boston. 

Lovering, Henry 33, — ; milkman. Somerville. 

McCart, James 19, S. ; teamster, Boston ; en. and M. I. July 
27, '64. 

McCormick, James H. 19, S. ; blacksmith, Cambridge. 

McCurdy, James 19, S. ; glass-blower, Cambridge. 

McDermot, Frank 30, — ; laborer, Somerville. 

Miller, William A. 21, — ; teamster, Chelmsford. 

Morgan, Charles C. 21, S. ; machinist, Somerville. 

Neiss, George B. 18, S. ; teamster, Somerville ; dis. Sept. 19, 
'64, to re-en. Co. D, 25th Mass. ; d. Somerville. 

O'Leary, Arthur W. 19, S. ; designer, Needham; d. 
Somerville. 

Packard, John A. 18, S. ; surveyor. Charlestown. 

Page, Caleb A. 19, S. ; clerk, Somerville; 1910, Somerville. 

Palmer, George E. 19, S. ; machinist, Worcester. 

Peacock, Edward 20, S. ; photographer, Somer\dlle. 

*Pond, John A. 18, S. ; tinsmith, Watertown ; vide Co. K , 
9 mos., 1862-3 ; later Co. E, 1st Batt. Cavalry. 

Powers, Joseph E. 18, S. ; farmer, Weston, 



448 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

Pratt. Tlioiucis 8. 22. — : i)ainter, Somerville; d. Jan. 28, 1907, 

Rockville, Conn. 
Prescott. Warren R. 18, S. ; farmer, Charlestowu; clis. Sept. 

19, '64, to re-en. Co. D, 25th Mass. ; 1910, Maiden. 
Preston. Luther H. 21, — : mason, Somerville; 1910, Maiden. 
Putnev, Alvardo 18. S. ; carver, Cambridge. 
Randall. John Wm.. 18, S. ; clerk. Portland. Me.- later Co. 

D, 29th Me. 
Ricker, George F. 22, — ; clerk, Somer\dlle. 
Richmond. James 18, — ; g'lass-inspector, Cambridge. 
Robinson. J. Warner 19, — ; clerk, Somerville; 1910, 

Roxbnrv. 
Rood, Charles H. 22. — ; clerk, Northfield, Vt. 
Russell, William 0. 18, S. ; glass-cutter, Somerville. 
Sanborn, Tudor 19, S. ; clerk, Medford. 
Stevens, Samuel H. 22, — ; shoemaker, Somerville : later 8th 

Battery; d. June 26, 1906, Somerville. 
Stone, Frank S. 19, S. ; machinist, Worcester. 
Taft, Albert M. 18, S.; machinist, Worcester. 
Tufts, Albert 20, S. ; upholsterer, Cambridge. 
Tyler, Charles II. 21, — ; cigar-maker, Somerville; had 

served in Co. E, 13th Mass. ; later V. R. C. 
Vibbert. Albert II. 18, S. ; machinist, Worcester; 1910, 

Taunton. 
Wellington, Edwin R. 28, — ; bootmaker, Milford; later 19th 

Unattached Co., one year. 
Wellington. Samuel L. 20, S. ; bootmaker, Northfield, Vt. ; 

later 19th T'nattached Co., one year. 
White, Frederick A. 19, S. ; teamster, Somerville. 
Winnard, Edwin 20, S. ; machinist, Cambridge; d. Oct. 6, 

1908, Somerville. 

Company C. 

(Unless otherwise stated, all enlisted Jnh- 16, M. I. July 2, M. O. 
Nov. 16, 1864.) 

^Served in 9 moiitlis' term. 



CAPTAIN. 

''George F. Barnes. 29, — ; agent. So. Danvers; D. of C. July 
21, "64; vide Co. C, 9 mos., 1862-3; d. 1896, Peabody. 



Company C. 449 

first lieutenant. 

^William L. Thompson, 29, — ; law-student, Lawrence; vide 
Co. C, 9 mos., 1862-3; d. Oct. 23, 1906, Lawrence. 



SECOND LIEUTENANT. 

*Benjamin F. Southwick, 29, — ; morocco-dresser. So. Dan- 
vers; D. of C, July 21, '64; vide Co. C, 9 mos., 1862-3; 
d. Oct. 11, 1906, Peabody. 



SERGEANTS. 

*Lewis A. Manning (1st), 25, S. ; butcher, So. Danvers; vide 

Co. C, 9 mos., 1862-3 ; 1910, Salem. 
*CTeorge H. Little, 23, S. ; engraver. So. Danvers ; vide Co. 

C, 9 mos., 1862-3. 
*Joseph N. Burbeek, 30, S. ; tallow-chandler, So. Danvers; 

vide Co. C, 9 mos., 1862-3; 1910, Peabody. 
*William H. Hildreth, 19, S. ; currier. So. Danvers ; vide Co. 

C, 9 mos., 1862-3. 
Henry H. Waugh, 25, M. ; boot-maker, Stoughton ; had 

served Co. 1, 12th Mass. 



CORPORALS. 

Frank D. Tripp, 24, S. ; machinist, Taunton ; had served Co. 
G, 4th Mass., 9 mos. ; d. Dec. 6, 1904, Oak Bluffs. 

* James L. Waterman, 20, S. ; currier. So. Danvers ; vide Co. 

C, 9 mos., 1862-3. 
Edward B. Durfee, 23, S. ; clerk, Fall River ; had served Co. 

C, 4th Mass. ; 9 mos. 
Frank P. Reed, 19, S. ; currier. So. Danvers; had served 

Salem Cadets. 
Thomas L. Putnam, 21, — ; clerk, So. Danvers; had served 

Salem Cadets. 
*Benjamin N. Moore, 22, S. ; clerk, So. Danvers ; vide Co. C, 

9 mos., 1862-3 ; 1910, Peabody. 

* James H. Swett, 18, S. ; farmer, So. Danvers ; vide Co, C, 

9 mos., 1862-3; d. Jan. 20, 1910, Peabody. 
Isaac D. Paull, 21, — ; tinsmith, Taunton. 
29 



450 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

MUSICIANS. 

Charles L. IMason, 21, S. : harness-maker, Rutland, Vt. ; en. 

and M. I. July 25, '64; 1910, Rutland, Yt. 
Arthur G. Leonard. 18, S. ; clerk. Taunton ; d. Aug. 23, 1905, 

Dekalb, 111. 

PRIVATES. 

Abbott, Alson B. 19, S. ; student, Andover. 

*Beckett, AVilliam C. 19, S. ; currier, So. Danvers; vide Co. 

C, 9 mos., 1862-3 ; 1910, Peabody. 

Bodge, William H. 18, S. ; currier. So. Danvers; 1910, 

Peabody. 
Bosworth, Franklin 19, S. ; student. Taunton : 1910, Taunton. 
BroT\Ti, Andrew K. 18. S. : shoemaker, So. Danvers; lat. add. 

Danvers. 
Buxton, Simon P. 18, S. ; farmer. So. Danvers; 1910, 

Peabody. 
*Ca.rr, Cha-rles E. 20, S. ; morocco-dresser. So. Danvers. 
Durant, Leander S. 18, S. ; mechanic, Xo. Bridgewater. 
Eldridge. Lewis Y. 21, S. ; farmer, So. Danvers ; d. Yarmouth. 
Estes, Robert G. 19, S. ; farmer, So. Danvers ; 1910, Peabody. 
Farnham, George A. 22, S. ; teamster. So Danvers ; later Co. 

D, 4th Cavalry. 

Finlev, Jolin W. 19, S. ; farmer, So. Danvers. 

Gage,' George L. 19, S. ; farmer jMethuen ; d. Nov. 26, 1899, 

Lawrence. 
*Galencia. Samson B. 21, S. ; stone-cutter. So. Danvers ; vide 

Co. C, 9 mos., 1862-3: 1910, Peabody. 
Glynn, Charles F. 21, S. ; tinsmith, Berkley; had served 18th 

Unattached Co., one year. 
Graham, George S. 23, — ■: cooper, Townsend: had served 

Co. D, 53d :Mass. 
Hall, William IT. 20, S. ; clerk, Salem; had served Co. A, 

50tli Mass. : d. before 1887. 
Hamilton, Charles L. 18, S. ; mechanic, Bridgewater; 1910, 

Brockton. 
Harrington, George E. 18, S. ; butcher, Taunton. 
Haven, Lewis E. 20, S. ; case-joiner, Waltham; en. and M. I. 

July 25, '64. 
Hildreth, Stephen G. 18. S. : shoemaker, IManchester. 



Company C. 451 

Hill, John Q. 18, S. : farmer, Methuen; 1910. Methuen 

Holland, Henry Jr. 20, S. ; machinist, Taunton. 

*Howes, Micajah C. 21, S. ; clerk, Watertown ■ vide Co K 

9 mos., 1862-3. ' ' 

Jacobs, Andrew N. 21, S. ; currier. So. Danvers; 1910 

Peabody. ' ' 

*Johuson, Frank E. 19, S. ; morocco-dres.ser, Salem; vide Co 

C, 9 mos., 1862-3; 1910, Salem. 
Leonard, Manlius B. 19, S. ; engraver, Taunton; 1910, 

Taunton. 
Lonsdale, James 22, S. ; polisher. Fall River. 
]\Iarsh, George A. 18, S. ; farmer. So. Danvers. 
IMeek, Henry M. 20, S. ; machinist, Salem; later Co. E 1st 

Batt. Cavalry; d. 1910, Salem. 
Merrill, Hayden A. 21, S. ; currier. So. Hampton, N. H. 
Metzger, William 18, S. ; shoemaker, So. Danvers ; later 4th 

Cavalry. 
Morse, Charles S. 18, S. ; farmer, Rehoboth. 
Motley, Patrick 18, S. ; farmer. So. Danvers. 
Munroe, Benjamin F. 21, S. : machinist, Taunton : 1910, 

Taunton. 
Nichols, Enoch 23, S. ; jeweler, Winchendon. 
Nourse, Samuel W. 23, M. ; clerk. Danvers ; 1910, Peabody. 
Osgood, George H. 18, S. ; clerk, Sanbornton, N. H. 
*Paine, William H. 19, S. ; nailer, Taunton ; en. and M. L 

July 25, '64; vide Co. C, 9 mos., 1862-3; also had served 

18th LTnattaehed Co., one year. 
Parkinson. Jacob 21, S. ; tin- worker, New Bedford; also 

served in the Na\^' ; d. Aug. 16, 1900. 
*Pearson, Amos 44, M. ; farmer. Danvers ; vide Co. K, 9 mos., 

1862-3. 
Perry, William A. 18, S.; clerk, Salem; 1910, Salem. 
Place, Charles W. 28, M. ; shoemaker, Stoughton ; d. Brockton. 
Poor, Frank W. 19, S. ; currier. So. Danvers. 
Proctor. Edward W. 21, S. ; morocco-dresser. So. Danvers; 

also served in Salem Cadets; d. 1896, Boston. 
Raddin, Albert 21, S. ; shoemaker. So. Danvers. 
Rochester, Dixon M. 21, S. ; needle-maker. No. BridgeM^ater ; 

had served Co. D, 30th Mass. 
Rounds, Herbert F. 20, S. ; shoemaker, Rehoboth. 
Rounds, Ira F. 19, S.; farmer, Rehoboth. 
Rowell. Gideon 33, M. ; currier, Danvers; 1910, Danvers. 



452 Fifth Regiment, M.Y.M., One Hundred Days. 




John H. Russell (C). 
Jas. R. Johnston (I). 



J. F. Whitney (I). 
Alvin R. Bailey (B). 



Rudderham, Charles 22, S. ; currier, Quincy. 

Russell, John H. 18, S. ; farmer, Methuen. 

Safford, Asa 21, S. ; teamster, Taunton ; had served 18th Un- 
attached Co. one year. 

Shannon, John F. 18, S. ; farmer. So. Danvers; d. 1902, 
Peabody. 

Shove, Edward 18, S. ; nailer, Acushnet; d. Myricks. 

Smith, Richard E. 19, S. ; farmer, So. Danvers; 1910, 
Peabody. 



Company D. 453 

Stackpole, William A. 18, S. ; weaver, Lowell; d. 1894, 

Ipswich. 
Stanley, Gnstavus 18, S. ; shoemaker. Manehestei'. 
Stiles, Augustus 22, S. ; farmer. So. Danvers. 
Stiles, Charles 22, S. ; farmer. So. Danvers. 
Studley, Timothy R. 23, S. ; carpenter. Taunton; d. 1894, 

Taunton. 
Sweet, Horace W. 23. S. ; clerk, Marblehead ; d. Aug. 20. 

1909, Marblehead. 
*S5Tnonds, Charles A. 18, S. ; farmer, Salem ; vide Co. C, 9 

mos., 1862-3; later Co. E. 1st Batt. Cavalry. 
*TeeI, George C. 19, S.; currier, So. Danvers; vide Co. C, 9 

mos., 1862-3; 1910, Salem. 
Thatcher, Thomas N. 23, S. ; tinsmith, Fairhaven ; 1910, Fair- 
haven. 
Tilton, Sherburn S. 20, S. ; farmer. Methuen ; also borne as 

"Sheridan" S. ; 1910, Needham. 
Trask, Samuel P. 19, S. ; clerk, Danvers. 
Tuckerman, Albert H. 20, S. ; manufacturer, Ashburnham. 
Turner, Erdex T. 20, S. : clerk, Danvers ; 1910, Natick. 
Wardwell, Henry 24, S. ; student, So. Danvers ; 1910, 

Peabody. 
Welch, William P. 29, S. : farmer, Salem. 
White, Edson H. 18, S. : nailer, Taunton; en. and M. I. 

July 25, '64. 
Whittemore, Henry 21, S. : student, Hopkinton. 
Wiley, Zachary T. 19, S. ; shoemalver, Lvnnfield ; later Co. 

M, 3d Cavalry; 1910, Lynn. 
Wordell, Uriah 25, S. ; tinsmith, Taunton. 
Wordell, Weston 21, S.; machinist, Taunton. 

Company D. 

(Unless otherwise stated, all enlisted July 13, M. I. July 18, M. O. 
Nov. 16, 1864.) 

tServed in 3 months' term. *Served in 9 montlis' term. 

CAPTAIN . 

t*George H. Marden, Jr. 25, M. ; painter, Charlestown; D. 
of C, June 1, '64; vide Co. C, 3 mos., 1861, also Co. D, 
9 mos., '62-3; d. :March 22, 1900, Charlestown. 



454 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 



FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

t*Charles P. AYhittle, 24, ]\I. : polisher, Charlestown ; D. of 
C, June 1, '64; vide Co. C. 3 mos., '61, also Co. D, 9 
mos., 1862-3: b. Charlestown, June 26, 1841; since the 
war, furniture mfr., Boston; Past Commander Post 11, 
G. A. R. : 1910. Boston. 



second lieutenant. 

t*George W. Kilham, 26, S. ; stone-cutter, CharlestOT\Ti ; vide 
Co. C, 3 mos., 1861, also 9 mos., 1862-3. 



sergeants. 

f*George Chell (1st); teamster, Charlestown; vide Co. C, 

3 mos., '61, also Co. D, 9 mos., 1862-3. 
*John E. Marden, 23, S. ; artist, Charlestown; vide Co. D, 

9 mos., 1862-3 ; 1910, Somer^'ille. 
*Edward G. Fox, 23, S. ; cabinet-maker, Charlestowu; vide 

Co. D, 9 mos., 1862-3. 
*Alexander E. Hewes. 23, S. : machinist, Cliarlesto-\vn ; vide 

Co. D, 9 mos., 1862-3. 
^Charles J. Carney, 19, S. ; photographer, Charlestown; app. 

from Corp., Oct. 21, '64 : vide^ Co. D, 9 mos., 1862-3. 

CORPORALS. 

^Albert C. Abbott. 24, S. ; fireman. Charlestown ; vide Co. D, 

9 mos., 1862-3. 
* John AA^ard, 26, sail-maker, Charlestown ; \'ide Co. D, 9 mos., 

1862-3 ; 1910, Charlestown. 
William A. Stodder, 26, S. ; machinist, Charlestown. 
*Philip E. Cassicly, 25, S. ; carpenter, Charlestown; vide Co. 

D, 9 mos., 1862-3. 
*John Durgin, 25, S. ; gilder, Charlestown ; vide Co. D, 9 

mos., 1862-3, as John J. 



Company D. 455 

f Elijah D. Gossom, 28, S. ; carpenter, Charlestown ; vide Co. 

C, 3 mos., '61, also Co. K, 16th Mass. ; and Co. A, 2d 

Cavalry. 
tEugene J. Miller. 23, S. ; teamster, Boston; ai)p. Oct. 21, 

'64; vide Co. C, mos.. 1861. 
Howard F. Rowe, 21, S. ; caulker, Charlestown ; app. 

Oct. 21, '64. 



MUSICIANS. 

James ^1. Jackson, 18, S. ; teamster, Charlestown ; d. Oct. 10, 

'64, Ft. ]\rcHenry, Baltimore. 
Daniel Coughlin, 16, S. ; musician, Charlestown. 

PRIVATES. 

Anderson, Daniel W. 20, S. ; laborer, Charlestown. 

Badger, Stillman 31, M. ; paper Jianger, Charlestown. 

Bent, George H. 19. S. ; clerk, Charlestown. 

Berry, Charles 19, S. ; blacksmith, Charlestown. 

Blake, Charles W. 27, S. ; farmer, Dorchester. 

Bnllard, Charles D. 18, S. ; teamster, Charlestown. 

Colburn, Charles F. 32, M. ; machinist, Charlestown. 

Cross, Eben !M. 18, S. ; laborer, Charlestown. 

Dooley, James A. 19, S. ; upholsterer, Cambridge; later in the 

Navy as James D. 
Drown, Albion H. 20, S. ; blacksmith, Charlestown; 1910, 

]\lalden. 
*Esler, George H. 29, S. ; ]iainter, Charlestown ; vide Co. D, 

9 mos., 1862-3. 
Foster, William B. 18, S. ; sawyer. Charlestown. 
Gabriel, Charles 20, S. ; laborer, Charlestown; 1910. 

Charlestown. 
Gage, ]Moses H. 21, S. ; teamster, Charlestown. 
Gahn, Joseph 20, S. ; machinist, Charlestown ; had served in 

Band, 20th Mass., as Adolph Cellarius. 
Gardner, George 19. S. ; barber, Boston. 
Gilbert, John H. 18, S. ; laborer, Charlestown. 
Grace, William L. 22, S. ; printer, Charlestown. 
Grant, George W. 18, S. ; baker, Charlestown. 
Green, Daniel L. 38, M. ; teamster, Charlestown. 



456 Fifth Regiivient, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

Hammond, George A. 18, S. ; printer. Chariest own. 

Harney, James ]\r. 23, S. : blacksmith, Charlestown. 

Harring-ton. John G. 21, S. ; clerk, Boston ; d. before 1890. 

Harrington, Thomas J. 21, S. ; laborer, Charlestown. 

Hatch, Seth 32, S. ; seaman, Charlestown; 1910. New 
Bedford. 

Hertel. Frederick W. 18, S. ; baker, Charlestown ; had served 
Co. K, 2d Cavalry. 

Hollis, Frederick A. 23, M. ; teamster, Charlestown. 

Hollis, William L. 25, S. ; clerk, Charlestown; had served 
Co. K, 1st Mass. 

Holmes, Edward A. 20, S. ; milkman, Charlestown. 

Huff, George H. 18, S. ; blacksmith, Charlestown. 

Hunter, :\Iichael C. 18, S. ; varnisher. New Brunswick, Xo\a 
Scotia; later Co. B, 62d Mass. 

Jones, Howard 20, S. : machinist, Charlestown. 

Keef e, James J. 22, S. ; Charlestown ; served also in the Nav;y^ 

Kennedy, Edward H. 22, S. ; machinist, Charlestown. 

Kimball, Lorenzo B. 19, S. ; teamster, Charlesto^^Ti. 

fLake, Alpheus A. 25, S. ; carpenter, Charlestown; vide Co. 
C, 3 mos., '61 ; served also 8th Batteiy, 6 mos. ; d. Feb. 
11, 1900. Charlestown. 

Lander, William D. 24, ^L; sail-maker, Charlestown: had 
served Co. K, 12th Mass. 

Lenahan, Michael W. 19, S. ; plumber, Charlestown. 

Libby, Charles W. 18, S. ; machinist, Cambridge; a near 
relative of the Libby & Son whose "Grocers and Ship- 
chandlers'" warehouse in Richmond was the famous 
rebel prison of war-times; 1910, Medford; for 46 years 
he has represented the Singer Sewing Machine Co. in 
the North, South and on the Pacific Coast. 

Mack, Edward A. 19, S. ; clerk, Boston. 

Macomber, Charles 20, S. ; seaman, Charlestown : also in the 
Navy as Cliarles H. 

IMadden,' Thomas F. 19, S. : laborer. Charlestown ; 1910, 
Wakefield. 

Mason, Daniel 20, S. : teamster, Charlestown ; later Co. L, 
3d Cavalry. 

McCabe, James F. 22, S. ; machinist, Boston. 

McDonald, Joseph H. 18, S. ; laborer, Charlestown. 

McEleney, Philip J. 19, S. ; teamster, Boston. 

Mclntire, James 18, S. ; laborer, Boston ; 1910, Dorchester. 



Company D. 



457 




Chas. W. Libby (D). 
Capt. G. H. Homer (A) 



J. W. Wheeler (E). 
John Q. Hill (C.) 



458 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

fMcIntire. John C. 23, S. ; eigar-maker. Boston; vide Co. C, 

3 mos., '61 ; also Co. E. 22d Mass. 
*]MeLeod, John 31, ^I. : rope-maker, Charlestown ; vide Co. 

D, 9 mos., 1862-3. 
Middleton. James W. 18, S. : clerk, Charlestown. 
Minot, Johan 27, S. ; gninsmith, Boston. 
*Poor. James W. 23, S. : chair-maker. Charlestown ; \'ide Co. 

D. 9 mos., 1862-3; d. 1903, Charlestown. 
Putnam, George 20, S. ; sail-maker, Chelsea ; later Co. H, 61st 

]\fa.ss., as George W. 
Putnev, Horace B. 20, S.; carver, Cambridge: had served 

Co. B, 47th :\rass. 
*Randail, John C. 18, S. ; engineer, Charlestown; vide Co. 

D, 9 mos., 1862-3. 
Richards. Charles H. 19, S. ; moulder, Chelsea. 
Robie. Henry L. 19, S. ; moulder, Charlestown. 
Robinson, Charles 19, S. ; carver, Charlestown. 
Sanderson, Fred 19, S. ; teamster, Charlestown. 
*Seavey, ^^Ibert 23, S. ; machinist, Charlestown ; vide Co. H, 

9 mos., 1862-3; also Paymaster's clerk, Navy. 
Simonds. William F. 18, S. ; currier, Charlestown. 
Smith, Charles H. 18, S. ; machinist, Charlestown; had 

served Co. E, 47th INIass. 
Smith. Edward F. 18, S. ; gold-beater, Charlestown. 
Stodder, Joseph F. 18, S. ; carpenter, Charlestown; had 

served Co. I, 48th Mass.; "he says his name is Stod- 
dard," 1910, Boston. 
Tibbets, David AY. 24, :\L ; baker. Charlestown. 
Tolman, Horace J. 19, S. ; gold-beater, Medford. 
Towne, Howard M. 19, S. ; carpenter, Charlestown. 
Turnbull. John H. 18, S. ; printer, Charlestown. 
"\Vemys.s, Charles C. 21, S. ; cabinet-maker, Charlestown. 
Whitney, ]Moses 25. S. ; jDainter, Charlestown. 
Woodbury, Henry W. 23, S. ; carver, Charlestown ; had 

served 8th Battery, 6 mos. ; 1906, Allston. 
Wright, Thomas H. 21, S. : blacksmith, Charlestown; 1910, 

Boston. 



Company E. 



459 



Company E. 

(Unless otherwise stated, all enlisted J\ily 15, M. I. July 22, M. O. 
Nov. 16, 186.4.) 

*Served in 9 months ' term. 

CAPTAIN. 

David L. Brown, 38, M. ; farmer, ]\Iarlboro ; D. of C, July 
13, '64; had served as Captain. 13th IMass. 




Lieut. Wm. B. Rice. 



FIRST LIEUTENANT. 



George L. Croshv, 31, M. ; painter, INIarlboro ; had served 
13th Mass. ; D. of C, July 13, '64. 



SECOND LIEUTENANT. 



William B. Rice, 24, M.; manufacturer, Marlboro; D. of C, 
July 13, 1864; d. May 21, 1907. 



460 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

SERGEANTS. 

Alfred D. Gleason (1st), 18, S. ; .student, Stow; 1910. Stow. 
T. Augustus Hills, 23, M. ; clerk, Leominster, had served Co. 

C, 53d Mass. ; 1910, Leominster. 
Sylvanus H. Parker, 26, M. ; shoemaker, ^Marlboro ; had 

served Co. I, 13th ]\Iass. 
Moses P. Rice, 25, S. ; shoemaker. Marlboro ; had served Co. 

I. 13th :\rass. ; d. 1894, Xorthboro. 
Ephraim Gates Jr., 27, M. ; shoemaker. Stow. 

CORPORALS. 

John Brown, 34, M. ; shoemaker, ]\Iarll)oro : had served Band, 

13th Mass.; 1910, Marlboro. 
Henry N. Spring, 23, S. : mason, Leominster ; 1910, 

Leominster. 
Frank McKendry, 25, S. ; carpenter, Dorchester. 
Francis G. Carter. 19, S. ; clerk, Leominster; had served Co. 

C, 13th Mass. 
George A. Damon, 21, S. : comb-maker, Leominster ; had 

served Co. A, 36th Mass. ; 1910, Leominster. 
*George 0. Priast, 21, S. ; shoemaker, ^Marlboro ; vide Co. I, 

9 mos., 1862-3. 
Charles F. Pierce, 18, S. ; student, Pawtucket, R. I.; 1910, 

Providence, R. I. 
John F. Whiting, 18, S.; clerk. Readville; 1910, No. Attle- 

boro. 

PRIVATES. 

Agin, Thomas 18, S. ; shoemaker, ]\Iarlboro ; d. 1902, 

jMarlboro. - 
Albee, Milton H. ; b. Marlboro; 26, S. ; painter. Marlboro; d. 

Aug. 29, 1910, S. H., Chelsea, se. 72-11-9. 
Alley, Edward R. 18, S. ; clerk, IMarlboro. 
Baird, James H. 20, S. ; clerk, Marlboro; 1910, Auburndale. 
Barnard, George G. 21, S. ; clerk, ]\Iarlboro. 
Barrow^s, Joe E. 20, M. ; blacksmith. Stow. 
Bennett, Asa A. 20, S. ; nail-maker, Leominster. 
Bennett, George L. 21, S. ; farmer, Leominster. 



Company E. 461 

Bing-ham, Charles G. 19, S. ; — , Manchester; en. July 

26; M. I. Aug. 8, '64. 
Blackingtou, George D. 22, S. ; burnisher, Attleboro. 
Brewer, Henry C. 21, S. ; farmer, Northboro. 
Brigham, Adington M. 27, M. : farmer, Marlboro. 
*BroM'n, Edward A. 24, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro; vide Co. 

T, 9 mos., 1862-3; 1910, Gofiftown, N. H. 
Brown, George F. 33, M. ; carpenter, Marlboro. 
Bullard, William H. 24, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro. 
Butterworth, Alfred D. 27, S. : farmer, I\Iiddleboro ; d. Fall 

River. 
Butterworth, Lloyd N. 25, S. ; carpenter, Middleboro ; d. 

Middleboro. 
Clark, Charles W. 22, M. ; farmer, Leominster. 
Conant, Harry C. 17, S. ; student, Leominster ; 1910, 

Leominster. 
Cook, Aldrich 23, S. ; mechanic, Leominster ; d. 1895, 

Leominster. 
Cox, Lucian A. 23, S. ; clerk, Marlboro. 
Cummings, Augustus F. 20, S. ; piano-maker, Leominster ; 

1910, Dorchester. 
Cunningham, Charles C. 18, S. ; farmer, Hopldnton; later 

Co. A, 62d Mass. 
Davidson, Edward A. 18, S. ; farmer. Stow; d. Nov. 9, '64, 

hospital, Baltimore. 
Donaily, Thomas 21, — ; farmer, Readville. 
Driver, George N. 19, S. ; , Manchester; en. July 26; 

M. I. Aug. 8, '64. 
Drumey, John 21, S. ; brick-layer. Marlboro. 
Dugan, Michael 22, — ■; laborer, Marlboro. 
Elwell, Henry W. 21, — ; , Manchester; en. July 26;^ 

M. I. Aug. 8, '64. 
Fairbanks, x\lonzo P. 20, S. ; blacksmith, Northboro; 1910, 

Worcester. 
Felton, Heniy F. 21, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; 1910, Pasa- 
dena, California. 
Fitzgerald, John 18, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro. 
Franklin, Asa M. 20, S. ; farmer, Attleboro; had served Co. 

C, 4th Mass. 
Gates, Jerome S. 18, S. ; mechanic, Leominster ; had served. 

Co. C, 53d Mass. 



462 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 




Adjutant E. F. Wyer. 

Jas. A. Horton (I). S. A. Lawrence (E). 

Oscar Jones (F). D. W. Lawrence, Q. M. Sergt. 



*Hastiiigs, E. ^lerton 22. M. ; shoemaker, ^larlboro; vide Co. 

I, 9 mos., '62-3, as Edward M. 
Heniy, "William E. 25, ^l.: printer. Fitehbiirs:; had served 

Co. A, 5:3d Mass. ; 1910, Fitchburg-. 
Hinckley, Dexter B. 34, M. -. mechanic, Marlboro. 
Hudson, Herbert A. 18, S. ; shoemaker, Framinghani; 1910, 

^larlboro. 
Jones, Edward 18, S. ; farmer, Marlboro; d. Feb. 10, 1904, 

Marlboro. 



Company E. 463 

Kirby, John W. 18, S. ; , :Maiiboro. 

Larreau, Edward 21, S. ; farmer, Leominster. 

Lawrence, Samuel A. 23, S. ; carpenter, Stow ; had served Co. 

D, 53d Mass. ; 1910, Stow. 
Loud, George W. 36, M. ; shoemaker, ^larlboro. 
McAuslan, James 25, S. ; painter. Marlboro: d. Dec. 16, 1908, 

]\Iarlboro. 
Mace, Henry W. 20, S. ; laborer, Fitchburs: had served Co. 

B, 53d Mass.: 1910, Fitchburg. 
McGee. John 34, M. ; shoemaker, iMarlboro : 1910, ]\larlboro. 
Miles, Alonzo 20, S. : farmer. Stow; d. July 21, 1901, 

Natick. 
Miles, Lewis H. 24, — : farmer, Stow: had sensed Co. B, 

53d Mass.; d. Nov. 13, 1903, Natick. 
Morgan, Thomas 19, S. : , Marlboro: en. Julv 26, M. I. 

Aug. 8, '64. 
Morse, Julius T. 20, S. ; clerk, Leominster. 
Murray, Thomas 18, S. ; finisher, Blackstone. 
Newton, Frank B. 18, S. ; clerk, Marlboro; 1910, Faj-^dlle. 
Nichols, John M. 32, M. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; 1910, Clare- 

mont, N. H. 
Nourse, Adrain T. 21, S. ; clerk, Leominster. 
Nourse, Fred F. 21, S. ; farmer, Leominster ; d. Sept. 16, 

'64, Brunswick Station, N. J. 
Nourse, Parkman 41, IM. ; shoemaker, ^larlboro : d. Dec. 28, 

1908, Hudson. 
Nourse, Eoscoe H. 23, S. : mechanic, Leominster ; had served 

Co. I, 53d :\lass. 
Oaks, Jefferson G. 26, S. : farmer, Marlboro. 
O'Connell, Daniel 18, S. ; fuller, Readville; 1910, 

Hyde Park. 
Owens, John F. 18, S. ; comb-maker, Leominster. 
Parker, George H. 25, S. : druggist, Fitchburg; d. 1903, 

Andover. 
Perry, Crosby A. 26, ]\L : farmer, Leominster. 
Piper, Fred G. 17, S. ; clerk, Leominster. 
Proctor, AVilliam T. 19, S. : shoemaker, Marlboro. 
Quigg, John 22, ]\I. ; shoemaker. Marlboro. 
Reed, Henry 18, S. ; operative. Stow ; d. Boston. 
Richardson, George A. 18, S. : clerk, Leominster; 1910, 

Leominster. 
Russell, Austin W. 30, ]\I. : shoemaker, Marlboro : d. before 

1888, Marlboro. 



464 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

Russell, George S. IS, S. ; shoemaker, ]\Iarlboro ; 1910, 

Marlboro. 
Smith, Granville C. 21, S. : laborer. Barre ; had served Co. 

F, 53d Mass. 
Stevens, Francis E. 21, S. ; clerk, :\larlboro; 1910, Waltham. 
Tebo. Peter 20, i\I. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; later Co. D, 62d 

Mass. ; d. :\rarch 6, 1902, Marlboro. 
Thompson. George E. 22, S. : shoemaker, Marlboro. 
Tucker, Nathan T. 24, S. : farmer, :\Iiddleboro. 
Wallace, Charle.s E. 21. :\I. ; clerk, Fitchburg; 1910, 

Fitchburg. 
Wheeler. Jedediah W. 27. S. : butcher, IMarlboro; 1910, 

Marlboro. 
Whiting. Ithamer 24, S. ; farmer, Dover. 
Whitney, Edward 21. S. ; farmer, Leominster; had served 

Co. C, 53d Mass. 
Whitney, John W. 25, S. ; farmer, Leominster; had served 

15th Mass. 
Wilder, Granville W. 26, ^I. ; mechanic, Leominster; had 

sei-^^ed Co. E, 6th Mass., 3 mos., also Co. E, 26th Mass. ; 

d. July 7, 1903, Leominster. 
Wilder, John W. 22. S. : farmer Stow. 
Wollmer, John A. 23, M. : jeweler, Attleboro. 

Company F. 

(Unless otherwise stated, all enlisted July 14, M I. July 16, M. O. 
Nov. 16 1864.) 

CAPTAIN. 

Philip I. Cootey, 26, S. ; salesman, Boston; D. of C, July 
12, '64; had ser\'ed Co. C, 44th Mass.; d. 1902, Little 
Falls, X. Y. 

FIRST lieutenant. 

William C. Gotf, 24, S. ; salesman, Boston; D. of C. July 
12, "64 ; had served Co. D. 44th Mass. 



Company F. 465 

second lieutenant. 

Walter C. Fowler, 21, S. ; clerk, Boston; D. of C, Jnlv 12, 
'64; had served Co. A, 13tli Mass. 

SERGEANTS. 

AugTistus Jacobs (1st), 20, S. ; clerk, Boston; had served 

Co. D. 44th Mass.; 1910, Boston. 
Edw^ard W. Trescott, 20, S. ; clerk, Roxburv : had served 

Co. C, 44th Mass. 
Loring A. Chase, 25, S. ; clerk, Boston ; had served Co. G, 

44th Mass. 
George E. Wakott, 21. S. ; clerk, Boston; had served Co. E, 

44th Mass. ; 1910, Belmont. 
Charles E. Cook, 24, S. ; clerk, Boston; had served Co. F. 

44th Mass. 

CORPORALS. 

William A. Gonld, 23, S. ; mechanic, Boston ; had served Co, 

K, 44th Mass. 
George H. Bolles, 21, S. ; clerk, Boston ; had served Co. H,. 

44th I\Iass. 
George J. Morse, 21, S. ; clerk, Boston; had served Co. C, 

44th Mass. 
Winslow Herrick, 23, S. ; salesman, Providence, R. I. 
Edward D. Cornish, 22, S. ; clerk, Boston. 
Cyrus A. Page, 18, S.; clerk, Boston; d. May, 1898. 
George C. Appleton, 21, S.; clerk, Roxbury; d. May 31, 1906, 

Boston. 
George C. C. Sturtevant, 23, S. ; clerk, Boston. 

PRIVATES. 

Arnold, Alfred E. 19, S., clerk, Bostoli. 
Atkinson, William D. 43, M. ; mechanic, Boston. 
Averill, George H. 18, S. ; clerk, Boston; 1910, Arlington. 
Baker, Benjamin F. 24, M. ; mechanic, Boston. 
Bartlett, Charles E. 18, S. ; clerk, Boston. 
Barton, Alfred 18, S. ; mechanic, Dedham. 
30 



466 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

Blood, Charles F. 20, S. : mechanic. Fitchbiiro. 

Bond. Frank H. 17, S. ; clerk, Boston. 

Bridge, Samnel C. 26, S. : gTOcer, Boston. 

Bruce. Samuel C. 18, S. ; mechanic, Boston. 

Buffuin. Frank F. lb, 8. ; clerk, Boston. 

Bunton, William H. 18. S. : clerk, Boston; later Co. D, 
62d I\Iass. 

Carter. Frank 21. S. : mechanic, Dedham : had served Co. 
D, 43d I\Iass. 

Cheever. Joseph W. 19, S. ; clerk, Boston. 

Clapp, Ernest A. 18, S. ; clerk. Dorchester: 1910, Reading. 

Claridge, Albert S. '19, S. ; clerk, Boston. 

Clark. Charles D. 22, S. ; clerk, Boston. 

Cobb, Charles H. 22, S. ; clerk, Gloucester. 

Crocker, Josiah T. 19, S.; clerk Boston 

Cushing, Robert 22. S. : jeweler, Boston. 

Danforth, 19, S. ; clerk, Dedliam. 

Dearborn, Leander 17, S. ; clerk, Boston. 

Dennison. Julius W. 19, S. ; clerk. New York, X. Y. 

Dudley, Joseph V. 24, S. ; clerk, Boston. 

Evans, William D. 21, S. • clerk, Boston. 

Ewer. George F. 19, S. ; clerk, Boston. 

Faunee. William H. 18, S. ; clerk, Boston. 

Ferguson, Harvev C. 22, S. ; clerk, Scituate: d. Whitman. 

Fiske. Wilbur A. 20, S. : clerk, Boston; 1910, Prov- 
idence, R. I. 

Foss, Granville C. 22, S. ; clerk, Boston. 

Gay, Edwin W. 19, S. ; clerk, Boston. 

Grant. Charles E. 22, S. ; clerk, Dedham; had served Co. C, 
5th Illinois Cav. 

Gustin, Lorenzo 27. S. ; mechanic, Boston ; later 4th 
Battery. 

Handy, Charles F. 20. S. ; clerk, Pro^-idence, R. I. 

Hardy, Stephen E. 18, S. ; clerk, Framingham. 

Harrington, George S. 19, S. ; clerk, Boston; 1910, Boston. 

Herrick, Charles F. 21, S. ; clerk. Providence, R. I. 

Higginson, Lewis 18. S. : engineer. Roxburv. 

Hill, James G. 20. Sl ; clerk, Boston ; d. Feb. 11, 1896, Frye- 
burg, ]Me. 

Hilliardr Frank S. 19, S. ; clerk, Newton. 

Holland, AVm. A. J. 18, S. ; clerk, Boston. 

Jones, Oscar 18. S. : clerk, Newton; 1910, Peabody. 



Company F. 467 

Keith, Henry A. 19, S. ; clerk, Boston. 

Kimball, Charles L. 18, S. ; clerk, Boston. 

Kingsbury, George G. 18, S.; clerk, Boston; d. Nov. 4, '64, 

hospital, Baltimore. 
Lawrence, Wm. H. H. 20, S. ; clerk. Boston. 
Lethbridge, Willard H. 18, S. ; clerk, Boston; 1910, Boston. 
Lincoln, Kevere 18, S. ; clerk, Hingham. 
Lovett. Frederick H. 19, S. ; Boston. 
Lyon, Walter F. 21, S. ; clerk, Boston. 
Lyons, Charles E. 19, S. ; clerk, Boston. 
McClannin, Joseph W. 19, S. ; clerk, Boston. 
McLean, John F. 27, S. ; clerk, Boston; later Co. A, 1st 

Batt. Cavalry. 
Mansfield, Ezra A. 22, S. ; mechanic, Boston. 
Mansfield. Theodore F. 19, S. : clerk, Boston ; had served 

Co. B, 44th ]\Iass. 
Maynard, John F. 19, S. ; printer, Boston; d. Dec. 24, 1904. 
Norcross, Arthur 20, S. ; clerk, Hopkinton. 
Palmer, Charles D. 18, S. : clerk, Boston. 
Perry, Charles W. B. 19, S. ; clerk, Boston. 
Pierce, Nicholas 17, S. ; clerk. Boston. 
Prouty, Albert B. 17, S. ; clerk, Chelsea. 
Rand, J. Hovey 25, S. ; clerk, Boston. 
Richards, Edward H. 20, S. ; clerk, Boston. 
Rogers, Eugene L. 18, S. ; clerk, ]3oston. 
Salisbury, William G. 19, S. ; clerk, Boston. 
Saunders, Sidney 25, S. ; lawyer, Windsor, Vt. 
Shaw, John G. 17, S. ; clerk, Boston. 
Slattery, John J. 17, S. ; drummer, Boston. 
Smith Sidney L. 19, S. ; engineer. Canton. 
Stoddard, Elliot 22, S. ; clerk, Boston; d. March 7, 1907, 

Boston. 
Tisdale, William 34, S. ; clerk. Boston. 
Townsend, Edmn A. 18, S. ; clerk, Reading. 
Underbill, S. Augustus 18, S. : merchant. Charlestown; 

1910, Somerville. 
Vinal, George E. 21, S. ; clerk, Boston. 
Weeks, Henry W. 20. S. ; clerk, Dedham : had served Co. 

D, 43d Mass. 
Weelis, Nathan 0. 21, S. ; clerk, Dedham. 
Whitney, Charles J. 21, S. ; clerk, Boston ; d. June 22, 1893, 

Boston. 



468 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

Wliittaker. George L. 23, S. : artist, Boston. 
Wills, Robert 28, S. ; salesman. Boston. 
Young, Carlos G. 19. S. ; clerk. Boston. 
Young, Frank A. 19, S. : clerk. Boston. 

Interesting Gleanings from Company F. 

Only 2 men were married; 77 gave their occupations as 
clerks: the oldest man was 43 years old; 1 was 34; 2 were 
27 ; 2 were 26 ; all others were 25 or less ; 57 were 20 years 
old or less; it is doubtful if any younger aggregation served 
in the war. Remembering the disposition of boys in those 
times to lie their ages up, it is fair to suppose that a large 
proportion of the younger ones were considerably less aged 
than the rolls would indicate. On parade their beardless 
faces must have suggested a beginning Latin class in a city 
high school. 

Company' G. 

(Unless otherwise stated, all enlisted July 21, M. I. .July 27, M. O. 
Nov. 16, 1864.) 

fServed in ;> months' term. *Served in 9 months' term. 

CAPTAIN. 

*Charles S. Converse, 42, M. ; expressman, Woburn ; D. of 
C, July 25, '64; vide Co. G, 9 mos., '62-3; d. 1899, 
Woburn. 

FIRST LIEUTENANTS. 

t*Ed\^dn F. Wyer, 31, S. ; clerk, Woburn; D. of C, July 
25, '64; prom. Adjutant Aug. 24, '64; vide F. & tS. 

*Charles E. Fuller, 28, S. : farmer, Woburn ; from 2d 
Lieut., Aug. 24, '64; vide Co. G, 9 mos., '62-3. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT. 

*Montressor Seeley, 26. S. ; clerk, Woburn ; prom. from 
Sergt, Aug. 24, '64; vide Co. G, 9 mos., 1862-3; d. be- 
fore 1890. 

SERGEANTS. 

*Samuel R. Dolliver (1st), 40, M. ; policeman. Woburn; 
vide Co. G, 9 mos., 1862-3. 



Company G. 469 

*Thonias J. Hall, 28, S. ; currier. Wobiirn; vide Co. G, 9 

mos., 1862-3. 
*Horaee E. IMarion, 21, S. : student, Burlington; vide Co. G, 

9 mos.. 1862-3; physician, 1910. Brighton. 
*Samuel E. AVyman, 29, S. ; shoemaker, Woburn : vide Co. 

G, 9 mos., 1862-3. 
*Thomas T. Ferguson, 30, M. ; wheelwright; app. Com. 

Sergt., July 28, '64; vide F. & S.; 1910, Somerville. 
*Charles Parker, 22, S. ; farmer, Woburn; app. from Corp., 

Sept. 1, '64. 

C0RP0Rxy:.s. 

*Otis K. Winn, 20, S. ; currier. Woburn: vide Co. G, 9 mos., 
1862-3. 

*Edwin G. Champney, 21, S. ; artist, Woburn ; vide Co. G, 
9 mos., 1862-3; of a family that produced several ar- 
tists of note, he devoted nuich of his time to the restora- 
tion of old paintings and was deemed an expert in such 
work; dying several years ago, his body lies in Wood- 
brook Cemetery, Woburn. 

*Edmund C. Cottle, 21, S. ; currier, Westboro; vide Co. G, 
9 mos., 1862-3 ; d. Jan. 13, 1903, Woburn. 

*Webster Brooks, b. Gardner, Dec., 1842; 22, S. ; tinsmith, 
Ashland; vide Co. G, 9 mos., 1862-3; prominent as a 
citizen. Free ]\Iason, fireman, G. A. R. man ; d. Oct. 16, 
1902, Ashland. 

Charles E. Woods, 29, S. ; carriage-maker, Milford. 

*Ephraim W. Hadlev. 42, ~Sl. -. shoemaker, Woburn : vide Co. 
G, 9 mos., 1862-3. 

*Samuel R. French, 31. M.: currier, Woburn; vide Co. G, 
9 mos., 1862-3. 

*George A. Flagg, 23, S. ; farmer, Woburn ; app. Sept. 1, 
'64; vide Co. G, 9 mos., 1862-3; d. Oct. 30, '64; Fort 
McHenry, Baltimore. 

*George A. Kellev, 21, M. : currier. Woburn ; app. Nov. 1, 
'64; vide Co.' G, 9 mos., 1862-3. 

PRIVATES. 

Adams, Henrv 23, S.; shoemaker, Winchester. 
Allen, Montressor T. 21, S. ; clerk, Woburn; d. 1897, 
Woburn. 



470 Fifth Regiment, M.V.AL, One Hundred Days. 

Alley, William 21, S. ; eiirrier, Woburn. 

Bartlett, Charles A. 18, S. ; student. Woburii; also Co. B, 

1st Batt., H. Arty. 
Bennett, David F. 18, S. : clerk, ^lanchester. 
Bidwell. James F. 20, S. ; clerk, Agawam. 
Bradford. Charles "W. 19, S. : farmer, :\Iilford. 
Brigham. Salem T. 39, M. : painter, Wobnrn; d. Wobiirn. 
Brown. John S. 28, S.; clerk. Wobnrn. 
Bnllard, Edward D. 20, S. : drng-oist, :\Iilford. 
Bnrbank, Charles 28, jM. ; clerk, INIedford. 
Butters, George S. 28, 'M. ; carpenter, Wobnrn. 
Carter, Charles W. 18, S. ; clerk, W'oburn. 
Carton, Eichard 20, S. ; teamster, AVoburn. 
Chadbourn, Humphrey 35. ]\I. ; mason. Wobnrn. 
Chamberlain, Eugene C. 19, S. : boot-maker, ]Milford. 
Cheney, Almon F. 19, S. ; boot-maker, Milford; 1910, 

Milford. 
Coffin, Eben M. 28, M.; carpenter, Wobnrn; 1910, Hub- 
bar dston. 
Cook, Edwin H. 21, — ; clerk, Milford. 
Cook, Herbert E. 19, S. ; boot-maker, Wrentham. 
Cook, Pliineas X. 19, S. ; bonnet-bleacher, :\lilford. 
fCormick, Peter 20, S. : currier, Woburn ; \ide Co. G, 3 

mos., 1861. 
Cummings, Everett 25, S. : currier, W^oburn. 
Curtis. James W. 22, S. ; porter. Woburn ; d. Jan. 6, 1901, 

S. H., Chelsea. 
Cutter, Stephen H. 20, S. ; farmer, AYoburn. 
*Dean, Henrv U. 33, AI. : shoemaker, Woburn ; vide Co. G, 

9 mos., 1862-3. 
Duren, George W. 21, S. ; butcher, AA^oburn. 
Eaton, Alarshall 42, M. : shoemaker, AVinchester. 
Ellis, James K. 19, S. : clerk. Woburn. 
Folger. Jolin H. 19, S. ; milkman, Belmont. 
Franklin, Benjamin A. Jr. 24, AI. ; boot-maker, Milford. 
Frye, Timothy 35, AI. ; currier, AVoburn. 
Greene, John E. 24, S. : butcher, Alilford. 
Hadley, Henry 25. S. ; shoemaker, AA^oburn. 
*Hall, Joseph W. 20. S. ; student. Dennis; vide Co. E, 9 

mos., 1862-3: d. June 26, 1898, Brookline. 
*Hall, Luther 21. S. : clerk. Dennis; \Tide Co. E, 9 mos., 

1862-3; d. April 29, 1900. Dennis. 



Company G. 



471 





John H. Sawyer (I). 



E. M. Coffin (G). 




P. O: Woodbury (B). 



Halliday, Fred P. 24, S. ; farmer, Agawam. 

Harrinian, Hiram 38, M. ; harness-maker, Woburn. 

Heath. Benjamin 27, S. ; farmer, Conway, X. H. 

Hooper, Charles 0. 20, S. ; clerk, Boston. • 

Hunt, Perley M. 24, S. ; clerk, Milfoid; h. Feb. G, 1840, 

]\rilford; real estate dealer; d. A])ril 1, 1910, I)or;'hes- 

ter; bnried in ]\Iilford. 



472 Fifth Regiment, M.Y.M., One Hundred Days. 




Frank A. Xewell. Fred A. Newell. 

IX MIDDLE LIFE. 

*Kimball, Georse W. 38, M. : < arpenter. Woburn ; vide Co. 

G, 9 mos.. 1862-3; d. 1894, Woburn. 
*Knowlton, James H. 32. ]M. ; carpenter. Wolnirn : vide Co. 

G, 9 mos., 1862-3; 1910, Brockton. 
*Knox, Joseph J. 25. M. ; carpenter. Wobnrn ; vide Co. G, 

9 mos., 1862-3: 1910, Brockton. 
Lawrence, Eber H. 26, S. : carpenter, AVobnrn. 
Leach, Anenstiis IT. 22. S. : ck^rk. Stonehton ; had served 

Co. C, 2d Mass. 
Leonard, William 24, S. : farmer, AgaAvam. 
Litchfield, Lorenzo 19. S. ; clerk, jMedford. 
Littlefield, Clarence 19. S. ; clerk, Wobnrn: 1910, Woburn. 
JNIarden, David 22, S. : tailor, Woburn. 
Merriam Frank E. 22, S. ; currier, Wol)urn. 
*Moulton, Elbridge 23. S. : shoemaker, A.shland : vide Co. 

E, 9 mos., 1862-3: d. June. 1899, Ashland. 
Newell, Frank A. 19. S. : farmer, Franklin : h. Franklin, 

Aug. 8, 1845; d. Attleboro, Aug. 1. 1894. 
Newell, Fred A. 19. S. ; farmer, Franklin; b. Franklin, Aug. 

8, 1845: manufacturer in Franklin. Fall Eiver and 

Attleboro: presented soldiers' monument and hall of 

relics to Franklin: 1910, Providence, R. I.; d. Sept- 20, 

1910. 



Company G. 473 

Newhall, Alfred A. 20, S. : currier. Wobnru. 

Parkhurst, Herbert 21. S. : clerk, :\Iilford; 1910, Milford. 

Pearson, Horace R. 37, M.; blacksmith, Biirling'toii ; d. 

Sept. 10, '64, Ft. McHenry, ^^Id. 
Perrigo, James Gr. 39, M. ; boot-maker, Woburii ; had served 

Co. B, 42d Mass. ; later in Co. F, 1st Batt., H. Arty. 
Perry, Emery B. 39, M. ; shoemaker, Wobiirn. 
Perry, Henry W. 29, S. ; boot-maker. ^Milford. 
Pettee, Herman A. 21, S. ; machinist, Stonghton. 
Pierce, Warren T. 18, S. ; teamster. Wobnrn. 
Pond, Fred A. 20, S. ; clerk, Milford. 
Poole, Parker T. 25, S. ; shoemaker, Woburn. 
Richardson, Georpe W. 23. S. ; cnrrier, Woburn; dead. 
Sawtelle, William PI. 19, S. ; farmer, Winchester. 
Smith, Norman 19, S. ; tinsmith, Ashland. 
Sullivan, Thomas V. 33, M. ; machinist. Woburn; 1910, 

Lynn. 
Sweet, Albert A. 22, — ; shoemaker, Woburn. 
*Taylor, Dennis 36, M. ; shoemaker, Woburn ; vide Co. G, 

9 mos.. 1862-3. 
Tufts, Wm. Chester 22, S. : farmer, Woburn : d. IMarcli 1, 

1896, S. H., Chelsea. 
*Wade, Martin V. 28, S. : shoemaker. Woburn ; vide Co. G, 

9 mos., 1862-3. 
*Walker, James H. Jr. 32, M. ; currier, Woburn : vide Co. 

G, 9 mos., 1862-3. 
Ward, Georg-e F. 19, S. : bonnet-maker. Ware: 1910. So. 

Framingham. 
Waugli, AVilliam W. 19. S. ; boot-maker, Stonghton : d. 

March 4, 1910, Boston. 
Wheeler, John S. 30, M. ; machinist, Woburn ; d. 1907, 

Woburn. 
Whitten, Rufus R. 28, S. ; carpenter, Wobnrn; d. ]May 13, 

1908, Woburn. 
Williams, Frederick G. 20. M. ; boot-maker, ^lilford ; later 

Co. L, 3d Cavalry. 
Williams, George F. 28, M. ; boot-maker, ]\Iilford. 
Woods, Fred H. 21, S. ; clerk, Milford; 1910, Marlboro. 
Wright, Daniel Jr. 23, M. ; shoemaker, Woburn. 
York, William S. 39, M. ; mason, Woburn; d. Juiie 7, 1909, 

Woburn. 



474 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

Company H. 

(Unless otherwise stated, all enlisted July 14, M. I. July 20, M. U. 
Nov. 16, 1864.) 

tServed in ?> months' term. *Sprved in 9 months' term. 

CAPTAIN. 

f *Daniel Webster Davis. 37, S. ; clerk, Charlestown ; D. of 
C, July 16. '64: \dde Co. K. 3 mos., 1861, also Co. H, 9 
mos., '62-3. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

*William Spaldino-. 25, S. ; clerk, Charlestown ; D. of C. July 
16, '64; vide Co. H, 9 mos., 1862-3. 

second lieutenant. 

f Andrew J. Bailey. 24. S. ; clerk, Charlestown; D. of C, July 
16. '64; vide Co. K, 3 mos., 1861; for many years cor- 
poration counsel, city of Boston; 1910, Charlestown. 

sergeants. 

f James K. Churchill (1st) ; 27, M. ; upholsterer, Charlestown; 
vide Co. K, 3 mos., 1861 ; for many years policeman and 
furniture salesman, Worcester; 1880-'83 Ass't City 
Marshal; 1878-80, commanded Post 10, G. A. R., Wor- 
cester; 1892, commanded Dept. Mass., G. A. R.; 1910, 
Worcester. 

*Wm. H. ]iIcAuslan. 25. S. : milkman, Charlestown; vide Co, 
H, 9 mos.. 1862-3. 

*Thomas R. Roulstone. 24, M. ; ship-carpenter, Charlestown; 
vide Co. H, 9 mos., 1862-3; d. Oct. 17, 1895, Somerville! 

*Wm. D. F. ]\riller, 25, jM. ; spar-maker. Charlestown ; vid( 
Co. H, 9 mos., 1862-3. 

*Alonzo Parshley, 24, S. ; carpenter, Charlestown ; vide Co 
IT. 9 mos., 1862-3. 



Company H. 475 

corporals. 

*Ezra B. Kenali, 20. S. : rope-maker, Charlestown ; \dde Co. 

H, 9 mos., 1862-3; 1910. Charlestown. 
*George A. Webster. 20, S. ; clerk, Charlestown ; vide Co. H, 

9 mos., 1862-3. 
*Wm. H. Archer, 22, S. ; blacksmith, Charlestown ; vide Co. 

H, 9 mos., 1862-3. 
*Thomas W. Mullett, 21, S. ; clerk, Charlestown; vide Co. 

H, 9 mos.. 1862-3; d. 1908, Charlestown. 
Henry C. Cutter, 20, S. ; clerk, Charlestown. 
Benjamin D. Wiley, 28, M., sail-maker, CharlestoAvn ; d. 

March 22, 1902, Charlestown. 
Eben White, Jr., 19, S.; clerk, Charlestown; had served Co. 

B, 36th Mass. 
George B. Eaton, 19, S. ; clerk, Boston. 

MUSICIANS. 

*Charles H. Prentiss, 22, S. ; clerk, Charlestown ; \'ide Co. F, 

9 mos., 1862-3; d. 1903, Boston. 
Walter C. Kelley, 18, S. ; whip-maker, Charlestown. 

PRIVATES. 

Barnard, Henry 18, S. ; clerk, Boston. 

*Barstow, Edward F. 38, M. ; carpenter, Charlestown; vide 

Co. H, 9 mos., 1862-3. 
Batchelder, George 18, S. ; farmer. Exeter, N. H. 
Blaisdell, Charles H. 22, S. ; painter, Charlestown; later Co. 

L, 3d Cavalry. 
Caryl, Henry 19, S. ; clerk, Charlestown; 1910, Peabody. 
Caswell, Jacob A. 19, S. ; clerk. Charlestown. 
Chenev, Benjamin F. 18, S. ; carver, Charlestown; had served 

Co. E, 47th :Mass. 
Chisley, William 18, S. ; clerk, Charlestown. 
Clark, George E. 21, S. ; painter Charlestown. 
*Colbert, Lawrence E. 21, S. ; rope-maker, Charlestown ; vide 

Co. H, 9 mos., 1862-3. 
Cole, Albert G. 19, S. ; machinist. Maiden ; d. Sept. 17, '64 . 

Fort Marshall, :\rd. ; had served Co. H, 30th Mass. 



476 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

*Colson. Charles A. 20. S. : clerk. Charlestown ; vide Co. H, 

9 mos., 1862-3. 
Cottle, Albert 19, S. ; clerk, Charlestown. 
Crowninshield, Jacob 19, S. : gas-fitter. Charlestown. 
Ciimmings, Lyman W. 19, S. : gas-fitter, Charlestown. 
Cutter. "William B. 19, S. : clerk, Charlestown. 
Da\ds. Henry 18, S. ; ship-carpenter. Charlestown. 
Davis, John 20, S. ; blacksmith, Charlestown. 
Downing, Washin^on Jr. 21, S. : carpenter, Charlesto^vn ; 

had^ served Co. E, 47th Mass.: later 13th Battery. 
Draper, Samuel 22, S. ; clerk, Charlestown. 
Edmands. Dexter A. 19, S. : clerk. CharlestOAvn. 
Flanagin, ]\rather J. 18, 8. : baker. Charlestown : later Co. L, 

3d Cavalry. 
French, Samuel A. 41. ]M. ; carpenter. Charlestown : d. April 

6, 1906, S. H., San :\Ionica. Cal. 
Gadd. George W. 22, S. : shoemaker, Exeter, X. H. 
Gilman. Granville, 25, S. : gas-fitter. Charlestown. 
Goldsmith, Horace 24, S. : clerk, Manchester. 
Gowen, John 18, S. ; baker, Charlestown. 
Hadlock. William E. 20, S. : watch-maker, Charlestown ; had 

served Co. H, 29th INlass. 
Hammond. David P. 18. S. : farmer. Tamworth. X. H. 
*Harding. Frederick H. 19. S. : clerk. Charlestown ; vide Co. 

H, 9 mos.. 1862-3. 
Hatch, John Q. 18, S. : baker, Tamworth. X. H. : 1910, San 

Francisco, Cal. 
*Hitchborn, Henry G. 22. S. : clerk, Charlestown : vide Co. 

D, 9 mos., 1862-3. 
Hill. Frank 21 S. ; clerk, Charlestown. 
Jordan, Henry L. H. 18, S. ; turner, Medford. 
Kidder. Alanson F. 20, S. ; farmer. Xo. Groton, X. H. 
Lewis, Charles H. 23. S. ; blacksmith, Charlestown. 
Loring, George H. M. 18, S. ; farmer, Shirley : later Co. E, 

2d Cavalrv. 
Loureiro, Constantine 21, — ; barber, Charlestown. 
Lovejoy, Frederick A. 19, S. ; Fayette. Me. 
McAllaster, Benjamin F. 19, S. : clerk, Boston. 
Macdonald, James P. 20. S. : machinist, Charlestown. 
jMerritt. Orlando P. 19, S. : clerk. Boston : dead. 



Company H. 477 

Miller, John F. 21, S. ; boat-builder, Charlestown ; later Corp., 

Co. M, 3d Cavalry. 
Murrey, Edward 18, S. ; spinner, Lowell. 
Murrey, Michael 20, S. ; spinner, Low^ell. 
Newhall, George W. 20, S. ; clerk, East Bridgewater; 1910,. 

Stonehani. 
Norwood, Howard J . 20, S. ; machinist, Eockport. 
Osgood, Amos G. 29, M. ; paper-hanger, Charlestown. 
*Palmer. Samuel Jr. 27, S. ; teamster, Charlestown ; vide Co. 

D, 9 mos., 1862-3. 
Poole, Charles F. 25, S. ; painter, Charlestown. 
Prescott, George W. 21, S. ; clerk, Charlestown; had served 

Co. B, 36th Mass. 
Reed, William C. B. 19. S. ; painter, Charlestown. 
*Richardsou, George H. 22, S. ; potter, Charlestown: vide Co. 

D, 9 mos.. 1862-3. 
*Roberts, John W. 25, S. ; roller-maker, Soraerville ; vide Co. 

B, 9 mos.. 1862-3; d. Nov. 17, 1906. 
Robertson, Wm. H. H. 18, S.; clerk, Charlestown. 
Sargent, Andrew J. 28, M. ; sail-maker, Charlestown. 
Sew^all, Alfred C. 25, S. ; clerk, Charlestown. 
Seymour, Herbert F. 18, S. ; carpenter, Charlestown. 
Simonds, Nathaniel P. 20, S. ; clerk, Charlestown ; had served 

Co. E, 47th Mass. 
Stone, Charles H. 18, S. ; baker. Maiden. 
Taggard, George E. 20, S. ; farmer, Abington. 
Titus. George F. 18, S. ; plasterer, Charlestown; 1910, 

Charlestown. 
Vottier, Alexander G. 19, S. ; machinist, Charlestown. 
Waterman, Anthony A. 18, S. ; clerk, Charlestown; 1910. 

Somerville. 
Wateimaan, Frank 0. 18, S. ; clerk, Medford ; 1910, Medford. 
Wilson, George E. 18, S. ; tailor, Charlestown. 

Gleanings from Company H. 

Of the 84 men in the Company, 8 were married; 7 were- 
above 25 years of age; 46 were 20 years old or less. 



478 Fifth Regiiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

Company I. 

(Unless otherwise stated, all enlisted July 13, M. I. July 19, M. O. 
Nov. 16. 1864.) 

*Served in 9 months' term. 

CAPTAIN. 

*Andrew A. Powers, 83, ]\I. ; shoe-cutter, Bolton; D. of C, 
April 18, '64: vide Co. I. 9 mos.. '62-3. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

*William iS. Frost, 36. ]\I. : mason, Marlboro : D. of Co., April 
18, '64; vide Co. I, 9 mos., '62-3; b. Stnkely. Province 
Quebec, March 20, 1828, of X. E. parentage; came to the 
States, when eight years old, to ]\Iarlboro Aug. 1, 1852 ; in 
civil life he was chief of the Fire Dept., 1859-61; an 
original Republican, he was Pres. of Fremont Club in 
1856 and led the Wide-awakes in 1860 : after the war he 
served on nearly all important town committees, includ- 
ing that for erecting a soldiers' monument; was ^Master 
of the local Masonic Lodge, three times Commander of 
John A. Rawlins Post, G. A. R., served at headquarters 
of the Grand Army in Boston, and was on the staff of 
the Commander-in-chief; for twelve years was a member 
of the City Board of Assessors, last six years chairman; 
d. at the Homeopathic Hospital, Boston. July 13, 1907, 
from a sudden attack of cerebral hemorrhage while on 
an excursion to Revere Beach July 11th preceding. 

second LIEUTENANT. 

*Luther PI. Farnsworth, 35, M. ; shoe-cutter, ^larlboro ; D. of 
C, April 18, '64; vide Co. I. 9 mos., '62-3: d. Nov. 4, 
'75. 

SERGEANTS. 

*Levi 0. Cunningham (1st), b. Marlboro; 25. S. ; butcher, 
Marlboro ; vide Co. I, 9 mos.. '62-3 ; d. Jan. 9, 1910, Marl- 
boro. aB. 71-2-0. 



Company I. 479 

*John H. Sawyer, 27. S. ; farmer, Bolton ; vide Co. I, 9 mos., 
'62-3; 1910, Worcester. 

*Amory S. Haynes, 24, M. ; shoemaker, Bolton ; vide Co. I, 
9 mos., '62-3; b. Bolton, Aug. 19, 1840; assessor 9 years, 
town clerk for more than 25 vears; d. Bolton, Mar. 9, 
1911. 

*Frank Bean, 19, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; vide Co. I, 9 mos., 
'62-3; 1910, Marlboro. 

*David B. Whitcomb, b. New Ipswich, N, H.. Oct. 6, 1837; 
26, M.; farmer, Berlin; vide Co. I, 9 mos., '62-3; 1910, 
Clinton; 18 years 8 months, postman, Clinton; belonged 
to Berlin Post, G. A. R., later to that in Clinton; d. July 



31, 1910, Clinton. 



CORPORALS. 



*Albert A. Wright, 27. S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; ^dde Co. 
I, 9 mos., '62-3 ; 1910, Hudson. 

*William T. Babcoek, 23, S. : shoemaker, Berlin : vide Co. I. 
9 mos., '62-3 ; 1910, Maiden. 

*John E. Berry, 19, S. ; carpenter. Marlboro; \'ide Co. I, 9 
mos., '62-3." 

*Henry K. W. Andrews, 19, S.; carpenter, Marlboro; had 
served in Co. D, 30th Mass.; vide Co. I. 9 mos., '62-3; 
1910, :\Iarlboro. 

*Edward E. Wright, 22, S.; machinist, Marlboro; vide Co. 
I, 9 mos., '62-3; d. Westford, Oct. 16, 1891, from injuries 
received at the burning of his dwelling-house. 

* John F. Rose, 35, M. ; tailor. Marlboro ; had served in Co. 
I, 13th Mass.; vide Co. C, 9 mos., '62-3, as Frederick 
J. Rose; d. May 22, 1901, Hudson, a\ 71-4. 

*Ariel Crosby, 36, M. ; shoemaker, Waltham; vide Co. I, 9 
mos., '62-3; b. Westboro, Dec. 22, 1827; after the war, 
worked as shoemaker, and was on Waltham 's police 
force; d. W^altham, Oct. 18, 1896. 

*William W. Wood, 25, S. ; printer, Middleboro ; vide Co. I, 
9 mos., '62-3; b. May 18, 1839, Middleboro; schooling 
finished at Pierce Academy; 1859, shoemaker, INIarlboro; 
next year served in the Wide-awakes and cast his first 
vote for Lincoln ; 1863, started Stoughton Sentinel ; Nov. 
'64, started Marlboro Mirror; 1870, founded Framing- 
ham Gazette; 1873, started Newton Republican (nowthe 
Graphic) ; 1877, through failing health, driven back to 
the farm; 1910. ^Middleboro. employed in literary work. 



480 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 




Lt.-Col. W. E. C. Worcester. 

IX LATER LIFE. 



W. F. Brigham (I). 



MUSICIANS. 



*Willarcl G. Bruce, 24, S. ; farmer, Berlin ; vide Co. I. 9 nios., 

'62-3: 1910, Berlin. 
J. Francis Whitney, 21. S. ; packer. Stow; 1910. Winter Hill. 



PRIVATES. 

Albee, Charles H. 19, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro : 1910, 

]Marlboro. 
Aldrieh. Geore-e 32, M. ; shoemaker, Marlboro : d. Oct. 30. 

1903, Waltham, a?. 70-3-0. 
Andrews. J. Albert 18, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; d. Oct. 3, 

1898, Marlboro, a?. 49-8-4. 
Atkinson, George 45. M. ; shoemaker. Stow. 



Company I. 481 

Ball Elliott H. 20, S. ; farmer, Bolton. 

*Boiid, Edmund E. 21, S. ; farmer, Marlboro ; vide Co. I, 9 
mos., '62-3; 1910, Worcester. 

Bordreaii, Peter 20, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro. 

Bride, Josiah W. b. Boston, Nov. 23, 1845 ; 18, S. ; shoemaker, 
Berlin ; 15 years in the militia, he rose from private to 
major; 1910, Ashburnham. 

Brigham, Alfred A. 18, S.; butcher, Marlboro; 1910, 
^Marlboro. 

Brigiiam, Wibur F. 25, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; boot-man- 
ufacturer; d. Nov. 16, 1901, Hudson, a?. 62-7-7. 

Brown, Frank E. 18, S. ; shoemaker, Berlin; 1910, Hudson. 

Brown, Henry E. 19, S.; shoemaker, Berlin; later 16tli Bat- 
tery; 1910, Hudson. 

Bryant, Joseph A. 19, S. ; shoemaker, Bolton; d. June 22, 
1906, Belmont, ae. 64-4. 

Carr, Thomas 21, S. ; farmer, ]\Iarlboro. 

Cavanaugh, James 28, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro. 

Clark, G. Alonzo 20, S. ; boot-maker, Stow. 

Coburn. Cyrus E. 21, S. ; farmer, Lancaster; 1910, Worcester. 

Crosby, George 0. 29, S. ; painter, Marlboro; b. Shrewsbury; 
d. May 14, 1907, Marlboro, se. 72-5-17. 

Darling, George 26, M. ; shoe-cutter, Marlboro. 

Darling, Seth W. 20, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; 1910, LjTin. 

Davidson, Francis J. 21, S. ; farmer, Berlin. 

Dyer, Edward F. 23, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro; d. Feb. 7, 
1894, Marlboro, se. 53-3-23. 

Eager, Frank R. 21. S. ; farmer, Marlboro ; d. Jan. 19, 1905, 
]\Iarlboro, se. 61-11-13. 

Emerson, Edwin R. 33, M. ; carpenter, Marlboro; d. Jan. 3, 
1910, Templeton, ?e. 77-7-0. 

Fay, Frederick 21, S.; farmer, Marlboro; d. Jan. 30, 1903, 
Southboro, se. 59 j'ears. 

Fisher, Lyman 35, JM. ; carpenter, Marlboro. 

Gates, Lyman 20. S. ; shoemaker, Bolton ; d. ]\Iay 10, 1901, 
Bolton, fe. 56-11-9. 

Goode, Thomas 23, M. ; shoemaker, INIarlboro. 

Gott, Lemuel Jr. 24, S. ; teacher, Berlin; d. Aug. 29, '64, hos- 
pital, Baltimore, from sunstroke. 

Hartshorn, Edward H. 21, S. ; chemist, Berlin; d. before 1888. 

^Hastings, Aug-ustus L. 21, S. ; shoemaker, Berlin ; vide Co. 
I, 9 mos., "'62-3. 

31 



482 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

Holden, Lewis C. 36, ]\r. ; carpenter, Marlboro ; later 14th 

Battery; d. Sept. 4, 1902, Marlboro, ae. 74 years. 
Horton, James A. 18, S.; printer, Marlboro; 1910. Greenfield; 

b. Brookline, N. H., June 16, 1847; Past Commander, 

Post 174, G. A. R.; invented the "Horton Mailer." 
Howe, Eugene L. 18, S. ; butcher, INIarlboro ; d. June 5, 1901, 

^Marlboro , c^. 55-8-20. 
Howe, George A., b. Marlboro, June 16, 1849 ; 18, S. ; carpen- 
ter, Marlboro; d. Nov. 7, 1909, Marlboro; long in the 

lumber trade, he was successively Selectman, Alderman 

and the 2d i\fayor of his city. 
Howe, George L. 20, S. ; shoemaker, Berlin ; d. Aug. 8, 1898, 

]\Iarlboro, a?. 54-4-26. 
Howe. John H. 26, M. : shoemaker, Marlboro ; d. June 24, 

1894, Marlboro , a?. 56-1-11. 
Johnston, James R. 30, I\I. ; shoemaker, Marlboro; 1910, 

Portland, INIe. 
Keyes, Sumner W. 21, S. ; farmer, Lancaster; 1910, 

Lancaster. 
Latham, Stephen B. 26, M. ; machinist, Marlboro ; 1910, 

Hopkinton. 
Lavally, Louis 20, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; 1910, Savannah, 

Illinois. 
Lawrence, Roswell 20 S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; 1910, 

Maiden. 
Lyman, Richard F. 19, S. ; printer, Marlboro. 
Moore, John A. 19, S. ; farmer, Marlboro; d. Aug. 22, 1910, 

Hudson. 
Newton, Christopher C. M. 19, S. ; farmer, Bolton. 
Ordway, Timothy C. 22, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro; 1910, 

Marlboro; d. June 10, 1910, S. H., Chelsea, a. 68-6-17. 
Parmenter, Henry L. 35, M. ; machinist, Stow; 1910, 

Brockton. 
Parmenter, John "W. 22, S. ; shoemaker, IMarlboro. 
Parmenter, William A. 19, S. ; farmer, Marlboro; 1910, 

Brockton. 

Powers, Amos P. b. Gardner; 18, S. ; shoemaker, Bolton; 1910, 
Hudson ; contractor and builder for many years ; promi- 
nent in Odd-fellowship and the Grand Army; 1910, 
Hudson. 

Powers, Edward L. 17, S. ; shoemaker, Bolton; 1910, Haver- 
hill. 



Company I. 483 

Randall, Herbert N. 19, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro; d. Sept. 7, 

1901, S. H., Chelsea, se. 56 years. 
Rice, Charles Walter 23, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; b. June 

14, 1841, Marlboro; d. July 11, 1908, Pittsfield. 
Rice, Henry M. 18, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; 1910, Plymouth. 
Roe, Charles E. 18, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro; 1910, Minne- 
apolis, Minn. 
Scott, Henry 18, S. ; farmer, Marlboro. 

Smith, S. Franklin 21, M. ; shoemaker, Bolton; 1910, Hudson. 
*Spoerell, George 33, M. ; shoemaker, Marlboro; vide Co. I, 

9 mos., '62-3; 1910, Elmhurst, California. 
Stone, Orville E. 18, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro. 
*Stratton, Isaac 19, S. ; shoemaker, Bolton ; vide Co. I, 9 mos., 

'62-3; later 16th Battery; d. before 1887. 
Tenney, William H. 27, M. ; shoemaker, Berlin. 
Tolman, Henr^^ J. 21, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro. 
Trowbridge, James C. 25, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro; d. May 

30, 1899, Hudson , sd. 60 years. 
Underwood, Granville 19, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; 1910, 

Southville. 
Weed, George C. 18, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro. 
Wheeler, Lowell S. 22, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; had served 

in Co. H, 33d Mass. 
Wilkins, Lewis 49, M. ; carpenter, Marlboro. 
Wilson, Henry 18, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro. 
Wood, Charles A. 23, S. ; printer, Middleboro; 1910, Brown's 

Station, N. Y. 
Wood, Charles T. 21 S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro ; d. Oct. 2, 

1905, Belmont, £e. 62-1-1. 
Wood, Stillman P. 21, S. ; shoemaker, Marlboro; 1910, 

Marlboro. 
* Woodbury, Alfred I. 33, M. ; news agent, Boston ; vide Co. 

I, 9 mos., '62-3 ; d. May 27, 1907, Charlestown , s. 75-8. 
Wright, Charles E. 36, M.; shoemaker, Marlboro; d. April 

8, 1900. 



484 Fifth Regiivient, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

Company K. 

(Unless otherwise stated, all enlisted July 15, M. I. July 16, M. O. 
Nov. 16, 1864.) 

*Served in 9 months' term. 

CAPTAIN. 

Francis M. Sweetser, 26, S.; machinist, Stoneham; D. of C, 
July 14, '64; had served Co. L, 6th Mass., 3 mos., also 
Co. C, 50th Mass. ; 1910, Stoneham. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

Marshall P. Sweetser, 28, M. ; laborer, Stoneham; D. of C, 
July 14, '64; had served Co. C, 50th Mass.; 1910, Boston. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT. 

Moses Downs Jr. 25, M. ; shoemaker, Stoneham ; D. of C, 
July 14, '64; had served Co. C, 50th Mass.; d. Feb. 3, 
1901, Stoneham. 

SERGEANTS. 

Jefferson Hayes (1st), 31, S.; shoemaker, Stoneham; had 

served Co. L, 6th Mass., 3 mos. ; also Co. C, 50th Mass. 
"Wm. H. Hurd, 24, M. ; clerk, Stoneham; prom. Sergt.-major, 

July 28, '64; vide F. & S. 
Joseph W. Fields, 26, M. ; shoemaker, Stoneham; had served 

Co. C, 50th Mass. ; 1910, Woburn. 
George Jones, 24, S. ; laborer, Stoneham; had served Co. C, 

50th Mass. ; 1910, Stoneham. 
Andrew M. Latham, 31, M. ; shoemaker, Stoneham. 
John B. Clough, 28, M. : shoemalver, Stoneham; app. from 

Corp., Aug. 16, '64 ; had served Co. C, 50th Mass. ; 1910, 

Stoneham. 

CORPORALS. 

Eli N. Cotton, 20, S.: laborer, Stoneham, 



Company K. 485 

Myron J. Ferren, 28, M. ; engineer, Stoneham; b. Corinth, 
Vt., Aug. 16, 1836; in Stoneham since 1857; Selectman, 
1871-75 ; Board of Engineers, 1876-86 ; Commander Post 
75, G. A. R., five years; Representative in Legislature, 
1889-92 ; prominent in Odd- fellowship and Grand Army ; 
1910, Washington, D. C. 

Michael Lahey, 24, S. ; shoemaker, Stoneham ; had served Co. 
C, 50th Mass. 

Henry C. Keene, 22, S. ; laborer, Stoneham; d. Stoneham. 

Charles Lane, 23, S. ; shoemaker, Stoneham. 

Ira G. I'errj, 31, M. ; laborer, Stoneham; d. Nov. 17, 1907, 
Lynn. 

Alvin E. Hersey, 18, S. ; shoemaker, Stoneham; had served 
Co. C, 50th Mass.; later Co. L, 3d Cavalry; 1910, 
Stoneham. 

John Kingman, 38, M.; shoe-packer, Stoneham; app. Aug. 
15, '64; d. Sept., 1903, Stoneham. 

MUSICIANS. 

Dennis A. Barnes, 22, M.; shoemaker, Stoneham; had served 

8th Battery, 6 mos., 1862; d. 1903, Stoneham. 
Roscoe M. Flanders, 20, S.; shoemaker, Stoneham. 

PRIVATES. 

Atkinson, Benjamin 25, S.; shoemaker, Stoneham; lat. add. 

Lynn . 
Austin, Francis H. 34, M.; shoemaker, Stoneham. 
Bonville, Louis 29, S.; boot-maker, Weymouth. 
Briggs, Jefferson L. 24, M.; shoemaker, Stoneham; had 

served Co. E, 23d Maine. 
Brown, George B. 19, S.; bonnet-presser, Mansfield; later 

18th Unattached Co. 1 year. 
Brown, Robert K. 18, S.; shoemaker, Stoneham; had served 

Co. C, 50th Mass.; later Co. L, 3d Cavalry; 1910, 

Stoneham. 
Bruce, George W. 18, S.; shoemaker, Stoneham; 1910, 

Marlboro. 
Butterfield, William G. 26, M.; shoemaker, Stoneham; had 

served Co. L, 6th Mass., 3 months. 
Churchill, Asaph K. 37, M.; saloon-keeper, Stoneham. 



486 Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., One Hundred Days. 

Clark, Moses 18, S.; shoemaker, Ashland. 

Clement, James H. 20, S.; laborer, Stoneham. 

Cobb, Francis E. 20, S.; clerk. Perry, Maine. 

Coffin, James 34, S.; painter, Stoneham. 

Coney, George A. 26, S.; carpenter, Reading; had served Co. 

D, 50th Mass.; b. Reading; d. March 3, 1901; S. H., 

Chelsea. 
Converse, Cyrus 37, S.; clerk, Woburn. 
Cook, John O. 32, M.; shoemaker, Stoneham. 
Crosbv, Daniel G. 36, M.; shoemaker, Stoneham; d. Feb. 

28, 1993. 
Cummings, William F. 18, S.; butcher, Stoneham. 
Edwards, Wesley 31, M.; shoemaker, Stoneham. 
Elliott, Winthrop F. 32, M.; shoemaker, Stoneham; en. and 

M. I. July 21, '64; 1910, Stoneham. 
Flanders, Edward P. 21, S.; Rumney, N. H.; en. and M. I. 

July 21, '64; d. Stoneham. 
Ford, William E. 21, S.; shoemaker, Stoneham. 
Gilmore, John S. 19, S.; shoemaker, Natick: 1910, Stoneham. 
Grover, George H. 23, M.; shoemaker, Stoneham; had served 

Co. A, 59th Mass. 
Grover, William W. 18, S.; shoemaker, Melrose. 
Hadley, Aaron S. 25, M.; shoemaker, Stoneham; had served 

Co. L, 6th Mass., 3 months. 
Hadley, George H. 18, S.; student, Stoneham; 1910, 

Lawrence. 
Hall, James H. 23, S.; shoemaker, Methuen. 
Harriman, Archibald 29, M.; shoemaker, Stoneham; en. and 

M. I. July 21, '64. 
Harriman, Franklin 38, M.; shoemaker, Stoneham. 
Hawkins, Edwin D. 28, M.; shoemaker, Stoneham; d. Mar. 

8, 1897, Stoneham. 
Hewitt, Henry 19, S.; shoemaker, Stoneham, 
Holden, Albert N. 18, S.; mechanic, Stoneham; had served 

Co. C, 50th Mass. 
^Hooper, George E. shoemaker, Woburn; vide Co. A, 9 mos., 

1862-3; later Co. L, 3d Cavalry. 
Howard, Byron W. 19, S.; shoemaker, Stoneham; d. 

Stoneham. 
Jewell, Charles H. 23, S.; shoemaker, Ashland; had served 

Co. E, 1st N. H. 
Jones, Andrus B. 18, S.; farmer, Pownal, Maine; 1910, 

Nashua, N. H. 



Company K. 487 

Jones, John F. 21, S.; shoemaker, Stonehain; d. June 3, 1901, 

Stoneham . 
Jones, Perez C. 24, S.; shoemaker, Pownal, Maine; 1910, 

Stoneham. 
Keenan, James 23, M.; shoemaker, Stoneham; had served Co. 

L, 6th Mass., 3 months; 1910, Stoneham. 
Keene, Alonzo 24, S.; laborer, Stoneham. 
Kelly, Oweo 21, S.; shoemaker, Stoneham; Lad served Co. C, 

50th Mass. 
Lynde, Granville IS, S.; shoemaker, Stoneham; later Co. L, 

3d Cavalry. 
McCall, Peter 18, S.; shoemaker, Wobnrn. 
McKa}', John 25, M.; shoemaker, Stoneham; later Co. C, 

1st Batt., H. Arty. 
McNamara, John 19, S.; shoemaker, Stoneham; 1910, 

Stonehain . 
Martin, John W. 22, S.; hat-blocker, Mansfield; had served 

Co. H, 7th Mass.; later 18th Unattached Co. 
Moran, John 25, S.; shoemaker, Boston. 
Morse, Sanford A. 26, S.; machinist, Mansfield; later 18th 

Unattached Co. 
Murray, George 18, S. ; shoemaker, Wobnrn; d. Oct. 18, 1898, 

Wobnrn'; 
Newhall, Stephen H. 19, S.; painter, Lvnn; en. and M. I. 

July 21, '64. 
Norris, True L. 18, S.; student, Wobnrn. 
Paige, Orra 20, S.; clerk, Stoneham; 1910, Stoneham. 
Peabody, Daniel D. 18, S.; musician, Stoneham; 1910, 

Stoneham. 
Pennell, Joseph W. 25, S.; shoemaker, Stoneham; had served 

Co. L, 6th Mass., 3 months. 
Perry, Augustus E. 24, M.; shoemaker, Stoneham; had 

served Co. L, 6th Mass., 3 months, as Ephraim A.; 1910, 

Stoneham. 
Peyton, James 26, S.; shoemaker, Stoneham. 
Phillips, Harrison L. 18, S.; nail-cutter, Mansfield. 
Poor, Charles 20, S.; shoemaker, Stoneham; 1910, Stoneham. 
Quiniby, Lester F. 20, S.; shoemaker, Stoneham; had served 

Co. C, 50th Mass. 
Raverty, Hugh 19, S.; shoemaker, Woburn. 
Richardson, Daniel K. 27, M.; teamster, Stoneham; 1910, 

Medford. 



488 Fifth Regiment, AI.V.^NI., One Huxdred Days. 

Bobbins, Andrew 29, S.: shoemaker, Stoneham; had served 
Co. L, 6th Mass., 3 months; d. Jan. 17, 1904, Medford. 

Robertson, Lncius O. 19, S.; shoemaker, Stoneham. 

Rowe, Henry 30, S.: shoemaker, Stoneham. 

Skinner, Jacob H. 18, S.: carpenter, Stoneham. 

Smith, Stephen F. 26, S.; teamster, Medford. 

"Stearns, Elijah W. 22, S.; painter, Mansfield: en. and M. I. 
July 21, '64. 

Sturtevant, George E. 18, S.: shoemaker, Stoneham; 1910, 
Stoneham. 

Taylor, Seth E. 19, S.; laborer, Stoneham. 

Thurlow, Stephen A. 22, S.; laborer. Minot, Me.; en. and M. 
I. Jnly 21, '64. 

Tillson, Elijah A. 19, S.; jeweler, Mansfield; had served Co, 
E, 1st Cav.; later 18th Unattached Co. 

White, Henry M. 38, M.; nailer, Mansfield. 

White, Herbert H. 21, S.; machinist, Mansfield. 

White, Willard L. 23, S.; nailer, Mansfield; later 18th Un- 
attached Co. 

Wilson, Joseph W. 35, M.; shoemaker, Stoneham; later Co. 
L. 3d Cavalry; d. April 4, 1906, Stoneham. 

Woodman, Milton C. 19, S.; shoemaker, Stoneham. 



ERRATA. 



For E. A. Howe, title page and preface, read E. D. Howe. 
Add to Kenah, page 419, Ezra B. 
Add to Danforth, page 466, Noble. 



INDEX. 



Abbot, Alson B., 450. 
Abbot, H. L., 64. 
Abbott, Albert C, 454. 
Abbott, C. H., 367. 
Abbott, N. T., 381. 
Abbott, O. G., 330. 
Aborn, George W., 76, 101, 

329. 
Abrams, Chas. B., 394. 
Ackers, J. L. P., 399. 
Adams, Albion, 361. 
Adams. Chas. (K), 432, 434. 
Adams, Chas., 422, 427. 
Adams, Chas. P., 325. 
Adams, Henry, 469. 
Adams, John, 77, 361. 
Adams, Jos. D., 406 
Adams, JNIehdn, 381. 
Adams, O. S., 330. 
Adams, Samuel, 406. 
Agin, Thos., 460. 
Ahern, Michael, 394. 
Aiken, Edward H., 44.5. 
Aiken, Wm. A., 381. 
Akins, John, Jr., 417. 
Albee, Chas. H., 480. 
Albee, Milton H., 460. 
"Albemarle," Rebel ram, 

148. 
Alden, John C, 394. 
Alden, Wm. F., 344. 
Aldrich, B. F., 376. 
Aldrieh, George, 480. 
Aldridge, Wm. H. H., 344. 
Ale from Williamston, Bottle 

of, 143. 
Allen, Chas. H., 417. 
Allen, Chas. W., 325. 
Allen, Frank E., 417. 
Allen, Lewis A., 381. 
Allen, M. T., 287, 469. 
Allen, R. W., 399. 
Allen, S. J., 446. 
Alexandria, 40, 41, 45, 46, 47, 

51, 69, 87, 286. 
Alley, E. R., 460. 
Alley, Hon. J. B., 125. 



Alley, Wm., 125, 422, 470. 

.4.mes, Jacob, 411. 

Ames, Wm. fej., 367. 

Amory, Maj. C. B., 257, 259. 

Amory, Col. T. J. C, 91, 140, 
161, 226, 257. 

Ancient and Honorable Ar- 
tillery, 24. 

Anderson, Lt. Col., 205. 

Anderson, C. E., 330. 

Anderson, Daniel (1st), 377. 

Anderson, Daniel (2d), 377. 

Anderson, D. W., 455. 

Anderson, J. H., 330. 

Anderson, W. W., 186, 381. 

Andrew, Gov, J. A., 8, 19, 
25, 61, 62, 120, 154, 271. 

Andrews, Geo., 361. 

Andrews, H. K, W., 422, 479. 

Andrews, J. Albert, 480. 

Andrews, John B., 361. 

Andrews, Jos. H., 361. 

Angier, H. A., 72, 76, 101, 
367, 380. 

Annapolis, 30, 31, 32. 

Annapolis Junction, 31, 32, 
33. 

Anthony, Jos., 357, 382. 

Appleton, Geo. C, 465. 

Archer, Edwin W. 417. 

Archer, Wm. H., 417, 475. 

"Ariel," Steamer, 29. 

Arlington, 59. 

Arnold, Alfred E., 465. 

Arnold, Ambrose, 432. 

Arnold, Chas. H., 394. 

Arnold, F. T., 388. 

Arnold, Jos., 382. 

Artisans, 287. 

Ash, Wm. G., 335, 394. 

Ashcroft, Capt. Jas. E., 209. 

Astor House, 29, 88. 

Atkinson, Benj., 485. 

Atkinson, F. E., 441. 

Atkinson, George, 480. 

Atkinson, Wm. D., 465. 

Atlantic Monthly, 32. 



At Sea, 130. 
Atwood, Hawes, 361. 
Austin, Francis H., 485. 
Austin, Jos. A., 382. 
Averill, Geo. H., 465. 
Ayers, John H., 394. 
Ayers, Wm., 382. 

Babcock, C. A., 71, 102, 367. 
Babcock, E. B. (2), 423. 
Babcock, Francis, 422. 
Babcock, H. T., 186, 423. 
Babcock, Wm. T., 423, 425, 

479. 
Badger, Stillman, 455. 
Bagley, Alonzo J., 406. 
Bailey, Alvin R., 117, 446, 

453. 
Bailey, Andrew J., 367, 474. 
Bailey, C. H., 368, 370. 
Bailey, Ed«-in, 325. 
Bailey, H. C, 395. 
Bailey, Jas. A., 343. 
Bailey, Walter C, 360, 379, 

380. 
Bailey, Wm., 395. 
Baird, Jas. H., 460. 
Baker, Benj. F., 465. 
Baker, C. P., 399. 
Baker, Darius, 6, 399 (2), 404. 
Baker, Geo. H., 399. 
Baker, S. F., 399. 
Baker, Washington, 400. 
Baker, Watson, 400. 
Baker, Wm. J., 377. 
Bake-shop, Gov't, 37. 
Baldwin, Wm. F., 431. 
Ball, Elliott H., 481. 
Balcom, George, 421, 423. 
Ball, Geo. H., 352. 
Ball, Warren B., 352. 
Baltimore, 32, 88, 276. 
Baltimore, Map of, 436. 
Bancroft, Geo. (historian), 

30. 
Bancroft, Geo., 411. 
Banks, Gen. N. P., 52. 



490 



Fifth Regiment, M.V.M. 



Barbauld, Mrs., IS. 

Barker, Isaac, Jr., 361. 

Barker, Justin D., 423. 

Barker, S. S., 330. 

Barker, Wm. H. S., 406. 

Barnard, Benj. F., 329. 

Barnard, B. W., 441. 

Barnes, Dennis A., 485. 

Barnard, Geo. G., 460. 

Barnard, Henry, 475. 

Barnard, J. G., 64. 

Barnard, J. W., 388. 

Barnes, Capt. Geo. F., 272, 
387, 448. 

Barnes, Geo. W., 186, 382. 

Barnes, Jos. W., 423, 424, 
427. 

Barr, Thos. A., 382. 

Barrett, Jas., 400. 

Barrett, John J., 417. 

Barri, M. V. B., 344. 

Barri, T. O., 29, .59, 321. 

Barrows, Joe E., 460. 

Barstow, E. F., 417, 475. 

Bartlett, Chas. A., 470. 

Bartlett, Chas. E., 465. 

Bartlett, Chas. W., 6, 441. 

Bartlett, Henry A., 446. 

Barton, Alfred, 465. 

Baseball, 196, 

Batchelder, George, 475. 

Batchelder, Geo. H., 388. 

Batchelder, Geo. W., 330. 

Batchelder's Creek, 227. 

Bates, Wm. C, 77, 98, 100, 
101, 111, 112, 352. 

Battalion, Third, 26, 29. 

Battiste, John B., 395. 

Battles, Kinston, 164; White- 
hall, 170; Goldsboro, 174; 
Newbern, 204, Core Creek, 
226; Gum Swamp, 231. 

Baumeister, John, 441 (2). 

Baxter, Aug. G., 405. 

Baxter, Capt. Rodney, 129, 
131. 

Beal, Jas. A., 348. 

Bean, Frank, 422, 479. 

Bean, Wm. S., 348. 

Beaufort, 132. 

Beauregard, Gen., 66, 68, 69, 
94. 

Becket, Wm. C, 388, 450. 



Beckford, Wm. F., 357. 

Beekwith, R. S., 59, 330. 

Beddoe, Thos., 417, 368. 

Bee, Gen. B. E., 74. 

Bee Storj-, 148. 

Beers, R. E., 382. 

Belger's Battery, 141, 143, 

176, 180, 216, 260. 
Bell, Jos. J., 3.35. 
Benham, Daniel, 344. 
Bennett, Asa A., 460. 
Bennett, Da^^d F., 470. 
Bennett, Edwin C, 361. 
Bennett, F. W., 424, 425. 
Bennett, Geo. L., 460. 
Bent, Geo. H., 455. 
Bent, Judson L., 432. 
Berrj-, Chas., 455. 
Berrj^ John C, 424. 
Berry, John E., 479. 
Betume, John, 58. 
Bible given, 23. 
Bible reading, 151. 
Bible study, 105. 
Bibrim, Jos., 395. 
Bibrim, Wm. F., 418. 
Bickford, E. R., 339. 
Bidwell, Jas. F., 470. 
Big Bethel, 32, 55. 
Bingham, Chas. G., 461. 
Binney, H. M., 362. 
Bird, Geo. A., 367. 
Bird, Warren A., 362. 
Bisbee, Horatio, Jr., 344. 
Bishop, John, 344. 
Bisby, Hiram, 330. 
Black, Lewis, 406, 408. 
Blackington, Geo. D., 461. 
Blaisdell, Chas. H., 475. 
Blaisdell, I. C, 411. 
Blake, Chas. E., 424. 
Blake, Chas. W., 455. 
Blanchard, Aug. B., 446. 
Blanchard, B. G., 236, 417. 
Blanchard, Jas. H., 432. 
Blau, John, 424. 
Bliss, Chas. H., 424, 429. 
Blood, Chas. F., 466. 
Blood, Hiram, 335. 
Blount's Creek, 214, 222, 

265. 
Blunt, Geo., 368. 
Bodge, Amos P., 388. 



Bodge, Jacob G., 388. 
Bodge, Wm. H., 4.50. 
Bohm, Sergt., 112. 
Bolles, Geo. H., 465. 
Bond, E. E., 424. 
Bond, Edmund H., 481: 
Bond, Frank H., 466. 
Bonner, Chas. D., 362. 
Bonner, John, 377. 
Bonville, Louis, 485. 
Booker, Geo. D., 344. 
Booker, Sanford, 343. 
Bordreau, Peter, 481. 
Boston, 17, 89, 129, 246, 273, 
j 314, 315. 
Boston Artillery, 29. 
Boston Journal, 23. 
Boston Transcript, 26, 27. 
Bosworth, Franklin, 450. 
Bounties, 122. 
j Bounty-jumper, 129, 297. 
JBourdreau, Eusibee, 424. 
Bowen, Chas., 339. 
Bowers, Chas., 6, 32, 36, 57, 

98, 351. 
Bowers, Chas. R., 411. 
Bowers, Wm., 352. 
Boxes from home, 196. 
Boyce, Jacob C, 432. 
Boyd, John T., 11, 22, 62, 73, 

87, 178, 244, 321, 366, 373. 
Boyd, Jos., 367. 
Boyd, Wm., 368. 
Boyle, Michael, 377. 
Boynton, John W., 389. 
Boynton, Wm. F., 395. 
Brackett, Chas. K., 382. 
Brackett, Edward, 362. 
Brackett, E. J., 352. 
Brackett, Geo. F., 367. 
Brackett, I. W., 395. 
Braden, Angus, 344. 
Bradford, Chas. W., 470. 
Bradford, Gov. A. W., 304. 
Bradley, Jas. R., 446. 
Brady, John G., 348. 
Bragdon, Geo. W., 406. 
Bragdon, Jos. D., 398. 
Bragdon, S. M., 344. 
Branch, Hiram R., 335, 395. 
iBrastow, Geo. O., 11, 21, 22, 

55, 80, 82, 360. 
Brazier, Wm. H., 193, 418. 



Index. 



491 



Breed, J. N., 367. 
Breen, Walter, 377. 
Brendal, Stephen, 348. 
Brennan, Jas. E., 446. 
Brennan, Michael, 377. 
Bresnahan, Jeremiah, 406. 
Brewer, Henry C, 461. 
Brewer, Theo. M., 424. 
Brewerton, Maj. H., 285. 
Bride, Josiah W., 481. 
Bridge, Samuel S., 466. 
Brigade Drill, 152. 
Brigade relations, 140. 
Briggs, H. T., 76, 101, 325. 
Briggs, Jefferson L., 485. 
Brigham, Ad. M., 461. 
Brigham, Alfred A., 481. 
Brigham, Chas., 6, 227, 431. 
Brigham, Salem T., 470. 
Brigham, W. F., 480, 481. 
Brintnall, S. R., 382. 
Bromley, Lyman P., 339. 
Bromley, O. B., 340. 
Brooks, L. F., 343. 
Brooks, Webster, 249, 399, 

400, 469. 
Brown, Albert F., 368. 
Brown, Andrew K., 450. 
Brown, Benj. K., 324. 
Brown, Capt. D. L., 272, 459. 
Brown, Edward A., 424 (2), 

461. 
Brown, Frank E., 481. 
Brown, Geo. A., 358. 
Brown, Geo. B., 485. 
Brown, Geo. F., 461. 
Brown, Mayor G. W., 285. 
Brown, Hiram, 406. 
Brown, John, 352, 354. 
Brown, John, 377. 
Brown, John, 460. 
Brown, John H., 368. 
Brown, John S., 470. 
Brown, Josiah, 410. 
Brown, Robert K., 485. 
Brown, Wm. A., 3.52. 
Brown, Wm. P., 362. 
Brown, W. S.. 368. 
Bruce, C. A., 382. 
Bruce, Geo. W., 485. 
Bruce, Samuel C, 466. 
Bruce, W. G., 422. 
Bruce, Willard G., 480. 



Bryan, Capt., 28. 
Brj'ant, John, 418. 
Bryant, Jos. A., 481. 
Buckingham, L. W., 362. 
Buckman, Bowen, 411. 
Buckman, Wm. T., 446. 
Buffaloes, 228. 
Buffum, F. F., 466. 
Bulfinch, Edward, 411. 
Bulfinch, Henry, 411. 
Bulger, Jas., 358. 
Bullard, Chas. D., 455. 
Bullard, E. D., 470. 
Bullard, Jas. M., 424. 
Bullard, Wm. H., 461. 
Bull Run, 64; E. F. Wyer's 

Story of, 79; Col. Porter's 

Report, 82; Map, 83; Lieut. 

H. P. Williams describes, 

85; Blackburn's Ford, 66. 
Bull Run Monument, 78. 
Bull Run prisoners, 93; leave 

Richmond, 97; Bible study, 

105; Bone ornaments, 105; 

Clothing distributed, 110; 

Prayer for Juff. Davis, 112. 
Bull Run, Second, 73. 
Bunton, Wm. H., 466. 
Burbank, Charles, 470. 
Burbank, E. C, 405. 
Burbank, Wm. H., 344, 374, 

406. 
Burbeek, Jos. N., 38S, 449. 
Burckes, T. J., 368. 
Burditt, Geo. A., 330. 
Burditt, Jas. A., 329. 
Burg, Wm. R., 358. 
Burgess, John F., 425. 
BurgwTn, Col. H. K., 160. 
Burnham, Chas., 340. 
Burns, John, 411. 
Burns, Patrick, 432. 
Burns, Wm., 441. 
Burnside, Gen. A. E., 82. 
Burroughs, Geo. W., 186, 380, 

382, 444, 445. 
Burrows, Wm. A., 325. 
Burton, Jacob, 325. 
Bushby, Jos., Jr., 389. 
Buswell, Geo. P., 340. 
Buswell, Nancy, 14, 15, 16, 

369. 
Butler, Alonzo, 382. 



Butler, Gen. B. F., 30, 31, 

40, 45, 296. 
Butler, Henry, 173. 
Butterfield, Wm. G., 485. 
Butters, Andrew, 406. 
Butters, Frank V., 368. 
Butters, Geo. S., 470. 
Butterworth, A. D., 461. 
Butterworth, L. N., 461. 
Buttrick, Francis, 353. 
Buttrick, Geo., 352. 
Buttrick, H. H. 351. 
Buttrick, Maj. John, 20. 
Butts, Jos. W., 368. 
Butts, Wm. D., 418. 
Buxton, Geo. F., 325, 328. 
Buxton, Geo. W., 389. 
Buxton, M. F., 411. 
Buxton, Simon P., 450. 
Buxton, Thos. W., 388. 

Cable, Geo. W., 111. 
Cadogan, Daniel, 377. 
Cssar's Commentaries, 152. 
Calef, H. S., 446. 
Calif, Wm., 442. 
Call, John M., 416. 
Callahan, Jas. F., 442. 
Cameron, Sec. Simon, 56, 57, 

58. 
Camp Andrew, 51 ; Ma.ssachu- 

setts, 54, 79, 87; Lander, 

123; Peirson, 188, 189; 

Meigs, 274. 
Camp-scene, 185. 
Cannon from Bull Run, 193. 
Cape Cod boys' letters, 125, 

1.52, 155, 164, 170, 174. 
Cape Codders, 273. 
Cape Hatteras, 132. 
Caps presented, 198. 
Carey, Thos., 377. 
Carieton, Albert, 388. 
Carney, Chas. J., 395, 454. 
Carpenter, G. O., 58. 
Carr, Chas. E., 389, 450. 
Carr, John C, 368, 417. 
Carr, John P., 344. 
Carr, Royal S. 344. 
Carr, Thomas, 481. 
Carr, Wm. M., 362. 
Carroll, C. E., 411. 
Carroll, Jerome, 411. 



492 



Fifth Regiment, M.V.M. 



Carroll, John, 377. 
Carroll, Wm., 377. 
Carsons, E. C, 432. 
Carsons, F. D., 432. 
Carter, Chas. W., 470. 
Carter, Francis G., 460. 
Carter, Frank, 466. 
Carter, Henry F., 446. 
Carter, Jas. W., 353. 
Carter, John H., 431. 
Carton, Richard, 470. 
Caryl, Henry, 47.5. 
Cashin, John, 382. 
Cassebourne, C. W., 77, 348. 
Cassidy, Philip, 377. 
Cassidy, Philip E., 395, 454. 
Caswell, Albert, 362. 
Caswell, Jacob A., 475. 
Caswell, Jos. A., 340. 
Cate, Sam'l A. (not H), 76, 

101, 325. 
Cate, T. J., 37. 
Cavalry quarters, 43. 
Cavanaugh, James, 481. 
Centre\alle, 66, 68, 69, 73. 
Chadbourn, Humphrey, 287, 

470. 
Chamberlain, E. C, 470. 
Chamberlain, Geo. S., 400. 
Chamberlain, J. H., 335, 395. 
Chamberlain, R. T., 152, 382. 
Chambers, John G., 17, 62, 

172, 321, 343. 
Champney, Edwin G., 6, 

411, 469. 
Champney, E. G., writes, 208. 
Chandler, S. A., 340. 
Chandler, .S. E., 77, 102, 368. 
Chappie, Wm. D., 258. 
Charging up steep hill, 39. 
Charlestown, 22, 23. 
Charlestown Companies, 273, 

314. 
Charlestown receives, 246. 
Chase, Benj., 425. 
Chase, Chas. L., 335. 
Chase, Chas. W., 358. 
Chase, Edward K., 377. 
Chase, Edwin, 400. 
Chase, Lawrence, 400. 
Chase, Loring A., 465. 
Chase, Lyman H., 432. 
Chase, Sec. S. P., 56, 57. 



Cheever, Jos. W., 466. 
Chell, Geo., 335, 393, 454. 
Cheney, Almon F., 470. 
Cheney, Benj. F., 475. 
Cheney, D. S., 344. 
Che-sb-n, R. W., 335. 
Chickering, F. H., 400. 
jChilds, Geo. T., 77, 102, 113, 

368. 
■Chipman, C. G., 325. 
Chipman, Sands K., 442. 
Chisley, Wm., 475. 
Christmas, 190. 
Christmas celebration, 113. 
IChurchill, Asath K., 485. 
i Churchill, Ezra R., 442. 
Churchill, Jas. K., 368, 370, 

474. 
City Point, 290. 
Claflin, Jas. F., 425. 
:Clapp, Ernest A., 6, 466. 
Clapp, M. O., 344. 
{Clapp, Wm. M., 3.53. 
Claridge, Albert S., 466. 
Claridge, Frederick, 418. 
Clark, Chas. D., 466. 
Clark, Chas. W., 461. 
Clark, E. A., 358. 
[Clark, E. J., 367, 374. 
Iciark, G. Alonzo, 481. 
Clark, Geo. E., 475. 
Clark, Gorham B., 406. 
Clark, John F., 324. 
Clark, John W., 335. 
Clark, Jos. H., 368. 
Clark, Jos. H., 2d, 368. 
Clark, Jos. J., 377. 
Clark, Moses, 486. 
Clark, R. R., 353. 
Clark, Stephen M., 76, 335. 
Clark, Sylvester, 358. 
Clausen, John, 382. 
Clement, Jas. H., 486. 
demons, Wm. H., 325. 
Gierke, Chas. S., 6, 442. 
Clough, John B., 484. 
Clough, Wm., 395. 
Cobb, Chas. H., 466. 
Cobb, Francis E., 486. 
Cobb, Fred R., 382. 
Cobleigh, C. C, 335. 
Coburn, Cj'rus E., 481. 
Cochrane, Sir Alex., 292. 



[Cochrane, E. W., 446. 

Coffin, Eben :^L, 288, 470, 

I 471. 

Coffin, James, 486. 

Coffin, Capt. John X., 272, 

444. 
(Colbert, Lawrence E., 418, 
'■ 475. 

Colburn, Chas. F., 335,455. 
Colby, Chas., 389. 
Colby, John, Jr., 340. 
Cole, Albert G., 475. 
Colegate, Wm. C. C, 411. 
Coleman, I. N., 400. 
Coleman, L. E., 348. 
Coleman, Perry, 343. 
Coleman, Wm., 152, 395. 
Coles, Thos. J., 340. 
Colgate, Wm. A., 410. 
ColUns, Daniel, 395. 
Collins, Enos, 340. 
Collins, H. S., 77, 340. 
Colored Church, 202. 
Colson, Chas. A., 418, 476. 
Colton, D. J., 442. 
|Comey, Albert B., 6, 399, 400. 
Conant, Harry C, 461. 
Concord, 19. 
Concord Artillery, 19. 
Coney, Geo. A., 486. 
Coney, J. S., 330. 
Conlin, Peter, 395. 
Conn, Lieut. Chas. K., 312. 
Conn, Geo., 288. 
Conn, Henry, 418. 
Conner, Thos., 336. 
Connolly, Hugh, 348. 
Considine, John, 400. 
"Constitution," Frigate, 30. 
Conundrums, 163. 
Converse, Capt. Chas. S., 272, 

307, 308, 409, 468. 
Converse, Chas. W., 288. 
Converse, Cyrus, 486. 
" Convoy," 244, 245. 
Conway, Thos. A., 377. 
Conway, Timothy, 442. 
Cook, Aldrieh, 461. 
Cook, Capt. Asa M., 26. 
Cook, Chas. E., 465. 
Cook, Edwin H., 470. 
Cook, Herbert E., 470. 
Cook, Jacob B., 368. 



Index. 



493 



Cook, John, 348. 
Cook, John O., 486. 
Cook, Jonathan, Jr., 330. 
Cook, Phineas N., 470. 
Cook, Wm. P., 340. 
Cooper Street Armory, 254. 
Cootey, Capt. Philip J., 272, 

464. 
Copeland, Chas., 58. 
Copps, H. W., 335. 
Corcoran, Col., 34. 
Core Creek, 226. 
Corlew, Wm. R., 361. 
Cormick, Peter, 470. 
Cormick, Peter, Jr., 353. 
Corni.sh, E. D., 465. 
Corser, Geo. A., 426. 
Cottle, Albert, 476. 
Cottle, Edmund C, 411, 469. 
Cotton, Eli N., 484. 
Coiighhn, Daniel, 455. 
Courtney, D. J., 348. 
Cowdin, Col. Robt., 17. 
Cox, Lucian A., 461. 
Coyle, Peter, 377. 
Crabtree, Geo. Evans, 225. 
Cracklin, John F., 442. 
Crafts, Jos., 431. 
Cragin, Geo. N., 440. 
Craibe, Cha.s. I., 440. 
Craig, Thos. F., 336. 
Crane, Albert J., 325. 
Crawford, Jos. A., 394. 
Crocker, Josiah T., 466. 
Crockett, Chas. L., 411. 
Crook, Chas., 442. 
Crooker, Wm. J., 343. 
Croghan, John, 377. 
Crosby, Ariel, 426, 479. 
Crosby, Daniel G., 486. 
Crosby, Elkanah, 362. 
Crosby, Geo. L., 459. 
Crosby, George O., 481. 
Cro.sby, Jas. F., 400. 
Crosby, Lyman D., 325. 
Cross, Eben F., 455. 
Cro.ss, Geo. W., 336. 
Cross, John, 418. 
Crowell, Fred, 440. 
Crowell, Geo. M., 325. 
Crown, Wm. S., 446. 
Crowninshield, Jacob, 476. 
Crowlej^ Daniel, 349. 



Crowley, F. E., 431. 
Crowley, Wm., 433. 
Cub Run, 70. 

Cub Run Bridge, 75, 82, 86. 
Cummings, Mr., 248. 
Cummings, Aug. F., 461. 
Cummings, Everett, 470. 
Cummings, Francis, 411. 
Cummings, L. W., 476. 
Cummings, Wm. F., 486. 
Cummings, Wm. H., 411. 
Cunningham, Chas. C, 461. 
Cunningham, Jas., 382. 
Cunningham, Levi O., 422, 

478. 
Curran, Timothy, 446. 
Currell, E. G., 406. 
Currell, E. G., Jr., 406. 
Currier, Capt. Chas., 248, 

403, 404. 
Currier, C. Chas., Q. M.,438. 
Currier, Sidney, 344. 
Curtin, Andrew, 400. 
Curtin, Francis, 406. 
Curtis, F. J., 344. 
Curtis, Jas. W., 470. 
Curtis, John D., 433. 
Curtis, Wm. B., 389. 
Gushing, Frederic, 382. 
Gushing, H. H. D., 344. 
Gushing, Pyam, Jr., 344. 
Gushing, Robert, 466. 
Gushing, Lieut. W. B., 149. 
Gutter, Henry C, 475. 
Cutter, Jas. R., 442. 
Cutter, Stephen H., 470. 
Cutter, Wm. B., 476. 

Da Costa, B. F., 00, 322. 
Daley, John, 433. 
Dallon, Jeremiah, 353. 
Dallon, Michael, 377. 
Damon, Geo. A., 460. 
Dane, Wm. H., 344. 
Danforth, D. W., 411. 
Danforth, H. F., 12, 356. 
Danforth, Jos. C, 349. 
Danforth, Noble, 466. 
Dane, Wm. H., 77, 344. 
Daniels, F. D., 382. 
Daniels, G. W., 3S1. 
Daniels, Granville W., 444. 
Daniels, John B., 325. 



Daniels, Jos., 417. 
Daniels, Robert S., Jr., 387. 
Darling, George, 481. 
Darling, Seth W., 481. 
Dardiss, Thos., 433. 
Darling, Theodore, 406. 
Davis, Benj., 368. 
Davis, Chas. E., 259, 201, 

381. 
Davis, Chas. L., 336. 
Davis, Chas. W., 325. 
Davis, Daniel W., 23, 272, 

367, 416, 474. 
Davis, E. K., 369. 
Davis, Geo. W., 336. 
Davis, Geo. W. G., 336. 
Davis, Henry, 476. 
Davis, Capt. Isaac, 20. 
Davis, James, 446. 
Davis, Jeff, 94; Prayer for, 

112; 128. 
Davis, John, 476. 
Davis, John B., 411. 
Davis, John E., 362. 
Davis, Jos., 344. 
Davis, M. H., 377. 
Da\ds, M. M., 369. 
Davis, O. R., 369. 
Davis, Samuel, 406. 
Davis, S. Aug., 400. 
Davis, S. H., 540. 
Davis, Wm. L., 344. 
Davis, Wm. W., 367, 418. 
Davenport, Chas. H., 446. 
Davenport, David, 325. 
Davidson, E. A., 461. 
Davidson, Francis J., 481. 
Da\-idson, Henry, Jr., 325. 
Dawson, Frank, 340. 
Dean, Geo. J., 338. 
Dean, Henry U., 470. 
Dean, Henry W., 411. 
Dean, John, 336, 442. 
Dean, Jos. G., 353. 
Dearborn, Daniel H., 369, 

418. 
Dearborn, Geo. W., 411. 
Dearborn, Leandcr, 460. 
Dearing, Geo. A., 398. 
Dede, Herman, 345. 
Deegan, Philip, 442. 
Deep Gully, 238, 240, 264. 
Deering, E. M., 353. 



494 



Fifth Regiment, M.V.M. 



Delaney, Daniel, 395. 
Delano, F. E., 39.5. 
Dempsey, John H., 377. 
Denham, D. A., 406. 
Dennett, Nathaniel, 381. 
Dennis, John, 446. 
Dennison, Julius W., 466. 
Denny, D. Waldo, 206, 243. 
Denny, E. W., 380. 
Departure, 25, 128, 274. 
Derby, Amos L., 433. 
Derby, Jas., Jr., 351, 354. 
Deserters at Wenham, 129. 
Desmond, Peter, 377. 
" De Soto " Steamer, 29, 32. 
Devens, Maj. Chas., 26, 29. 
Devereaux, G. N., 369. 
De\nne, J. B., 377. 
DevUn, Thos., 377. 
Dexter, Geo. A., 433 
Dickens, J. W., 102, 112. 
Dickey, Neal S., 336. 
Dickson, Wm. E., 382, 395, 

444. 
Dill, Jabez P., 445. 
Dillaway, J. H., 382. 
Dillon, Jas. W., 375. 
Dispeau, Jas. F., 426. 
Ditson & Co., Oliver, 18. 
Diversions, 199. 
Dix, Gen. J. A., 245. 
Dix, Jos. O., 330. 
Dodge, C. S., 349. 
Dodge, Geo. S., 340. 
Dodge, John C., 389. 
Dodge, John S., 349. 
Dodge, O. J., 340. 
Doherty, Peter, 442. 
DolUver, S. R., 410, 468. 
Dominick, Jos., 325. 
Donallen, Dennison, 377. 
Donally, Thos., 461. 
Donegan, Jeremiah, 377. 
Donegan, Timothy, 377. 
Donohoe, Michael, 377. 
Dooley, Jas. A., 455. 
Dover Cross Roads, 227. 
Dow, Albert F., 77, 345. 
Dow, Geo. W., 77, 101, 358. 
Dow, Jas. A., 369. 
Dowds, John, 377. 
Dowire, Andrew, 433. 



Downing, Washington, Jr., 

476. 
Downs, Moses, Jr., 484. 
Dowst, Joshua W., 325. 
Doyle, H. N., 417. 
Doyle, M. B., 395. 
Doyle, Thos., 353. 
Doyle, Wm., 395. 
Doyle, Wm. J., 336. 
Doxology sung, 148. 
Draft-riot, 253. 
Drake, Alvin, Jr., 330. 
Draper, Geo. L., 446. 
Draper, Jas. D., 329. 
Draper, Samuel, 476. 
Drew, B. S., 23, 369. 
Drew, Capt. Caleb, 198, 366, 

416. 
Drink of whiskey, 195. 
Driver, Geo. N., 461. 
Drown, Albion H., 6, 455. 
Drown, Wm. P., 326. 
Drumey, John, 461. 
Duckrell, Wm. J., 345. 
Dudley, Jos. V., 466. 
Dugan, Mrs. L. A., 258. 
Dugan, Michael, 461. 
Dumas, Peter, 426. 
Dunbar, John, 378. 
Dunn, James, 432, 446. 
Durant, L. S., 450. 
Duren, Geo. W., 470. 
Durfee, E. B., 449. 
Durgin, John, 454. 
Durgin, John J., 395. 
Duryea's Zouaves, 285. 
Dusseault, Adolphus, 382. 
Dwelley, L. B. S., 440. 
Dwight, Jos. F., 336, 394. 
Dwyer, Thos., 406. 
Dyer, Edward F., 481. 

Eager, Frank R., 481. 
Fames, John H., 345. 
Earley, Patrick, 378. 
Early, Jubal, 283, 311. 
Eaton, Alpheus, 358. 
Eaton, Ahdn A., 330. 
Eaton, Geo. B., 475. 
Eaton, ^Marshall, 470. 
Eaton, Wm. B., 362. 
Edgerly, L. W., 418. 
Edmands, Dexter A., 476. 



Edmiston, Mr., 112. 
Edwards, Geo. W., 339. 
Edwards, N. M., 340. 
Edwards, J. L., 358. 
Edwards, Wesley, 486. 
Eldridge, Ebenezer, 400. 
Eldridge, Lewis Y., 450. 
Eldredge, Thos. (not Wm.), 

R., 172, 186, 400. 
Eliot, Pres. C. W., 120. 
Elizabeth City, 199, 201. 
Elliott, Wm., 382. 
ElUott, Winthrop F., 486. 
ElUs, F. N., 400. 
Ellis, George, 426. 
ElUs, Geo. A., 400. 
Ellis, Jas. A., 432. 
ElUs, Jas. K., 470. 
Ellis, Jas. W., 446. 
Ellis, W. H., 400. 
Ellison, Horace, 340. 
Ellsworth, Col. E. E., 41, 45, 

52. 
Elwell, H. W., 461. 
Ely, Hon. Afred, 77, 93, 94, 

95. 
Emerson, Albert O., 349. 
Emerson, Edward H., 340. 
Emerson, Edwin R., 481. 
Emerson, H. B., 418. 
Emerson, Thos., 58. 
Emerson, Wm. B., 345. 
Emery E. T. C, 362. 
Emmott, James, 383. 
Ernest, Anet, 442. 
" Escort," Steamer, 220. 
Esler, Geo. H., 395, 455. 
lEstes, John G., 358. 
Estes, J. H., 324. 
Estes, Robert G., 450. 
Eustis, H. E., 362. 
Eustis, H. W., 41, 330. 
Eustis, Jas., 68. 
Eustis, Joe, 76. 
Eustis, Jos. S., 330. 
Eustis, Wm. T., 117, 238, 

250, 267, 361, 373. 
Evans, King S., 395. 
Evans, Orin R., 389. 
Evans, Wm. D., 466. 
Everett, Edward, 120. 
Everett, Edward F., 416. 
Everett, Horace S., 418. 



Index. 



495 



Everttt, Walter, 23, 366, 416. 
Everett's poem, H. S., 219. 
Ewer, Geo. F., 466. 
Ewing, R. T., 395. 
Exchange, A word upon, 108. 

Fairbanks, Alonzo P., 461. 
Fairbanks, J. M., 330. 
Fairbanks, Levi, 400. 
Fairbanks, Rev. Mr., 22.* 
Fairfax Seminary, 53. 
Fales, Lowell E., 336. 
Falls Church, 54. 
Falls to his death, 130. 
Faneuil Hall, 19, 20, 23. 
Farley, Thos., 406. 
Farmer, Henry, 353. 
Farmer's Hotel, 224. 
Farmiloe, Edwin, 394. 
Farnham, A. N., 389. 
Farnham, Geo. A., 450. 
Farnsworth, L. H., 130, 151, 

152, 426, 478. 
Farrar, L. B., 353. 
Farrell, Wm., 77, 358. 
Fast Day, 278. 
Faunce, Wm. H., 466. 
Fay, Frederick, 481. 
Fellow, Henry F., 461. 
Ferguson, David, 349. 
Ferguson, Harvey C., 466. 
Ferguson, S. A., 3.58. 
Ferguson, T. T., 410, 412, 

439, 469. 
Fernald, Horace, 442. 
Ferrin, Myron J., 6, 485. 
Fett, Jacob, 406. 
Field, Fred. K. 348. 
Field, Freeman, 323. 
Fields, Jos. W., 484. 
Fifth R. L Volunteers, 220. 
Finley, John W., 450. 
Finney, Chas. E., 400. 
Finney, E. F., 398. 
Fire Zouaves, 45, 53, 64, 81, 

83, 86. 
Fish, Sumner, 77, 369. 
Fisher, Chas. R., 433. 
Fisher, Geo. S., 400. 
Fisher, Lyman, 481. 
Fiske, Wilbur A., 466. 
Fiske, Wm. F., 431. 
Fitzgerald, John, 442, 461. 



Fitzpatrick, Daniel, 349. 
Fitzpatrick, F. F., 353. 
Fitzpatrick, T. B., 336. • 
Flagg, Chas., 411. 
Flagg, Geo. A., 411, 469. 
Flagg, Jas. H., 381. 
Flagless patriots, 112. 
Flag-pole raised, 60. 
Flag presented, 49. 
Flag-raising, 219, 250. 
Flag-staff, New, 203. 
Flags, Return of, 315. 
Flanagin, M. J., 289, 476. 
Flanders, Chas. E., 446. 
Flanders, Edward P., 486. 
Flanders, R. M., 485. 
Fletcher, A. W., 49. 
Fletcher, Bernard, 412. 
Fletcher, C. N., 330. 
Fletcher, J. M., 345. 
Fletcher, S. W., 345. 
" Flora Temple," 286, 302. 
Floyd, D. O., 369. 
Flynn, Jeremiah, 426. 
Flynn, John, 378. 
Flynn, John J., 442. 
Fogg, George, 426. 
Fogg, Geo. F., 340. 
Foley, Michael, 378. 
Foley, Patrick W., 349. 
Folger, John H., 470. 
Foraging, 147, 184. 
Ford, H. W., 349. 
Ford, John F., 326. 
Ford, Wm. E., 486. 
Forest, Moses, 349. 
Fort Anderson, 264. 
Fort Carroll, 285. 
Fort Clarke, 201, 208. 
Fort Ellsworth, 52, 60, 62, 64. 
Fort Federal Hill, 285, 294. 

296, 313. 
Fort Hatteras, 208. 
Fort McHenry, 279, 281, 282, 

284, 288, 292, 298. 
Fort Marshall, 285, 300, 301. 
Fort Totten, 135, 197, 198, 

203. 
Fortress Monroe, oO, 245. 
Forts about Washington, 269. 
Fortifying, 193, 196. 
Forty-fourth Massachusetts 

goes Home, 241. 



Foss, Chas. H., 412. 

Foss, Granville C, 466. 

Foss, Jos., 400. 

Foster, Chas., 323, 433. 

Foster, Davis, 330. 

Foster, Edward, 76, 101, 336. 

Foster, Geo. B., 340. 

Foster, Gen. J. G., 135, 146, 

159, 160, 173, 177, 186, 

192, 193, 195, 211, 221; 

Birthday, 237; Reception, 

251; Fort Rowan, 135, 264. 
Foster, John M., 375, 389. 
Foster, Wm. B., 455. 
Fowler, Hervey P., 418. 
Fowler, S. D., 345. 
Fowler, S. W., 340. 
Fowler, Walter C, 465. 
Fox, Edward, 336. 
Fox, Edward G., 393, 454. 
" Fragment," 103. 
Frail, H. M., 400. 
Franklin, Asa M., 461. 
Franklin, Benj. A., Jr., 470. 
Franklin, Maj. Jones, 238, 

2.57. 
Franklin, Gen. Wm. B., 63, 

64, 70, 71, 81. 
Freeman, Chas. H., 446. 
Freeman, S. Frank, 446. 
French, Jairus, 442. 
French, Samuel A., 476. 
French, Samuel R., 412, 469. 
French, Wm. C, 336. 
Frietchie, Barbara, 311. 
Frizzell, James, 442. 
Frost, James, 340. 
Frost, Wm. S., 421, 478. 
Frothingham, F. E., 369. 
Frothingham, J. B., 369. 
Fry, Gen. Jas. B., 64, 271. 
Frye, Timothy, 470. 
Fuller, Chas. E., 41, 307, 309, 

412, 468. 
Fuller, Geo. H., 326. 
Fuller, M. Aug., 439. 
Furfey, Patrick, 447. 

Gabriel, Chas., 455. 
Gabriel, Wm. E., 336, 395. 
Gadd, Geo. W., 476. 
Gage, Geo. L., 450. 
Gage, Moses H., 455. 



496 



Fifth Regiment, M.V.M. 



Gagen, Chas., 378. 
Gahn, Jos., 455. 
Gaitley, Patrick, 349. 
Galeucia, Perley, 389. 
Galeucia, S. B., 389, 450. 
Gallagher, Dr., 265. 
Gallagher, John, 378. 
Gammons, Chas. A., 336. 
Gardner, Abel, 326. 
Gardner, Chas., 326. 
Gardner, George, 455. 
Garland, B. F., 362. 
Garner, Jas., 406. 
Garrity, Patrick, 433. 
Garty, James, 353. 
Gary, Edwin F., 418. 
Gately, John, 442. 
Gates, Ephraim, Jr., 460. 
Gates, Jerome S., 461. 
Gates, Lyman, 481. 
Gay, Edwin W., 466. 
Gay, John P., 418. 
Gee, Nathaniel, 406. 
Gibbs, Wm., 426. 
Gibson, Wm. T., 362. 
Gifford, Albert D., 336. 
Gilbert, Jas., 389. 
Gilbert, John H., 455. 
Gile, Phinando N., 349. 
Giles, Chas. H., 326. 
Giles, J. Frank, 362. 
Giles, Jos. J., 6, 63, 362. 
Gilford, Wm. F., 358. 
Gillespie, John E., 433. 
Gilman, Granville, 476. 
Gilman, John T., 326. 
Gilmer, Harry W., 283, 285. 
Gilmore, John S., 486. 
Gilmore's Band, 89. 
Gilson, Henry E., 259, 383 (3) 
Gilson, Wm., 406. 
Ginn, Jas. F., 345, 405. 
Girouard, J. B., 425, 426. 
Gleason, Albert, Jr., 412. 
Gleason, Alfred D., 460. 
Gleason, D. W., 433. 
Glidden, A. F., 383. ' 
Glidden, Jos. H., 326. 
Glynn, Chas. F., 450. 
Gljim, Thos., 362, 410. 
Goff, Wm. C, 464. 
Going home, 243. 
Goldsboro, 1.59, 260, 264. 



Goldsboro Expedition, 157; 

]Map, 158. 
Goldsmith, Horace, 476. 
Goode, Thomas, 481. 
Goodrich, Geo. H., 389. 
Goodrich, H. D., 447. 
Goodwin, Benj., 442. 
Goodwin, Chas. A., 442. 
Goodwin, Jas. W., 353. 
Goodwin, Walter H., 447. 
Gordon, Chas. H., 193, 418. 
Gorham, C. E., 349. 
Goss, Jas. F., 418. 
Gossom, E. D., 336, 455. 
Gott, Lemuel, 291, 481. 
Gould, A. H., 340. 
Gould, R. D., 340. 
Gould, Thos., 406. 
Gould, Wm. A., 465. 
Gowell, John M., 400. 
Gowen, John, 476. 
Grace, Wm. L., 455. 
Graham, Geo. S., 450. 
Grammer, W. T., 229, 245, 

248, 268, 288, 291, 302, 

409, 438. 
Grandy, H. E., 362. 
Grant, General, 269, 290. 
Grant, Chas. E., 466. 
Grant, Geo. W., 455. 
Grant, John, 442. 
Grant, M. C, 336. 
Grant, Samuel, 433. 
Graves, John, Jr., 389. 
Gray, A. W., 406. 
Gray, Col. C. O., killed, 169. 
Gray, E. H., 400. 
Gray, Wm. B., 353. 
Great Review, 200. 
Green, Daniel L., 455. 
Green, Jas. F., 375. 
Green, Thos. B., 395. 
Greene, Geo. H., 329. 
Greene, J. D., 10, 32, 38, 55, 

59, 62, 320. 
Greene, John E., 470. 
Greene, Michael, 376. 
Greenleaf, J. W., 400. 
Greenleaf, M. N., 341. 
Greensboro, 307. 
Greenwood, M. F., 383. 
Greenwood, M. M., 400. 
Gregory, F. M., 352. 



Grenache, Claude, 130, 151, 

426. 
Griffin, Frank, 442. 
Griffin, Martin, 378. 
Griffin's Battery, 83. 
Griggs, J. H., 76, 101, 331. 
Grist, Jas. R., 139. 
Grist place, 265. 
Groton (Conn.), 89. 
Grout, Lieut. J. W., 79. 
Grover, Geo. H., 486. 
Grover, Jas., Jr., 358. 
Grover, Wm. W., 486. 
Guarding the polls, 303. 
Guild, Gov. C. H., 258. 
Guilford, E. H., 357. 
Gum Swamp, 231; passage 

through, 234, 235, 262. 
Guns distributed, 136. 
Gurowski, Adam, 36. 
Gurry, John, 442. 
Gushee, F. A., 341. 
Gustin, Lorenzo, 466. 
Gwinn, Chas. H., 326. 

Hackett, Harrison, 358. 
Hadley, Aaron S., 485. 
Hadley, Chas. R., 345. 
Hadley, Ephraim W., 410, 

469. 
Hadley, Geo. H., 486. 
Hadley, Henry, 470. 
Hadley, Horace L., 389. 
Hadlock, Wm. E., 476. 
Hale, Geo. H., 445. 
Hale, Jos., Jr., 363. 
Haley, Peter B., 383. 
Hall, Abiather, 412. 
Hall, Chaplain E. H., 258. 
Hall, Geo. F., 352. 
Hall, Geo. G., 401. 
Hall, H. H., 401 
Hall, Jas. H., 486. 
Hall, Jeremiah G., 401. 
Hall, Jos. W., 401, 471. 
Hall, Luther, 401, 471. 
Hall, Samuel S., 447. 
Hall, Thos., 378. 
Hall, Thos. J., 410, 469. 
Hall, Wm. H., 450. 
Hallahan, Daniel, 383. 
Halliday, Fred P., 471. 
Ham, Frederic, 396. 



Index. 



497 



Ham, Henry E., 3S9. 
Hamlin, Hannibal, 54. 
Hamilton, 144, 146, 147. 
Hamilton, Chas. L., 450. 
Hamilton, Geo., 376. 
Hammack, J. D., 49. 
Hammond, David P., 476. 
Hammond, Geo. A., 456. 
Hammond, H. G., 363. 
Handy, Chas. F., 466. 
Hanham, Wm. C., 349. 
Hanley, Wm., 378. 
Hannaford, E. F., 77, 363. 
Hanson, Joseph, 383. 
Harding, A. W., 418. 
Harding, C. H., 378. 
Harding, Frederick H., 418, 

476. 
Harding, Stephen, 406. 
Harding, Wm., 406. 
Harding, W. F., 369. 
Hardy, Henry C, 418. 
Hardy, Stephen E., 466. 
Hardy, Wm. A., 6, 186, 230, 

231, 396. 
Harlow, Thos. S., 123. 
Harney, Jas. M., 456. 
Harold, B. E., 442. 
" Harriet Lane," Steamer, 41. 
Harriman, Archibald, 486. 
Harriman, Franklin, 486. 
Harriman, Hiram, 471. 
Harriman, H. G., 401. 
Harrington, Arthur, 418. 
Harrington, C. T., 331. 
Harrington, Geo. E., 433. 
Harrington, Geo. E., 450. 
Harrington, Geo. S., 466. 
Harrington, John, 361, 380. 
Harrington, John G., 456. 
Harrington, Thos. J., 456. 
Harrington, Wm. H., 389. 
Harris, Geo. F., 363. 
Hart, Edward, 447. 
Hart, Geo. O., 358. 
Hart, Henry T., 412. 
Hart, John F., 331. 
Hart, J. W., 324. 
Hart, S. P., 389. 
Hartford, E. G., 426. 
Hartranft, Col. J. F., 85. 
Hartsfield, Mrs. J. L., 258 
Hartshorn, E. H., 481. 



Hartshorn, Hollis, 406. 
Hartshorn, Jos. W., 401. 
Hartwell, A. A., 331. 
Hartwell, D. A., 383. 
Harvey, Jas. A., 349. 
Harwood Tobacco Factory, 

95, 96. 
Haskell, Alfred, 345, 403. 
Hastings, Aug. L., 426, 481. 
Hastings, E. L., 426. 
Hastings, E. M., 462. 
Hastings, H. N., 127, 410. 
Hatch, D. G., 353. 
Hatch, E. K., 349. 
Hatch, John Q., 476. 
Hatch, John W., 447. 
Hatch, Joshua, Jr., 341. 
Hatch, Seth, 456. 
Hatteras, 208, 228, 238, 244. 
Hatteras Inlet, 199. 
Hatton, Jas., 336. 
Haven, Lewis E., 450. 
Havlin, Michael, 383. 
Havre-de-Grace, 313. 
Hawes, W. L., 381. 
Hawkins, Edwin D., 486. 
Hawkins, H. M., 345. 
Hayden, F. W., 331. 
Hayden, Wm. H., Jr., 332. 
Hayes, Jefferson, 484. 
Hayes, Patrick, 383. 
Hayes, Wm., 336. 
Hayford, Seth, 407. 
Haynes, Amory S., 422, 424, 

434, 479. 
Haynes, D. J., 339. 
Hayward, Alex. M., 332. 
Hazel, Thos. W., 421. 
Headquarters Freedmen's 

Bureau, Newbern, 218. 
Heald, T. F., 353. 
Healey, P. G., 349. 
Heath, Benj., 471. 
Heath, Timothy W., 447. 
Heintzelman, Col. S. P., 53, 

64, 69, 82. 
" Heirs-at-Law, The," 293.- 
Hendarlcin, Timothy, 407. 
Hendrickson, Mr., 112. 
Henry, Guy V., 64. 
Henry, Wm. E., 462. 
Henry House (l910), 86. 



Henrj' House in Battle Days, 

74, 81. 
Henry, Judith, 74. 
Herman, Conrad, Jr., 336. 
Herrick, Chas. F., 466. 
Herrick, Winslow, 465. 
Hersey, Ahnn H., 485. 
Hersum, Greenleaf, 341. 
Hertel, Fred. W., 456. 
Hervey, Frank, 407, 408. 
Hettler, Thos., 77, 349. 
Hewes, Alex. H., 394, 454. 
Hewitt, Henry, 486. 
Hibbard, C. A., 358. 
Hicks, Gov. T. H., 31. 
Higgins, H. W., 369. 
Higgins, Thos., 378. 
Higginson, Lewis, 466. 
Hildreth, E. H., 326. 
Hildreth, John P., 418. 
Hildreth, Reuben, 418. 
Hildreth, S. G., 450. 
Hildreth, Wm. H., 389, 391, 

449. 
Hill, Chas., 412. 
Hill, Chas. W., 193, 426. 
Hill, Gen. D.H., 204 ,207, 208. 
Hill, Frank, 476. 
Hill, James, 326. 
Hill, Jas. G., 466. 
Hill, James W. R., 348. 
Hill, John Q., 451, 457. 
Hill, Jos. C, 349. 
Hilhard, Frank S., 466. 
Hills, T. Aug., 460. 
Hilton, Amos S., 364, 416. 
Hilton, Chas. C, 433. 
Hilts, Chas. F., 433. 
Hinchey, Thos., 376. 
Hinckley, Dexter B., 462. 
Hinckley, Geo. W., 383. 
Hines, Ira, 407. 
Hines, John M., 3.58. 
Hitchborn, Henry G., 336, 

476. 
Hitchings, Lawson, 396. 
Hobart, Geo. W., 76, 336. 
Hobbs, Chas. E., 444, 445. 
Hodgdon, J. K., 363. 
Hodges, Geo. F., 72, 322. 
Hodgkins, G. A. S., 363. 
Hodsdon, Alfred, 363. 
Hodson, Henry, 447. 



32 



498 



Fifth Regiment, M.V.M. 



Hogg, Brown & Taylor, 17. 
Holbrook, A. J., 152, 398. 
Holbrook, S. E., Jr., 335. 
Holden, Albert N., 486. 
Holden, Lewis C, 482. 
Holden, H. R., 249, 388. 
Holland, C. H., 384. 
Holland, Henry, Jr., 451. 
Holland, Wm. A., 466. 
Hollander, C. B., 384. 
Hollander, Mother of C. B., 

198. 
Hollis, Fred. A., 456. 
Hollis, Wm. L., 4.56. 
Holman, Ahnn, 447. 
Holman, H. A., 345. 
Holmes, E. A., 456. 
Holmes, V. E], 341. 
Holmes, P. M., 369. 
Holmes, Warren A., 418. 
Holmes' Hole, 130, 131. 
Holt, Samuel L., 421. 
Holt, Stephen A., 426. 
" Home Again," 92. 
" Home, Sweet Home," 246, 

252. 
Homeward Bound, 87, 243 

312. 
Homer, Capt. Geo. H., 272, 

293, 439, 457. 
Hooker, D. S., Jr., 407. 
Hooper, Chas. O., 471. 
Hooper, Geo. E., 378, 486. 
Hopkins, E. S., 446. 
Hopkins, Geo. E., 398. 
Hopkins, Jas. R., 363. 
Hopkins, L. F., 412. 
Hopkins, L. P., 447. 
Home, Geo K., 410. 
Home, Geo. W., Jr., 433. 
Horton, Jas. A., 462, 482. 
Hosea, I. F. R., 343. 
Hosmer, Cyrus S., 77, 101 

352. 
Hosmer, Orran S., 332. 
" Hot Lemonade," 251. 
Houghton, B. S., 192, 431. 
Howard, Byron W., 486. 
Howard, Fred. A., 433. 
Howard, Jas., 407. 
Howard, John H., 326, 328 
Howard, O. O., 64. 



Howard, Capt. Thos. F., 229, 

230, 267, 393. 
Howe, Chas. A., 433. 
Howe, E. D., 6, 426, 427, 430. 
Howe, Elias, Jr., 55, 56. 
Howe, Eugene L., 482. 
Howe, Frederick, 442. 
Howe, Geo. A., 482. 
Howe, Geo. L., 482. 
Howe, Geo. W., 427. 
Howe, Humphrey, 407 
Howe, John H., 482. 
Howe, Lewis T., 422. 
Howe, PUny R., 363. 
Howe, Dr. S. G., 44. 
Howe, Wallace, 427. 
Howes, Alvin C, 442. 
Howes, Edmn, 401. 
Howes, Henry F., 401, 414. 
Howes, Horatio, 398. 
Howes, Micajah C, 433, 451. 
Hoyt, D. E., 374. 
Hoyt, D. W., 349. 
Hoyt, Henry D., 332. 
Hoyt, John A., 358. 
Hoyt, John H., 77, 101, 345 
Hoyt, Van B., 339. 
Hovey, M. M., 353. 
Hubbard, H. N., 347. 
Hudson, H. A., 462. 
Huff, Geo. H., 456. 
" Hunchback," 205, 210. 
Hunt, Perley M., 471. 
Hunt, S. C, 323, 369. 
Hunter, Col. Da\dd, 64, 69 

82, 84. 
Hunter, M. C, 456. 
Hunter, Pat. Henry, 378. 
Huntington, H. W., 419. 
Hurd, Luther, 447. 
Hurd, Surg. S. H., 439. 
Hurd, Wm. H., 326, 4.39, 484. 
Hurlburt, Jas. D., 427. 
Huston, W. W., 384. 
Hutchins, Capt. John, 11, 79, 

342. 
Hutchinson, B. F., 389. 
Hutchinson, C. K., 389. 
Hyde, R. J., 363. 

Illustrations' — Medal of Hon- 
or, 21 ; Uniform, B and 1,21; 
Regimental Kitchen, 35; 



Charging up Steep Hill, 39; 
Why Don't You Take it? 
40; Cavalry Quarters, 43; 
Long Bridge, 48; Old Stone 
House, 70; Henry House 
in Battle Days, 74; Cub- 
Run Bridge, 75; Henry 
House (l910), 86; Home 
Again, 92; Parish Prison, 
N. O., 104; P. P. Interior, 
108; Old Cotton Mill, SaUs- 
bury, 115; Residence of J. 
R. Grist, 1.39; Kinston, 
167; Whitehall, 171; Golds- 
boro, 181; Camp Peirson, 
194; Headquarters, Freed- 
men's Bureau, Newbern, 
218; Joe Sinclair's Dog, 
250; Newbern Monument, 
256;' Fort McHenry, 282; 
Bombardment of Fort Mc- 
Henry, 292; Fort Federal 
Hill, 294; Whiting's Pass, 
299; Fort Marshall, 301; 
Map of Baltimore, 463. 

Indian Clubs, 201. 

Ingalls, Amos P., 389. 

Ingalls, James, 419. 

Ingalls, Wm., 374. 

Ingoldsby Legend, 289. 

Ireland, Edward C, 433. 

Ireland, H. A., 345. 

Ireland, Jas. L., 447. 

I vers, R. A., 401. 

Jacobs, Andrew N., 451. 
Jacobs, Aug., 465. 
Jacobs, Geo. F., 390. 
Jacobs, H. B., 345. 
Jackman, Wm., 396. 
Jackson, Chas. E., 440. 
Jackson, Edward P., 440. 
Jackson, H. H., 341. 
Jackson, Jas. M., 455. 
Jackson, J. W., 41. 
Jackson, Miss., 97. 
Jackson Square, 36. 
Jackson, " Stonewell," 74. 
James, Frank A., 447. 
James, George, 419. 
James, John, 407. 
Jameson, Andrew, 412. 
Jeffard, J. F., 353. 



Index. 



499 



Jeffrey, J. N., 324. 
Jenkins, Ellis, 401. 
Jenkins, Horatio, Jr., 363. 
Jersey City, 313. 
Jewell, Chas. H., 486. 
Jewett, J. H., 384. 
Jillson, Jas., 427. 
" Jim " and iiis mother, 24. 
" John," 55. 
Jones, Andrew B., 486. 
Jones, Chas., .396. 
Jones, Edward, 462. 
Jones, Capt. E. J., 254. 
Jones, Eliphalet J., 401. 
Jones, Enoch C, 401. 
Jones, George, 484. 
Jones, Geo. H., 439. 
Jones, Howard, 456. 
Jones, James B., 401. 
Jones, John F., 487. 
Jones, Col. J. R., 232. 
Jones, J. Wesley, 49. 
Jones, L. F., 413. 
Jones, M. D., 336. 
Jones, Oscar, 462, 466. 
Jones, Perez C, 487. 
Jones, Samuel, 358. 
Jones, Wm., 433. 
Jones, Wm. E., 407. 
Johnson, A. N., 353. 
Johnson, Chas. A., 353. 
Johnson, F. E., 390, 451. 
Johnson, F. W., 445 (2). 
Johnson, Henrj-, 353. 
Johnson, John H., 412. 
Johnson, Jos., 363, 410. 
Johnson, L. E., 396. 
Johnston, Major, 300. 
Johnston, Jas. R., 452, 482. 
Johnston, Gen. Joe, 69. 
Jordan, Henry L., 476. 
Jordan, Jas. W., 427. 
Jourdan, John, 427, 430. 
Journal, Boston, 23. 
Joyce, Patrick, 433. 
Judge, C. W., 341. 
July 4, 60. 
June 17, 58. 

Kaler, Cornelius, 341. 
Kane, Marshall G. P., 285. 
Keefe, Jas. J., 456. 
Keenan, James, 487. 



Keene, A. C, 407. 
Keene, Henry C, 485. 
Keene, Lewis H., 345, 442. 
Keene, Wm. W., 322. 
Keffe, Wm., 378. 
Kehew, F. A., 358. 
Kehew, John H., 326. 
Kehoe, Geo. H., 369. 
Keith, Henry A., 467. 
Kellej-, Edward, 358. 
Kelley, Geo. A., 413, 469. 
Kelley, Jas. W., 358. 
Kelley, Michael, 375. 
Kelley, Thos. B., 358. 
Kellej-, Walter C, 475. 
Kelly, Owen, 487. 
Kenah, Ezra B., 419, 475. 
Kandall, Wm. T., 413. 
Kennefick, Patrick, 378. 
Kennedy, E. H., 456. 
Kennedy, James, 433. 
Kennedy, Jos. W., 250. 
Kenney, John, 378. 
Kent, John, 397. 
Key, Francis Scott, 281, 292, 

311. 
Keyes, H. W., 29, 33, 46, 59, 

62, 321. 
Keyes, Sumner W., 482. 
Kidder, Alanson F., 476. 
Kidder, Geo. H., 332. 
Kief, Thos., 341. 
Kiernan, F. T., 341. 
ICilborn, Albert, 337. 
Ivilborn, Chas., 363. 
liilborne, W. A., 413. 
Kilham, Geo. W., 337, 393, 

454. 
Killduff, Wm. J., 442. 
Kimball, Chas., 376. 
ffimball, Chas. E., 390. 
Kimball, Chas H., 387. 
Kimball, Chas. L., 467. 
Kimball, Chas. M., 6, 412 (2), 

413. 
Kimball, Geo. A., 384. 
Kimball, Geo. U., 405. 
Kimball, G. W., 288, 413, 

472. 
Kimball, Hiram A., 390. 
Kimball, I. W., 407. 
Kimball, L. B., 456. 
Kimball, Wm. L., 358. 



Kingi Jos. E., 396. 
Kingman, John, 485. 
Kingsbury, Geo. G., 467. 
Kingsbury, L. H., Jr., 398. 
Kingsley, A. A. (2), 401. 
Kinsley, F. R., 360. 
Kinsley, Wallace, 380. 
Kinsley, Willard C, 63, 363. 
Kinston, 163, 164. 
Kirby, J. W., 463. 
Kttridge, Rev. A. E., 23. 
Knapp, Samuel, 447. 
Knight, Jason H., 329. 
Knowles, Chas. K., 341. 
Knowlton, Jas. H., 288, 413, 

472. 
Knowlton, Samuel, 221. 
Knox, Jos. H., 417. 
Knox, Jos. J., 413, 472. 
Kulm, Chas. H., 345. 
Kurtz, Chas., 428. 

Lahey, Michael, 485. 
Laighton, Thos., 396. 
Lake, Alpheus A., 337, 456. 
Lamb, Edward C, 442. 
Lamon, Geo. W., 413. 
Lamos, Chas. T., 349. 
" Lancet," Gunboat, 200. 
Lancy, S. O., 428. 
Lander, F. A., 405. 
Lander, Wm. D., 456. 
Lander, Gen. F. W., 123. 
Lander, Camp, 124. 
Lane, Charles, 485. 
Lane, C. D. W., 369, 370. 
Lane, F. L., 76. 
Lane, Geo., 19. 
Lane, Frank W., 337. 
Lang, Alfred T., 443. 
Larrabee, Wm. H., 422. 
Larreau, Edward, 463. 
Latham, Andrew M., 484." 
Latham, Stephen B., 482. 
Lauriat, Geo. W., 352. 
Lavally, Louis, 482. 
Lawrence, Color Bearer, shot," 

72. I 

Lawrence, Daniel W., 16, 439^ 

462. ; ^ 

Lawrence, Eber H., 288, 4:l3x 

472. --' 

Lawrence, L. P., 345. ' 



500 



Fifth Regiment, M.V.M. 



LaT^Tence, Roswell, 482. 
Lawrence, S. A., 462, 463. 
Lawrence, Gen. S. C, front., 

6, 10, 19, 26, 29, 30, 38, 

46, 49, 51, 55, 60, 63, 65, 

71, 72, 76, 81, 90, 91, 92, 

248, 318, 319. 
Lawrence, Wm., 407. 
Lawrence, Wm. H., 77, 343. 
Lawrence, Wm. H. H., 467. 
Leach, Aug. H., 472. 
Leach, Chas. E., 396. 
Leach, Harris, 358. 
Leache, Josiah, Jr., 353. 
Leavitt, I. P., 326. 
Leavitt, J. W., 384. 
LeBaron, Jos. S., 413. 
Ledwith, Bernard, 443. 
Lee, Col. H. C, 140, 141, 160, 

186, 192, 200, 219, 243. 
Lee, John W., 358. 
Lee, Lyman W., 405. 
Lee, Nicholas, 384. 
Lee, Gen. Rob't E., 59. 
Leighton, Nehemiah, 349. 
Leman, Fred. W., 419. 
Lenahan, M. W., 456. 
Leonard, A. G., 450. 
Leonard, Jas., 326. 
Leonard, M. B., 451. 
Leonard, Wendell, 443. 
Leonard, Wm., 472. 
Leonard, Wm. A., 378. 
Leslie, Albert S., 337. 
Le Terre, E. L., 417. 
Lethbridge, Willard H., 467. 
Letters from camp, 153. 
Letters from Cape Cod boy, 

125, 152, 1.55, 164, 170, 174. 
Letters from Darius Baker, 

142. 
Letters from E. A. Perry, 142, 

etc. 
Letters from prisoner, 114. 
Le\-itt, John C, 384. 
Lewis, Aug. B., 345. 
Lewis, Chas. E., 396. 
Lewis, Chas. H., 476. 
Lewis, Geo. F., 447. 
Lewis, "Limber," 263. 
Libbey, Allen, 402. 
Libby, Chas. W., 6, 297, 456, 

457. 



Libby, Henrj-, 326. 
Lincoln, Chas. E., 419. 
Lincoln, Edwin H., 399. 
Lincoln, Geo. E., 384. 
Lincoln, Geo. W., 443. 
Lincoln, James, Jr., 398. 
Lincoln, Josh. W., 337. 
Lincoln, President, 45, 56, 57, 

119. 
Lincoln, Revere, 467. 
Lindley, Austin W., 433. 
Linehan, Dennis, 3.59. 
Linnell, Jos., 413. 
Litchfield, Jos. V., 407. 
Litchfield, Lorenzo, 472. 
Little, Geo. H., 387, 449. 
Little, James, 413. 
Littlefield, Clarence, 6, 286, 

472. 
Li^dngston, B. T., 354. 
Livingston, M. V., 341. 
Locke, Jas. D., 407. 
Locke, Capt. J. W., 12, 329. 
Locke, Wm. E., 384. 
Lockwood, Gen. H. H., 278. 
Loftus, M. J., 428. 
Long, John, 378. 
Long Bridge, 41, 46, 47, 48, 

49. 
Lonsdale, Jas., 451. 
Looney, Timothy, 407. 
Lord, BjTon, 332. 
Lord, Chas. L., 337. 
Lord, Geo. H., 332. 
Lord, Henrj- T., 413. 
Lord, Lewis O., 345. 
Lord, Stephen, 407. 
Loring, Benj. J., Jr., 354. 
Loring, F. A., 345. 
Loring, Geo. H. M., 476. 
Loring, John H., 369. 
Lothrop, Dr. S. K., 199. 
Loud, A. J., 324. 
Loud, Geo. W., 463. 
Loureiro, Constantine, 476. 
Love storj', 56. 
Love, Walter W., 443. 
Lovejoy, A. B., 413. 
Lovejoy, Fred A., 476. 
Loveless, Eli W., 384. 
Lovering, Henry, 447. 
Lovett, Fred H., 467. 
Low, Geo. H., 390. 



Low, Isaac M., 77, 101, 349. 
Low, Solomon, 548. 
Lowe, Isaac, 77. 
Lowe, Jas. W., 359. 
Lowell, F. H., 428. 
Lufkin, Wm., 326. 
Lunt, George, 9. 
Lunt, Wm. J., 390. 
Lutted, Wm., 440. 
Lyman, Jos. D., 434. 
Lyman, Richard F., 482. 
Lynch, John, 396. 
Lynde, Gran\'ille, 487. 
Lj-nn, 125. 

Lyon, Walter F., 467. 
Lyons, John E., 354. 
Lyons, Jos. W., 467. 

McAlear, Jas., 407. 

McAUaster, Benj. F., 476. 

McAnaney, Thos., 402. 

McAuslan, Jas., 463. 

Mc.4uslan, Wm. H., 419, 474. 

McCabe, Jas. F., 434, 456. 

McBride, Michael, 4.34. 

McCall, Peter, 487. 

McCart, Jas., 447. 

.McCarta, E. S., 402. 

McCarty, Daniel, 378. 

McClannin, Jos. W., 466. 

McClelland, Hon. G. W., 49. 

McCloud, James, 378. 

McCloud, John, 337. 

McCloud, Peter, 378. 

McCormick, Jas. H., 447. 

McCurdy, Geo. A., 249, 402. 

McCurdy, Jas., 447. 

McDa\dtt, Wm., 349. 

McDermot, Frank, 447. 

McDonald, Geo. W., exe- 
cuted, 291. 

Macdonald, Jas. P., 476. 

McDonald, Jos. H., 456. 

McDonald, Lawrence, 378. 

McDonald, Wm., 286. 

McDowell, Gen. Irvin, 36, 53, 
63, 64, 68, 70. 

McDuffie, Hugh, 359. 

Mace, H. W., 463. 

McEleney, Philip J., 456. 

McElroy, Edward, 375. 

McElroy, Edward, 396. 

McFarland, Chas., 77, 359. 



Index. 



501 



McFarland, Wm., 396. 
McGee, Edward, 332. 
McGee, John, 463. 
McGillicuddy, Daniel, 155, 

407. 
McGillicuddy, Jas., 407. 
McGilpin, John, 443. 
McGrath, John, 375. 
McGrath, Patrick, 378. 
McHenry, Jas., 281. 
Mclntire, Jas., 456. 
Mclntire, John, 428. 
Mclntire, John, 337, 458. 
Mclntyre, Geo. A., 443. 
Mack, Edward A., 456. 
McKay, E. W., 390. 
McKay, Gordon, 332. 
McKay, John, 487. 
McKay, Thos. M., 332. 
McKendry, Frank, 460. 
McKenzie, John, 332. 
McKeon, Frank, 443. 
McKinney, Andrew, 407. 
Mackintire, Chas., 390. 
McKibbin, R. B., 249. 
McLean, John F., 466. 
McLeod, Geo. H., 394. 
McLeod, John, 396, 458. 
McMahon, Michael, 349. 
McMaster, J. N., 445. 
McNamara, Frank, 443. 
McNamara, John, 487. 
McNamara, Jos. D., 434. 
Macomber, Chas., 456. 
Macon, Michael, 443. 
McSweeney, Bernard, 77, 

101, 349. 
Madden, Thos. F., 456. 
Magoon, Hon. T., 17. 
Maguire, Thos., 396. 
Mahoney, Jas., 378. 
Mahoney, Sylvester, 378. 
Mail for Fifth arrives, 156. 
Mallon, Andrew J., 419. 
Manassas, 93. 
Mankin's Woods, 276, 277. 
Mann, Chas. H., 419. 
Mann, E. C, 6, 380. 
^Manning, Chas. L., 390. 
Manning, Jas., 345. 
Manning, Lewis A., 387, 479. 
T^Ianning, Wm., 384. 
Mansir, John, 402. 



Mansfield, Ezra A., 467. 
Mansfield, Gen. J. K. F., 46, 

49. 
Mansfield, John R., 326. 
Mansfield, Theo. F., 467. 
Maps: — Washington to Bull 

Run, 67; Bull Run Battle- 
field, 83; N. C. Coast, 132; 

Goldsboro Expedition, 158; 

Goldsboro Battlefield, 175. 
Map of Baltimore, 436. 
March Bros., 23. 
Marchand, Allen, 402. 
Marden, Charles, 396. 
Marden, David, 472. 
Marden, Capt. Geo. H., 272, 

334, 393, 453. 
Marden, John E., 393, 454. 
Marden, John W., 390. 
Marion, Horace E., 6, 257, 

413, 469. 
Marple, S. R., 394. 
Marsh, Geo. A., 451. 
Marsh, Geo. E., 6, 257, 390, 

391. 
Marshall, C. G., 359. 
Marshall, James, 378. 
Marshall House, 41, 45. 
Martha's Vineyard Camp, 

120. 
Martin, John W., 4S7. 
Martin, Thos., 413. 
" Maryland, My Marj-land," 

307. 
Mason, Chas. L., 450. 
Mason, Daniel, 456. 
Mason, E. H., 407. 
Mason, Jos. F., 417. 
iMason, Theo. L., 419. 
Mason, William, 443. 
Mass. Regts. at Newbern, 

135, 189. 
Matthews, Ebenezer B., 407. 
Matthews, Edmund, 398. 
Maxfield, Jas., Jr., 326. 
Maxfield, John M., 355. 
May, Wm. O., 349. 
Maynard, Geo. W., 259, 384. 
Maynard, John F., 467. 
Meader, John K., 249, 419. 
Means, Rev. IVIr., supt. of 

freedmen, 193. 
Means, Geo. W., 407. 



Medal of honor, 21. 
Medford, 123. 
Meek, Henry M., 451. 
Melcher, Levi L., 326. 
Melville, Chas. M., 440. 
Melvin, Asa, 6, 57, 354, 355. 
Melvin, Jas. C, 6. 
Melvin, Wm. W., 369, 419. 
Merriam, Frank E., 472. 
Merrill, A. K., 370. 
Merrill, Hayden A., 451. 
Merrill, Henry O., 359. 
Merrill, John A., 428. 
Merritt, Orlando P., 476. 
Meserve, Ebenezer, 341. 
Messer, Capt. Carlos P., 6, 

12, 338. 
Messer, Geo. E., 355. 
Metzgar, Wm., 451. 
Mice annoy, 198. 
Michigan regiments, 1st, 52, 

64. 
Middleton, Jas. W., 458. 
Miles, Alonzo, 463. 
Miles, Col. D. S., 64, 69. 
Miles, Rev. J. B., 247. 
Miles, Lewis H., 463. 
Miller, Mrs. Dr., 166. 
Miller, Eugene J., 337, 455. 
Miller, Geo. W., 407. 
Miller, John F., 477. 
Miller, Thos., 432. 
Miller, Wm., 407. 
Miller, Wm. A., 447. 
Miller, Wm. D. F., 417, 474. 
Millett, B. H., 359. 
Mills, Chas. E., 341. 
Mills, John A., 385. 
Mills, John E., 339. 
Mills, John F., 330. 
Mills, Palemon C, 346. 
Mills, Wm. W., 341. 
Mimic attack and repulse, 

196. 
Minneaugh, Michael, 385. 
Minnesota regiments, 1st, 53, 

64, 65, 83, 84. 
Minot, Johan, 458. 
Miskelley, E. H., 419. 
Miskelley, Jas. W., 419. 
" Miss as good as a mile," 

241. 



502 



Fifth Regiment, M.V.M. 



Mitchell, Geo. E., 6, 117, 164, 
183, 221, 255, 257, 385, 386. 

Mitchell, H. H., 322. 

Mister, C. S., 348. 

Mobile, 97. 

Monocacj' Junction, 311. 

Monument, First soldiers', 21. 

Moonlight lark, 42. 

Mooney, C. A., 363. 

Mooney, Jas., 349. 

Moore, Benj., 343. 

Moore, Benj. N., 390, 449. 

Moore, D. P., 76, 327. 

Moore, Geo. W., 390. 

Moore, John A., 260, 482. 

Moore, Milton, 6, 413. 

Moore, Wm. F., 364. 

Moore's (Rebel) Battery, 142. 

Moran, John, 487. 

Morehead City, 134, 244. 

Morgan, C. C, 447. 

Morgan, Thos., 463. 

Morley, Alex., 378. 

Morrill, Geo. E., 419. 

Morrill, Jas. M., 332. 

Morris, Geo. O., 350. 

Morris, John, 378. 

Morris, Gen. W. W., 279, 
281, 287, 300. 

Morrison, D. P., 337. 

Morrison, I. T., 346. 

Morrison's Battery, 174, 180. 

Morse, Chas. S., 451. ■ 

Morse, Ezra, 249, 402. 

Morse, Geo. E., 350. 

Morse, Geo. J., 465. 

Morse, Geo. W., 327. 

Morse, Jas. A., 419. 

Morse, J. T., 463. 

Morse, Leopold, 18. 

Morse, Sanford A., 487. 

Moser, John H., 327. 

Moses, Geo., 332. 

Moses, Jas., 327. 

Mosman, Melzar H., 257. 

Motley, Patrick, 451. 

Moulton, Elbridge, 402, 472. 

Moulton, Frank B., 396. 

Moulton, H. W., 327. 

Moulton, H. M., 385, 386. 

Moulton, Jos., 370, 416. 

Mullalley, John, 434. 

Mullett, Thos. W., 419, 475. 



Mulliken, Chas. F., 355. 
Mulreany, Patrick, 378. 
Mulrooney, Wm., 379. 
Mundy, Thos. B., 443. 
Munroe, B. F., 451. 
Munroe, Stephen, 327. 
Munsey, Jos. C, 327. 
Murch, Chas., 341. 
Murdock, Alex., 413. 
Murphy, :Michael, 379. 
Murphy, Michael K., 413. 
Murphy, Richard, 428. 
Murphy, T. G., 359. 
Murray, George, 487. 
Murray, John, 379. 
Murray, Thos., 463. 
Murray, Wm. F., 396. 
Murrey, Edward, 477. 
Murrey, Michael, 477. 
Muster-out (9 mos.), 248. 
Myrick, Geo., 398. 
MjTick, Isaac, Jr., 398. 
Myrick, Jos. A., 402. 

Nash, Wm. H., 419. 
Nason, David A., 440. 
Nason, Geo. W., 6, 22, 77, 

117, 258, 364. 
Nay, Jos. B., 357. 
Neagle, M. A., 376. 
Nealey, Chas., 355. 
Nedtlinger, Edward, 385. 
Negro school, 207. 
Neiss, Geo. B., 447. 
Nelson, Albert, 394. 
Nelson, N. F., 364. 
Nelson, Samuel, 434. 
Nevers, Chas. W., 390, 391. 
Newbern, 134, 150, 186, 217, 

226, 236, 242, 263. 
Newbern Monument, 255, 

256. 
Newbern National Cemetery, 

264. 
Newbern Progress, 193. 
Newcomb, Edward, 419. 
Newell, Frank A., 472 (2). 
Newell, Fred A., 6, 472 (2). 
Newell, Jas. H., 348. 
Newhall, Alfred A., 473. 
Newhall, Everett, 405. 
Newhall, Geo. W., 477. 
Newhall, R. H., 370. 



Newhall, Stephen H., 487. 

New Orleans, 97, 113. 

Newport, R. I., 30. 

Newton, Capt. Chas. B., 241, 
421. 

Newton, Christopher C, 482. 

Newton, F. B., 463. 

Newton, F. M., 428. 

New Year s Day, 191. 

New York, 28, 88, 274. 

New York Tribune, 28. 

Nichols, Chas. H., 337. 

Nichols, Enoch, 451. 

Nichols, Geo., 370. 

Nichols, Geo. C, 4.34. 

Nichols, Geo. W., 332. 

Nichols, John M., 463. 

Nichols, R. F., 3.50. 

Nickles, J. R., 193, 413. 

Nicolay, J. G., 75. 

Niles, Jas., 396. 

Niles, Thos., 370. 

Nimblet, Benj. F., 327. 

Nine Months' Service, 119. 

Norcross, Arthur, 467. 

Norris, True L., 487. 

North, Jas. D., 327. 

North Carolina Coast, 132; 
Map, 133. 

Northern and Southern Sol- 
diers Compared, 195. 

Norton, George, 337. 

Norton, Geo. A., 374. 

Norton, H. D., 334. 

Norton, John, 443. 

Norton, John B., 314, 366. 

Norwood, Howard J., 477. 

Nourse, Adrian T., 463. 

Nourse, Andrew L., 428. 

Nourse, Fred F., 463. 

Nourse, Jos. B., 428. 

Nourse, Parkman, 463. 

Nourse, Roscoe H., 463. 

Nourse, S. W., 451. 

Nova Scotians, 18. 

Noyes, A. S., 341. 

Nutter, Mr., 310. 

Nutter, Jos. S., 387. 

Oaklej-, Geo., 335. 
Oakman, W. S., 76, 337. 
Oaks, J. G., 463. 
Ober, Oliver M., 434, 445. 



Index. 



503 



Ober, Peter, 434. 
Oberlin, Ohio, 104, 112. 
O'Brien, John, 396. 
O'Brien, John, 428. 
O'Brien, Michael, 407. 
Ockington, J. P., 402. 
O'Connell, Daniel, 463. 
O'Connell, Michael, 407. 
O'Hara, Stephen, 77, 101, 350. 
Old Ford, 143. 
Old scenes revisited, 259. 
O'Leary, Arthur W., 447. 
Oler, Herman, 402. 
Oliver Ditson & Co., 18. 
Oliver, J. W., 364. 
Oliver, S. F., 407. 
" On to Richmond," 64. 
One Hundred Days' Service, 

269. 
O'Neil, M. F., 375. 
O'Neil, Thos., 379, 396. 
Orange & AIe.\andria R. R., 

65. 
Ordway, Timothy C, 482. 
( )sborn, Amos, 390. 
Osborne, I. J., 431. 
Osborne, John H., 327. 
O.sborne, Laban S., 327. 
Osgood, Amos G., 477. 
Osgood, Geo. H., 451. 
Osgood, Jos. H., 341, 390. 
Otis, Horace W., 6, 257, 432, 

434. 
Otis, James, 443. 
Otis, Gen. J. L., describes 

Battle of Kinston, 166; 

Whitehall, 172; Goldsboro, 

179. 
Otis, Ward M., 6, 257, 434 

(2). 
Overcoats, Poor, 127. 
Owens, John F., 463. 

Packard, John A., 447. 
Padrick, the Pilot, 221. 
Page, Alvin, 413. 
Page, Caleb A., 447. 
Page, Cyrus A., 465. 
Page, E. C, 408. 
Page, H. S., 388. 
Paige, Frank, 428. 
Paige, Orra, 487. 
Paine, B. F., 402. 



Paine, J. W., 365. 

Paine, Wm. H., 451. 

Palfrey, Frank A., 111. 

Palfrey, Gen. H. W., 102, 
110; biographical, 110. 

Palmer, Chas. D., 467. 

Palmer, C. H. P., 338. 

Palmer, E. J., 346. 

Palmer, Geo. E., 447. 

Palmer, Gen. I. N., 200, 201, 
214, 227, 229, 231, 238. 

Palmer, J. M., 339. 

Palmer, Lloyd G., 370. 

Palmer, Samuel, Jr., 396, 477. 

Palmer, Wm. H., 327. 

Parish Prison, 102, 104; In- 
terior, lOS. 

Parker, B. F., 379. 

Parker, Chas., 396. 

Parker, Chas., 413, 469. 

Parker, Daniel, 419. 

Parker, Geo., 413. 

Parker, Geo. H., 463. 

Parker, John A., 402. 

Parker, John L., 126. 

Parker, Jos. A., Jr., 365. 

Parker, Jos. H., 365. 

Parker, Josiah W., 249, 405. 

Parker, Nathan D., 323, 332. 

Parker, Oliver, 359. 

Parker, S. H., 460. 

Parker, Warren F., 365. 

Parker, Wm. D., 332. 

Parkhurst, Herbert, 473. 

Parkinson, Jacob, 451. 

Parmaleo, H. H., 341. 

Parmenter, Henry L., 482. 

Parmenter, John W., 482. 

Parmenter, Wm. A., 482. 

Parshley, Alonzo, 419, 474. 

Par.shley, Sylvester, 419. 

Parsons, Benj. B., 385. 

Parsons, Benj. W., 332. 

Parsons, Jos. M., 324, 354. 

Parsons, Wm. H., 434. 

Passday, Universal, 37. 

Pattee, Geo. E., 385. 

Pattee, Wm. H., 1;, 343. 

Patten, Geo. W., 371. 

Patten, Jas. W., 76, 327. 

Patten, W. S., 413. 

Paul, Albert H., 385. 

Paul, Jas. E., 361, 380. 



Paull, Isaac D., 449. 

Pay-day, 191. 

Payne, E. D., 117, 402. 

Peabody, Daniel D., 487. 

Peabody, Wm. M., 327. 

Peach, Geo. S., 357. 

Peach, Wm., Jr., 359. 

Peacock, Edward, 447. 

Peak, Geo. E., 77, 150, 346. 

Peak, H. N., 408. 

Pearson, Amos, 451. 

Pearson, Horace R., 291, 473. 

Pearson, Jonas M., 346. 

Pease, Albion P., 419. 

Peasley, A. J., 390. 

Peasley, Thos. W., 390. 

Peck, Gen. J. J., 159. 

Pecker, John B., 341. 

Pedrick, Jos. W., 428. 

Peeler, Albert, 337. 

Peirce, E. N., 77, 150, 152. 

Peirson, Geo. E., 12, 20, 42, 
44,62,73,88, 118, 121, 127, 
149, 192, 197, 200, 201, 
204, 219, 227, 231, 242, 
243, 246, 266, 273, 274, 
277, 279, 280, 300, 315, 
321, 323, 373, 437. 

Pemberton, F. A., 390. 

Pemberton, Robt., 77, 355. 

Penderghast, Thos., 435. 

Pennell, Jos. W., 487. 

Penney, Chas. H., 337. 

Pennsylvania Avenue, 47. 

Pennsylvanians, 36. 

Perham, A. B., 337, 394. 

Perkins, Captain, 49. 

Perkins, A. H., 390. 

Perkins, Aug., 249, 402. 

Perkins, Charles H., 371. 

Perkins, Henry, 398. 

Perkins, Jas., 388. 

Perkins, Jos. N., 359. 

Perkins, Jos. S., 432. 

Perkins, Wm. H., 390. 

Perley, E. G., 396. 

Perrigo, Jas. G., 473. 

Perry, Aug. E., 487. 

Perry, Chas. W., 467. 

Perry, Crosby A., 463. 

Perry, E. A., 6, 142, 173, 188, 
424, 427, 428. 

Perry, Emeiy B., 473. 



504 



Fifth Regiment, M.V.M. 



Perry, Henry H., 422. 
Perry, Henry W., 327, 473. 
Perry, Ira G., 485. 
Pern.-, Russell, 402. 
Perry, Wm. A., 451. 
Persimmon, The, 145. 
Persons, Oscar, 365. 
Peterson, Alex., 440. 
Peterson, Leonard, 332. 
Pettee, Herman A., 473. 
Pettigrew, General, 205. 
Pettingill, Amos, 445. 
Peyton, James, 487. 
Pfaff, F. W., 76, 337. 
Phelps, E. F., 355. 
Philadelphia, 88, 275, 313. 
Philbrook, D. T., 341. 
Phillip, Harrison L., 487. 
Phillip, L. W., 341. 
Phinney, Jos. W., 440. 
Phirmey, Prince A., 443. 
Phippen, Chas. H., 327. 
Pickering, B. F., 357. 
Pickett, General, 180, 230. 
Pierce, Chas. C, 405. 
Pierce, Chas. F., 460. 
Pierce, D. H., 359, 396. 
Pierce, E. X., 37, 346, 405. 
Pierce, Nicholas, 467. 
Pierce Co., S. S., bottle of 

ale, 143. 
Pierce, Warren T., 473. 
Pierce, Wm. D., 428. 
Pike, Wm. F., 443. 
Pingree, Wm. F., 388. 
Piper, Fred G., 463. 
Pitt, Richard, 343. 
Place, Chas. W., 451. 
Plaisted, Geo., 419. 
Plummer, E. F., 390. 
Plunket, Jas. F., 378. 
Plymouth, 148, 206, 229. 
Plympton, Wm. P., 443. 
Poem, 219. 
Pohick Church, 79. 
Point Lookout, 311. 
Pollard, Chas. C, 402. 
Pollock, John, 357. 
Pomeroy, Thos. J., 420. 
Pompey, Stanley, 192. 
Pond, Fred A., 473. 
Pond, John A., 435, 447. 
Poole, Cha.s. F., 477. 



Poole, Parker T., 473. 
Poor, Charles, 487. 
Poor, Ed-n-in H., 420. 
Poor, Frank W., 451. 
Poor, Geo. H., 391. 
Poor, Jas., Jr., 327. 
Poor, Jas. W., 396, 458. 
Poor, John A., 385, 386. 
Poor -n-hites, 230. 
Porter, Col. Andrew, 82. 
Portraits — 

Adams, Chas. (l), 427. 

Adams, Chas. (K), 434. 

Babcock, E. B., 423. 

Babcock, W. T., 425. 

Bailey, A. R., 117, 432. 

Bailey, Chas. H., 370. 

Bailey, W. C, 380. 

Baker, Darius, 399, 404. 

Balcom, Geo., 423. 

Barnes, Jos. W., 423, 427 

Bates, W. C, (2), 100. 

Bennett, F. W., 425. 

Black, Lewis, 408. 

BUss, Chas. H., 429. 

Brigham, W. F., 480. 

Brooks, Webster, 399. 

Brown, E. A., 424. 

Burroughs, G. W., 380, 445 

Buxton, Geo. F., 328. 

Childs, Geo. T., 321. 

Churcliill, J. K., 370. 

Coffin, E. M., 471. 

Comey, A. B., 399. 

Currier, Chas., 409. 

Eustis, Wm. T., 117, 267 

Ferguson, T. T., 412. 

Gilson, H. A., (2), 383. 

Girouard, J. B., 425. 

Grammer, W. T., 268. 

Harrington, C. T., 331. 

Haynes, A. S., 424, 434. 

Hervey, Frank, 408. 

Hildreth, Wm. H., 391. 

Hill, J. Q., 457. 

Hobbs, Chas. E., 445. 

Homer, G. H., 457. 

Horton, J. A., 462. 

Howard, J. H., 328. 

Howard, T. F., 267. 

Howe, E. D., 427, 430. 

Howes, H. F., 414. 

Johnson, F. W., 445. 



Johnston, J. R., 452. 
Jones, Oscar, 462. 
Jourdan, J. W., 430. 
Kimball, C. M. (2), 412. 
Kingsley, A. A., 401. 
Lane, C. D. W., 370. 
Lawrence, D. W., 462. 
Lawrence, S. A., 462. 
Lawrence, S. C, front., 

318. 
Libby, C.W., 457. 
Mann, E. F., 383. 
Marion, H. E., 414, 415. 
Marsh, Geo. E., 391. 
Mitchell, Geo. E., 117, 384, 

386. 
Moulton, H. M., 386. 
Nason, Geo. W., 117. 
Nevers, C. W., .391. 
Newell, Frank A., 472. 
Newell, Fred A., 472. 
Oliver, J. W., 364. 
Otis Brothers, 434. 
Payne, E. D., 117. 
Peirson, Geo. H., 118, 266. 
Perry, E. A., 424, 427. 
Poor, John A., 386. 
Rice, Wm. B., 459. 
Rix, Asa W. S., 328. 
Russell, John H., 452. 
Sampson, Geo. H., 408. 
Sawyer, J. H., 471. 
Saucer, R. C, 429. 
Sinclair, Joe, 380. 
Small, D. A., 391. 
Staples, Fort, 415. 
Stock, Henry, 408. 
Thacher, F., 401. 
Turner, Edwin, 117. 
Watson, T. R., 384. 
Weston, H. G., 415. 
Wheeler, J. W., 457. 
Whitcomb, O. A., 117. 
Whitney, J. F., 452. 
Wilhams, F. G., 445. 
Wood, Chas. A., 423. 
Wood, Chas. W., 425, 430. 
Woodbury, P. O., 445, 471. 
Worcester, W. E. C, 372, 

480. 
Wyer, E. C, 404, 462. 
Wyman, B. F., 401, 404. 
Post 24, 296. 



Index. 



505 



Potomac River, 51. 
Potter, Gen. E. E., 240. 
Potter, John H., 193, 385. 
Pousland, John H., 327. 
Powell, John F., 408. 
Powers, Capt. A. A., 272, 478. 
Powers, Amos P., 482. 
Powers, Andrew A., 421. 
Powers, Chas. H., 365. 
Powers, Edward L., 482. 
Powers, Jas. N., 408. 
Powers, Jos. E., 447. 
Prados, Major, 95. 
Pratt, Calvin L., 327. 
Pratt, Edwin, 332. 
Pratt, J. M. P., 76, 337. 
Pratt, Le-n-is R., 327. 
Pratt, Thos. S., 448. 
Prentiss, Chas. H., 249, 405, 

475. 
Prescott, Albert, 367. 
Prescott, Geo., 417. 
Prescott, Capt. Geo. L., 11, 

44, 351. 
Prescott, Geo. W., 477. 
Prescott, Mehdn, 420. 
Prescott, W. R., 448. 
Prescott House, 314. 
President, The, 36. 
Pressey, Chas. A., 385. 
Preston, Rev. Geo. M., 123. 
Preston, Luther H., 448. 
Price and Birch, 55. 
Priest, Chas. H., 435. 
Priest, Francis H., 435. 
Priest, Geo. O., 428, 460. 
Priest, Gilman, 428. 
Priest, Micah B., 422. 
Prince, Gen. Henry, 195, 216, 

244. 
Prisoners at Bull Run, 93. 
Prisoners of War, 93; Play in 

prison, 116. 
Proctor, E. W., 451. 
Proctor, Wm. T., 463. 
Prouty, Albert B., 467. 
Prouty, Wm. N., 346. 
Providence, R. I., 274. 
Puffer, Chas., 355. 
Puffer, John S., 355. 
Putnam, Judge A. A., 258. 
Putnam, George, 458. 
Putnam, Thos. L., 449. 



Putney, Alvardo, 448. 
Putney, Horace B., 458. 

Quigg, John, 463. 
Quigley, Jos., 371. 
Quimby, Chas. C, 365. 
Quimby, Lester F., 487. 
Quincy, H. A., 72, 322. 
Quincy Irishman, 31. 
Quinn, John, 359. 
Quint, N. F., 388. 

Raddin, Albert, 451. 
Rahr, C. E., .3.32. 
Ramsdell, E. W., 77, 346. 
Ramsdell, P. A., 357. 
Ramsey, Lieut. D., 85. 
Ramsay, Royal, 371, 420. 
Rand, J. Hovey, 467. 
Rand, Nahum, 435. 
Randall, Herbert N., 483. 
Randall, John C, 397, 458. 
Randall. John W., 448. 
Ransom, Gen. M. W., 232. 
Ransom, Wm. E., 329. 
Rats in camp, 152. 
Raverty, Hugh, 487. 
Rawle's Mills, 143, 266. 
Ray, Albert F., 342. 
Ray, Thos. A., 391. 
Raymond, C. H., 371. 
Raymond, Joel, Jr., 420. 
Rayner, John, 333. 
Rayner, Ozias, 333. 
Read\alle, 273. 
Rebels attack Newbern, 203; 
E. F. Wyer's account, 204. 
Recruit tries to escape, 296. 
Recruits arrive, 61. 
Reed, Alvin R., 408. 
Reed, Frank P., 449. 
Reed, Freeman H., 337. 
Reed, Henry, 463. 
Reed, H. F., 346. 
Reed, Jas. H., 350. 
Reed, Thos. B., 420. 
Reed, Wm. C. B., 477. 
Re-enlistment, 238. 
Reeves, Sergeant, 258. 
Regimental band, 249. 
Regimental kitchen, 35. 
Regimental roster, 317. 
Regiments fall out of line, 69. 



Reports: — Col. Andrew Port- 
er's, 82; Col. Wm. B. Frank- 
lin s, 84; Spinola's, 214; 
Foster's, 224; Col. Peir- 
son's, 233. 

Return from Goldsboro, 183. 

Return of flags, 315. 

Return, Tarboro march, 146. 

Review, Great, 200. 

Reynolds, E. W., 355. 

Reynolds, Jas., 376. 

Reynolds, S. H., 352. 

Rhoades, Geo. L., 435. 

Rhode Island Brigade, 82. 

Rhodes, A. P., 391. 

Rhodes, Jos., 391. 

Rice, Aug. R., 420. 

Rice, Chas. W., 483. 

Rice, Fred B., 6. 

Rice, Henry M., 483. 

Rice, Moses P., 460. 

Rice, Wm. B., 6, 459 (2). 

Rice, Wm. S., 77, 101, 351. 

Rich, Stillman, 408. 

Richards, Chas. F., 23, 371. 

Richards, Chas. H., 458. 

Richards, Edward H., 467. 

Richards, F. J., 342. 

Richards, John M., 414. 

Richards, M. F., 77, 346. 

Richards, Samuel, 348. 

Richardson, Alvah, 337. 

Richardson, Clark, 414. 

Richardson, C. T., 346. 

Richardson, C. W., 152, 414. 

Richardson, D. K., 487. 

Richardson E. F., 435. 

Richardson, Geo. A., 463. 

Richardson, Geo. H., 397, 
476. 

Richardson, Geo. W., 402. 

Richardson, H. H., 359. 

Richardson, Johnson, 414. 

Richardson, S. O., 58. 

Richardson, Wm. H., shoots 
himself, 62, 350. 

Richardson, Wm. H., 359. 

Richardson's Brigade, 69. 

Richmond, Jas., 448. 

Richmond, Va., 95. 

Ricker, Chas. W., 327. 

Ricker, Geo. F., 448. 

Ricketts' Battery, 83, 84, 85. 



506 



Fifth Regiment, M.V.M. 



Ricketts, Capt. Jas. B., 64, 

85. 
Riggs, E. M., 3.59. 
Riggs' Battery, 178, 180. 
Riley, Hugh F., 350. 
Riley, Michael, 409. 
Riley, M. T.i 379. 
Riley, Wm. J., 402. 
Ring, G. W., 385. 
Rinn, Samuel, 249, 410. 
Rix, Asa W. S., 327, 328. 
Roach, G. H., 375. 
Roanoke Island, 149, 229. 
Robbins, Andrew, 488. 
Robbins, Elbridge, Jr., 355. 
Robbins, Jos. N., 355. 
Robbins, S. W., 397. 
Roberts, John W., 385, 477. 
Robertson, Chas. M., 420. 
Robertson, John, 337. 
Robertson, L. O., 488. 
Robertson, Wm. H. H., 477. 
Robie, Henry L., 458. 
Robinson, Chas., 458. 
Robinson, Chas. H., 333. 
Robinson, Chas. T., 380, 444. 
Robinson, Edwin, 443. 
Robinson, Edwin H., 346. 
Robinson, Frank T., 5, 286. 
Robinson, Frank T., 420. 
Robinson, H. H., 381, 385. 
Robinson, J. W., 448. 
Robinson, Wm. E., 360. 
Roby, Geo. W., 350. 
Rochester, D. :M., 451. 
Roe, Chas. E., 483. 
Roe, Lt. Comdr. F. A., 148. 
Roe, Walter W., 443. 
Rogers, Eugene L., 467. 
Rogers, John S., 355. 
Rogers, M. H„ 397. 
Rogers, O. W., 340, 365. 
Rogers, T. G., .342. 
Romance in Rebel Prison, 

103. 
Rood, Chas. H., 448. 
Rose, F. J., .391. 
Rose, Jas. H., 335. 
Rose, John F., 479. 
Rose, John W., 334. 
Rosebrook, S. H., 432. 
Roulstone, Edwin A., 420. 



Roulstone, Thos. R., 417, 

474. 
Rounds, H. F., 451. 
Rounds, Ira F., 451. 
Roundy, John D., 333. 
Rourke, Jas. E., 402. 
Rowe, C. B., 381. 
Rowe, Chas. A., 337. 
Rowe, Henrj', 488. 
Rowe, Howard F., 455. 
Rowell, Gideon, 451. • 
Roy, August, 440. 
Rudderham, Chas., 452. 
Runyan, Gen. Theo., 64, 69. 
Russell, Austin W., 463. 
Russell, Chas., 346, 405. 
Russell, D. O., 405. 
Russell, Geo. S., 464. 
Russell, Hubbard, Jr., 346. 
Russell, Jeremiah, Jr., 435. 
Russell, John H., 452 (2). 
Russell, Wm. O., 448. 
Rust, Elbridge, 391. 
Ryan, J. J., 375. 
Ryan, Thos., 379. 
Ryan, Wm. P., 350. 

Safford, Asa, 452. 

Salem, 20, 125. 

Salem, Mayor of, 127. 

Salisbury, N. C, 99, 114. 

SaUsbury, Wm. G., 467. 

Salter, Thos. T., 339. 

Salter, Wm., 339. 

Salty stew, 131. 

Sampson, Geo. H., 6, 408, 

409. 
Sampson, L. T., 355. 
Sanborn, John F., 392. 
Sanborn, John H., 409. 
Sanborn, Tudor, 448. 
Sanderson, Fred, 458. 
Sandford, General, 51. 
Sanger, Chas. E., 435. 
Sangster's Station, 65. 
Sargent, Andrew J., 477. 
Sargent, M. H., 22. 
Saunders, Sidney, 467. 
Sawtelle, Wm. H., 473. 
Sawyer, Geo., 346. 
Sawyer, John H., 6, 422, 471 

479. 
Sawyer, Leonard J., 339. 



Sawyer, R. C, 428, 429. 
Sayers, James, 409. 
Schillinger,Benj. F., 365, 420. 
Schneider, Jacob, 350. 
Schouler, Gen. Wm., 18, 119, 

255. 
Schromm, John, 443. 
Schwartz, Jas. L., 420. 
Scoboria, P. G., 402. 
Scott, Henry, 483. 
Scott, Gen. W., 36, 45, 47. 
Seabury, J. W., 402. 
Searl, Geo., 392. 
Seavey, Albert, 420, 458. 
Seeley, Montressor, 414, 468. 
Selvey, Wm., 337. 
Semons, F. A., 327. 
Sendell, H. J., 397. 
Severn River, 30. 
Sewall, Alfred C, 477. 
Seward, Sec. Wm. H., 36. 
Seymour, Herbert F., 477. 
Shanley, Wm., 77, 101, 359. 
Shannon, John F., 452. 
Shannon, Wm., 376. 
Sharp, Wm., 402. 
Shattuck, E. L., 385. 
Shattuck, L. H., 365. 
Shaw, Albert, 379. 
Shaw, Jas. S., 77, 101, 342. 
Shaw, John G., 467. 
Shaw, Jos. E., 255, 257. 
Shaw, Wm. E., 365. 
Sheehan, C. H., 443. 
Sheehan, John, 379. 
Sheehan, Timothy, 379. 
Sheep-.stealing, 68. 
Shepard, Chas. H., 54, 329. 
Shepard, L. J., 371. 
Sherman, G. B., 346. 
Sherman, Geo. E., 355. 
Sherman, Wm. H., 333. 
Sherman, Gen. W. T., 53. 
Shopland, Frank, 379. 
Shove, Edward, 452. 
Shute, A. M., 342. 
Shute, Jas. G., 435. ' 
Shute, Jas. M., 374. 
Shuter's Hill, 52. 
Sibley, Mark N., 435. 
Signal Corps detail, 152. 
Simmons, S. B., 107. 
Simonds, N. A., 365. 



Index. 



507 



Simonds, N. P., 477. 
Simonds, Wm. F., 458. 
Simpson, Jas. W., 371. 
Sinclair, Joe, 6, 249 ; his dog, 

250, 253; 380, 386. 
Singer, John C, 440. 
" Singular Fad," 107. 
Skerry, M., 145. 
Skerry, Michael, 403. 
Skinner, Jacob H., 488. 
Slattery, John J., 467. 
Slave pen, 55. 
Slaves join the march, 186. 
Sleeper, Jacob H., 347. 
Sleeper, Jas. H., 63, 324. 
Sleepy Creek, 177. 
Slocum, Col. H. W., 93. 
Slocum, S. P., 403. 
Sloper, Henry, 327. 
Sloper, Wm. A., .327. 
SmaU, D. A., 391, 392. 
Smith, Aug. E., 428. 
Smith, Chas., 397. 
Smith, Chas. H., 458. 
Smith, Daniel F., 338. 
Smith, Edward F., 458. 
Smith, F. B., 409. 
Smith, Geo. W., 428. 
Smith, Granville C, 464. 
Smith, H. J., 327. 
Smith, H. J., 342. 
Smith, John W., 355. 
Smith, Jonas L., 346. 
Smith, Jos., 346. 
Smith, Lewis, 76, 337. 
Smith, Nahum F., 342. 
Smith, Norman, 473. 
Smith, Rich. E., 452. 
Smith, Robert, 327. 
Smith, S. Franklin, 483. 
Smith, Sanford A., 350. 
Smith, Sidney L., 467. 
Smith, Stephen, 429. 
Smith, Stephen F., 488. 
Smith, Thos., 333. 
Smith, Thos. G., 435. 
Snow, David, 403. 
Snow, Henry, 350. 
Snow, Wm., 127. 
Snow, Wm. F., .374, 381. 
Snow, Zoeth, Jr., 398. 
Snow Hill, 309. 
Snyder, Geo. W., 52. 



Somerville, 20. 
Sonnet on Bones, 105. 
South Amboy, N. J., 275. 
South Framingham, 26. 
South Reading, 68. 
Souther, Geo. G., 355. 
Southwick, B. F., 387, 449. 
Southwick, Wm. H., 392. 
Spaulding, Wm., 416, 474. 
Spear, Charles, 440. 
Spear, Wm. H., 414. 
Speight, Captain, 28. 
Spencer, E. R., 414. 
Spinney, R. M., 350. 
Spinola, Gen. F. B., 202, 214, 

222. 
Spinola's trip, 213; Troops 

involved, 214, 215, 216. 
Spoerell, George, 429, 483. 
Spooner, Stephen, 403. 
Sprague, Alice A., 258. 
Sprague, Gen. A. B. R., 2.58. 
Spring, Henry N., 460. 
Stackpole, Edwin, A., 435. 
Stackpole, Wm. A., 453. 
Stanley, Gustavus, 453. 
Stanley, Harrison, 342. 
Stanley, John S., 435. 
Stanton, Jacob C, 435. 
Staples, Fort, 414, 415. 
Stark, Kirk, 34, 356. 
Starkey, Chas. D., 429. 
Starkweather, J. F., 414. 
" Stars and Stripes," 97, 102, 

105, 109. 
Staten, E. H., 323, 324. 
Steamers: — Mississippi, 129, 

130, 166; Merrimack, 129, 

130, 132; Scout, 138; 

Northerner, 209, 212; Emi- 

lie, 212; Escort, 220. 
Stearns, Elijah W., 488. 
Stebbins, Rev. R. P., 123, 

248. 
Steeds presented, 55. 
Steele, Wm. H., 342. 
Stephens, Alfred, 409. 
Stephens, John R., 333. 
Stetson, Jos., 350. 
Stevens, Chas. E., 443. 
Stevens, E. C, 420. 
Stevens, Francis E., 464. 
Stevens, George, 443. 



Stevens, John P., 127, 240, 

410. 
Stevens, John W., 387, 
Stevens, Orin W^ 4.14. 
Stevens, Oscar F., 414. 
Stevens, Samuel H., 448. 
Stevens, Samuel M., 343. 
Stevenson, Col. T. G., 141, 

161, 173, 186, 3,55. 
Stewart, Chas. W., 350. 
Stiles, ]\Ir., 111. 
Stiles, A. W., 403. 
Stiles, Augustus, 453. 
Stiles, Charles, 453. 
Stiles, Chas. D., 324. 
Stiles, S. D., 420. 
Stiles, Wm. W., 327. 
Stimpson, A. M., 409. 
Stimpson, John F., .342. 
Stock, Henry, 408, 409. 
Stoddard, Eliot, 467. 
Stoddard, Geo. G., 19, 347. 
Stodder, Jos. F., 458. 
Stodder, Wm. A., 454. 
Stokoe, Robert H., 403. 
Stone, Rev. A. L., 198. 
Stone, Chas. H., 477. 
Stone, Gen. C. P., 53. 
Stone, Col. E. F., 124. 
Stone, Franks., 448. 
Stone, F. T., 392. 
Stone, H. P., 337. 
Stone, Orville E., 483. 
Stone, Mayor P. J., 247. 
Stone, John E. 357. 
Stone Hou.se, Old, 70. 
Stoodley, Jos. E., 420. 
Stout, Edward, 386. 
Stow-men, 273. 
Stowe, A. F., 342. 
Stowers, Thos. P., 414. 
Stratton, Isaac, 483. 
Stratton, Isaac C, 429. 
Stratton, J. L. N., 114. 
Strong, Geo. C, 64. 
Strout, Chas. W., 335. 
Studley, T. R., 453. 
Sturtevant, Geo. C. C, 465. 
Sturtevant, Geo. E., 488. 
Sturtevant, Geo. F., 386. 
Sudley Church, 70. 
Sudley's Ford, 69, 73, 86. 
Sullivan, Bart., 350. 



508 



Fifth Regiment, M.V.M. 



Sullivan, D. J., 375. 
Sullivan, D. S., 443. 
Sullivan, Humphrey, Jr., 337, 
Sullivan, Thos. V., 6, 410, 

473. 
Summaries of three-months' 

men, 371. 
■Sumner, Chas., 125. 
Sumner, Geo., 110. 
Sumner, John A., 357. 
Sumner, J. A. P., 392. 
Sumner, Stephen, 420. 
Sumner, Wm. F., 356. 
" Sunny South," 133, 145. 
Swallow, Thos. J., 443. 
Swan, Wm. R., 11, 334. 
Sweeney, C. H., 365. 
Sweeney, Jas., 397. 
Sweet, Albert A., 473. 
Sweet, H. W., 453. 
Sweetser, Capt. F. :M., 6, 272, 

484. 
Sweetser, Jas. W., 42, 329. 
Sweetser, Marshall P., 4S4. 
Sweetser, Oliver, 333. 
Sweetser, Thos., 333. 
Swett, Jas. H., 449. 
Swett, Jos. H., 392. 
Swift's Creek, 140. 
Symonds, B. R., 392. 
Symonds, Chas. A., 388, 453. 
Symonds, N. A., 328. 

Tabor, N. Z., 415. 
Taft, Albert, M., 448. 
Tannatt, Geo. S., 397. 
Tarboro, 264. 
Tarboro march, 137. 
Target-shooting, 297. 
Tay, Francis J., 409. 
Tay, John B., 415. 
Taylor, Dennis, 415, 473. 
Taylor, Henry, 342. 
Taylor, Jas. H., 346. 
Taylor, Owen, 350. 
Taylor, Seth E., 488. 
Taylor, Wm. D., 421. 
Taylor, W. F., 355. 
Teague, Wm. H., 359. 
Tebo, Peter, 464. 
Teel, Geo. C, 392, 453. 
Teel, Geo. E., 346. 
Teel, Geo. M., 405. 



Temple, Geo. L., 429. 
Temple, Henry M., 429. 
Tenney, Geo. L., 443. 
Tenney, W. E., 415. 
Tenney, Wm. H., 483. 
Testaments given, 19, 22. 
Thacher, Franklin, 401, 403. 
Thanksgiving, 154, 291. 
Thatcher, Thos. N., 453. 
Thayer, I. E., 371. 
Thayer, S. J. F., 386. 
Thompson, Chas., 333. 
Thompson, F. H., 386. 
Thompson, G. A., 77, 359. 
Thompson, Geo. E., 464. 
Thompson, Isaac, 397. 
Thompson, Jas. E., 443. 
Thomp.son, .John F., 333. 
Thompson, John N., 3.59. 
Thompson, Wm. L., 387, 449, 
Thorpe, A. M., 346. 
Thurlow, Stephen E., 488. 
Tibbets, A. W., 371. 
Tibbets, David W., 458. 
Tibbetts, Chas. H., 333. 
Tibbetts, Frank L., 76, 101, 

333. 
Tibbetts, Geo. W., 443. 
Tibbetts, Phineas T., 334. 
Tibbitts, A. W., 23, 371. 
Tidd, A. E., 312. 
Tidd, Horace, 312. 
Tidd, John E., 355. 
Tillson, Elijah A., 488. 
Tilton, S. S., 453. 
Tisdale, Wm., 467. 
Titus, Daniel F., 420. 
Titus, Geo. F., 477. 
Toby, Wm., 357. 
Tolman, Henry J., 458, 483. 
Tompkins, S. G., 386. 
Tood, Lieut., 96. 
Toole, Patrick, 435. 
Towle, James, 409. 
Towle, Sidney, 409. 
Towne, Chas. A., 392. 
Towne, Howard jM., 458. 
Townsend, Edwin A., 407. 
Townsend, Geo. W., 329. 
Transcript, Boston, 26, 27. 
Trappe, Village of, 303. 
Trask, Chas., 392. 
Trask, Henrv, 359. 



Trask, S. P., 453. 

Treadwell, Surg. J. B., 278, 
438. 

Trescott, E. W., 465. 

Tripp, Frank D., 449. 

Troops leaving for South Car- 
olina, 195. 

Troup, Geo. H., 440. 

Trowbridge, Aug. S., 422. 

Trowbridge, James C, 483. 

Trumbull, J. B., 397. 

Tuck, S. W., 348. 

Tucker, Geo. A., 444. 

Tucker, Nathan T., 464. 

Tuffts, R. W., 328. 

Tufts, Albert, 392, 448: 

Tufts, Aug., 346. 

Tufts, Wm. C, 473. 

Tupper, Geo. F., 346. 

Turnbull, Chas. C, 458. 

Turner, Edwin, 117, 381. 

Turner, J. H. R., 346. 

Turner, S. H., 77, 346. 

Turner, Wm. J., 444. 

Tuttle, H. O., .342. 

Twi.ss, A. J., 333. 

Tyghe, Joseph, 435. 

Tyler, Chas. H., 448. 

Tyler, Daniel, 409. 

Tyler, Gen. Daniel, 64, 69, 
70, 82, 84. 

Tyler, Gen. E. B., 310. 

Tyler, Wm. N., 3.33. 

Tyree, John C, 444. 

Underhill, S. Aug., 407. 
Underwood, Granville, 483. 
Uniform, Cos. B and I, 21. 
Uniform and buttons, 289. 
Upton, Geo. A., 392. 
Upton, Samuel, 397. 
U. S. Naval Academy, 30,31. 
U. S. Treasury Building, 34, 

36. 
Usher, J. F., .346. 

" Vacant Chair," The, 79. 
Vance, Gen. Zeb., 225. 
Van de Sande, John, 365. 
Varrell, John H., 420. 
Vaux, Wm. V., 330. 
Very, H. V., 359. 
Veteran Organization, 316. 



Index. 



509^ 



Vibbert, Albert H., 448. 
Viles, E. F., 376. 
Vinal, Geo. E., 467. 
Volunteer Refreshment Sa- 
loon, 275, 313. 
Vottier, Alex. G., 477. 

Wade, Jas. P., 338. 
Wade, Martin V., 415, 473. 
Wadsworth, Jas. S., 64. 
Walberg, Frank, 381, 446. 
Walcott, Geo. E., 465. 
Walden, Wm. H., 397. 
Walker, E. M., 365. 
Walker, James, 127, 410. 
Walker, James H., 415, 473. 
Walker, Judson, 409. 
Walker, Wm. H., 333. 
Walkup, Jas. E., 392. 
Wall, F. A., 398. 
Wallace, Chas. E., 464. 
Wallace, Geo. W., 72, 77, 339. 
Wallace, H. D., 350. 
Wallace, Kinsley, 365. 
Wallace, Gen. Lew, 270, 278, 

304, 308, 311, 312. 
Wallberg, V., 6, 231,335,393. 
Walsh, John E., 440. 
Ward, Geo. F., 473. 
Ward, John, 397, 454. 
Wardwell, Cyrus T., 77, 101, 

350. 
Wardwell, D. J., 348. 
Wardwell, D. K., 11, 12, 17, 

18, 347. 
Wardwell, Henry, 453. 
Wardwell, Henry F., 333. 
Wardwell's Tigers, 17. 
Ware, Geo., 355. 
Warland, Thos. F., 355. 
Warner, L. D., 392. 
Warren, E. J., 328. 
Warren, H. M., 333. 
Warren, Jos. G., 350. 
Warren, Thos. A., 350. 
Washington, 31, 33, 36, 87. 
Washington, General, 51. 
Washington, N. C., 99, 138, 

140; Attacked, 207, 209, 

222, 264. 
Washington to Bull Run, map, 

67. 
Washington's birthday, 200. 



Waterman, Anthony A., 476. 
Waterman, Frank O., 476. 
Waterman, Jas. L., 392, 449. 
Watkins, Chas. S., 342. 
Watson, J. C, 22, 361. 
Watson, T. R., 381, 384. 
Watson, Wm. W., .365. 
Watts, H. C, 355. 
Waugh, Henry H., 449. 
Waugh, Wm. V., 473. 
Way, Mr., 19. 
Webb, E. F., 356. 
Webb, Mayor S. P., 20. 
Webber, M. S., 328. 
Webber, W. B., .342. 
Web.ster, C. A., 392. 
Webster, Geo., 359. 
Webster, Geo. A., 475. 
Webster, Geo. H., 420. 
Weed, Geo. C, 483. 
Weeks, Henry W., 467. 
Weeks, Wm. H., 328. 
Welch, Matthew, 375. 
Welch, Wm. P., 453. 
Wellington, E. R., 448. 
Wellington, Lowell, Jr., 356. 
Wellington, S. R., 448. 
Wellington, Goss & Co., 23. 
Welsh, John, 379. 
Welsh, Patrick, 379. 
Wemyss, Chas. C, 458. 
Wenham, 123, 126, 128, 248. 
Wentworth, L. E., 324. 
Wenzell, Dana M., 403. 
Wescott, Eugene, 365. 
Wessells, Gen. H. W., 159, 

161, 200, 205. 
West, Geo., 328. 
West Pointer reproved, 44. 
Weston, H. G., 6, 249, 252, 

258, 415 (2). 
Weston, R. H., 333. 
Wheeler, Caleb H., 356. 
Wheeler, Edward S., 6, 77, 

101, 114, 356. 
Wheeler, H. L., 6, 77, 101, 

114, 356. 
Wheeler, Jedediah W., 457, 

464. 
Wheeler, John S., 473. 
Wheeler, Jos., 356. 
Wheeler, Lowell S., 483. 
Wheeler, Sam. B., 328. 



Wheeler, Wm. H., 403. 
Wheeler, Wm. N., 409. 
Whelon, John N., 431. 
Whidden, A. H., 392. 
Whipple, A. W., 64. 
Whitcomb, David B., 429, 

479. 
Whitcomb, F. E., 249, 386. 
Whitcomb, Geo. F., 22, 365. 
Whitcomb, Lyman R., 440. 
Whitcomb, O. A., 117, 431. 
White, Chas. H., 429. 
White, Eben, 23, 371. 
White, Eben, Jr., 475. 
White, Edson H., 453. 
White, Fred A., 448. 
White, Henry F., 359. 
White, Henry M., 488. 
White, Herbert H., 488. 
White, John M., 409. 
White, Jos. A., 386. 
White, N. H., 430. 
White, Thos., 359. 
White, Wallace B., 350. 
White, WiUard L., 488. 
White, Wm. H., 338. 
Whitehall, 170, 261. 
White Hou.se, 36, 46. 
Whitfield, Colonel, 262. 
Whiting, Henry L., 420. 
Whiting, Ithamer, 464. 
Whiting, John F., 6, 298, 460. 
Whiting, Sidney S., 361. 
Whitney, Edward, 464. 
Whitney, Edwin F., 197, 420. 
Whitney, Geo. T., 356. 
Whitney, J. Francis, 452, 480. 
Whitney, John W., 464. 
Whitney, Moses, 458. 
Whittaker, Geo. L., 468. 
Whittemore, Henry, 453. 
Whittemore, Theodosius J., 

420. 
Whitten, Rufus R., 473. 
Whittier, Wm. P., 356. 
Whittle, Albert C, 394. 
Whittle, Chas. P.,- 335, 393, 

.394, 454. 
Whittle, Geo. W., 394. 
Who was he? 290. 
" Why don't you take it? " 

40. 
Wiggin A. J., 392. 



510 



Fifth Regiment, M.V.M. 



Wiggin, Isaac H., 350. 
Wiggins, Jas., 379. 
Wightman, Mayor, 89. 
Wilcox, Col. O. B., 53, 64. 
Wilcutt, Wm. C, 350. 
Wild, Gen. E. A., 244. 
Wild, Silas A., 405. 
Wilder, C. B., 240. 
Wilder, G. W., 464. 
Wilder, John W., 464. 
Wiley, Benj. D., 475. 
Wiley, Geo. H., 357. 
Wiley, Jos. E., 333. 
Wiley, Samuel, 360. 
Wiley, Samuel A., 420. 
Wiley, Wm., 333. 
Wiley, Z. T., 453. 
Wilkins, E. L., 333. 
Wilkins, Lewis, 483. 
Wilkinson, Wm., 403. 
Wilkinson's Point, 236. 
Willan, Thos., 338. 
Willard's Hotel, 87, 88. 
Willett, Geo. A., 386. 
Williams, Albert, 386. 
Williams, Chas. A., 328. 
Williams, D. O., 186, 397. 
Williams, E. J., 77, 101, 351. 
Williams, F. G., 445 (2), 473. 
Williams, Geo. F., 473. 
Williams, Geo. W., 20. 
Williams, Henry, 444. 
Williams, Horace P., 6, 18, 41, 

52, 85, 347. 
Williams, Samuel, Jr., 420. 
Williams, Samuel W., 360. 
Williams, Thos., 397. 
Williams, Wm. D., 360. 
Williamson, Geo. W., 405. 
Williamston, 143, 147. 
Willis, C. W., 409. 
Wills, Robert, 468. 
Wilson, Daniel H., 435. 
Wilson, Ged. E., 476. 
Wilson, Henry, 483. 
Wilson, Senator Henry, 59. 
Wilson, Jacob H., 360. 
Wilson, James, 328. 



Wilson, James, 435. 
Wilson, John, 351. 
Wilson, Jos. W., 488. 
Wilson, Wm. H., 351. 
Winchester, B. J., 392. 
Winchester, P. L., 388. 
Winder, John H., 96. 
Wing, Daniel, 398. 
Winn, Abel T., 415. 
Winn, Jos. E., 356. 
Winn, Otis K., 415, 469. 
Winnard, Edwin, 448. 
Winslow, E. E., 386. 
Winslow, Zenas, 432. 
Winter, Wm., 110. 
Winters, R. M., 397. 
Winthrop, R. C, 120. 
Winthrop, Theo., 32. 
Winthrop Square, 247. 
Wirz, Capt. Henrj-, 96, 101, 

102. 
Woburn, 61, 123, 248. 
Woburn man discovered, 224. 
Woburn Phalanx, 126, 154, 

225. 
Wollmer, John A., 464. 
Women reoels, 149. 
Wood, Chas. A., 423, 483. 
Wood, Chas. T., 416. 
Wood, Chas. T., 483. 
Wood, Dexter T., 409. 
Wood, Henry, 430. 
Wood, S. S., 352. 
Wood, Stillman P., 483. 
Wood, Wm. W., 6, 193, 425, 

430, 479. 
Woodbury, Alfred I., 430, 

483. 
Woodburj-, Henrj' A., 422. 
Woodbur>-, H. W., 6, 458. 
Woodbury, P. O., 444, 445, 

471. 
Woodington, 164, 262. 
Woodman, Milton C, 488. 
Woods, Chas. E., 469. 
Woods, Fred H., 473. 
Woodwell, Chas. H., 386. 



Woolley, L. L., 249, 405. 

Worcester, 26. 

Worcester, Maj. Wm. E. C, 

209, 236, 273, 312, 372, 

373, 437, 480. 
Word upon ExcJiange, 108. 
Wordell, Uriah, 453. 
Wordell, We-ston, 453. 
Works, Geo. L., 430. 
Wormwood, Jas. G., 249, 431. 
Worthen, H. R., 338. 
Wotton, Bernard, 76, 338. 
Wotton, W. M., 444. 
Wright, Aaron W., 430. 
Wright, Albert A., 430, 479. 
Wright, Chas. E., 430, 483. 
Wright, Daniel, Jr., 473. 
Wright, Edward E., 430, 479. 
Wright, Eugene, 356. 
Wright, Jos. R., 444. 
Wright, O. S., 339. 
Wright, S. A., 367. 
Wright, Thos. H., 458. 
Wyer, Edwin F., 6, 61, 79, 

143, 166, 204, 209, 221, 

225, 257, 273, 279, 286, 

300, 302, 366, 398, 404, 438, 

462, 468. 
Wyman, B. F., 6, 249, 401, 

403, 404. 
Wyman, Geo. P., 342. 
Wyman, John, 416. 
Wyman, Jos. S., 356. 
Wj-man, L. F., 366. 
WjTiian, S. E., 410, 469. 

Yankees, 225. 
Yeager, Chas. H., 351. 
Yendley, Jas. B., 338. 
York, Wm. S., 287, 473. 
Young, Carlos G., 468. 
Young, Frank A., 468. 
Young, Joseph, 366. 
Younie, John, 386. 

Zoller, Geo. H., 338. 



y 



V\V>^^ 



^^ 



VX3^^^^^^^^